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Engineering and Technology Journal

مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا

ISSN: 16816900 24120758
Publisher: University of Technology
Faculty: Presidency of the university or centers
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access


The Journal aims to disseminate knowledge in the fields of Engineering, Technology and Sciences .All the researches will submit to the scientific evaluation procedures of publishing and documentation. The journal under takes only the publishing of the new researches that had not been published previously on other journals or debated in conferences.

The Instructions of Submitting The Research to Scientific Evaluation:
a- The research should be Submitted in 4 copies in Arabic or English Languages, auther's name should be eliminated from 2 copies only. The abstract should be typed on the front page not exceeding (150 words) in both Arabic and English on size (A4) sheet. Pages should be numbered and not more than (15) page.
b- The researcher should fill a declaration form which states that he doesn't publish the research during the evaluation period. He must give his full address phone number and e-mail.

Firstly- The author should pay a fee of (ID55000) when he submits the research and a fee of (ID55000) when the research is accepted .These fees are obligatory for all. The sum cannot be reimbursed in any case.
Secondly- The annual subscription in the journal inside Iraq is ID250000) Iraqi dinar, and outside Iraq is (us $250) abroad.
Engineering and Technology Journal
Publication Ethics
The publication of science and technology include thorough, methodical and complete processes by publishers and editors which have to be handled efficiently and proficiently. To sustain high ethical values of publication, publishers attempt to work intimately at all times with editors, authors, and peer-reviewers. The ethics statement for the Engineering & Technology Journal is based on those issued by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct guidelines available at The basic publishing ethics involved in the publishing process can be summarized as follows:

Reviewers’ Responsibilities
The responsibilities of the reviewers can be identified as:
• To provide a detailed, effective, and unbiased evaluation in promptly on the scientific content of the work.
• To indicate whether the writing is relevant, brief and clear and evaluating the originality and scientific accuracy of the submitted paper.
• To maintain the confidentiality of the complete review process.
• To inform the journal editor about any financial or personal conflict of interest and reject to review the manuscript when a possibility of such a conflict exists.
• To inform the journal editor of any ethical concerns in their evaluation of submitted manuscripts; such as any violation of ethical treatment of animal or human subjects or any considerable similarity between the previously published article and any reviewed manuscript.

Authors’ Responsibilities
The responsibilities of the authors can be described as:
• To assure that all the work reported in the manuscript must be original and free from any plagiarism.
• To make confident that the submitted work should not have been published elsewhere or submitted to any other journal(s) at the same time.
• To explicitly acknowledge any potential conflict of interest.
• The author(s) must give proper acknowledgments to other work reported (individual/company/institution). Permission must be obtained from any content used from other sources.
• It is important to note that only those who have made any substantial contribution to the interpretation or composition of the submitted work should be listed as ‘Authors’. On the other hand, other contributors should be mentioned as ‘co-authors’.

Publishers’ Responsibilities
The responsibilities of the Engineering & Technology Journal can be defined as:
• Engineering & Technology Journal is committed to working with journal editors, defining clearly their relevant roles, in order to ensure appropriate decisions regarding publication procedures and maintaining the transparency of editorial decisions.
• Engineering & Technology Journal guarantees the integrity autonomy and originality of each published article concerning:
o publication and research funding
o publication ethics and integrity
o conflicts of interest
o confidentiality
o authorship
o article modifications
o timely release of content.

Scientific Refereed Journal Issued by University of Technology, IRAQ

The following assignment of copyright, executed and signed by the Author, is required with each manuscript submission. If the article is a “work made for hire”, the employer must sign it. The Author warrants that he/she has full power to make this agreement on behalf of himself and all his co-authors.
To the extent transferable, copyright in and of the undersigned, Author’s article titled:
************************************************************************by: *************************************************Reference ID: ******* submitted to the Engineering and Technology Journal is hereby assigned for publication.
In consideration of the acceptance of the Article for publication, the Author assigns to the Journal with full title guarantee, all copyrights, rights in the nature of copyright, and all other intellectual property rights in the Article throughout the world (present and future, and including all renewals, extensions, revivals, restorations and accrued rights of action).
The Author represents that he is the author and proprietor of this Article and that this Article has not heretofore been published in any form. The Author warrants that he has obtained written permission and paid all fees for use of any literary or illustration material for which rights are held by others. The Author agrees to hold the Editor(s)/Publisher harmless against any suit, demand, claim or recovery, finally sustained, by reason of any violation of proprietary right or copyright, or any unlawful matter contained in this article:

Signature: Date:
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Contact info

جمهورية العراق –بغداد
الجامعة التكنولوجية- مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا- ص.ب. 35010
Journal website:
Republic of Iraq, Baghdad
University of Technology, Engineering & Technology Journal.


Google Scholar Citations:

Table of content: 2019 volume:37 issue:4part (A) Engineering

Study the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of High Chromium White Cast Iron (HCWCI) under Different Martempering Quenching Mediums.

Authors: Ali H. Ataiwi --- Zainab A. Betti
Pages: 112-119

This study aims to find the effect of hydroxide mixture as a quenching medium in martempering heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of high chromium white cast iron. This mixture is cheaper and more available than the ordinary nitrate mixture in Iraqi markets. High chromium white cast iron is used in mining, crushing and cement plants as mill liners and it is subjected to extreme conditions of wear and impact that cause failure, reduction in life and raise the cost of repairing. Hence it is important to improve its mechanical properties. In this study, two types of quenching mediums were used:(50% NaOH: 50% KOH ) mixture and (50% NaNO3 + 50 % KNO3) mixture. The specimens were austenitized at 950°C for 1 hr then the first group was quenched in nitrate mixture, and the other was quenched in hydroxide mixture both at about 350°C for (1/2, 2,4,6,8) hr. The results showed an increase in hardness and decrease in toughness for both mixtures, and the higher hardness value was found for both of the mixtures at martempering temperature 350°C for 4hr quenching time.

Development the Physical Properties of Polymeric Blend (SR/ PMMA) by Adding various Types of Nanoparticles, Used for Maxillofacial Prosthesis Applications

Authors: Sihama I. Salih --- Jawad K. Oleiwi
Pages: 120-127

As maxillofacial defects increased due to cancer; it became necessary to select high-quality prosthetic materials in this field. Silicone rubber is widely used in damaged maxillofacial affected areas replacement surgery as bio material. The aim of this research, prepared a nano composites materials, from polymer blend (silicone rubber: 5% PMMA) reinforced by different types of nano-powders; pomegranate Peels Powder (PPP), Seeds powder of dates Ajwa (SPDA) and TiO2 nano-powders with loading level (0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4%). Some physical properties such as density, water absorption, and Thermo-Physical test, FTIR analysis, as well as, FTIR, antibacterial tests were done on prepared samples. The results showed that the composites material based of polymer blend with optimum percent are of 0.2% of pomegranate Peels Powder (PPP), 0.3% of Seeds powder of dates Ajwa (SPDA) and 0.1% of TiO2 nano-powders that have ideal characteristic. Also for antibacterial tests, polymeric blend composites with optimum percent of this nano-powders show that more antibacterial efficiency against S.aureus bacteria than E.coli bacteria.

Experimental Study of 3D Printing Density Effects on the Mechanical Properties of the Carbon-Fiber and Polylactic Acid Specimens

Authors: Wafa A. Soud --- Ihsan A. Baqer --- Mohammed R. Ahmed
Pages: 128-132

Two 3D printed materials (Polylactic Acid and Carbon fiber) with variable printing density have been investigated due to their practical uses in engineering utilization. The effect of printing density composites was studied by the tensile test. The used materials stress-strain curves were analyzed to find modulus of elasticity and the ultimate tensile strength of the mentioned materials. The results manifested that carbon fiber has the highest strength - weight ratio. On the other hand, the carbon fiber showed more ductility than the Polylactic Acid. The results of this work will be aiding the researchers or engineering students to decide which material is suitable for 3D printing applications.

The Extraction of Alumina from Kaolin

Authors: Alaa H. Ali --- Mohammed H. AL-Taie
Pages: 133-139

Alumina has wide industrial and technological applications that can be extracted from different locations, different methods and materials. Kaolin from Iraq Alduikhla astrologer has used as a raw material source for alumina production. The alumina concentration in the Iraqi kaolin is more than 34% which considered as a good replacement for bauxite rack. Crushing andground is the first process to reduce the kaolin particle size to the micron level which increases the surface area of kaolin. The kaolin is heat treated at different temperatures (600, 650, 700 and 750) ̊C for 2 hours to remove some of ithe mpurity like organic materials and crystal water before acid treatment. A different concentration of hydrochloric acid (pH) (0.45, 0.5, 0.55, 0.6 and 0.65) has used for extraction of alumina from kaolin. The reaction between the hydrochloric acid and kaolin has studied at different temperature (30, 60 and 90) ̊C. The extraction of alumina has decreased with increase t inhe reaction temperature. Finally t,,he alumina extraction by this method has characterized using XRD and XRF to investigation the crystal structure and the amount of impurities presented there. The final extracted alumina h isaving cubic crystal structure (γ alumina) with purity above 95%.

Mapping LCLU Using Python Scripting

Authors: Noor E. Sadiqe --- Khalid I. Hasoon --- Oday Z. Jasim
Pages: 140-147

Land cover land use changes constantly with the time at local, regional, and global scales, therefore, remote sensing provides wide, and broad information for quantifying the location, extent, and variability of change; the reason and processes of change; and the responses to and consequences of change. And considering to the importance of mapping of (LCLU). For that reason this study will focus on the problems arising from the traditional classification (LCLU) that based on spatial resolution only which leads to prediction a thematic map with noisy classes, and using a new method that depend on spectral and spatial resolution to produce an acceptable classification and producing a thematic map with an acceptable database by using artificial neural network (ANN) and python in additional to other program. In this study the methods of classification were studied through using two images for the same study area , rapid eye image which has three spectral bands with high spatial resolution(5m) and Landsat 8 image (high spectral resolution with eight bands), also several programs like ENVI version 5.1, Arc GIS version 10.3, Python 3, and GPS. The result for this research was sensuousness as geometrics accuracy accepted in map production

Table of content: volume:37 issue:4part (A) Engineering