جدول المحتويات

مجلة التربية الرياضية

ISSN: 20736452
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: التربية الرياضية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تعد مجلة التربية الرياضية أول مجلة علمية تخصصية رصينة والتي تهتم بكافة البحوث الخاصة بعلوم الرياضة تصدر من الكلية الأم (كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة- جامعة بغداد) كل ثلاثة أشهر بواقع أربعة أعداد في السنة

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone No.:
00964-7901319459
00964-7705831422

E-mail:
jopebu@cope.uobaghdad.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2010 المجلد: 22 العدد: 3

Article
Evaluating masure the psychologis't forces for standardized questioner for handball players
تقنين مقياس الضغوط النفسية لدى لاعبي دوري النخبة بكرة اليد للموسم 2007 – 2008

المؤلفون: wafaa turky alkrare وفاء تركي الغريري
الصفحات: 1-17
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الخلاصة

The first chapter contains the introduction with the importance of sport psychologist forces which impose the players that clemand study this change to know the level of these forces and treat them. Also aim of this research to evaluating the standard of the psychologist forces for. Stadarized questioner for hand ball players represented the Iraq leaque. The second chapter has the study of psychologist forces for hand ball players and the sources of these forces by using the survey style and the sample of building the scale for hand ball players of super level in Iraq which involves (171) players form (13) clubs. The survey procedures were to practice the style which involve (27) step divided loy six aspects and they were corrected the style with four substitutions. The fourth chapter was evaluating the procedures. It was found of through groups . the results were to accept three from six factors and the lost practical procedures were evaluating were to derine the masure standend by using the degree of (T. score Norm). Also form the results of this research were to accept three factors and they were colled and the number of standered were (14) steps

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of training rated the efficiency of performance and some physiological indicators of squash players
تأثير التدريب المقنن في كفاءة الأداء وبعض المؤشرات الفسيولوجية للاعبي الإسكواش

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الخلاصة

The introduction of research and its importance Included , the importance of science training, squash, and should not ignore team coaches tests physiological as an accurate indicator of the effect of pregnancy training in addition to diagnosing the health status and physiological athletes, modify, change and correct what is required from the instructor, training curriculum and the player . The research problem lies in the lack of consideration of the indicators of physiological squash player as well as non-use of modules inhalers which is working to develop the efficiency of some indicators, physiological, such as heart rate at rest (HR-r.) and stroke volume heart (SV-r) and cardiac output (COP- r.) and high blood pressure and low index and vital capacity (VC) of squash players. The research aims to: 1. Study the impact of the training legalized in some physiological indicators of squash players. 2. Study the impact of the training rated the efficiency of the performance of the squash players. From the application of the experimental method is adequate to resolve the problem of the research has reached the sample (11) player Squash young people and ages (17-19) years, was assisted by researchers including the following: tools, analyze the content of scientific sources, the tests of basic skills, experiences reconnaissance, Standards tests, research tools, vocabulary for the application of the proposed training curriculum, the tests before and after study, the proposed training methodology, statistical methods used in the search. Stated in the conclusions reached by the researchers a clear evolution of the efficiency of the heart of productivity and the economic convenience of the low number of times the heart rate HR-r and the high volume of blood paid SV-r in every strike that led to the adaptation of cardiac output C.OP-r as the evolution of accuracy and Mtaulp speed skills tactical players squash Kaldharbp front and backhand, which confirms these recommendations to the importance of applying vocabulary training curriculum rated the players squash youth after he had confirmed that the results were positive Vsljia, physically and Mharria and tactical as well as the emphasis on testing the general health and physiological measurements for each player squash before participating in the representation of the national teams of Iraq and for all age groups

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
An Analytical Study Of Some Kinematical Variables Affecting The Start Of Backstroke Comparison Between National Iraqi Swimmers and An International Swimmer
دراسة تحليلية مقارنة لبعض المتغيرات الكينماتيكية المؤثرة في بداية سباحة الظهر بين سباحي المنتخب الوطني العراقي وسباح عالمي

المؤلفون: Ahmed Thamir Muhsin أحمــد ثامــر محســن
الصفحات: 48-75
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الخلاصة

the Importance of the study lies in the role of kinematical variables in achievements and especially in swimming. Swimming is one of the sports that developed along with the development of technique whether in swimming motion, start or turning. Identifying the technique of the best world swimming champion will help identify the weaknesses and strengths of Iraqi swimmers. The problem of the research lies in the differences in race times especially speed races in Iraqi swimmers compared to the international swimmer. This difference in race times is very huge while it should be splits of the seconds. This encouraged the researcher to study this problem by identifying the weaknesses in Iraqi swimmers' kinematical variables during the performance of backstroke start that plays an important role in shortening the total race time. The procedures of the research:The researcher used the descriptive method. The subjects were (4) Iraqi backstroke league swimmers as well as one international swimmer taken as a model. The Iraqi swimmers were videotaped using camera type Sony with 25 frame /second during the training campus held in turkey in preparations for the eleventh Arabic tournament. A comparison was made between the Iraqi swimmers and the model in some kinematical variables that affect the start of backstroke using dartfish program for analyses. The researcher concluded the following: 1. The international swimmer's achievement in backstroke in the start was better that that of Iraqi swimmers. 2. The best starting achievement in the international swimmer over Iraqi swimmers was due to the speed and angle of release indicate in turn perfect kinematical variables that affect starting backstroke. Finally the he recommended the following; 1. The necessity of training on the start phase of backstroke aiming at the lowest time possible and making sure to push the legs in the perfect manner which allows better horizontal impulse. 2. Artistic performance according to kinematical standards can be easily seen the performance of the international model.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of A Training Program On Developing Motor Response Speed While Performing Some Basic Skills In Handball
تأثير المنهج التدريبي على سرعة الاستجابة الحركية وأداء بعض المهارات الأساسية بكرة اليد

المؤلفون: Raad Khenjer رعــد خنجــر حمــدان
الصفحات: 76-100
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الخلاصة

The sport of handball is rich with varieties in performances, skills and the repetitions of defensive and offensive skills. It depends on the player's abilities, skills and tactics to achieve the best results. The speed of motor response is one of the abilities that play an important role in performing the basic skills and defensive and offensive tactics. Thus the researcher came up with a training program that will develop the speed of motor response while performing the basic skills in handball. The aim of the research is to identify the effect of the training program on the development of skill performance. The researcher used the experimental method. The subjects were (16) handball players from Al Jaish Athletic club. The researcher came up with many conclusions; the most important one is that the training program has a positive effect in developing the basic skills of handball. Finally, he recommended that the proposed training program should be used by coaches to develop the players' performance and making similar studies on other subjects.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Analyzing some of the Biokinematic Variables for one of Nineveh Champions in 110m Hurdles
تتبع مسار الطاقة الميكانيكية للأداء حركة التسوكاهارا المكورة على طاولة القفز وعلاقتها بمستوى انجاز ناشئ الجمناستك

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الخلاصة

The study is mainly dealing with the large developments of the athletic stadiums, the kinetic performance of 110m hurdles and the role of mechanical analysis in this aspect. The study aims at identifying the values of some biokinematic variables for one of Nineveh champions in 110m hurdles. Descriptive approach with survey is used for it is suitable with the study and the study sample consists of one runner (one of Nineveh champions in 110m hurdles. Data were collected through video recording and some of computer software were used in analysis including Excel, AutoCAD 2009, Premear, I filma. The study, based on the results obtained, concludes the following: • The study sample have not achieved the good values for some of the biokinematic variables examined. • The weak skill performance for the study sample has indirectly affected the digital performance level.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Training Speed According To Power – Work Based on Rest Periods to Improve Bio Energy and Its Reflections On kinetic Energy and Achieving 100m
تدريب السرعة وفق القدرة – الشغل بالاعتماد على فترات الراحة لتحسين الطاقة الحيوية وانعكاسها على الطاقة الحركية وإنجاز 100م

