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مجلة ذي قار الطبية

ISSN: 19929218
الجامعة: جامعة ذي قار
الكلية: الطب
اللغة: English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة ذي قار الطبية, تصدر من كلية الطب / جامعة ذي قار. تأسست في سنة 2002, تهتم بالابحاث العلمية والطبية

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معلومات الاتصال

Email: thi_unv_medi@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2008 المجلد: 2 العدد: 1

Article
Childhood Cancer(Leukaemias and Lymphoma) in Basrah- A case-control study
سرطان الطفولة ( ابيضاض الدم وسرطان الغدد اللمفاوية ) في البصرة - دراسة تحليلية

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This is a case-control study carried out in Basrah during 2006. It involved 120 cases of leukaemia and lymphoma among children aged less than 15 years. The cases were compared with 180 controls matched for age, sex and area of residence. The study aimed at exploring certain sociodemographic and environmental risk factors. The results showed significant association between these two cancers and each of probable exposure to radiation, pesticides and chemicals related to automobiles and other sources. No clear association could be elicited between the studied cancers and education, age and occupation of parents. The study came to the conclusion that leukaemia and lymphoma were important childhood cancers and continuing efforts to register cancer in Basrah is vital for effective planning and research. It is also recommended that this small scale study could be expanded in the near future to confirm or refute the present study findings.

الكلمات الدلالية

Cancer. Leukaemias .Lymphomas. Basrah


Article
Role of Interleuken-6 & Tumor necrosis factor – α in Rheumatoid arthritis Patients in Nassiriyah governorate

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الخلاصة

SUMMARY The present study has been done in Al-Nassiriyha, southern Iraq, from December 2006 to August 2007,designed to determine the role of Interleuken-6 and Tumor necrosis factor – α in a group of patients with rheumatoid arthritis for specific period of time and healthy controls, and to show the diagnostic value of IL-6 and TNF-α in relation to rheumatoid factor (RF) to discriminate between those patients with and without RA . Blood samples were taken from 121 patients with rheumatoid arthritis from AL-Hussein Teaching Hospital in AL-Nassiriyah and 120 healthy controls from medical personnel and school students who were healthy . All the information were taken from the patients and controls. An Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used for estimation IL-6, TNF-α and slide agglutination test for the estimation of RF. The seropositivity to IL-6 and TNF-α and RF in patients with rheumatoid arthritis was ( 60% , 56.1% and 57% respectively ) .The study revealed that specificity of TNF- alpha was higher than IL-6 and RF ( 96.6 % , 92.5 % and 81.6 respectively ) .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Hypnotic , Muscle Relaxant , Anticonvulsant and Endocrine Effects of Myristica fragrans
التأثير المنوم والمرخي للعضل والمضاد للصرع والتأثير الصماوي لجوز الطيب

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT:- Ethanolic extracts of M. fragrans induced dose dependent muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant and hypnotic effects in rats . Aqueous extracts were less potent. Both ethanolic and aqueous extract had no effects on LH, FSH, testosterone levels, sperm content of epididymal head and sexual desire of the treated male rats.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Unusual presentations of hydatid disease in Nassiria 1996-2003

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Background: Hydatid diseases still constitutes a serious public health problem in endemic areas in the Middle East and areas around the Mediterranean.The life cycle of this parasite exists between carnivores and herbivores, like dogs and sheep; man is an accidental intermediate host and an end-point in the parasite’s life cycle.The growth of the cyst is often insidious and becomes symptomatic only late in the course of the disease.Liver and lungs are the first and second most frequently involved organs respectively, but hydatid disease can occur in all viscera and soft tissues. Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to describe an unusual presentation of hydatid disease in this locality. Methodes: During 8 years period 1996-2003 we came across 27 unusual cases of hydatid diseases which were treated in 2nd surgical unit 5th floor al Nassiria general hospital, both elective and emergency admissions. Resultes: A total of 27 patients were admitted [8males,19 females]: The mean age was 23 years ranging from 6 years to48 years, three quarters of patients came from rural areas and commonest presenting complaint was mass. Preoperative diagnosis were positive in 45%. Liver&/or lung involved in only one fourth of the cases ,all patients undergoing surgery and also received post op treatment medical treatment. Discussion: Females are more often affected than males ,patients presented mainly in 3rd decade& the disease was more prevalent in rural population. Soft tissue hydatid is usually the only hydatid disease of the body &preoperative diagnosis were not settled in nearly 2/3rd of cases especially extra abdominal one ,majority of extra abdominal hydatid were unilocular while multilcular were common in intra abdominal one Conclusion: Hydatid disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all cystic masses in all anatomic locations of the study.

الكلمات الدلالية

Hydetid diease.unusual presentations


Article
Childhood Diabetes Mellitus In Thi-Qar City
داء السكري المنوط بالأنسولين لدى أطفال محافظة ذي قار

المؤلفون: Dr. MOAYYAD NAJI MAJEED د. مؤيد ناجي مجيد
الصفحات: 31-38
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This retrospective study was done on 179 of newly diagnosed children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus who were admitted over 5 years (Jan. 2003- Dec. 2007) to two main hospitals in Thi-qar city-Iraq . Majority of patients (79,3%) were between 5-12 years of age ,while the minority (20,6%) were less than 5 Years of age. The frequency of cases was correlated with increasing age . Male cases were 100 (55,8%) , females were 79 (44%) , male to female ratio was 1,2:1. Family history was positive in 81(45%) cases . Most of our patients 58% were from urban areas , while those from rural areas constitute 42%. Clinically 114(63,6%) patients presented with the classical symptoms of type 1 diabetes mellitus. At the onset 43 (24%) patients had ketoacidosis, five of whom were comatose. Most cases / 111(62%) presented in Winter and Autumn seasons, showed male predominance, shorter duration of symptoms and commoner presentation of ketoacidosis than in the other seasons. Thirty-two patients were had preceding history of viral illness or emotional stress during 2-4 weeks before presentation.

الكلمات الدلالية

Childhood diabetes Mellitus ، Thi-Qar.


Article
Patients' satisfaction for health care services at Thi-qar province,Iraq
رضا المريض عن الخدمات الطبية في محافظة ذي قار –العراق

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Background: Patient satisfaction is increasingly being recognized as central elements in the monitoring and evaluation of healthcare. Assessment of patient satisfaction offers a way of optimizing health status and prevents waste of medical resources. The direct measurement of patient satisfaction is a new phenomenon in Iraq. Objective: In this survey, the level of patient satisfaction and its correlates were investigated in attendees at five health care facilities in Thiqar province,Iraq. Method: A cross sectional study of clients attending five public health care facilities during the period from March 2, to June 20, 2007.An exit interview was conducted with 452 clients using a special questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic, and health care service items. Results: Of the participants,222(49.1%) were dissatisfied with the health care services offered by facilities.High dissatisfaction rate was associated with low education.,unemployement, male gender ,and being single. There was a high significant statistical association between the age of clients , education ,marital status ,and employment with satisfaction for the health care services .Satisfaction rate was high for vaccination and very low for gynecology and obstetric services. Conclusion: There is a low satisfaction rate for the health care services at Thi-qar province in comparison with countries in the region and in the world , which indicate a need for corrective intervention in some service areas and a further thorough large-scale studies to explore the nature and correlates of satisfaction.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Detection of Trichomonas Vaginals among women with contraceptive usage in AL-Najaf AL-ashraf city
أنتشار داء المشعرات في النساء المستخدمة موانع الحمل في النجف الأشرف

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This study included (85) women attending the gynecological obstetric department in AL-Maternity & children hospital where they were investigated for the presence of T. vaginalis a for period extended November 2006 to March 2007 .The results of the study showed that the rate of infestation of women with T. vaginalis was 67.1% &57.6% by Latex agglutination test ,Wet A total of (85) samples included three groups ,infestation rate in women with IUCD 47.4% ,Contraceptive pills 26.5% .followed by the women non contraceptives usage 30.6% There was significant relationship between Intrauterine contraceptive device(IUCD) usage and infection rate .When the accuracy of latex agglutination test was compared with wet preparation method ,there was important significant difference in ( P<0.05) .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Co-incidental urolithiasis in patients with gall stones
دراسة العلاقة بين حصى المسالك البولية و حصى القناة الصفراوية

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Background Gall stones and renal stones are one of the common pathologies recorded all over the world , there are many types for both renal and gall stones as well as different etiology and causing different signs and symptoms . Objective. The study planned to determine if there is significant statistical association between the coexistence of renal stones with gall stones . Patients and Methods 140 patients presented with gall stones from the period of January 2007 until march 2008 in out patient clinic, 117(83.5%) patients where females and 23(16.5%) where males, all the patients examined by ultrasound for both renal and gall stones and some patients with renal stones examined by KUB x-ray and/or IVU, records of all patients reviewed for age, gender, gross appearance of both types of stones post operatively (for those who were operated) and for those patients passing renal stones per urethra and correlated with the type of gall stone that seen post operatively, the patients underwent different modalities of treatments, by surgery (open or laparo- scopic cholecystectomy ),(nephrolithotomy),or conservative for both types of stones. Results. Regarding the gall stones, surgical treatment done for 118 patients, 100 of them by laparoscopic cholecystectomy and open cholecystectomy for 18 patients, while 22 patients treated conservatively, and regarding the renal stones 12 patients of them operated during the course of study, and 20 patients of them passing their stones per urethra, and all these stones seen grossly, the other patients treated conservatively, the study shows positive presence of renal stones in 95 (67.9%) patients of total number, the coincidence was noticed to increase with age (p value >0.05) and with pigmented gall stones and female sex (p value <0.05 for both). Conclusion There is significant positive coincidental presence of renal stones in patients with gall stones in this study. Aim of Study This study planned to determine the statistical relation ship between coincidental presence of renal stone(s) and gall stone(s) after observing a remarkable incidental occurrence of both of them, a step that hinders the search for their etiological factors.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Prevalence of parasitic infestation among primary school children in Thi-Qar governorate
دراسة مستوى انتشار الطفيليات المعوية لدى اطفال المدارس الابتدائية في محافظة ذي قار2005

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT : Prevalence of intestinal parasites was determined for 252 children(primary schools for boys and girls ) in Alemarat and Al zaitoon areas in nassirryia city. The age of children ranged from 6-11 years 180 females (71.5%) and 72 males (28.5%) . For stool sample inspection and direct smear microscopy the general prevalence of intestinal parasite was 46.4%.different types of intestinal parasites were detected during this survey .Giardial Lamblia seemed to be the most common parasite (21.2 %) whereas Entameba Histolytica (14%),Enterobious vermicularis (11%)& Hymenolespis nana (0.7%)

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Inhibitory effect of some plant extracts on growth of some bacteria and fungi pathogens
التأثير التثبيطي لبعض المستخلصات النباتية على نمو بعض البكتريا والفطريات المرضية

المؤلفون: Hiader Radhi Malih حيدر راضي مالح
الصفحات: 69-77
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT: The antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extracts of Pomegranates (Punica granatium L.) pricarps and Celery (Apium graveolens L.), Sweet Clover ( Melilotus officinalis L.),Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L.), Fenugreek Seed (Trigonella feonum-graecum L.) leaves and Carrot ( Daucus carota L.) seeds against some pathogenic fungi , Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria were studied. Also, photochemical compound of extracts were determined, results of the chemical tests explain the M. sativ and P. granatium extracts contain flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, saponins and glycosides compounds, while the other plants were varied in the kinds of these compounds. Ethanolic extracts show significant differences between most plants extracts, possibly due to deferent in the antimicrobial substance contain. All bacteria which were tested have shown susceptible to the P. granatium and D. carota ethanolic extracts. Proteus vulgaris , Klebsiella aerogenes and Streptococcus aureus the most susceptible bacteria to the D. carota and P. granatium extracts successively, whereas A. graveolens and T. feonum-graecum did not have antibacterial activity against most bacteria. The antifungal activity of the ethanolic extracts of deferent plants show significant differences against pathogens test fungi, D. carota seed and P. granatium pericarps extracts report the most inhibited percentage than with the M.officinalis extract, also, a different level in susceptible of Geotrichum candidum and Trichophton montagrophytes fungi have shown with all extracts which had use.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Quantitative determination of free fatty acid in bile and gallstones from Basra cholelithiasis by Gas Chromatography
تحديد نسبة الأحماض الدهنية الحرة في الصفراء و حصى المرارة لمرضى أستئصال المرارة من البضرة بطريقة كروموتوغرافيا الغاز

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT A simple method for the gas chromatographic quantitation of fatty acids in the bile and gallstone is described where fatty acids are subjected to methylation derivative. 37 patients from cholelithiasis, admitted at Basra general hospital, they were 17 patients with gallbladder cholesterol stones, 14 patients with interahcpatic bile duct pigment stones whereas 6 patients with extrahepatic bile duct cholesterol stones .Gallbladder bile was collected from 37cholelithiasis patients. In our study, analyzed them quantity fatty acids in different stones. The total free fatty acids and fatty acid contents of bile and cholesterol stones samples in the intrahepatic cholesterol were markedly higher than individuals in samples from bile and pigment stones(p≤ 0.05).The ratio of free saturated to free unsaturated fatty acids were highest in the gallstones, bile for intrahepatic cholesterol (p≤ 0.05).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Complicated Pediculosis in Occurrence of Bacterial Skin Infection

المؤلفون: Dr. Ali M.Affat --- Dr. Mahdi M.Thweni --- Dr. Dhafir A.Farhan
الصفحات: 86-89
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT: Total of (66) patient infested by external parasite or mites (pediculus captis ware studied for occurrence of bacterial skin infection) females ware more infection than males ,females ware (54) cases, while male are (12) of total infection Swabs cultured from these cases on blood agar , mannitol salt agar ,confirmed by biochemical test, show, that Staphylococcus aureus (81.18%), Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4.54%) , also mixed infection Staph. aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (9.09%).Drug sensitivity test revealed that all isolates sensitive to dicloxacillin , rifambine , ciprofolxacillin ,(cephalexin and gentamicin) , while acombination two antibiotics with the same time are appeared highly sensitive and effective against this infection , also Pseudomonas aeruginosa sensitive to aminoglycosides, polymyxin and pencillin.

الكلمات الدلالية

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