Table of content

al-academy

مجلة الاكاديمي

ISSN: 25232029 18195229
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Fine Arts
Language: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

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jornal of the college of fine Arts University of baghdad

web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

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email : al.academy@cofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq
phone number: 009647703467114
web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2012 volume: issue:63

Article
The aesthetics of porcelain in the spherical configuration of contemporary Iraqi(Maher al-Samarrai and Ra'ad al-Dulaimi, a model)
جماليات التكوين الكروي في الخزف العراقي المعاصر( ماهر السامرائي ورعد الدليمي أنموذجا)

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Abstract

Able, a researcher at Tnguibh for doubt to football and the ball to find that the spherical shape and configurations ball and built to take an important place in research, analysis and interpretation, even though some of these studies attributed this configuration systems a biological related Besirorh life of living on earth, and it is linked to form spherical and Mhbhatth ball of eggs organisms collect them, as the truth biological declare that (99%) of the forms of these eggs are spherical purely or similarities configuration ball we call the circulation of scientific egg shape Basttalat different, and some attributed the situation to the astronomy research in the forms of planets march discovered and undiscovered , and it became clear to the knowledge of the researcher, that the entirety of a purely spherical configuration. We find that the comparative research between the Iraqi artists show us the task of the march of the structure and evolution of contemporary Iraqi art of ceramics. If this turns out that research in this area and in the privacy of formal referral systems to current systems of thought invested in the formation suggestive widely, it became clear the ability of the research or even non-existent. Making the necessary scientific research and emphasizes exploration relations. That the researcher is on the detection and revealed relations suggestive declared and invested on one level. And it will be a research platform in the first chapter of the research problem and the importance of research and the goal of research and research and determine the limits of search terms. Also completed in the second quarter competent intellectual cognitive theoretical framework is composed of a detective following: A - the first part, and aesthetic concepts in art. B - Section II football formations and their references. C - third part spherical shape and configuration of the Iraqi contemporary ceramics. Maher al-Samarrai and Raad al-Dulaimi and investment spherical configuration (2000-2008). After reaching to the institutions that can be used in the theoretical framework of knowledge. Goal of the researcher. Chapter III contains the procedures the research community research and the research sample and justification for the sampling and analysis of samples. Then the fourth quarter, which represents the results of the research and shapes and sources. That the search in the products of potters Maher al-Samarrai and Raad al-Dulaimi, and have important date and how great of ceramics also have a clear imprint on the level of this art in Iraq is in search of a productive art ceramics contemporary Iraqi and library research relevant to this art and it may be a researcher in accordance to the guidance of his professors, who was his support and positive motivation for this achievement.


Article
تنوع استعارات الخزف العراقي المعاصر - دراسة تحليلية (سعد شاكر) انموذجاً

Authors: سجى رسول نفل
Pages: 29-46
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Abstract

The current study in the entry for understanding the mechanism of directorial and to diagnose references variations allegorical in porcelain contemporary Iraqi after going into this race technical as it represents one of the most important races of Fine Arts leading the Fine Arts of Iraq, in addition to Maimthelh Cultural Heritage Arts and Mesopotamia, which supplied the world's FIRST creative technical ceramics, which varied in the language of metaphors, whether Makati, or metaphors adopted the act, and access forms to form the abstract, and sometimes the best form, which inherited the potter's contemporary and bestowed upon them and developed by the diversity of raw materials ceramic art, whether in the clays , Balakased or color, or by the creative imagination, which borrows forms of reality the ocean and the idea employed in the service stationed in the Iraqi mind the contemporary potter and trained on the creation and innovation. Researcher identified the large ethnic potter (Saad Shaker), the fact that this was the leading potter of the early potters of Iraqis who Dibwa much for the development of ceramic art in Iraq, in addition to the potter Matktenze innovators of variations allegorical, broadcast and semantic codes for its ceramic blades. The study included the current methodological framework, which contained "the research problem, and its importance, and its borders, and Ahdavha," in addition to the "theoretical framework for research" and which included three SSI, take the first part, "Diversity in porcelain," and the second topic dealt with "metaphor in Ceramics, "The third topic dealt with the" lead in the porcelain contemporary Iraqi, "in addition to the indicators resulting from the theoretical framework, as well as ensure that the current search" action research ", which contained the" research community, and sample search, search tool, in addition approach to research ", and then the researcher analyzed the" Four samples "of the great innovators of ethnic potter (Saad Shaker) to get to the search results that resulted in: 1)The diversity of contemporary Iraqi ceramics depending on the variety of metaphors and experiences whosever. 2) Compressors demonstrated environmental and sociological and psychological in the Iraqi contemporary ceramics by employing creative ceramic icons in contemporary Iraq. 3) Represent a metaphor of self-sample call to the reality surrounding vocabulary based on the mechanism of formalist analysis, and then re-install to get to the idea. 4) The attention of the artist in the research sample Btnoathmetaphor and embodiment of geometric shapes in his works . sample Btnoathmetaphor and embodiment of geometric shapes in his works of art.


Article
الريادة في أساليب الرسم الأوربي المعاصرنماذج مختارة

Authors: عادل نفل مهدي
Pages: 63-76
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Abstract

Current research deals with the answer about the nature of pioneer in contemporary European painting techniques and styles, which came with data in the transformational concepts and visions, which afforded artists caused by changing the intentions of art in the Creative Mndzhm finish for the classic Alosayb used in the according to of the foregoing Eetmd objective of the study: Recognize the changing pioneer styles in contemporary European painting. And to reveal the meanings and implications of innovation and structural frameworks in selected models. The study included in the first Introduction to explain the problematic assumptions and research and its purpose and its importance and its limits. The second involved the chapter: The pioneer in forming and variables of plastic art. Where to stand and fall on the stylistic output in the painting and identify the causes and authenticity and variables. The third chapter deals with: Action research and includes: Research methodology and community samples and the selection and appointment of its means The four chapter would ensure: results, conclusions and recommendations and proposals findings: Between the results of the recall include: 1 - show pioneer in the contemporary European styles painting from the events of a comprehensive change in the type and quality attributes in the artwork. 2 - Established pioneer back to the origin of art is not the same as the essence of reality and not continue with the tradition, was the contemporary European painting techniques and styles based on this concept and do not communicate with the European heritage in the classic approach. 3 - Show some of the pioneer artists of European styles as the content and form to become a means and an purpose. 4 - shows the work of most artists of European pioneer that their actions do not show the new approach is a form of developer and philanthropist, but something different in the type of method and styles.


Article
الفن الفطري الساذج في المغرب العربي سماته ومضامينه الفنية

Authors: ميسر علي احمد
Pages: 77-92
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Abstract

The roots of contemporary fine art movement in Morocco and the beginning did not come from the tradition of Western art schools in spite of modern orchestration, but emitted from the community and communicate with art throughout its history of civilization. Appeared innate art (naive), which is based on the peculiar social and privacy, such as Morocco and the extension of the Moroccan culture and reflect faithfully the movement of society for being performed under the pressure of circumstances to represent a particular psychological and cultural era have a great impact on contemporary fine movement. The objective of this research to uncover the formal features of art innate in Morocco and its contents has defined innate pioneer artists. The discussion dealt with the factors that led to the emergence of this art from the viewpoint of critics and historical roots, which confirmed critic Tony Marrani the beginning of this art was the twentieth century, and was of the pioneers of this art of Mohammed Ali Rabat, Mohamed Ben Allal, Ahmed Idrissi, Al shuaeba Talal, Fatima Hassan .... Was marked by this kind of art baptized folklore, customs, social traditions and lanes and alleys and surfaces and heritage buildings and villages, as characterized by their simplicity in the use of colors explicit in space and the distribution of formal elements over the entire surface imaging did not pay attention to perspective pro forma and color and also baptized to identify shapes by lines of dark to confirm Figure.

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Article
تقنيات الاظهار في الفن المفاهيمي

Authors: عدنان عبدالعباس
Pages: 93-104
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Abstract

The experience of after novelty to open spaces of display and drift behind social and political matters according to human mind development which caused panic after the stage of second world war in the 20th century . The novelty called for fragmentize of the museum and destroy the array that was followed in fixing the element of contemporary plastic arts due to self-fragmentation with in the plastic artist who tried to argue with that stage according to the attitude from aesthetic . Therefore; allegation came with two different idioms of art and trends including concept art .This research is discussing technical demonstration changes of this kind of art and what accompanied with matters in its formation construction and the different of display forms for that system. The first category dealt with mentality transition for period after novelty . Second category is dealing with demonstration techniques and its different stages such as the absence of paronomasia and activation of the vicinity fields in plastic arts including conceptual optical system. Chapter two is dealing with the samples that build the conceptual idea pivots on it and the different optical display techniques in performance , that is why the main results were as follow:- 1. The conceptual arts areas made the artistic achievement changeable from constant to movable in display according to the activator of the idea which the conceptual artist will do whether the display was in different techniques of matters or what is he did represented the body and inclusion with in optical display techniques contents as in the figures 2. Variety of display spaces in conceptual optical system and openness of display methods which participated in the technical variety to show the techniques of this art ( figure N0- . 3-There is clear activation to inter vicinity fields in earth area which is embodied for conceptual art that represents technical incentive to present conceptual idea as in the figure

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Article
مفهوم الإنتاج في مسرح الطفل

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Abstract

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Article
التوظيف الفني والجمالي لعمق المجال في بنية الفيلم الروائي الحديث

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Abstract

The cinematic picture addresses us with different ways through its formative structure that evokes from the formation elements like visuals lines, mass, size, form, and the space besides the characters, decoration, and lighting. So as the picture, is a complete narrative structure stands for itself, sends information which its meaning duplicated when it is attached with the context. The primary goal of the filmmaker is to create a picture artistically successful and dramatically expressive. The first challenge that the filmmaker faces is to create an illusion of the depth ( the third dimension) in his visual formation. This formation will be displayed on a flat screen, no matter how good its formation, is still a premature existence that is inexpressive visually. The filmmaker utilizes technological and artistic techniques in order to create this dimension that completes the picture, makes it perceptual, and make it correlate with the realistic picture. As a result, the influence will occur. The dimension of the picture became an expressive means attached to the other means. Most of the theorists and filmmakers who belong to the realistic schools use the third dimension as one of the direction solutions to the cinematic scene because it is more realistic to the audience. By the third dimension, we can activate the levels of the picture simultaneously. This also can create structural effect, that is different from that with generic editing process, by the inner structure of this picture. Consequently, it is important to employ the third dimension as a directorial solution to the scene as a whole or narrative snapshot enlisted in scene context. From here the problem of this research emerges as (in which way the third-dimension can be directorially employed in the structure of the modern novel-based film?).

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Article
التحول الدلالي في وظائف الشخصية الرئيسة في الفيلم الروائي فلم(بنجامين بوتون)أنموذجا

Authors: صابرين كامل زيدان
Pages: 139-154
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Abstract

The dramatic arts derived their influence from the real life by dealing with subjects concern with mans nature, that television drama and cinema movies take wide scope and important role in raising the subjects , to embody an action of a character within the dramatic work it will be built on the incidents required for the role presented by that character in a movie , sine each character has its reflection , influences and alternatives with its role to form the incidents suspension in a movie . This research consists of four chapters , the first one consists of the main problem which is ( what are the significant alternatives of the major character in the structure of a movie ) , it also deals with the importance , targets and limits of the research to terminate the chapter by defining the terms. The second chapter deals with the academic frame and former studies which consist of two investigations ; the first one takes the roles as a term and a concept . the second includes studyingthe main alternation and its role in visual address . the third chapter includes research procedures while the fourth contains analyzing the samples adopted by the researcher ( the foreign film Binjamin Boutin ) . the fifth &last chapter contains results , conclutin and suggestions , The research ends with the Bibliography .

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Article
المعالجة الإخراجية للشخصية الانهزامية في الدراما التلفزيونية العراقية

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After 2003, the Iraqi drama witnesses a new direction of its written texts that became no longer express the Authority’s opinions or go according to its directions. The writers intended to dive into what had not been written about, through uncovering wars calamities, that Iraqis underwent, that still stand till now and their political, social, and economic waste matters that reflected on the Iraqi society. Iraqi drama shed light on innovative characters that went off from the war either insane or neurotic and end with extermination because of their revolutionaries or ideological stands against the authority. Texts like Al-Hub wa Al-salam ( Peace and Love) written by Hammid Al-Maliki, directed by Thamir Marwan and Phobia of Baghdad directed by Hassan Hussni carry in their folds this innovative character which ends with extermination. Defeatism track these characters because of brutality of political or social treatment. The problem, that the researcher noticed, is summarized with the process of dealing with these new characters within the Iraqi dramatic text directorially besides the artistic treatments that depict these characters directorially. The researcher puts the problem of this research with this question ( In which way the defeated character can be directorially treated in Iraqi television drama ?)

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Article
الاشتراط الوظيفي وعلاقته بالنظام الشكلي لتصميم كرسي الحلاقة

Authors: أياد خلف ياسين
Pages: 171-190
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This research is marked by (functional requirement and its relationship to the formal system to ensure the barber chair chapters, containing the following topics: Chapter One: The research problem and its importance and its objectives and its borders and determine the terms. Chapter II: A conceptual framework. Chapter III: Research procedures with a description and analysis of models. The main research problem is that the barber chairs available in the markets of Baghdad, believes the purpose performance piece of functional and aesthetic user? Also, the research problem also unite to highlight the most important problems facing the design industry barber chairs, to find out the finer details Show identify indicators that serve the design process. To achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher has to find a design criteria to take into account the barber chair which takes into account the functional and aesthetic aspects in hair salons for men, women, adult in the markets of Baghdad, for the years (2008, 2010). To reach those goals, the researcher collected the necessary basic axes of analysis, where the systems researcher form analysis included: • System formative year for the chair barber (the functional and aesthetic) • mechanism of the body of the user and the proportionality of barber chair and Sizes. • the suitability of raw materials employed in the barber chair. • methods of connecting parts of the body. The researcher introduced the questionnaire to the Commission on sameenar which has thankfully, to develop the necessary adjustments until they were fit with the requirements of research, which was applied to the sample that was intentional in the representation of the research community, to serve the bjectives of the research, was to obtain information through observation and personal interview for the users of this product. As well as some owners of salons and also (Atlas) to chair the sole supplier razor in Iraq. It is through these steps has been reached to the final results of the following: 1. The backrest design suitable in terms of length and width as well as the concavity and convexity with the mechanism of the spine in Alanoz c 1 and is not suitable in Alnozj 2. 2. That does not suit the dimensions and measurements of some parts of the body such as the Musnad of hands the Holy impact negatively on the functional requirement for that chair. 3. Appropriate dimensions of seating in both models had a positive impact on the movement mechanism and the stability of the user. 4. Came headrests and one motor system, but they were not suitable for use. Has not been calculated as the mechanism of the spine in the cervical region and the beginning of thoracic region and this is causing the tension in this region during the period of shaving or skin care. 5. Came more raw materials used in some parts of the models, such as: artificial skin and steel in response to the requirements of the job in support and durability of these parts, which date back positively on the functional requirement of the chair. 6. The use of multiple ways, and good articulation contributed to the support side, a career in the hard parts, and give great flexibility in supporting parts that need to be movement in the most Altmvslat in the models and therefore influenced in a positive factor for durability and safety.

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Article
Optical and morphological variables of the achievements of the printing Paper
المتغيرات البصرية والشكلية للمنجزات الطباعية

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Been the subject of the variables and visual form of the achievements of printing an important input in determining the main variables and visual form and their effects in the completed layout, which formed the focus of current research, which was divided systematically into various chapters, in the first quarter over the researcher on the doors basis, where you select the research problem under question following: What are the effectiveness and impact of visual variables and how to employ them efficiently and effectively done in the layout.? The importance of it lies in the possibility of: - To shed light on the variables and formal and visual effects on Macklh Almndztabai. - Contribute to research in the development process of completing design work in a scientific and creative. And enrich the knowledge and skills for professionals in the field of graphic design. Search and Hadddhdf: identification and formal visual variables and their impact on the achievements of printing. The limits of research are: Objective limits: the achievements of printing selected Temporal boundaries: 2009-2010. Spatial boundaries: Baghdad, Iraq, and select a researcher term relationship with a title search, and Chapter II is devoted to the theoretical framework Anwanat included: changes in the structure of the visual design , And variables cognitive in structure design, then right indicators represent a summary of material theory, In the third chapter identified the research methodology, and to process analysis, sample a variety of hit (9 models printing), which took place within the axis-specific, and involved the fourth quarter on the findings of the researcher.

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Article
التنوعات المظهرية في بنية الزخارف النباتية الزهرية

Authors: بسام صعب حمد
Pages: 217-232
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THE VARIATIONS OF APPEARANCE IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE CALYX MOTIFS The 10th AH century is considered to be one of the important centuries which are full of various artistic fields in general , and plant decorative arts in particular .these were reflected in Islamic heritage of various designs , whether calyx or cup . the researcher – throughout what he had been able to observe of plant designs which were drawn in the 10th AH century - found out that there were differences in the structure design level especially in the calyx decorative motifs , whether in color or shape . These can be seen in variations of the appearance of the motifs and elements of design. The researcher thus submits the following question: ( what are the variations of appearance in the structure of the calyx motifs ) The importance of the research lies in : The fact that it can contribute in developing the skills of performance and enlarging the scope of knowledge for the student of this branch of art and decorators and others who are interested in this field of art . The research also can contribute in enriching the curriculum especially in the field of Islamic decorative arts. The aim of the research: To identify the appearance variations ( in shape and color ) in the structure of the calyx motifs . The research is limited by the calyx floral decorations, conducted in color and gilded in paper manuscripts , which were done in the 10th AH century / 16th AD century and which are found in the (Sulaimani Library in Turkey ). The theoretical framework included the following subjects : The rule of calyx floral decorations in the Ottoman manuscripts, and the structure of the floral calyx decorations in regard to the shape and color variations of their motifs. The researcher followed in his procedures a descriptive analytic method to reach the results that can accomplish his goal in solving the problem. A sample has been chosen on purpose, (15) samples have been chosen out of a community of (45) forms. The analytic form have been designed and presented to the experts to ensure its validity an ability to achieve the desired goal. The research has reached the following result: Dependence on the various area divisions , variety in simple forms of calyx with different appearances , and variety of composite forms of calyx whether jagged with multiple indentations , or rounded with multiple indentations ,or circular calyx .exaggeration of the use of spiral movement and wavy movement in creating the branches .exaggeration in using motifs of simple smooth sepals with one indentation of pointed end , and also three indentation sepals . Also the calyx ( simple or composite ) appeared as rings and knots in joints ,while some of the modified calyx motifs appeared as knot joints .Furthermore the calyx decorations showed a lot of color variations by depending on the principle of opposite color theory .

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