Table of content

Journal of Surra Man Raa

مجلة سر من رأى

ISSN: 18136798
Publisher: university of samarra
Faculty:
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Magazine is issued by the faculty of education- university of Samarra. The first issue Was published in 2005 .its quarterly. Four issues a year a dditional publications could be issued in cae of necessiry . its monolingual.

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E-mail: journal.of.surmanraa@gmail.com
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Table of content: 2019 volume:15 issue:60

Article
حُكْمُ تَحْدِيدِ العُمُوْلاتِ المصْرِفِيَّةِ في القُرُوضِ- دراسة فقهية مقارنة-

Authors: رفعت خلف حسين
Pages: 3-30
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Abstract

The idea of this research is based on the statement of the Shari'ah ruling of the commissions taken by the banks from the citizens when lending them to them, and the statement of the adjustment of the jurisprudence of these commissions, where contemporary scholars are likely to take the fare on the expenses incurred by the bank for the sake of the loan is permissible, but the legal controls agreed upon by the jurisprudential councils The cost of non-performing loans, and the cost of non-performing loans. It is also required that the expense on the loan be taken once, and not repeated, unless expenditure or service is repeated. The commission shall be Helmet uniform for the loan not be a percentage, not a lump sum, lump sum or Fees imposed on loans if you take this way of usury is forbidden in Islam.

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Article
القيم الأخلاقية للمهن في المنظور الإسلامي

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Abstract

The message of Islam is a moral message to all people and to all their races and colors. The work is a means of building and civilized progress of nations and peoples in the past and the present, and the work and the halal gain are a duty of every capable person who can work and the most important means of achieving the honor and the strength of our nation lies in the strength of its economy. That means and purpose that brings back our nation's wealth. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) respects the professionals and estimated them There is clear evidence of the honor of the profession, knowing that the profession of science and education is a lofty profession and depends on qualifications that need special abilities, and that they raise generations and adopt the thought, and for this must be the work done by the Muslim project is not prohibited. Also, the worker should not be scorned or underestimated, ridiculed or disrespectful, because this leads to a break in the morale of the worker.

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Article
من أخلاقيات الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم في الحروب

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Abstract

Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) has dealt with the daily updating reality of his time with the highest standards of morality and mature awareness. This made him be a perfect example to follow, and the ever best messenger to deliver the word of Allah to unlimited horizons and no borders, which made his message be globally marked within about a quarter of a century only. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was verily of great moral character- Verily, his character was the Quran. Actually, the teachings and values of Islam as a religion have all been embodied by his noble character.

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Article
أثرُ المؤَدِّبِيْنَ فِي نَسَقِ القَصِيْدَةِ العَرَبِيَّةِ في الأنْدلسُ

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Abstract

The research addresses the following issues: • Introducing the school and its status in the life of the Arab and Islamic nation. • The development of the concept of discipline and the difference of the Andalusian view of this phenomenon from the perspective of the Oriental. • The role played by teachers in the development of poetry Andalus. • The mystery of the attention of painters in poetry, especially to be a basic material for the education of the young, and discipline the sons of the caliphs and princes. • Assessment of Arabic poetry in Andalusia before and after the movement of the painters. • Putting poetic patterns in which the effect of the painters is evident. • The type of effect that was evident in the poetry by the authors whether it is directly related to the hair of a particular poet or to the direction of the sada in another environment prior to his transfer to Andalusia and the role of the adherents in both cases. In the most precise way, the participation of scholars and writers from the Orient to perform this role, such as Abu Ali al-Qali, which had the greatest impact on the revival of the spirit of ancient poetry in Andalusia, which led to the emergence of the so-called conservative new trend, which he represents in the Orient The poetry of Al-Mutanabi and Al-Ma'ary and others who restored the old spirit to his poetry. • The motives of the discipline movement to develop the layout of the Arabic poem in Andalus. • Some do not accept the rigidity of the Arabic poem during the era of the governors and the Emirate and their efforts to find alternatives to the same poet in the desire to develop his art and take advantage of the trends of new poetry in the East.

