جدول المحتويات

مجلة زراعة الرافدين العراقية

ISSN: 1815316X
الجامعة: جامعة الموصل
الكلية: الزراعة والغابات
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

صدرت مجلة زراعة الرافدين لأول مرة عام 1966 واستمرت لغاية عام 1982، وتوقفت بعد ذلك لمدة ثلاث سنوات بسبب القرار الوزاري بتوزيع المجلات العلمية على الجامعات العراقية وحسب الاختصاصات حيث كانت حصة العلوم الزراعية لجامعة صلاح الدين التي أصدرت المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية (زانكو)، وكانت المجلة الوحيدة في العلوم الزراعية في وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي ، ثم صدرت مجلة زراعة الرافدين مرة أخرى وذلك في عام 1986 واستمرت إلى عام 2000 إذ تم اعتماد مجلة زراعة الرافدين مجلة قطرية وبهذا تم تغير اسمها إلى المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية . وحصلت على الرقم الدولي ISSN 1609-4077 واستمرت بالصدور إلى المجلة إلى عام 2004 إذ تم إعادة اسم المجلة إلى مجلة زراعة الرافدين واعتبرت مجلة قطرية – دورية-علمية – محكمة وحصلت على الرقم الدولي الجديد ISSN 1815-316X وصدر المجلد 33 العدد 1 وهو تسلسل مجلة زراعة الرافدين إذ أن المجلة أصدرت 32 مجلد قبل تحويلها إلى المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية. واستمرت المجلة في الصدور إلى الوقت الحاضر 2012 المجلد (40) .

كانت المجلة عند صدورها عام 1966 بعدد واحد سنوياً، وحالياً تصدر بأربعة أعداد دورية لكل سنة. ولابد من الإشارة إلى أن المجلة في بداية إصدارها عام 1966 كان يضم العدد خمسة بحوث باللغة الانكليزية، وتزايدت في الوقت الحاضر لتضم 30 بحثاً باللغتين العربية والانكليزية .

حصلت المجلة خلال مدة عملها على تقييمات وزارية عالية فقد حصلت هيئة التحرير في عام 1996 على كتاب شكر وتقدير من السيد الوزير لتميز المجلة ، كما اعتبرت المجلة متميزة في عام 2009 أيضا إذ حصلت على درع الوزارة وشهادة تقديرية .وقد حصلت المجلة في سنة 2012 على الاعتمادية الدولية وبالتالي اصبحت في متناول جميع دول العالم .

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معلومات الاتصال

E-mail:agrimeso@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2007 المجلد: 35 العدد: 3

Article
ESTIMATION OF HETROSIS, GENERAL AND SPECIFIC COMBINING ABILITY USING DIALLEL CROSS IN MAIZE (Zea mays L.)
تقدير قوة الهجين ,و القدرتين العامة و الخاصة على الائتلاف باستعمال التهجين التبادلي

المؤلفون: A. Abas Mohamad ارام عباس محمد
الصفحات: 2-16
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الخلاصة

Five maize genotypes (CMT 033066, CMT 033060, CMTQ 033072, CMS 983046, CMTQ 033070) were used in 5x5 diallel crossing with out reciprocals. Combining ability for some quantitative and physiological traits was studied. F1 hybrids and the parental genotypes were grown in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The analysis of data carried out according to Griffing (1956) Method 2 (fixed model). Significant mean squares due to genotypes were exhibited for all traits. Highly significant mean squares due to GCA was exhibited for all traits , except Photosynthetic rate which was found non significant. Also highly significant mean squares due to SCA was obtained for all traits except, photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate which was significant only and stomatal conductance was found not significant .The ratio 2GCA/2SCA was less than one for all traits, indicating the importance of non additive gene effect, with the exception of plant height which was more than one, indicating the importance of additive gene effect, and the average degree of dominance values was more than one for all traits, except plant high, indicating the over dominance gene effect role in controlling these characters. Heritability in broad sense was high for all studied characters, while in narrow sense heritability was high for plant height only, moderate for transpiration rate and stomatal conductance and low for the remainder traits.

