The Effect of Tool Geometry for Resistance Spot Welds on Crack Growthin Specimens of Mild Steel


A mechanism of crack growth was investigated in resistance spot welds of mildsteel. The experiments in this study were designed to investigate the effects of theelectrode cap geometrieson fatigue life of the resistance spot weld specimens. Twotypes of electrode cap geometries were used. These types are 4.8 mm and 6.3 mmnose,used with the same shank in welding operations of 2mm mild steel plate. Toobtain the goal, operating factors were precisely controlled, especially the electrodeforce and welding current of spot welds, to keep the same operating conditions whilechangingthe electrode geometries. The life test results showed an improvement in thefatigue life of resistance spot welds. The increment was 30% in heavy loads and 10%in low loads based on tool geometry. The improvement in the fatigue life wasproduced by reducing the diameter of the nose in the geometry of the tool.