Table of content

Mesopotamia Environmental Journal

بيئة وادي الرافدين

ISSN: 24102598
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Environmental research and studies center
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

Mesopotamia Environmental Journal (Mesop. Environ. J.) is a peer-reviewed journal. All papers suitable for the Journal will be reviewed by at least two reviewers. The Journal is published quarterly. There is not any definite timeline for manuscript submission, and your paper (s) is always welcome. The Journal only accepts papers in English. Submission of a manuscript implies that the work has not been published before and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, Mesopotamia Environmental Journal is an International, professional, peer-reviewed Journal. It is regularly published quarterly in English by Environment Research Center, University of Babylon, Iraq. Its mission is to provide an interactive plenary forum for discussion and debates about pressing and current environmental issues.

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Contact info

oar.10me@yahoo.com (admin)


mej.env@uobabylon.edu.iq (Journal email)
bumej10@gmail.com (Journal email)

http://www.bumej.com/


Table of content: 2016 volume:3 issue:1

Article
Activity of cynophyta algal extracts (Anabaena azolla) against some species of fungi in local habitats

Authors: Jasim M. Salman --- Mays M. Weber
Pages: 1-9
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Abstract

This study was done to indicate the activity of secondary metabolites of cyanophyta algal extracts for Anabaena azolla which isolate from one of running water system in Hilla city nearby Babylon university campus and development in BG11 medium to study the effective of secondary metabolites in An.azolla extracts (cold water, hot water, acetone and ethanol extracts) to inhibition two species of fungi (Fusarium oxysporum and Penecillium expansum) also used of HPLC and FT-IR analysis to detected some of active secondary metabolites was done only for acetone and ethanol extracts also to preliminary statements that used of four extracts of blue green alga Anabaena azolla. The role of An.azolla extracts to inhibition growth of these fungi was detected through measured diameter and percentage of inhibition zone which was increased with concentrations and the results showed these extracts had high correlation ratio and fungi shows high sensitivity to these extract. The mode of mechanism action to inhibition was on fungi cell wall by inhibition active enzymes, excelled treatment for cold water extract . The most important active compounds had been detected in HPLC and FT-IR were phenolic compounds which consists of (Tannic acid, Gallic acid and Coummarin) and flavonoids compounds consists of (Kaempherol and Quercetin) these all compounds detected specially in acetone extract of An.azolla , also to introductory statements which were detected six of active groups in extracts like (Terpens, glycosides, saponins, alkaloids, phenols and flavonoids) .


Article
Phytoremediation of soil polluted with Iraqi crude oil by using of cotton plant

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Abstract

Remediation technology is an effective way to reduce pollutant like hydrocarbons from the environment. An experimental work was conducted at green house of University of Technology in order to investigate the impact of crude oil on the development of plant and to study and measure shoot height, germination rate and the reduction of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH), which result, by thy phytoremediation technology. Soil specimen were measured for TPH reduction and removal by Horiba model OCMA – 350. Five doses was used in this experiment (0% control, 10%, 30%, 50%, 75%) mg crude oil / kg soil. The maximum efficiency was obtained in treatment 50% seeded with cotton, in which cotton removed 72% of the primary TPHs from soil . Results showed that the studied plant species were promising and effective in reducing and removing TPHs from polluted fresh soil.


Article
Biochemical responses of Romanian Calendula officinalis L. under salinity stress

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Abstract

Total flavonoids and polyphenols content, and pigment amount under salt stress were analyzed in Calendula officinal is L. seedlings after 24 days of treatment with different salt combination, including NaCl, CaCl2,and MgCl2.The content of photosynthetic pigments increased according to increasing salinity concentration. Total polyphenols content generally decreased under salt stress, while flavonoids biosynthesis significantly increased almost under all salt treatments.


Article
Spatial Distribution and Partition Coefficient of Nutrient in Water and Sediment of Shatt Canal, Iraq

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Abstract

The proposed water and sediment quality of Shatt Al-Basrah was assessed by (1) using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) using Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) method for calculating nutrient concentrations of water and sediment samples, (2) evaluating Partition Coefficient (Kd) and cluster analysis for water and sediment samples. The GIS facilitates the explanations of the spatial relationships among key environmental processes. It employs spatial distribution modeling to analyze the nutrient concentrations of Nitrite as N (NO2-N), Nitrate as N (NO3-N), Ammonia as N (NH3-N), Ammonium (NH4), and Sulfate (SO4) in the water and sediment. This paper shows that the results of Partition Coefficient (Kd) is always less than 3 for all sites illustrating that the pollutants are present in liquid phase preferentially which have high solubility and are less sediment-associated.


Article
Bio declorization of Some Industerial dyes by use Pencillium expansum and Aspergillus niger

Authors: Hada Abas Mohammed
Pages: 37-44
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Abstract

This research is interested in using the two species of fungi such as Penicilliumexpansm and Aspergillusniger for Biodegradation of Safranin dye as industrial and Carcinogenic dyes,The results showed that P.expansum was the more efficient from Asp. niger in Biodegradation of the Safranin dye. The percentage of Bio decolonization about 41.035% during incubation at 120 hours, while when use Asp. nigerthe percentage of Bio decolonization was about 38.952% during same time of incubation.


Article
A study of some environmental biomarkers in fresh water clam (Unio tigridis) and fresh water crab (Sesarma boulengeri) in Hilla river

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Abstract

This study was designed to study some environmental biochemical markers such as ( MT ,GPx , CAT, AchE, ROS, SOD, Cytochrome p 450) in two species of freshwater organisms ( Clam :Unio tigrids and Crab: Sesarma boulengeri) which were collected during the study period (October 2014 to March 2015) from three sites in Hilla river, the concentration of above enzymes showed fast response of two species according to the water quality parameters fluctuation which effected by pollutants in study area .The species Sesarma boulengeri has recorded more response to the changing in water quality than another species. This study indicates that the biochemical markers different in response in aquatic organism according to water quality parameters fluctuation affected by pollution.


Article
Recent identification key to Iraqi snakes

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Abstract

Since 1959, Khalaf put up the first taxonomic key for snakes in Iraq. Until now, there are no taxonomic key for snakes in Iraq. Therefore, we have put up a new taxonomic key based on several taxonomic key from previous references  , 1959,  , Leviton et al., 1992, Mohamad, 2011, Afrasiab et al., 2013, Afrasiab and Mohamad , 2014, Amr and Disi, 2011). This keyIs a new reference for Studies and Research, where it lacks a key classification. I found new species found in Iraq such as Eryx jayakari (Boulenger, 1888), Natrix natrix (Pallas, 1814), Spalerosophis microlepis (Jan, 1865), Lytorhynchus diadema kennedyi (Schmidt, 1939), Eirenis coronelloides (Jan, 1862). Zamenis hohenackeri (Strauch, 1873), Malpolon insignitus (Geoffroyde ST- Hilaire, 1809), sub species Macrovipera lebetina obtuse (Dwinubsky, 1832), Genus: Montivipera (Nilson, Tuniyev, Andrén, Orlov, Joger & Herrmann, 1999) and sub species Montivipera raddei kurdistanica (Kucharzewski, 2011), Pseudocerastes persicus (Dumeril, Bibron & Dumerril, 1854) Walterinnesia morgani (Mocquard, 1905).

Keywords

key --- snakes --- identification --- families.

Table of content: volume:3 issue:1