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مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2007 المجلد: 5 العدد: 1

Article
الجهد النقدي في ( نزهة الألبّاء في طبقات الأدباء ) لأبي البركات ابن الأنباري 577هـ

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الخلاصة

This research considered acritical examination for criticism effort countenance to Abe-AlBarakat Ibn-Alanbarri in his famous book"Nazhat Al-Albaa fe Tabakat Al- Odabaa" for its important to support the Arabic library with anew studies.In this study we depend upon analytical program which investigate the opinion to find the general relation between the subject and the determination important if these opinion in Arabic criticism. This study included agroup of subjects which create aclear station in Arabic criti- cism history such as:narrater,meaning parallelism,linguictic criticism and others. and its auther was mentioned.

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Article
الجهد النقدي في ( نزهة الألبّاء في طبقات الأدباء ) لأبي البركات ابن الأنباري 577هـ

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الخلاصة

This research considered acritical examination for criticism effort countenance to Abe-AlBarakat Ibn-Alanbarri in his famous book"Nazhat Al-Albaa fe Tabakat Al- Odabaa" for its important to support the Arabic library with anew studies.In this study we depend upon analytical program which investigate the opinion to find the general relation between the subject and the determination important if these opinion in Arabic criticism. This study included agroup of subjects which create aclear station in Arabic criti- cism history such as:narrater,meaning parallelism,linguictic criticism and others. and its auther was mentioned.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Glutathione -S-transferase, Reduce Glutathione and Xanthine Oxidase Activities in Patient with Prostate Cancer

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الخلاصة

In the present study, the estimation of free radicals scavenger enzyme (antioxidant enzymes) such as glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and the reduce glutathione (GSH) activities, in sera with prostate cancer patients (n=25)and healthy control(n=23), were found a highly significant decreased in GSH (p < 0.005 ) and significant decreased GST (p<0.05).Also we determined the activity of xanthine oxidase (XO), and were found elevation and highly significant at(p<0.001) in xanthine oxidase . The correlation between GSH and GST also determined between control and prostate cancer patients, the result show weak positive correlation in comparison with control. Conventional-PAGE profile of crude serum control and prostate cancer for protein show no different between them.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Glutathione -S-transferase, Reduce Glutathione and Xanthine Oxidase Activities in Patient with Prostate Cancer

المؤلفون: Mohammed A. AL-Khafaji --- Khowla A. AL-Shemran --- Mufeed J. Ewadh
الصفحات: 1-6
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الخلاصة

In the present study, the estimation of free radicals scavenger enzyme (antioxidant enzymes) such as glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and the reduce glutathione (GSH) activities, in sera with prostate cancer patients (n=25)and healthy control(n=23), were found a highly significant decreased in GSH (p < 0.005 ) and significant decreased GST (p<0.05).Also we determined the activity of xanthine oxidase (XO), and were found elevation and highly significant at(p<0.001) in xanthine oxidase . The correlation between GSH and GST also determined between control and prostate cancer patients, the result show weak positive correlation in comparison with control. Conventional-PAGE profile of crude serum control and prostate cancer for protein show no different between them.

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Article
تأثير الـ AgNO3 والـ BA على ظاهرة التزجج Vitrification الذي يصيب الاجنة الجسمية لنخيل التمر Phoenix dactylifera L. صنف (خصاب) خارج الجسم الحي

المؤلفون: خيون علي محسن
الصفحات: 1-7
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الخلاصة

The present study was under taken at tissue culture Laboratory-Date palm research center of Basrah University from September 2004 to Augest 2005 to determine the effect of AgNO3 and BA on the vitrified embryo in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) CV. "Khasab" In vitro. seven concentration of AgNO3 used (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12)mg/L and two concentration of BA (0, 0.1)mg/L. The results were found the AgNO3 addition at a concentration of 8 and 10 mg/L led to significant increased in fresh weight of embryogenic callus with other tested concentration, the somatic embryos were produced in higher numbers at concentration of 8 mg/L of AgNO3 compared with other concentration whereas, 6 mg/L of AgNO3 led to the best growth for somatic embryos, it decreased the percentage of vitrification and increased the percentage of normal somatic embryos compared with other concentration. The control treatment led to lower resulted. The addition of (BA) at concentration of (0.1 mg/L) led to significant increase in fresh weight of embryogenic callus, the number of cylindrical embryos and the percentage of normal embryos. Results also showed that interaction between of AgNO3 at (6 , 8) mg/L and BA at (0.1) mg/L led to significant increased in fresh weight of embryogenic callus compared with other interaction,AgNO3 at (12)mg/L and BA at (0.1)mg/L led to significant increased the number of somatic embryos, while AgNO3 at (6 mg/L) and BA at (0.1 mg/L) led to significant increased the percentage of normal embryos was (88) compared with other interaction the control interaction led to lower resulted.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Prolonged Bleeding Time in Uraemia

المؤلفون: Riyadh al- Saigh --- Fuad Al- Kasab
الصفحات: 7-17
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الخلاصة

Bleeding is a common and sometime fatal event in uraemic patients. Its etiology is multifactorial.Eighty uremic patients were included in this study. 39 were males and 41 were females. Their ages ranged 18-70 years. They received haemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD) or both. Bleeding time (BT) was measured by intravenous method. BT is considered prolonged if it is > 10 minutes.This study found neither the patients' age nor their sex affect the BT. The effect of duration of the illness on BT is remarkable. HD affects BT while no effect for PD was found.The commonest clinical manifestation of uraemic bleeding tendency is epistaxis.Among the variable characters of uraemic patients that adversely affect BT were raised serum creatinine (S. cr.), low packed cell volume (PCV), and prolonged partial thromboplastin time (PTT).This study recommends measurement of BT as a simple bedside test for uraemic patients to identify the risk of bleeding at early time. Corrections of abnormal variables like:Anemia by eryhtropoiten and/or blood transfusion,azotemia by dialysis,3-DDAVP usage and/or cryoprecipitate for acute bleeding episode,and estrogen therapy and others.Have a good impact on treating bleeding in uraemics.


Article
قريـش البطــاح وأثرها على التجـارة و السياسـة

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الخلاصة

The researchers were concerned with shedding a spot of light on the categorization of Quraish into " Urban and Suburban" and what has eventually been the result in terms of commercial, political, and economic authorities that widened the disparity among the Mecca community classes.This categorization which was purely alien to the Arabs, was a phenomenon of its kind.It is based on capital and what is later to be affiliated with it namely the economic and social growth that made of Mecca a different city from the rest of the Arab peninsula cities in economic and political essence and making of it at the same time a sovereign metropolis with a new system let alone the religious status it occupies.As a result for the new system that is based on capital, calss differences magnified and eventually the new political authorities have been reorganized for instance, "Al-Malla'" which is a primitive form of parliament, replaced the tribal rule and Dar Al-Nadwa replaced the tribal tribunal which is the highest development the Arab peninsula States witnessed at the time

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
قريـش البطــاح وأثرها على التجـارة و السياسـة

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الخلاصة

The researchers were concerned with shedding a spot of light on the categorization of Quraish into " Urban and Suburban" and what has eventually been the result in terms of commercial, political, and economic authorities that widened the disparity among the Mecca community classes.This categorization which was purely alien to the Arabs, was a phenomenon of its kind.It is based on capital and what is later to be affiliated with it namely the economic and social growth that made of Mecca a different city from the rest of the Arab peninsula cities in economic and political essence and making of it at the same time a sovereign metropolis with a new system let alone the religious status it occupies.As a result for the new system that is based on capital, calss differences magnified and eventually the new political authorities have been reorganized for instance, "Al-Malla'" which is a primitive form of parliament, replaced the tribal rule and Dar Al-Nadwa replaced the tribal tribunal which is the highest development the Arab peninsula States witnessed at the time

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير شدة الانتخاب بمديات مختلفة في تقدير العائد الوراثي المباشر والمرتبط لدى دجاج اللكهورن الابيض

المؤلفون: احمد محمود شكر النداوي
الصفحات: 18-25
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الخلاصة

This investigate was conducted at the poultry farm of Animal Resources Departments, College of Agriculture, Baghdad University, Abu-Ghraib, 615 records produced by 130 White Leghorn were analyzed statistically. Over a period from (Oct. 2004-Sept. 2005).The objective of the study was to investigate the selection program that warrants improvement in genetic gain and efficiency of egg production (EP), egg mass (EM) and the economic values (EV).Different scenarios of selection program were applied where 90 , 80 and 70 % of the birds selected for future records. Two alternatives of selection criteria were followed .The first included selection based on phenotypic values of EP, EM and EV .While the Second alternative encountered selection based on breeding values (BV) of EP, EM and EV. Direct selection response of EP when selection was focused on phenotypic values of EP was 1.26 , 3.44 and 4.16 % of the original population herd means , when 90 , 80 and 70 % of the dams were selected. The corresponding percentages of EM and EV as correlated response were 2.29 , 3.71 , 5.03 and 6.35 , 10.44 and 13.50 ,respectively from their respective means of the original population . These results reveal among EP, EM and EV were genetically correlated. To improve both EP and EM and maximize economic value selection should be focused on the EV of the dams. Direct genetic gain of EP, EM and EV were 4.16, 5.03 and 13.50 % ,respectively , when 70 % of the dams were selected

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Article
الفكر الاداري في تاريخ البخاري

المؤلفون: عبد الخضر جاسم حمادي
الصفحات: 19-28
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الخلاصة

A good facts had been given in Islamic Arabic state , these facts had been distributed in the translation of the book of ( AL_TARIKH AL- kebeer ) written by AL-Bukhary ,the characterstics of these translation that they were in short terms ant they canceled the predication hierarchy,this facts contained "ALNubua" age ,AL- "Rashdeen" age and Al Aumawi age , and the office management was became the important contain ion translation elements , and in the lineage to AL "walee" age ,the facts of death and birth has been known ,therefore the meeting and contact between the translates of AL-Bukhary books and the scientists .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الفكر الاداري في تاريخ البخاري

المؤلفون: عبد الخضر جاسم حمادي
الصفحات: 19-28
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الخلاصة

A good facts had been given in Islamic Arabic state , these facts had been distributed in the translation of the book of ( AL_TARIKH AL- kebeer ) written by AL-Bukhary ,the characterstics of these translation that they were in short terms ant they canceled the predication hierarchy,this facts contained "ALNubua" age ,AL- "Rashdeen" age and Al Aumawi age , and the office management was became the important contain ion translation elements , and in the lineage to AL "walee" age ,the facts of death and birth has been known ,therefore the meeting and contact between the translates of AL-Bukhary books and the scientists .

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Article
استخدام البرمجة الخطية في تحديد خطة الإنتاج المثلىوتحليل الحساسية لها

المؤلفون: محمد وفي الشمري
الصفحات: 26-36
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الخلاصة

The study included the importance of the perfect and ideal utilization of the limited resources of the economical unit. This will ensure the realization of maximum profits in order to secure the development and stability of the economical unit. The problem of the research was that the traditional manner to put the development and the stability of the economical unit. The hypothesis that says that the use of linear programming to put the production plan leads to providing relevant information was put under test. It is said that this hypothesis may help the management to specify the ideal production plan which will realize the maximum profits. A problem was surveyed in accordance with a linear programming model and then it's solution and then explaining the optimal solution economically , later sensitivity analysis towards it. The ideal capacity was analyzed. The meaning of shadow prices were surveyed (Collectively , analytically , classificatively and economical evaluation of activity aspects). Showing the balanced level at which the marginal revenue and marginal cost are in equilibrium

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Article
مقومات انشاء النص النثري عند النقاد العرب حتى القرن السادس الهجري

المؤلفون: نهى حسين كندوح --- حمزة فاضل يوسف
الصفحات: 28-50
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الخلاصة

The present study is concerred with the components of composing a prose text as illustrated by the theory of Arabic prose until the sixth century after Al.Hijra .It therefore analyses the ingredients of the prose text both spoken and written such as oratory , proverbs, rhymed prose, letters, wisdoms , and advice which impose high demands on the writer. The paper is an attempt to define the criteria of evaluating a prose text in terms of critics, opinions, the context in which it was said or written, its relation to the author reader . The paper includes an analysis of the major components of oratory and letters along with a conclusion which sums up its major findings

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Article
Thermal Effect on Viscoelastic Stress Analysis for Incompressible Material

المؤلفون: Montadher A. Muhammed
الصفحات: 29-38
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الخلاصة

This research permits to use a numerical method for Viscoelastic stress analysis , by using a three parameter model for linear incompressible material and assuming thermorehologically simple material with lower Poison's ratio. The profit of the method is included in this research using finite element method. Thermal effect is indicated here using WLF equation , and this increase the computational efficiency by taking a large time steps. Examples is indicated and comparison of the results with a software program (NASTRAN) and another references which used another methods for solutions will be done , as well as, the efficiency of the method will be discussed.

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Article
دور التلوث في انتشار الطفيليات المعوية بين سكان ناحية الكفل في محافظة بابل

المؤلفون: سماح احمد كاظم
الصفحات: 37-44
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الخلاصة

During the period from January 2005 till January 2006, an epidemiological study was conducted to investigate species and percentages of incidence of the intestinal parasites among AL – Kufel town of Babylon province. A total of 1312 faecal samples. Faecal specimens were firstly macroscopically examined and then microscopically by following the direct smear method in normal saline and iodine solutions. Ten intestinal parasites were detected five protozoan ( Entamoeba coli , Entamoeba histolytica , Giardia lamblia , Trichomonas hominis & Chilomastix mesnili ) and five helminthes ( Enterobius vermicularis , Ascaris lumbricoides , Hymenolepis nana , Trichuris trichiura & Ancylostoma duodenale ) percentages of incidence with these parasites were : ( 19.43 % , 17.37 % , 12.72 % , 4.34 % , 3.73 % , 8.38 % , 4.49 % , 6.25 % , 4.19 % , 2.13 % respectively .) . The overall percentage incidence of infection with these intestinal parasites in AL – Kufel tone was 83.07 %. The percentage incidence of single infection was 63.87 % against 15.62 % and 3.58 % for double and triple infections. No significant differences were noted in the percentage incidences of infection of males and females with all these intestinal parasites. The higher percentage was concentrated in small age stage than that in big age stage; also we show an increase of infectional percentage in summer season than that in winter season.

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Article
Serum Antioxidant Enzymes and Purification of Blood Cells Cu-Zn Superoxide Dismutase in Chronic Childhood Diarrhea

المؤلفون: Moaed O. Al-Gazally
الصفحات: 39-51
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الخلاصة

This study included two parts: the firstly, measurements the antioxidant enzymes activities [Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), Reduce Glutathione (GSH) and Glutathione –S- Transferase (GST)] and lipid peroxidation product (LPO) levels in sera of children healthy[control(n=35),male=16,females=15] and children with chronic diarrhea less than two years[patients (n=41), male=21,females=20].The results revealed that highly significant increasing in the SOD activity and LPO in sera of children with chronic diarrhea (p<0.01) in comparison with that of controls subjects. The results show depletion in the CAT, GSH and GST activities in sera of children with chronic diarrhea (p<0.01) to compared with control group. This increase and decrease in this enzyme in male more than female. The correlation between the level of GSH and SOD, GST.MDA. The results show highly negative correlation (significant) between GSH and (SOD, MDA) while weak positive correlation (no significant) between GSH and (GST, CAT). The secondly part from this study included the purification of erythrocytes Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase from control and children with chronic diarrhea by ion exchange chromatography, on a column (7×0.7 cm) of DEAE-Sepharose-CL-6B. The purification of SOD had a specific activity of 2956 U/mg protein(control) and 6502.6 U/mg protein for patients, and gave a single band on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and each of its to subunit has a molecular weight about[(18500 Daltons, control) , (18300 Daltons, children with chronic diarrhea)].

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Article
تصميم وتطوير منظومة مفتاح الشرارة الكاذبة لاستخدامها في بلازما ليزر بخار النحاس

المؤلفون: احمد جمعة مهوس --- الاء فرحان سلمان
الصفحات: 45-49
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الخلاصة

H.voltage switches are very important for using to drive high power lasers. Pseudo spark switch system was designed, its replace rather than high –power switch such as thyratron, and ordinary spark gap. Pseudo spark is another kind of electrical discharge of low gas (0.1-1) mbar yield in chamber has a special design. Pseudo spark switch was tested by using chamber contains special gas Ar in 0.1 mbar, the peak current 400A with rise time 20ns study the switching parameter of this system such as, recovery time ,jitter time, inductance, and the internal resistance during the break down case. Jitter time is ±10ns in the 15KV with frequency repetition about (1KHz).The pseudo spark switch was using drive the plasma tube of copper vapor laser and by this system get a best matching between discharge and charging circuit with out warms the system and compare the result with using thyratron at the same system .The trigger technique is surface discharge trigger, it is a thin copper disc beside the cathode, applied negative pulse (trigger pulse) 1KV, 04µs, there is no sensitive delay time between the main discharge and preionization discharge when the trigger applied at cathode .The life time of this system depends on the thickness, kind of insulation material in the main and trigger gap and the discharge parameter, specially the repetition frequency.

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Article
القوة بين الفكر التنظيمي والفقه الإسلامي

المؤلفون: أكرم محسن مهدي الياسري
الصفحات: 50-62
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الخلاصة

The power represents the main effective factor in operational organization and follows theoretical and applied studies in ideals and symbol statement, and its logical results, in clear terms the individual power, leaderships, power of department and organized unit, or power position and personal power ete.. The researcher found clear gap between these studies and applied moral and organizational ideas, Therefore it throws light upon the symbol of power in modern organizational ideas and Islamic studies by making use of Quranic sayings which deals with its variable different contenc by making suitable with organizations and individual behavior in our society. The research shows the following conclusions: o Basing of power according to Islamic terms leads to:  It finds the psychological state of faith and confidence and enforce Similiarites of personal knowledge with the aims of organization in which they work.  Reduction on managers from using coercive power or referent power. o Ability in finding measurable power according to Islamic studies. The research ended with a number of the following recommendations o Inviting individual and organizations to:  Preparing to get planned aims by using source of power according to organized ideas and Islamic studies.  Avoiding all sources of power which differentiate the right not to use the power which God does not permit us. o Basing Islamic introduction in study of organizational theory in specialized colleges and institutions

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Article
مظاهر الحياة الاجتماعية في بغداد في القرنين الخامس والسادس الهجريين من خلال كتاب المنتظم لأبن الجوزي

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الخلاصة

This paper tackles the activities of the Abbasid society (400-570 A. H). In Ibn Al-Jouzi "Al-muntadm".This study presents a clear picture of life in the time of Ibn Al-Jouzi, who succeeded to clearly describe the Baghdadi life and its activities through describing region facilities, school, libraries, festivals, occasions, markets, and public baths.The aforementioned activities took great attention from the people of Baghdad as a capital of the Islamic state (Khilafah). This makes Baghdad full of Facilities, the developing of the scientific monument, and the nourishing economic role.

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Article
Alterations of Vitamin "D" level in Sera of Iraqi Population

المؤلفون: Ahmed M.Issa --- Sana A. Ibraheem
الصفحات: 58-64
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الخلاصة

Vit D is a steroid aid to maintain the normal level of calcium in the circulation. It was measured by the high performance liquid chromatography technique. This technique was of choice in measuring the low levels of vit D in sera. In the current study 60 person (29 males and 31 females) enrolled to assess the level of this vitamin in their bodies. The main level of vit D was 19.21 ng/ml in both sexes and there are many significant differences between males and females in addition to a noticeable change in vit D level due to seasonal variation during summer and winter. The study emphasized on the importance of sun rays as a necessary tool to enhance the level of vit D and prevent vit D deficiency in both sexes

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Article
دراسة تأثير إزالة أوراق العنقود الثمري في بعض الصفات الكيميائية والفيزيائية لصنف العنب عجيمي Vitis vininfera L

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to know the effect of leaf removal of cluster on some chemical properties (Total sugars, reducing sugars, total soluble solids, Acidity and some internal plant hormones) and some physical properties (fresh and dry weight volume, diameter, length of grape berries).The results showed that leaf removal significantly affected on the chemical and physical properties, causing reducing the level of the sugars, total soluble solids, diameter, volume, length of berries, whereas there is no significant differences in total acidity and concentration of Auxins and Gibberellins-like substances while there is a significant decrease in Abscisic Acid-like Substances (ABA) level which measured by Bio assay

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Article
Study of the Biological Activity of Aqueous Extract of Cuminum cyminum L. and Hibiscus sabdariffa L. and Detection of Some Active Groups in them.
دراسة الفعالية الحيوية للمستخلصات المائية لنباتي الكمون والكجرات والكشف عن بعض المجاميع الفعالة فيها

المؤلفون: Hussein Kadhem Abdul Hussein --- Najeh Hashem Kadhem --- Zuhair Hamid Abbod
الصفحات: 65-72
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الخلاصة

The studies about the effect of plant extract against different types of bacteria are still one of the most important fields of researches because they are available, cheep, safe, and easy to use by not professional populations. In this work, two plant extracts (Hibiscus sabdariffa) and Cuminum cyminum) were tested for there possible biological activity against bacteria. Boiled aqueous extract of both plants at the following concentrations (1, 5, 10, and 20%) were used after cooling. Agar well diffusion was used to examine the biological activity of each extract and the results expressed as zone of inhibition in (mm). The bacteria used in this study are (Gram positive: Streptococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus) and (Gram negative: Pseudomonas pyogens, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella pneumoniae).The tests for functional groups that can be extracted by water were carried out. Hence Alkaloids, Saponines, Tannins, Glycosides were screened using a suitable method while oils noticed as upper layer (if present). At 1% concentration, there are no detectable inhibition zones of both aqueous extracts. The inhibition zones appeared at 5% and further inhibition showed as concentration increased. In general, the aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa has shown more biological activity than the corresponding concentration of Cuminum cyminum. The lowest activity was shown against Escherichia coli bacteria while the other bacteria showed different zone diameters as a response for the same concentration. In Cuminum cyminum there are detectable amounts of essential oils, glycosides and high amounts of tannins while alkaloids and saponines are not detectable using the described methods. In Hibiscus sabdariffa, there is a detectable amount of saponines, glycosides, and high amounts of tannins while there are no positive results for essential oils and alkaloids.In conclusion, the aqueous extracts of H. sabdariffa and Cuminum cyminum have antibacterial activity at concentrations ≥5%. Hibiscus sabdariffa has shown more biological activity than the corresponding concentration of Cuminum cyminum. This fact may be due, in part, to the presence of saponines in Hibiscus sabdariffa. The results can be explained through the presence of different active substances in the aqueous extract of both plants.


Article
بعض المعايير الوظيفية لمرضى الشرايين التاجية و معادلتها خطياً

المؤلفون: حسين علي عبد اللطيف
الصفحات: 72-84
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الخلاصة

The study was accomplished in the Concentration unit-Al-Husseini General Hospital / Karbala for some coronary heart disease patents after getting their approval. The sample was chosen at random including (175) CHD patients (100) of them were Angina pectoris patients and (75) were myocardial infarction patients. The effect of sex, age, weight, and smoking on the concentration level of lipid in blood and they are TCH (total cholesterol), HCL (high density lipoprotein), LDL (low density lipoprotein), TG triglycerides, GOT ., blood. like potassium K+ and Na+ and finding a correlation between age and body weight and those criteria. It is found that: -The increase in weight was associated with a significant increase which is (p<0.01) in TCH,LDL for CHD patients , there is also a significant increase which is (p<0.05) and (p<0.01) in TG for angina pectoris and myocardial infarction patients respectively. There is significant decrease which is (p<0.05) in HDL and Na+ for MI. patients. -Age has a significant effect in increasing TG for the MI. patients, and also there is a significant increase which is (p<0.05) in LDL for the AP. patients, and a significant decrease which is (p<0.05) in HDL for MI. patients and also a significant decrease which is (p<0.05) in Na+ patients of AP. patients. -Smoking le to a significant decrease (p<0.01) and (p<0.05) in HDL and Na+ respectively for the AP. patients and a significant decrease (p<0.01) in K+ and Na+ for the MI. patients. -A correlation has been achieved between body weight and lipid level in blood TCH, LDL, TG. And an opposite correlation for the HDL, K+, and Na+. -Linear equations were found by which the functional criteria values of blood could be counted depending on body weight and age

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Article
الفعالية البايولوجية، المستخلصات النباتية، الكجرات (Hibiscus sabdariffa)، الكمون (Cuminum cyminum) القلويدات، التانينات، الصابونينات، الكلايكوسيدات، الزيوت.
التقييم المايكروبي لبعض أنواع اللحوم في السوق المحلية لمدينة كربلاء المقدسة ، وتأثير الخزن عليها

المؤلفون: NAJEH HASHEM KADHEM
الصفحات: 73-81
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الخلاصة

This paper contains a study of the microbial content of the cow carcass and minced meat in butcher shops in Karbala city from 1-April-15May.The study also deals with the influence of normal storage under cold conditions and bad storage (25с° room temperature) in Iraqi current conditions on the development of the number of microbes under study which included: the aerobic plate count (APC), count of Total coliform ( TC.), the number of staphylococcus aureus , the total number of mold & yeast (M &Y). Checking the presence of Salmonella bacteria and also checking the Hydrogen number (PH) For the meat samples. It is noted that more than 66% of the cow carcass and the minced meat samples have shown that their negligence of international properties as regards the (APC) and the (TC).While the number of staphylococcus aureus were unaccepted in 50% and 30% of the cow carcass and minced meat respectively .As regards the molde and yeasts (M&Y), all meat samples were counter to the international properties and that’s the evidence of meat contamination in the external environment. The Salmonella bacteria were present in 66% of the cow carcass and in 33% of the minced meat. There was no significant effect in the increase or reduction of the presence of these bacteria for both types of meat whether storage under 5C° or 25C° .As regards the other microbial numbers , they developed remarkably and signs of perceptible damage for both types as well as storage temperature have been demonstrated and this is owing to the rise of the primary numbers for these tests and also due to the negligence of proper hygienic conditions that slaughterhouses should abide by, the slaughtering outside slaughterhouses, and the absence of hygienic control.

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Article
الصلات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية مع جنوب الصحراء الافريقية قبل ظهور الاسلام

المؤلفون: علي كسار غدير سلطان الغزالي
الصفحات: 76-88
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الخلاصة

This study involved social and economical connections with south of Africa desert before Islam. The civilization rised, growed and flourished by the banks of rivers.The beginnings of that civilization rised in Africa as well as other continents around the rivers.Peoples of Africa had practiced agriculture grow animals, moreover, they knew industry and it's importance. Trade and mariner land commercial road, and it's importance, in addition to, their knowledge of gold and bronze.The study subject that the area of Africa concentrated old connections back to that period through it's connections with Arab Homeland.Ancient Yamine , African east coast, and north with the south of Africa. The study involved the population and its classes, language, existing customs and traditions, religion and important worships as well as the economical situation including agriculture, growing of animals, kinds of industry and ways of trade.The study depended upon group of genuine Arabic references and modern secondary references, including Yakoot in Mo'ejam Albeldan "Dictionary of Countries", Almas'oodi in Morooj Aldahab "Greenlands of gold", the qalqashandi in Subh Alasha as well as other references.The study has conclusion which is the most prominent result reached by the researcher

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Article
ESSENTIAL OIL COMPOSITION OF LAVANDULA OFFICINALIS L. GROWN IN JORDAN
مكونات الزيت الطيار لنبات اللافندر LAVANDULA OFFICINALIS L. المزروع في الاردن

المؤلفون: Saad A. Ihsan
الصفحات: 81-21
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الخلاصة

Essential oils isolated by steam distillation from the fresh and dry flowers of Lavandula officinalis L., the oil yields were (1.35% , 3.8%) respectively . Oils were analyzed by GC, among 26 compounds identified , the major components were 1,8 – cineole (18.9% , 20.3%) , linalool (34.2%,33.0%) and borneol (12.1%, 11.0%), respectively .

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Article
Solution of Fractional Differential Equations by Using Variational Approach
حل المعادلات التفاضلية الكسريه بأستخدام الصياغة التغايرية

المؤلفون: Fadhel S. Fadhel --- Basim K. AL-Sultani
الصفحات: 82-89
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we modify a new approach based on variational techniques for solving fractional differential equations of the form: y()  F(x, y) y(1)(x0)  y0, where 0 <  < 1 This approach has its bases on using Magri’s approach (see [8] )for every linear operator, the results are established using direct Ritz method as well as optimization method to solve these fractional differential equations numerically.

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Article
العلاقات السياسية بين نجد وشرق الاردن (1921 – 1933)

المؤلفون: فيصل عبد الجبار عبد علي النصيري
الصفحات: 84-92
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الخلاصة

Finally , Result the interests of Strategically Britain in Najeed and east Jordon , The Britain State are Following policy between Abdulla and Abn- Saud with out conjuncture of relation between the Najeed and east Jordon By advert of ceremonial a know leading with them for guarantee of the Britain business in Najeed and east Jordon . So , the Britain could remove the conjuncture and battles between Najeed – east Jordon For Supported the interests and the business by catch filaments of the policy in the Najeed and east Jordon

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Article
أيجاد موديل رياضي لتقييم أداء محطة تصفية مياه الشرب ومصدر تجهيزها بالماء الخام

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الخلاصة

In this research an experiment work was done to study and analysis the physical, chemical, and Biological data for (1) the raw water that entering the Mussaib Tech. Institute treatment plant from the main source (M.M. Canal). (2) Raw water on the stream line of the Canal for 15 Km distance from the upstream in the North of Mussaib city, in (7) stations on the line stream (2.5 Km) between each fallowing two stations in the studying period from 1/3/2005 to 31/8/2005 (3) the settled and treated water without using any coagulants in the same period in the first item. (4) with this period also for settled and treated water with using alum as coagulant. The results was discussed and the figures show the limitation of the plant performance and the validity or the suitability of the Canal raw water according to the Iraqi standards of the drinking water. The results illustrated than the max. value of the turbidity in the Canal in a year not reach 30 NTU, the settling tank efficiency is not good because of the accumulated collected sludge reaches (3m) from the height (8.5m) after (6) months for bad existing hydraulic disposal system. There is well filter performance. The observed canal data illustrate that all the variables are under the Iraqi standards guide line for raw water unless the variable (NO2-), and the agriculture areas that the canal flows through it, effect on the canal water characteristics. The observed data was Analyzed statistically with [SPSS 7.5 windows 98] to determine the correlation matrix, Descriptive statistical, and the Regression relationship. The result is in the acceptable degree and in the degree of significant level for the mentioned-items-are: 1- Intake Raw W., [ Turb.(NTU) =22.38 – 0.919 TSS (mg/L )], R2 = 0.919 2- a- settled W. Without [ Trub. (NTU) = 35.348-0.742 SO4(mg/L)-0.45Mg(mg/L)], R2 = 0.933 b- treated W. Without., [Turb.(NTU)=-1.907+0.833 TSS(mg/L)+0.584 Temp. °C ] , R2 = 0.893 3-a- settled W. With., [Trub.(NTU)=12.976-0.929 TSS (mg/L)], R2=0.929 b- treated W. With., [Trub.(NTU)=-4.182-0764 TSS(mg/L)] R2=0.764.

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Article
The effect of the odd electron on the IR characteristics (frequency and intensity) of fulvene radical anion. Theoretical study.

المؤلفون: J. H. Ali, A. M. Bashi --- S. M. Hadowi
الصفحات: 90-97
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الخلاصة

The IR characteristics (frequency and intensity) of fulvene and its radical anion have been predicted by method based on MINDO/3-FORCES calculation. The changes in the ir characteristics accompanying the conversion of the neutral fulvene into the corresponding fulvene radical anion have been estimated. The calculation predicts, in most significant changes, a decrease in ir frequency of stretching and deformation vibrations in fulvene radical anion and an increase in the corresponding ir intensities. The change is more pronounced in the case of methylene wagging vibration. The calculated decrease in frequency of this mode is 455 cm-1 and the corresponding increase in the ir intensity is about 13.4 times.

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Article
دراسة الألفاظ فرنسية الأصل في قاموس الفارسية

المؤلفون: عبد علي كاظم جلاب الفتلاوي
الصفحات: 93-105
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الخلاصة

After rapid review of Persian Dictionary which it include the vocabulary of the origin of French language and Persian language, we can conclude this study with many results which may encourage the learners for more inquiry in this subject. These are the result: The Persian Dictionary includes more then (370) French words from the total number of the Dictionary which has 20000 words in the book. The French words belongs to inventors, modern inventors which appear in the industry, economic, social field and other human activity. The words are borrowed from French Language as Iran increases it's communication with West since nineteen Century and quoted from the modern civilization in West. Some French words are written in Persian language descriptor not in Latin language so as to make use of it's facility in the study or reading especially after it is mastered by stress. Many of the French words which are included in the Persian Dictionary have the Persian letters (ژ , گ , چ , پ ) which are shaped between French and Persian language. The pronunciation of French utterances are similar to Persian utterances so it was said "Western French" The appearance of written information and written books by using these vocabulary which helped in it's spread and stability.

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Article
Stress hypergly cemia as prognostic criteria in stroke patient

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الخلاصة

Back ground and purpose Stress hyperglycemia may associate with increase mortality and poor functional recovery in non-diabetic patients after stroke (1) , and this study was done to clarify this relationship. 2-Objective 1- To study the effect of stress hyperglycemia on prognosis and mortality in stroke patients. 2- To compare the results with normoglycemic patients and diabetic stroke patients. 3- To determine whether this stress hyperglycemia occurs more in infarction or hemorrhagic stroke. 3-Method The effect of stress hyperglycemia on prognosis and mortality in stroke Patients was studied in (50) patients who were admitted to Merjan Teaching hospital by measuring random blood glucose for each patient and assess the severity of stroke by applying Scandinavian stroke scale (SSS) For each patient also type of stroke whether hemorrhagic or infarction was studied in each patient. 4- Results A total number of 50 patients were studied, 19 (38%) were normoglycemic, 17 (34%) patients had stress hyperglycemia, and 14 (28%) were diabetic patients. Group (1) Normal patients (no history of diabetes and didn’t develop hyperglycemia after stroke). Group (2) Stress hyperglycemic patients (no history of diabetes and developed hyperglycemia after stroke). Group (3) Diabetic patients (already diabetics before stroke). (SSS) was highest in group (1) followed by group (3) and was worse in group (2) that was statistically significant. There was no significant difference in mortality among these groups (P >0.05). Also there was no significant difference between hemorrhage and infarction among three groups. Key words: Stroke, hyperglycemia.

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Article
WATER RELATION IN ONIONS: 1- INFLUENCE OF PLANT POPULATIONS AND INTERVAL OF FLOWERING STALK ERADICATIONS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF GREEN AND DRY BULBS OF ONIONS (Allium cepa L. cv. Local Red) GROWN UNDER RAINFALLS AND SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION
العلاقة المائية في البصل: 1- تأثير الكثافات النباتية وفترات إزالة الشماريخ الزهرية على النمو والحاصل الجاف والأخضر للبصل النامي تحت الأمطار والري التكميلي

المؤلفون: Caser G. Abdel
الصفحات: 105-112
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الخلاصة

This experiment was carried out during the growing season of 2001-2002 and repeated in 2003-2004 in Mosul to investigate the effects of plant populations and intervals of flowering stalk removal on growth , dry bulbs and green yields of onions grown under irrigated and non-irrigated cultivations. The results of 2001-2002 growing season showed that supplementary irrigated onions significantly increased leaf fresh weight (14.4%), root dry matter percentage (7%), as compared to these of rainfalls. Low onion plant population (18 plants.m‾²) was superior over high onion plant population (36 plants. m‾²), as it substantially increased leaf numbers per plant (27.3%), leaf fresh weight (19.7%), fresh weight of dry bulb (25.9%), and yield of dry bulbs (62%). Moreover, this population significantly exceeded high population in 2003-2004 growing season in leaf fresh weight per plant (27.2%), bulb: leaves ratio (7.7%), and fresh weight of individual plant (6.7%). Weekly eradication of flowering stalks in 2001-2002 growing season appeared to be the most potent treatment, as it highly increased leaf numbers per plant (28.6%), bulb: leaves ratio (219%), bulb fresh weight (265%), yield of dry bulbs (263%), and root fresh weight (15.1%), in relation to that of no flowering stalk elimination which resulted in profound dry bulb yield reductions. On the other hand in 2003-2004 growing season, treatment of no flowering stalk eradication was superior on others, particularly on weekly eradication of flowering stalks, as it significantly increased the plant height (6.9%), leaf fresh weight (52.6%), and green onion yield (26.3%). The highest dry onion bulb yield (3.1 kg.m‾²) and green onion yield (6.64 kg.m‾²) were obtained from supplementary irrigated high onion population of weekly flowering stalk eradication, respectively, during 2001-2002 and 2003-2004 growing seasons.

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Article
مدينة الرَّيّ دراسة في أحوالها العامة من الفتح العربي الإسلامي حتى نهاية القرن السادس الهجري

المؤلفون: إنتصار لطيف حسن السبتي
الصفحات: 106-133
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الخلاصة

This paper is devoted to the study of the city "Ari" one the cities of the mounting province in the Islamic east, since the Arabic Islamic invasion and up to the end of sixth century after Hijra.This study tackles different aspects (geographic, economic, Historic, ethnic, and scientific). The paper sheds light on the role of Arab muslims in introducing Islam to this rebellious city, muslims succeeded in introducing Islam due to their belief in Islam, and the good treatment of Arabs to the people of this city. Islam made radical changes in believes and conventions in this city and this resulted among these changes the scientific moment.

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Article
القيم الأخلاقية عند العرب المسلمين أبان فتح الأندلس 91 – 95هـ

المؤلفون: عباس جبير سلطان التميمي
الصفحات: 134-165
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الخلاصة

This paper locuses on the morals of Arab muslims in time of Al-Andalus invasion (91-95 A.H). The morals that muslims possessed when they crossed the sea carrying the flag of God. Sacrificing with everything. Even their lives.Muslims act kneed people from slavery and other evils and making them true believes of God. Islam rearranged peoples' social, economic, and political affairs, making their city one of the land marks of Islam. Due to its success in Andalus it also affected europ as attempting saving people their from their my sires. Thus, Islam was not only political, but an attempt to provide salvation, and mercy to all humanity, in spite of the views of some western travelers in the east.

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Article
المهدوية و العصمة و أثرها على خلفاء الموحدين (( دراسة نقدية ))

المؤلفون: عبد الكريم خيطان
الصفحات: 166-176
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الخلاصة

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Article
الحس الوطني والقومي في شعرأحمد الصافي النجفي

المؤلفون: حسين عدنان مهدي
الصفحات: 177-196
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الخلاصة

Ahmmed Safi AL. Najafi is considered as a poiner of the innorative Iraqi poets who care of the happenings of their state . These happenings influence their thoughs , tgere fore , their writings carry the people’s pains and express thire feeling of stste belonging .It is no doubt for any peet who has a social message of people’s pains and whishes , he will be influencial in the national , native and human area .Ahmmed Safi Al.najafi expresses his inside national feelings .These feelings are very important to him in that they contain what may flourish and derelop his statye in particular and the Arab world in particular.The research rereals the subjects of the poems as reiated to what has presented above. The first section deals with the qualities of his feeling to his contry.The second section deals with his national feeling , this is a chiered by the detailed analysis of his poems.There fore , the reader can get a culture of art andcriticism.

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Article
المنصوب على التوسع في العربية

المؤلفون: نجاح فاهم العبيدي --- وئام يوسف نصرالله
الصفحات: 197-209
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الخلاصة

" Accusative by expansion " sanctioned by common usage not by analogy is a term facilitated and changed from one state into another by the Arabs . They spread in its agent an energy that cannot be acquired without a supporter ; assessing its power to reach it by itself and put it in an accusative state . It is natural for the Arabs to do so since they skilled in their language and transferred it from reality to metaphor when they noticed that there was a hidden relation between them ; thus establishing their linguistic inimitability Arabic is recognized by its purity of style and strength which made them spread their feelings by expanding it in thought , meaning , and vocabulary . According to expansion , the Arabs used a means of ( dropping the preposition and putting the noun an accusative case ) . It is named also ( omission and transmission ) . Opinions of some grammarians , who accepted this phenomena or refused it , are mentioned in this really i.e. not a hypothetic or peculiar one . The conclusions , arrived at in this study , are : 1 – The Arabs daring and braue nature is reflected on their language , thus ; acquiring their temper and habits . This shows the liveliness , continuity , and activity of this language . 2- The expansion of Arabic that recognized it from other languages . 3- The continuity of this language with the Arabs surroundings and environment

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جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: