Assessing and Evaluating the Effect of Organic Matters on Clayey and Silty Soil Stiffness Properties


Construction of building and other civil engineering structures on weak or soft soil is highly risky because such soil is susceptible to differential settlements, poor shear strength, and high compressibility.Organic soils are difficult to deal with due to their particular characteristics such as high compressibility and poor strength and, as a consequence, criteria based on common mineral soils may not generally be applied to them. The objective of this research is to investigate and assess adding different percentages of organic matters on soil stiffness, from laboratory experimental work, and to investigate the effectiveness of animal disposals and plants pieces (leaves) ontwo soil types.Hence, in the present research, mixed organic materials have been used, and it was randomly included in to the soil at four different percentages of organic content, i.e. 5, 10, 15, and 20% by the weight of two main raw, silty soil and clayey soil. The research revealed from the laboratory tests that when organic mattersincreased the stiffness of both clayey and silty soil were reduced, and the reduction were from 16.5% to about 61% with 5 and 20% adding percentage of organic matter respectively. While the liquidity and plasticity increased from the reference soil (without organic materials) as well as the swelling index increasing for the two types of tested soils. Moreover the research indicates the percentage of organic contents played an important role in the development of the vertical displacement of the clayey and silty soil under loading.