Table of content

THE IRAQI MAGAZINJE FOR MANAGERIAL SCIENCES

المجلة العراقية للعلوم الادارية

ISSN: 18181074
Publisher: Kerbala University
Faculty: Economic and Administration
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

المجلة تصدر عن جامعة كربلاء / كلية الادارة و الاقتصاد من سنة 2001 و تصدر كل ثلاث اشهر عددا اي سنويا اربعة اعداد ، اختصاصاتها هي نشر بحوث العلمية و انسانية من البحوث التي تنشر هي (الاحصائية و المحاسبية و الجودة و الادارية و الاقتصادية ) و صدر الى الان 8 مجلدات و 31 عددا .

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Contact info

iraqijournal.karbala@yahoo.com
karbala university
economic and administration College

Table of content: 2008 volume:4 issue:22

Article
Fundamentals of Commodity Futures Markets
اساسيات اسواق مستقبليات السلع

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Abstract

Using a very broad definition, a market is a place that puts sellers and buyers in communication with one another, where prices are discovered, and where ownership may be transferred. This applies to every market, small or big, as well as to the futures markets everywhere. In general, the economic function of marketing adds space and time utility to a commodity or asset. The important role provided by futures markets is the facilitation of the time dimension of marketing by permitting buyers and sellers to conduct transactions calling for delivery at some future date. This is accomplished using very specific rules and regulations governing trading which are laid down by the exchange bylaws. These rules, the exchange's highly formalized and organized nature, and the characteristics of futures contracts make the market unique. Thus, this paper is aimed to the theoretical presentation of the most important fundamentals of commodity futures markets. This paper is reached to many conclusions, most important among is the futures market doing number of social functions which is serve some social purpose. If did not, it would most likely have passed from existence some time ago. Futures markets are meeting the needs of three groups of futures market users: those who wish to discover information about future prices of commodities, those who wish to speculate, and those who wish to hedge. That means the main three functions of futures markets are hedging, price discovering, and speculation. The paper is approached to many recommendations, most important among is necessity to satisfying all the needed requirements to establish such market in Iraq and preparing encouraged investment climate to attract the international financial institutions which are playing a crucial role in the inducing a market's trading activities and activate it's international presence instead of constrain it and make it like the narrow local model of markets, especially with outstanding physical base of Iraq (in the crude oil field at least) which can be modified to success such proposal.

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Article
Environmental Variable Relation Analysis with Strategical development and training in Iraqi Technical Educational Institutions.
تحليل علاقة التغير البيئي مع استراتيجيات التدريب والتطوير في هيئة التعليم التقني / جمهورية العراق

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Abstract

Analysis study of viable relation between strategic development and training in Iraqi technical educational institutions is build upon the effect that imagine the types strategies consider organizational response to its environmental characteristics . Environmental variables invite suitable attitude attempting to conclude directing contemporary perspective strategical introduction in scientific management and organizational behaviour . The objective of inquiry and way to the problem are :- 1-What environmental variables are acquired in Iraqi technical educational environment . 2- what types of strategic development and training should strategic technical educational organization leadership select . 3- what relation environmental variables have with strategic development and training . The study depended on a number of independent variable experimental assumptions after selecting from Deans of colleges and technical institutions .Questionnaires Were used to gather the information ,and a number of recommendations were concluded . The main important of them are :-Existing relation linking morale significance between variables. Study relates distinct environmental variables because of variable movement acquired in environment.

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Article
The effect personal features Indeterminate the Dimensions of Quality
أثر السمات الشخصية في تحديد تفضيلات أبعاد الجودة-دراسة تحليلية لسلوك الزبون العراقي

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Abstract

The research focus in studying the effect of personal features of iraqi customer as an important factor influnce customer behavior to determine its effect upon comodity quality dimentions preferences at iraqi market. The independent variable (personal features) includes four sub-variables (Age , Sex , Income and Education ). The dependent variable (comodity quality dimentions) includes eight sub-variables (Performance , Reliability , Durability , Features , Conformance , Aesthetic , Serviceability and perceived quality). The research proved :- - There is a clear effect to some personal features (Age , Income and Education). - Iraqi Customer interest with five influnced dimentions in his preference determination dimentions are :- A- Performance B- Durability C- Reliability D- Features E- Aestheti

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Article
The use of Japanese Wax in Ready stock Market to help in reducing investment per shares
استخدام أسلوب الشموع اليابانية في قراءة السوق المالي للمساعدة في تقليل مخاطرة الاستثمار في الأسهم

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Abstract

The present study sheds the light on one of the important technical styles used efficiently in stock markets. A sample of four companies registered in Amman stock market has been chosen. These companies are representatives of all Jordanian economic sects . The study covers the task there months of 2006. The programmer MATLAB 7,O has been conducted to carry out the analysis of the study . It is hypothesized that the Japanese wax style helps those working in the stock market in reading the movement and direction of the prices of shares, which would decrease risks and increase profits. The study concludes the following : 1- The Japanese wax maps are considered on important tool in technical analysis if it correctly read . Sometimes they are not dependable in making a certain viewpoint concerning prices . Dealers in stock markets are advised to adopt more than one style to build a clear strategy for investment. 2- Some shares of the sample might be reflexive wether optimistic ,that is to say ,when the share goes up it will reflect and goes down and vice versa. This would enable dealers to use it when it when analyzing the movement of the prices of the companies shares . 3- Some shares are continuous ,that is when the price of the share goes up .it will continue going up .and when it goes down it will keep on going down .This trend might be repeated in the future for the prices of some of some of the companies shares .chance. it is probable to depend on it as a guide in the investment processor .

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Article
The research ends with a number of conclusion and recommendations.
التكلفة الفرصية ودورها في محاسبة المسؤولية- دراسة في شركة الوسام لمنتوجات الألبان والمواد الغذائية

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Abstract

The problem of this research comes up with the result that not considering the concept of opportunity cost as an important part of the costs and not mentioning it in the performance reports and depending only on the explicit costs will lead to veil an important part of the relevant costs, then the inability of the management, in different levels, to take any right decision and imposing awared control. This research aims to presentation a theoretical and practical study regarding the application of responsibility accounting system based on opportunity cost. The research depends on the following hypothesis: - "Taking the concept of opportunity cost nd making it appear in the performance reports will ensure relevant information that will assist the management in its different levels to make the right decisions and imposing awared control through relying on the multiple linear regression in order to define the variable cost for each product, and the use of linear programming to define the best available alternative opposite to the company". The research is divided into paragraphs deals with the research methodology, previous studies, the opportunity cost, the explicit and implicit costs, relationship of the opportunity cost with concepts the responsibility accounting and profit centers and control reports, the limitation of variable cost for each product following the multiple linear regression model, preparing the ideal production plan for the year 2007 to the sample company using the linear programming model, applying the responsibility accounting system which is based on opportunity cost, and the important conclusions that revealed by the study and giving the suggested recommendations.

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Article
The analysis of the Effect of the Exchange Rates Risk on the Market Value of the Common Stocks -An applied Study on A sample of Banks, Which Branched internally and externally
تحليل تأثير مخاطرة أسعار الصرف على القيمة السوقية للأسهم العادية- دراسة تطبيقية على عينة من المصارف المتفرعة محلياً وخارجياً - الأردن أنموذج -

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Abstract

The Banking industry is facing Due to the Nature of its Activity in the Completion of Business Dealing of the International Trade of the Economic Risks Which Concern of Studying the impact of Fluctuations in Exchange Rates of Stock Prices in the Financial Market Value of them. This is an Attempt to Identify the Banks, which are More Vulnerable to the Risk of Exchange Rates and the Study Was Done on Sample of Banks Which Branched Internally and Externally Jordan is a Model

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Article
The foreign direct investment in governorates of the Al-Euphrates awset
الاستثمار الأجنبي المباشر في محافظات الفرات الأوسط

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Abstract

The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is one of the chief factors in development in the both of developed and developing countries, and the same time as an indication to open up country’s economic variables in a global towards market mechanism and adopt policies of economic reform and integration into the global economy and the growing role of corporate citizenship and autonomous increase in financial flows between countries. Research aimed at finding and expelling factors attracting foreign direct investment FDI in the governorates of the Euphrates awset. After reviewing the concept of foreign direct investment, relevance and discussing the most important positive and negative impacts him. Discussion covered the investment environment in the provinces of the Euphrates awset by focusing on the most important factors attracting investment and expelling it, then discussing the negative and positive factors for foreign investment to the governorates mentioned.

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Article
Carrying out management decision al activities Organized strategic management calashes with proposed strategic management in Iraqi organized business.
استراتيجيات إدارة الصراع التنظيمي مع استراتيجيات مقترحة لإدارة الصراع في منظمات الأعمال العراقية

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Abstract

Organizations are made up of interacting individuals and groups with varying needs objectives, ideas, philosophies, values, and perspectives that naturally lead to emergence of conflicts. When conflict occurs it can either stimulate new positive change or result in negative consequences, so theory of how organization form and operate must include a treatment of conflict to provide positive outcomes and avoid the negative possibilities. The research include three parts, the first part consist of conflict definition, stage levels, causes, and benefits, the second part include the various strategies to manage and control conflict, the third part include the general recommendations with suggestion strategies that Iraqi organizations can use to better mange and control conflict and invest its positive consequences.

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Article
Measurement of Data Pattern in the Behavior of Arab Exchange Market Indices
قياس نمط التباينات في سلوك مؤشرات أسواق رأس المال العربية

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Abstract

The research try to explain the importance of financial forecasting as a tool in making investment and financing decision in order to help to acheive goals , therefore the research deals with this phonominon by prossesing the data of financial arab stock exchanges provide and availabele by Arab Monotry Fund . The main aim of this research is to measure the different patterns of the arab stoch exchange indexes and testing accurecy of that forecasting , the methodology of the research depends on the measurement and compareson of different forecasting methodes , and the main conclussion of the research is that there are different patterns of the behavier indexes and in that case there should be different methods of forecast

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Article
The Role of Balanced Scorecard in Performance Evaluation of the Soft Drink Factory in Kufa
دور بطاقة العلامات المتوازنة في تقويم أداء معمل المشروبات الغازية في الكوفة

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Abstract

The Process of Performance Evaluation is Regard as a main Tool for Supporting the Management ability to Perform its Function Successfully ,which Reflects its aims in Efforts Evaluation and determine Efficiency and Effectiveness in this the Scope. Traditionally, the Performance Evaluation Focused on the Financial Measurement, which is Lacks to be a guide to the Performance in order to create the Value to the Organization, as soon as it doesn’t give Complete Imagination about the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Performance. So, the need to another Measurement have Multiple Components to face Large Competition and the other Rapid Continuous Changes in the Variable Environmental so the Performance Evaluation must depends on a mix of Financial and Non financial Measurement , as so as Search aims to use Balance Scorecard to maesure Short – term and Long – term Results to purpose Performance Evaluation by Efficiency and Effectiveness , Which Reflects to give Comprehensive Imagination about its Performance .

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Article
Implementing comprehensive quality :- Prospects implementing comprehensive quality basic management in Kerbala university
إمكانية تطبيق مبادئ إدارة الجودة الشاملة في جامعة كربلاء دراسة تطبيقية

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Abstract

In the last decades , higher education witnessed a deep change in teaching methodology . These changes has been cases many challenges of the development of learning techniques and the increase towards learning in addition to the great numbers of learners . all this requires high efforts to face these challenges , the most important of which is total quality management which is one of the basic corners in the modern management which in turn copes with the local and international changes . The study aims to explore the extent to which kerbala university applying the principles of total quality management .for this purpose the study is divided into four sections . The first deals with the method followed .The second presents the theoretical background . The third tackles the analysis of the results . The fourth present conclusions and recommendations .

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Article
Comparative Study ;-Banks hazards in possessing Capitol expenditure effect between Jordanian , Kuwaiti and Rajah investment banks .
أثر رأس المال الممتلك في المخاطرة المصرفية – دراسة مقارنة بين مصرفي الأردني الكويتي و ألراجحي للاستثمار

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Abstract

Banking is not only important , but it is the essential base for every financial system in any country . It has a great role in developing any country economically and socially and pushing it forward through getting money from individuals and investing it in various owned ways , the most important source on which the bank depends is the capital in addition to other sources such as deposits the owned capital is the storage to which the bank resort just in case of crises or sudden events due to the bank work represented by the various banking risks , therefore , it is ready and to face any risks that it might undergo through varying activating its financing sources and varying its investments so as to reduce the degree of risk . So the study analyze the owned capital through analyzation of its special remarks and analyzation of banking risk by using its special measures . Then the study do it with choosing of hypothesis by using the statistic measures ( ANOVA ) which includes the choice of ( F ) and ( T ) and coefficient of determination ( R2 ) , the period of this research ( 2003 – 2006 ) . What has been concluded in the present study is that two of the four owned capital sufficiency rates have a greater immaterial effect on the Rajhi bank for investment , whereas in the case of the Kuwaiti-Jordanian bank no immaterial tic effect has been found on the risk rates although the two banks were equal in capital sufficiency rates with a clear rise in banking risks rates for the former compared with the latter . The researchers recommend that it is necessary to give importance and activation to this financing source in addition to other various sources so as to reduce the degree of risk that the bank might undergo in different environmental developments

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Table of content: volume: issue: