جدول المحتويات

مجلة العلوم الزراعية العراقية

ISSN: ISSN:00750530 / EISSN:24100862
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: الزراعة
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تأسست مجلة العلوم الزراعية العراقية في كلية الزراعة جامعة بغداد عام 1966. كانت المجلة تصدر بعددين في العام فقط. بدأت المجلة عام 2000 باصدار ستة اعداد في السنة لكل مجلد, وهي الان في عام 2016 بالمجلد (47). تشمل ابحاث المجلة كافة العلوم الزراعية المرتبطة بالعلوم النباتية والحيوانية فضلاً عن المكننة الزراعية والاقتصاد الزراعي والارشاد الزراعي والعلوم الداعمة للعلوم الزراعية مثل الكيمياء والفيزياء لاسيما المرتبطة بالضوء والالحرارة والرياح وغيرها. يتضمن المجلد الواحد حالياً اكثر من 75 بحثأ حيث يتضمن العدد الواحد بين 20-25 بحثاً بحسب عدد الابحاث المقبولة في كل عدد

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معلومات الاتصال

tijasub@yahoo.com
tel :
009647804541817
009647512748875
address:
college of Agric. / Univ. of Baghdad
Al Jadreah, Baghdad, Iraq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2012 المجلد: 43 العدد: 1

Article
A FORMULA TO PREDICT INBREEDING DEPRESSION IN F2 POPULATION OF MAIZE
معادلة للتنبؤ بنسبة التدهور الوراثي في مجتمع F2 للذرة الصفراء

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted on the form of the Dept. of Field Crop Sci. / College of Agriculture / University of Baghdad in spring and fall seasons of 2009 and 2010 . Ten inbreds of maize were planted and crossed to each other to produce single crosses . In the second season, single crosses were planted along with thin parent to produce three – way and double crosses . In the third seasons panet and crosses were planted . Crosses were selfed to produce F2 seeds and increase seeds of inbreds . In the fourth season, all grin types were planted , and their agronomic traits were evaluated . Values of P of inbreds , F1 and F2 were calculated for agronomic traits . The new formula to predict inbreeding depression ( ID ) F2 plant without growing them relied on : relative constant ( χ ) , P and F1 of traits . It was set up as : ID % = [ ( 1 – χ ) – χP / F1 ] × 100 . The inbreeding depression obtained was compared to that reported by Ouapadissakoon and Wernswam . The to values were just fit for all traits tested ; plant grain yield , kernel weight , kernel / ear , rows / ear , leaf area / plant , and plant total dry matter . However ,the F2 populations used were of three – way and double crosses . the F2 of single crosses if used ,the formula will stand right . This formula is very useful to predict inbreeding depression without the need to grow F2 seeds . whereas , other three formulas were set up to predict means of agronomic traits for inbreds ( parents ) ( P ) , F1 and F2 means P = [ ( 1 – χ ) – ( ID % ) ] × F1 / χ , for predicting : F1 = χP / ( 1 – χ ) – ID% , and for predicting values of F2 = ( 1 – ID % ) F1 . Results show very high fit for all traits estimated . Hence, we recommend using these formulas to predict any value mean of any trait of P , F1 , and F2 populations .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF MAGNETIZED IRRIGATION WATER AND FERTILIZER
تأثير مياه الري الممغنطة ومستويات الأسمدة في صفات النمو لحنطة الخبز

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الخلاصة

To evaluate the response of wheat of (Triticum aestivum L.) growth to irrigation with magnetized water and levels of fertilizers, afield experiment was carried out during winter seasons of 2008 - 2009 and 2009 - 2010 at the farm of Department of Field Crop Sciences, College of Agriculture,University of Baghdad. A randomized complete block design by split plots arrangement was used with three replications. The main plot included four levels of magnetic water strength 0, 500, 1000 and 2000 GS, while the subplot included four levels of fertilizer 0, 1/2, 2/3 and 1F. The results showed that no significant effect of magnetized irrigation water on all growth characteristics studied in both seasons. While the levels of fertilizers significantly affected growth characteristics of wheat in both seasons, and fertilizer level of 1 F caused greater effect on height of plant 85.34 cm, number of tillers 378.92 tiller.mˉ², single leaf area 43.51cm², dry weight of plant 1677.75 g.mˉ², and 83.91cm, 382.83 tiller.mˉ², 41.47cm² and 1564.75 g.mˉ² at first and second season respectively as compared with others fertilizer levels. Also fertilizer level of 1 F affected crop growth rate and net assimilation rate at 60 days after sowing at both seasons, crop growth rate recorded 4.23 and 4.26 g.mˉ².dayˉ¹, and net assimilation rate 0.0345 and 0.0353 g.mˉ².dayˉ¹ at both seasons respectively. It was concluded that there was no significant of bread wheat cultivar IPA 99 to magnetized irrigation responses water. Irrigation with magnetized water did not lead to reduction of fertilizer level usually applied to bread wheat.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF SOWING DEPTH ON GRAIN YIELD AND ITS COMPONENTS OF SIX BREAD WHEAT CULTIVARS
تأثير عمق البذار في صفات الحاصل ومكوناته لستة اصناف من الحنطة

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الخلاصة

Afield experiment was carried out at the experimental farm, Department of Field Crop Sciences , College of Agriculture - University of Baghdad during the growing seasons (2008- 2009) and (2009- 2010). Six wheat cultivars were grown by using the randomized complete blok design in the arrangement of split - plots with four replicates . Main plots contained the seeding depths 3,6,9 and 12 cm . While the cultivar (IPA -99 , Flamour , Abu – Ghraib -3 , AL.Fateh ,IPA -95 and Sham -6) occupied the sub - plots . The objective was to investigate the effect of seeding depth on the grain yield and it̛s components of these cultivars . Plants of all cultivars grown at 6 cm depth gave the highest averages of spike number . m-2 and 1000 grain weight (555.70, 536.83 spike. m 2 and 43.87 , 35.70 g) in both seasons, respectively . These were translated in the higher biological yield 20.27 and 18.57 t.ha -1 and ultimately with higher grain yield 7.17 and 6.05 t.ha-1 in both season, respectively. Consequently the harvest index was increased to 34.59 and 32.79 % in both seasons , respectively . The cultivar IPA -99 gave the highest averages of grain yield components i.e ,grain number .spike -1 and 1000 grain weight (63.62, 57.92) and (42.90, 34.95) in both seasons, respectively. Hence, the grain yield of this cultivar was the highest (7.38 and 6.02) t.ha1- compared with the lowest grain yield of Abu- Ghraib-3 (3.93 and 3.14 t. ha-1) in both seasons, respectively. For interaction , the results showed significant differences only in the second season where IPA -99 grown at 6cm depth gave the highest average grain yield (8.19 t.ha-1) , while Abu-Ghraib-3 grown 12 cm gave the lowest average of grain yield (1.97t.ha).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
TESTING INTRODUCED MAIZE GERMPLASM BY LINE X TESTER METHOD 1- Yield and Yield Component
اختبار مواد وراثية مدخلة من الذرة الصفراء بتضريب سلالة × فاحص1- الحاصل ومكوناته

المؤلفون: K.M. Wuhaib كريمة محمد وهيب
الصفحات: 38-48
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted at the field of Field Crops Sci. Dept., College of Agric. / Univ. of Baghdad. Ten introduced maize (Zea mays L.) inbreds lines from Italy were tested in Iraqi central region. Inbreds were tested for general and specific combining ability by using line x tester mating method. Inbreds were planted in spring and fall seasons /2009. Selfing was used to increase homozygosity. In spring season / 2010 seeds were planted, and at anthesis crossing between inbreds and tester was done. In fall season /2010 varietal trial for crosses and parents were conducted by using RCBD with four replications to evaluate crosses and parents and to estimate some genetic parameters. Statistical analysis revealed highly significant increases for all traits, no. of grain /row, no. of grain /plant, grain weight, dry weight /plant and grain yield. The genetic analysis show that inbred L3 was superior and gave high grain yield (121.59 g) because it gave high dry weight (248.6 g) ,no. of grain /plant(468.3 g) , no. of grain /row(38 grain), also it had positive gca . The cross L1 x t8 was superior and gave highest yield (173.7 g) because of its superiority in dry weight (355.14 g) ,no. of grain /plant(672 grain) , no. of grain /row (37 grain). It also had highest positive hybrid vigor for grain yields (98.61 g), sca (18.976). The value of additive variation for inbred was more than tester for all the traits. This means that selection can be used for several traits of better inbred to produce synthetic or hybrid cultivars. The dominant gene action for inbred was lower than additive, but it was close to additive variation for testers. σ2 gca and genetic variation for inbreds were superior than testers for most traits. The average degree of dominance was more than one except grain weight was less than one. The conclusion from these data was: some of inbreds were superior in general and specific combining ability; therefore it can be used in hybrid or synthetic production

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ESTIMATION OF GENE ACTION AND NUMBER OF GENES FOR SEVERAL GROWTH CHARACTERS IN MAIZE
تقدير الفعل والعدد الجيني لبعض صفات النمو في الذرة الصفراء

المؤلفون: Nadhum Y. Abed ناظم يونس عبد
الصفحات: 49-57
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted at the field of the Crop Science Department College of Agriculture – University of Baghdad during spring and fall seasons 2009-2010. Two maize inbreds; Nz25 and B73 were planted to produce single crosses hybrid,F2 ,F3 ,BC1,BC2,BC3 and BC4.The 9 genotypes were compared using RCBD with three replicates. The hybrid vigor for the single crosses and inbreeding depression for F2 , F3 ,BC1 and BC4,the variances of environment ,additive and dominance and the degree of dominance and heritability, number of genes were estimated ,no. of leaves angle , leaf area and plant and were studied . The experimental results showed significant differences in all characters in the study the highest hybrid vigor specially in plant height of 56.91%. There was a decline in the characters in F2 , F3 , BC1 and BC2 so that we can not recommend to use seeds for commercial production. The dominance genetic variance was significantly superior in all characters in this study than the additive, which indicate that the genetic variatnce is very important in influencing the studied characters.The estimations of the average of degree of domince were more than one for all the studied characters . The broad sense heritability was high which ranged from 0.69 in silking to 0.98 for leaf angle, while there is a decline in narrow sense heritability which indicate an important dominance genetic superiority in the studied characters. The number of genes which control tasseling initiation was 13 pairs and 14 for the silking imitation ,17 pairs for the number of leafs/plant ,5 pairs for leaf angle ,23 for leaf area ,10 for plant height and 8 for ear height which indicate that these characters should be improved by crossing followed by selection , for they are quantitative traits.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
RESPONSE OF OLIVE TRANSPLANTS TO FOLIAR APPLICATION OF HUMUGREEN , IRON AND ZINC
استجابة شتلات الزيتون للتغذية الورقية بالهيوموغرين وخليط الحديد والزنك

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الخلاصة

The experiment was conducted in lath house during 1/4 – 1/11 2010 in Neaimiyia Nursery –General Establishment of Horticulture and Forestry to study the effect of foliar application with humugreen, mixture of iron &zinc and interaction on some features of olive transplants –K18 and Sourani Variety. Humugreen (12% humic acid +3% fulvic acid ) Sprayed with 0,2,4 ml/ L. iron Sprayed in form of FeSO4.H2O 32.88% Fe together with Zinc in form of ZnSO4.7H2O 22.76%Zn in the following Concentration; 0, 2g/LFe&0.5g/LZn, 4g/LFe&1g/LZn,6g/LFe&1.5g/L Zn.Factorial experiment in Randomized Complete Block Design RCBD with three replicates .K18 exceed significantly in the average increase of main length stem , main stem diameter ,branches number ,leaves number ,while Sourani variety exceed in Leaf aera; and the two cultivars showed no difference in percentage of dry matter,N and P in leaves, while the higher percent of K detected in K18 Variety . Humugreen with 2 or 4 ml/ L caused significant effect in vegetative growth features where the average increase in 2 ml/ L were 39.9% in main stem length , 12.7% in branches number,10.3% in main stem diameter ,15.2% in number of leaves and 14.6% in leaf area with no significant different between 2 ml/ L and 4ml/L effects on all these features . Conentraction 2 g/L Fe &o.5g/ L Zn had significant effect on vegetative growth features , where average increase were30.1% in main stem length , 36.5% in branches number , 19.2% in main stem diameter , 28% in leave number and 18.3% in leaf area. While the other concentrations did not affect these features. Iron& zinc increased significantly the percentage of dry matter ,N,P and K In leaves,humugreen had similar effect except P show no response.The interaction between humugreen and Fe& Zn resulted a significant effect on all features except main stem length and percentage of nitrogen in leaves and the best results were found when using 2m/ L Humgreen and 2 g /L Fe&0.5 g/ L zn which resulted in improving vegetative growth and N,P,K content of leaves.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
USE OF DATE SYRUP TO IMPROVE YIELD, STORAGE LIFE AND MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF OYSTER MUSHROOM
استخدام دبس التمر في تحسين الإنتاج والقابلية الخزنية والأهمية الطبية للفطر المحاري

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الخلاصة

Three experiments were conducted in the cold storage unit, in the Dept. of Hort. / College of Agric. / Univ. of Baghdad starting during at Oct. 12 / 2009 – Jun 1 / 2010 . The white strain spawn of oyster mushroom ( Pleurotus ostreatus ( Jaq. Fr, ) ) was imported from Jordan. Plastic bags were filled with 1 Kg of moist and sterilized wheat straw and 50g of mushroom spawn was added to each bag. The bags were transferred to the incubation room at 25±1ºC for one month . Humidity was raised to 80-90% and light to 400 lux. Diluted date syrup ( 50ml ) of one the following concentrations, 0 or 2% or 4% or 6% or 8% or 10% or 12% TSS was added to the plastic bag before the begning of the fruiting bodies formation. Fruiting bodies were harvested, dried and used to determine the concentration of the chemicals with the medicinal properties using HPLC. The results showed that the fresh and dry yield and the biological efficiency ( BE ) increased with the increase of the %TSS in the date syrup up to 8%. There were no significant deferances between 8% and 10% or 12% TSS in there effects on the fresh and dry yield and the BE. The concentration of all the chemicals detected in the fruiting bodies were increased with the increase of the %TSS in the date syrup used. Gallic acid concentration was increased from 4.82 mg/g to 11.39 mg/g of dry weight. The concentration of B-glucan was increased from 12.26 mg/g to 29.07 mg/g of dry weight. Lectin concentration was increased from 2.52 mg/g to 14.40 mg/g of dry weight . Heteropolysaccharides concentration was increased from 8.11 mg/g to 20.69 mg/g of dry weight. The loss in gallic acid concentration after three weeks of cold storage at 2±1ºC was less than the loss of the other chemicals. While the loss in B-glucan concentration after cold storage was more than all the other chemicals.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ROLE OF SEWAGE WATER OF FALLUJAH IN CHEMICAL POLLUTION OF EUPHARTES WATER
دور مياه مجاري الفلوجة في التلوث الكيميائي لمياه الفرات

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الخلاصة

This research included the study of some chemical properties of Fallujah city sewage and their effect on chemical pollution of Euphrates River–60 Km North west of the capital within Al-Anbar governorate. First part of the work included the field work in which samples Locations were determined by 32 stations, representing the control sample and the second representing the water of river after mixing with last station of sewage of fallujah city. After that, 30 samples were taken from water river, the distance between samples 50m. As for the Laboratory work, it included the analysis of water samples to find out the concentration of soluble salt ,soluble ions, total dissolved solids (TDS), for water ,and deposit content of trace and heavy metals. Results of this study showed that there is space variations in chemical properties of sewage water, this variation reflected in the pH, EC, the value of EC at control station was (2100 µS m-1) while at last station was (1400 µS m-1) while increase of (16%)comparing with control. Total Dissolved solid (TDS) increased, its value of control station was 844 mg L-1 while it was 857 mg L-1 with increase 1.5% comparing with control. Water was classified as moderately saline at control station and become heavy after mixing. Study of chemical properties showed that the control concentration of cations and anions were higher of than the Local and inter natural accepted limits on mixing with sewage. The cations were Na, K, Ca, and Mg at control 28.7,4.3,140.3,55.2 mgL-1 respectively with increase of 10.8,4.7,1.3%and 23.9% respectively comparing with control. Anions (SO4, Cl, HCO3) concentration of control with at were at last station 508.3,152.6,189.1 mg.L-1 respectively with increase 17.6,4.7,13.5 comparing with concentrations of control. Results showed that Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu a control were 0.001, 0.081, 0.002,0.006 mgL-1 respectively, while the concentration at last station were 0.002,0.082,0.003,0.007mg.L-1 with increase of 50,1.2,33.3,14.2% comparing with control. Concentration of heavy metals, Cd, Ni, Pb in control samples were 0.009,0.006,0.007 mg.L-1 respectively while it was at last station 0.010,0.010,0.008 mgL-1 respectively with increase 4.9,56.2,12.5%.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
SPECTRAL CORRELATION OF LANDSAT IMAGE FOR SOME SOIL PROPERTIES IN DIYALA GOVERNORATE.
العلاقات الطيفية للبيانات الرقمية لصور التابع LandSat ETM ولبعض خصائص ألتربه في محافظه ديالى

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الخلاصة

Two movement transects were chosen to select 31 soil samples in Diyala province from different region. Samples where air dried, grinded and sieved for laboratory analysis for measuring physical and chemical characteristics of the soil .LandSat Images (ETM+7) were used and the selected sites were pointed on it, which were taken by Global Positioning System according to listed Axis, to get the spectral print. Statistical analysis (correlation matrix) was done, using (spss) to explore the relationship between the two characteristics. Results showed a relationship between soil salinity and its organic relationship with the digital number of the spectral bands and the presence of wide variation of soil salinity values with the values of soil reaction in different way between samples as well as Clay content. And found difference in the value of sand content and clay and the presence of difference texture while the statistical analysis shows a correlation between characteristic among them. where there was a correlation between the values of soil salinity and the numerical number or some bands ,as well as to the content of sand and clay and highly positive correlation between sand and the content of organic matter while there was a negative correlation between the CaCO3 and sand content and even the non-sigificant value showed general direction between the measured soil characteristic and the digital number for the spectral band negatively with the sand positively or calcium carbonate and clay for all bands , also the relationship it was negative with CaCo3 content with digital number where the increase of content cause increase in the reflection .Thus, remote sensing techniques gave significant result in its applications in agriculture and its relationship with certain soil characteristics.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
FORECASTING PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF BREAD WHEAT IN IRAQ FOR THE PERIOD 2007-2016 USING ARIMA MODEL
توقعات انتاج واستهلاك قمح الخبز في العراق باستخدام انموذج ARIMA للمدة 2007-2016

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الخلاصة

Bread Wheat is considered one of the most important crop which plays an important role in Iraqi economy. The aim of research was to predict the quantities produced and consumed of this crop for the period 2007-2016 by using (ARIMA)model for economic prediction it also uses B&G methodology which rests on the amalgamation between autoregressive models and moving average MA .This was applied for times series data of quantities produced and consumed by using statistical program (MINITAB).It was very difficult to determine a suitable model for production due to the fact that agricultural production is affected by many factors which cause its fluctuation and instability in great extent .As result this work needed many attempts until the model ARIMA(1,1,0)was chosen which satisfied all statistical tests .The model explains that wheat production is affected by production lagged for one year .This was assured by many previous researches .The expected production quantity for year 2016 is 2600.6 thousand tons while the expected quantity of consumption for the same year 3195.7 thousand tons .This indicates the existence of food gap for wheat .This gap cloud be bridged through price support and subsidies for product and input price to induce production to increase production in addition to follow same policies which could rationalize consumption of this crop .Government must intervene in price formation for bread wheat to support its price through a clear plan which is consistent with the existed potentialities and potentialities ,otherwise the results of such models remain only indicators for designing such policies.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
SELF SUFFICENCY AND FOOD GAP FOR MAIN GRAIN CROPS IN SOME ARAB COUNTRIES
الاكتفاء الذاتي والعجز الغذائي لمحاصيل الحبوب الرئيسة في بعض الاقطار العربية للمدة 2005 – 2015

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الخلاصة

The aim of this study is to evaluate the self- sufficiency for main grain crops In some Arab countries for the period 2005 – 2015 and to know the reality and the future of food gap of these crops in these countries to formulate an idea about food security state for them . The results showed that growth rate of main grain ( wheat , barley , rice and maize ) production in the study countries was negative for the study period . The level of grain food security was different from one country to another . Iraq had accumulated high percentage of self- sufficiency from barley and maize .The results also showed the dependency of Syria and Saudi Arabia on foreign markets to secure their needs from rice completely . Egypt market was characterized by high self- sufficiency from rice and barley while production levels for all crops were law in Sudan . Syria had accumulated high percentage of self- sufficiency in wheat while Sudan was the lowest and Iraq achieved the highest percentage in barley while Saudi Arabia the lowest . Egypt had accumulated the highest percentage of self- sufficiency in rice while Iraq achieved the highest percentage of self- sufficiency in maize . It was recommended to depend on the calculation of real gap and not food gap to get an impression about the nutritional state of individual and to concentrate on health dimension of food security .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
HORSE POWER ROLE OF TRACTORS AND PULVERIZATIONS ON SOME TECHNICAL INDICATORS FOR MECHANIZATION UNIT BY TANDEM DISK HARROW
دور القدرة الحصانية ومرات التنعيم في بعض المؤشرات الفنية للوحدةالمكنية باستخدام المنعمة القرصية المزدوجة

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted on a farm belongs to college of Agriculture – University of Baghdad for the year 2010 in a silty clay loam soil to study the effect of two types of tractor, a Newholland with 80 horse power and a Masyfergison with 142 horse power (facter1) and frequent pulverization (facter2) by Tandem disk harrow. The tractor speed was H1 which reached to 6.545 km/h for the Newholland tractor and 7.2 km/h for the Masyfergison . Treatments were laid out using split – plot with randomized complete block design in three replicates . The soil moisture content range during the experiment was 15-17% . Data on slippage percentage , practical productivity , field efficiency , clods> 5cm / m² and bulk density . The result obtained indicated that there were significant differences between the kind of tractors and frequent pulverization with their interactions for all parameters studied . At the same frequent pulverization Masyfergison surpassed by recorded a lower average of slippage percentage got to 16.28% and a higher practical productivity reached to 1.268 ha/h and a highest field efficiency arrived to 67.75% with a lower average of clods > 5 cm/m² reached to 4.666 clod/m² and the Newholland recorded a lower average of bulk density got to 1.457 mg/m3 . On the other hand , and with the fixing tractor kind , once pulverization recorded a lower average of slippage percentage got to 14.51% and bulk density arrived to 1.333 mg/m3 ,and it gives a higher average of practical productivity got to 1.238 ha/h and a highest field efficiency got to 68.56% .But the twice pulverization recorded a lower average number of clods > 5 cm/m² which was 3.166 clods / m² .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ANTIBACTERIAL AND CYTOTOXIC EFFECTS OF THE KIWI FRUIT AND POMEGRANATE ACTIVE COMPOUNDS ON TUMOR CELL LINE (L20B, RD)
دراسة الفعالية المضادة للبكتريا والتأثيرات السمية للمواد الفعالة لنباتي الكيوي والرمان في خطي الخلايا السرطانية(L20B , RD)

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الخلاصة

This study was designed to evaluate the anti bacterial activity and the cytotoxic effect of Actinidia deliciosa ( Kiwi fruit ) and Punica granatur (pomegranate). The chemical detection was made for the plants extract and revealed that the plants extract were positive for flavonoids and phenols. Also the antibacterial activity for both plants extract was done in different bacterial species include gram positive bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus , Bacillus cereus ) and gram negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli , Vibrio cholerae ) using agar diffusion and well diffusion methods. Also both plants extract cause an inhibitory effect on both gram negative and gram positive bacteria. The highest antibacterial activity was recorded against S. aureus for both extracts and the inhibition zone reached 23mm in a well diffusion method for pomegranate extract and 19mm in a diameter for Kiwi fruit extract. The cytotoxic effect of both plants extract was carried out on two tumor cell line ( L20B and RD ).The result showed that the plants extract cause a significant differences (P < 0.05) between means of cell viability of both L20B and RD cultures, also both plants extract showed an inhibitory effect on L20B and RD cell line growth rate after 72 hr. of incubation for all concentrations used to reached maximum significant decrease at concentration 1000 µg/ml in comparison with the control.

الكلمات الدلالية

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