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البصرة لابحاث نخلة التمر

ISSN: 18160379
الجامعة: جامعة البصرة
الكلية: الزراعة
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة البصرة لابحاث نخلة التمر الصادرة من مركز ابحاث النخيل-جامعة البصرة هي مجلة علمية نصف سنوية محكمة تهتم بنشر البحوث الاصلية والمبتكرةفي جميع مجالات النخيل والتمور على ان لا تكون قد نشرت سابقا في اي دورية محلية او خارجية

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معلومات الاتصال

kmaaljabary@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2008 المجلد: 7 العدد: 1

Article
EFFECT OF TREATMENT BY POLY ETHELENE GLYOL ON ACCLIMATIZATION OF DATE PALM(Phoenix dactylifera L. ) cv.Barhee PROPAGATED IN VITRO
تثير المعاملة بالكلايكول متعدد الاثيلين في اقلمة نيتات نخيل التمر صنف البرحي المكثرة خارج الجسم الحي

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الخلاصة

This present study was undertaken at Date Palm research Center-University of Basrah to determine the effect of Poly Ethylene Glycol at a different concentration on some characteristics in data palm Barhee cultivar propagated by in vitro, the main results of this Study were: 1-it was found that treatment with PEG at 25% led to decrease water loss from the leaves through the acclimatization stages . 2-it was found that treatment with PEG at 30% led to increase the percentage of acclimatization (100%); while treatment with PEG at 25% led to increase the percentage of acclimatization(80%).اﺠريﻫذااﻝﺒﺤثﻓﻲﻤرﻜزأﺒﺤﺎثاﻝﻨﺨﻴـل/ﺠﺎﻤﻌـﺔاﻝﺒﺼـرةﺒﻬـدفﻤﻌرﻓـﺔﺘـﺄﺜﻴرﻤـﺎدةاﻝﻜﻼﻴﻜـولﻤﺘﻌـدد اﻷﺜﻴﻠــــﻴنﻓــــﻲﺒﻌــــضﺼــــﻔﺎتﻨﺒﻴﺘــــﺎتﻨﺨﻴــــلاﻝﺘﻤــــرﺼــــﻨفاﻝﺒرﺤــــﻲاﻝﻤﻜﺜــــرةﺨــــﺎرجاﻝﺠﺴــــماﻝﺤﻲ،وﻗــــد أوﻀــﺤتﻨﺘــﺎﺌﺞاﻝﺒﺤــثإنﻝﻤــﺎدةاﻝـــPEG ﻓــﻲﺨﻔــضﻨﺴــﺒﺔاﻝرطوﺒــﺔاﻝﻤﻔﻘــودةﻤــنأوراق ًﻤﻌﻨوﻴــﺎً ﺘــﺄﺜﻴرا ﻨﺒﻴﺘـــﺎتﻨﺨﻴـــلاﻝﺘﻤـــروذﻝـــكﺒﻌـــدﻗطـــﻊاﻷوراقوﻗﻴـــﺎسﻨﺴـــﺒﺔاﻝرطوﺒـــﺔاﻝﻤﻔﻘـــودةﺨـــﻼلﻤراﺤـــلاﻷﻗﻠﻤـــﺔ اﻝﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔﻜﻤﺎأوﻀﺤتاﻝﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞإنﻝﻤﺎدةاﻝــPEG ﺘـﺄﺜﻴراﻤﻌﻨوﻴـﺎﻓـﻲﻨﺠـﺎحﻨﺴـﺒﺔاﻷﻗﻠﻤـﺔوذﻝـكنﺨـﻼل زﻴــﺎدةﻨﺴــﺒﺔﻨﺠــﺎحاﻷﻗﻠﻤــﺔإذ ازدادتاﻝﻨﺴــﺒﺔإﻝــﻰ100%ﻋﻨــداﻝﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠــﺔﺒﺎﻝـــPEG ﺒﺘرﻜﻴــز30%،ﻓــﻲ ﺤــﻴناﻨﺨﻔﻀــتاﻝﻨﺴــﺒﺔإﻝــﻰ80%ﻋﻨــداﻝﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠــﺔﺒــﺎﻝﺘرﻜﻴز25%واﻝــﻰ60%ﻋﻨــداﻝﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠــﺔﺒــﺎﻝﺘرﻜﻴز 20%،ﻜﻤــﺎأوﻀــﺤتاﻝﻨﺘــﺎﺌﺞإناﻗــلﻨﺴــﺒﺔﻝﻨﺠــﺎحاﻷﻗﻠﻤــﺔﺒﻠﻐــتﻓــﻲاﻝﻨﺒﻴﺘــﺎتﻏﻴــراﻝﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠــﺔ(ﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠــﺔ اﻝﻤﻘﺎرﻨﺔ)إذﺒﻠﻐت40 %.


Article
EFFECT OF SUCROSE ON SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF DATE PALM PLANTLETS (Phoenix dactylifera L).cv Shuraify PROPAGATED IN VITRO
تاثير السكروز في بعض صفات نبيتات نخيل التمر صنف الشريفي المكثرة خارج الجسم الحي

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الخلاصة

oratory/Date Palm Research Center-Basrah university to determine the effect of sucrose at different concentrations on some characteristics of date palm plantlets cultivar shuraify propagated by tissue culture, The main results of this study were: 1-The addition of sucrose at a concentration of 60 gm/L to the media led to significant increase of the average height of plantlets comparison with the other testes concentrations, plantlet height reached 8.54 cm. 2- The addition of sucrose at a concentration of 45 gm/L to the media led to significant increase in the rooting percentage, roots number and the numbers of leaves per plantlet in comparison with the concentrations 30 and 75 gm/L, the rooting percentage was 80%, the numbers of roots 4.60 per plantlet and the number of leaves was 3.6 per plantlet. 3-The addition of sucrose at a concentration of 60 gm/L to the media led to significant increase in the average of root length comparison with the other tested concentrations, the length of roots was 6.80 cm.أﺠرﻴــتﻫــذﻩالدراﺴــﺔﻓــﻲﻤﺨﺘﺒــرزراﻋــﺔاﻷﻨﺴــﺠﺔاﻝﺘــﺎﺒﻊﻝﻤرﻜــزأﺒﺤــﺎث اﻝﻨﺨﻴــل ﺠﺎﻤﻌــﺔاﻝﺒﺼــرةﺒﻬــدف ﻤﻌرﻓـﺔﺘــﺄﺜﻴرﺘراﻜﻴـزﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔــﺔﻤــناﻝﺴـﻜروزﻓــﻲﻨﻤـوﻨﺒﻴﺘــﺎتﻨﺨﻴــلاﻝﺘﻤـرﺼــﻨفاﻝﺸـرﻴﻔﻲاﻝﻤﻜﺜــرةﺨــﺎرج اﻝﺠﺴماﻝﺤﻲوأوﻀﺤتﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞاﻝدراﺴﺔﻤﺎﻴ :ﻠﻲ 1- إنإﻀــﺎﻓﺔاﻝﺴــﻜروزﺒﺘرﻜﻴــز 60 /ﻏــم ﻝﺘــرﻝﻠوﺴــطاﻝﻐــذاﺌﻲأدىإﻝــﻰزﻴــﺎدةﻤﻌﻨوﻴــﺔﻓــﻲﻤﻌــدل طولﻨﺒﻴﺘﺎتﻨﺨﻴلاﻝﺘﻤراذﺒﻠﻎ8.54 ﺴموﺒﻔﺎرقﻤﻌﻨويﻋنﺒﻘﻴﺔاﻝﺘراﻜﻴز . 2- إنإﻀــﺎﻓﺔاﻝﺴــﻜروزﺒﺘرﻜﻴــز 45 /ﻏــم ﻝﺘــرأدىإﻝــﻰزﻴــﺎدةﻤﻌﻨوﻴــﺔﻓــﻲﻨﺴــﺒﺔﺘﺠــذﻴراﻝﻨﺒﻴﺘــﺎت وﺒﻔﺎرقﻤﻌﻨويﻋناﻝﺘرﻜﻴـزﻴن و75 30 /ﻏـم ﻝﺘـراذﺒﻠﻐـت80%ﻜﻤـﺎأدتإﻝـﻰزﻴـﺎدةﻤﻌﻨوﻴـﺔ ﻓـــﻲﻋـــدداﻝﺠـــذوراذﺒﻠﻐـــت4.60 ﺠـــذر/ﻨﺒﻴـــتوﻜـــذﻝكزﻴـــﺎدةﻤﻌﻨوﻴـــﺔﻓـــﻲﻋـــدداﻷوراقﻝﻜـــل ﻨﺒﻴتاذﺒﻠﻐت3.6 ورﻗﺔ/ﻨﺒﻴت . 3- أدتإﻀﺎﻓﺔاﻝﺴﻜروزﺒﺘرﻜﻴز 60 /ﻏم ﻝﺘـرإﻝـﻰزﻴـﺎدةﻤﻌﻨوﻴـﺔﻓـﻲﻤﻌـدلطـولاﻝﺠـذروﺒﻔـﺎرق ﻤﻌﻨويﻋنﺒﻘﻴﺔاﻝﺘراﻜﻴزاذﺒﻠﻎ6.80 .ﺴ


Article
DETERMINATION OF CUPPER AND ZINC CONCENTERATIONS IN THE FRUITS OF DATE PALM Phoenix dactylifera L. IN BERHI CULTIVARS IN BASRAH
ﺘﻘدﻴر تركيز عنصري النحاس والخارصين في ثمار نخيل التمر صنف البرحي في منطقة البصرة

المؤلفون: Aqeel A.Suhaem عقيل عبود سهيم
الصفحات: 23-31
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in Basrah governorate at Abu- Alkhassieb location during the cultivation season 2004 (from may to the last of Augest month) by chosen two locations ,the first was an orchard nearst the bank of shaat- Al-arab river and the second was a far of shaat-Al-araab rivre bank ,to determine the micronutrints (cupper and zinc)content in the fruit of Date Palm Al-Berhi cultivar . The result of study explained the highest averaga of (Cu&Zn) at the first location which were 26.51and 16.18 microgram/gm of dry weight ,respectively ,with significant difference than the second location (that far from Shatt-Al- Araab river bank which were 21.07&11.24 microgram/gm of dryn weight for (Cu&Zn) respectively Also ,the result proved a monthely variance in the averages of cupper and zink for each locations ,and the higest average of cupper recoded at june month in the first location was 30.09 microgram/gm of dry weight with significant difference than the rest months of the year, while the highest average of cupper at the second location in August which reached 23.18 microgram/gm of dry weight, The result were the same with zinc element and recorded 19.87 microgram/gm of dry weight at first location in june month ,and 13.82 microgram/gm of driy weight, in second location at june month ,with significant difference than other averageو


Article
EFFECT OF ARAK AND HARMAL PLANT EXTRACTS ON GROWTH INHIBITION OF Mauginiella scaettae Cav
دراسة تاثير مستخلصات نباتي الاراك والحرمل في تبيط نمو الفطر Mauginiella scaettae Cav. مختبريا

المؤلفون: Ramiz Mahdi Salih رامز مهدي صالح
الصفحات: 32-40
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الخلاصة

A study was conducted at Plant Pathology Lab. ,Date Palm Research center , Univ. of Basrah to evaluate the activity of arak Salvadora sp. and harmal Peganum harmala plant extracts in their effect on the radial growth of M. scaettae which caused inflorencet rot of date palm . The results showed that water , alcoholic and hexane extracts of arak plant have no any antifungal activity against M. scaettae , the inhibition percentage of radial growth was (0.69, 0.86 and 0 )% respectively . The water and alcoholic plant extracts of harmal caused inhibition to the radial growth of the same fungus (24.07 and 24.3 %) respectively .


Article
EFFECT OF SPRAY WITH HIGHER PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZER ON ROOT AND LEAVES OF DATE PALM Phoenix dactylifera L. HILLAWI CULTIVAR
تاثير الرش بسماد عالي الفسفور على جذور واوراق فسائل نخيل التمر صنف الحلاوي

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in one of date palm orchard in the shutt Al-Arab Basrah province during season 2007 to study the effect of spray the date palm offshoots cv. Hillawi leaves with higher phosphorus fertilizer by different concentrations (10%, 20% and 30%) in roots and leaves growth. The results showed the treatment with 30% superiority significantly on other treatments in roots and leaves number which the roots number was (8 rootoffshoot) and leaves number was (6.33 leafoffshoot)while the least number of roots appear and control treatment with significant difference of 20% and 30% treatments and without significant difference of 10% treatment which the number of roots in control treatment was (2 rootoffshoot)also the least number of leaves appear in control treatment with significantly difference of all other treatments which the number of leaves in this treatment was (2 leafoffshoot)while the treatments 10% and 20% doesn't difference significantly between them.


Article
EVALUATE SUFFICIENCY OF SOME PLANTS OILS TO CONTROL ON WHITE SCALE INSECT PARLATORIA BLANCHARDI (COCCOCIDE : HOMOPTERA) ON DATE PALM( Phoenix dactylifera L.)
تقييم كفاءة بعض الزيوت النباتية في مكافحة الحشرة القشرية البيضاء على نخيل التمر

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الخلاصة

This study conducted to evaluate sufficiency of eight fixed oils plant to control on white scale insect Parlatoria blanchardi on date palm. The results showed excel the harmala oil Pegnanum harmala and castor oil Ricinus sp. was given high mortality percentage which 87.87% and 82.90% respectively. The mixed Experiment showed high efficacy mortality of harmala oil with Dizinon 60% insecticide, against white scale insect which was 97.23%, While Experiment filled results showed high mortality percentage between mixture the castor oil concentration 2% with Dizinon 60% concentration 0.25% to white scale insect which was 90.66%, While recorded high mortality percentage after seven days treatment which was 92.5%, while high mortality percentage was 97.6% by mixed the castor oil 2% concentration with Dizinon 60% concentration 0.25% after 7 days treatment. Phoenix


Article
Suscpetability of different cultivars of Date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. to casualty of inflorescence rot in Some Basrah regions.
حساسية اصناف مختلفة من نخيل التمر للاصابة بمرض خياس طلع النخيل في محافظة البصرة

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out to determine the susceptibility of different cultivars of date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. which were: Barhee, Hillawii, Breim, Sayer(as female cultivars) Gannami Akhader and khakri Adie(as male cultivars) to the infection with date palm inflorescence rot caused by the fungus Mauginiella scaettae Cav. in different locations in Basrah province which were Abu Al-Khasseb, Al-Deer, Qurna, and Shatt Al- Arab during the 2006-2007. Results of study revealed that the highest infection percentage was recorded in Gannami Akhader 12.50% with significant difference than other cultivars, while the lowest percentage 2.29% recorded in Barhee cultivar. Shatt Al-Arab location had the highest percentage of infection with inflorescence rot disease and reached 9.58%, while Abu Al-Khasseb location had the lowest percentage 7.07%, the percentage of infection with this disease increased significantly during cultivation season 2007 and reached 8.88% in contrast with 2006 season 7.08%. About the distance of water resource, results revealed the date palm trees cultivated close to water resource 50m was most susceptible to the infection 11.28%, than 150m 4.82%, for all tested cultivars and locations.


Article
Effect of some chemical fertilizers in different ratios and depths on the growth and chemical constitution of date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. offshoots, Sayer cultivar.
تاثير اضافة بعض الاسمدة الكيمياوية بنسب واعماق مختلفة على النمو والتركيب الكيميائي لاوراق فاسئل نخيل التمر صنف الساير

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in Hartha location Basrah province fellow general date palm board during 2006 season, to know the effect of addition of some chemical fertilizers there are urea that supply nitrogen element, super phosphate fertilizer that supply phosphor element and potassium sulphate that supply potassium element with two ratio (1:1:1) (2:1:1) (N:P:K) and two depth 5cm and 30 cm. The results showed that the fertilizers addition with two ratio (1:1:1) (2:1:1) (N:P:K) led to increase the number of new leaves formation also chlorophyll percentage while the results showed all treatments did not have different significantly in carbohydrate percentage while the fertilization with 30 cm depth and (2:1:1)(N:P:K) superior significantly in phenols percentage in leaves of offshoots of date palm sayer cultivar.

الكلمات الدلالية

fertilization --- date palm --- sayer --- تسميد،نخيل التمر،الساير

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: