Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2011 volume: issue:140

Article
كلمة التوحيد "لا الهَ إلّا اللهُ" بين النحويين والأصوليين

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Abstract

The research aims to highlight the significance of language and grammar of the word unification, is a comparative study between Alnhoyen fundamentalists and the word of Tawheed (no God but Allah) 0 Valenhoion took care of the installation by expressing them as the expression of views in the name of Allah after the fact, but also estimated the deleted yet but that is news to - No - precluding the genus 0 The purists, they took care made sense for this installation, and this comes from calls their approach to study the meaning of words and structure, as interest in the Ol

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Article
القراءة النقدية عند عبد القاهر الجرجاني

Authors: شاكر جدعان جبل
Pages: 49-94
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Article
ألاستدلال وعلاقته بمهارات تقييم المعلومات

Authors: رياض عزيز عباس
Pages: 323-378
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Article
Women's Struggle for Identity A study in Marsha Norman's night, Mother and Getting Out

Authors: Khuloud Mohammed Ameen
Pages: 425-441
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Abstract

The American play Wright, Marsha Norman gave woman in her Society much attention for they are frustrated creatures. They are considered as minor figures who are oppressed by people around them .She depicts this gloomy image successfully in her plays especially Getting out and night mother in which she present two major characters Arlene and Jessie in addition to same other minor characters .

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Article
PASSIVE VOICE

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Abstract

Grammarians studied the English structure in details, and dealt with the sentence in both forms active and passive. The passive form needs certain change and reordering the words. The passive form of the sentence took much importance by the three schools of grammar. More attention was given to this subject by the structuralists. Quirk et al, [1976:20] analyze the sentence into subject + verb [transitive] + object. Then transformationalists also dealt with this subject. Liles [1971:67] analyzed the sentence into its components by using the tree diagram. Accordingly, this research tries to focus on the hypothesis which says that students still face a problem in constructing the passive form of an active

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Article
Human Face detection in color image By using different color space

Authors: صلاح طه علاوي
Pages: 459-484
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Abstract

This paper presents a novel model to detect the human face in color image by using different color spaces (YCbCr and HSV). This work is divided into two independent stages. First stage extracts rules through using a number of images that contain skin regions and the second stage detects face regions. First stage includes using a number of color images. These images are converted into another color space (YCbCr and HSV). Then limiting only the skin regions in these images. After that compute the color values for each color space in these skin regions and draw a histogram for each color, through it, to get out the numbers that will help us to extract the rules which would be used to classify image pixels into skin or non-skin color. Second stage includes entering color image then convert it into two images each one represents different color space (YCbCr and HSV) , after that extracted rules in first stage are used to classify the pixels of each image into skin or non-skin color. Then delete the pixels that represent noise from each image by using the medium filter. After that these skin pixels combined to make meaningful regions (i.e. face, hand, etc.) in each image. Gathering the skin regions that are in the two images to get one image. Examining these regions throughout applying three tests (Compactness, Solidity and Orientation) on each region to decide whether it is a face or not. Finally the region face can be pointed out through drawing a box round it.

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Article
New Unpublished Cuneiform Texts in the Iraq Museum concerning builder workers

Authors: Ishtar Samir Dhahir
Pages: 485-510
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Abstract

Workers form a major base in the Ancient Iraqi economy;availability manpower is one of the fundamentals in the economy of Mesopotamia. Cuneiform texts have provided us with information about workers and their types and wages. In this article we will talk about the construction worker. This article is devoted to builders,This cuneiform text is one of the collection of the Iraq museum bearing the IM-160420;Its complete tablet deals with expenditure (zi-ga) of (guru) builders from several cities dated to the reign of (d.u-sin) the fourth king of UrIII Dynasty ( six year). I thank Dr.Nawala AL-Mutawalli in University of Baghdad, College of Arts for her remarks. 2.Transliteration and Commentary

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