جدول المحتويات

مجلة زراعة الرافدين العراقية

ISSN: 1815316X
الجامعة: جامعة الموصل
الكلية: الزراعة والغابات
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

صدرت مجلة زراعة الرافدين لأول مرة عام 1966 واستمرت لغاية عام 1982، وتوقفت بعد ذلك لمدة ثلاث سنوات بسبب القرار الوزاري بتوزيع المجلات العلمية على الجامعات العراقية وحسب الاختصاصات حيث كانت حصة العلوم الزراعية لجامعة صلاح الدين التي أصدرت المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية (زانكو)، وكانت المجلة الوحيدة في العلوم الزراعية في وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي ، ثم صدرت مجلة زراعة الرافدين مرة أخرى وذلك في عام 1986 واستمرت إلى عام 2000 إذ تم اعتماد مجلة زراعة الرافدين مجلة قطرية وبهذا تم تغير اسمها إلى المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية . وحصلت على الرقم الدولي ISSN 1609-4077 واستمرت بالصدور إلى المجلة إلى عام 2004 إذ تم إعادة اسم المجلة إلى مجلة زراعة الرافدين واعتبرت مجلة قطرية – دورية-علمية – محكمة وحصلت على الرقم الدولي الجديد ISSN 1815-316X وصدر المجلد 33 العدد 1 وهو تسلسل مجلة زراعة الرافدين إذ أن المجلة أصدرت 32 مجلد قبل تحويلها إلى المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية. واستمرت المجلة في الصدور إلى الوقت الحاضر 2012 المجلد (40) .

كانت المجلة عند صدورها عام 1966 بعدد واحد سنوياً، وحالياً تصدر بأربعة أعداد دورية لكل سنة. ولابد من الإشارة إلى أن المجلة في بداية إصدارها عام 1966 كان يضم العدد خمسة بحوث باللغة الانكليزية، وتزايدت في الوقت الحاضر لتضم 30 بحثاً باللغتين العربية والانكليزية .

حصلت المجلة خلال مدة عملها على تقييمات وزارية عالية فقد حصلت هيئة التحرير في عام 1996 على كتاب شكر وتقدير من السيد الوزير لتميز المجلة ، كما اعتبرت المجلة متميزة في عام 2009 أيضا إذ حصلت على درع الوزارة وشهادة تقديرية .وقد حصلت المجلة في سنة 2012 على الاعتمادية الدولية وبالتالي اصبحت في متناول جميع دول العالم .

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معلومات الاتصال

E-mail:agrimeso@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2011 المجلد: 39 العدد: 3

Article
EFFECT OF BODY CONDITION SCORE OF HAMDANI AND KARADI EWES ON THEIR REPRODUCTIVE AND MEAT PRODUCTIVITY OF THEIR LAMBS
تأثير تدريج جسم النعاج الحمدانية والكرادية في أدائها الإنتاجي وإنتاجية مواليدها من اللحوم

المؤلفون: Imad Al-Deen M. Dahal
الصفحات: 1-7
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الخلاصة

Eighty five Hamdani (H) and 41 Karadi (K) ewes were included in four body condition score (BCS) groups, to study the effect of ewe BCS at tapping on their fertility, lambing percentage, milk production, lamb weights, carcase weight and meat production and their financial returns. Ewes were fed 400g /day/head of concentrate ration which increased to 1 kg/day/head during lactating season. Lambs were on concentrate free feeding from weaning to slaughter. Ewes in BCS3 were found to have significant (p< 0.05) superiority than those in BCS1 and 4 in fertility percentage and than both breed ewes in BCS1 and K ewes in BCS4 in lambing percentage . The significant (p< 0.05) high milk production of the two breed ewes in BCS3 hence for significant (p< 0.05) heavier lamb weaning weight and ADG for H and K breed when compared to those in BCS1 and BCS2 .BCS3 group drew a head of others in weaning percentage and lamb weaning weight to original ewe number ratio for H and K breed. While the lower recoreds were observed for both breed lambs in BCS1 . H and K lambs in BCS3 last 145 and 162.5 days to slaughter which were significantly (p<0.05) shorter than those 200.7 , zero days of both breeds in BCS1 respectively. Carcase weight of H and K lambs in BCS3 and BCS1 were 13.8, 13.3 kg and 11.8, zero kg respectively. While carcase weight to original H and K ewe number ratio in BCS3 and BCS1 was found to be 12.4, 11.8 and 5.1, 0.0 respectively. So the financial returns of the BCS1,2,3 and 4 could be summarize 61200, 93600 ,148800 and 109200 ID for the H breed and 0.0, 106800, 141600 and 72000 ID for K breed respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE LEVEL OF RURAL WOMAN KNOWLEDGE IN DOMAIN ANIMALS BREEDING AND ITS RELATION WITH SOME VARIABLES FIELD STUDY IN THE TWO VILLAGES OF
مستوى معارف المرأة الريفية في مجال تربية الحيوانات وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات دراسة ميدانية في قريتي الشريخان والقبة / محافظة نينوى*

المؤلفون: Zeki H. AL-Leela زكي حسن الليلة
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

The present study aims basically at an assessment of the knowledge of rural area women , the animals breeding domain. Also it aims at specifying the relationship and difference between rural women knowledge and the independent related variables. Women in the two villages of AL-Shraikhan and Qubba in Nineveh governorate areas. Random sample forming a percentage of 10% using a questionnaire form (a test method) prepared specially to asses the knowledge of rural area women in this domain, the first part of it consists of measuring independent variables, the second part of it consists test to measure rural women level in animal breeding domain consisting of (26) items in regard with (cows and chicken). After making sure of its' validity, its' reliability was measured by using half split method. Then, the data were analyzed by using statistical tools: Mean, Person Coefficient, Croscal Wells, and Stepwise Regression. The results showed that 87% of rural women have middle or low level knowledge. The results also showed that the knowledge level of rural women in animals breeding domain is not related to: age, educational level of the subjects, family level of education, standard of living, and family previous work. The level of woman knowledge is related only to number of family members working in animals breeding and the sources of information depended on that particular domain.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ESTIMATION OF LEAD AND CADMIUM LEVELS IN MUSCLES, LIVERS AND KIDNEYS OF SLAUGHTERED CATTLE IN MOSUL CITY
تقدير مستويات الرصاص والكادميوم في عضلات وأكباد وكلى الأبقار المذبوحة في مدينة الموصل

المؤلفون: Hiba S. Al-naemi هبة صلاح الدين النعيمي
الصفحات: 8-15
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الخلاصة

Lead and cadmium levels were estimated in 225 samples of muscles, livers and kidneys of slaughtered cattle (75 samples of each). The samples were collected from butcher shops in Mosul City and they were analyzed for the presence of these heavy metals by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The mean concentrations of lead in muscles, livers and kidneys of slaughtered cattle were 0.071, 0.472 and 0.398 mg/kg, respectively. Of these muscle, liver and kidney samples, 2.67%, 17.33% and 12% of samples, respectively, were exceeded the permissible limits for lead in these tissues which proposed by the European Commission (EC). Results showed that mean concentrations of lead in livers and kidneys were significantly higher (p<0.05) than that reported in muscles. For cadmium results showed that muscle, liver and kidney samples of slaughtered cattle were contained mean values of 0.009, 0.0591 and 0.0979 mg/kg, respectively, and that only 1.33% and 2.67% of liver and kidney samples exceeded the maximum acceptable limits of the EC, respectively, while all muscle samples contained levels within the EC limit for cadmium. Significant differences (p<0.05) in the mean concentrations of cadmium were recorded between the studied tissues as the highest mean concentration was reported in the kidneys, then in the livers, while the muscles contained the minimum mean concentration. Also results showed that mean concentrations of lead in muscles, livers and kidneys of slaughtered cattle were significantly higher (p<0.05) than that reported about cadmium in the same tissues, respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE ECONOMIC USEFULNESS OF PRODUCING MEDICAL PLANTS PROJECT IN THE CITY OF MOSUL
الجدوى الاقتصادية لمشروع انتاج النباتات الطبية في مدينة الموصل

المؤلفون: Kays Nadhim Ghazal(1) قيس ناظم غزال
الصفحات: 10-18
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الخلاصة

The research aims at studying the economic usefulness of producing medical plants project un the city of Mosul bu using economic evaluation criteria. A sample of medical plants was chosen including Ghazing, Coriander, Chamomile and black Cumin. As for the reason behind choosing them, that is because they are local raw materials involved in manufacturing many pharmatical formulas and the wild abundant production in the city of Mosul in addition to consider them as an important economic resource. For the sake of refuting the hypothesis of the research, the criteria of commercial earning i.e. the portion of earnings to costs which reached 1.408 and the current next value of the additional cash flow which reached 576745 Iraqi Dinars and the rate of the internal earnings that reached 34.87%. the total costs of the proposed project reached 75927579 Iraqi Dinars, and the total additional value of the duration of the project 50699456 Iraqi Dinars equal to 42605 US Dollar by exchange rate 1119 Dinar / US Dollar.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS AND TIMING OF BORON FOLIAR APPLICATION ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF SUNFLOWER GENOTYPES (Helianthus annuus L.)
تأثير استخدام رش البورون بمستويات ومواعيد مختلفة في نمو وحاصل ونوعية تراكيب وراثية من

المؤلفون: Ayad T. Shaker اياد طلعت شاكر
الصفحات: 16-24
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الخلاصة

Two field experiments were conducted at AL-Rashidia Location, west north Mosul city , Nineveh province, during two successive growing of 2008 : spring and autumn, in a sandy Loam soil to study the response growth , yield and quality of four sunflower genotypes to boron levels and timing of foliar application. Each experiment comprised four sunflower genotypes (Euroflor , Record , Coban and ALbena) , three levels of boron foliar application (0,3 and 6 mg. l-1) , and three timing of boron sprayed on the plant leaves one dose during (6 leaves stage , budding stage and 50 % flowering stage) . They were conducted according to randomized completely block design with split – split plot with three replications. Results showed that the genotype Euroflor gave a high mean values of leaf area , head diameter , number of seeds / head , 1000 seed weight , seed yield and oil yield , while Albena genotype gave a high value of seed oil percentage for both seasons spring and autumn respectively. Boron sprayed on the plant leaves with concentration 3 mg. l-1 led significant increase in leaf area , head diameter , number of seeds/ head , 1000 seed weight , seed yield and oil yield , while increasing concentration of boron to 6 mg. l-1 increased seed protein percentage and protein yield. Delaying timing of boron foliar application to budding stage achieved highest values for most characters. Interaction genotypes x boron levels gave significant increase in leaf area , head diameter , number of seeds / head , 1000 seed weight and seed yield. Similar result were obtained from the interaction between boron levels x timing of boron application , further more, the same trend was recorded for seed oil percentage parameter. Moreover, genotypes x time of boron application, genotypes x boron levels x time of boron application had a significant affect on some characters under study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
CALLUS INITIATION AND SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS FROM CULTURED LEAF EXPLANTS OF Gladiolus hybrid
استحداث الكالس وتكوين الأجنة الجسمية من زراعة أجزاء الورقة لنبات الكلاديولس

المؤلفون: علاء هاشم يونس الطائي
الصفحات: 19-27
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الخلاصة

The present study was carried out in Plant Tissue Culture laboratory, from August . ( 2008 ) to February ( 2009 ), of Gladiolus plants " White prosperity " cv. Medium and base parts of leaves produced in vitro cultured on MS medium supplemented with NAA at ( 0.0 , 1.0 , 2.0 , 4.0 , 6.0 ) mg/l , 2,4-D at ( 0.0 , 0.01 , 0.02 , 0.1 , 0.2) mg/l , TDZ at ( 0.0 , 1.0 , 2.0 , 3.0 , 4.0 ) mg/l for callus initiation and differentiation , The Results indicated that highest percentage 90 % for callus formation were obtained from culture parts of leaf on MS medium supplemented with 0.2 mg/l 2,4-D . and this treatment gave highest amount of callus and needed only (30) days to callus formation , callus culture on MS medium supplemented with BA at ( 0.0 , 0.1 , 0.2) mg/l for differentiation , gave 80 % of callus differentiation to shoots and gave 10 shoot / explant with longest shoot 6.5 cm and highest root number 17 root / explant with longest root 4.3 cm after 8 weeks . Somatic embryogenesis obtained from culture callus produced from culture base of leaf on MS medium supplemented with 0.2 mg/l 2,4-D for 8 weeks and then culture on MS medium free from hormones , three stage of Somatic embryogenesis observed ( globular, heart , terbenoid ) embryos were development from culture on MS medium supplemented with 0.2 mg/l IAA and acclimated in laboratory with survival 100 % , plants produced from tissue culture or from feiled had the same number of chromosome (60) and this indicate that there are no somaclonal variations between them .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FRUIT CONTENT OF Ca, N AND
العلاقة بين محتويات الثمار من الكالسيوم والنتروجين والمغنيسيوم واصابتها بالاضرار الفسلجية للتفاح صنفي فوجي وكراني سميث

المؤلفون: Nameer Najeeb Fadhil نمير نجيب فاضل
الصفحات: 25-31
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الخلاصة

The study carried out in Jordan University, College of Agriculture to investigate the relationship between apple fruit disorders and mineral content of N, Ca and Mg of apple fruits cvs. Fuji and Granny Smith after dipping in 0, 2 and 4% CaCl2 or 0, 500 and 1000 mg.1-1 AVG and storage at 0o c for three months. The results indicated that CaCl2 treatments were significantly increased fruit contents of Ca and significantly decreased fruit incidence with bitter pit in the Granny Smith cultivar, while no clear relationship noticed between AVG treatments and mineral fruit contents and disorder incidence. The increment of Ca content in the fruits, or the reduction of Mg/Ca and N/Ca ratios resulted in a reduction in bitter pit incidences. Granny Smith fruits was more susceptible to bitter pit disorder than Fuji fruits.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF ALKOHOLIC EXTRACTS OF CHAMOMILE (Matricaria chamomilla L.) CALLUS IN INITIATION, GROWTH AND PROTEIN CONTENT OF BLACK BEAN (Nigella sativa L.)STEMS CALLUS
تاثير المستخلصات الكحولية لكالس نبات البابونج Matricaria chamomilla L. في استحداث ونمو كالس سيقان بادرات نبات الحبة السوداء Nigella sativa L. ومحتواه البروتيني

المؤلفون: Rana T.Y. Altaee رنا طارق يحيى الطائي
الصفحات: 28-36
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الخلاصة

The study was carried out to know the effect of alkoholic extracts of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) in callus initiation and growth of explants of black bean (Nigella sativa L.) ,apart from the protein content. Results cleared different response of explant to callus initiation and growth with different concentrations of alkoholic extracts of chamomile . Which had been added to the standard medium of black bean callus initiation and growth ] MS+0.221mg/L 2,4-D (2,4- Dichchlorophenoxy acetic acid) [ .The results refer when adding of 5 mg/ L of chamomile alkoholic extracts to standard MS medium was the best in initiation and growth the callus after 60 days with fresh weight average 12.11 g as comparing with 6.35 g of the standard medium with increasing in total content at 1.21 mg /gm as comparing with 0.61 mg /gm of standard medium ,and when adding chamomile alkoholic extracts alone to MS medium enhanced with degree initiation and growth callus..And also showed that adding of 5 mg /L alkoholic extracts to MS medium greatly enhanced callus initiation and growtg after 60 days with fresh weight average 8.54g with protein content 0.88 mg /gm as comparing with MS medium alone.

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Article
KINETICS OF POTASSIUM DESORPTION FROM ENTISOL, VERTISOL AND MOLLISOL USING MISCIBLE DISPLACEMENT TECHNIQUE IN SULAMANI GOVERNORATE.
حركيات تحرر البوتاسيوم لترب إنتيسول فيرتيسول و موليسول في محافظة السليمانية

المؤلفون: Ghafoor A. Mam Rasul غفور احمد مام رسول
الصفحات: 32-38
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الخلاصة

Kinetics of desorption were conducted on soil samples previously examined for adsorption characteristics from the surface horizon of seven soils of Sulaimani governorate in Kurdistan region of Iraq by using miscible displacement technique . The soil samples were leached with 0.001M CaCl2. The solution of CaCl2 was passed through the soil at flow velocities of 1ml min-1. Ten- milliliter aliquots were collected until K was not detected in the leachate.

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Article
KINETIC APPROACH OF CALCIUM CARBONATE SOLUBILITY AFFECTED BY IONIC STRENGTH OF WATER IN SOME CALCAREOUS SOILS OF NORTHERN IRAQ
المدخل الحركي لتأثير القوة الأيونية للمياه على ذوبان كاربونات الكالسيوم في بعض الترب الكلسية لشمال العراق

المؤلفون: محمد علي جمال ألعبيدي
الصفحات: 37-44
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الخلاصة

This study reveal four locations from north Iraq having different soils orders classified to series level namely: Zawaita - 653CEE - Mollisols. Batail – 452CCW – Vertisols. Nineveh forest – 432 CCF – Inceptisols. Tel-Afer – 453CCW – Aridisols. We used in this study four types of water having different ionic strength 1×10-4, 127×10-4,520×10-4, 1040×10-4 mol.L-1 had been used. According to Kinetics approach the results showed that the first order and diffusion equations were successfully used to describe carbonate dissolution in comparison with zero order, Eluvich and power function equations by using least value of (S.E) and higher value of (R2). Rate coefficient of calcium carbonate dissolution was increased with increasing ionic strength of water from 1×10-3 to 30×10-3 day-1 in the first order equation and from 28×10-3 to 698×10-3 mg.kg-1.day-1/2 in diffusion equation for all locations.

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Article
EFFECT OF SOIL AND FOLIAR APPLICATION OF IRON CHELATE ON NUTRIENT BALANCE IN LENTIL (Lens esculenta L.) BY USING MODIFIED DRIS EQUATION
تأثير التسميد الورقي والأرضي للحديد المخلبي في الأتزان الغذائي للعدس ( Lens esculenta L.) بأستخدام معادلات دريس المحورة

المؤلفون: Dalshad .A.Darwesh دلشاد عزيزدرويش
الصفحات: 39-49
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الخلاصة

A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of two different Fe sources (Fe-EDTA and Fe-EDDHA) were sprayed on to the leaves and applied to the soil in levels were involved 0, 10, 20 and 30mg.l-1 both fertilizers were sprayed to leaves two times, the interval date was 20 days and during spraying the soil surface were covered with plastics to prevent Fe contamination. The results indicated that there were significant effect (P<0.01) of the combination between types, concentration, and method of Fe application on total dry matter and on the concentration of N, P, Ca, Mg, K and Fe. The higher values of 6.24g.pot-1 and 30.98, 3.54, 33.81, 28.43mg.g-1, 246.67mg.kg-1 were recorded from combination treatment (F2M2L2) respectively, however the data revealed that the lowest nutrient balance index was recorded from combination treatment (F2M2L2) and attained 34.58, while the higher NBI of(1028.45) was recorded in combination treatment (F1M2L3), also the result indicated that there are negative correlationship between the nutrient balance index and total dry weight were attained (R= -0.72).

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Article
UTILIZE OF WATER QUALITY INDEX TO ASSESSMENT WATER WELLS IN DEBAGH-MAKHUMAR PLAIN N-E OF IRAQ
استخدام دليل نوعية المياه لتقيم مياه أبار مختارة في حوض ديبكة – مخمور / شمال شرق العراق

المؤلفون: Umar N. Abdul Qader عمر نبهان عبد القادر
الصفحات: 45-54
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الخلاصة

Water quality index (WQI) has been used as a geometric mean method to evaluate and classify 13 wells water, six of them are shallow wells and penetrate quaternary aquifer, the rest are deep wells and penetrate Injana aquifer in Debagh –Makhumar Plain in North East of Iraq. Result showed that Water quality index for drinking purpose range between 12.2 to 89.8% within poor to good class of drinking according to Bhargava classification, all shallow wells were classified within good class for drinking except well 13 which was classified as poor class. While deep wells were classified within poor class except the wells 2 and 4 which were classified within good and fair class , respectively. Water quality index for irrigation purpose range between 51.6 to 93.2 % within fair to excellent class, all deep and shallow wells were classified within excellent and good class except the wells 6 and 7 which were classified within fair class for irrigation. Factor analysis (FA) was applied to ground water chemistry data and showed that 80.8% of the variance in the original data belong to the impact of salinity,total hardness,calcium,magnesium, sodium, chloride and sodium adsorbtion ratio SAR, these parameters control of ground water quality and contribution to water quality index degradation .

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Article
ROLE OF FUNGI ON THE SOLUBILIZATION OF ROCKPHOSPHATE AND ON GROWTH OF CORN (Zea mays )
دور الفطريات في إذابة الصخر الفوسفاتي وتأثير ذلك في نمو محصول الذرة (Zea mays)

المؤلفون: Ghiath M.Kassim غياث محمد قاسم
الصفحات: 50-57
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الخلاصة

A pot experiment was conducted to study the role of different genera of fungi on the solubilization of rock phosphate using a loamy clay calcareous soil , classified as typic claciorthid . A pure culture of each of three genera [ Aspergillus (2 species ) , Penicillium , (2 species ) , and Cephalosporiumsp] . and their mixture were used , in the presence and absence of organic fertilizer (chicken manure ) . Rock phosphate was added at a fixed rate (88 kg p ha -1) . Vegetative growth of corn was used as an indicator . The duration of the experiment was 60 days , during which, phosphorus availability solubilized from the added rock phosphate by the action of the specific fungus was measured at a 2-week intervals. Dry weight of shoots and roots and the amount of p absorbed by the corn plant for each treatment was also measured and a P balance was obtained . Results indicated that the total amount of P solubilzed , expressed as percentages of the added rock phosphate in the presence of organic fertilizer was 41.5 in the soil inoculated with the mixture of fungi , followed by Penicillium (37.3) , then followed by Aspergillus and Cephalosporium(36.6) for each , with an increase of 31.8% , 22.5% and 20% over the control , respectively. Less than that was obtained for the treatments without organic fertilizer .

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Article
EFFECT OF USING LOCAL UNTREATED BLACK BARLEY OR TREATED WITH B-GLUCANASE ENZYME OR GERMINATED INSTEAD OF YELLOW CRON IN LAYING HENS NUTRITION
تأثير إحلال الشعير الأسود المحلي الغير معامل والمعامل بانزيم البيتاكلوكانيز او المنبت بديلاً عن الذرة الصفراء في تغذية الدجاج البياض

المؤلفون: Ibrahim Said Ibrahim إبراهيم سعيد إبراهيم
الصفحات: 55-61
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in the fields of the College of Veterinary Medicine / Mosul University , for five months duration . A total of 210 hens (Hubbard breed) were distributed in seven treatments (two rep. / treat). the experimental treat . consist of the control (0٪ barley+ 60٪ corn), 30٪ untr. or treat with -glucanase enzyme or germinated barley , 60٪ untr. or treat with -glucanase or germinated barley. The results showed a significant increase (p ≥ 0.05) in HD٪ egg production , egg weight , total egg mass per hen and feed conversion efficiency in birds fed the diet containing 30 ٪ barley treat with. -glucanase with the same level of yellow corn. No significant effect were showed in feed consumption between the control diet and others containing 30 or 60 ٪ barely treated with -glucanase or germinated . the results was revealed also a significant increase in the percent of blood and meat spots in the eggs of the treats . containing 60 ٪ corn or 30 ٪ corn with the same level of barley. The concentration of cholesterol in egg youlk and blood serum were decreased in all diets containing 60٪ barley.

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Article
A STUDY OF SOME NON GENETIC FACTORS AND GENETIC PARAMETERS OF BODY WEIGHTS, DIMENSIONS AND FAT TAIL DIMENSIONS OF AWASSI SHEEP
دراسة لبعض العوامل اللآوراثية والمعالم الوراثية لأوزان وأبعاد الجسم وأبعاد الإلية في الأغنام العواسية

المؤلفون: Faris Y.Abdul-Rahman فارس يونس عبد الرحمن
الصفحات: 62-74
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الخلاصة

The study included 276 Awassi lambs born during the lambing season 2007 and 2008 and were maintained at College of Agriculture and Forestry Station, University of Mosul, and Animal Breeding Station, Mosul Al-Rashedia. The studied traits were : birth weight , body weight , body and fat tail dimensions namely (body length , heart girth , height at shoulder , height at hip , depth at shoulder , depth at hip , width at shoulder , width at hip , fat tail length , fat tail width and fat tail circumference) at weaning (4) , 6 and 8 months of ages . The effects of flock, year of lambing, age of dam, type of birth and sex of lamb on the above traits were investigated. The flock affect significantly (p<0.01) all studied traits at different ages. Year had a significant influence (p<0.01) on weight at 6 and 8 months of age and most body dimensions and fat tailed dimensions at different ages. No significant effect of age of dam was found on birth and weaning weight, whereas its effect was significant (p<0.05) on weight at 6 and 8 months of age. The effect of type of birth was significant on all body weights and dimensions from birth till 8 months of age. Sex of lamb had a significant influence on weight at weaning , 6 and 8 months of ages and on most body and fat tail dimensions , while its effect was not significant on birth weight .

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Article
A STUDY OF SOME NON GENETIC FACTORS AND GENETIC PARAMETERS OF BODY WEIGHTS, DIMENSIONS AND FAT TAIL DIMENSIONS OF AWASSI SHEEP
دراسة لبعض العوامل اللآوراثية والمعالم الوراثية لأوزان وأبعاد الجسم وأبعاد الإلية في الأغنام العواسية

المؤلفون: Faris Y.Abdul-Rahman
الصفحات: 75-83
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الخلاصة

The study included 276 records of Awassi lambs born in two flocks during the lambing season 2007 and 2008 and were maintained at College of Agriculture and Forestry Station, University of Mosul, and Animal Breeding Station , Mosul Al-Rashedia . The traits studied were: birth weight, body weight, body and fat tail dimensions at weaning (4) , 6 and 8 months of age . Heritability estimates for body weights at birth and 4, 6 and 8 months of age were 0.26, 0.33, 0.44 and 0.49, respectively. Heritability estimates for body and fat tail dimensions ranged between (0.11- 0.31), (0.16 – 0.48) and (0.27– 0.50) at 4, 6 and 8 months of age respectively. Most estimates of genetic correlations between body weights and body – fat tail dimensions and between each other were positive and heigh, and ranged between (0.19- 0.98) . Phenotypic correlations between traits studied ranged between (0.29 -0.98) at different ages. In general, The highest estimates for genetic and phenotypic correlations between traits studied were recorded at 6th month of age.

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Article
EFFECT OF FEED WITHDRAWAL TO REDUCE THE NEGATIVE EFFECT OF HEAT STRESS ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL TRAITS AND PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF BROILER CHICKEN
قطع العلف كوسيلة للتقليل من التأثير السلبي للإجهاد الحراري في بعض الصفات الفسلجية

المؤلفون: I.M.Ibrahim إبراهيم متي إبراهيم
الصفحات: 84-93
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الخلاصة

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of feed withdrawal in reducing the negative effect of heat stress in broilers subjected to cyclic heat stress (25-36-25) 5C on some productive and physiological traits . Thirty six of broiler chicks (Fawbro) raised on standard condition for the first 3weeks. The experimental treatments were started from 22days of age till the age of marketing (56days).On day 22 of ages the chicks were weighted ,numbered and distributed randomly to four treatments (1) the control(ad Libitum) , (2)feed withdrawal for eight hours(1000-1800) , (3)feed withdrawal for nine hours(900-1800) , (4)feed withdrawal for ten hours(800-1800) with 3 replicates for each treatment. Statistical analysis of data showed No significant differences (p≤0.05) as a result of feed withdrawal for live body weight , average weekly weight gain , feed consumption , feed conversion ratio , Dressing percentage , Red blood cells number , hemoglobin concentration , packed cells volume and relative growth rate in seven and eight weeks . Feed withdrawal resulted in significant decrease (P ≤ 0.05) in blood glucose concentration gradually as the feed withdrawal increase , glycogen concentration in liver for feed withdrawal 10 hours treatments , blood pH and body temperature for feed withdrawal treatments at six and eight weeks . and significant increase(P ≤ 0.05) in , glycogen concentration in heart of feed withdrawal 10 hours . Decrease in mortality.

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Article
STUDY OF SOME GENETIC AND NON GENETIC FACTORS AFFECTING MILK YEILD AND SOME OF IT ̉S PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN AWASSI AND HAMDANI SHEEP
دراسة بعض العوامل الوراثية واللاوراثية المؤثرة في إنتاج الحليب وبعض صفاته الفيزيائية في الاغنام العواسية والحمدانية

المؤلفون: Sameem F. Al-Dabbagh صميم فخري الدباغ
الصفحات: 94-101
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted on two flocks of Awassi and Hamdani ewes belongs to the animal resources department College of Agriculture and Forestry at Mosul University, and another flock of Awassi ewes belongs to the Animal Husbandry Station General Directorate of Applied Agriculture Researches at Rashidia Region for the productive seasons 2009-2010. The results revealed a highly significant (p≤ 0.01) effects for breed-location, ewes, age and type of birth on daily milk yield (DMY). There were a highly significant effects for year and the stage of lactation on all milk traits. There was a significant (p≤ 0.05) effect for conductivity on solids non fat and density of milk. Repeatability estimates for (DMY) were moderate, while the estimates for physical traits were low. Most of the simple correlation coefficients between studied traits were highly significant (p≤ 0.01) in both Awassi flocks, while in Hamdani flock most of these relations were not significant

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Article
EFFECT OF Rosemarinus officinalis PLANT AND H2O2 1% ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL , HISTOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN MALE Mus musculus
تأثير نبات إكليل الجبل Rosemarinus officinalis و بيروكسيد الهيدروجين 1% في بعض الجوانب الفسلجية والنسيجية و الكيموحيوية لذكور الفئران البيض Mus musculus

المؤلفون: RAJA MUSTAFA AL-ANNAZ رجاء مصطفى العناز
الصفحات: 102-111
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Rosemarinus officinalis powder 10g/kg food against the oxidative stress induced by 1% H2O2 in drinking water in mature male mouse two month aged (25-30 ) gm in weight . The oxidative stress was determined by measuring the level of glutathione ( GSH ) and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in liver tissue , The study also evaluate the effects of 1% H2O2 on biochemical and hematological parameters . The mousse are divided into four groups, 6 mouse / gp and treated for two months , the first group is the control while the second is treated with Rosemary alone and the third treated by 1% H2O2 with drinking water and standard food and the last group is treated with Rosemary 10 g/kg with 1% H2O2 in drinking water. The result revealed that the powdered Rosemary have an antioxidant activity which cause refreshing in hematology parameters ( R.BC , W.B.C ,Hb, P.C.V.) . as compared with control and increase the level of ( GSH ) and a significant decrease in level of ( MDA (. Results of this study remarked the scientific phenomenon that the uses of plants that have antioxidant activities such as Rosemary dealing a good protection from the oxidative stress .

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Article
EFFECT OF AQUEOUS AND ALCOHOLIC EXTRACTS OF SOME SPICES ON GROWING OF Asperigillus flavus AND A. parasiticus AND AFLATOXIN PRODUCTION
تأثير المستخلصين المائي والكحولي لبعض التوابل في نمو الفطرين Asperigillus flavus و A.parasiticus واٍنتاجهما لسموم الأفلا .

المؤلفون: Salah Omer Ahmad صـلاح عمـر أحمـد
الصفحات: 112-122
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الخلاصة

The effect of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of thyme, ginger and rosemary (garland) on growing of Asperigillus flavus and A. parasiticus and their production of aflatoxins B1 and G1 in solid and liquid media was studied. The extracts were added at 0, 250, 500 and 1000 ug/ml of media and incubated at 28º for 7 days. The percents of growth inhibition of the two fungi were calculated in both media and aflatoxins production was tested in liquid medium. Results showed that the extracts were active on fungi growth inhibition and aflatoxins production. Results also showed that 18-100% and 20.5-100% of fungi growth on solid media was inhibited when the liquid and alcoholic extracts were added, respectively. Whereas, the growth of both fungi in liquid media were decreased by 39.4-100% and 38.8-100% when aqueous and alcoholic extracts were used, respectively, the production of aflatoxin B1 by both fungi was decreased by 20-100% and 22-100% when aqueous and alcoholic extracts were added, respectively. Results also showed that aflatoxin G1 production decreased by 44-100% when aqueous and alcoholic extracts were added, respectively. It has been noticed that thyme and ginger had observed higher activity in fungi inhibition and aflatoxins production than that of rosemary.

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Article
PRODUTION OF LOW FAT PROCESSED CHEESE FROM SHEEP MILK CHEESE AND DRIED SKIM MILK
إنتاج جبن مطبوخ منخفض الدهن من جبن حليب الأغنام و حليب فرز مجفف

المؤلفون: سميه خلف بدوي
الصفحات: 123-134
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الخلاصة

Full cream sheep milk cheese was used as main part in the processing of processed cheese .This product was mixed with dried skim milk to produce three types of low, medium and high fat level (20,30 and 40 ± 1 respectively) cheese calculated on dried weight based. Three kinds of emulsifying salts namely, Trisodium phosphate ,Trisodium citrate and mixture (one: one) of both salt for each fat level. The results showed that moisture % ,fat% and pH were decreased, whereas total nitrogen and soluble nitrogen % were increased .These changes were continued at room temperature storage and with storage period compared with storage in refrigerator. After two months less preferable changes in reological properties were observed in low fat cheese which stored at refrigerator by using citrate salts .Results also showed that preferable organoleptic properties were noticed with one day aged high fat cheese which stored in refrigerator using phosphates salts as emulsifiers.

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Article
EFFECT OF COMPRESSION WOOD ON SOME CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF Pinus brutia Ten. LEANING TREES
تاثير خشب الضغط Compression Wood في بعض الصفات الكيميائية لأشجار الصنوبر البروتي المائلة Pinus brutia Ten.

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to show the effect of compression wood on some chemical characteristics of brutia pine Pinus brutia Ten. trees growing naturally at Dohuk provenance and to compare it with the normal growing trees (tree leaning type) for four levels of stem height, and between compression wood and opposite wood present in front of compression wood (wood location) and between heart wood and sap wood (wood type) to know the possibility of using tree stems containing compression wood in various technological wood products. Results showed that all the highest percentage means of soluble extractives in etanol-benzen and hot water, lignin and ash percent were in the leaning trees compared to standing trees. Except of holocellulose which have the highest percent in the standing trees. It was noticed that there were decrease in soluble extractive percent and ash percent from stem base to stem top, the highest values for both characters were in the 1st height level (1.5m), then it decreased gradually by increasing height levels until it reached the lowest values at the 3rd height level (4.5m), then it increased slightly at the 4th height level (6m) ,except for ash content which decreased slightly. Lignin percent showed an increase by increasing height levels, by which lowest value of lignin percent was in the 1st height level (1.5m) and the highest value was in the 3rd height level (4.5m) then it decreased slightly at the 4th height level (6m). Holocellulose percent showed a reverse results compared to lignin percent, The results showed that the height mean values for most of chemical component were in the opposite wood except lignin percent which have the highest value in compression wood. Also, the highest chemical percent values were in heartwood, by which all soluble and insoluble extractive and ash increased in heartwood except holocelldose percent which have the highest value in sapwood. The results showed that the base of the leaning tree stem was eccentric, and it became more centric by increasing height level.

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Article
COMBINING ABILITY AND RECIPROCAL EFFECT FOR YIELD AND ITS COMBONENTS IN F2 FABA BEAN(Vicia faba L.)
قدرة الائتلاف والتهجين التبادلي للحاصل ومكوناته لهجن الجيل الثاني في الباقلاء (Vicia faba L.)

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الخلاصة

The experiment was carried out in the Field of the college of Agriculture and Forestry , Mosul University during growing season of 2009/2010 , General and specific combining abilities were evaluated for estimating their effects and reciprocal effect , gene action and heritability in studied characters which are yield and its components within the method of a full- diallel crosses of four varieties of faba bean viz:-(1)French(aquadulce) , (2)Syrian , (3)Tuweithe and (4)Babylon and their F2 hybrids, using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications , according(Griffing,1956) to first method and fixed model. The results showed that general and specific combining ability was significant for most the studied characters. The reciprocal effect was significant for all the studied characters except 100 seed weight , biological and seed yield. The results also showed that the components of GCA was higher than the SCA variance for no. of days to maturity and no. of seed per pod , it can be predicted for an additive gene action for this character. Broad sense heritability was high for all the studied characters except no. of days to flowering , while narrow sense heritability was higher for pod setting and no. of days to maturity which indicate additive gene action for these characters. Average degree of dominance was more than one higher for the all studied characters except no. of days to maturity and no. of seed per pod , indicating over dominance control for these characters.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
GENETIC COMBINING ABILITY OF YIELD AND ITS COMBONENTS BY RECIPROCAL EFFECT IN FIELD PEA (Pisum sativum L.).
قدرة الائتلاف الوراثي للحاصل ومكوناته بالتهجين التبادلي في البزاليا الحقلية

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الخلاصة

The experiment has carried out in the Field Crop Dept. College of Agriculture and Forestry, Mosul University by using Randomized Complete Block Design R.C.B.D with three replications, during two growing seasons 2008/2009 and 2009/2010. To evaluate the performance of Full-Diallel hybrids resulting from employing Full-Diallel crossing system among four varieties in field pea viz, 1-Ariare, 2-Nisere, 3-Marike and 4-Messire. The study aimed to determine the best parental combinations through estimating the effects of general and specific combining abilities of the studied genotypes. The results indicated that general combining ability was significant for all studied character except no. of branches per plant and green pods yield, and that specific combining ability was significant for all studied character except no. of days to flowering and maturity. The reciprocal effects was significant for all studied character except no. of pods per plant, average pod weight and 100 seed weight. The results showed that specific combining ability was higher than general combining ability for all the studied characters, by which indicated the presence of dominance gene action for those character. Marike variety showed high general combining ability for most of the studied characters, and therefore contains the desired gene. The hybrids varied for their specific combining abilities effects and this due to the wide genetic diversity between their parents.

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Article
INFLUENCE OF SOIL MOISTURE AND SEED DEPTH ON GERMINATION AND SPEED RATE OF SOME FORAGE SHRUBS OF Chenopodiaceae
تأثير رطوبة التربة وعمق الزراعة في نسبة وسرعة إنبات بعض الأنواع الشجيرية العلفية من الفصيلة السرمقية

المؤلفون: Ghufran Kattach غفران قطاش
الصفحات: 167-175
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out in a protected area at Rangeland and Dry Environment Research Station, belongs to ACSAD and Aleppo university in the Muslumieh, Aleppo, during 2005, by cultivating 9 Chenopodiaceae forage species, using 4 moisture Levels (5, 10, 15 and 20 mm), and 6 seeding depths (0, 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7 cm) and three replicates. Results showed significant effect of species, moisture and seeding depth on germination rate and speed. The seeds of all the investigated species failed to be germinated at the moisture level of 5 mm, while all the study species were germinated under 10 mm humidity except Atriplex leucoclada. The seeds of all studied species were germinated at the higher moisture levels (15 and 20 mm), but the germination percentage varied between the species. The highest germination rate for Salsola vermiculata and Seidlitzia rosmarinus was recorded when the seeds placed at soil surface and the soil moisture level 10, 15, and 20 mm. Atriplex species showed the highest germination rate at seeding depth of 1 cm and moisture level 10, 15, and 20 mm. The seeds of all studied species failed to germinate at the planting depth of 5 and 7 cm. The results showed superiority of Atriplex canescens (15.5%, 1.1) and Atriplex halimus (15.1%, 1.08) the rest of the species in terms of percentage and speed of germination, without significant differences between them, followed by Salsola vermiculata 11.8%, 0.66 and Atriplex nummularia 10.5%, 0.66, while the lowest rate and speed were recorded at Atriplex leucoclada 2.2%, 0.17, and Atriplex glauca 3.1%, 0.15. The results of statistical analysis showed the significant relation for the germination rate and the speed of the emergence of seedling with the increase in the moisture level (r=0.371 and r=0.336 respectively) and with the decrease in the depth of cultivation (r=-0.399 and r=-0.422 respectively) at P<0.001 .

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Article
تأثير معاملة البذور بمنظمات النمو النباتية في تحمل الملوحة لمحصول الرز((Oryza sativa L

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الخلاصة

The study included the effect of the growth regulators on salinity tolerance for three varieties of Rice cultivated in saline soils at the salinity levels of 1,79, 7,2 and 8,66 ds/m, The results indicated that salinity caused a decrease or reduction in all studied traits, in which growth regulators were used , and such treatment caused an increase in plant height , dry weight of vegetative growth , number of tillers and seed yield compared with those of the control, while treatment with IAA gave a higher number of Panicles compared to other treatments . The variety Kasendeti gave significantly higher plant height ,dry weight of vegetative growth and number of tillers when compared to those of Rouetic and Makloob respectively. The variety Kasendeti also gave a higher seed yield and number of Panicles comparing to that of Makloob and Rouetic respectively .

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Article
EFFECT OF TIRES INFLATION PRESSURE , TILLAGE DEPTH AND FORWARD SPEED ON SOME FIELD PERFORMANCE CRITERIA OF TRACTOR
تأثير ضغط انتفاخ الإطارات وعمق الحراثة والسرعة الأمامية في بعض مؤشرات الأداء الحقلي للساحبة

المؤلفون: Mothana A. Al - Jarrah مثنى عبد المالك الجراح
الصفحات: 188-197
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الخلاصة

The research was conducted to investigate the effect of two inflation pressures for the rear tires of tractor 80 and 130 kpa with two plowing depths by using the moldboard plow 15 - 20 and 20 – 25 cm and three different speeds 2.22 , 3.22 and 5.85 km/hr on vertical vibration of driver seat , drawbar power , consumed energy , slippage percentage , tractive efficiency and power lost due to slippage . Split split plot design and randomized complete block design with three replications was used in this experiment . Results showed that the effect of inflation pressure was significant in all studied characteristics except the tractive efficiency , and the relation between the inflation pressure and every one of vertical vibration of driver seat , consumed energy , slippage percentage and power lost due to slippage was extrusive whereas the relation was inversely with drawbar power and tractive efficiency . The effect of plowing depth and forward speed was significant in all studied characteristics .

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Article
EFFECT OF SOME MECHANICAL LIFTING TYPES ON THE QUALITATIVE & QUANTITATIVE LOSS OF POTATO CROP IN NINEVAH GOVERNORATE
تأثير بعض انواع آلات القلع الميكانيكي على الفقد الكمي والنوعي لمحصول البطاطا في محافظة نينوى

المؤلفون: Arkan M.A. Siddiq اركان محمد صديق
الصفحات: 197-205
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الخلاصة

This research aimed to study some of the technical and economical effects including the use of two kinds of potato lifters with one stage of suspended type, the first foreigner made (Finnish) type Tume and the second local designed by the researcher. The research was carried out in mixed soils for both equipments. The angle of lifting was (25) for both equipments and seasons. The results were analyzed statistically by using the factorial experiment with in split plot design with three replications. The following conclusions were depicted. In the first season the results showed that there are no significant differences concerning the effect of lifting equipments on the studied properties In the second season the results showed that there are significant differences concerning the effect of lifting equipments on some of the studied properties, where the local equipment showed slightly higher significance than the foreigner one in the damaged tubers and lifter potatoes properties, but the foreigner equipment showed higher significance concerning the quantitative loss and there were no significant differences in other studied properties. In the mean of the two seasons the results showed that the effect of seasons was higher significantly than most of the studied properties. The first season showed higher significance regarding the undamaged and lifted potatoes than the 2nd season, while the one later showed slight difference concerning the damaged tubers and the qualitative and quantitative losses and no great significant difference in the damaged tubers.

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Article
EFFECT 0F HIGH AND COLD TEMPERATURE STORAGE PERIOD AND KIND OF WATER ON SUSPENSION STABILTY OF MALATHION AND METHOMYL INSECTICIDES
تأثير فترة التخزين على درجات حرارة مرتفعة ومنخفضة ونوع الماء في ثبات معلقات مبيدي الملاثيون والميثوميل

المؤلفون: Nazar M .Al-Mallah نزار مصطفى الملاح
الصفحات: 206-215
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الخلاصة

The Results of studying the effect of tropical and cold storage periods and kind of water (hard water.tap water. river water. Well water).on suspension stability of Malathion and Methomyl showed that the mean suspensibility percentage was influenced by the tropical storage period and that Malathion was affected more than Mithomyle and its suspensibility percentage reached 44.76% when stored for three months at 55c by using tap water .in comparison with 61.71% of control. The suspensibility percentage was influenced by the longivety of cold cold storage period .and reached 52.61% for Malathion WHEN stored for three months at 5c by using tap water compared with 62.16% of control . followed by Methomyle 80.14% when stored for three months at -5c using well water .in commparison with 88.06% of control .The well water showed more effect on the general mean of suspensibility percentage of Malathion and Methomyl which reached 57.39,.86.37% respectivley.

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Article
BIOLOGICAL AND ECOLOGICAL STUDY OF IRAQI BEETLE
دراسة حياتية وبيئة الخنفساء العراقية Adoretus irakanus Ohs.(Coleoptera:Rutelidae

المؤلفون: Ismail Najim Almaroof إسماعيل نجم المعروف
الصفحات: 216-224
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الخلاصة

The life cycle of Adoretus irakanus Ohs. Which attack poplar species was studied in Iraq in 2007under laboratory conditions ( 30.5 C° and 25.5% ). The study showed that the mean length of incubation ,eggs viability and larval stages ( 7.51 day, 82% 342.8 days ) respectively ,It was appeared that the larval stages live inside the ground and feed on the decayed material and roots of different plants present in the soil . The mean period of pupa was 7.1 days. After the emerge of adult it laid the eggs in the soil singly and separate . The study also indicated that the mean number of eggs laid by a single female were 106.5 . The sex ratio of male to female was 1.1:1. The longevity of adults, males and females were 27. 35 , 30.75 days respectively. Also it was found that this species of insect has one generation per year. The hibernation appeared in the second larval instar. Ecological study has shown that the area and percentage of damage started with the primary appearance of the Iraqi beetle adults at the beginning of April.The increasing of insects number caused an increase in the area and percentage of damage which reached their maximum means 16.20,12.11,10.7cm2, 44.87,17.35,41.07% respectively for Populus nigra, P.deltoides and P.euphratica respectively this happened when the insects number means reached the maximum 2.81,2.31 and 2.0 insect/leaves for the above mentioned poplar species to mean temperature 27.42°C and R.H 34.5%.the statistical analysis showed that there is a significant correlation between the mean insect number and mean of area and percentage of damage in the 3 poplar species with r value (90.64,93.05 and 89.62) for damaged area, and for damage percentage (90.31,88.32 and 89.49), respectively.

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