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الخلاصة

The development of bio energy of 100m runner leads to an increase in muscle proficiency to cover the distance with less time thus moving the runners mass from starting line to finish line as fast as possible due to the runner's high bio energy that reflect muscle work. Since body mass and average of speed indicates the motor energy of a runner during race, this energy could be developed by increasing the proficiency of the working bio energy in certain events using special training requirements. This form of training based on rest periods enables ATP – CP to regain its previous status between training sessions. The importance of the research lies in concentrating on rebuilding bio energy in Iraqi 100m youths runners through recovery periods and their reflection on motor energy during special speed training. The effects of these training styles has not been used before in improving the level of bio energy in this event as well as its effect on kinetic energy of runners during muscular work to cover the race distance with the highest level of proficiency. Aims of the research: 1. Identifying muscle work (kinetic energy) in Iraqi runners in different phases of the race 2. Identifying the effect of the training program based on rest periods on the development of bio energy and their reflection on kinetic energy through power and work law. The Hypotheses Of The research : 1. There are significant differences in motor energy indicators using proper rest periods for different phases of the race between pre and posttests. 2. There are significant differences on special speed indicators and achievement between pre and posttests. The researchers used the experimental method. The subjects were seven 100m runners. The researchers used many training methods on short distance runners: 1. Absolute Speed training 2. Special Race Speed Training. The researchers concluded the following: 1. The ability of runners developed during 30m and 50m acceleration due to using recovery periods that allowed the rebuilding of ATP – CP which indicates that time and kinetic energy develop according to these tests. 2. There was an improvement in average absolute speed and its kinetic energy that is achieved in 70m test. 3. There is a development in 60m test results in posttests which indicated a development in the physiological level. 4. Continuing the training program achieved good physical and physiological adaptation that lead to the development of achieving 100m running.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Tracing the development of cognitive variables, regardless kinesthetic sense to learn and retain some kind of Olympic swimming
تتبع اثر تنميه بغض متغيرات الادراك الحس حركي على تعلم واحتفاظ بعض انواع السباحة الاولمبية

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الخلاصة

The effect of some develop kinesthetic variables on learning and retaining some swimming styles. This study aims to recognizing the effect of some develop kinesthetic perception variables on learning various swimming styles .The researcher has used the experimental method through conducting a pre-test and a post test for three experimental groups and three control groups. A premeditated homogeneous sample was chosen . it consists of 30 adults who study physical education at Baghdad university. this sample was divided in to 6 groups 5 adults for each group the six groups where pre-tested. then the proposed training kinesthetic perception program was carried out for a period of 8 weeks, with a frequency of 1 hour training ,3 days a week .The t-test was used for identical pairs to test the differences in the variables of the study in pre-test and post test. The result showed significant differences between the pre- test and post –test on the study variables in favor of the pre-test to the experimental groups with (Kinesthetic perception),results of control groups showed significant differences between pre-test and post-test on the study variables to the post-test. The result of both experimental and controlled groups showed significant differences between both of post-test on the study variables and skill performance and retaining to experimental groups with kinesthetic perception. The study there for recommends to use kinesthetic perception programs to learn various swimming styles

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of training exercises Albulayomterc in the development of forms of muscular strength of lower limbs to accomplish the long jump
تأثير تدريبات تمرينات البلايومترك في تطوير أشكال القوة العضلية للأطراف السفلى لإنجاز الوثب الطويل

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الخلاصة

This study contains five chapters the first one consists of introduction and importance which deals with effect of using pliometeric exercises in growing muscular strength on low limbs and complete achiement with less energy and time . It is experimental program that consist of (40) women students from Diyla university – college of sport education . The researcher used in this study tests of muscular strength for each of explosion power and statistic method (spss) . The researcher get to ; 1. The using of Pliometeric exercises regularly os active of increase explsion power for muscles of limbs . 2. The growth of explosion power for muscle of limbs , back and arms with using Pliometeric exercises effect positive in improve the level of achievement in long Jump for student . 3. The growth of speed power for muscles of stomach , back and arms by using Pliometeric effect positive to improve the level of achievement in long Jump for students .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
General Sports Injured and Reasons in Fencing Sport
انواع الاصابات الرياضية الشائعة واسبابها في رياضة المبارزة

المؤلفون: shaeama ahmed abdl kareem شيماء احمد عبد الكريم
الصفحات: 203-230
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الخلاصة

Fencing is primarily considered one of the most competitive sport games where a high amount of friction is occurred. according to the nature of the game. in the three weapons played(foil. Epee and Saber). Fencers are likely to get hurt or injured through the competitions or camps. When injured. a player might be unable to compete or maintain his performance. besides; the possibility of having another injury is highly expected. In order to have all these kinds of injuries decreased one has to exactly recognize the nature. positions and reasons of such injuries and that what the procedural research is meant to study using the descriptive method (Survey Study) which deals with the nature of targets. 147 fencers have been deliberately chosen with a list of survey that contains types. areas and reasons of injuries. After having that list distributed on the accredited samples. statistical processes have been considered in accordance with sex. Results were displayed in tables and were analyzed and discussed. a number of conclusions and recommendations have been inferred in terms of trying as far as possible to reduce or prevent physical injuries also to get the fencers set in competitions so they can give the best they have.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ASSEMBLE AND STANDARIZED TWO POWER TESTS AND THE RELATCONSHIP BETWEEN SHORT DEFFENCE RANGE AND RETREAT IN HAND BALL
بناء وتقنين اختباري القدرة البدنية (القوة المميزة بالسرعة) و التحركات الدفاعية قصيرة المدى والرجوع بميل بكرة اليد والعلاقة بينهم

المؤلفون: masharaq kaleal fathee مشــرق خليــل فتحــي
الصفحات: 231-259
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الخلاصة

In handball the player can not accomplish good a achieve meant without especial physical Abilities . the aim of the study are: A: assemble and standardized two power tests which help defensives players B: identify the relationship between especial power and defensive skills the study used survey design with correlation. Subjects were students of some colleges of physical education In Iraq. The study came up with some results which are : the proposed tests showed effectiveness in identifying the correlations between the two variables the study recommended practice in explosive power because it is the most indication which reflect defenses skills . more over the study recommended using these tests in future projects and researches .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of using physical skill exercises for devl0ping power speed for passing in soccer
تأثير استخدام تمرينات بدنيةمهارية لتطوير القوة السريعة والسرعة الحركية للمناولة بكرة القدم

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الخلاصة

The that represent power speed the skill full aspect represent s motor pee e study c0ntains the importance of physical aspect d for aim of stdy is to know effect of skill exercises in develpping Experimental group the 17-19 years the players are divided in to gro

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Using a Mental image with a Motor rhythm and Their Effect on Control a motion of breath and arms in free style swimming
استخدام التصور الذهني المصاحب للايقاع الحركي واثره في ضبط التنفس مع حركة الذراعين في السباحة الحرة

المؤلفون: mustafa salah aldean aziz مصطفى صلاح الدين عزيز
الصفحات: 281-311
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الخلاصة

The problem of the research lied in learning a control of breath with arms motion , and late a development of student ability to learn a two motions and swimm a distance . The aim of the study is to identify the efect of using a mental image with motor rhythm on control a motion of breath and arms in free style swimming . The researcher used the experimental method to achieve the hypothesis of the research . The researcher hypothesized the existence of positive effect after using a mental image with motor rhythm on Control a motion of breath and arms in free style swimming. The subjects were (40) first year college of physical education students. They were divided into two equal groups; the controlling group and the experimental group. the experimental group that used the exercises of mental image with motor rhythm in learning but the controlling group that did not use them . The researcher used a test of breath with arms motion to know a level of subjects in free styl swimming . after the data was collected and treated statistically using t ــ test ‚ the researcher concluded that the controlling motion of breath with arms can be developed using a mental image with motor rhythm exercises during a learning swimming . Finally‚ the researcher recommended to using a mental image with motor rhythm exercises to learn students controlling of breath and arms motion in free styl swimming . He also recommended making similar researches using a mental image with motor rhythm exercises to develop other motion and other types of swimming stroke .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Platform for therapeutic effect by using a mechanical device designed to evaluate the flat foot is flexible and the development of some motor skills
تأثير منهاج علاجي باستخدام جهاز ميكانيكي مصمم لتقويم تسطح القدم المرن وتنمية بعض القدرات الحركية

المؤلفون: hussen hade atea حسـن هـادي عطيـة
الصفحات: 312-332
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الخلاصة

The perfect bodily of children is very important issue for society’s health generally and children’s health specially because of their desire to achieve their hops or dreams by participate in football schools which its aims to prepare players for clubs or teams in future , but step by step we are discover these players suffer from Posture Deformities effective on the progress continue of their players’ such as Flexible Flatfoot , so our study focused on prepared therapeutic program in accordance with scientific principles and it is assessment by professionals , this program depend on technical Apparatus so as to meliorate of the flexible flatfoot to many Children simple during 12 weeks and after that the researcher got the positive effective about their flexible flatfoot Which Lead to an increase their dynamic abilities .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Factorial Study Of The Importance Of Some Flexibility and Muscular Strength With the Shape Of The Body For Badminton Players
دراسية عاملية لأهمية بعض أوجه القوة العضلية والمرونة وشكل الجسم لدى لاعبي الريشة الطائرة

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الخلاصة

Physical traits and body measurements are considered that base for testing athletes according to their sport. It is said that however good the coaches' abilities they can't make a champion without the athlete having the proper physical traits and body measurements suitable for that sport. The importance of the research lies in identifying some forms of muscular strength and flexibility as well as the unique body shape of badminton players. The aims of the research is to specify the physical abilities tests and body measurements as factors suitable for labeling as well as identifying the factorial aspect of physical tests and body measurements for badminton players. The research was applied on (50) badminton players of the ages (14 – 16 years) from 15 athletic clubs of the season 2008 – 2009. The research included (9) physical tests for measuring power defined by speed and explosive power and (15) body measurements. Factorial analysis was used to conclude (8) factors. The variables of the research were as follows; the first factor thigh and lower limb index, lower limb, trunk width index, the second factor sitting from laying position (30 sec), from standing position and flexing and extending the knees (20sec), skeleton index (20), third factor trunk bender from standing position, forth factor, wide jump, medicine ball pushing with the hands (3kgm) and chest height). Finally the researchers came up with a set of conclusions and recommendations.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The power of the ego and its relation to the psychological pressures of players clubs Baghdad excellent degree of handball
قوة الأنا وعلاقتها بالضغوط النفسية لدى لاعبي أندية بغداد للدرجة الممتازة بكرة اليد

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الخلاصة

The research includes the introduction and the value of the study. It investigates that Handball is one of the team games which is characterized by the effect of the players performance through the competition by many psychological variables, such as ego strength and stresses. The aims were identifying the ego strength and the stresses on the players, and identifying the relation between them, while the hypothesis was that a significant relation between the ego strength and the stresses. The researcher follows a descriptive style in investigating super Handball, and got that is a significant relation between the players, ego strength and the stresses, and the researcher recommends that is necessary to increase the coaches' interesting in players, psychological guidance and help them to solve there problems.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect devrenit siez the sqwer the using awey play on developing some basics skills of game football for physical capacities
أثر تباين قياس المناطق المحددة لأستخدامها بأسلوب اللعب لتطوير بعض المهارات الأساسية لدى لاعبي كرة القدم

المؤلفون: Mowaffaq Obeis Khudair موفــق عبيــس خضيــر
الصفحات: 384-399
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الخلاصة

The thesis includes five parts , whereas,the first part includes the thesis itself and its significane, and we had talked bout the problem of the thesis ,and its targets,itssupposes and at lastthe theree demotinns of the research place ,time ,and humanitarian . While the second part included studying of method whereas making knowno on the away the Training in the sqwar between siez limted and away using in training same the basics in football and style on developing same basics skills and basics and dribbling. Whereas the third part talks about the program of thesis and its procedures in the yards , we were making know and studied sample of the thesis used,foom the college of physical Eduction/ second stage/Health department as the researcher is teacher in the college of physical education /University of Baghdad, and How can associate and talked about his experiences which has practiced and talked about the before testing and main experiences and the test after and making statistic which had been in the thesis. The fourth part , had talked showing and analysis and discussion the results of the thesis which he reached and known the method of developing the Thebasics skills and super. The fifth part talked about the conclusion and recommendations that given by the researcher, as the research had talked about program of Training unit and other recommendations and page of the references .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect Of transfer of Learning and changing between The accursy and speed power of serve skill in tennis for students
أفضلية انتقال اثر التعلم المتبادل بين الدقة وسرعة قوة الإرسال لمهارة الإرسال بالتنس للطلاب

المؤلفون: tahsen hosni tahsen تحسيــن حسنــي تحسيــن
الصفحات: 400-415
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الخلاصة

The aims of the study to invistigat obout the effect of Transfer of learning between The accuracy and speed Power of serve skill in tennis . The Subjects in the study was (30) students enroa lled in The college of physical education ot university of Bobylon. They were divided to three groups, the first group Was practic firstly on accuracy drills. The second Group practic was practic firstly on speed power drills, The Third group (control group)wasn’t Practice on Both of them. The results revealed that asignificant effect Of learing And trans fer of learning . The Best group was The first group That practice on accuracy First and The speed power secondly.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of the rope jumping exercise in some lipid profile for the obese females participants in fitness and health programs
اثر تمرين الوثب بالحبل في بعض صور الدهون لدى البدينات المشاركات في برامج اللياقة والصحة

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الخلاصة

The effect of the rope jumping exercise in some lipid profile for the obese females participants in fitness and health programs was investigation on (10) adult obese females from Talkef secondary school , their mean Ages , Weights ,and Heights was (16 SD ±0.73 yrs),(78.5 SD ±1.34 kg),(1.58 SD ± 4.84 m) respectively . The procedures of the research included pre test (before applying the program of the rope jumping), applying the program of the rope jumping exercise(suggested from Mohamad Nasr Alden Rathwan (1984), and post test (after applying the program of the rope jumping). The test include Measuring of Total cholesterol (TC), Very low density lipoproteins cholesterol (VLDL), High density lipoprotein -cholesterol (HDL-C), Low density lipoprotein -cholesterol (LDL-C), and Triglycerides (TG) before and after applying the program of the rope jumping . This study concluded that program of the rope jumping exercise for (8) weeks causes significant decrease in Total cholesterol (TC), Very low density lipoproteins cholesterol (VLDL), Low density lipoprotein -cholesterol (LDL-C), and Triglycerides (TG). While causes significant increase in High density lipoprotein -cholesterol (HDL-C).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluating of sportۥs morals of the Students of Physical Education and sport. departments in the University of Mosul
تقويم الأخلاق الرياضية لدى طلاب كلية وأقسام التربية الرياضية في جامعة الموصل

المؤلفون: Alaa Abdullah Hussein آلاء عبد الله حسيـن
الصفحات: 438-464
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الخلاصة

The study aimed at evaluating of sportۥs morals of Physical Education and sport. department Students . It also aimed at identifying the scope in which the percentage of sportۥs morals increases, and the researcher hypothesized that there is a high level of sportۥs morals In addition, the level of sportۥs morals of the individuals of the sample under study varies according to the variability of the scopes. The researcher used the questionnaire as a means for collecting data. The sample of the study consisted of students of college and department of Physical Education-class(4). The researcher used the arithmetical mean, standard deviation, centesimal weight, simple correlative coefficient, and discrepancy analysis (T) as means for collecting data. The researcher found that there is a good level of sportۥs morals.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of walking and sitting on heart beats recovery after aerobic respiration
أثر استخدام وضعي المشي والجلوس على استشفاء النبض القلبي بعد جهد بالقدرة الهوائية

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الخلاصة

This paper includes scientific and technical development in different fields, especially athletic field including such a development in athletic field and its elements of intensity and blocking, rest times and the process of air and non air strain. The importance of this study lies in the recovery and best position an athlete takes according to the sort of strain and its impact on some functional factors. As for the problem of the study, it tackles the suffering of the track and field games' coaches and because of the increase in the number of the repetitions and totals which leads to the athlete to tiredness. The better way to be on the exact body location after air strain is also crystallized. The aims of the study are:  Introducing the average of heart-beats after the strain for (1, 3, 5)from recovery minutes in walking and sitting positions.  Introducing the difference in the average of heart-beats after the strain for (1, 3, 5) from recovery minutes in walking and sitting positions. The tasks of the study;  There are statistical indication difference in the average of heart-beats after the strain for (1, 3, 5) from recovery minutes in walking and sitting positions. The researchers use the descriptive syllables in a comparable method for its suitability to the nature and goals of the study. The sample of the study. Moreover, includes (7) students of college of Physical Education-Koya University. The researcher finally reaches out the following conclusions.  There are moral differences in the average of heart beats between the position s of walking and sitting in the period before strain and for the interest of walking positions.  There are moral differences in the average of heart beats between the position s of walking and sitting in the period of recovery after the air strain in the first five minutes and for the interest of sitting position.  Sitting position can be used to recover between training groups or after finishing from the training unit.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Impact exercises Mtaulp force in the development of precision performance of some basic skills volleyball
تأثير تمرينات مطاولة القوة في تطوير دقة أداء بعض المهارات الأساسية بالكرة الطائرة

المؤلفون: Jinan Naji Zwein جنــان ناجــي زويــن
الصفحات: 485-513
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الخلاصة

The aim of the research is to identify the effect of strength stamina on the development of performance accuracy of some basic skills in volleyball. Strength stamina is considered one of the most important components of physical fitness that a volley ball player should possess. Volleyball required fast speed performance to transform defensive play into offensive play and vise versa. The nature of performance in volleyball highly depends on the athlete's proficiency in the basic skills as well as his/her ability to manipulate them tactically. Although the size of the court is rather small, the athlete requires high level of fitness to cover the court in defense and offence situations. Thus the researcher focused on developing these skills through strength stamina. The researcher used the experimental method. The subjects were 30 volleyball players. The results showed significant statistical differences in the subjects of the research in pre and posttests and in favor of posttests. Finally the researcher recommended concentrating on developing the basic skills of volleyball through strength stamina exercises. She also recommended using other types of stamina due to their great effect on developing the accuracy of performing the basic skills in volleyball

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Article
A comparative study in creative thinking and study habits among students of the Faculty of Physical Education
دراسة مقارنة في التفكير الابداعي والعادات الدراسية بين طلبة كلية التربية الرياضية

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الخلاصة

The students represent the essence and purpose of the educational process, content and due to the fact that academic achievement, good is not achieved acceptable manner to meet the objectives and requirements of the educational process is not exercised students good study habits because weaknesses in academic achievement is not due to the low degree of intelligence or lack of effort of the educated or non-tilt to study or engage in sporting activities but because of the move away from the optimal use of the procedures and methods used by students when dealing with the requirements of the educational situation so should contribute to the learning styles and methods and to engage in sports activities in the development of innovative thinking among the students of the Faculty of Physical Education, and the importance of research is being an attempt to identify the differences between individual students and students of the Faculty of Physical Education / University of Baghdad in the capabilities of creative thinking (fluency, flexibility and originality) and academic achievement, and depending on the different school stages. The objectives of the research are: 1. Identify the degree of innovative thinking among the students of the Faculty of Physical Education / University of Baghdad. 2. Recognize the significance of the differences in the capabilities of innovative thinking among students and three female students. 3. Recognize the significance of the differences in the capabilities of innovative thinking among the three first-grade students and fourth. 4. Identify the study habits of students of the Faculty of Physical Education / University of Baghdad. 5. Recognize the significance of differences in study habits between male and female students. 6. Recognize the significance of differences in study habits between students of the first row and fourth. The traditional sample of students in grades first and fourth in the Physical Education College / University of Baghdad for the academic year 2008 - 2009 m's (240) students, was the use of tools the first to measure the innovative thinking and the second to measure the study habits of university students, after processing the data statistically presented and interpreted and that was reached the following conclusions following: 1. That students of the Faculty of Physical Education / University of Baghdad, have the capacity of fluency more of my ability and originality, flexibility and possessing the ability of flexibility was much higher than the capacity of originality. 2. There are impacts for undergraduate study in the growth of innovative thinking, because fourth-graders have had more impact than the first-grade students. 3. The students of the Faculty of Physical Education / University of Baghdad, to have all the creative thinking abilities are better than that of the students. 4. That fourth-graders were practicing the habits of study better than first-grade students. 5. The students of the Faculty of Physical Education / University of Baghdad, to have the practice of study habits are better than that of the students. While the recommendations were as follows: 1. Tdrisie the Physical Education College / University of Baghdad, under the guidance of students towards the practice of positive study habits in the practical and theoretical lessons. 2. Preparation programs for college students working on the development of innovative thinking to have. 3. Provide counseling services to first-grade students work to help them to identify the values and methods of undergraduate university study and academic habits. 4. The possibility of doing similar studies through the application of scales on the samples were not addressed the present study.

الكلمات الدلالية

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