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Article
SEED GERMINATION AND SEEDLING EMERGENCE OF Sorghum alepenseL IN RELATION TO THE POSITION OF DEVELOPMENT SEEDS ON INFLORESENCE AND TIME OF SEED MATURITY
إختلاف إنبات بذور وظهور البادرات لدغل الحليان Sorghum halepense L حسب موقع البذرة في النورة ووقت نضجها

المؤلفون: A . M . Sultan أحمد محمد سلطان
الصفحات: 2-7
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الخلاصة

Pots experiment was carried out at the College of Agric & Forestry , Mosul University in summer growing season of 2003 to determine the percentage of germination and seedling emergence for Sorghum halepense L seed which developed from different positions on infloresence of mother plant in relating to different time of seed maturity . Data was subjected to the convertional analysis of complete Randomized Design ( C.R.D ) as a factorial experiment . Result indicated that the germination percentage had significantly reduced 60.1 % when the seeds matured at october comparing with the seed maturity at july . On other hand , Seed that had been taken from lower part of infloresence had less variability or less percentage of germination than those taken from upper part of infloresence . Dry weight of emergering seedling also reduced up to 35.7 % when it was collected at september than at August , while 18.6 had reduced in dry weight from the seeds had matured from the lower part of mother infloresence .

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Article
EFFECT OF SOME PLOW TYPES ON SOME SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES UNDER SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
تأثير بعض أنواع المحاريث على بعض الصفات الفيزيائية للتربة تحت أنظمة الري بالرش

المؤلفون: Yassen H. Al-Tahan ياسين هاشم الطحان
الصفحات: 8-15
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in telefar region, Mosul governorate during agriculture season 2002-2003 to study the effect of three plow types (mold board , Chisel and one way disk) with two plowing depths (10-15 cm) and (15-20 cm) and two sprinkler irrigation system on soil physical properties (bulk density , porosity , moisture content and soil penetration resistance) randomized complete block design (split – split plot design) was used and the results analyzed statistically. The results showed that the one way disk plow with the solid set sprinkler irrigation system surpassed in bulk density and porosity after plowing. The same plow with the two studied depth and the same irrigation system after germination irrigation and final irrigation surpassed in bulk density and porosity as well as soil penetration resistance characteristics. In moisture content of the soil the one way disk plow with depth of plowing (15-20) cm and the a center pivot sprinkler irrigation system significantly surpassed after plowing and after germination irrigation. After the final irrigation, the moldboard plow and the same plowing depth and the same irrigation system surpassed in moisture content characteristic.Also the moldboard plow with the plowing depth (10-15) cm with irrigation system surpassed in soil penetration resistance .

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Article
HOST PREFERENCE OF Callosobruchus maculatus (FAB.) AND THEIR EFFECT ON SOME BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERS WITH PAQRTICULA REFERENCE TO ITS CONTROL.
التفضيل الغذائي لخنفساء اللوبيا الجنوبيةCallosobruchus maculatus Fab. واثر ذلك في بعض الاوجه الحياتية لها ، مع أشارة خاصة لمكافحتها.

المؤلفون: O.S. Mohammad أسـامـة سـعيـد محمد
الصفحات: 16-26
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الخلاصة

Weevils were diet on various legume seeds had significant effects on their biological aspect processes. High mean of egg numbers was 69.6 eggs / female which lay on cowpea seeds, while in chickpeas were 40.2 eggs/female. Period 5.2 days, while the kidney bean gave the shortest period 4.2 days. The highest percentage of egg hatching was 90 % for the kidney bean seeds, while the lowest percentage was 80% in chickpeas. Lentil seeds produced the longest larval-pupal duration being 29.8 days, the cowpea seeds had the shortest period 23.3 days. Survival of larvae hatched from eggs laid on kidney beans stay died after a short time of hatching. The highest percentage of adults emerged was 81.6 % in case of feeding on cowpea seeds, while the lowest was 41.3% when the larvae grown on lentil seeds. Development of larvae on various kinds of seeds had significant effect on the adult longevity and the highest mean for female and male adults were 9.8 & 9.0 days respectively, for the larvae reared on cowpea seeds. While the duration is reduced to 5.1 days for females and to 4.2 days for males that produced from larvae fed on lentil seeds. The longevity of the females was longer than that of males in all cases. Significant differences in weight loss of applied pulses as continuous exposure for 4 months were concluded, which take 57.5, 48.3, 33.0, 8.8 & zero % for cowpea, green gram, chickpea, lentil & kidney beans respectively. The highly infested seeds of cowpea gave the lowest percentage of germination with an average of 8.8 % in comparison with that of non-infested 72%. The results indicated that the slices of garlic and four plant extracts were showed a high significant effects on the adult mortality for one day after treatment as follows : garlic slices > garlic extract > menthum extract>basil extract > celery extract >.

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Article
EFFECT OF COLD AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF FICUS CARCIA LEAVES ON SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BLOOD AND TISSUES IN RATS
تأثير المستخلص المائي البارد لاوراق التين في بعض الخواص الكيموحيوية للدم والأنسجة في الجرذان

المؤلفون: سميرة محمد الكاتب Sameira M. Al-Katib
الصفحات: 17-26
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الخلاصة

Different concentrations of cold aqueous extract Ficus carcia leaves were studied on the levels of glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, total lipids, Aspartate amino transferase (AST) and Alanine amino transferase (ALT) activity and total protein in the serum and in the liver glycogen level and total protein in the liver and heart of the normal rats. 25 male albino wistar rats derived were used, with age 3-4 month, and weight 225-300 g. The rats were divided randomly into five groups. The first group was injected with distilled water and consumed the control group. The second, third, fourth and fifth groups were injected intraperitonealy with 100, 200, 300, and 400 mg/kg B.W with aqueous extract of Ficus carcia leaves. The blood, liver, and heart tissues were collected. The statistical results showed a significant decrease in the glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides and total lipids. While a significant increase in the Aspartate amino transferase (AST) and Alanine amino transferase (ALT) activity was showed in group 5of both compared with the control group (P < 0.05). In the tissues a significant reduction showed in the liver glycogen, for all concentration of the injected extract while insignificant differences were showed in the liver and heart total protein compared with the control group (P < 0.05). It was concluded that the cold aqueous extract of ficus carcia leaves has a biochemical role in the regulation and controlling the metabolic reaction through decreasing the glucose and lipids levels.

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Article
COMBINATION EFFECTS BETWEE N HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA AND QUERCUS INFECTORIA EXTRACTS AGAINST SEVERAL GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIA
دراســة تأثير تداخل مستخلصي الشاي الأحمر Hibiscus sabdariffa وعفص البلــوط

المؤلفون: Bayda A. Yahya بيداء عبد الرزاق يحيى
الصفحات: 27-33
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الخلاصة

The antibacterial activities of Hibiscus sabdariffa and Quercus infectoria extracts were screend against 5 spicies of Gram negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens, Proteus vulgaris and Klebsiella pneumonia. Calyces of Hibiscus sabdariffa and nutgalls of Quercus infectoria were extracted in acetone using a soxhlet apparatus. Extracts of the plants showed high antibacterial activities on all types of bacteria tested using the disc diffusion method and comparing with the standard antibiotics Gentamicin and cephalexin . The combined effect of the two extracts was also studied against the tester bacteria, and found increase the inhibition zone diameters at all concentrations, except in S. marcescens which was inhibited at concentrations from 200-6.25 mg/ml and Pr.vulgaris which appeared more sensitive against the combination between the two extracts. The calculated inhibition zone reached 25 mm using the concentration 200 mg/ml which is greater than the control effects. The study also determined the Minimum Inhibitiory Concentration MIC of the two extracts and the combination between them. The bacteria also showed high sensitivity against the extract combination,with Pr. vulgaris was also more sensitive than other bacteria. The calculated MIC reached 0.0625 mg/ml meanwhile. K. pneumonia appeared less sensitivity, the calculated MIC was 0.125 mg/ml.

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Article
RELATIVE EFFICIENCY OF SELECTION INDICES FOR GRAIN YIELD IN BREAD WHEAT (Triticum aestivum L.)
الكفاءة ألنسبية لأدلة إنتخاب حاصــل الحبوب في حنطة الخبز (Triticum aestivum L.)

المؤلفون: نجيب قاقوس يوسف N.K.Yousif
الصفحات: 28-32
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الخلاصة

Six traits of bread wheat in 15 F2 generation of crosses from 6×6 diallel mating system with their parents were studied. The relative efficiency over grain yield from selection based on several indices were calculated . The results indicated that there was an increase in efficiency of selection for yield from 12.986 to 122.372% in various indices, which indicated that a selection index based on combination of traits, including number of spikes , spike length, 100 grains weight and number of grains per spike was superior to all selection indices, therefore the selection based on these four traits is recommended.

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Article
EFFECT OF THYME LEAVES ON BLOOD GLUCOSE , REPRODUCTIVE AND PR0DUCTIVE PARAMETERS IN MALE AND FEMALE LOCAL RABBITS
تأثير ورق نبات الزعتر في كلوكوز الدم وبعض الصفات التناسلية والإنتاجية لذكور وإناث الأرانب المحلية

المؤلفون: Khalid Hassani Sultan خالد حساني سلطان
الصفحات: 34-41
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Thyme leaves( Thymus vulgaris ) on blood glucose, as well as, their reflection on body weight , mean body weight increment and feed efficiency in males and females local rabbits, and its effects on some reproductive characters, as testes and uterine weight and puberty age .The rabbits which were of 12 weeks old had been divided into 4 groups each 6 rabbits ( 2 replicates ) for males and females . Rabbits of 1st group ( males ) and of the 2nd group ( females ) were fed on the standard ration ( control ) , while the 3rd ( males ) and the 4th ( females ) groups were fed on standard ration containing 2 % thyme leaves for 10 weeks . And to determine the puberty age , 4 sexually mature males and 4 sexually mature females were used since the 6th week of experiment. Blood samples were obtained at the end of the 10th week. The results revealed a significant hypoglycemic effect of thyme leaves in both sexes which reflected significantly as an increase in body weight, mean body weight increment and feed efficiency improvement in both sexes ( females were better than males ), the treatment also causes a significant increase in uterine weight percent to body weight that leads to reduce the female puberty ages significantly.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
LEVEL OF IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR WHEAT CULTIVATORS IN RABEAA DISTRICT NINEVEH GOVERNORATE AND ITS RELATIONS WITH THEIR TRAINING NEEDS
تحديد أهمية التقنيات الزراعية الموصى بها لمزارعي الحنطة في ناحية ربيعة بمحافظة نينوى من وجهة نظر المزارعين أنفسهم وعلاقتها باحتياجاتهم التدريبية*

المؤلفون: Radwan T. Al-Kashab رضوان ذنون يونس الخشاب
الصفحات: 42-49
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الخلاصة

The objectives of this research were to determine the importance of Agricultural technologies for the wheat cultivators in Rabeaa District in Nenevah Governorate and to find out the relationship between the importance and training needs of the cultivators. The research sample included 144 respondents. A questionnaire was developed to collect the data which was analyzed by using the Arithmetic mean and percentage and spearman rank correlation. It was found that 63% of the respondent stated that agricultural technologies were highly important for their agricultural work, and 54% of then feel a high need for training. The item (How to use Deices insecticide for controlling Sunn pesta) get the first rank order for its importance and training need. It was also found that there is a significant correlation between the ranking of the research items according to their importance on one hand, and that of the training needs on the other.

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Article
MEASURING THE SHARE OF STRUCTURAL CHANGES OF AGRICULTURE IN IRAQ BY USING FACTOR SHARE APPROACH FOR THE PERIOD 1975-2000
قياس مساهمة التغيرات الهيكلية في الزراعة العراقية باستخدام Factor Share Approach

المؤلفون: Aswan Abdul-Kadir Zaydan سالم يونس النعيمي
الصفحات: 50-56
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الخلاصة

This paper tries to analyze structural changes of agricultural sector in Iraq for the period 1975-2000A.D in order to understand the changes taken place in agricultural domestic product. The relation ship between the agricultural domestic product being a followed Variance and all (the added Value, agricultural investment, the ratio of Fixed agricultural Capital, agricultural Fixed Capital, agricultural area, the density of using Fertilizer, the ratio of agricultural Labour Force, total Labour Force) as independent changes. It was clear from the analysis the effect of each (added Value, agricultural investment, the ratio of Fixed agricultural Capital, agricultural Labour, agricultural area, ratio of agricultural Labour Force, total Labour Force) . The ratio of elements of Factor Share Approach had been calculated and these shares had remanded that the agricultural area had got a huge growth of 37.2% and the added Value about 29.3% and ratio in participation with investment about 25.9%.then there is the density of Fertilizers usage about 25.3% and the agricultural Fixed Capital about 20.1% and finally the ratio of agricultural Labour force/total labour force about 69.3-%.

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Article
BACTERIAL SOFT ROT OF POTATO AND ITS CONTROL
التعفن الطري البكتيري في البطاطا ومقاومته

المؤلفون: S.M. Al-Jubbury صالح محمد الجبوري
الصفحات: 57-69
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الخلاصة

Survey carried under two different storing condition, showed that the incidence and severity of soft rot of potatoes were very high in none-cooled stores with the values of 28.92% and 0.11 respectively while the lowest was in cold storage with values 20.94% and 0.07 respectively. The following treatments were used in this study to control the disease: 1×10 4 cell/ml of Bacillus subtills, 10gm/kg of Halex 5ml/L of ciprofloxacin, 1ml/L of Bettanol, and 4% sodiume hypochlorate. All the above treatment lead to reduce the rate and the severity of the disease and to reduce the effect of the Erwinia carotovora on the stem high, dry weight of foliage and total weight of tubers per plant . the treatment with biological fertilizer (Halex) exceeded all the others in field and green house experiments . Reducing the rate and severity of soft rot disease in the storage foliage was cut before harvesting and when was near to mature, in two different dates (two and four days) after the last irrigation of the field. Harvesting the tubers after eight days after last irrigation from cutting the foliage led to reduce the rate and severity of soft rot of the tubers and severity of soft rot of the tubers in the cooled storage, with the values of 15.62% and 0.13, respectively. Curing of tubers after harvesting and before interning to the storage was achieved by leaving them in shadow for two or four days. The rate and the severity of tubers soft rot in the cooled storage with the values of 9.76% and 0.08, respectively.

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Article
FISH PRODUCTION IN BASRAH CANAL AND SHATT AL-ARAB
إنتاجية الأسماك في قناة البصرة ونهر شط العرب

المؤلفون: Ali A. Jasim علي عبد الوهاب جاسم
الصفحات: 70-77
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الخلاصة

Economical fish production in Basrah canal and Shatt Al-Arab River had been studied during October 2001 until September 2002, using same catch condition in the two environments. Study shows that catch efforts in Basrah canal equal to 0.26kg/h, while in shatt al-Arab was 0.47kg/h , and the annual production in Basrah canal was 13.68kg/hec/year and 21.47kg/hec/year in Shatt Al-Arab River. The total catch per year was 3.4 and 209.33 ton in Basrah canal and Shatt Al-Arab respectively.2991 fishes were caught which represented 44 species of them 22 mostly riverine species from Shatt Al-Arab river and 33 mostly marine species from Basrah canal.

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Article
TURN OF WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION IN ACHIEVING SUITABLE LEVELS OF FOOD SECURITY IN LOW INCOME COUNTRIES
دور منظمة التجارة العالمية في تحقيق مستويات ملائمة من الأمن الغذائي في بلدان منخفضة الدخل

المؤلفون: Fadwa Ali Hussein فدوى علي حسين
الصفحات: 78-90
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الخلاصة

The study depended on a hypothesis that world trade organizations policies have various impacts on achieving food security levels in the developing countries in accordance with the economic structures and the level of their economic growth for the period 1975-2003. To approve this hypothesis a sample of the developing countries was selected including Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Thailand and Pakistan. Time series data were used in estimating the phenomenon under study for each country as they reflect the effects of World Trade Organization policies in achieving levels of food security. The following results were driven: Agricultural economic revealing variable contributed in increasing the agricultural gap value with (37.5%) of the sample countries and the other part of the effect was distributed between either negative or neutral in other states. Positive effects in direct foreign investment to total local product was (50%) of the agricultural gap for the sample countries and the negative and neutral effects were for other countries. The study recommends the following : Improving the competitive ability of the agricultural products in the local and international markets under the current economic transformations imposed by the World Trade Organization agreements by increasing the level of the agricultural production that is one of the pillars that economic integration should depend on in the developing countries. Separating economic work from policy through agreements to achieve Arabic economic integration partially and totally.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
COMPARISON THE PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF TOW BROILER HYPRIDS
مقارنة الأداء الإنتاجي لهجن من فروج اللحم

المؤلفون: Majid A. Aluaimy ماجد احمد صبري ألنعيمي
الصفحات: 91-96
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in the Agricultural Research Center of American University of Beirut from 11/3 to 21/4/2005 to evaluated the performance of two commercial broiler hybrids ( Cobb 500 and Hubbard Classic )for investigating the more respond one of these hybrids to breeding within environment conditions under control .400 of one- day- aged unsexed birds were used ( 200 for each hybrid ). The results of the statistical analysis of data collected during the experiment period from 1_21 and 22_42 days-old showed that the performance of the Cobb 500 hybrid was significantly ( P ≤ 0.05 ) superior to that of Hubbard Classic . The live body weight for Cobb 500 was heavier in that , the mean reached ( 690.5 and 2210 g ) at 21 and 42 day age respectively , while Hubbard weights ( 618.75 and 2095.75 g ) at both ages respectively. The type of hybrid as well had significant effect ( P ≤ 0.05 ) on the feed conversion where the birds of hybrid Cobb 500 were superior in this trait than those of Hubbard Classic , the feed conversion coefficient of two types of hybrids were (1.495 and 1.548 g feed intake / g weight gain ) during the starter period and ( 2. 067 and 2.120 g feed intake/ g weight gain ) during the growth period for both hybrid respectively.The mortality percentage was significantly low in Cobb 500 hybrid than Hubbard Classic during the total breeding period where was (2.89 and 14.88 % ) for both hybrids respectively .The results of yield factor of the total breeding period showed that significant differences to hybrid Cobb 500 vs Hubbard Classic revealed and were (269.8 and 214.42 ) for both respectively . According we can conclude that the hybrid Cobb 500 was superior in all essential production indicatory than Hubbard Classic .

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Article
EFFECT OF WHEAT SEED SIZE AND SOWING DEPTH ON GERMINATION AND SOME SEEDLING CHARACTERISTICS
تأثير حجم بذور القمح وعمق الزراعة على صفات الإنبات وبعض صفات البادرات الناتجة

المؤلفون: Mohamed A . Al-Noori محمد عبد الوهاب ألنوري
الصفحات: 98-102
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الخلاصة

Experiment were carried out in field crops experiment location in 2006-2007 to investigate the effect of seed size and sowing depth on germination and seedling characters . Wheat seeds of Sham-6 variety were separated by size ( small , Medium , and large ) using standard sieves no. 7 and no. 8 . The seeds passed through sieve no.8 (2.36 mm) were small , while those passed through sieve no. 7 (2.83 mm) were medium , the seed retained on sieve no.7 were large . Seeds sown at 2 , 4 and 6 cm depth in plastic pots filled with loamy soil . The results demonstrate a significant predominance of large seeds in percentage and speed of germination , seedling elongation velocity , fresh and dry weight of seedlings and roots , tall of the longest root and the percentage of consumed food reserve in seeds . There is a significant decrease in no. of days to complement germination and occurrence of second leaf in 50 % seedling , there are markedly similarity between large and medium seeds . The seedling grown from 2 and 4 cm depths were predominance in most characters comparing with that grown from 6 cm depth . The interaction were significant in most characters , the general trend were the mastery of large seeds in lower depth in most characteristics , simple correlation coefficient was determined between all characters . This trail shows obvious differences in growth due to variation in seed size and sowing depth , so raising in seed size uniformity may achieve uniform growth which will reflect on final yield .

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Article
BORON DESORPTION IN SOME CALCAREOUS SOILS OF NINEVEH GOVERNORATE / NORTH OF IRAQ
تحرر البورون الممتز في بعض الترب الكلسية لمحافظة نينوى/شمال العراق

المؤلفون: M.A.J.Al-Obaidi محمد علي جمال ألعبيدي
الصفحات: 103-111
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الخلاصة

The investigation was conducted to study the behavior of boron desorption in three calcareous soils, classified as calciorthid. The experiment of boron sorption was conducted by using a different concentrations (0,0.5,1,2,4,6,8,10,20) mg B.L-1 (as boric acid) at 298ْ k while desorption experiment was conducted from adsorbed soils by using (0.01) M CaCl2 at (289 ْ k ) in order to study of boron hystersis. Langmuir model was used to describe capability of boron adsorption / desorption then the desorption index was calculated. Obtained results showed that boron adsorption energy was (0.843-0.069) L. mg -1 while boron desorption energy was ( 10.037-22.683) L. mg-1, while the boron desorption index was ( 1.32 - 3.66) for this reason the boron adsorption was not reversible.

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Article
THE RELATION BETWEEN HONEY STORAGE AND POLLEN GRAINS AT HONEY BEES WORKERS (Apis Mellifera L) ACTIVITY ON WANDERING AND COLLECTION TO PROVIDE FOOD NECESSARY FOR THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE COLONY
العلاقة بين مخزون العسل وحبوب اللقاح في الاوقات التي تنشط فيها شغالات نحل العسل

المؤلفون: Mahdi Mohammed Salih Saeed مهدي محمد صالح سعيد
الصفحات: 112-129
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الخلاصة

Effect of storing honey and pollen grains for bees workers on groups of honey bees (strong. medium. weak) show that the best area was for the strong groups and the least for the weak ones. The best periods of storage after collecting honey was on June 25th and for pollen grains on May 15th. for the open broad on May 15th and for the closed broad on May 25th for all the groups. The best wandering for the three groups as related to the collection of pollen grains was for the strong hives and the less for the weak ones. The best periods of wandering was on June 16th and for pollen grains on May 25th for all the groups. Simple correlation (r) results were significantly positive for the correlation of honey. pollen grains. open and closed broad. honey bees wandering and pollen grains at 0.01 probability. The correlation of stored honey area with honey bees wandering was highly significant 92% and also with the stored pollen grains with the honey bees wandering 68% .

