Cinnamic acid activity towards Trichlorfon pesticide and liver function enzymes in rat.


The study was carried out to determine hepatotoxicity and hepatoprotcetive effects for cinnamic acid in comparison with vitamin C against the mutagenic pesticide influence of trichlorfon ,which is a chemical compound that damage hepatic cells and has mutagenic effects .The effect was studied in mammalian system invitro depended on evaluating the enzymatic activity of three hepatic enzymes: Alanine Transaminase(ALT),Aspartate Transaminase (AST),Alkaline Phosphate (ALP).Two concentration of pure cinnamic acid (60 ,30) mg/kg were evaluated to chose the suitable concentration which remembered the negative control. In order to used in the interaction experiments, included two types to treatments pre-trichlorfon and post-trichlorfon in order to determine the mechanisms of the pure cinnamic acid showed no toxic and hepatotoxicity influence in biological system and instead it showed highly performance in preventing or reducing the hepatotoxicity of trichlorfon.Cinnamic acid increased the ALT,AST and ALP enzymes with nutral levels especially in dose 30 mg/kg .The positive effect was higher were pure cinnamic acid was used as post-trichlorfon treatments and to less extent in pre-trichlorfon treatments, therefore , cinnamic acid can be considered as a cure hepatocytes from acute liver damage at first degree and responsible at the second degree as a cardiac ,skeletal muscle and placental tissue protective.