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Article
The obligation in rhetoric
الالزام في الخطابة

Authors: قيس علاوي خلف
Pages: 175-202
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Abstract

The obligation is a phenomenon that appears in poetry and prose, and the writer resorts it to increase the mastery of his work and quality may take a dimension of political, artistic or social in a few times. It is known that the graphic creativity in the Arabic language is divided into two parts: poetry and prose, although most of the efforts of researchers and scholars went to poetry, but we find that the prose with its arts and types carries many forms of beauty and is full of creativity and enjoyment as is the case of poetry, The language, the art, skill and eloquence, which is the researchers in different languages, research and study, and the statement of the past events and stages, and what is characteristic of each stage of the characteristics.

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Article
نظم الكفاية في شرح الرجل والمرأة والصبي للقاضي شهاب الدين الخويي ت693هـ (تحقيق ودراسة، ودلالة لغوية)

Authors: عفان عوف الرفاعي
Pages: 243-276
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Abstract

I have wanted the predestinations to find a manuscript of the flag of the Arabic language, and the instrument of worship and honor, and left us a scientific and copious heritage and a strong office official, self-congratulation to him, and necks to him. I find myself rushing and wanted to meet. Almighty Allah help me to find the "Systems of Adequacy", which is an article of the imam of the imams of the language of the Mosaic, which brought together the mental sciences and literary arts, namely: Judge Shahabuddin Al-Khoei. The work deals with fine particles in the description of men, women and boys, he began in the qualities of good man and his naughty qualities, as well as women and the boy took the same steps in writing his book.

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Article
Moving from a history study to a philosophy of history, moving from experiment to experience
الانتقال من دراسة التاريخ الى فلسفة التاريخ انتقال من التجربة الى الخبرة

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Abstract

There is a great overlap between the concept of time and the concept of history. Time is present before the existence of man and not the human reason for existence. Time is the thing between two periods in the past or in the future. History is things that occur within time such as birth, death or migration. We know the events based on this history with a link to past and next events. The difference between the historian and the novelist is that the novelist is not tied to time and place, and it is not necessary to have the work free of contradiction. The point at which the historian ends is the beginning for the philosopher of history in its purest and the results of the historian are the precursors of research when the philosopher of history. The process of transition from history to philosophy of history, we reached the total results, a process of transition from the embodiment of the simple and partial to macro and from partial experiments to experience. If the philosophy of history is experience, it is the wisdom and benefit we derive from the chaos of facts that have no connection between them.

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Article
الجوانب الاقتصادية والمالية في مسند الشاميين للطبراني (ت360ﻫ)

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Abstract

The important role of the shamanists in filling the gaps in Arab-Islamic history was to provide important information about the economic and financial aspects of the Arab Islamic state. The study of the life of Al-Tabarani, his scientific trips, his sheikhs, his students and his writings, and the reason for his authorship of the position of the shamids, is the mention of the narrators and their followers And its methods in the book mentioned, and the economic aspects, including permissible sales, and the shops that are forbidden, and the methods of sale and purchase, and the forbidden for itself, as indicated various economic transactions, and financial resources; It had a significant impact Ahamyin narrators in the Arab Islamic intellectual movement by providing them with a lot of information, in particular that omitted mention of other sources.

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Article
اثر استــراتيجية المتـشـابـهات فـــي تنمــية التفكيــر المركب لدى طــلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط فـــي مــادة قــواعد اللغة العربــية

Authors: معد صالح فـــياض
Pages: 353-402
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Abstract

The present research aims to identify the effect of the strategy of the similarities in the development of composite thinking among the second grade students in the field of geography. The partial experimental design of the experimental and control groups was selected. The number of students in the study sample was 60 students. They were divided into two experimental groups and 30 students in each group. The students studied the experimental group according to the strategy of similarities, while the students of the control group studied according to the usual method. Students of the experimental and control groups were rewarded with variables: (intelligence and age in months, previous student achievement in geography in the intermediate grade in geography, composite thinking test as well as parental achievement( . A test of composite thinking was prepared (30). A vertex test was carried out. The validity of the test was verified by presenting it to experts and arbitrators in the field of pedagogy and teaching method). Nine a daily teaching plan for the experimental group and the same for the control group. The teaching plans of the experimental group were organized according to the strategic steps of the similarities and the teaching plans of the control group according to the usual method .The experiment was applied in the first semester of the academic year (2017-2018). Data were statistically treated by using t-test for independent and interrelated samples. The results showed that the experimental group was better than the peers in the control group, which was studied in the usual way in the composite thinking test. The research reached several recommendations, suggestions.

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Article
استخدام بعض أساليب التعليم الإلكتروني لتدريس موضوعات مختارة من كتاب الحاسوب لطلبة كلية التربية الرياضية

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The purpose of this research is to identify the effect of using some E-learning methods to teach selected topics from the computer book on the achievement of students of the Faculty of Physical Education. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher designed electronic learning software to teach selected subjects from computer book to students of Physical Education Faculty. (50) students from the Faculty of Physical Education, the first stage in the University of Samarra, were divided into two groups, one experimental (25) students studied selected topics from the computer book (25) students studied the same subjects from the computer book in the usual and traditional methods, and in light of the general objectives and procedural, and the educational content of the educational program, the researcher built a test of achievement consists of (40) paragraph of the multiple choice questions and the questions of health and errors. The test was applied perceptively and periodically to the research sample. The research was conducted during the second semester of the academic year (2014-2015). The validity of the research hypotheses was verified by analyzing the data using (T-test) of the two independent groups (control group and experimental group). The research concludes the following main results: - There are statistically significant differences at (0.05) between the average score of the control group students (studied in the usual and traditional methods) and the mean scores of the experimental group (studied using some E-learning methods). - The researcher concludes the research with a number of recommendations and proposals.


Article
الاستدلال الحدسي لدى طلبة جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The present study dealt with the subject of intuition in the students of the University of Tikrit where the sample of the research was the university students as a research society for the academic year 2017_2018. The sample was 120 students with 60 students and 60 students for 30 scientific studies and 30 for humanitarian studies. The researcher adopted the Nurnizian standard for the concept of intuition in 2002 as the most suitable with the Iraqi environment. The variable fields were determined. The sample was 30 students from four colleges. The results show that there is an intuitively biased in males and females. It also shows the superiority of students in the sciences of scientific students sections in the human sections in the ability to infer intuition.

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Article
اعتماد برنامج تدريبي مقترح لتمكين أداء مدرسي علم الجمال في معاهد الفنون الجميلة

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Abstract

1. The teachers of aesthetics in the institutes of fine arts are among the most important teachers by virtue of the nature of the technical material which is the heart beating in the body of the institutes of fine arts, which feed students the basic material that includes the scientific and technical contents of the institutes, the research, and to improve the performance of teachers In the light of their professional competencies, the breed is the one who enhances their scientific material and deepens their scientific contents. 2. The aim of the recipient is to provide more cognitive skills and technical expertise that increase their psychological need for some aesthetic experience given to them by the teachers of the aesthetics. 3. The article is one of the most important vocabulary prepared by the Ministry of Education in the concepts of study in the institutes of fine arts in the Republic of Iraq. 4. To establish aesthetic culture in teaching practices and to make them an integral part of the professional balance that helps the competent teacher to make his teaching effective so as to ensure the achievement of the ultimate goal of the successive lectures project capable of providing the creative knowledge and response required to enable the advanced collection of aesthetics To increase the mental abilities and ensure the wishes of students receiving and intensifying their needs towards the desired educational thrill. The current research aims to: 1. Adopting a proposed training program to enable the performance of aesthetics teachers in the institutes of fine arts. 2. Identify the professional competencies needed to enable that performance in defining terms and then define: program, performance, in-service training, adequacy, and teaching. The definition of competencies is procedural: it is the basic skills that the teacher should master, and must show these competencies through the behavior of the teacher and the achievements of the student. The second part covered the theoretical framework that included the literature of the program. The objectives of the proposed training program are to adopt the procedures of honesty and consistency of the research tool, the contents of the program, the identification of training needs, educational and behavioral goals, and professional competencies on the time of the basic teaching cases. In the fourth section came the conclusions of research, recommendations, proposals and sources of Arab and foreign research.

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Article
دور الإخبار في الكشف عن الجرائم

Authors: رنا لطيف جاسم
Pages: 573-600
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The interest is the wisdom of criminalization, which is the standard used by the legislator in the stages of rationing and application. Therefore, the interest is a magic word. It is a social phenomenon that strikes the societies wherever it is, and a visa to build a modern state has its place in the world of peace and peace. And since the criminal action is the starting point in the criminal case and that there are many means to move the criminal case and the interest of the community to be supported by these means, including the news of the crimes where the importance of news in the disclosure of crimes by expanding the circle of news about where not limited to The crime has been extended by the legislature to include the social body in its institutions and departments because crime requires a joint effort to provide protection to society. It is in the interest of society that has made the legislator waive his right to punishment and give the perpetrators an opportunity to self-review and engage In the society again before taking the crime in its early stages as there are many advantages that the legislator considered to achieve from this waiver, and the most important questions raised by the subject of the research is the meaning of the news and the comparison between him and other systems that are similar with him and then what are the guarantees Which is surrounded by legislator news in order to play its role as a means to move the criminal case and finally what is the reason why the legislator waives punishment when reporting the crimes these are the main questions raised by the subject of the research, which we hope to stand a serious pause in order to communicate to a logical answer to it and through An analytical study what comes in the views of scholars and the texts of the Iraqi legislation in force.

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Article
السلوك القيادي و الاداري لرؤساء الاقسام العلمية وعلاقته بالرضا الوظيفي للتدريسيين

Authors: كاظم علي احمد
Pages: 601-642
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The leadership behavior of the heads of scientific departments and the relationship of job satisfaction of teachers The current research aims at building a measure of the leadership behavior of the heads of the scientific departments and building the job satisfaction measure for the teachers of the scientific departments. The research aims to identify the level of leadership behavior of the heads of the scientific departments and the level of professional satisfaction of the teachers and the relationship between them. The total research consists of (1825) teaching (898) in the humanities colleges and (917) teaching in the scientific colleges. The researcher adopted a random class sample and all the same colleges of the university with 50% (10) faculties (5) (120), the researcher makes two tools for the first measure of leadership behavior and the second measure of satisfaction of the job and was extracted honesty and strength of excellence and consistency for them The research finds that the leadership behavior of the heads of scientific departments enjoy a good level and the same level of job satisfaction and there is a positive relationship between these two variables.

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Article
الشجاعة الرياضية وعلاقتها في نتائج مباريات دوري الجامعة التكنولوجبة بكرة القدم

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The importance of the paper lays in finding the courage percentage that has to be existed in every player, to help the coach choosing the players and set plans according to the match data. The research problem was presented through asking the question of "to what does extent the players' sport courage effect positively on the football teams matches results?" The research objectives are identifying the level of sport courage of the participated players in University of Technology Football League and identify the relationship between the sport courage and the matches results in the University League. For hypotheses of the research, there were differences of statistic aspect in the degree of sport courage among players of football team participating in the University of Technology League. There is a connection between sport courage and the results of the participating teams. The researcher used descriptive approach as it is suitable for the research. The research sample included (160) players, from all scientific departments, from the teams participated in the University League for the Season 2018-2019. The researcher ended up with conclusions that the results of the teams that were at the first places of the league are better that the other teams results in sports courage scale wise. The recommendations the researcher put were that it is important to focus on the emotional preparation for the players through training and focuses on conducting psychological tests on the football players through training sessions, as this will contribute in prior detecting of the special aspects of the players' personalities. It is necessary to adopt the sport courage scale during the training season as it affect greatly in decision making in crucial circumstances.


Article
How the Idea of the Veil is Intertwined with the Quest of Identity in Persepolis

Authors: Ihsan Mudhar Mahmood
Pages: 711-3-24
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Abstract

تناولت الدراسة الحالية مفهوم الاستشراق الذي قدم من قبل سعيد سنة 1978. أن هذه لدراسة لم تركز فقط على حوادث الشر، لكنها ركزت حول البحث والسعي وراء الهوية من خلال جهود ساترابي، الذي اكد على ان الهوية تتمثل في بعدين: البحث وراء الهوية بشكل عام وعلى الهوية الوطنية لايران في ظل مفهوم الاستشراق. فقد عكس هذا الباحث الهوية الايرانية المعكوسة من خلال الافكار الغربية هذا من جانب. أما من الجانب الاخر فأن البحث قد تعامل مع مفهوم التنافس في صراح الافكار واية جهة هي المتفوقة في طرح الافكار التي يتقبلها المجتمع وهذه الفكرة قد طرحت من قبل كيرير عام 1995. في ضوء هذه الفكرة، فقد برهن الباحث بأن ساترابي قد أكد على الثقافة الغربية كيف تمثل وماهي انعكاستها من خلال المرةة الشرقية. أن فكرة الحجا وتأييرة على البحث والسعي وراء الهوية قد تجسد بكل تام من خلال أبحاث ساترابي واساليبه. أما الاسلو الاول في الكتابة الذي استخدم في هذه الرسالة فهو الروايات ذات الوصف الحس والمفصل والتي تتمثل من خلال الصور الرمزية واما الطريقة الثانية التي استخدمت في هذه الروايات فهي الصور الرمزية. واجاد الكاتب في هذه الطرق من خلال سرد لرحلته بين اطفال ايران حيث جسد اساليبه وتقنياته في الكتابة والوصف الواضح الحي والمفصل.

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Article
MAN IS ICONIZED THROUGH HIS SUPER ACTION THE CORE IDEA IN THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA
تعظيم الإنسان من خلال إعماله الجبارة:المحور الرئيسي في رواية الشيخ والبحر

Authors: KHATAB MOHAMMED AHMAD
Pages: 713-25-42
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تبدأ الدراسة الحالية بمفهوم الوجودية مع خلفية أدبية تاريخية في أوائل القرن التاسع عشر ، وهي فلسفة حقيقية تركز على الفردانية للبطل من خلال رواية الشيخ والبحر. وتتناول الدراسة أيضًا سانتياغو، بصفته الشخصية الفردية التي تتعارض مع المجتمع والطبيعة ، مما يجعله قادرًا على التغلب على الإحباط وإزالة القيود التي يفرضها القدر والمجتمع. وحل هذا الصراع يجعل سانتياغو محترما من المجتمع وشعبه بغض النظر عن معيشته بعيدا عن المجتمع. ويؤكد البحث أنه على الرغم من القتال مع الطبيعة ، والصراع ، والعزلة ، وحرية الاختيار تمكنه من إثبات أنه لم يفقد الأمل في صيد سمكة صعبة في وسط البحر. إنه يثبت أن كل هذه العوائق تساعده فعليًا على النجاة ويكون ناجحًا في سعيه. تبحث الدراسة من خلال التحليل ، بطل الرواية كشخصية فردية في الرواية تكافح لإثبات وجوده. كما أنه يتعامل مع ملامح الوجودية وقيمها.

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Table of content: volume:15 issue:60