Table of content

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering

المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكهربائية والالكترونية

ISSN: 18145892
Publisher: Basrah University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

Iraqi Journal for Electrical and Electronic Engineering ISSN 1814-5892 (Print), ISSN 2078-6069 (Online) is a peer-reviewed Journal that its objective is to discuss, through papers, new theoretical developments and techniques in the field of Electrical and Electronic Engineering and their application to real world problems. The journal is the official journal of the ministry of higher education in this field.

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Contact info

College of Engineering, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
P.O.Box 801
Fax: 040410574
Telephone: 413828
E-mail: editor@ijeee.edu.iq
Website: www.ijeee.edu.iq

Table of content: 2019 volume:15 issue:2

Article
Bifurcations and Chaos in Current-Driven Induction Motor

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Abstract

In this paper, a model of PI-speed control current-driven induction motor based on indirect field oriented control (IFOC) is addressed. To assess the complex dynamics of a system, different dynamical properties, such as stability of equilibrium points, bifurcation diagrams, Lyapunov exponents spectrum, and phase portraits are characterized. It is found that the induction motor model exhibits chaotic behaviors when its parameters fall into a certain region. Small variations of PI parameters and load torque affect the dynamics and stability of this electric machine. A chaotic attractor has been observed and the speed of the motor oscillates chaotically. Numerical simulation results are validating the theoretical analysis.


Article
Liquid Mixing Enhancement by PLC-Based Chaotic Dynamics Implementation

Authors: Jawad Radhi --- Fadhil Rahma --- Hamzah Abdulkareem
Pages: 10-20
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Abstract

In this paper, we present a new programmable chaotic circuit based on the dynamical chaotic system introduced by E. Lorenz. The design and realization of the model are accomplished by using a programmable logic controller (PLC). The system can be modeled and realized with a structured texted. The nonlinear differential equations of Lorenz model are solved numerically. The generated chaotic signal by using PLC is applied to a single-phase induction motor via a variable frequency drive to create a chaotic perturbation in the experiments of liquid mixing. Colorization liquid experiments shows that the generated chaotic motion effectively makes an enhancement of the mixing process in the stirred-tank mixer model in our laboratory.


Article
RP Lidar Sensor for Multi-Robot Localization using Leader Follower Algorithm

Authors: Abdulmuttalib T. Rashid --- Bayadir A. Issa
Pages: 21-32
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Abstract

In this paper, a new technique for multi-robot localization in an unknown environment, called the leader-follower localization algorithm is presented. The framework utilized here is one robot that goes about as a leader and different robots are considered as followers distributed randomly in the environment. Every robot equipped with RP lidar sensors to scan the environment and gather information about every robot. This information utilized by the leader to distinguish and confine every robot in the environment. The issue of not noticeable robots is solved by contrasting their distances with the leader. Moreover, the equivalent distance robot issue is unraveled by utilizing the permutation algorithm. Several simulation scenarios with different positions and orientations are implemented on (3-7) robots to show the performance of the introduced technique.


Article
Design and Analysis of a Single-Band Printed Rectenna Circuit at WiFi Frequency for Microwave Power Transmission

Authors: Ahmad A. Salih --- Abdulkareem S. Abdullah
Pages: 33-39
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Abstract

In this paper, a single-band printed rectenna of size (45×36) mm2 has been designed and analyzed to work at WiFi frequency of 2.4 GHz for wireless power transmission. The antenna part of this rectenna has the shape of question mark patch along with an inverted L-shape resonator and printed on FR4 substrate. The rectifier part of this rectenna is also printed on FR4 substrate and consisted of impedance matching network, AC-to-DC conversion circuit and a DC filter. The design and simulation results of this rectenna have been done with the help of CST 2018 and ADS 2017 software packages. The maximum conversion efficiency obtained by this rectenna is found as 57.141% at an input power of 2 dBm and a load of 900 Ω.


Article
Phase Swapping Load Balancing Algorithms, Comprehensive Survey

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Abstract

The power quality nowadays of the low voltage distribution system is vital for the utility and the consumer at the same time. One disturbing issue affected the quality conditions in the radial distribution system is load balancing. This survey paper is looking most the articles that deal with the phase nodal and lateral phase swapping because it is the efficient and direct method to maintain the current and voltage in balance situation, lead to a suitable reduction in the losses and preventing the wrong tripping of the protective relays.


Article
Fuzzy Logic Controller Based DVR For Power Quality Improvement under Different Power Disturbances with Non-Linear Loads

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Abstract

The power quality problems can be defined as the difference between the quality of power supplied and the quality of power required. Recently a large interest has been focused on a power quality domain due to: disturbances caused by non-linear loads and Increase in number of electronic devices. Power quality measures the fitness of the electric power transmitted from generation to industrial, domestic and commercial consumers. At least 50% of power quality problems are of voltage quality type. Voltage sag is the serious power quality issues for the electric power industry and leads to the damage of sensitive equipments like, computers, programmable logic controller (PLC), adjustable speed drives (ADS). The prime goal of this paper is to investigate the performance of the Fuzzy Logic controller based DVR in reduction the power disturbances to restore the load voltage to the nominal value and reduce the THD to a permissible value which is 5% for the system less than 69Kv. The modeling and simulation of a power distribution system have been achieved using MATLABL/Simulink. Different faults conditions and power disturbances with linear and non-linear loads are created with the proposed system, which are initiated at a duration of 0.8sec and kept till 0.95sec.


Article
An Efficient Mathematical Approach for an Indoor Robot Localization System

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Abstract

In a counterfeit clever control procedure, another productive methodology for an indoor robot localization framework is arranged. In this paper, a new mathematic calculation for the robot confinement framework utilizing light sensors is proposed. This procedure takes care of the issue of localization (position recognizing) when utilizing a grid of LEDs distributed uniformly in the environment, and a multi-portable robot outfitted with a multi-LDRs sensor and just two of them activate the visibility robot. The proposed method is utilized to assess the robot's situation by drawing two virtual circles for each two LDR sensors; one of them is valid and the other is disregarded according to several suggested equations. The midpoint of this circle is assumed to be the robot focus. The new framework is simulated on a domain with (n*n) LEDs exhibit. The simulation impact of this framework shows great execution in the localization procedure.


Article
An Optimized Complementary Filter For An Inertial Measurement Unit Contain MPU6050 Sensor

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Abstract

(It can be said that the system of sensing the tilt angle and speed of a multi-rotor copter come in the first rank among all the other sensors on the multi-rotor copters and all other planes due to its important roles for stabilization. The MPU6050 sensor is one of the most popular sensors in this field. It has an embedded 3-axis accelerometer and a 3-axis gyroscope. It is a simple sensor in dealing with it and extracting accurate data. Everything changes when this sensor is placed on the plane. It becomes very complicated to deal with it due to vibration of the motors on the multirotor copter. In this study, two main problems were diagnosed was solved that appear in most sensors when they are applied to a high-frequency vibrating environment. The first problem is how to get a precise angle of the sensor despite the presence of vibration. The second problem is how to overcome the errors that appear when the multirotor copter revolves around its vertical axis during the tilting in either direction x or y or both. The first problem was solved in two steps. The first step involves mixing data of the gyroscope sensor with the data of auxetometer sensor by a mathematical equation based on optimized complementary filter using gray wolf optimization algorithm GWO. The second step involves designing a suitable FIR filter for data. The second problem was solved by finding a non-linear mathematical relationship between the angles of the copter in both X and Y directions, and the rotation around the vertical axis of multirotor copter frame.


Article
Nonlinear Physiological Model of Insulin-Glucose Regulation System in Type 1 Diabetic Mellitus

Authors: Fadhil Rahma Tahir --- Ahmed Mohammed Ali
Pages: 78-88
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Abstract

Mathematical modeling is very effective method to investigate interaction between insulin and glucose. In this paper, a new mathematical model for insulin-glucose regulation system is introduced based on well-known Lokta-Volterra model. Chaos is a common property in complex biological systems in the previous studies. The results here are in accordance with previous ones and indicating that insulin-glucose regulating system has many dynamics in different situations. The overall result of this paper may be helpful for better understanding of diabetes mellitus regulation system including diseases such as hyperinsulinemia and Type1 DM.


Article
Design Tunable Robust Controllers for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Based on Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

Authors: Baqir Nasser Abdul- Samed --- Ammar A. Aldair
Pages: 89-100
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Abstract

PID controller is the most popular controller in many applications because of many advantages such as its high efficiency, low cost, and simple structure. But the main challenge is how the user can find the optimal values for its parameters. There are many intelligent methods are proposed to find the optimal values for the PID parameters, like neural networks, genetic algorithm, Ant colony and so on. In this work, the PID controllers are used in three different layers for generating suitable control signals for controlling the position of the UAV (x,y and z), the orientation of UAV (θ, Ø and ψ) and for the motors of the quadrotor to make it more stable and efficient for doing its mission. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is proposed in this work. The PSO algorithm is applied to tune the parameters of proposed PID controllers for the three layers to optimize the performances of the controlled system with and without existences of disturbance to show how the designed controller will be robust. The proposed controllers are used to control UAV, and the MATLAB 2018b is used to simulate the controlled system. The simulation results show that, the proposed controllers structure for the quadrotor improve the performance of the UAV and enhance its stability.


Article
Self-Organization of Multi-Robot System Based on External Stimuli

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Abstract

In modern robotic field, many challenges have been appeared, especially in case of a multi-robot system that used to achieve tasks. The challenges are due to the complexity of the multi-robot system, which make the modeling of such system more difficult. The groups of animals in real world are an inspiration for modeling of a multi-individual system such as aggregation of Artemia. Therefore, in this paper, the multi-robot control system based on external stimuli such as light has been proposed, in which the feature of tracking Artemia to the light has been employed for this purpose. The mathematical model of the proposed design is derived and then Simulated by V-rep software. Several experiments are implemented in order to evaluate the proposed design, which is divided into two scenarios. The first scenario includes simulation of the system in situation of attraction of robot to fixed light spot, while the second scenario is the simulation of the system in the situation of the robots tracking of the movable light spot and formed different patterns like a straight-line, circular, and zigzag patterns. The results of experiments appeared that the mobile robot attraction to high-intensity light, in addition, the multi-robot system can be controlled by external stimuli. Finally, the performance of the proposed system has been analyzed.


Article
Indoor Low Cost Assistive Device using 2D SLAM Based on LiDAR for Visually Impaired People

Authors: Heba Hakim --- Ali. F. Marhoon
Pages: 115-121
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Abstract

Many assistive devices have been developed for visually impaired (VI) person in recent years which solve the problems that face VI person in his/her daily moving. Most of researches try to solve the obstacle avoidance or navigation problem, and others focus on assisting VI person to recognize the objects in his/her surrounding environment. However, a few of them integrate both navigation and recognition capabilities in their system. According to above needs, an assistive device is presented in this paper that achieves both capabilities to aid the VI person to (1) navigate safely from his/her current location (pose) to a desired destination in unknown environment, and (2) recognize his/her surrounding objects. The proposed system consists of the low cost sensors Neato XV-11 LiDAR, ultrasonic sensor, Raspberry pi camera (CameraPi), which are hold on a white cane. Hector SLAM based on 2D LiDAR is used to construct a 2D-map of unfamiliar environment. While A* path planning algorithm generates an optimal path on the given 2D hector map. Moreover, the temporary obstacles in front of VI person are detected by an ultrasonic sensor. The recognition system based on Convolution Neural Networks (CNN) technique is implemented in this work to predict object class besides enhance the navigation system. The interaction between the VI person and an assistive system is done by audio module (speech recognition and speech synthesis). The proposed system performance has been evaluated on various real-time experiments conducted in indoor scenarios, showing the efficiency of the proposed system.


Article
Performance Evaluation of OFDM System with Insufficient CP Using LMS Equalizer under Harsh Multipath Conditions

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Abstract

This paper presents an insufficient cyclic prefix (CP) Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) system with equalizer whose coefficients are calculated using Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm. The OFDM signal is passed through a channel with four multipath signals which cause the OFDM signal to be under high inter-symbol interference (ISI) and inter-carrier interference (ICI).8-QAM and 16-QAM digital modulation techniques are used to evaluate the performance of the proposed system. The simulation results have accentuated the high performance of the LMS equalizer via comparing its Bit Error Rate (BER) and constellation diagram with those of the Minimum Mean Square Error and Zero Forcing equalizers. Moreover, the results also reveal that the LMS equalizer provides BER performance close to that of the OFDM system with a hypothetical sufficient CP.


Article
PLC-HMI BASED SIMULATION of PV CELL and ARRAY BEHAVIOR

Authors: Maytham Ali Fadhil --- Jawad Radhi Mahmood
Pages: 130-137
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Abstract

This paper presents the PLC-HMI based simulation of electrical-based PV cell/array model in laboratory platform to give the opportunity to students and users who haven't clear knowledge to study PV cell and array behavior with respect to change of environment conditions and electrical parameters. This simulation process covers the cell models under ideal and non-ideal ones. In non-ideal one, the series resistance and the shunt resistance are covered.

Keywords

PLC --- HMI --- Modelling --- Simulation --- PV Model


Article
Proposed Topology for Voltage Sag Mitigation with New Control Strategy

Authors: Adnan Romi Diwan --- Khalid M. Abdulhasan
Pages: 138-144
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Abstract

voltage sags represent the greatest threat to the sensitive loads of industrial consumers, the microprocessor based-loads, and any electrical sensitive components. In this paper, a special topology is proposed to mitigate deep and long duration sags by using a modified AC to AC boost converter with a new control method. A boost converter is redesigned with a single switch to produces an output voltage that is linearly proportional to the duty cycle of the switch. On the other hand, the proposed control system is based on introducing a mathematical model that relates the missing voltage to the duty cycle of the boost converter switch. The simulation results along with the system analysis are presented to confirm the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed circuit.

Table of content: volume:15 issue:2