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مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222/25189255
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@djps.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajournal@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2010 المجلد: 6 العدد: 2

Article
Face Localization Using Backpropagation
تعريب الوجه باستخدام ال Backpropagation

المؤلفون: Abdul Bassut Kadhim shuker
الصفحات: 1-17
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الخلاصة

There is more than one type of neural net uses to classify complex pattern (face), and it is represent very suitable technique for face localization. We present backpropagation neural network-based face localization system. Face localization in image is a two class (face, nonface) and it is represent very an important first step for many systems ranging from supervision to human computer interface because of the computational model of face. The proposed system consist of two subsystem ,first subsystem is preprocessing operations on image to make it smooth and make next operation (training patterns in backpropagation neural net )easy as possible .Second subsystem is classifying the patterns produced by the preprocessing stage consists showing the patterns(an image) to backpropagation neural net to localize the face in an image .


Article
Design and Implementation of Multistage Vector Quantization Algorithm of Image compression assistant by Multiwavelet Transform
تصميم وتنفيذ ناقلات متعددة المراحل خوارزمية تكميم مساعد ضغط الصور بواسطة تحويل Multiwavelet

المؤلفون: BASHAR TALIB HAMEED
الصفحات: 18-31
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الخلاصة

This paper presents a new coding technique based on contourlet transform and multistage vector quantization. Multiwavelet based Algorithms for image compression results in high compression ratios compared to other compression techniques. Multiwavelet have shown their ability in representing natural images that contain smooth areas separated with edges. However, wavelets cannot efficiently take advantage of the fact that the edges usually found in natural images are smooth curves. This issue is addressed by directional transforms, known as contourlets, which have the property of preserving edges. The contourlet transform is a new extension to the Multiwavelet transform in two dimensions using nonseparable and directional filter banks. The computation and storage requirements are the major difficulty in implementing a vector quantizer. In the full-search algorithm, the computation and storage complexity is an exponential function of the number of bits used in quantizing each frame of spectral information. The storage requirement in multistage vector quantization is less when compared to full search vector quantization. The coefficients of contourlet transform are quantized by multistage vector quantization. The quantized coefficients are encoded by Huffman coding to get better quality i.e., high peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR). The results obtained are tabulated and compared with the existing Multiwavelet based ones


Article
Comparison Between fuzzy C-Means Clustering (FCM) and geometrically guided condition Fuzzy C-Means clustering (ggc FCM)
مقارنة بين وسائل تجميع C-غامض (FCM) وحالة غامضة موجهة هندسيا المجموعات C-يعني (GGC FCM

المؤلفون: ZAKI .S. TOWFIK
الصفحات: 32-49
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الخلاصة

This paper compare between the traditional fuzzy C-Means clustering FCM and a proposed technique approach to geometrically guided fuzzy clustering. A modified fuzzy CMeans clustering (FCM), is extended to incorporate a priori geometrical information from spatial domain in order to improve image segmentation. This leads to a new algorithm where the cluster guidance is determined by the membership values on neighboring pixels. The algorithm of FCM is tested on synthetic and real image to demonstrate the improved image segmentation compared to traditional FCM.


Article
The use of artificial neural network models to predict interest rates
استخدام نماذج الشبكة العصبية الاصطناعية للتنبؤ بسع ا رلفائدة

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الخلاصة

Using antipersonnel models of artificial neural network, (ANN) to gain access to interest rate as a new systematic science, proved successful technology in the financial area 0. This research aims to build models of neural network artificial which can increase the performance of prediction 'on corporate bond yields on corporate (CBY) as the rate of interest 0 analysis of market of synergies (SMA) was submitted to build models (Freedman) in this attribute 'while models that include only data of series time for crop Association of corporate has been developed, other models was generated through the link and the reorganization of key variables 0 per model was built to predict the 1.6 and 12 months as a period of time to predict. We got 9 models of artificial neural network to predict interest rate 0 artificial neural networks with multiple layers which used backpropagation (backpropagation) showed a good performance in the prediction for the period from month to six months.


Article
[N,N-Etheylene bis (Salicylidene iminato)](benzoyl acetonato) Iron(111) as thermal initiator of methyl methacrylate polymerization
استخدام [ N,N- اثيلين ثنائي ( سالسيليدين اميناتو )] (بنزويل اسيتو ناتو) الحديد 111)) كبادئ حراري لبلمرة المثيل ميثااكريلات

المؤلفون: M.A.Ibraheem --- A.F.Dawood .AL-Niaimi
الصفحات: 59-69
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الخلاصة

The polymerization of methyl methacrylate(MMA) initiated by a mixed ligand complex , [N,N-Etheylene bis (Salicylidene iminato)](benzoyl acetonato) Iron(111) has been studied in bulk at 80◦C .The rate order of polymerization is 0.5 with respect to initiator concentration and 1.5 with respect to monomer concentration .The activation energy and the kinetic are evaluated .According to the experimental results obtained a free radical mechanism has been proposed.


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of New Tetraazamacrocyclic Ligand and their Complexes with Co (II), Zn (II), Cd(II) , Re(V)
توليف وتوصيف الليجاند رباعي الازماكروسيلك ومركباتهم مع Co (II), Zn (II), Cd(II) , Re(V)

المؤلفون: Jenan M. Mahmood
الصفحات: 70-80
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الخلاصة

A diethyl phthalate was reacted with 1,2-diaminoethane to produce the new tetradentat macrocyclic ligand [1,4,13, 16- tetraazacyclo (6,11- 18,23) tetracosa- (6,8,10(11),18,20,22(23)- hexane- 5,12,17,24- tetra one] (H4L).The reaction of this ligand with [ReOCl3(pph3)2] resulted in new trans-dioxo rhenium (V) complex of the general formula [ReO2(L)]-3 .Also the work includes the reaction of some metal ions with this ligand , and complexes of the general formula [M(HnL)X]-m(where: M=Co(II), n= 1, x=Cl2, m= 3; M= Zn(II),Cd(II), n= o, x = o, m=2) were prepared . All compounds have been characterized as needed by spectroscopic methods [IR,UVVis and Atomic absorption], microanalysis (C.H.N) along with conductivity measurements. The above studies show the geometry around Zn+2 and Cd+2 ions is tetrahedral structure, while the Co+2 and Re+5 complexes are forming octahedral structure.


Article
Study some properties of the enzyme glucose Oazomez which are produced from local isolation of the bacteria Streptomyces sp. HM5
دراسة بعض خواص إنزيم كلوكوز أيزوميريز المنتج من عزلة محلية من البكتريا Streptomyces sp. HM5

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الخلاصة

- The enzyme converts Alklkozaazomez Alklkosaly Alfrcktoswazailosaly Zailuluz. This enzyme is produced from many microorganisms, especially bacteria, Streptomyces,it has won numerous studies of this enzyme in terms of production, purification and characterization because of its importance in the areas of multiple use in the food and pharmaceutical industries. This research aims to study some properties of the enzyme glucose Aizumirizalmntg of local isolation of the bacterium Streptomyces sp. HM5 and partly purified. These include properties study of molecular weight, pH optimum of efficiency and stability, optimum temperature for the effectiveness and consistency, calculate the activation energy and the viability of the enzyme to retain its effectiveness after treatment with varying thermal different account of some constants kinetic enzyme such as Vmax and the Km and study the privatization enzyme towards our glucose and fructose and Zailoz as controlled. Enzyme was used Alklocuzaazmez product of local isolation of the bacterium Streptomyces sp.HM5 and purified molecule. Has been appointed the molecular weight using gel filtration technology and electrical migration. Has been appointed as effective enzyme in a manner LUNEL using the optical absorption and the wavelength of 560 Nanometeromenha was to know the pH optimum and temperature optimum of the effectiveness of the enzyme, stability, and affinity enzyme of the substances (Alklkoz, fructose, Zailoz) results showed that the molecular weight of the enzyme of 178,000, and that the pH optimum of 8 and that the effective degree Aharah optimal effectiveness was 60 m. As that of the high affinity towards our Landzim Zailoz compared Elokoz and fructose. As the value of Km / Vmax for Zaaloz 47.41x10-6, while the glucose and fructose was 10.75x10-6 and 5.42x10-6 Alyaltoala. This study showed that the enzyme consists of two identical and it is oneof the enzymes of higher molecular weight and high affinity for the enzyme towards our Zail


Article
Effect of Zinc and Copper on some immunological markers in Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
تأثير الزنك والنحاس على بعض العلامات المناعية في الليشمانيا الجلدية

المؤلفون: Abeer Abbas AL-Attar
الصفحات: 92-105
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الخلاصة

The elucidative diminished of immune function connecting t the Zinc profile is one of the major highlighted study all over the world. The aim of this study is to evaluated Zn concentration in serum of cutaneous leishmaniasis patients and efficacy on some immunological parameters.A total of 60 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) were included in this study during the period between February /2009 to July /2009 in the out – patients clinic of the dermatology department of Azadi General Hospital in Kirkuk governorate.In vitro by using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer .It was conclude that the mean of serum Zn level in all CL patients were significant decreased (P< 0.05) , since the mean concentration in patients group were 7.61± 0.03 μmol / l, 6.69 ± 0.31 μmol / l , while they were 14.8 ± 0.04 μmol / l, 12.02 ± 0.02 μmol / l in control groups respectively. Analysis of CD4+ and CD8 + T-lymphocyte percentage shows that the mean of CD4+ and CD8 + percentage in all CL patients were significant decreased (P < 0.05) since the mean percentage of CD4+ in patients groups were 36.5 ± 0.098 % , 36.29 ± 0.06% and it was 59.95 ± 0.16%, 58.9 ± 0.14% in control groups respectively .While CD8 + presenting in patients groups were 22.37 ± 0.05 %, 22.47 ± 0.04% , while they were 30.95 ± 0.12%, 31.15± 0.15 in control groups respectively. The mean ratio of CD4+/ CD8+ was significant decreased in male and female patients in comparison with their control groups , since the mean of CD4+ / CD8+ in patients groups were 1.63 ± 0.004, 1.62 ± 0.004 , while they were 1.94 ± 0.01 and 1.9 ± 0.01 in control groups


Article
To membranes prepared CuO impurity effect of fluorine on the optical constants Thermochemical decomposition in a way
المحضرة CuO لأغشية تأثير شائبة الفلور على الثوابت البصرية بطريقة التحلل الكيميائي الحراري

المؤلفون: جاسم حافظ محمد
الصفحات: 106-116
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الخلاصة

In this research, the study of effect of doping CuO by F with ratios 1%%3 , %5, on the optical properties of thin films , this thin films have been prepared on a preheated glass substrates upto 425oC using chemical spray pyrolysis technique .the as deposited thin films were studies about . Absorptance and transmittance spectra were recorded in the wavelengths range (300-1200) nm. the optical parameters such as reflectivity, absorption coefficient , extinction coefficient, refractive index , real and imaginary parts of dielectric constant were all studies


Article
Chemical content of willow and the influence of its L. Salix acmophylla on Candida albicans
المحتوى الكيميائي لنبــــات الصفصاف L. Salix acmophyllaوتأثير مستخلصه الإيثانولي على خميــــــــــرةالمبيضات Candida albicans

المؤلفون: أنعام فؤاد حسين الزهيري
الصفحات: 117-125
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الخلاصة

The study included the preparation of cold alcoholic extract (Alaithanola)of mixture of leaves and bark leaf willow Salix acmophylla L. Which reached its percentage (26.3%) of the dry weight and the strength of a viscous soluble in water. Chemical compounds was detected in the extract raw and found that it contains alkaloids; tannins; Alclaicosadat; Alsaboninat; oils volatile; turbines; Alcolmarinat materials phenolic at pH 5.3 0 estimated mineral elements and food are calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, manganese, sodium, lead and cadmium in the ash mixture leaves and bark of the plant. Also the percentage was estimated of the nitrogen component of the dry plant sample. The results showed that the mixture of leaves and bark leaf willow contains ash, total fat and crude protein percentages of 5.6 and 1.97 and 2.6, respectively, included the study also tested the impact of effective inhibitory alcoholic extract of crude against the Candida albicans at concentrations (25, 50, 75 100 200) mg / ml fully demonstrating inhibitory effectiveness against yeast counts the number of colonies in the dish, as I said, the greater the concentration the number of colonies was at the above concentrations (0,20,37,38,40) colony respectively 0 as has been tested for cytotoxicity in vitro extract In vitro did not show toxicity to red blood cells of humans and animals. Conclude from this study contain a mixture willow leaves and bark on the chemical compounds alkaloids, Altanitat, Alclaicosadat, Alsaboninat, volatile oils, terpenes, phenolic materials and Alcolmarinat and inhibitory effect in the growth of colonies of the yeast Candida albicans.


Article
A STUDY OF EFFECT OF INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VIRUS AND VACCINE ON THE HUMORAL IMMUNE RESPONSE TO NEWCASTLE DISEASE VACCINE IN BROILER CHICKS
دراسة تأثير الأمراض المعدية فيروس مرض جرابي واللقاح على الاستجابة المناعية الخلطية لقاح مرض النيوكاسل في الدجاج اللاحم

المؤلفون: Basim Ibrahim Hassan Al-Ibady
الصفحات: 126-136
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الخلاصة

The immune response on vaccination against Newcastle disease in broiler chicks is frequently reduced in case of infection with Gumboro disease or vaccination against Gumboro disease. The study aimed to study the immunological interference in broilers between infectious bursal disease viruses, live attenuated infectious bursal disease vaccine and live attenuated Newcastle Disease vaccine. One hundred and fourty commercial broiler male were selected in this study at one day of age. Fourty chicks were sacrificed randomly to measure maternal antibody titer against Newcastle disease virus and infectious bursal disease virus in their sera. One hundred chicks were divided randomly in to four equal groups. First group , Second group , Third group, were vaccinated against Newcastle disease virus vaccine LaSota strain by drinking water at (1,10,20,30) days of age. Furthermore, Second group was inoculated by infectious bursal disease virus at (28) day of age. Third group was vaccinated against infectious bursal disease virus vaccine (Winterfield 2512-G-61) strain by drinking water at (7, 14, 21, 28) days of age. The results obtained that there were a significant increase (P<0.05) in the mean titer of first group in HI test at (23rd) and (33rd) day of age. The results of indirect ELISA showed that there were a significant increase (P<0.05) in the mean titer of antibodies against Newcastle disease virus of first group at (35) day of age. The results revealed a significant decrease (P<0.05) in the mean values of HI test against Newcastle disease virus of the second and third groups at (23rd) and (33rd) day of age. . It is concluded that the humoral immune response against Newcastle disease virus was influenced directly due to the immunological interference of field and vaccinal strains of infectious bursal disease virus.


Article
Evaluate the effectiveness of Calvatia carniifomis in the biological control of Rhyncophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
تقويم فاعلية الفطر Calvatia carniifomis في المكافحة البايولوجية لسوسة النخيل الحمراء Rhyncophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera:Curculionidae)

المؤلفون: هادي علوان محمد الساعدي
الصفحات: 137-141
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of several concentrations of powdered mushrooms Calvatia carnifomis in growth and development of larvae Ataiwralakhir ofl Rhyncophorus ferrugineus under conditions of the incubator ((2 ± 27 m ˚ results showed the existence of significant differences between concentrations of% 4,3,2 g of powdered mushrooms and treatment control in the development of red palm weevil larvae to pupae and adults to the development of virgins. The percentage of Ttorirqat palm weevil Ahamraaly virgins when Tercesmshouk mushrooms 4% g (zero) as well as the development of virgins to adults (zero) at the focus itself. While giving focus powder mushrooms 3% g ratio evolution of larvae of red palm weevil to virgins, 20% and the evolution of virgins to the adult rate 10% and the percentage of the development of larvae to pupae to 50% and the percentage of virgins to the development of adults to 40% at a concentration of 2% mushroom powder cloud. While the focus has given 1% g of fungus powder ratio 82% in the development of larvae to pupae and the percentage of 80% in the development of virgins to adults in comparison with control ((100% in the development of larvae to pupae to adult and virgins.


Article
Seasonal variations of the phytoplankton biomass in Diyala River, Iraq.
التغايرات الفصلية في الكتلة الحية للهائمات النباتية في نهر ديالى، العراق.

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الخلاصة

The present investigation aims to study phytoplankton density and some ecological factors in Diyala River from March to October 2004. Two stations were selected in middle region of Diyala river. Results revealed that the ecological factors within the ranges: water temperature 20.1-31.3ºC, Electrical conductivity 877-1160 Ms/cm2, pH 7.6-8.2 and dissolved oxygen 8.1-11.7 mg/l). A total of 60 algal taxa on was identified dominated by diatoms, then green and blue greens algae in the studied stations. Higher cell numbers as at all 3057 cell/ cm3 and diatoms 1630 cell/cm3 were recorded in spring season in st.2. Seasonal variations of the cell numbers were discussed.


Article
Random types of sex Alcea L. (Malvaceae) developing ground in Iraq and its taxonomic importance
طلع انواع الجنس Alcea L. (Malvaceae) النامية بريا في العراق واهميته التصنيفية

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الخلاصة

The present study addressed the phenotypic characteristics of the grains of Random (11) a form of sex Alcea L. (Malvaceae) developing ground in Iraq and the study showed that the beads Random types of sex spherical Spherical and surfaces granular Granular, all of the berries large-sized (50-100) Maekeromitr and very large (100-20 Maekeromitr) were different kinds of sex in the size of the pill Diameter (diameter) Spines and lengths Hoakatha Apexes peaks and the nature and presentation of the nature and intensity of their Bases Coakat as well as differences in the diameters of holes Aperatures germination and density between types of sex.It has emerged through the study that, smaller grains size (diameter) were of type A. Koelzii Riedl. Reaching a diameter of (90) Maekeromitr while the biggest was in the type A.sulphur Boiss. Where it reached (132) Maekeromitr. But in terms of lengths Hoakatha Spines were longer in the type Coakat A.koelzii (13) while the shortest Maekeromitr in type A. setosa Boiss. (9) Maekeromitrama rate Coakat VFD display rules in the smallest species (longipeduncularis (Al-Musawi & Al-jibouriA. And A. digitata Boiss. (3) and the largest in Maekeromitr types. A. dissecta Baker and A. peduncularis (Boiss. & Housskn.) (5) and the type Maekeromitr A. koelzii more species density Bcoakat type A. arbelensis while the least density of either germination holes diameters and densities have been two types A.arbelensis (Boiss. & Housskn.) & A. longipeduncularis less species (less than 2 Maekeromitr ), while type A. moselensis I. largest (3.5) and the type Maekeromitr A.kurdica Schecht. more species Kthafahfa holes germination. color beads have ranged between yellow and orange colors that between them. Including the above differences between the pollen grains found in this study, the taxonomic importance of this pollen in the kinds of sex and isolation that comes supported by the diagnosis, which is usually built from morphological characteristics.


Article
The Effect of Iron Chromate on the Optical Properties of PMMA Films
تأثير كرومات الحديد في الخصائص البصرية للأفلام PMMA

المؤلفون: Nadir Fadhil Habubi --- Sami Salman Chiad --- Muhammad Hameed Abdul-Allah
الصفحات: 161-169
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الخلاصة

Films of pure PMMA and PMMA doped by iron chromate have been prepared using casting method. Transmission and absorption spectra have been recorded in the wavelength range (300-900) nm. the study of the optical properties of the deposited films have done in order to identify the possible change that happen to the PMMA films due to doping. The Absorptance data reveals that the doping affected the absorption edge as a red shift in its values. The study of the optical parameters gives an indication that the doping affected all the studied parameters like, transmission, absorbance, extinction coefficient, and refractive index, real and imaginary parts of dielectric constant.


Article
WIND ENERGY POTENTIAL IN GARMYAN ZONE
الرياح المحتملة الطاقة في منطقة GARMYAN

المؤلفون: Dr. Mohammed A. Saeed --- Ahmed R. Ibrahim
الصفحات: 170-182
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الخلاصة

The wind data for four locations in Garmyan zone were used to calculate the average wind speed and the potential of wind energy in some location of Garmyan zone. The locations are [Kirkuk(1981- 1990), Kalar (2003), Khanaqin (1988- 1997), and Touz (1991-2000)]. Monthly and annual wind speed, power and energy density at 10 meters and 50 meters above ground level calculated. The results are all shown in both tabulated and graphical forms. The mean monthly power exponent factor ( p) of the power law model also found. A full statistical analysis has been carried out for Kalar station which involved monthly and annual values of shape and scale parameters of Weibull distribution, the average speed frequency, Weibull distribution, speed distribution, and their cumulative duration in hours. It can be seen that the wind it is not suitable for electricity generation, but it is suitable for the applications in agriculture


Article
Study the effect of the method of preparation on the optical properties of thin films (PbS)
دراسة تاثير طريقة التحضير على الخصائص البصرية للأغشية الرقيقة (PbS)

المؤلفون: ياسر اسماعيل حميد
الصفحات: 183-193
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الخلاصة

There are multiple uses of Thin Films as interference in the installation of electronic devices are resistors and Mtsat and Tranzstrut and others, and is the basis for the manufacture of solar cells and photovoltaic, as used in manufacturing reagents Alkahrobesria within the ranges of spectral specific preparation of membranes (PbS) and study the optical properties of the membrane-mediated measurement device (FTIR), where it operating in the range (IR). For the preparation of Thin Films using the system thermal evaporation in a vacuum is placed the substance to be deposited inside the heater resistor in the form of trough and connects Ahoid with bipolar online source of electric current shall also be floor inside the holder of a special and more perpendicular to the Ahoid then is increased power hanging on poles gradually as starting material evaporation and deposition of the membrane is thin on the ground. Composed system, spraying the chemical heat of a sprinkler, pump air, heated electric, dual warming has been the use of both the nitrate of lead (Pb (NO3) 2) which is in powder white color, and material Althaaoria (CS (NH2) 2) to obtain membranes lead sulfide (PbS) study showed that the highest value of the absorption wavelength range (1900-2000 nm) and the average value of absorption coefficient up to (0.208x105cm-1) of the thickness (t = 620 nm) and (0.723x105cm-1) of the thickness (t = 490 nm) of films prepared by evaporation heat, while the highest value of the absorbency of the membranes prepared in a manner spraying chemical emissions at the wavelength (nm 3300) where the value of the absorption coefficient up to ((0.195-0.234) × 105cm-1 of fish (t = 247 nm-t = 82.6 nm), respectively. that thin films (PbS)


Article
Motivated optical Retail for some persistent organic pollutants (phenol, chloroform, Alcrisol) in water by UV and some oxides of transition elements TiO2, ZnO, Fe2O3
التجزئة الضوئية المحتثة لبعض الملوثات العضوية (الفينول ،الكلوروفورم،الكريسول) في الماء بوساطة الأشعة فوق البنفسجية وبعض أكاسيد العناصر الانتقالية TiO2,ZnO,Fe2O3))

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الخلاصة

During the present research, the effect of some oxides ((TiO2, ZnO, Fe2O3)was studied as optical catalysts in light-photo-oxidation of some organic pollutants in water which are (phenol, chloroform, Alcrisol) and study the effect of some factors affecting the process of oxidation to remove contaminants such as the degree of heat, acidic solution, the concentration of contaminated material and the concentration of catalysts.The study was concluded by design system to remove the pollution-based payments batch mode)) .It proved its efficiency in removing 98% of the pollutants, which include a source of ultraviolet light gives wavelengths range (300 - 400 nm) and the capacity (125 W). From the obtained results ,it has been found that the efficience of optical catalysts with the presence of oxygen to remove contaminants follow the following order TiO2> ZnO> Fe2O3 The speed of retail optical oxidizing organic pollutants, they follow the order the following: CH3CI> Phenol> Cresol And finally "been diagnosed with some products of oxidation of pollutants.


Article
Basic Properties of the Spectral Problem with Spectral Parameter in two-Point Boundary Conditions of the Vibration Problem
الخصائص الاساسية للمشكلة الطيفية مع الباراميتر الطيفي في شروط حدودية النقطتين من مشكلة الاهتزاز

المؤلفون: Rokan khaji Mohammed
الصفحات: 214-222
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الخلاصة

In this present work, the properties as completeness, minimafity and basic property are investigated for the eigenfunction of boundary problems for a differential equation of second-order with a spectral parameter in the both of boundary conditions of the vibration problem.


Article
The Interactive Hidden Markov Model with real Practical applied
نموذج ماركوف المخفي التفاعل بتطبيق عملي حقيقي

المؤلفون: Ibrahim Z. Chaloob ابراهيم زغيتون جلوب
الصفحات: 223-234
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الخلاصة

I proposed an Interactive Hidden Markov Model (IHMM) where the transitions of hidden states depend on the current observable states. The IHHM is a generalization of the HMM. I note that this kind of HMM is different from classical HMMs where the next hidden states are governed by the previous hidden states only. An example is given to demonstrate IHMM. I'll extend the results to give a general IHMM.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Directions Change of Transverse and Longitudinal Valleys in Part of South Hemrin Anticline, West and South Hemrin Lake, Iraq, and their relation with stress directions
اتجاهات التغيير في أودية عرضية وطولية في جزء من جنوب Hemrin تقابل الانحدار، وغرب وجنوب بحيرة Hemrin، والعراق، وعلاقتها مع الاتجاهات الإجهاد

المؤلفون: Munther Ali Taha
الصفحات: 235-259
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الخلاصة

Measuring of the directions in dry transverse and longitudinal valleys in using Land sat image scale 1:150000 in West and South Hemrin lake NE Muqdadia East of Iraq has been done. The purpose of the study is to compare the directions of these valleys with field measurements of joints in the study area and to determine their relation with the tectonics of the region. Rose diagrams show that the transverse valleys in the site South Hemrin lake, have been dominated by two directions (000-010) as oblique joints and (060-070) as transverse (ac-joints), the mean direction is (030) and the longitudinal valleys have been dominated by the directions (170-180) as oblique joints and (140-150) as longitudinal joints, the mean direction is (148). In the site West Hemrin lake, the directions of the transverse valleys expressed by a dominant direction (060-070) as transverse (ac-joints), the mean direction is (65), and the longitudinal valleys express the directions (170-180) as oblique joints and (150-160) as a longitudinal (bc-joints), the mean direction is (155). The direction (060-070) appears in all office and field joints stations as a dominant direction represents ac-joints produced by the primitive collision between Arabian and Iranian Plates. The direction ( 140-150 ) is appear as second dominant direction represents bc-joint induced on the hard beds of sandstone these beds alternate with weak beds of claystone and siltstone. The bc-joint and the differential erosion act altogether to form the longitudinal valleys. These bc-joint produced as released joints happened after the reposing of the folding. The directions (000-010) and (170-180) appear in all office stations, supposed as oblique joints related to Arabian and Turkish plates collision that happened after the Arabian and Iranian collision.

الكلمات الدلالية

Keywords: transverse valleys --- longitudinal valleys --- release joints --- collision


Article
Isolation Of Proteus vulgaris urease Producer From Children Infected with Urinary Tract Infections
عزل Proteus vulgaris المنتجة لليوريز من اطفال مصابين بالتهابات المجاري البولية

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الخلاصة

709 urine sample were collected from children suffering urinary tract infection through period March - September 2007. The results indicated that(514 ) 72.4% of the samples were Positive for bacteriological culture, and( 87)16.9 %of isolates were Proteus .The distribution infection was 70.11% female and 29.89% male ,and18.4% of isolates were Proteus vulgaris. All isolates were urease producer, and specific activity 1.74 unit/mg protein for active isolates. Different concentration of selected heavy metals were used to assess tolerance of Proteus vulgaris to their toxic ions, results indicated that (33.33, 25, 50, 16.16, 16.16, 25 )% of isolates were tolerant ( 0.1, 1.5, 2, 3, 0.03, 1.5 ) mM from Hg , Cd , Zn ,Cu , Cr ,Co ) respectively . The sensitively of these isolates were tested against (13) antibiotics. The results showed that antibiotic Ampicillin was non effective with percentage of resistance( 100%) , while the antibiotic Ciprofloxacin was found to be the most effective against local isolates with a percentage of resistances 0% . The M.I.C was determined for Ten antibiotics, results showed differences values of M.I.C among isolates, some was able to resist (128-1024) µg/ ml β-lactam antibiotics, while their resist (16-512) µg / ml cephalosporin antibiotics. Results showed linkage between antibiotics and heavy metals with percentage 91.66 % Ampicillin, Tetracycline and Mercury.


Article
DETERMINATIN OF THE BACTERIAL TYPES THAT CAUSE URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN DIYALA PROVEN
تحديد أنواع البكتيريا التي تسبب التهاب المسالك البولية المثبتة في ديالى

المؤلفون: Sundus Adil Naji --- Adawia Fadil Abbas
الصفحات: 274-283
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الخلاصة

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common confusion a physician must deal with both in outpatient and hospitalized patients. U.T.I. is important because it may involve the urethra, the bladder, ureterus and kidneys.UTIs cause considerable discomfort and inconvenience to the patient and are occasionally responsible for protected symptoms or more serious manifestation ,such as sepsis, and death .To determine the important species of bacteria species that cause the U.T.I in diyala proven and other statistical information's. A total of 150 patient with signs and symptoms of UTI, and 150 randomly sampled as controls from out-patient clinicals with no signs or symptoms of UTIs were enrolled in this study .Urine specimens were subjected to general urine analysis for bacteria, pus, and renal casts, and then these specimens were cultured on blood,maCconkey & nutrient agar using loop method to differentiate the bacterial species .Only 39(26%) patients were positive for significant UTI. UTIs are less common in females than males (6%and 20%) respectively. The higher prevalence fond in older cases (more than forty years ).Escherichia coli is the predominant organism to be isolated (56%).From the total patients and throughout the general urine analysis examination , it seems that only 111(74%) excreted pus cells.


Article
A study of some virulence factors for bacterial causes of middle ear infection and the effect of material of the ear wax
دراسة لبعض عوامل الفوعه للمسببات الجرثومية لخمج الاذن الوسطى وتاثير المادة الشمعية للاذن

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الخلاصة

Faithful to the study: middle ear infection is one of the important diseases that affect all age groups and both sexes. As it is the main cause of hearing loss in children, which affect the process of learning speech and language and the level of intelligence of the child. Objective of the study: The aim of this study is to diagnose causes of bacterial infection of the middle ear and causes compared to those of acute and chronic. As well as the study of some virulence factors and the effect of wax as a material disincentive to the growth of germs. How It Works: The study included the collection (180) swab permission from the patients with middle ear Boukmj auditors to the clinic Advisory / Division of ear, nose and throat in a hospital in Baquba / Diyala province, during the period from 1/11/2004 until 5/30/2005 were distributed among cases between 94 (52.2%) were male and 86 (47.8%) were females. The diagnosis of infection-causing isolates by methods approved standard has been conducting studies of other virulence factors such as studying and study the effect of the ear wax material. Results: Results showed that the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the cause of the most common infection of the middle ear as it was isolated 52 (30.6%) cases, followed by both Proteus mirabilis and aureus Staphylococcus as the number of isolates 30 (17.64%) and 24 (14%), respectively . Showed 17 (70.83%) isolates of S. aureus their ability to produce an enzyme Alpittalaktaz, followed by the bacterium Proteus mirabilis as it showed 18 (60%) isolates of their ability to produce an enzyme Alpittalaktaz came bacterium P. aeruginosa ranked third as the percentage of isolates producing enzyme (59.6%). showed 22 (91.7%) isolates of S. aureus and 44 (84.6%) isolates of P. aeruginosa Alheimolaesen their ability to produce, and Proteus mirabilis was ranked third as the percentage of isolates producing Imolaesen (80%). Showed 25 (83.3%) isolates of Proteus mirabilis 41 (78.8%) of isolates aeruginosa p. Epithelial cell adhesion ability of man, and showed 9 (37.5%) isolates of S. aureus viability of epithelial cell adhesion to humans results showed influential disincentive to waxy substance produced by the ear on the growth of 9 (45%) isolates of P. aeruginosa did not appear in 11 (55%) any impact on that article. Conclusions: found that the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most common bacterial causes "in the middle ear infection, while chronic emerged streptococcuse spp. more frequent" in the acute infection. Isolates also showed its ability to produce one or more of the virulence factors and adhesion factors, and observed the impact of material detachment of ear wax on the growth of germs that cause infection.


Article
Comparative Study between CT-Scan and Ultrasound in Diagnosis of Liver Tumors
دراسة مقارنة بين CT-المسح الضوئي والموجات فوق الصوتية في تشخيص أورام الكبد

المؤلفون: Eman Ismail Mohammed
الصفحات: 296-306
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الخلاصة

Liver is affected by both benign and malignant tumors, the tumors may be single mass or multiple nodules or occasionally be diffusely invasive ,in our research both CT- scan and ultrasound have been used for diagnosis, and in order to investigate which of them is more accurate biopsy examination has been done for each of the tissue liver tumor. The total number of patients was 40(24 males and 16 females) their mean age was 52 year , all of them are suffering from liver tumor .They were collected from specialized surgical hospital and specialized center for GIT and liver diseases .All patients were examined by both CT-Scan and ultrasound and then their results were compare with the biopsy results .The results of ultrasound examination were :23 patient (57.5%) have malignant tumor and 9 patient ( 22.5%) have benign tumor while 8 cases (20%) was diagnosed as a healthy person and the results of CT-Scan examination were : 23 patient ( 57.5% ) have malignant tumor and 17 patient ( 42.5% ) have benign tumor, from this we conclude that the efficiency of CT-Scan in the diagnosis of liver tumors (100 %) is higher than the efficiency of ultrasound ( 80% ).


Article
A statistical study of certain types of cancers in the province of Diyala
دراسة إحصائية لبعض أنواع السرطانات في محافظة ديالى

المؤلفون: وصفي محمد كاظم
الصفحات: 307-335
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to Diyala province to determine the cases of injuries, cancers, number and type where the observed increase in the number of injuries in a period with the exception of years (2005 and 2006) for males, and this goes back to the security situation in the province as there are fears a security to review clinics and hospitals in the province and center the province. The results indicate an increase in cancer morbidity in the remaining years of research and increase the number of cases of congenital malformations in embryos. It has been observed also an increase in the number of infections in areas with high population density and near the camp (Camp Saad and the Military College and the second county seat) and may be caused by U.S. bombing of these areas and the use of weapons of radioactivity in previous wars.


Article
Simulation times of system operation, and maintenance of machines and production workshop
محاكاة نظام أوقات عمل وصيانة مكائن ورشة إنتاجية

المؤلفون: فارس مهدي علوان
الصفحات: 336-368
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الخلاصة

We have started the modern use of the word simulation in the work of von Neumann (Von Newman) in late 1940, when the use of simulation analysis with Monte Carlo (Mont Carlo) for the application of mathematical methods to one of the important problems of nuclear protection and very high cost. However, the simulation has taken a different meaning when you see the high-speed computer at the beginning of the fifties to the possibility of their use in describing the mathematical model and the development of computer mail.


Article
A study of some physical and chemical properties affecting the quality of drinking water for the city of Baquba
دراسة بعض الخواص الفيزيائية والكيميائية المؤثرة على جودة مياه الشرب لمدينة بعقوبة

المؤلفون: مهدي حاتم ديوان
الصفحات: 369-383
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الخلاصة

Some physical and chemical properties for five water purification stations in Baqubh and the villages near it were studied, the study started in January to December 2009, it shows that water ( pH ) concentration is within the weak alkaline aspect ,As for the ratio of total dissolved solids and its relation with the electrical conductivity , the study shows that the quantity of total dissolved solids is within the permitted levels for drinking water , it's also shows that the ratio of total dissolved solids in the stations of Baqubh central and Al-Tahreer is less than the three other stations , Al-Tahreer water station recorded the higher ratio of the concentration of water dissolved solids (485 )ppm in November, whereas Baqubah central station of water recorded the lower ratio (190 )ppm in July ,the electrical conductivity is studied to ensure the containing of the studied samples of the dissolved solids , the concentration of the dissolved oxygen values in the water were measured and shows its within the permitted ratios for drinking water , various ratios were recorded in the lower level in Al-Tahreer water station ( 5.5 )ppm in December , and higher ratio in Al-Hadeed water station ( 12.0 )ppm in January ,total hardness for water was studied and the results showed that calcium and magnesium were the most elements that caused hardness in all the stations mentioned above ,and the ratio of concentration of the two elements were in accordance with the measures of drinking water quality ,the higher ratio of calcium was in Al-Hadeed water station ( 58 )ppm and the lower ratio was in Baqubah central station ( 40.4 )ppm, whereas the concentrations of magnesium recorded opposite values to the concentration of calcium in all station , water turbidity was also studied ,and its shows that water turbidity was in accordance with the permitted measures in some months and not in the accordance with the permitted measures for the most months of the year and recorded ( Turbidity > 5.0 NTU ) in all water stations.


Article
Purification and characterization of extra cellular Pectin lyase from Erwinia carotovora isolate from spoilt potatoes
تنقية وتوصيف اضافية ياز البكتين الخلوية من carotovora الإيروينية عزل من البطاطا مدلل

المؤلفون: Alyaa. M --- kbaal M.Salmaan Abdul Hammed
الصفحات: 383-397
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الخلاصة

Erwinia carotovora (7) isolates were obtained out of 20 spoilt potato samples from local market of Baquba city .The isolates that gave higher Pectinolytic activity was selected to purify pectin lyase through three stages of purification including (ethanol precipitation, ion- exchange chromatography by DEAE – Sepharose and gel filtration by Sephadex G50 with 63.9- fold purification , 69.5U / mg specific activity and 30% recovery.The purified enzyme was characterized :the molecular weight was about 29 KDa by gel filtration chromatography .The temperature for maximum activity was 60c° and maximal activity was observed at pH 8.5 .Some metallic ions such as Ca+ and Mg+2 increased Pectin lyase activity to 140 and 133 % respectively .while the other metals such as Co+2 ,Hg+2 ,Ni+2 Zn+2and Sn+2 inhabited enzyme activity.Therefor ,This research leads to increase interest by using Pectin lyase in the current biotechnological application .


Article
Dynamic analysis of energy sold through the pulse function to model external variables (ARMAX)
تحليل ديناميكية الطاقة المباعة من خلال دالة النبضة لنموذج بمتغيرات خارجية (ARMAX)

المؤلفون: ايفان علاء ناظم
الصفحات: 398-416
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الخلاصة

The summary of research can be illustrated by the work of sales department in the General Company for Electricity Distribution Baghdad as vital and very effective, so it contains three stages of (energy sold, the value of energy sold, cash received) and has been building a model of energy sold using the methodology of Box - Jenkins and by compared it with model artificial networks neural network and through the neural network was identified on the dynamics of energy sold and its impact on the months, and also to identify the loss of the energy sold and processed. Theory / Introduction: The problem of designing control system well is basically access to features dynamic of the process to be analyzed or control, or other words knowledge of effects and properties of the process dynamics, where the approach to the cycle of performance that can be designed such a system (mathematical model) reflects the dynamic process , the system (model) the designer must represent in the form of mathematical relationships statistically; such as time series (Time Series) and differential equations with a time constant (Continuous Time Differential Equations) and difference equations (Difference Equations) and the equations of transfer of persistent or intermittent (Continuous Or Discrete Transfer Functions ) (2) and others, and difficult developments in the systems make them the inputs and outputs (Input & Output) any black box (Black-Box) where you can not understand the relationships only through the representation of data samples and simulation to gain access to the system operations control dynamic.


Article
Using simultaneous equations system for Iraqi economy (1988_2002)
استخدام وتكييف نماذج إحصائية قياسية على الاقتصاد العراقي للفترة (1988-2002)

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الخلاصة

The system simultaneous equations represents (Simultaneous equations system) and a causal relationship two-way first of the independent variable Independent variable)) to the dependent variable (Dependent variable) and the second of the dependent variable to the independent variable and the mutual influence makes the assumption that the independence of the random variable for the independent variable is incorrect and therefore the capabilities of the least squares routine be biased (Biased) and inconsistent (Inconsistence), therefore, the presence of the impact of two-way street in the function mean in itself that there should be equations or a set of equations to describe the relationship between two variables Valmngar's in the first equation may be found in the group of independent variables in the second equation and this leads a dual role, as is the impact be in the first equation and influential in the second equation. Where the method of least squares two-stage (Two stage least square) and the method of least squares with three stages (Three stage least square) in the estimate have been using the program of Econometrics (Gretl 1.8.0) to get the results. The conclusions reached by researchers are: - 1. The method of least squares two-stage (Two stage least square) is the best method of least squares with three stages (Three stage least square) to estimate the simultaneous equations system (Simultaneous equation system). 2. Component of GDP was significantly below the level of (0.1) in the function of private spending. 3. Investment component under a moral level (0.1,0.05,0.01) in the function of government spending in addition to that, the contribution to gross domestic product GDP (75.04%) to private spending any function that increase the gross domestic product (GDP) by (100%) leads to the increase in foreign spending by ( 75%) while the value of his contribution (60.16%) for the function of investment and this means that the increase in gross domestic product (GDP) by (100%) leads to increased investment by (60.16%) The function of government spending has reached its contribution (39.71%) which are to increase GDP (GDP) by (100%) leads to increased government spending by (39.71%). While researchers recommend to: - 1. The need for economic efficiency at the enterprise level and all sectors of the economy through optimal use of factors of production to raise the rates of gross domestic product (GDP). 2. The need to encourage households to reduce the function of private spending and focus on saving (investment) to raise the rates of GDP 3. The need to follow the government's economic policy concerned with reducing rates of government spending in the field of consumer and make up for it on the field of investment to increase the rates of gross domestic product (GDP).


Article
Explanation of the relation between atomic oxygen and energy contents released from combustion of nitro compounds using PM3 method
تفسير العلاقة بين الأوكسجين الذري والمحتوى الحراري الناتج من احتراق المركبات الحاوية مجاميع النترو باستخدام طريقة PM3

المؤلفون: Salah aldin jassim صلاح الدين جاسم
الصفحات: 450-463
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الخلاصة

The goal of this work is to diagnostic the high energy content of 1 , 3, 3 trinitroazetidine (TNAZ) by follows the decomposition pathways to investigate the endothermic and exothermic reactions due to study the potential energy surfaces (PES) . Dissociation of this compounds based on changes in molecular geometry which was accomplished by stepwise increasing of bond lengths (assumed during combustion process ) in addition to changes in bond angles which produce new isomers by rearrangement phenomena. This job was carried out by using PM3 calculations which is one of the semiempirical molecular modeling.


Article
Clinical Data Supporting the Importance of Vascular LH/ hCG Receptors of Uterine Blood Vessels
المعلومات السريريه السانده لاهميه مستقبلات هرمون في الشريان الرحمي hCG

المؤلفون: Ali Hassan Mohammed علي حسن محمد
الصفحات: 464-477
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الخلاصة

Recent studies revealed functional extragonadal gonadotropin receptors at several sites of the human body. The human chorionic gonadotropin/luteinizing hormone (hCG/LH) receptor messenger RNA and protein were found in the endothelial and vascular smooth muscle layers of the human uterine arteries. In vivo administration of hCG decreased the blood flow resistance in the human uterus and in vitro increased vasodilating eicosanoids in the vascular wall.


Article
A comparative study between primipara and multipara dairy cows about dystocia, retained placenta and utrine infections
دراسة مقارنة بين أبقار الحليب ذات الولادة الواحدة ومتعددة الولادات من حيث عسر الولادة و احتباس المشيمة و ألالتهابات الرحمية

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in a Alwahda farm of cow milk production around Baghdad in 2001, this farm contains the Holestein and Frisian cows and their hybrids. The study includes 162 primipara cows(first group) and 159 multipara cows(second group). The study had shown that 75 cows (46%) of first groups suffered from dystocia while 58 cows (36%) of second group suffered from the same problem. The 42 cows of first group (26%) were had retained placenta and 33 cows (20%) of second group suffered from the same problem . There is no statistically significant difference in these problems between two groups . The study also shows that 74 cows (45.4) of first group also suffered from uterine diseases in the comparison with 41 cows (30.3%) from second group with statistically significant difference between two groups . The 49% of cows off springs in the first group were males , while male offspring reached to 69.4 % in the second group, there was significant difference in the male and female off springs between two groups .


Article
Calculation The Energy Levels and Energy Bands(g, β, γ-bands) for Gd(A=140-160) Isotopes
حساب مستويات الطاقة والطاقة عصابات (ز، β، γ-العصابات) لكلمة المدير العام (A = 140-160) النظائر المشعة

المؤلفون: فراس عبد احمد
الصفحات: 491-508
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الخلاصة

In the present work the interacting boson model version one have been used to calculate the energy levels and energy bands (g, β, γ-bands) of Gadolinium Gd(A=140-160) isotopes by using the program (IBSS1.for).This program calculate the eigen values and eigen vectors. The results were compared with the experimental data and they were found in a good agreement.


Article
Testing the effect of salt, cinder and some fungicides against the influence rod disease on date- palm in center of Iraq (Dyala province)
تقويم فاعلية مادتي ملح الطعام التحضير على الخصائص البصرية للأغشية الرقيقة (PbSعام و مادة الرماد وبعض المبيدات الكيمياوية الفطرية ضد مرض خياس طلع النخيل في محافظة ديالى/ الع ا رق

المؤلفون: K.A.Hassen كريم عبدالله حسن
الصفحات: 509-515
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الخلاصة

this study was done to examine the activity of salt, cinder and some fungicides against the inflorescence rot caused by mauginiella scattae Cav. The experiments were carried out in dyala province during 2004-2005 season.there was no significant difference between the fungicides in its effective, Antracol- wp showed higher effectiveness,salt and cinder had highly effective against the disease so they could use safely at the same time.

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