جدول المحتويات

مجلة زراعة الرافدين العراقية

ISSN: 1815316X
الجامعة: جامعة الموصل
الكلية: الزراعة والغابات
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

صدرت مجلة زراعة الرافدين لأول مرة عام 1966 واستمرت لغاية عام 1982، وتوقفت بعد ذلك لمدة ثلاث سنوات بسبب القرار الوزاري بتوزيع المجلات العلمية على الجامعات العراقية وحسب الاختصاصات حيث كانت حصة العلوم الزراعية لجامعة صلاح الدين التي أصدرت المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية (زانكو)، وكانت المجلة الوحيدة في العلوم الزراعية في وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي ، ثم صدرت مجلة زراعة الرافدين مرة أخرى وذلك في عام 1986 واستمرت إلى عام 2000 إذ تم اعتماد مجلة زراعة الرافدين مجلة قطرية وبهذا تم تغير اسمها إلى المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية . وحصلت على الرقم الدولي ISSN 1609-4077 واستمرت بالصدور إلى المجلة إلى عام 2004 إذ تم إعادة اسم المجلة إلى مجلة زراعة الرافدين واعتبرت مجلة قطرية – دورية-علمية – محكمة وحصلت على الرقم الدولي الجديد ISSN 1815-316X وصدر المجلد 33 العدد 1 وهو تسلسل مجلة زراعة الرافدين إذ أن المجلة أصدرت 32 مجلد قبل تحويلها إلى المجلة العراقية للعلوم الزراعية. واستمرت المجلة في الصدور إلى الوقت الحاضر 2012 المجلد (40) .

كانت المجلة عند صدورها عام 1966 بعدد واحد سنوياً، وحالياً تصدر بأربعة أعداد دورية لكل سنة. ولابد من الإشارة إلى أن المجلة في بداية إصدارها عام 1966 كان يضم العدد خمسة بحوث باللغة الانكليزية، وتزايدت في الوقت الحاضر لتضم 30 بحثاً باللغتين العربية والانكليزية .

حصلت المجلة خلال مدة عملها على تقييمات وزارية عالية فقد حصلت هيئة التحرير في عام 1996 على كتاب شكر وتقدير من السيد الوزير لتميز المجلة ، كما اعتبرت المجلة متميزة في عام 2009 أيضا إذ حصلت على درع الوزارة وشهادة تقديرية .وقد حصلت المجلة في سنة 2012 على الاعتمادية الدولية وبالتالي اصبحت في متناول جميع دول العالم .

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معلومات الاتصال

E-mail:agrimeso@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2005 المجلد: 33 العدد: 3

Article
PATH COEFFICIENT ANALYSIS IN UPLAND COTTON
تحليل معامل المسار في قطن الابلاند Gossypium hirsutum L.)

المؤلفون: Hazem. M. Al - Bayaty حازم محمود البياتي
الصفحات: 2-7
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الخلاصة

Six parents and 15 F1 hybrids of a diallel cross were grown in Sallamiya region in 1998 using randomized complete block design with three replication. Boll weight, boll number, plant height and seed index exhibited significant correlation with seed cotton yield. Path coefficient analysis revealed that the number and weight of the boll contributed most to seed cotton yield. The estimates of determination coefficient as percent were arranged as follows: boll number (27,03%), boll weight (18,13%) and the joint effects of boll number with boll weights (2,84%).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE OBSTACLES FACING ACADEMIC RESEARCH IN THE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY – MOSUL UNIVERSITY
معوقات البحث العلمي للتدريسيين في كلية الزراعة والغابات / جامعة الموصل

المؤلفون: Aamel F. Al-Abbasy عامل فاضل خليل العباسي
الصفحات: 4-9
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الخلاصة

The objectives of this research were to determine the academic research obstacles and ranking its importance , and to find out the differences and relationship with some variables . The sample consists of ( 49 ) respondents representing ( 22.68% ) of the faculty members of the college of agriculture – university of Mosul. A questionnaire was developed to collect the data which was analyzed by using Kruskal – Wallis test and person’s correlation . It was found that the most important obstacles were lack of scientific laboratories , apparatus , fields , also weak participation in scientific meetings and financial problems . It was also found that the obstacle level is independent from other variables which are : scientific degree , scientific status , years of employment , and number of published research .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF SOME DRIED LEGUMES IN NORMAL HUMAN SUBJECTS
استجابة كلوكوز الدم والمؤشر الكلوكوزي لبعض البقوليات الجافة لدى الأشخاص الطبيعيين من الذكور

المؤلفون: Abdullah M. Thannoun عبد الله محمد ذنون
الصفحات: 8-18
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الخلاصة

Blood glucose response and glycemic Index (GI) for broad bean kernels, whole broad bean, chickpea, lentils and kidney bean in normal human subjects using glucose as standard were studied. Twenty one male normal human subjects (age 22-35 years and body mass index, BMI 22-26 kg/m²) were chosen as volunteers for this study. The subjects were divided randomly into groups where each three or four of the subjects could submit to the experiments. After 12 hours overnight fast each subject was tested for blood glucose at 0 time before given the test food or glucose standard in an amount to provide 50 g carbohydrate. Glycemic response, Incremental Area under the Curve (IAUC) and Glycemic Index (GI) were determined and calculated. The results show that there were significant (P<0.05) differences between the IAUC and GI of legumes in normal subjects. The respective GIg (GI when glucose as standard) values for the broad bean kernels, whole broad bean, chickpea, lentils and kidney bean were 66, 53, 36, 22 and 26 compared with 100 for glucose standard. The highest IAUC value (159 mmol. min/L) was resulted after the ingestion of broad bean kernels compare with the lowest value (54 mmol.min/L) after the ingestion of lentils. Comparable and similar gradient values of GIb (GI when white bread as standard) for the same legumes were resulted. It was concluded that legumes such as lentils, chickpea and kidney bean elicited very low GI, whereas whole broad bean and broad bean kernels gave medium GI. Therefore, it was suggested that the legumes which have lower GI could be used in the diet management of diabetic therapy of type II diabetes.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICIE ON THE VOLUME OF AGRICULTURAL LOANS IN ARABIC STATES
السياسة النقدية وأثرها على حجم القروض الزراعية في الدول العربية

المؤلفون: Hanaa’ S. Daowd هناء سلطان داؤد
الصفحات: 10-20
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الخلاصة

This research aims studying the affecting of monetary policies on the volume of agricultural loans at the agricultural credit institutions in the Arabic States, by using the multiple linear regression analysis, depending on the loans that spent during a year 1999. For the purpose of a measurement the loans divided by types, by term, by source, and according to purpose. Therefore this research started in an attempt to prove its hypothesis which says, that the differences of the volume of agriculture loans in the Arabic States are by the differences of the tools monetary policies. The most important conclusion, the instability of interest rat on the agriculture credit, non existence of a realistic interest rat structure which is responsive to market forces, the value of loans impact uphill and slump with the prices that reflect the level of inflation that lead to, diminish of financing. Finally, many of the Arabic States overvalued their currencies, and this lead to a decrease in agricultural investments

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF BREADS AND SOME WHEAT PRODUCTS IN NORMAL HUMAN SUBJECTS
استجابة كلوكوز الدم والمؤشر الكلوكوزي للخبز وبعض منتجات القمح لدى الأشخاص الطبيعيين من الذكور

المؤلفون: Abdullah M. Thannoun عبد الله محمد ذنون
الصفحات: 19-28
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الخلاصة

Blood glucose response and glycemic Index (GI) for whole wheat loaf, white flour loaf and white flour bread "Tannour bread" and wheat products such as burghul, habbiyah, reshta and spaghetti in normal human subjects using glucose as standard were studied. Twenty one normal male human subjects (age 22-35 years and body mass index, BMI 22-26 kg/m²) were chosen as volunteers for this study. The subjects were divided randomly into seven groups where each three of the subjects could submit to the experiments. After 12 hours overnight fast, each subject was tested for blood glucose at zero time before given the test food or glucose standard in an amount to provide 50 g carbohydrate. Glycemic response, Incremental Area Under the Curve (IAUC) and Glycemic index (GI) were determined and calculated. The results showed that there were no significant (P<0.05) differences in GI between the three kinds of breads (61, 69 and 64 for each whole wheat loaf, white flour loaf and white flour Tannour bread, respectively), however, there were a significant (P<0.05) differences between each kind of bread and glucose standard (100). Further, the GI values of all kinds of bread were higher than that of other wheat products (41, 40, 26 and 40 for burghul, habbiyah, reshta and spaghetti, respectively). It was concluded that food processing method including changing in food components of the product resulted in variable blood glucose response. It was also concluded that the above wheat products could be used efficiently in diet management of Type II diabetes.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF FERTILIZATION AND WATER STRESS ON STORAGE CHARACTERISTICS OF POTATO Solanum tuberosum L.
تاثير التسميد والشد المائي في صفات الحاصل الخزنية لنبات البطاطا(Solanum tuberosum L)صنف ديزري

المؤلفون: Z. A. Dawood زهير عز الدين داود
الصفحات: 21-27
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted at Al-Danadan potato farm in Mosul city during the spring season of 2000, to study the effects of two levels of k-fertilizer as KCl (0 and 20 kg. K/donum 2500m2) and four levels of NP fertilizer (0,50 kg. N donum+31.5 kg. P/donum, 75 kg.N/donum +47.25kg.P and 144kg.N/donum +47.25kg.P/donum), and the effects of water stress (normal irrigation and no water supply till plant reaches wilting during the period of tubers formation), on some storage characteristics of potato tubers. Results indicated that, K-fertilizer decreased significantly in the percentage of damage tubers (24.7%), and sprouting tubers 25% during the storage period, while espousing potato plants to water stress during the period of tuber formation resulted in a significant increases as 32.8 and 457.7% in both characteristics respectively under storage condition. Adding k-fertilizer and increasing levels of N/P fertilizer had a positive role to decrease the damage of water stress on storage characteristics of potato tubers.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECTS OF FERTILIZATION AND WATER STRESS ON QUALITY OF THE YIELD OF POTATO Solanum tuberosum L . c. v. DESIREE
تأثير التسميد والشد المائي في نوعية حاصل نبات البطاطا (Solanum tuberosum L) صنف ديزري

المؤلفون: Z. A. Dawood زهير عز الدين داود
الصفحات: 28-39
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الخلاصة

Two field experiments were conducted in Al- Danadan potato farm in Mosul – Iraq in Spring season of 1999 and 2000, to study the effects of K fertilizer (0 and 24.5 Kg/donum), four levels of NP fertilizer (0, 50 Kg/N/donum + 31.5 Kg P/donum, 75 Kg N/donum + 47.25 Kg P/donum and 144 Kg N/donum + 47.25 Kg P/donum) and water stress (normal irrigation and no water supply till plants wilting during the period of tubers formation) on the quality of yield. The results showed better quality of yield with the addition of K and NP fertilizers, whereas plants exposure to water stress during the period of tuber formation resulted in a significant decrease in the quality of potato yield.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF CHELATED IRON AND GA3 SPRAY ON THE GROWTH OF OLIVE TRANSPLANTS Olea eurotaea L.
تاثير رش الحديد المخلبي وحامض الجبراليك في نمو شتلات الزيتون Olea europaea

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الخلاصة

Transplants of three cultivars of Olive (Khodeiri, Dremalali and Sorani),were sprayed with four levels of chelated iron (0, 10, 20 and 30 mg Fe/L.), and four levels of GA3 (0, 50, 100, and 150 mg GA3/L.) three times /season . The time period between one spray and anther was one month .The results obtained in the mid of October 2001 indicated that the sprayed cultivars transplant with iron at the concentration of 30mg.Fe/L.and GA3 at the concentration of 150mg. GA3/L. alone or both leads to a significant increase in the amount of chlorophyll A and B, number and length of branches, dry weight of leaves, stem and branches and roots.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
NON ERODIBLE FRACTIONS IN THE ARID AND SEMI- ARID REGIONS
مجاميع التربة غير القابلة للتعرية في ترب المناطق الجافة وشبه الجافة / شمال العراق

المؤلفون: Khalid F . Hassan خالد فالح حسن
الصفحات: 53-55
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الخلاصة

The study was conducted on soils of Jazira area (North West Iraq) in the area between 200 and 400 mm isohytal lines to determine the relative distribution of non-erodible soil fractions NEF (with diameters> 0.84 mm) . Four samples of surface soil at a depth of (0-10 cm) and four subsurface soil at depth of (10-20 cm) distributed in the four directions were taken during August and September 2001. The samples were taken for dry sieving using sieves with diameter 0.25, 0.42, 0.84, 1, 2, 4, 6.4, 10 and 20 mm and the size distribution for the soil fractions was determined according to its erodibility. Some of the statistical parameters were established to find out the symmetry and dispersion characterization of soil fractions in the studied areas. The results revealed that all the studied areas were characterized by the increase of their contents with the non-erodible factions. Thus a resistance against the wind erosion was set as their content of the non-erodible fractions was higher by 50%. Also, the dry mean weight diameter have seen to be higher than the critical limit of non-erodible soil fractions diameter .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
NON ERODIBLE FRACTION OF ARID AND SEMI ARID REGIONS
مجاميع التربة غير القابلة للتعرية في ترب المناطق الجافة وشبه الجافة / شمال العراق

المؤلفون: Khalid F . Hassan خالد فالح حسن
الصفحات: 56-75
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الخلاصة

The aim of this study was to determine some of the mechanical characteristics of the non crdible fraction (> 0.84) of six soil sits in arid and semi regions / north Iraq .These characteristics included ; Rate of deaggregation (RD)and potential stractural deformation index (PSDI).The results showed that . RD of the non erodible fractions was decreased with increasing the time of dry sieving . The PSDI values also decreased as a result of wetting of the dry non-erodible fraction .This varition may cause a strong destruction of this fraction due to the raindrop impact during winter season

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
STUDY SOME OF SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTES UNDER DIFFERENT COVER IN MOSUL FOREST
دراسة بعض الصفات الفيزيائية لترب غابات الموصل تحت أغطية نباتية مختلفة

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الخلاصة

. This study was conducted in three different locations under three vegetation cover in Mosul forest included the soil under Sycamoro trees, Italian cypress trees and River red gum. Soil profiles have dug and some soil physical properties have been measured at two layers (0-30 and 30-90cm )in each site . An equation has been used to find the relationship between soil texture depth and location . The results showed that the soil was well developed under the sycamoro trees as the depth coefficient of texture in creased however the soil was less developed under Italian cypress trees, mean while the soil under the River red gum trees appeared immature soil .The porosity showed different values, however the soil texture kept constant without any changes depending on the depth and location.

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Article
THE EFFECT OF EGG WEIGHT ON HATCHABILITY AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
تأثير وزن البيضة على نسبة الفقس و علاقة الوزن الابتدائي بالنمو اللاحق في فروج اللحم

المؤلفون: Thamir Abdul Aziz ثامر عبد العزيز عز الدين
الصفحات: 82-87
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الخلاصة

This experiment was carried out on the experimental station–of the College of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Mosul .Two hundred eggs chosen from 32 weeks old, meat type (Cobb) breeder hens and were classified into four weight classes ;group one (45-50)g; group two(51-56)g ;group three(57-62)g ;group four(63-68)g .Hatchability traits and subsequent chicks performance were studied as a result of different egg groups .The results of hatchability indicated that smaller eggs (45-50)g had a significant (p<0.05) embryonic mortality , less fertility and hatchability than medium weight eggs (58-62)g which showed optimum results among the different egg weight ranges for hatchability .Body weight gain of one day old chicks belong to the last three groups were higher (P<0.05) in the 6 weeks of age than the weight of chicks hatching from the eggs of group one (less than 51g).Better feed conversion ratio were recorded in the chicks from the higher egg weights .Less mortality was found among chicks hatched from medium and large eggs (group, 3and 4) .Attention should be given to egg weights , day-old body weight of chicks for achieving maximum broiler performance of marketing age.

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Article
COMPARING THE PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF BROILER HYBRIDS RESULTING FROM THREE AND FOUR WAY CROSSES
مقارنة الأداء الإنتاجي لهجـن فروج اللحم الناتجة من التضريب الثلاثي والرباعي

المؤلفون: Nahil M. Ali ناهل محمد علي سليمان
الصفحات: 88-93
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at the poultry farm of the College of Agriculture and Forestry – Hammam – Alalil. The objectives of this study were to compare the productive performance of the three – way cross broiler chicks (ABD) with that of the four – way cross broiler chicks ( ABCD). Data revealed that there were significant difference (p  0.05 ) between 8 week body weight of three – way cross chicks compared with four –way cross chicks. No significant differences , were observed in feed conversion ratio and percent mortality between the two crosses .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
STUDY OD SOME FACTORS AFFECTING ON PRODUCTION CHARACTERS BUFFALO BREEDING IN NINEVAH PROVINCE
دراسة بعض العوامل التي تؤثر على الصفات الإنتاجية في الجاموس المربى في محافظة نينوى

المؤلفون: Basil A. Mahmood باسل عواد محمود
الصفحات: 94-98
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الخلاصة

The data is taken from (78) milch buffalo cows which are found on a private buffalo breeding farm in Ninevah province during the period from December 2001 to February 2004. The data were collected and analyzed to find the effect of parity and season of calving on total milk production, length of lactation, and dry period. The average of over-all were (2147kg; 281.230; 138.12 days) respectively. Results showed that parity had highly significant (p< 0.01) effect on over–all productive characters, so milk production increased with parity progressing from 1st to 7th calving. While length of lactation and dry period had decreased with progressing parity, the shortest averages were (257.87; 105.59) days respectively at 6th calving. Concerning calving season there was no significant on all productive characters.

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Article
SPORE FORMING BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM STERILIZED MILK IN MOSUL MILK PLANT
البكتريا المكونة للسبورات المعزولة من الحليب المعقم في معمل ألبان الموصل

المؤلفون: F.O. Mohammed فيصل عمر محمد
الصفحات: 99-102
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الخلاصة

This study was performed to detect the spore forming bacteria that frequently represent the major bacteria in sterilized milk that might cause milk deterioration. A total of 46 isolates were noticed in sterilized milk produced by the Mosul milk plant through a period of four months (July, August, September and October). These isolated bacteria all belonged to the genus Bacillus which included B.subtilis, B.circulans, B.licheniformis and B.megaterium that represented 52,23,15 and 8% , respectively. The influence of storing process for 4 weeks at 35°C on the number of spores and upon the ratio of deteriorated sterilized milk samples revealed that the number of spores increased upon the increase in storage time and ranged from 3-97 spores/ml. and it was also noticed that the percentage of deteriorated milk samples were relatively high, 5% during the third week of storage in August followed by another 5% the next week. While during September, the deterioration took place through the fourth week and had 10% of the stored bottles, whereas no deterioration was observed through both July and October. The acidity levels of sterilized milk were within the normal, 0.18 – 0.23 % which leads to a conclusion that deterioration due to the proteolysis of milk proteins.

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Article
THE EFFECT OF SOME TREATMENTS ON MICROBIOLOGICAL CONTENT OF
تأثير بعض المعاملات على المحتوى المايكروبي لجبن الراس المحلي والجبن المنتج من الحليب المبستر

المؤلفون: Narin M.Amin نارين محمد امين
الصفحات: 103-111
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الخلاصة

Total bacterial counts slightly decreased during 35 days storage while coliform bacteria , yeasts and molds significantly reduced . Psychrophilic bacteria and brucella however, started to decrease on the second week of storage . Generally , refrigeration had a slight effect on microbial contents of both cheeses . Freezing had significantly reduced microbial content in both cheese . There was a reversibil relationship between freezing period and microbial contents. Freezing caused a reduction of total bacteria count, psychrophilic bacteria,coliform bacteria,yeasts and molds as these microorganisms disappeared from the first week of storage . Freezing also caused a significant reduction in brucella content.A gradual decrease in total bacterial counts and coliform bacteria were observed upon thermal treatment , but yeasts , molds and psychrophilic bacteria were destroyed at 70ºCfor 5 days in local cheese samples .Cheese made from pasteurized milk did not contain brucella as compared to local cheese.Pickling of local cheese samples in salt solution at concentration of 3,5and 10% resulted in a significant decrease of total bacterial counts .There was a reversibil relationship between pickling and microbial contents .

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Article
TOXIC EFFECT OF SAP AND HEARTWOOD EXTRACTS OF SOME IRAQI TREES TO TERMITES (Microcerotermes diversus Silv., Isoptera, Termitidae)
التأثير السام لمستخلصات الخشب العصاري والصميمي لبعض أنواع الأشجار العراقية في حشرة الأرضة

المؤلفون: Nazar M. Al-Mallah نزار مصطفى الملاح
الصفحات: 112-117
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الخلاصة

The results of the recent study showed that the total extraction, namely, hexane, petroleum ether, and water, in both sap wood and heart wood of pine and cupresses trees showed a high percentage of mortality in termite, the general averages of mortality were : 46.3, 71.2, 61.1 and 72.3% respectively, while the total extraction for both sap wood and heart wood for platanus and poplar trees were of less effect on the termite. The general average were 33.9, 41.8, 43.0 and 44.2% respectively. Hexane extraction showed a high killing effect on termite workers. The general average of mortality was 59.5% followed by the petroleum ether and ethanol extraction equivalent mortality rates 59.0 and 59.3% respectively. Water extracts was of less effect on the termites with a mortality rate of 33.7%.

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Article
THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATION OF TRIGARD, SEED TREATMENT METHOD AND REARING TEMPERATURE ON BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) REARED ON CHICKPEA
تأثير التراكيز المختلفة من تريكارد وطريقة المعاملة ودرجة حرارة التربية في النشاط الحيوي لخنفساء اللوبيا الجنوبية المرباة على بذور الحمص

المؤلفون: Nazar M. Al-Mallah نزار مصطفى الملاح
الصفحات: 118-125
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الخلاصة

The results of the study revealed that the interaction between Trigard 75% W.P. concentrations, treatment methods and insect rearing temperatures on Callosobruchus maculatus reared on chickpea Cicer arietinum (L.) exhibit a varied effect on the rate of insect increase and dipping the chickpea seeds for one minute in a solution of Trigard 5% at 30 C, reduce the average of increase rate to 1.37 in comparison with control which reached 34.73. The effect of interaction between Tigard concentration, treatment methods and insect rearing temperature on the average of food consumption and the average generation period for two generations showed that increasing Trigard concentrations coincide with the reducing in the average weight loss of food of chickpea. Dipping the chickpea seeds in Trigard solution protect the seeds from insect attack in comparison with seed sprayed by Trigard and increasing the Tigard concentration increased the average generation period 34.17 day which was obtained from seed sprayed by 5% Trigard at 25 C. The studied factors showed no effect on sex ratio while it showed a significant difference for the weight between males and females.

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Article
OBTAINED HEALTHY FIG PLANTS Ficus carica L. FROM INFECTED BUDS BY USING TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUE.
الحصول على نباتات تينL. Ficus carica سليمة من براعم مصابة بفيروس الموزائيك

المؤلفون: Nabil A. Kassim نبيل عزيز قاسم
الصفحات: 126-129
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الخلاصة

Fig trees free of fig mosaic virus were obtained by using tissue culture techniques. Cultured meristimatic axillary buds (1mm) length obtained from infected with the virus. Using MS medium supplemented with (0.18 mg/L NAA + 0.1mg/L BA + 0.03mg/L GA3). They incubated in cultural room under light intensity 1000 LUX for 16 hours , then the first growth was achieved after five days from culturing and the leaves were completely developed after six weeks after culturing on this medium. The phenolic compounds prevented the formation and growth of roots , but when using charcoal these phenolic compounds were adsorbed and roots were initiated.

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Article
EFFECT OF HOST KIND ON AVERAGE RATE OF INCREASE AVERAGE FOOD CONSUMPTION AND SOME BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF FIG MOTH Ephestia cautella (Walk.)
تأثير نوع العائل الغذائي في معدل الزيادة ومعدل الفقد في الغذاء وبعض الصفات الحياتية لحشرة عثة التين Ephestia cautella (Walk.)

المؤلفون: W.A.Y.Alkhafaf وفاء عبد يحيى
الصفحات: 130-136
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الخلاصة

The result of the recent study showed that the host kind had an effect on the total amount in host losses which were rice , meal raisin ,date &fig where the average of losses were 14.15,20.03,22.2,31.3,31.48g/100g respectively .Date and fig showed significant differences which reflected on the insect average rate of increase 1.75and1.7 insect, respectively .The less average rate of increase where for Rice 0.97. A significant positive correlation also had been found between the average amount of loss and the average rate of increase with amount 0.73. Host kind had an effect on the average of eggs laying ,eggs hatching and average of duration of different periods stages of the insect .It showed that the average period for one generation was 47.75days for the date and the longer period was 68.25days for rice .

الكلمات الدلالية

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