جدول المحتويات

مجلة زراعة الرافدين العراقية

ISSN: 1815316X
الجامعة: جامعة الموصل
الكلية: الزراعة والغابات
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

صدرت مجلة زراعة الرافدين لأول مرة عام 1966 واستمرت لغاية عام 1982، وتوقفت بعد ذلك لمدة ثلاث سنوات بسبب القرار الوزاري بتوزيع المجلات العلمية على الجامعات العراقية وحسب الاختصاصات حيث كانت حصة العلوم الزراعية لجامعة صلاح الدين التي أصدرت المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية (زانكو)، وكانت المجلة الوحيدة في العلوم الزراعية في وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي ، ثم صدرت مجلة زراعة الرافدين مرة أخرى وذلك في عام 1986 واستمرت إلى عام 2000 إذ تم اعتماد مجلة زراعة الرافدين مجلة قطرية وبهذا تم تغير اسمها إلى المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية . وحصلت على الرقم الدولي ISSN 1609-4077 واستمرت بالصدور إلى المجلة إلى عام 2004 إذ تم إعادة اسم المجلة إلى مجلة زراعة الرافدين واعتبرت مجلة قطرية – دورية-علمية – محكمة وحصلت على الرقم الدولي الجديد ISSN 1815-316X وصدر المجلد 33 العدد 1 وهو تسلسل مجلة زراعة الرافدين إذ أن المجلة أصدرت 32 مجلد قبل تحويلها إلى المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية. واستمرت المجلة في الصدور إلى الوقت الحاضر 2012 المجلد (40) .

كانت المجلة عند صدورها عام 1966 بعدد واحد سنوياً، وحالياً تصدر بأربعة أعداد دورية لكل سنة. ولابد من الإشارة إلى أن المجلة في بداية إصدارها عام 1966 كان يضم العدد خمسة بحوث باللغة الانكليزية، وتزايدت في الوقت الحاضر لتضم 30 بحثاً باللغتين العربية والانكليزية .

حصلت المجلة خلال مدة عملها على تقييمات وزارية عالية فقد حصلت هيئة التحرير في عام 1996 على كتاب شكر وتقدير من السيد الوزير لتميز المجلة ، كما اعتبرت المجلة متميزة في عام 2009 أيضا إذ حصلت على درع الوزارة وشهادة تقديرية .وقد حصلت المجلة في سنة 2012 على الاعتمادية الدولية وبالتالي اصبحت في متناول جميع دول العالم .

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معلومات الاتصال

E-mail:agrimeso@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2005 المجلد: 33 العدد: 4

Article
WATER RELATIONS IN LETTUCE(Lactuca sativa L.Var longiflia)
العلاقات المائية في الخس( Lactuca sativa L. Var longifloia

المؤلفون: Caser G. Abdel قيصر جعفر عبد
الصفحات: 2-7
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الخلاصة

Four experiments were conducted to investigate sowing rates (1, 2, 3, or 4g. seeds.mˉ²) effects on lettuce transplant performance, to improve growth and yield of lettuce by populations, plot and furrow cultivations under rainfalls and supplementary irrigation, to boost drought resistance by using either GA3 or NAA rates of 0, 50, 75 or 100 mg.lˉ1. Results of experiment 1 showed that 2 g seeds.mˉ² was the most suitable rate for the high performance transplant productions. It gave transplant numbers of 738.3 in which large, medium and small size transplants constituted 18, 36, and 46%, respectively. Results of experiment 2 revealed that the possibility of producing lettuce under rainfalls only and supplementary irrigation is not required, furrow cultivation was superior to that of plot. It exceeded the latter by 15.4% in term of yield, high population (28 plants.mˉ²) yielded ( 109.1% ) more than that of ( 14 plnt.mˉ²),however it tended to reduce the weight of individual head. The highest yield ( 8.08 kg.mˉ²) was obtained from furrow high population interactions with either rainfalls or supplementary irrigation. Experiment 3 results confirmed that GA3 highly improved the hearting process, particularly 100mg.l-1 treatment which resulted in the highest yield(5.9 kg.mˉ²), bulk density ( 0.2 g.cmˉ³), head size(2150 cm³) and individual head weight (423.3 g). The final experiment 4 results showed that NAA rate of 50 mg.lˉ1 was the most effective treatment as it gave the highest yield ( 3.12 kg.mˉ²), and weight of single head (403.3 g). However NAA rates were inferior to these of GA3.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
USURIOUS LOAN & ISLAMIC LOAN
الإقراض الربوي والإقراض الإسلامي دراسة مقارنة بالتطبيق على المصرف الزراعي في نينوى

المؤلفون: Hanaa’ S. Daowd هناء سلطان داؤد
الصفحات: 4-10
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الخلاصة

The purpose of this study to know the Islamic formulas as a substitute for interest rate which can be used in agricultural banks. A number of farmers don't like to deal with agricultural banks that take the familiar interest due to their religious rules , and because of the high costs from which the farmers suffer. Therefore, this research started in an attempt to prove its hypothesis which says that it is much better to use Islamic formulas as a substitute for interest rate. The most important conclusion is that we can apply the Islamic formulas and make use of their positive facilities to help a large number of payees to get loans from agricultural banks. The aim of here to attract more and more farmers to deal with agricultural banks, especially the farmers who reject borrowing loans at any interest. Those farmers prefer only to deal with bank transactions according to the Islamic formulas.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF WHEAT MILLING BY PRODUCTS (BRAN) AND CELLULOSE ON CHOLESTEROL, LIPID PROFILE AND ATHEROGENIC FACTOR FOR GROWING RATS
تأثير الناتج العرضي لطحن القمح (ألياف القمح) والسللوز في مستوى الكولسترول ومكونات اللبيدات وعامل تكوين الخثرة في الجرذان النامية

المؤلفون: Abdullah M. Thannoun عبدا لله محمد ذنون
الصفحات: 8-18
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الخلاصة

Cholesterol and lipid profile lowering effects of wheat milling by products (wheat bran) compared with cellulose in male Sprague Dawley growing rats was studied. Different levels of cellulose and wheat bran were formulated into seven balanced basal diets to provide 0, 5, 10 and 15 % of both cellulose and wheat bran and fed to rats for 4 weeks. Each diet was also incorporated with 0.2 % pure cholesterol. Results showed that addition of 10 % and more wheat bran significantly (P< 0.05) reduced serum and liver total cholesterol (TC) compared with cellulose. Addition any level of cellulose or wheat bran did not significantly (P<0.05) reduced TC in kidney, heart and spleen of the rats. Whereas, addition of 10 % and more wheat bran significantly (P<0.05) increased fecal TC compared with cellulose. Addition of 10 % and more or 5 % and more of each cellulose and wheat bran, respectively significantly (P<0.05) reduced serum total lipids (TL), whereas incorporated 10 % and more wheat bran in the diets significantly reduced liver TL compared with addition even 15 % of cellulose. There were no significant differences in TL in kidney, heart and spleen after incorporated cellulose and wheat bran in the diets of the rats. Results showed that increasing the levels of wheat bran in the diets of the rats to 10 % and more, significantly (P<0.05) increased the concentration of TL in the feces compared with cellulose. Incorporation of the diets of the rats with 5, 10 and 15 % of both cellulose and wheat bran did not significantly (P<0.05) reduced serum Low Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) or increased serum High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c). However, addition of cellulose and wheat bran insignificantly (P<0.05) reduced serum LDL-c/HDL-c and TC/HDL-c ratios or atherogenic factor. It was concluded that addition of wheat bran may be enhanced the cholesterol lowering effect and reduced the atherogenic factor for growing rats.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONNOMIC SURPLUS IN AGRICULTURAL GROWTH IN SELECTED ARAB CONNTRIES HAVE LIBERATION AND ECONCMIC CONTRROLLING POLICIES
أثر الفائض الاقتصادي الزراعي في النمو الزراعي في بلدان عربية منتخبة ذات سياسات تحرر وتحكم اقتصادي

المؤلفون: Alaa M. Abdullah آلاء محمد عبد الله
الصفحات: 11-21
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الخلاصة

This research interests in the topic of agricultural economic surplus as being described as one of the growth elements of agriculture especially in the developing countries and Arab countries .The follow control policies or economic liberation will give an important economic indicator about the development in such countries .Therefore ,the research aims at studying the direction that may have great agricultural surplus in order to cure the indicators of growing economics in these countries .Then ,we have the estimation of effects that may be created by changes of that surplus and the agricultural economic surplus in the range of agricultural growth for states that follow the policies of liberation and economic control which selected for time series (1980-2002) .Throughout the study ,we have reached to the result that the situations of agriculture in the Arab countries studied in the research whether they are countries of liberation policies or economic control reaches the type of self satisfying agricultures because of small farms and their dispersing here and there leading to lowering the estimated agricultural economic surplus .Also, the traditional agriculture leads to lowering of the capita share causing lowering in farmers savings with wide surplus i.e the work return is affected highly by most of it. This does not mean that the work is with high efficiency ,but the increase of work share at economic production levels reaching zero leading to the leak of the economic surplus away from agricultural growth efforts ,in addition, part of public consumption expenditure depends on the circumstances of the mentioned surplus.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS PUPILS IN MOSUL CITY
تقييم الحالة التغذوية لتلاميذ المدارس الابتدائية في مدينة الموصل

المؤلفون: Bayda A. Yahya بيداء عبد الرزاق يحيى
الصفحات: 19-28
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الخلاصة

For a period of nine months (October 2003-June 2004), 927 pupils of primary schools, (males and females) in Mosul City were assessed for their nutritional status using nutritional methods and measurements including nutritional history, physical examination (standard chart of weight and height, body mass index) in addition to laboratory estimation of hemoglobin level in blood due to malnutrition. The study aimed at identifying nutritional problems and deficiencies in which nutritional intervention is essential for recovery. The study showed that 58% of primary school pupils were in normal state of nutrition, the remaining 41.7% complaining from malnutrition, 33% of them have mild degree, 1.2% with moderate malnutrition, while over weight diagnosed in 7.5% of student. There were no significant difference between pupils from different socioeconomic levels regarding malnutrition, while over weight showed a high percentage among moderate level group. Related factors to pupils nutritional health diagnosed by this study as: improper nutritional school programs, unhealthy dietary habits among pupils, deficit nutritional educational programs. It has been found that 66% of mild malnourished pupils complaining of anemia. The study suggest a more frequent nutritional surveys at different community's levels, with improvement of nutritional educational programs that emphasize school family participation.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ECONOMIC STANDARD ANALYSIS OF FATTENING LOCAL LAMBS EXPERIMENT AT THE FIELDS COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY, MOSUL UNIVERSITY
تحليل اقتصادي وقياسي لتجربة تسمين الحملان المحلية في حقول كلية الزراعة والغابات/ جامعة الموصل

المؤلفون: A. M. Hussein عبد السلام محمد حسين
الصفحات: 22-27
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الخلاصة

The study aimed calculations of costs, incomes, profits, invested of one dinnar for three groups of local lambs which are feeding and fattening . on the three different rations in the level of protein (12, 13, 15% crude protein respectively). The optimum use of agricultural resources is generally regarded as one of the main tasks of farm management. It reduces farming cost on the one hand and increases profits or farm revenue on the other hand. This however, depends on the competence of farm management and the range of its application to the economic principles which include, some scales especially the farm management competence scale. This study was conducted at the fields of College of Agriculture and Forestry, Mosul University, and it included the economic standard analysis of the data collected from the lamb’s fallening local lambs experiment. The results showed that the third group which fed the third ration was the most profit-making compared wheb with the second and first lambs groups respectively. This profit ran up to 25173, 28302, 30281 Iraqi Dinars for each lamb in every group respectively. The invested Dinars profit reached to 1.366, 1.410 1.404 for the first, second and third groups of the lambs respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF WATER STRESS,LIGUD PARAFFIN AND CALCIUM CHLORIDE IN GROWTH,YIELD AND QUALITY IN POTATO
تأثير الشد المائي وشمع البارافين السائل وكلوريد الكالسيوم في النمو والحاصل والنوعية في البطاطا ( Solanum tuberosum L . )

المؤلفون: Zuhair A.Dawood زهير عز الدين
الصفحات: 28-39
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in a private potato farm in Mosul City during two spring seasons of 2002 and 2003 , in sandy – loam soil . Liquid paraffin as anti transparent at two concentration ( 0 and 2 % ) were applied twice ( after 53 and 84 ) days from planting , and calcium chloride ( Ca Cl2 ) at three concentration ( 0,1 and 2 % ) were also applied twice ( 47 and 77 ) days from planting , respectively , to improve growth and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L . CV .Desiree ) , and to reduce the damage of water stress . Plants were exposured to water stress twice by no water supply till plant wilting during tubers formation period ( 51 and 82 days after planting date ) . The study included 12 treatments laid out in Factorial Experiment within Split – Plot Design replicated three times .The results can be summarized as follows: Exposuring potato plants to water stress caused a significant decreases in total water content (TWC) in leaves , leaf area , dry weight of plant , tuber number per plant , tuber weight , plant and marketable yield , and percentage of Ca content in tubers .However , a significant increases was observed in dry matter , percentage , total soluble solids (TSS) and percentage of loss and decayed tubers after storage . Foliar application of liquid paraffin at 2 % concentration significantly increased the TWC and total chlorophyll content in leaves , tubers number , tuber weight , plant and marketable tuber yield .While no significant effect were found on leaf area , plant dry weight and quantitative characters of tubers . Foliar application of calcium chloride by 1 and 2 % concentration , significantly increased the TWC in leaves , marketable yield , and Ca percentage in tubers. A significant decrease was shown in the percentage of loss and decay in stored tubers .The interaction treatments between liquid paraffin and CaCl2 , significantly decreased the damage effects of water stress on stressed plants and improved growth and yield of unstressed plants , however, the spraying of liquid paraffin and CaCl2 decreased the differences between water stressed and non-water stressed plants in many growth and yield characters .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFICACY OF ACTIVATED SODIUM BENTONITE TO REDUCE THE TOXICITY OF AFLATOXINS AND T-2 TOXIN IN BROILER CHICKS
كفاءة بنتونايت الصوديوم المنشط في خفض سمية كل من سموم الأفلا وسم T-2 في الافراخ النامية

المؤلفون: K.M. Thalij
الصفحات: 29-32
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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted to determine the ability of activated sodium bentonite(ASB) at a concentration of 0.5% to reduce the toxicity of aflatoxins (AF) at 2.5 mg or T-2 toxin at 4 mg/kg of feeds alone or in combination on one–day-old male broiler chicks feed for three weeks. Results indicated the BW gain was reduced significantly (p<0.05) when feeds containing AF or T2 and AF with T-2 toxin to 26.17, 18.88 and 37.38% respectively, and become 17.4, 14 and 30.81% respectively changed from control group when adding ASB. The decreased feed consumption , efficiency feed utilization , the increased relative (liver, kidney, heart, spleen, pancreas, gizzard) proventiculus weights , decreased relative bursal of fabricious , thymus gland weights , increased in the total leucocytes counts , absolute numbers of heterophils , decreased the lymphocyte, monocyte and basophiles were significantly diminished to different degrees by the sorbent in the feed containing AF alone or with T-2 toxin, while the T-2 toxin group was not affected except increased the relative gizzard weight and decreased relative bursal of Fabricious and thymus gland weights and decreased in total leucocytes counts. The adding ASB did not diminish the toxic effects of T-2 toxin on these parameters.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF FOLIAR APPLICATION OF UREA ON SEEDLING GROWTH OF THREE OLIVE ( Olea europaea L.) CULTIVARS
تاثير الرش الورقي باليوريا في نمو شتلات ثلاثة اصناف من الزيتونOlea europaea L

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الخلاصة

Olive transplants of three cultivars (Khodeiri, Dremalali and Sorani) were sprayed three times during 2004 season with four levels of urea (46%N) (0,0.5,1and1.5%), one month intervals between each spray , the first spray was done at 10/4.Results which were obtained at mid October, indicated that there were a significant increase in the nitrogen concentration in the leaves ,leaf area, stem height and diameter ,number and length of new branches ,dry weight of vegetative growth and roots with the increase of urea concentration in the spray solution. The percentage of increase in these parameters in the fourth treatment ( that sprayed with 1.5% of urea) over the control were 81.08, 57.45, 20.32, 55.18, 365.56, 18.63, 56.70 and 52.25 % respectively . Dremalali cultivar was dominated over Khodeiri and Sorani cultivars in all characteristics studied. The percentage of increase of all parameters in this cultivar over Kodeiri cultivar were between 5.55-45.90 %, meanwhile the percentage of increase over Sorani cultivar were between 4.11-43.98%. Morever the best treatment was the Dremalali seedlings which sprayed with 1.5% urea .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON POTASSIUM ADSORPTION-DESORPTION IN SOME IRAQ SOILS
تأثير درجة الحرارة على امتزاز وتحرر البوتاسيوم بالتربة

المؤلفون: M.A.Alobidi محمد علي جمال العبيدي
الصفحات: 47-56
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الخلاصة

This work was conducted to study potassium-adsorption-desorption in isotheam calcareau soil of Northern Iraq at three different levels of temperature 278, 298, 318 kº, from the obtained data, The adsorption-desorption curves had been constructed according to first order reaction, The results showed that the increase ot temperature from 278 to 318 kº caused an increase in the rate of coeffient adsorption (11x10-3-18.10-3 min-1) and rate coeffient of desorption from 5.2x10-3 to 7.2x10-3 min-1. The result also showed activation energy adsorption process is less than Ea of desorption, and of processes were control by diffusion process, free energy were negative and decreased with temperature increases.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME OLIVE VARIETIES DURING GROWTH AND MATURITY
خصائص ثمار بعض اصناف الزيتون في اثناء النمو والنضج

المؤلفون: S.R. Al-Obady شيماء رياض عبد السلام
الصفحات: 57-63
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الخلاصة

Three varieties of olives (Bashike, Manzanillo and Dugal) were used to study the chemical and physical changes during growth and maturity (From July to November). The results showed that moisture % of Bashike, Manzanillo and Dugal varieties were significantly (P> 0.05) increased . The highest percentage was noticed during October , and started to decrease in November. The percentages of ash, protein, carbohydrate, and crude fiber significantly (P > 0.05 ) decreased , while the pectin contents were significantly (P > 0.05) increased . The highest percentages of pectin was noticed in August, then decreased toward the end of the growth period, also a slight decrease in total acidity, whereas pH values increased during the growth period. The contents of chlorophyll a and b significantly (P> 0.05) decreased at the end of the growth period. The physical properties of the olive fruits were also changed during the growth period. Length of the fruits, diameter, volume, weight and flesh/ seed were significantly (P> 0.05) increased, whereas the hardness and density significantly (P> 0.05) decreased with at the end of the growth period.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME OLIVE VARIETIES DURING GROWTH AND MATURITY
خصائص ثمار بعض اصناف الزيتون في اثناء النمو والنضج

المؤلفون: S.R. Al-Obady شيماء رياض عبد السلام
الصفحات: 64-96
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الخلاصة

Three varieties of olive (Bashike, Munzanillo, and Dugal) were used to study the changes in oil and fatty acids during growth and maturity . The oil was extracted at the end of growth period and stored at room temperature to study some of its quality properties, also to find prediction equation for predicting oil content, with relationship to pectin and hardness to detect the proper collecting time of the fruits. The results showed that the oil was appeared in fruits with small contents in two months from the beginning of the growth period, and then significantly increased (P < 0.05) toward the end of the growth period in all olive varieties. Fatty acids content of olive oil varied among varieties. The highest percentage which noticed in the three varieties was oleic acid and the lowest was stearic acid, and appeared in traces. Storage of olive oil resulted an increase in traces. Storage of olive oil resulted an increase in acid value at the beginning of the storage period and a slight increase tow the end of the storage period for the three varieties. Refractive index and iodine value of oils for the varieties were slightly differed during the storage period. Saponification and peroxide values were increased significantly tow the end of the storage period. Anyway, the oil characteristics were acceptable and within the standard specifications.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF MICROWAVES ON THE NITROGEN DISTRIBUTION AND SOME PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND MICROBIAL CONTENT ON SHEEPS MILK
تأثير أشعة المايكروويف على التوزيع النتروجيني وبعض الخواص الفيزيائية والمحتوى المايكروبي لحليب الأغنام

المؤلفون: Mowafak M.Ali موفق محمد علي
الصفحات: 70-74
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الخلاصة

Sheep milk was subjected to microwave for 60-180 sec., and analysed for nitrogen distribution , pH and rennet coagulation time.Also analysed for total bacterial count,Co- liform bacteria ,Staphylococcus and Salmonella. Heating with microwaves improved the bacteriological quality of milk ,but resulted in partial denaturation of whey proteins ,and Increased the ratio of casein nitrogen and non protein nitrogen,and retardation of the rennet coagulation time of milk.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF GIBBERELIC ACID CONCENTRATION AND SOAKING PERIODS ON SEED GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH OF Pinus canariensis
تأثير التراكيز وفترات الغمر بحامض الجبراليك على إنبات البذور ونمو شتلات الصنوبر الكناري

المؤلفون: Sumood H. Ali صمود حسين علي الحديدي
الصفحات: 75-79
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out during 2001 to investigate the effects of soaking of Pinus canariensis seeds in different concentration of GA3 (0,200and300) ppm for different periods (0,10,15and20) minutes. Results revealed the superiority of the concentration 300 ppm in all studied characters Vis; germination percentage , survival percentage , seedlings hight and dry weight of stem , leaves & roots . Also,the soaking period of 20 minutes showed superior result due to its effect on seedling hight and dry weight of stem and leaves . As well, the interaction of soaking in the concentration 300 ppm for 20 minutes was superior in its effect on the characters of dry weight of stems& leaves .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF SEVEN GENOTYPES AND THEIR COMPLETE DIALLEL CROSSES AND HERITABILITY ESTIMATE FOR BREAD WHEAT (TRITICUM AESIVUM L.)
تقييم أداء سبعة تراكيب وراثية وهجنها الكاملة وتقدير قوة الهجين في حنطة الخبز (Triticum aestivum L.)

المؤلفون: Ahmed A. Ahmed أحمد عبد الجواد أحمد
الصفحات: 80-87
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الخلاصة

Seeds of five new bread wheat entries ,Kea, Tr380, 2Ca, Tow”s” and Kvz in addition to the two local varieties, Saberbeg and Abou-Graib-3 were sown during the season 1997/1998 . Complete diallel cross program was applied for the seven parents . In the following season the performance of all the genotypes was evaluated through the study of the characters : number of days to 50% anthesis, plant height, number of spikes / plant, spike length, number of grains / spikes, biological yield / plant, grain yield / plant, harvest index, 1000-grain weight and protein percentage. Highly significant differences between genotypes were detected for the all characters. The entry, Tow”s” was superior for spike length, number of grains/spike, biological yield and 1000-grain weight, while the entry, Kea was exceeded on the others for number of spikes /plant and the reduction of plant height . Heterosis and heterobeltiosis for the two hybrids Abou-Graib-3 × Tr380 and Kvz × Tr380 were found for the number of spikes/plant, number of grains/spike, biological yield , grain yield/plant and 1000- grain weight.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
COMPARTIVE STUDY OF SOME DURUM WHEAT VARIETIES ANDTHE EFFECT OF NITROGEN AND PHOSPHOROUS FERTLIZATION ON YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS UNDRE
دراسة مقارنة عدة أصناف من الحنطة الخشنة وتأثير التسميد النتروجني والفوسفاتي في حاصل الحبوب ومكوناته تحت الظروف الديمية في شمال العراق

المؤلفون: M.A. Mohammed محفوظ عبد القادر محمد
الصفحات: 88-91
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in field crops station /Ninavh Al - Rashidia for the season 2001-2002 in order to finding out suitable varieties of some durum wheat (Om-Raby , Waha , Bagra-jow and local variety with fertilized (60kg/h ) of compund fertilizer (27:27:0) NPK, Result indicated superiority of fertilizer treatment in plant hight, No of spikes /m2 , seed index and the yield of grain and straw. Om-Raby variety gave the same effect significant for the same characters. The superiority of Spikes/m2 resulted from the interaction of fertilizer treatment with all varieties where as highest grain yield and harvest index gaind from interaction of fertilizer treatment with Om-Raby variety .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE EFFICENCY OF SOME HERBICIDES IN TWO WHEAT VARITY (Triticum durum) ON WEED CONTROL UNDER DRY LAND AREA IN NORTH IRAQ
كفاءة بعض المبيدات الكيميائية في صنفين من الحنطة الخشنة (Triticum durum ) في مكافحة الادغال للمناطق الديمية في شمال العراق .

المؤلفون: Salim H. Anter سالم حمادي عنتر
الصفحات: 92-97
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الخلاصة

Field experiment was conducted in winter season of 2004-2005 at field of college of Agriculture / Mosul university field to evaluate the effeciency of two herbicides ( Topik 70 g.a.i / ha , Lintor 120 g. a . i /ha ) with two wheat varity ( Waha , Om rabee ) for weed control in wheat field under dry land farming conditions . Date were subjected to the conventional analysis randomized complete block design (R.C.B.D) as a factorial experiment within split plot with three replicats . The results , showed that the narrow leaf weeds had decreased up to 98 , 91 % for Topik and Topik + Lintor treatment , respectively . Also broadleaf weed had decreased up to 74.5 , 54% for Lintor + Topik ,and Lintor treatment respectively There is no significant effect of varity or herbicides on number of tillers , number of seeds per spik and 1000 seeds wieght , but significant effects on plant seed yield had been showed where Om rabee had higher seed than Waha . Also waha had been effected with weeds more than Om rabee . There is no significant effect between herbicides used on plant seed yield .

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Article
GROWTH AND YIELD OF SOME LENTIL ( Lens culinaris Medic ) GENO TYPES AS AFFECTED BY POTASSIUM FERTILIZER
نمو و حاصل عدة تراكيب و راثية من العدس ( Lenis cutinaris Medic ) بتأثير التسميد

المؤلفون: A.M. Al-Hasan عباس مهدي الحسن
الصفحات: 98-105
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted during the growing season 1999-2000 two different location in north Iraq viz ; Sallameah ( 40 km south of Mosul ) , and Rabiah ( 92 km north-west Mosul ) to study the effect of two level of potassium fertilizer, and kgK2O/ha , on growth and yield of sixteen genotype of lentil .The experiment was carried out using split-plot in R.C.B.D. with three replacements . Fertilization with 40 km K2O/ha increased significantly pod number/plant ,seed and biological yield at Salllameah location , number of primary and secondary branches/plant and seed yield at Rabiah location .Genotype differed significantly for all studies characters at both location except for the number of secondary branches/plant at Sallameah location . The genotype F96-25L was the earliest in maturity at both location , while the local variation were the latest in maturity . Genotype 78S 26002 was superior to local variation and most other genotypes in pods/plant and seed yield at Rabeah location while genotype F96-25L was superior to local variation and most other introduce genotype in pods/plant , yield and biological yield at Sallameah location .

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Article
FIRST RECORD OF HENDERSONULA BRANCH WILT OF POPLAR IN IRAQ
تسجيل أول لمرض ذبول الأفرع الهندرسونيولي على أشجار الجنار في العراق

المؤلفون: Nidhal Younis Almurad نضال يونس محمد المراد
الصفحات: 106-113
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الخلاصة

Platanus branch wilt was studied in Ninavha forest where the fungus Hendersonula toruloidea Nattrass was regarded as potential pathogen. According to young shoot cutting bioassay technique of H.toruloidea culture filtrate. It was clear that culture filtrate caused shoot cutting wilt after few days of treatment Four fungicides( Atmy Benlate Daconil &Mancozeb) were used to control the disease . All the fungicides caused significant inhibition to mycelium growth at 100mg/L ,and reduce significantly to canker development where the canker was 5.6 cm after using ِAtmy and 7.4,6.8cm Daconil and Mancozeb treatment respectively ,while Benlate treatment showed the lowest effect with 9.3cm. Increasing irrigation intervals showed significant effect on artificial infection percentage and the best irrigation intervals was 12 hours. The infection percentage was positively correlated with reducing of Irrigation intervals and that had an effect on the studied phenomenon

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Article
ECOLOGICAL STUDY ON OAK SEED WEEVIL (Cucrulio longipennis Rett Curculioidae: Coleoptera) IN SWARATUKA REGION/ DOHUK COVERNORATE
دراسة بيئية في حشرة سوسة بذور البلوط(Curculio longipennis Rett, Curculionidae:Caleoptera) في منطقة سواره توكا – محافظة دهوك

المؤلفون: Ismail N. Almaroof إسماعيل نجم المعروف
الصفحات: 114-120
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الخلاصة

The study was conducted in Swaratuka region in Dohuk governorate during October 2002 on the occurrence of oak seed weevil Curculio longipennis Rett on oak trees of Quercus aegilops L. to evaluate the effect of interaction between the direction of forest and the direction of trees with its highest on the percentage of infestation, and the number of larvae in the seed. Statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences at probability 0.05 between the direction, highest for the forest and trees on the characteristic under study. West direction of forest and tree were represented high percentage of infestation and the same direction of the forest and east of the tree were represented high average number of larvae 2.23 at the highest more than 3 m for trees, but the north direction of the forest and north of tree at the highest under 3 m were represented a lower percentage as 28.16% and 0.53 larvae for characteristic under study respectively. Finally the percentage of germination of non-infesting oak seeds or which infested with one larvae, tow larvae, three larvae or four larvae and more, under natural condition of Mosul region (average temp. 12cْ and 58% relative humidity) were 72.6, 66.66, 48.22, 21.22, 8.53 % ,respectively.

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