جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2008 المجلد: 6 العدد: 3

Article
Effect of Transformational Leadership and Information Technology in Operations Performance
اثر القيادة التحويلية وتقانة المعلومات في أداء العمليات بحث ميداني في الشركة العامة للصناعات النسيجية في بابل

المؤلفون: أكرم الياسري
الصفحات: 1-15
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الخلاصة

The success of Organizations and its Survival is achieved through the use of human and physical resources in efficient and effective method. The research deal with a study two resources which are transformational leadership and information technology, and measure their effect in operations performance through five indicators (Cost, Quality, Flexibility, Delivery, and Innovation).To reach research objectives a simulate diagram has built to determine nature of relation and effect between the research variables which emerge two main hypothesis from each five hypothesis branched.A questionnaire was used as a method to collect information from employees in the investigated company by using stratified random sampling which consist of 200 person.The research was concluded with some finding and recommendation which can contribute in improving operations performance through focusing on the transformational leadership concept and adopt information technology in the production and managerial operations in the investigated company

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study Mechanisms and Kinetics of removal Cadmium Ions from Aqueous soultions on Bentonite surface
دراسة ميكانيكية وحركية ازالة ايونات الكادميوم الثنائي من محاليلها المائية على سطح البنتونايت

المؤلفون: Eman. T. Kareem --- Muneer. A. AL-Da'amy --- Mohammad. J. Hassan --- Sumea. M. Husen
الصفحات: 1-8
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الخلاصة

In this paper a study was carried out to estimate the ability of Bentonite clay as a new adsorbent surface for removal and adsorption of Cadmium ion from aqueous solutions . The effect of contact time was evaluted and found that the removal process of Cadmium Ion by Bentoniite surafce was reached complete equilibrium at 60 min .The maximum removal or adsorption of Cadmium ion by Bentonite adsorbent were found 87.2% at 40 min . The kinetic results were well fitted to lagergren pseudo – second order models . This behavior was discussed depending on the chemical structure of Cadmium ion and Bentonite surface area. The intraparticle difusion model was also used to studied the kinetics and mechanisms of Cadmium Ion removal . Results model plays a significant role in the adsorption mechanism

الكلمات الدلالية

adsorption --- Cadmium ion removal


Article
Solid-liquid Extraction of phosphate ion using krypto fix 2.2.1 B polymer

المؤلفون: منير عبدالعالي عباس الدعمي
الصفحات: 1-7
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الخلاصة

This paper describe the high selectivity of krypto fix 2.2.1 B polymer to extracted phosphate ion from acid ,base and neutral solutions .And study the effect of time ,PH solution and ethanol-water ratio on the selectivity of an extraction of phosphate ion .From acid solution phosphate ion will be extracted by krypto fix 2.2.1 B polymer (PC 2.2.1 ) resin as association complex (H3O+)3LPO4-3 ,with mole ratio 1:1 .The highest molar distribution coefficient and percent of extraction reached to 97% were obtaind at 2.00 M sulfuric acid solution .From neutral solution phosphate ion will be extracted by PC 2.2.1 resin as association complex (M+)3LPO4-3 , with mole ratio 1:1 .The highest molar distribution coefficient and percent of extraction reached to 86% were obtaind at 0.01 M sodium chloride solution .From base solution phosphate ion extracted by PC 2.2.1 resin as association complex (M+)3LPO4-3, with mole ratio 1:1 .The highest molar distribution coefficient and percent of extraction reached to 84% were obtaind at 0.01 M sodium hydroxide solution .The sorption rate of phosphate ion by PC 2.2.1 resin was studied as a function of shaking time ,results obtained revealed that the extraction processes was reached to equilibrium at 20 Min .The effect of ethanol concentration of the aqueous phase for the extraction of phosphate ion by PC 2.2.1 resin has been evaluated .It was found to be that 20% V/V ethanol concentration was the better for its extraction .The thermodynamic factors of extraction were evaluated that the extraction process was endothermic and the process was speontenous .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study the effect of Thymus vulgaris L.(Labiatae) and Myristica fragrans Hout(Myristicaceae) extract on the growth some isolated Skin pathogenic microorganism
دراسة تأثير مستخلصات نباتي الزعتر Thymus vulgaris L. (Labiatae) وجوز الطيب Myristica fragrans Hout (Myristicaceae) على بعض الأحياء المجهرية الجلدية الممرضة

المؤلفون: بلقيس هادي هاشم الموسوي
الصفحات: 8-13
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الخلاصة

The study showed that the two methods were used for extraction Thymus vulgaris L. leaves and Myristica fragrans Hout seeds aqueous and alcoholic extracts. Biochemical detection showed the contains of tannins, glycosides and oils that the Thymus leaves, with no alkaloids. Whereas, Myristica seeds extract contains essential oils and glycosides,with no alkaloids and tannins. As regards biological test, Both extract, have higher activity on the growth of dermatophytic fungi: Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogens in both concentration (5 ,10) mg/ml Also revealed the results that alcoholic extract for Thymus and Myristica were more effective than aqueous extract in inhibition effects on the bacteria

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Traffic Conflict Technique to Predict Countermeasure Effectiveness at 3-legs Signalized Intersections
تقنية التعارضات المرورية للتنبؤ بكفاءة المعالجات المضادة على التقاطعات الثلاثية المسيطر عليها بإشارات ضوئية

المؤلفون: Hussein A. Ewadh
الصفحات: 9-15
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الخلاصة

Traffic accident reduction is a measure to evaluate the effectiveness of any proposed countermeasure. A draw back of estimating this reduction is that, traffic accidents involve; rare occurrence, under-reporting, unreliability, and difficult observation. This paper aims at estimating the effectiveness of countermeasures using traffic conflict technique (T.C.T) as alternative. This paper involves a study of the traffic operations and safety analysis for a sample of three legs signalized intersections in Baghdad City. Traffic and conflict data are collected through observation of the selected sites. Regression analyses are performed to relate hourly traffic conflict and average stopped delay. Some countermeasures of traffic control and geometric design are adopted. Analysis of traffic operation before and after countermeasure is implemented using HCS software. A developed statistical model indicates that 92.5 % of variation in hourly traffic conflict can be predicted significantly by average stopped delay. A countermeasure can be evaluated due to before and after average stopped delay based on HCS output and accordingly the involved conflicts based on the developed statistical model. The results show that, more than 35 % of potential conflicts can be reduced due to countermeasures and the highest reduction (62.6 %) is introduced due to increase of lane width. This paper maximizes the usefulness of T.C.T as a tool to predict the effectiveness of any proposed countermeasure before its implementation.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أهمية احتساب نقاط الدعم والمقاومة لتحديد إشارات الاستثمار في الأوراق المالية بالتطبيق في سوق المال السعودي

المؤلفون: الياس خضير الحمدوني
الصفحات: 14-26
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الجغرافية السياسية والعولمة - دراسة تحليلية في الجغرافية السياسية

المؤلفون: علية حسين الساعدي
الصفحات: 16-23
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الخلاصة

Globalization is the ideology which represents the regions of the world and it's Americanization ;moreover, it was known by many researchers for being a historical approach towards the shrinkage of the world and its transition to a small universal village ,a miniature in which the political borders ,which symbolize the dominion of state and the political, administrative and residential structure, are reduced.Besides, the concept of citizenship has become fragile in the time of the progress of the means of modern communication and its advanced technicality ;accordingly ,this created a real challenge in verifying the concept of membership to the state.The role of globalization was evident through its direct contribution in creating and causing many environmental, natural and humane catastrophes in which man was the direct and main causer, the most noticeable were those of the exhaustion of natural resources ,especially petroleum and the problems of desertification and its exaggerated rates in addition to the increase of urban movement. As for the concept of regionalism, it is considered to be a reaction to globalization ; for the countries that don’t own the decision and base for the political behavior usually resorted to concluding regional contracts to attain political independence on the regional and international level. Not to mention that the focus of regionalism was for a very long time on the economic aspects presented in trade and political trade and which turned later on to capitalism ;thereby, the role of trade was enhanced to reach a universal level. Wealth and poverty, in its various degrees exists in both the third world and the capitalistic countries , only the gap between the two opposing camps which reached an extreme limit altogether with the emergence of individuals who gain wealth in a rapid unusual way, never know to mankind before are the fundamental characteristics of the new phenomena what so called globalization.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Studying of immunoglobulins ,C3 , C4 and IL- 8 concentrations in serum smokers and nonsmokers
دراسة تركيز الكلوبيولينات المناعية ومكونات المتمم C3 و C4 و IL-8 في امصال المدخنين و غير المدخنين

المؤلفون: Frial Gemeel Abd
الصفحات: 16-19
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الخلاصة

The present study was included fifty healthy person (smokers and nonsmokers ).Sera were collected from them .IgA ,IgM ,IgG , complement 3 (C3),and complement4 (C4) concentrations were studied by using single radial immune diffusion .The results showed that IgA and IgG were decreased in smokers in comparison with non smoker while IgM ,C3 and C4 were increased in smokers . Interleukin IL-8 concentration was measured by using ELISA and found that Its concentration was increased in smokers .We found that cigarette smoking has affect on immunity in different forms .Some parameters were increased and other decreased in the same social individuals .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Implementation Modified Counters using Fredkin & Feynman Logic Gates

المؤلفون: Hawrra H.Abbas Al-Rubiae
الصفحات: 20-28
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الخلاصة

In recent years, reversible logic has emerged as a promising computing paradigm having application in low power CMOS, quantum computing, nanotechnology, and optical computing. The classical set of gates such as AND, OR, and EXOR are not reversible In this paper, different type of counters designed using reversible Fredkin and Feynman gates(tested using electronic workbench v5.12)It is demonstrated that the counter architectures designed using the proposed gate are much better and optimized, compared to their existing counterparts in literature; in terms of number of reversible gates and garbage outputs. Thus, this paper provides the initial threshold to building of more complex system which can execute more complicated operations using reversible logic.

الكلمات الدلالية

Reversible Logic --- counters --- logic circuits


Article
اثر تدفقات الاستثمار الأجنبي المباشر (FDI ) في نشاط الأسواق المالية الأردن حالة دراسية

المؤلفون: سحر عباس حسين
الصفحات: 24-35
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الخلاصة

Investment (FDI) Flows in The Financial Market Activities . To Measure The Influence Between Them , The Study Depends on The Data of Jordanian Financial Market & The Flows of The Foreign Direct Investment Internal To Jordan .It has Been Concluded That There is a Connecting & Effecting Relationship Between (FDI) & Financial Market . Some Recommendations are Given at The End Which Cope With These Conclusions.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of watering with different water salinity and Nerium leaf powder on emergence and early growth of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
تأثير السقي بمياه مختلفة الملوحة ومسحوق أوراق الدفلة في البزوغ والنمو المبكر للحنطة (Triticum aestivum L.)

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted at a space of Biology Dept.,Education College, Kufa University, from the period of 28/12/2005 to 18/2/2006 to study the effect of watering with deferent water salinity (River water ; Mixed water , i.e. river water and drainage water at concentrations of Nerium dry leaf powder ( 0.0 ; 2.5 ; 5.0 ; 7.5 and 10.0 g/kg. soil) on emergence percentage and early growth of Wheat .The experiment included sowing Wheat seeds “ cv. Ipa 95 “ on pots with 24 cm. diameter and 12 cm. depth that filled with 3 kg. of Silty-Clay soil . Emergence percentage was measured after 10 days of sowing , and at 50 days from sowing growth parameters (plant height , leaf number , root length and its branches and plant dry weight) were measured . Completely Randomized Design (CRD) was used as factorial experiment with three replicates , Duncan’s Multiple Rang Test (DMRT) was also used to compare means at probably of 5%.Results showed that , watering with river water resulted in a significant increase in the measured growth parameters compared to mixed or deranged water . Nerium dry leaf powder of 2.5 g mixed with 1 kg . of soil had a significant effect on the measured growth parameters .On the other hand , the best values for the measured growth parameters , were obtained from the interaction between plants that watered with river water and the addition of Nerium dry leaf powder of 2.5 g/kg soil which produced 88.0% , 13.6 cm. , 7.0 leaf , 15.1 cm , 6.37 root and 987.3 mg/plant for emergence percentage , plant height , leaf numder , root length , root branch and plant dry weight , respectively , compared to 36.0 % , 7.8 cm. , 3.9 leaf , 5.17 cm. , 4.07 root branches and 372.0 mg/plant . Also , the use of mixed water with 2.5 g/kg soil of Nerium dry leaf powder on seedling emergence which was 86.0% .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
On Artin Cokernel of Dihedral Group Dn When n is an even Number
حول النواة المشارك - آرتن لزمرة ثنائي السطوح Dn عندما n عدد زوجي

المؤلفون: Hussein Hadi Abbas
الصفحات: 29-40
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we find the general form of Artin characters table Ar(Dn), when n is an even number and the cyclic decomposition of Artin Cokernel AC(Dn) , when n is an even number such that ; , are distinct primes for all i =1 ,2 ,3,….,m , 2 , then AC(Dn)= C2

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تحضير وتشخيص معقدات ايونات عناصر انتقالية:Co(II), Rh(III), Ni(II), Hg(II), Pt(IV), Cu(II), Pd(II), وZr(IV) باستخدام الكاشف حامض أيرون ثلاثي الكاربوكسيل (ATA)

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الخلاصة

The complexes of [Co(II), Rh(III), Ni(II), Pd(II), Cu(II), Pt(IV), Hg(II) and Zr(IV)] ions with aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) of the general formula M3L or M2L. The prepared complexes were characterized by spectrophotometeric methods [Uv-Visible and FT-IR] as well as the molar conductivity and magnetic measurement. These measurement suggested the geometry around the metal ion, the solid state of these complexes an octahedral or square planer or square pyramidal geometric.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Miraculous Nature of Koran Parable – "Yasin Chapter " as a Model.
الإعجاز البلاغي للمثل القرآني ((سورة يس أنموذجاً ))

المؤلفون: مشكور كاظم العوّادي
الصفحات: 36-49
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الخلاصة

The Koran parable depends on the old aphorism not with regard to timed requirement but as a reminder and teaching lessons, because showing it clearly is something having a significance in presenting its parable as a preliminary; then going into its substantial, then making use of its parable phase, which keeps being miraculous covering all its phenomenon and secrets and cases.And as parable, in its substantial structure, contains a kind of presentation having sermon and educational remark, and the ideological aspect, then it becomes very necessary to have a presentation as in "Yasin Chapter" which suits the concept of field of the village. This concept represents a variety of correlated of events throughout time and place in a Koranic frame. As a result parable becomes a miraculous never-ending unseen 'flow' of other identical events… Koran has already determined that they were unbelievers who had followed the example of their ancestors….

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis 2-AlkylCyclohexanones by Free- Radical Addition of Cyclohexanone to Olefines

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الخلاصة

Free -radical addition of cyclohexanone to several alkenes studied in the presence of ammonium persulfate as initiator (In.) and as a result synthesized 2-alkylcyclohexanones that can be used as a source component of synthetic aromatic substances and use them as starting materials to produce various organic compounds.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of age and parity as adjustment factors on estimation of variance components for some fertility traits in Holstein by using REML , ML , MIVQUE and TYPE1
تأثير العمر وتسلسل الولادة كعاملي تعديل في تقدير مكونات التباين لبعض صفات الخصوبة للهولشتاين بأستعمال REML ، ML ، MIVQUE ، TYPE1

المؤلفون: فراس رشاد السامرائي
الصفحات: 44-49
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الخلاصة

A total of 13817 records of calving interval and 13698 records of days open belonged to 4033 Holstein cows maintained at Nasr Dairy Cattle Station over period from 1990 to 2003 were analysed . The aim of the research is to make a comparsion between age and parity as adjusted factors for fertility ( calving interval and days open )and to study the effect of them on estimation of heritability for the fertility. General Linear Model (GLM) within the SAS program 2001 was used for comparison between the effect of age and parity on fertility after adjusting for each of them in addition to other fixed effects ( season , year of birth and sex of calf ) . Component of variance for the random effects in the employed mixed model were estimated by fourth methods REML , ML , MIVQUE , TYPE1 .The effect of age was high significant ( P < 0.01 ) on fertility whereas the effect of parity was significant ( P < 0.05 ) . All heritabilities estimated for fertility after adjusting for age using REML,ML.MIVQUE and TYPE1 were low ,being 0.064 , 0.058, 0.029 and 0.057 for calving interval and being 0.085 , 0.078 , 0.032 and 0.067 for days open , whereas the corresponding estimates of heritability of calving interval after adjusting for parity being 0.078 , 0.071 , 0.033 and 0.075 , and the estimates of heritability for days open were 0.102 , 0.095 , 0.037 and 0.083 respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Cationic Selectivity in Soils from Najaf and Dywinya provinces
تفضيل ألايونات الموجبة في ترب من النجف والديوانية

المؤلفون: موفق سالم بربوش
الصفحات: 50-56
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out on two soils (Najaf, dywinya) provinces to assess soil selectivity for monovalent cation (Na) than divalent cation (Ca+Mg) by determining of (kg) Gapon cofficient result from Gapon equationSoils treated by three electrolyte solutions with concentration (25, 75, 125) mmole.c.L-1 as (Na : Ca+Mg) system. Their included mixture of (NaCl : CaCl2+MgCl2) salts with these proportions of (Na: Ca+Mg) were (0:5, 1:4, 2:3, 3:2, 4:1, 5:0) respectively. the difference selectivity of these soil related with decrease clay mineral ratio which tend to absorpe (Ca+Mg) than (Na) in D location. while increase salinity degree (ECe) in N location . KG coefficients reached on (0.016, 0.019) mmole.c.L-0.5 respectively. withal the values of correlation factor was revealing no effect on the linear relation ESR,SAR their were (r = 0.98,r = 0.96, r = 0.98, r = 0.88, r = 0.93, r = 0.85) at mentioned concentrations of locations D, N, respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
مدى ملائمة نظام المسؤولية التتابعية للتطبيق على جرائم الصحافة المرتكبة من خلال شبكة الانترنيت

المؤلفون: ضياء عبد الله --- عادل كاظم
الصفحات: 50-58
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of some plant extracts and sodium azide on wheat crop protection from the infection by Rhizoctonia solani
تأثير بعض المستخلصات النباتية وأزايد الصوديوم في حماية محصول الحنطة من الإصابة بالفطر Rhizoctonia solani

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out to investigate the effect of water extracts of Cuminum cyminum L. , Hibiscus sabdariffa L., Datura metel Linn and Datura innoxia Mill on radial growth of R. solani with protection of seed wheat from infection and effect of sodium azide on emergence and seedling growth of wheat during winter season 2007-2008.The results showed that water extracts of Hibiscus Sabdariffa L. at concentration 25% was the most effective in inhibiting of the radial growth 100% of the R.solani .The highest percentage of emergence were from soil polluted with R.solani and seeds soaked in D. innoxia Mill extract and irrigated with Cuminum cyminum L. and each of two extract (50 and 75 %) and which were yield 100 % percentage of seed emergence .While Hibiscus sahdariffa L. water extract 20% in inoculated soil was the highest in percentage of seed emergence and wet wight of seedling (100% and 0.17 gm)respectively . soaked of seed in sodium azide 3mM and planted in soil inoculated by R.solans were the high parentage of seed emergence (85.80) % the period of socked seed (24) hours with concentration of sodium azide in soil inoculated by R.solani and concentration of sodium azide 1.5mM with period (24) hours in sterilized soil were the high in wet Wight (0.18) gm and this don't different significantly about socked in sodium azide 1.5 mM with (24)hours and planting in soil inoculated which gave (0.17)gm.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
اثر استعمال التدريس المصغر فــي اكتساب طلبة كلية التربية الأساسية قسم التاريخ بعض مهارات التمهيد للدرس

المؤلفون: حيدر خزعل نزال
الصفحات: 59-68
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of the digestive enzyme roxazyme added to local sunflower meal on the productive performance of broiler male parents (Fabrow)
تأثير إضافة الأنزيم الهاضم (Roxazyme) لكسبة زهرة الشمس المحلية المستخدمة في علائق ذكور أمهات فروج اللحم ( الفاوبرو ) على أدائها الإنتاجي

المؤلفون: سامي موسى جعفر --- أحمد نوري حسين
الصفحات: 69-72
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الخلاصة

The digestive enzyme roxazyme was added to local sunflower meal in order to improve the meal nutritive value for the broiler male parents (Fabrow) and enhance their productive performance. Five hundred male chicks were tested. They were randomly distributed on five nutritional treatments; each treatment was consisting of four replication (25 chicks / replication). All the chicks were fed, from one day to eight – week – ages, on two types of feed: a control feed devoiding of sunflower meal and feed containing a constant percentage (18%) of sunflower meal. The latter was divided into four subdivisions based on the amounts of the enzyme added to the sunflower meal. These four amounts were 0, 100, 150, and 200 grams of enzyme ton of feed. The statistical analysis (P<0.01) showed that the control treatment had significantly surpassed all other treatments concerning all productive performance characters including body weight, gain weight, feed consumption, and feed conversion coefficients. However, the addition for the digestive enzyme to the sunflower meal did improve the above mentioned characters ( depending upon the amount added ) compared with the meal devoiding of the enzyme although all these treatment dropped significantly behind the control treatment.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
من أثر الدلالة النحوية في وجوه من النقد العربي القديم

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A Modified Method for Calculating Reliability Allocation in Series – Parallel Systems

المؤلفون: Zahir Abdul Haddi Hassan
الصفحات: 72-74
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الخلاصة

In order to improve system reliability, designers may introduce a system of different technologies in parallel. When each technology is composed of components in series, the architecture belongs to the series-parallel systems. This type of system has not been studied as much as the parallel-series ones. There exists no method dedicated to the reliability allocation in series-parallel systems with different technologies. We propose in this paper a study of this reliability allocation problem.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Prelimenry study about the insecticides efficiency in controlling Autumn generation of Date Palm Dubas bug Ommatissus binotatus De Bergevin (Homoptera: Trobiduchidae)
دراسة اولية عن فعالية مبيدات جديدة في مكافحة الجيل الخريفي لحشرة دوباس النخيل Ommatissus binotatus lybicus. De Bergevin (Homoptera: Trobiduchidae)

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الخلاصة

This study was carried in Date Palm orchard at Snieja / Diyala,80 KM North- East of Baghdad. Using new insecticides{Phosalone[Zolone300ULV],Deltamethrin[Decis12.5 ULV], pyridaphenthion [Ofunack25ULV], phenthoat [Phenthold 92ulv] and Etofenprox [Trebon 7.5ULV]}. USING Agricultural helicopter,type Mi-2in spraying by Micronair AU 5000 atomizerwith average 2L/Ha. the treatments distributed according to Randomized Complete Design [CRD] in addition to control treatment [water only], treatment area [12Ha]. infestation severity has been calculated one day before application and 1,3,5,7 & 10 day after spraying by taking samples from Date Palm leaflets or 150 leaflet / treatment. Killing percentage has been calculated according to Henderson - Telton equation. Result showed that all insecticides had high efficiency but Etofenprox was the best, the killing percentage was 94.72 & 91.76 in the 1st & 2nd year respectively. The application of spraying in autumn followed by spring generation caused high mortality, the average number of population density was reached to 1.03 insect / leaflet compared with 6.42 insect / leaflet in spring generation only.


Article
GENTIC ALGORITHM FOR HARMONICS ELIMINATION

المؤلفون: Riyadh M. Naife
الصفحات: 75-85
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الخلاصة

One of the most important problems of power inverter is finding the desired harmonic frequency for representing the transmitted signal with low power consuming, so, to eliminate specific order harmonics, the switching angles must be calculated. There are many methods or techniques used to find optimum switching angles. In this research a new method is used which is a genetic algorithm (GA). GA used to find optimum switching angles which give a certain amplitude waveform with minimum harmonics frequency.

الكلمات الدلالية

Harmonic elimination --- GA --- PWM --- THD --- Optimization Methods


Article
النقود في الفترة (447-656هـ/1055-1258م)

المؤلفون: بشار عبد الجبار شبيب
الصفحات: 76-89
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الخلاصة

This paper disscuses saljucians role in changing islamic arap state , also it disscuses coins in this stage which is the most important of Abasia state . clearly ,they effect on identify islam power ,culture prosperty mean while khlafate suffering from weakniss therfore we donot want to give discription how or where coins was made, why it was inarapic,what was the reasons. the paper included introduction and three parts then the conclusion.at first we disscused the origon of saljucians and the relationship between khalifats and saljucians rulers.the first part disscuses the saljucians names , the second disscuses coins which divided into two stages the monitary prosperty and monitary affliation.the third parttitele was the monitary independent and abassia khalifate policy.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study in level of the immunoglobulins IgG, IgM and lymphocytes transformation level by using PHA, ConA in the patients of chronic lymphocytes Leukemia
دراسة في مستوى الكلوبيولينات المناعية IgG و IgM ومستوى التحول اللمفي باستخدام المشطرات PHA و ConA لمرضى ابيضاض الدم اللمفاوي المزمن CLL

المؤلفون: عماد هادي حميد
الصفحات: 79-86
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الخلاصة

This study included measured specific humoral immune response in the patients of chronic lymphocytes Leukemia by Study in level of the immunoglobulins IgG before treatment stage , during treatment stage and the control groupe .it was found significant decrease in the immunoglobulins levels comparision with control groups . Study of the immunoglobulins IgM level found significant decrease before treatment stage , during treatment stage comparision with control groups. this study included measured level of cellular immune response and lymphocytes transformation before treatment stage , during treatment stage and the control groupe by using Phytohaemagglutinin in three concentrations PHA=(100,150,250) and Concanavalin A The analysis appeared significant decrease in the cellular immune response comparision with control groups.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A Hybrid Compression Algorithm by Using Shannon-Fano Coding and Oring Bits

المؤلفون: بيادر عباس الحميري
الصفحات: 86-90
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الخلاصة

Text compression plays an important role and it is an essential object to decrease storage size and increase the speed of data transmission through commmunication channels. This reseach aims to combine two compression methods in one data compression system. The first algorithm is Shannon-fano coding that is a stastical compression method for creating the code lengths of a integer-length prefix code, the second method is Oring Bits that deals with data streams of 0 and 1.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Epidemiological study of hydatid disease in patients underwent Surgical treatment in Al – Hussain – General Hospital / Karbala
دراسة وبائية للإصابات بداء الأكياس العذرية ( المائية ) والمعالجة جراحيا في المستشفى الحسيني العام / كربلاء

المؤلفون: علي كريم الغراوي
الصفحات: 87-93
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الخلاصة

Hydatide disease or hydatidosis is a zoonotic infection of humans , which is widely spreed in world . The disease recorded to be importans public health and epidemic problem that play a serious role on human and animal health . The present study was conducted to determine the incidence of this infection in Karbala governent during the period 2004-2007 . 157 patients who underwent hydatid cyst surgeries in Al – Hussain hospital were enrolled in this study . Demographic information included ( age , sex , occupation , residence ,and anatomical site of infection ) . The results showed that 68.78 % of cases were female while 31.21 % were male . Liver was the most commonly infected organ with prevalance of 68.15 % .The percentage of urban residents 72.38 % in compare with 27.38 % for rural residents . According to occupation , howsewives , were the hieghst prevalance 52.68 % .


Article
محددات التجارة الالكترونية في الدول العربية

المؤلفون: عادل عيسى الوزني --- جنان مهدي شهيد
الصفحات: 90-102
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Development of a Computer Program for Rigid Pavement Slab Thickness Design
تطوير برنامج حاسوبي لتصميم سمك البلاطة الخرسانية المستخدمة في إنشاء التبليط الجاسئ

المؤلفون: Mohammed Abbas Hasan Al-Jumaily --- Firas Hasan Alwan Asad
الصفحات: 91-105
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الخلاصة

This paper focused on building a VBasic computer program for Concrete Pavement thickness Design coded as (CONPVD-93). This thickness design utility solves the 1993 AASHTO Guide basic design equation for rigid pavements. It also supplies some basic information on variable descriptions, typical values and equation precautions. CONPVD present both a direct and detailed thickness design process .In detailed mode the step- by- step calculations can be seen in CONPVD desing process.Three options for calculating the predicted ESAL applications namely direct,axle load equivalency facter ALEF-based ,and truck factor TF- based calculations, were presented.To account the composite K- modulus for the presence of rigid footing, a new model has been developed in this study. Seasonal effect was adopted in computing the effective modulus of subgrade reactions. The effect of different values for proposed slab thickness on the final results has been thoroughly studied also. CONPVD has proven very useful as an effective educational tool as well as a powerful design tool.


Article
Effect of some anti microorganisms in controlling tomato seed rot and seedling damping – off diseases caused by the fungi Rhizoctonia solani (Kühn) , Pythium aphanidermatum (Fitz) Edson , and Fusarium solani ( Marti )
تأثير بعض الأحياء المجهرية المضادة في مقاومة أمراض تعفن بذور و موت بادرات الطماطة المتسببة عن الفطريات Rhizoctonia solani (Kühn) و Pythium aphanidermatum (Fitz) Edson وFusarium solani ( Marti )

المؤلفون: عقيل نزال الكعبي
الصفحات: 94-104
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الخلاصة

The study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of the fungi Tricoderma harzianum and Chaetomium elatum and the bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescence for controlling tomato seed decay and seedling damping – off diseases caused by the pathogenic fungi Rhizoctonia solani , Pythium aphanidermatum , and Fusarium solani .The results showed that the antagonistic fungi and bacterium and their infiltration had remarkable effect for reducing the diameters of radial growth of the pathogenic fungi . The bacterium P. fluorescence was the most significantly effective agent in this regard on the growth diameter reached 2.87 , 2.34 and 2.21 cm of R. solani P. aphanidermatum , and F. solani , respectively compared with 9.00 , 8.87 , 7.23 cm in the control treatment . The results also showed that the antagonistic fungi had no effect on the seed germination percentage inside the Petri-dish . There was no significant difference between the number of germinated seeds in both the antagonistic fungi and bacterium treatment with control treatment . On the other hand , the pathogenic fungi caused a remarkable reduction in seed germination rates to reach 3.11, 8.23 and 8.87 seeds in the above mentioned treatments , respectively . Moreover , antagonistic fungi played an important role in protecting seeds against fungal infection . All the integrated treatments had significant effect for increasing seed germination percentage and decreasing the percentages off seed rot , seedling death , and dry weight of root and shoot system compared with those of the pathogenic fungi treatment . The most effective treatment in this regard was P. fluorescence + F. solani treatment , for it caused 74.45 %increase of seed germination and 25.55 % reduction in the number of rotten seeds .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
التأصيل التاريخي لمجالس المحافظات في العراق

المؤلفون: ضياء عبد الله الجابر
الصفحات: 103-113
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ٍStudy On Electrical Properties of ZnS thin Film
دراسة الخواص الكهربائية لأغشية ZnS

المؤلفون: وئام سامي
الصفحات: 105-109
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الخلاصة

Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) thin film was prepared Vacuum Evaporation technique . Glass substrates with (1 * 2.6 * 7.6) cm were used. The substrate temperature was 300°C and seems to be One of the more important parameters affecting the physical properties of the semiconductor. Electrical properties such as conductivity , resistivety are measured. Then the effect of Pliable on the conductivity is study. Furthermore, By used relation between Voltage and Current in Hall – effect the type transportations Charge is shown.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Photocatalytic Degradation of Salicylic Acid over Naked and Riboflavin Sensitized Zinc Oxide
التجزيء الضوئي المحفز لحامض السلسليك بوساطة اوكسيد الزنك المجرد و المحسس بصبغة الرايبوفلافين

المؤلفون: Abbas A .Drea --- Abbas J.Attia --- Salih H.Kahdum --- Ahmed A.Saadoon
الصفحات: 106-112
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الخلاصة

Photocatalytic degradation of salicylic acid over suspended zinc oxide ,and its sensitized with riboflavin has been done in this work . Irradiation of reaction mixture carried out by sunlight ,and ultraviolet light from mercury vapor lamp. the reaction was followed spectrophotometrically by Infrared ,and ultraviolet-Visible spectrophotometer .The remaining quantity of the acid was determined by spectrophotometric method ,by using a suitable calibration curve .The calibration curve was obtained by using a standard solutions of the acid ,the absorbance is measured at 320 nm .the investigated result showed that, sensitized zinc oxide was more active than its naked for in this reaction . under irradiation with sunlight and using RF/ZnO ,The represented result of the reaction was more active according to activation energy equal to 30.88 kJ mol-1 respective than naked ZnO under the same conditions of reaction.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
مقاومة مرض تعفن بذور وموت بادرات الحنطة المتسبب عن الفطر Rhizoctonia solani باستخدام بعض الطــــرائق الإحيائيـــــــة

المؤلفون: عدنان عبد الجليل
الصفحات: 110-120
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الخلاصة

The study was carried out to test the antagonistic effect of the biological fungus , Trichoderma harzianum , isolate against the pathogenic fungus Rhizoctonia solani and to find out an effective , feasible and inexpensive fermentation medium For growing the biological fungus . Aqueous extract of Oleander plant , Nerium oleander L. Leaves was also tested to determine its effect on both of the biological and pathogenic fungi as well as its efficacy for controlling the diseases.The laboratory experiments showed very effective antagonism effect of the biological fungus isolate against the pathogenic fungus since the antagonism degree was 1.2 according to the pent scale measure. The antagonism effect of the aqueous extract of oleander leaves reached 89 & 100 % against the pathogenic fungus at 66 & 75 % concentrations, respectively whereas its effect on the biological fungus reached 52 & 100 % at these concentrations, respectively. The powder of wheat hay proved extract and ensure 100% of antagonism effectiveness against the pathogenic fungus . The field experiments proved that both of the bio- formula of the biological fungus and Oleander leave extract were very effective to protect the wheat crop against the seed rot and seedling damping – off diseases caused by the pathogenic fungus Rhizoctonia solani .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Some New Heterocyclic Selenium Compounds on 3, 5-Naphtho–1-Seleoncyclohexane

المؤلفون: Hanan Abdul galeel AL – Hazam --- Naeem Taki Faily --- Ahmed Ali Alwaaly
الصفحات: 113-117
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الخلاصة

A new series of heterocyclic derivatives from 3, 5 – naphtho 1- selenocyclohexane have been prepared (i.e.: C12 H10 SeX; X=CL Br, I) and C12H10 SeRX; R=CH3; X=I) The new compounds were charactrized by elemental analysis, IR, H1NMR and molar conductance. Conductivity measurements of these compounds in DMSO solution indicated that they are behave as week electrolytes

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
توجهات الأفراد العاملين نحو عدالة ودقة المعايير المعتمدة في عملية تقويم الأداء

المؤلفون: فؤاد حمودي العطار
الصفحات: 114-130
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
An investigation of atmospheric turbidity of sixteen Iraq location
حساب عكورة الجو إلى ستة عشر موقعاً جغرافياً

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الخلاصة

Using sunshine duration, extraterrestal radiation and globle radiation as in put of some mathematical models, The average daily diffused solar radiation and atmospheric turbidity in various (16) placed around of Iraq are estimated by using a thirty years solar radiation data the period from ( 1961 – 1991 ).The diffused solar radiation have a maximum values are appeared in the summer season ( April, may, Jun, July and August) were found to range from( 5 - 7.5 MJ. M-2 day-1 ) while the minimum values in the other months. The turbidity values were found to range from 0.233 to 0.313 and the overall average ( ) was 0.269. The minimum value in Al- Hai 0-233 and the maximum value was 0.313 in Zakho. The low values of ( ) indicate that the Iraqi sky has relatively small disturbance and pollutant in the atmosphere. The correlation between the ( ) and geographical coordination have been shown a weak relation between them. Key worlds: Atmospheric turbidity, Angstrom coefficient

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أهمية المشاريع الصغيرة و المتوسطة في التنمية الاقتصادية وسبل النهوض بها في العراق

المؤلفون: نشأت مجيد حسن الونداوي
الصفحات: 121-131
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الخلاصة

This study tries to study small and medium projects in terms of their definition and characteristics and their role in economic development, as well as presenting some of the successful experiences of foreign countries in this field. The study also examines the reality of small and medium projects in Iraq and how to activate these projects because of their importance in economic progress and in limiting the negative effects of high rates of unemployment .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
موقف الأزهري من توجيه النحاة للقراءات القرآنية وتفسيرها في كتابه تهذيب اللغة

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الخلاصة

Abu Mansour AL Azhari ( 370 A.h. ) has constructed a critical view form the instructions made by grammarians to quran ways of reading in his in tahdeeb al lugaha and it is considered as one of the most important and biggest dictionaries of the fourth century ( A.H ) . he criticized famous grammarians like al layth bin al mudhafar , al farra essa bin omar , al zajaaj . etc . and describing such views as falty and weak , also , he proved wrong a namber of quran readers and specifying their errors and ignorance . This paper will focus on al azhair s views against the irregular reading of quran that do not follow the know rules and criteria in specifying the proper way of reading .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Cytoplasmic inheritance and maternal effect in degree of some genetic resistance of the reproductive disease in Holstein cattle
التوارث السايتوبلازمي وتأثير الام في درجة المقاومة لعدد من الامراض التناسلية لدى ماشية الهولشتاين

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الخلاصة

At the Nasr Dairy Cattle Station , United Company for Animal Resources L.td. (50 Km South of Baghdad ), over period from 2005 to 2007, 750 Holstein cow were randomly picked out from the herd .The aim of this study was to investigate the role of cytoplasmic inheritance ,maternal effect of the genetic resistance of reproductive disease of mastitis (M1) , metritis (M2) and retained placenta (R), and to estimate of heritability by various methods. The SAS program was used for statistical analysis. Components of variance for the random effects in the employed mixed model was estimated by using the Restricted Maximum Likelihood procedure(REML). The heritability of the M1 , M2 and R were 0.29, 0.35 and 0.26 respectively by using heritability estimate by half-sib whereas decreased to o.23, 0.24 and 0.19 respectively at the estimate by half-sib with adjusted of maternal effects, while these estimates were 0.34 , 0.36, 0.36 respectively at the estimate by regression (daughter dam). The variance of maternal effect in M1, M2 and R were 412.66, 6565.17, and 319.33 respectively , but the variance of cytoplasmic were 22.54, 9.886 and 2.82 respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية

Holstein --- Cytoplasimic Inheritance --- Genetic Disease.


Article
Model optimization of SOA used in ultra-high bit rate OTDM demultiplexer
أنموذج مثالي للمضخمات البصرية المستخدمة في أنظمة الاتصالات الضوئيه عالية السرعة

المؤلفون: Raad S. Fyath --- Ibrahim A.Murdas
الصفحات: 133-146
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الخلاصة

The ultrafast femtosecond gain and phase dynamics of semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) are investigated in this work. Acomprehensive model is developed which takes in to account interband transition, intraband transition SHB, CH, TPA, polarization state of control pulse and data . the model is used to extract the femotosecond switching dynamics of the SOA under different operating condition such as injection current ,control pulse power ,control pulse polarization ,SOA length and TPA.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Artemisia herb – alba plant on the phagocytosis
تأثير مستخلصات نبات الشيح Artemisia herb-alba المائي والكحولي في كفاءة عملية البلعمة

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الخلاصة

This study aims to evaluate effects of one of the medical plants in its natural form which is called Artemisia herb – alba and its activity of phagocytes which has two kinds ( monocytes) and ( polymorph nuclear ) PMN by experiment test namely( phagocytosis). A test has been made of two types of extracts of this plant ( water and ethanol extract) for the plant part (leaves) . and there are rate of extract record as 22 % for the water extract of the leaves,but ethanol extracts record 17%. The results showed that when addition different concentrations from extracts were not increase percentage of phagocyte number compared with control sample as beginning from concentrated 62.5 to 1000 µg / ml . The water extract was more efficient in increasing the phagocytosis .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أحكام سقوط عقوبة السرقة في الشريعة والقانون

المؤلفون: صبحي العادلي --- صائب محمد ناظم الموسوي
الصفحات: 139-152
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الخلاصة

In fact the nature and the charactcristics of Islamic thoughts implemented through out of our research under the title : ( Thw Sepher Rubbery is over Ruled by the law and the Islamic law ).Thus the over Ruled worng doing act must be transformed in the lights of Islamic law which could be viewed withen acare pillory of chewing a rubbery imituted inquisitively by others . On contacst the existance defensive of the rubbery could be prevailed in the points of views of the law and thw Islamic legistatives in the eyes of the Jurisdiction at mosphered Rules . On the other hand there is a contradistmction approudes viewed between the law and the Jurisdiction legistatives law for the rubbery efficaction treatments at the trifle trigger of war in the light of Islamic law and be more intensfied by the judicial viewed as an intensive defects' wrong doing acts

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE EFFECT OF USING DATE PITS AFTER TREATEMENT WITH MIXED ENZYME IN PERFORMANCE OF ROSE BROILER CHICKENS
تأثير أستخدام نوى التمر المعامل بخليط من الانزيمات في أداء فروج اللحم روز

المؤلفون: عباس حسين غافل --- طارق كمير الزهيري
الصفحات: 142-148
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at the Technical Institute / Al-Musaib (50 km south of Baghdad) during 20 July 2007 to the 22 September 2008 , 240 Rose chickens were analyzed statistically. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of date pits after treatment with β- klocaties or mixed enzyme in performance of Rose broilers chickens (weight gain , feed intake , feed conversion ratio , some carcass traits and economic efficiency) .The completely randomized design (CRD) within the SAS program was used to study the effects of treatment in/ productional and blood traits.The treatment effect on body weight and feed intake were non –significant at 28 , 56 and 70 day from age. Non-significant effect of treatment in feed concemption rate (FCR) through 28 and 56 day from age , wheares significant (P<0.05) effect in FCR at 70 day from age, where the highest rate of FCR was recorded for the treatment at use of 15% date pits with mixed enzyme (2.31 kg feed intake / kg weight gain).While the difference treatment had no significant on dressing percentage. Highly significant (P<0.01) effect of treatment on mortality rate, the lest mortality rate (2 %) recorded to treatment that fed of 15% date pits with β- klocaties enzyme, where the highest mortality rate (6.5%) at the contol treatment. The pointer of economic at 56 day from age according to body weight and feed intake for treatment in this study were 3300 , 3605 , 3768 and 3963 dinar respectively (P<0.01). The calicum concentration, paket cell volum (PCV) and glucose had no significant with difference treatment, while the highly significant effect of treatment in cholistrol in blood

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis of Some New 1, 3, 4-Oxadiazole Derivatives Containing Azo Group from 5-[4-(p- Methoxyphenyl)azophenyl]- 2-thiol- 1, 3, 4 – oxadiozole

المؤلفون: Zaid H.Abood --- Rahman T. Haiwal --- Sawsan K.Abbas --- Sajid M.Radhi --- et al.
الصفحات: 147-160
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الخلاصة

In this paper , the synthesis of 1,3,4-Oxadiazole derivatives containing azo group were achieved from 5-[4- ( P-methoxyphenyl ) azo phenyl ]-2- thiol-1,3,4-Oxadiazole [4].Treatment of compound [4] with ethyl 1- chloroacetate in alcoholic potassium hydroxide resulted in the formation of 2-thioester derivative [5] which was then converted to acid hydaizide derivative [6] by the reaction with hydrazine hydrate in ethanol .The reaction of hydrazide with carbon disulfide in alcoholic potassium hydroxide afforded 2 - [5 - (4 -(P - methoxyphenyl ) azophenyl ) -1,3,4 – oxadizol- 2 -yl methylthio ] - 1,3,4 - oxadiazole -5- thiol [7] . the latter was treated with propargyl bromide in basic media to give (5- propynyl)thio derivative [ 8 ] which was then treated with formaldehyde and piperidine to give5-(4-piperidino)butynylthio derivative[9]. Compound [7] was also treated with n-butyl chloride in basic media to give 5 - thioalkyl derivative [ 10 ] which was then oxidized with potassium permanganate in acidic media to give 5-sulfonylalkyl derivative [11]. The structures of the sythesised compounds were confirmed by melting points ,FT-IR spectra as well as elemental microanalysis.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
حساب بعض الخصائص الفيزيائية لجزيئة SeI باستخدام طريقة MNDO/PM3 الشبه تجريبيه

المؤلفون: نغـم محــــــي التميمـــــي
الصفحات: 149-155
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الخلاصة

In this work some spectroscopic properties for the linear (SeI) molecule , have been studied in the IR-region using the semi-empirical MNDO/PM3 method under equilibrium condition , whene the minimum total energy (- 481.56 eV) and bond length (1. 94 Å) .The fundamental vibrational frequencies for the given modes , for this molecule , have also been studied , graphically representing these modes and describing their intensities with (2D- Contours) and (3D- Isosurface) representations.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
- الأحكام القانونية للتظلم الإداري - (دراسة مقارنة)

المؤلفون: منى محمد عبد الرزاق
الصفحات: 153-163
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الخلاصة

the law rules of the administrative complaining- The administrative complaining is a request presented by the applicant to administrative side that is sued the decision or to the president side demanding to revise the decision to be withdraw or modified that before resorting to judge. Complaining divided into optionally and obligatory, also it divided into due to the authority presented to as allegiance, presidential and guardianship ones in addition to a complaining presented to administrative committees formed by law for this purpose. Many condition must be existed in the administrative complaining to be effective firstly it must be done against final administrative complaining issued from the authority that made the decision or related side, secondly the complaining must be presented by the complained oneself or the side has the benefit to cancel the decision or attorney if the applicant is minor, if the complaining mad there are two chances to be accepted and then the conflict finished or to be refused that the decision remains operative, if the complainer makes his complaining to the administrative side with availability of the conditions that a new date.

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Article
The use of dairy cows manure in fattining Awaasi lambs
تسمين الحملان العواسي على فضلات الابقار

المؤلفون: سعد عبد الزهرة
الصفحات: 156-160
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الخلاصة

Lambing in Iraq usually being during fall season. Male lambs usually sent to slaughter house after weaning due to high prices of concentrates. Therefore it is the objective of this study to find a low cost non—conventional feed staff to be used for fattening lambs to increase meat production and consequently increase return of the owners. Four different rations were used in this experiment.Ration(1) as a control ' ration(2) contained 1% urea ' ration (3) contained 11.5% of dairy cows manure treated with urea and formaldehyde and ration (4) contained 10% untreated dairy cows manure. All rations were isocaloric—isoprotein and all treatments were assigned at random to 24 male Awassi lambs at a rate of 2.25% of live body weight. Results indicated that average daily gain for treatments 1'2'3'and 4 were 146 , 182, 126 ,and 161 gm. Per day respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Determination of Left Ventricular Mass by Echocardiography in Normotensive Type 2 Diabetic Patients
قياس كتلة البطين الأيسر للقلب بواسطة جهاز فحص القلب بالموجات فوق الصوتية لمرضى داء السكري النوع الثاني من غير المصابين بارتفاع ضغط الدم

المؤلفون: Mohammad Abid Abdul-Hussein --- Hussain S. Al-Janabi --- Haydar Jawad Kadhum
الصفحات: 161-168
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الخلاصة

Background: left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is often present in type 2 diabetics even in the absence of cardiovascular disease. Aim of study: to explore the presence of LVH in normotensive diabetic type 2 patients.Patients and method: twenty patients with type 2 DM (13 males and 7 females) recruited from the diabetic clinic in Assadir teaching hospital during six months period. All patients were normotensive type 2 diabetics. Twenty normotensive non-diabetic subjects were recruited as control. Echocardiography was performed to evaluate the LV mass (LVM) and LV mass index (LVMI) for each patient. Results: the study revealed a significantly high incidence of LVH in normotensive diabetics than the normal control subjects (p value <0.05). Four patients were found to have LVH (20%). Incidence of LVH was more common in females (28.5%) than in males (15%), but the difference was not statistically significant (p value >0.05). Older age group of patients is correlated significantly with LVH (p value <0.05). LVH didn’t significantly correlate with duration of diabetes and fasting plasma glucose (p value >0.05).Conclusions: LVH can be seen in the Type 2 DM patients even in the absence of hypertension. These patients have a higher LVMI than the normal control subjects.

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Article
تأثير المستخلص المائي والكحولي لنبات الصفصاف Salix acmophylla في تثبيط نمو الخطوط الخلوية السرطانية في الزجاج(in vitro)

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الخلاصة

The present study was explorer to search the activity of secondary metabolites in Salix acmophylla crude extracts on the malignant cells growth (in vitro). This study includ the preparation of fresh extracts for two main parts of the plant (Bark and Leaves ) by using two types of solvents , distilled water and absolute ethanol . The results from leaves was 20% for L1 and 16% for L2 while from bark is 6% for B1 and 4% for B2 . The active compounds of the extracts was assessed by using the chemical tests and the result showed that a compound contains Glycosides , Tannins , Saponines and Flavonoides , but there is no Alkaloids , Terpenes and Steroids. The action of these crude extracts of S. acmophylla was assessed on cancer cell lines (HEP-2 and AMN-3 ) and on normal cells of (REF) using seven concentrations ( 1000 , 500 , 250 , 125 , 62.5 , 31.25 , 15.6 µg / ml ) through three examination period ( 24 , 48 , and 72 hrs ) for cancer cell lines and 72 hrs only for normal cell line of rat embryo (REF) with three exposure time. The result is a showing cytotoxic activity of these crude extracts with high significances in a two cancer cell lines during the three exposure time , suggesting that the cytotoxic effect of those crude extracts is a dose and time dependent , but in (REF) cell lines , there is no significant effect of those crude extracts reported . The water extract was found to be the most effective especially on the cell lines (HEP-2 ), while on (AMN-3) cell lines the ethanol extract was more effective. It was non- significant differences were defected when comparing the action of the leaves and the bark on these cell lines .

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Article
حنش بن عبد الله الصنعاني وأثره في نشر الإسلام

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Article
Effect of different Concentrations of Lead on some Physiological parameters on white rabbits
تأثير تراكيز مختلفة من خلات الرصاص في بعض معايير الدم الفسلجية لدى ذكور الارانب البيض

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الخلاصة

I have experimented this study at college of Science laboratories / Kufa University from 1/6/2003 to 1/2/2004 . biochemical . That resulted of the white rabbits and the study included the following . 1- Indication action of different concentration for lead in total number of red blood cells and packed cell volume and total chloride . Concentration in blood and the total number to the white blood cells and resulting from this study form decreasing (p < 0.05) in total number of red blood cells and paket cell volume and Hemoglobin concentration and making increasing (p < 0.05) in total number of white red cells and as it seems the statistic analysis indicated increasing period of action of injection (p < 0.05) to lowing the total number of red blood cells and packed cell volume and concentration of Hemoglobin and moral increasing in total number of red blood cells as comparing the all resits with controlling group .2- The Study has been experimented to know the action of different concentration for lead at some blood parameter which include packet cell volume and concentration mean . corpuscular hemoglobin . Erythrocyte dasimention Rate and the study indicates existence of decreasing of (p < 0.05) in every volume of red blood cell and concentration mean . corpuscular hemoglobin and the increasing during the period of ingection having moral action during anter evening the time with concentration . Either for Erythrocyte sedimentation Rate the study indicated occurrence decreasing the time and inter evening between the period and concentration comparing with controlling group .

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Article
Effect of Irradiation Time by Electrons on the Hardness for (Tungsten Carbide – 6% Cobalt) Alloys
دراسة تأثير زمن التشعيع بالالكترونات على صلادة سبائك ( كاربيد التنكستن – كوبلت 6%)

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الخلاصة

In this study, The calculation of Frenkel pairs generated as a result of irradiation of (Tungsten Carbide – Cobalt 6%) alloys by 25 keV, The value of radiation dose was (6.25×1018 particle / cm2) and the range of the irradiation time between (60-420) sec .The hypothetical irradiation was made using light charge particle electrons .A special program was written in "Q-Basic" to obtain the theoretical results. A ccording to this study, it was found that the increasing of the irradiation time causes increase of Frenkel pairs (Interstitial – Vacancy) generated by light charged particles. These Frenkel pairs are generating dislocations and deformations in crystal lattice which in turn lead to an increase the hardness of the alloys.

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Article
Microbial Contamination of Local and Imported Poultry meat in Al _anbar city
التلوث المكروبي في لحوم الدواجن المحلية والمستوردة في محافظة الانبار

المؤلفون: جمال عبد الرحمن إبراهيم ألحديثي
الصفحات: 186-190
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الخلاصة

Local markets witness a significant demand for various variety of local and imported poultry meat with almost a complete absence of healthy surveillance.The current work was designed to assess possible microbial contamination of such products and therefore 40 different samples (80 swabs)from skin of poultry meat were collected from local markets and examined using three kinds of media, i.e. nutrient agar, Macconkey agar, and blood agar. To detect bacterial growth and Sabauroud- Dextrose agar medium for fungal growth. The results obtained show clearly that all inverstigated samples were contaminated, mainly with Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas and E. coli. Positive growth was also deducted in both nutrient and Macconkey agar at 37 C also in blood agar at 5ْ C for 24-48 hr. However, this study shows another sort of contamination to be due to several fungi such as, Aspergillus Penicillium, and Mucor.

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Article
التنبؤ بالتحصيل الدراسي في ضوء نظريتي معالجة المعلومات والذكاءات المتعددة

المؤلفون: احسان عليوي ناصر
الصفحات: 187-203
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Article
Epidemiology of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Karbala Governorate center and some villages and cities 2004-2005
وبائية مرض التدرن الرئوي في مركز محافظة كربلاء وبعض الأقضية والنواحي التابعة لها لعامي 2004-2005

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to compare between rates of respiratory tuberculosis infections in different regions of Karbala Governorate (Karbala center, Al-Hindiya, Al-Husseiniya and Ein El-Tamur) in both males and females from the period of December 2004 to March 2005. Ziel-Neelsen stain method used as one of acid-fast staining methods.Results showed that the rate of infection in Karbala center was 9.2% (7.2% males and 1.9% females) while in Hindiya was 18.7% (males only), in Husseiniya the rate was 23.8% (14.2% males and 9.5% females), and there was no infection reported in Ein El-Tamur.

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Article
القيمة التقديرية لكلفة متر مربع تحت البناء في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة

المؤلفون: علي عبد الحسين محمد
الصفحات: 196-202
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الخلاصة

After daily Observation to register costs of materials and daily wages for four buildings in Kerbala city All these results were Organizing in tables. The in consistency analyzation indicate the cost to Product square meter idemtity for all buildings as statistically watching Also we attain the cost for square meter ( 464488 , 377964 , 409812 , 420683 )I.D Respectively with standard deviation (36322) More cost materials were [ reainforcment , (T5) , cement (T4) , bricks (T1) ] and also more working cost were (T21) , (T24) , (T26)

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Article
The Reliability of Bayes Estimators for the Partial Mixture samples of the Exponential Family
معولية مقدرات بيز للعينات الجزئية للعائلة الآسية المختلطة

المؤلفون: سعاد خلف سلمان
الصفحات: 203-209
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الخلاصة

The object of this paper is find formula to estimate the reliability of mixture exponential distributions, for two sub populations. It is used Bayesian estimate method for failure times, in two cases of sub population. In one case it is possible to assign each unit to the appropriate sub population; while in the other case information is not available

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Article
بناء برنامج نفسي رياضي لتنمية السلوك ألتوكيدي لدى لاعبي كرة القدم المحترفين في الدوري العراقي

المؤلفون: حيدر اليعقوبي --- عزيز كريم وناس
الصفحات: 204-221
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الخلاصة

Discussion touched on the current five sections, Part I dealt with the definition, which included research and provided research and its importance and the problem of research as well as research objectives and hypotheses zero five. Researchers also identified areas of research and the definition of a term trends which were represented in (the programme, psychological sports program, conduct verification of professionalism in football), which researchers believe its importance. The section also included a second dimension of theoretical research and researchers devoted to professionalism, as the essence of research is determined more strongly in this concept. In Part Three researchers used the experimental curriculum design using experimental type of pilot groups and the law after the equalization in each of the variables (age, level of achievement, the number of years of professionalism, mobility between sports clubs), and also the research community (30) and appointed a player of ( 20) by (10) players for each experimental group, researchers measure and was prepared to conduct emphasis league players Iraqi professionals, which has been in paragraphs stages of preparation (32) a verbal formula method of passive type, and pointed out the relative importance of measurement areas of emphasis sporting behaviour before action Statistics necessary to verify the validity, and then was instructed yardstick preparation of the sample-sample original research were also introduced the instrument in its primary eight experts in psychology and physical education in order to identify expired. After collecting the views of experts and analysis, has been to keep all paragraphs of measure, which got a proportion (80%), and was Alsekomtre characteristics of the type of measurement indicators honesty (Validity Indexes) have achieved this kind of honesty of the measure (scale behaviour emphasis) by submitting it to a group of experts Specialists in psychology, who were unanimous opinions on the validity and appropriate instructions to members of the current research sample, and verify how the two extremes (Contrasted Groups Method) on a sample number of its members (300) students in the College of Physical Education has promised paragraphs that got the bodies calculated value (1.960) More paragraphs distinctive for being statistically significant at a level (0.05) and on this basis excluded (10) paragraphs because their value was less than the value when the degree of freedom of scheduling (160) and level of significance (0.05) were verified indicators steadiness (Reliability Indexes) in a test - Reconstruction Test (Test-Retest Method) found that the correlation (0.81) and the stability factor alpha for internal consistency (Alpha Crookback Formula) for internal consistency, the standard stability factor (0.87) and dealt with two researchers to detect lying (precise measurement of response) and explained that Paragraphs not function as she was a statistically calculated value (166. 4, 666. 10) higher than the extremely seriously and LES (841 3.) Respectively and are free DF (1) at the level of significance (0.05), also prepared a researcher at the psychological action sports This can be done through (identifying needs, selecting priorities, setting goals, general goals, sub-goals, goals behavioural, Evaluation program, implementation, in which the psychological sports pilot group of players on the professional (29 / 9 / 2007) Saturday after a test Tribal history (29 / 9 / 2007)) until (23 / 10 / 2007) Tuesday, the test was conducted after the date ((25 / 10 / 2007) approved Thursday, and then test the delayed date (10 / 11 / 2007) Saturday, In answer to Title IV of assumptions zero, which was reached (D hypothesis first difference statistically, the second case the difference D-statistically, the third hypothesis function differences statistically, the difference hypothesis fourth-D statistically, the difference hypothesis fifth-D statistically) and therefore the conclusions and recommendations Thus, proposals have been introduced sources used in research and wanted sign.

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Article
Immunological Study of infection with Toxoplasma gondii in Al-Diwanyia City
دراسة مناعية حول الإصابة بداء المقوسات الكونيدية Toxoplasma gondii في مدينة الديوانية

المؤلفون: دينا محمد رؤوف إبراهيم الخفاف
الصفحات: 210-216
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الخلاصة

This research aimed to determine some humeral immune aspects in infected people with toxoplasmosis. Total of 56 sample as 38 sample of infected women and 18 healthy controls their ages ranged between 20-39 years old. Results showed a significant elevation (P<0.05) in IgG levels in patients group 112.4 ± 91.87 mg/dl in comparison to control group 850.99 ± 75.78 mg/dl. Also results showed a significant reduction (P<0.05) in IgM levels in the patients group 103.9± 8.31 mg/dl comparison to control group 412.95±112.4 mg/dl. IgA levels were non significantly elevated 197.29 ±17.3 mg/dl comparison to control group 149.2 ±30.22 mg/dl . C3 levels were also non significantly elevated 135.38±11.29 mg/dl in comparison to control group 107.57±16.33mg/dl. Also C4 levels were also non significantly elevated 32.53 ±2.61mg/dl in comparison to control group which was 23. 29± 2.42 mg/dl. The infection with this parasite induce the antibody formation as an immune response which affect the parasite during the short period in which the parasite become out side the cells, then die by the specific antibodies when bide to the complement that archive the level of the immune response in patients determine the parasite pathogenesis.

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Article
The suitable structure system for high rise building
النظم الإنشائية الملائمة للأبنية العالية

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Article
فكرة عقد المفاوضة

المؤلفون: عبد الله عبد الأمير طه الشمري
الصفحات: 222-228
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الخلاصة

There is no doubt the importance of negotiations Nodal and play a role in the formation of the final contract as technical development and created legal effects of the most important and obvious importance of negotiations preceding the conclusion of a contract as negotiators reconcile the conflicting views and unite them to a particular contract with Important economic importance such as contracts for the transfer of technology. We will take up in this regard by modern legal and important aspects of the negotiations, but the holding of Inclination bargaining as agreed by the parties as to engage in negotiations preceding the conclusion of the contract to discuss terms and determine the final version, before a final contract.

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Article
علاقة ضغط الدم وزمن التخثر مع مجاميع الدم

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جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: