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Basrah Journal for Engineering Science

مجلة البصرة للعلوم الهندسية

ISSN: Print: 18146120; Online: 23118385
Publisher: Basrah University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Basrah Journal for Engineering Science (BJES) is an open access, peer-reviewed bi-annually journal (two issues per year) that aims at the publication of original research papers on the latest developments and techniques in the variety fields of Engineering science and their applications to the real world. The BJES is the Official journal of the Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research issued by the College of Engineering, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq. The Submitted papers should be written in English, and all submissions should be made through the on line EDAS system. Papers may be theoretical (including computational), experimental or both. The contribution should be unpublished before and not consideration for publication elsewhere. BJES maintains a standard double-blind peer review process, which means that the identities of the authors and the reviewers are not known to each other. BJES is an Open Access Journal, which supports the rights of users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles provided they are properly acknowledged by cited.

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Contact info

Address: Engineering College , University of Basrah ,Basrah, Iraq
P.O.Box: 801
Fax: 0188696
E-mail: bjes_editor@yahoo.com
Mobile No.: 07801419901

Table of content: 2019 volume:19 issue:2

Article
Numerical Modeling for Novel Solar Air Heater Utilizing Wax Paraffin-PCM

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Abstract

A mathematical model to analysis three–dimensional forced convection turbulent flow in a novel solar air heater integrated with multiple rectangular capsules filled by paraffin wax-based on phase change material PCM was implemented. The investigations were performed under three airflow speed of (0.6, 1.2, and 1.8) kg/min and average solar flux of 625 W/m2. The results revealed that the delaying melting time and also lower the melting temperature of PCM by increasing airflow speed during the charging process. As well as, the freezing period is dependent on the airflow speed by inverse relation. Also, the data results represent that the useful energy rate and thermal storage efficiency were a strong dependence on the airflow speed. Moreover, it can be detected that the optimal freezing time and the air temperature rise of the heater were reached about 210 minutes with (12 – 1.5 °C), 150 minutes with (7.5 – 1.4°C), and 120 minutes with (5.5 – 1.5 °C), at airflow speed of 0.6, 1.2, and 1.8 kg/min, respectively, which can be used at night to supply some applications by thermal energy such as heating buildings and drying agricultural crops.


Article
Adaptive Fuzzy Super – Twisting Sliding Mode Controller optimized by ABC for Vehicle Suspension System

Authors: Turki Y. Abdalla --- Atheel K. Abdulzahra
Pages: 9-17
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Abstract

In this paper, a second order Sliding Mode Controller (SMC), based on Super – Twisting algorithm, Fuzzy estimator and PID controller is presented for quarter vehicle active suspensions. Because of the chattering that appeared at the output of the system when using first order SMC, second order SMC is preferred. The proposed controller has been derived in order to achieve the convergence and the stability of the system that can improve the comfortable driving and vehicles safety against different road disturbances. The Artificial Bee Colony optimization method has been utilized to find the optimal values of the proposed controller parameters. The obtained results of the simulations have been verified the efficiency and the ability of the proposed control scheme to suppress the oscillations and give the stability of the suspension system in the presence of uncertainty and different road disturbances.


Article
A Modified Approach for Torsional Vibration Analysis of Some Rotor Systems Using Holzer and Matlab GUI Techniques

Authors: Duna Tariq Yaseen --- Ameen Ahmed Nassar
Pages: 18-26
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Abstract

A modified approach for the analysis of torsional vibrations in some rotor systems using modified Holzer and Matlab techniques, by building a graphical user interface (GUI), has been developed. The specific objective of this work is to illustrate the applicability and usefulness of the modified approach and the Matlab GUI in analyzing the effects of torsional vibration on some well known rotor systems such as two, three, and five rotor systems. Well Known problems in the field of torsional vibration were analyze. The results illustrate that the developed approach and the GUI are very useful tools for engineers, designers, and analysts of vibration problems in rotor systems.

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Article
Evaluation and Optimization of Composite Thermal Insulators from Waste Materials

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Abstract

The present work includes a study on the effect of loading rubber waste into cement mortar on the thermal and mechanical properties of a thermal insulator.The experimental work of the study included the preparation of ten models of 35 mm diameter and 5 mm thickness. Portland cement and natural sand were used as a matrix and rubber waste (extracted from the consumed tires) as a filler was added in weight percentages ( 5% ,10% ,15% ,20% ,25% ,30% ,35% ,40%,45% and 50%). Water was also used as a binder.Also, the experimental work included conducting a thermal conductivity test using Lee’s Disk method, and a hardness test using the Shore scale. The theoretical side included extraction of empirical equations, depending on the experimental results. The thermal conductivity equation was for two variables, temperature and mass fraction. While the hardness equation was for one variable, mass fraction. Theoretically determined heat capacity was extracted using the equations of the composites. Based on the empirical equations of thermal conductivity and hardness and using the technique of multi-objectives genetic algorithm, the optimum values of temperature and mass fraction were extracted, which achieve the best thermal insulation of the mortar. The results showed a significant decrease in thermal conductivity. The reduction in thermal conductivity was (90.3%) at 5% and reduced to (95.73%) at 50%. The specific heat capacity was increasing as the percentage of rubber waste increase. The results also indicated a decrease in hardness. The optimal value of thermal insulation was (0.02658 W/m2.ºC ) as a thermal conductivity and (58.07 N/m2) as a hardness, at temperature (50°C) and mass fraction (27.764%) of rubber waste. Index Terms— rubber wastes ,empirical data , genetic algorithm. I. INTRODUCTION Solid waste is one of the most dangerous pollutants


Article
Revision Study of Green Concrete

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Abstract

It is very crucial to minimize the environmental impact that induced from the development of industry, by applying strict policies and innovate eco-friendly industries. Indeed, construction manufacture considered as one of the most industries that affect the environment, especially concrete production and usage in structural buildings. For instance, traditional concrete, which is consists of a high amount of cement, is contributed to the emission of CO2. Therefore, researchers seeking to develop a new technology of concrete by replacement some amount of cement by materials which are considered to become more friendly to the environment. Nowadays, this new technology is known as Green Concrete. The importance of using green concrete is not only to decrease the emission amounts of CO2 but also to replace cement by industrial waste. In this paper, a review has been presented to understand green concrete benefits and materials that may be used instead of cement and aggregate.


Article
Polygon Shape Formation for Multi-Mobile Robots in a Local Knowledge Environment

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Abstract

The formation is an important task in multi-mobile robots coordination in a defined environment. In a local knowledge environment the multi-mobile robot formations are realized using small robots with minor hardware requirements. The localization, path planning and obstacle avoidance processes are required to perform formation. In this paper a static strategy for polygon shape formation is implemented using a several number of mobile robots. This strategy has a better efficiency, since it use the cluster matching algorithm instead of the triangulation algorithm in completing the formation. Also, the visibility binary tree algorithm and the reciprocal orientation algorithm are used in this paper. This strategy has better performance in the multi-robot formation, since it use the cluster matching algorithm instead of the triangulation algorithm.

Table of content: volume:19 issue:2