Table of content

Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكيمياوية وهندسة النفط

ISSN: 19974884/E26180707
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 2000 by the College of Engineering of the University of Baghdad. The Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering receives citations in the category of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering and relevant subjects.

Aims
The Iraqi journal of chemical and petroleum engineering is Open Access journal dedicated to publishing peer-reviewed research articles with respect to the subjects in fields of chemical and petroleum Engineering. In particular, petrochemical, biochemical, water treatment, electrochemical, petroleum and natural gas production and technology, and environment are the major interest of the journal. The journal aims to provide a free platform for the researches all over the world to share diverse types of knowledge and discuss the recent developments in the subjects related to the journal interest.

Objective
Objective of the journal is to promote the researches in the engineering subjects covered by journal to dissemination their intellectual products to the global community free of restriction. That achieves by making all of published articles available free of cost for all researcher through adopting Open Access publication model.

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Contact info

Aljadreah, Baghdad
Iraq
P.O Box: 47024
Phone: +964-1-7781506
Email: ijcpe@coeng.uobaghdad.edu.iq
ijcpe@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2008 volume:9 issue:3

Article
Dye Removal from Wastewater Using Iron Salts

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Abstract

This investigation was carried out to study the treatment and recycling of wastewater in the cotton textile industry for an effluent containing three dyes: direct blue, sulphur black and vat yellow. The reuse of such effluent can only be made possible by appropriate treatment method such as chemical coagulation. Ferrous and ferric sulphate with and without calcium hydroxide were employed in this study as the chemical coagulants. The results showed that the percentage removal of direct blue ranged between 91.4 and 94 , for sulphur black ranged between 98.7 and 99.5 while for vat yellow it was between 97 and 99.


Article
Impact of Tigris River Pollution on the Performance of Water Treatment Plants Efficiencies in Baghdad City

Authors: Janan N. Hamza
Pages: 9-20
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Abstract

The determination of river pollution impact on the performance of water treatment plants is achieved by two main objectives. The first is to study raw and treated water qualities and comparing them with standards and the second is to evaluate the treatment plants efficiency. The analyzed data were those water quality parameters in relation to physical, chemical and bacteriological characteristics for river water and produced water by seven water treatment plants located on Tigris River passing through Baghdad City. The results of this study indicated that all raw water characteristic are within the surface water standards established by Iraqi and USA criteria except Bacterial Counts. Tigris River water is of good quality to be treated at the intake of KWTP and tends to be of less quality as it flows to south of city, where it is highly polluted at intake of RWTP. The analysis of treated water quality parameters supplied by all water treatment plants indicated that most of these characteristics are within the Iraqi criteria and WHO guide lines except for the produced in RWTP. RWTP exceeded the water quality standards which recommended by WHO particularly Bacterial Counts and Turbidity. The analysis showed that all water treatment plants have little effect on the in removal of the most of inorganic chemicals pollutants, the increasing Level of Sulfate, Hardness, and Total Dissolved Solid in treated water could be related to the absence of any chemical treatment units in the conventional Baghdad water treatment works, and to the increasing of the concentration of these variables in river water. The statistical analysis had indicated that the correlation coefficient between Turbidity and Total Coliform Bacteria in river water for KWTP, EWTP and KRWTP were good, and begin to increase at other water treatment plants reaching RWTP because the water quality of the river is deteriorated as the river flow downstream in Baghdad city.

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Article
Separation Benzene and Toluene from BTX using Zeolite 13X

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Abstract

This work deals with the separation of benzene and toluene from a BTX fraction. The separation was carried out using adsorption by molecular sieve zeolite 13X in a fixed bed. The concentration of benzene and toluene in the influent streams was measured using gas chromatography. The effect of flow rate in the range 0.77 – 2.0 cm3/min on the benzene and toluene extraction from BTX fraction was studied. The flow rate increasing decreases the breakthrough and saturation times. The effect of bed height in the range 31.6 – 63.3 cm on benzene and toluene adsorption from BTX fraction was studied. The increase of bed height increasing increases the break point values. The effect of the concentration of benzene in the range 0.0559 – 0.2625g/cm3 and toluene in the range 0.144 – 0.21 g/cm3 was studied. The increasing of inlet solute concentration increases the slope of the breakthrough curve. The amount of toluene adsorbed in the packed bed at any time is higher than that of benzene while it decreases after the saturation time. The best operating conditions in this work for benzene and toluene adsorption are 0.77 cm3/min of feed and 31.6 cm bed height of zeolite 13X.

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Article
COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE MIXING ZONE IN THE COMBUSTION CHAMBER OF RAMJET

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Abstract

A theoretical analysis of mixing in the secondary combustion chamber of ramjet is presented. Theoretical investigations were initiated to insight into the flow field of the mixing zone of the ramjet combustor and a computer program to calculate axisymmetric, reacting and inert flow was developed. The mathematical model of the mixing zone of ramjet comprises differential equations for: continuity, momentum, stagnation enthalpy, concentration, turbulence energy and its dissipation rate. The simultaneous solution of these equations by means of a finite-difference solution algorithm yields the values of the variable at all internal grid nodes. The results showed that increasing air mass flow (0.32 to 0.64 kg/s) increases the development of velocity profile due to the high turbulence generated resulting in very fast mixing and homogenous flow. And the occurrence of chemical reaction causes higher local temperature and composition resulting in faster development of the velocity profile


Article
EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CORROSION OF CARBON STEELBOILER TUBES IN DILUTE SODUIM CHLORIDE SOLUTION

Authors: D.R. Rzaige --- G.A. Rassoul
Pages: 33-35
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Abstract

The corrosion behavior of carbon steel at different Temperatures and in water containing different sodium chloride concentrations under 3 bar pressure has been investigated using weight loss method . The carbon steel specimens were immersed in water containing (100,400,700,1000PPM) of NaCl solution and under temperature was increased from (90-120ºC) under pressures of 3 bar. The results of this investigation indicated that corrosion rate increased with NaCl concentrations and Temperature.


Article
Optimization of Biochemical Treatment of Tannery Wastewater

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Abstract

The present work is concerned with the finding of the optimum conditions for biochemical wastewater treatment for a local tannery. The water samples were taken from outline areas (the wastewater of the chrome and vegetable tannery) in equal volumes and subjected to sedimentation, biological treatment, and chemical and natural sedimentation treatment. The Box-Wilson method of experimental design was adopted to find useful relationships between three operating variables that affect the treatment processes (temperature, aeration period and phosphate concentration) on the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5). The experimental data collected by this method were successfully fitted to a second order polynomial mathematical model. The most favorable operating conditions for the treatment are; Temperature 32.5oC,Aeration period 10 hours and phosphate concentration 16.8 mg/L. On using the optimum conditions a mathematical model simulating the operation for the treatment was obtained.

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Article
Electrocoagulation of phenol for wastewater treatment

Authors: Ahmed A-Mohammed
Pages: 45-49
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Abstract

Electrocoagulation is an electrochemical process of treating polluted water where sacrificial anode corrodes to produce active coagulant (usually aluminum or iron cations) into solution. Accompanying electrolytic reactions evolve gas (usually as hydrogen bubbles). The present study investigates the removal of phenol from water by this method. A glass tank with 1 liter volume and two electrodes were used to perform the experiments. The electrode connected to a D.C. power supply. The effect of various factors on the removal of phenol (initial phenol concentration, electrode size, electrodes gab, current density, pH and treatment time) were studied. The results indicated that the removal efficiency decreased as initial phenol concentration increased, the highest removal obtained at pH in the range (6-8), the removal enhanced with increasing electrode size and decreasing the gab between the electrodes. The optimum current density obtained at 221 A/m2.


Article
Viscosity Index Improvement of Lubricating Oil Fraction (SAE – 30)

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Abstract

An investigation was conducted for the improvement of viscosity index of a lubricating oil fraction (SAE – 30) obtained from vacuum distillation unit of lube oil plant of Daura Refinery, using solvent extraction process. In this study two type of extraction solvents were used to extract the undesirable materials which reduce the viscosity index of raw lubricating oil fraction, the first solvent was furfural which is un use today in the Iraqi refineries and the second was NMP (N-methyl, 2, pyrrolidone) which is used for the first time in this work to extract the lubricating oil fraction produced from Iraqi crude oils. The studied effecting variables of extraction are extraction temperature range from 70 to 110 oC for furfural and NMP extraction, solvent to oil ratio range from 1:1 to 5:1 (wt/wt) for furfural extraction and from 0.5:1 to 2:1 (wt/wt) for NMP extraction. The results of this investigation show that the viscosity index of lubricating oil fraction increases with increasing extraction temperature and increasing the solvent to oil ratio and reaches 83 for NMP extraction at extraction temperature 110 oC and solvent to oil ratio 2:1, while the viscosity index reaches to 80 for furfural extraction at the same extraction temperature and solvent oil ratio. Higher viscosity index of lubricating oil fraction is obtained by using NMP instead of furfural under the same operating variables (extraction temperature and solvent to oil ratio). Further more, the results show that the viscosity, refractive index, and percentage yield of raffinate decreased as the extraction temperature or solvent to oil ratio increases for furfural and NMP extraction.

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Table of content: volume:9 issue:3