Table of content

ADAB AL-BASRAH

آداب البصرة

ISSN: 18148212
Publisher: Basrah University
Faculty: Arts
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

A Scientific refereed Journal issued by the deanery of college of arts – Basra University. This journal is concerned with the publication of papers on languages, literature and other areas of the humanities submitted by Iraqi and non-Iraqi researchers. The first Volume was issued in 1968. And four volumes are published annually.

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Web Site : http://www.basrahadab.com/ar/home
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Email:adabalbasrah.journal@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2009 volume: issue:49

Article
Life outside the current Read the poem "will feather of a bird .. and Mary for us," The poet Kadhim Al-Hajjaj
الحياة خارج الراهن قراءة في قصيدة " ستعود الريشة للطائر .. ومريم لنا " للشاعر كاظم الحّجاج


Article
Find Eve (Wife imagined narrative poets at Tramps)
البحث عن حواء ( الزوجة متخيلاً سردياً عند الشعراء الصعاليك )


Article
A Study of Focalization in Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway

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Abstract

This study is primarily concerned with applying Genette`s narratological framework of focalization to the study of Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway. It aims to pursue an approach for insights about the working of narrative by looking into indicators of subjectivity. The study falls into two parts. The first part deals with theoretical considerations concerning the genesis of the term and typology. As far as genesis of the term is concerned, there is number of labels suggested by well-known scholars as equivalent to focalization. Genette uses focalization to avoid the visual connotations of Brook's 'focus of narration', Stanzel`s ' narrative situation', Pouillon`s 'vision', and Todorov`s ' aspect'. As far as typology is concerned, there are two main types of focalization, namely internal and external focalization. Internal focalization, in turn, is divided into three sub-types (fixed, variable and multiple). The second part applies Genette`s focalization to Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway. As a modernist novel, Mrs. Dalloway reflects the heavy use of focalization. Although this novel is written with the third person narration, in so many instances point of view differs and a number of focalizers operate. The reader is invited to enter the story and experience it without frequent interruptions from external narration. This is very obvious in the adopting of variable internal focalization. Every character is given a significant voice, which produces the sense that people experience realities differently, have unique ways of making sense of it and different ways of seeing it.


Article

Article
The situation of Iranian women under Reza Shah Pahlawi reforms and the position of the religious establishment (1925 - 1941)
أوضاع المراة الإيرانية في ظل إصلاحات رضا شاه بهلوي وموقف المؤسسة الدينية ( 1925 - 1941)

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Abstract

أولى رضا شاه بهلوي الذي حكم إيران للمدة من 1925 – 1941 المراة الإيرانية عناية خاصة في إصلاحاته الاجتماعية بعد توليه العرش. وتركزت جهوده على محاور ثلاثة، وهي إلغاء الحجاب، وإحداث تغييرات في قوانين الزواج والطلاق، وتوسيع فرص التعليم للمرآة. وفي عام 1936 أصدر رضا شاه بهلوي قرارا ألغى فيه الحجاب، وطلب تنفيذ القرار حتى لو كان بالقوة، الأمر الذي لم يرض غالبية الشعب الإيراني، فادت الإجراءات التعسفية التي اتبعتها الحكومة الإيرانية لتطبيق القرار، إلى تأثيرات على عدة أوساط وفئات لم تكن مهيأة لتقبل هذه الخطوة، ولاسيما رجال الدين، الأمر الذي أدى إلى اصطدام بين الطرفين، وجعل رضا شاه بهلوي يهاجم الامتيازات التي منحت لهم، بسلسلة من الإصلاحات التي استهدفت وضعهم الاجتماعي وقوتهم السياسية. وعلى الرغم من ذلك استمر رضا شاه بهلوي بإصلاحاته للمرآة، وتمكن من تطبيقها بما فيها منع الحجاب، وقوانين أخرى تخص المرآة.

Table of content: volume: issue:49