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مجلة التربية الرياضية

ISSN: 20736452
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: التربية الرياضية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تعد مجلة التربية الرياضية أول مجلة علمية تخصصية رصينة والتي تهتم بكافة البحوث الخاصة بعلوم الرياضة تصدر من الكلية الأم (كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة- جامعة بغداد) كل ثلاثة أشهر بواقع أربعة أعداد في السنة

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone No.:
00964-7901319459
00964-7705831422

E-mail:
jopebu@cope.uobaghdad.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2007 المجلد: 16 العدد: 1

Article
Comoarative Study of Personality Traits for Elite National Female Footballers and Gymnasts
دراسة مقارنة لسمات الشخصية لدى لاعبات المنتخب الوطني في لعبة كرة القدم والجمناستك الفني

المؤلفون: Ammer Jebbar Kadum عامر جبار كاظم
الصفحات: 60-93
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الخلاصة

Building traits is the basics of building personality.for personality traits give consistency in behaviour and it make it predictable. Every sport needs individuals that have personality traits that suit that special sport.In gymnasts has to overcome have fears on her own when learning new movements.Such sport needs certain traits thate are different frome female footballers.Football is one of the theam sports that reguire a rather large number of players.Players of this game are chosen accourding to their basic skills and physical abilities.and above all they should be able to cooperate within amember of a team.The importance of the studt in identifying the personality traits differences between Elite female footballers and gymnasts. The aim of the study: 1. Identifying the personality traits of Elite national female gymnasts and footballers. 2. Making a comparison between the personality traity of the gymnasts and that of fenale footballers. The hypothesis was that there are statistical differences in some personality traits between female gymnasts and footballers.The subject of the study were (12) female players,(6) of them were gymnasts and the other (6) were footballers. The were tested using kattles’ test for personality traits that has (187) question testing (16) trait. The results showed significant differences between national elite female gymnasts and footballers in all traits corganization, sensitivity, control, anxiety, creativity and self-observation:

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Influence the development of explosive power and speed of the arms deals
تأثير تطوير القوة الانفجارية والمميزة بالسرعة للذراعين

المؤلفون: ali smoom alfartousi علي سموم الفرطوسي
الصفحات: 138-160
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الخلاصة

Basketball is characterized as one of the games that require its players to perform skills of specific characteristics and a precise technique. The performance of these skills is linked to specific requirements, the most important of which is power, this is clearly exemplified in the skill of shooting from jump shoot because this type of shooting requires the ability to jump to reach the highest level and the capability of the arm to push the ball strongly and speedily till it precisely reaches the net. The feature of the powers characterized by speed and explosiveness is linked to the performance of shooting from jumping more than in the other forms of power. These two powers can be developed by doing exercises, jacket exercises and medical balls and playometric exercises and others. The significance of this research lies in developing the power that is characterized by explosiveness and speed through the exercises of power, and identifying the effect of this develop on the level of jump shoot for basketball players. Aims of the research: • Knowing the effect of power exercises on the development of the power characterized by explosiveness and speed of arms and feet for advanced level basketball players. • Knowing the effect of power exercises on the development of the power characterized by explosiveness and speed of arms and feet on the level of jump shoot for advance level basketball players. Hypotheses of the research:- • The use of power exercises has a positive effect on the development of power characterized by explosiveness and speed of arms and feet for advance level basketball players. • The development of power characterized by explosiveness and speed of arms and feet for advance level basketball players has a positive effect on the improvement of the level of jump shoot. After presenting, analyzing and discussing the results the researcher concludes the following:- 1. Power exercises have a positive effect on the powers characterized by explosiveness and speed of arms and feet. 2. The development of the powers characterized by explosiveness and speed of arms and feet has an effect on the development of the level of jump shoot. 3. The results showed that the experimental group that used power exercises surpassed the disciplined group in all the variables of the study. The researcher recommends:- 1. It is necessary to vary the techniques of skill training during training units, like the skill of jump shoot in basketball. 2. The use of the variable power exercises as a training technique develops the performance of jump shoot. 3. inventing similar training techniques can develop the physical and skills aspect simultaneously and to be performed inside the ground for economy of effort, time and money exerted.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Relationship index kinetic energy corner of the trunk and the high center of gravity of the body in three-point correction of the basketball jump
علاقة مؤشر الطاقة الحركية الزاوية للجذع وارتفاع مركز ثقل الجسم بالتصويب بثلاث نقاط من القفز بكرة السلة

المؤلفون: Laith Fares Jamil ليث فارس جميل
الصفحات: 169-185
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الخلاصة

The Research aims at identifying the relationshop between the indicator of angular kinetic energy and three points jump shot as well as the relationshop between the center of body weight at the highest point and jump shot scoring. It also aims at identifying the relationshop between mechanical variables (angular kinetic energy indicator and the height of body weight at the highest point) and their effect on accuracy of scoring in Basketball. The subjects were (10) elite basketball players from (Al-Kerk, Al-Gaish, Al-Adamia, Al-Hilla, Dehook clubs), The researcher desigened a from to test the players who could perform the three point jump shot and the best were chosen for the test. After that the researcher designed a special form to test three point jump shot and he video taped the players during performance. The researcher used proper statistical methods and came up with a set of conclusions

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study the relationship between trait anxiety and fear and level of achievement of applicants in boxers
دراسة العلاقة بين سمة القلق النفسي والخوف ومستوى الانجاز لدى الملاكمين المتقدمين

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الخلاصة

The aim of study is to identify the relationship between state anxiety and phobia with achievement. Subjects were thirty – five elite boxers represented. The fist class clubs during 2005 – 2006. The study used phobia scale and sport anxiety scale for both positive and negative anxiety. Result showed a high negative correlation between phobia and achievement N T. also there was the same high correlation between anxiety and achievement in contest. The study recommended training with concentration on difficulties recovery for better performance.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of training on some distressed middle-functional variables according to the dynamic rhythm Bdorth physical
تأثير التدريب بالشدة المتوسطة على بعض المتغيرات الوظيفية وفق الايقاع الحيوي بدورته البدنية

المؤلفون: Mona Abdel-Sattar Hashim منى عبد الستار هاشم
الصفحات: 209-222
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الخلاصة

The physiological variables which by measured accurately by medical equipment or lab analyses are considerd as important indicators for those who are doing the training process by making or revising thir traning methods with that is suitable with performance aims and requirements in the ervious athletics games . The scientific experiments have proved that the biorhythm with its various cycles have a certain and clear impact on the various sides of anthletic performance . the refor its is necessary for the coach to take in to consideration the various biorhythm cycles between its negative and positive phases . The problem of the nesearch is that most of coaches do not attribute the reasons of differences between the blood comporents and som physiologyical variables to the effect of the research is to be acquainted with some of the boold components befor and after the physical straim in the negative and positive phases of the physical cycle of athletics and non-athletics. The assumptions have organized that there are differencse with statistical indication in som boold componets befor and after strain in the negative and positive phases for the physical sycle of the athletics and non- athletics . The sample of the research consists of ( 10 ) athletics and ( 10 ) non – athletics students from the college of physical education . It has been reached to that there are sensible differences among the physiological variables for the athletics during the negative phase of the physical cycle . It also has been reached to that the rates of these variables are `faster decrasing in the athletics that in the non – athletics because of the boold cycle activity inside the muscle , thus the compensation processes will be faster . The research recommends of doing research like this one upon another variables and their impants on other biorhythm cycles

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of using all of my style of learning (interactive - Prince) to learn the skill of rolling back on the balance beam
تأثير استخدام كل من أسلوبي التعلم ( التبادلي – الأمري ) في تعــلم مهـــارة الدحرجة الخلفي على عارضــة التـوازن

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الخلاصة

Traditional teaching methods currently followed are no more capable of keeping up with recent educational philosophies, which focus on using methods that make the student more reacting in the educational process by letting him join in placing the subjects needed for studying, and finding the situation where the student is more positive and active. So, the researchers have come to executing this research in order to know the effect of using the two learning means (reciprocal – imperative) in learning the back-rolling skill on the balance beam to follow up on the new direction in using the new methods in learning sports skills. The research aimed at introducing the effect of using the two learning methods (reciprocal – imperative) on the back-rolling skill on the balance beam on a performance level by girl students, and showing the most effective means on the skill performance level. The researchers have used the experimental method due to its convenience with the nature of this study. The research specimen consisted of (40 students / girls) from the third stage, and the duration of this research was two months. An arbitration committee formed of teachers corrected the movement. The study concluded that the reciprocal method in teaching the back-rolling skill on the balance beam surpassed the traditional method.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Sense perception - kinesthetic and its relationship to the performance of some of the skills on the table land movements, balance beam in gymnastics artistic
الإدراك الحس – حركي وعلاقته بمستوى أداء بعض المهارات على بساط الحركات الأرضية وعارضة التوازن في الجمناستك الفني

المؤلفون: susan salim dawod سوزان سليم داود
الصفحات: 299-317
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الخلاصة

The aims of the study :- 1. Identifying the level of sensory – Motor perception and the level of performance on the floor and in Artistic Gymnastics. 2. Identifying the level of sensory – Motor perception on the beam in Artistic Gymnastics. The Procedures: - 1. Method : A descriptive study . 2.subjects of the study: (6) female gymnasts of ( 11-13) years old. Statistical Analysis:- Mean , Standard deviation, correlation coefficient etc. Conclusion : 1. The gymnast has a strong sensory perception in the grip and this is shown through significant relationships between Arabia spring on the floor and the same jump on the beam as well as by testing the strength of the grip. 2. There was a weakness in the ability of sensory perception in balancing between the jump on the floor and on the beam.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Relationship focus attention level of performance skill of throwing and receiving some of the skills associated with the tool pillar in gymnastics rhythmic
علاقة تركيز الانتباه بمستوى أداء مهارة الرمي والاستلام لبعض المهارات المصاحبة لأداة الشاخص في الجمناستك الإيقاعي

المؤلفون: eman abd hassn ايمان عبد حسن
الصفحات: 330-342
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الخلاصة

The aim of the study : - Identifying the relationship between concentration of attention and the level of performing throwing and receiving the clup in Rhythmic Gymnastics. The procedures : - Method of Research: The descriptive method. - Subjects: First year female students of the college of physical Education – University Baghdad – Al – Jadria – they were (40) students. Statistical Analysis: Media, standard deviation, simple correlation coefficient. Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between concentration of attention and level of performing throwing and receiving the clup. Recommendations: 1. Developing the concentration of attention through teaching sessions. 2. Making similar studies about other aspects of attention. 3. Increasing the teachers information concerning the aspects of attention through making special training courses.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Mental imagery in volleyball is considered one of the most effective bases for good performance.
اثر التصور الذهني في تعلم دقة الإرسال المواجه من الأعلى( التنس ) بالكرة الطائرة

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الخلاصة

This is true especially in serving where the player builds his reaction from the position of his opponent, his style of moving while performing this skill all give indicators to his mind to take the correct dicession in regard of speed of the ball and its position. Most students cant perform mental imagery because it depends on cognitive ability that was not studied. The researcher proposed program used for specifying the effectively of developing this skill and finding if mastering it would positively affect achievement. Aims of the study: - designing a teaching program using mental imagery in learning the accuracy of serving in volleyball. - Identifying the effect of mental imagery in learning the accuracy of serving in volleyball. The hypothesis of the study: 1-The proposed teaching program has a positive effect in improving mental imagery and learning the accuracy of serving in volleyball. 2-There are statistical differences between are and post test for both group. The researcher used the experimental method The subjects were (40) students. The results showed improvement in the accuracy of performance as a result of improving mental imagery for the experimental group

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Albulayomterc impact exercises to develop explosive power level and motor nerve stimulation and motor unit area of effective lower limb muscles
تأثير تمارين البلايومترك في تطوير مستوى القدرة الانفجارية والتحفيز العصبي الحركي ومساحة الوحدة الحركية الفعالة لعضلات الطرف السفلي

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to prepare a training program by using plyometric style to develop the explosive power of lower limbs muscles and knowing the effect of using this program in developing the explosive power and the level of neural stimulation and the area of effective motor unit for the lower limbs muscles. The researchers hypothesis a significant differences between the pre and post test for the both groups (control and experimental), so there is a significant differences in the post test between the two groups (control and experimental) in the variable of study. The researchers used the experimental method, and the subject were (16) players from physical education team/University of Baghdad, which divided in to two groups (control and experimental) each one consist of (8) players. The researchers used standing vertical jump test to measure the explosive power and the electromyography (EMG) to measure the level of neural stimulation and the area of effective motor unit for the lower limbs muscles. The researchers concluded the effective of using plyometric exercises in developing the explosive power and the intensity of the level of neural stimulation and the area of effective motor unit for the lower limbs muscles, and the increase of neural stimulation and the area of motor unit have a significant effect on the power out put. The researchers recommended using plyometric exercises for developing the explosive power for the lower limbs muscles and to use (EMG) to identify the benefit of plyometric exercises.

الكلمات الدلالية

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