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Article
THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURAL TV PROGRAMME IN DIFFUSING MODERN AGRI. IDEAS & PRACTICES AMONG FARMERS OF BAGERAT COLLECTIV TOWN DOHUK PROVINCE IRAQ
دور البرنامج الزراعي التلفزيوني في نشر الأفكار والممارسات الزراعية الحديثة بين زراع مجمع باكيرات/محافظة دهوك

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الخلاصة

This study is an investigation for the role of agri. TV programme in the diffusing modern agri. ideas and practices among farmers of Bagerat collective town in Dohuk province throughout the recognition of their watching the agri. TV programme and their opinions and points of views have been investigated and taken into consideration , also finding out the relationship between some respondents characteristics and their watching the programme.Data were collected by personal interviews with the help of a questionnaire.A sample of(76)farmers out of(200)was taken by using the simple random sample technique.Data were analyzed by using correlation coefficient and chi-square by using the computer. This research achieves the following results,62% of respondents watching the programme sometime , 28% Rarely, 68% did not know the day presentation of the programme , 71% understand the programmes, subjects partially, 57% of the viewers mentioned that they got little benefit of programs, subjects . The following factors showed non significant correlation with farmers, viewing the programme '' farmers, age , family size and farm size'' while '' farmers, education , type of land tenure'' showed positive relation ship with farmers, viewing the agri. TV programme. According to the findings , the researcher recommend , necessary work has to be made to change time of programme presentation , variation of presentation methods, strengthen the relation ship with the farmers, and taking care of characterstics of family members.

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Article
INTEGRATION BETWEEN INSECT GROWTH INHIBITORS, TRIGARD AND Coccinella septempunctata (L.) IN CONTROLLING
التكامل بين مثبط النمو الحشري تريكارد والدعسوقة ذات السبع نقاط في مكافحة مَن الباقلاء الأسود

المؤلفون: Nazar M. Al-Mallah نزار مصطفى الملاح
الصفحات: 139-144
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الخلاصة

Results of the integration study between insect growth inhibitors Trigard (Cyromazine 75% W.P.) and ladybird beetle Coccinella septempunctata (L.) in controlling black bean aphid, Aphis fabae (Scopoli), showed that Trigard exhibit a good effect in controlling Aphis fabae. The results also revealed the existence of variation in a predation efficiency of males and females of ladybird according to the treatment method and Trigard concentration, and showed that the highest average of males predation efficiency reached 56.8, and 53.5%, and for females 53.5, and 52.7% when the plant leaf treated by 0.15% Trigard concentration respectively. The results also showed a variation in average mortality percentage of Coccinella septempunctata (L.) males and females after five days from the treatment according to the treatment method and Trigard concentration, the highest mortality percentage in males and females were 47.3, and 43.2%, respectively when spraying Tigard at 0.5% concentration on plant leaf, Aphids and Ladybird together.

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Article
EVALUATION OF SOME PARAMETERS OF SUBSOILER (DOUBLE TINE) PLOW PERFORMANCE IN CLAY SILTY SOIL
تقييم الأداء الحقلي للمحراث تحت التربة ( ثنائي السلاح ) من خلال بعض مؤشرات الأداء في التربة الغرينية الطينية

المؤلفون: Yousif. Y . Hilal يوسف يعقوب هلال
الصفحات: 145-156
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الخلاصة

A field research was to conducted to evaluate the performance of double tines plow by studying some performance parameters ( draught force , disturbed soil area and energy utilization efficiency ) .The double tines plow – which manufactured in the state mechanical industry in Al- scandiria – applied at unplowed and plowed clay silty soils with four plowing depth (25,35,45 and 55 cm). these results were compared with the results of (standard treatment) single tine plow . the results indicated that the using of double tines plow led to increase the draught force by 11%, 100% of disturbed soil area and by 90 % of energy utilization efficiency in compared with single subsoiler plow treatment. High significant increasing in those parameters were showed with increasing of plowing depth at both tested soils and high energy utilization efficiency was recorded at 55 cm soil depth with application of subsoiler double tines plow.

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