جدول المحتويات

مجلة التربية الرياضية

ISSN: 20736452
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: التربية الرياضية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تعد مجلة التربية الرياضية أول مجلة علمية تخصصية رصينة والتي تهتم بكافة البحوث الخاصة بعلوم الرياضة تصدر من الكلية الأم (كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة- جامعة بغداد) كل ثلاثة أشهر بواقع أربعة أعداد في السنة

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone No.:
00964-7901319459
00964-7705831422

E-mail:
jopebu@cope.uobaghdad.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2011 المجلد: 23 العدد: 3

Article
The Effect Of Using Two Strategies for Individual and Team Work On Learning Artistic Performance In 5000m Walking Event
تأثير استخدام أستراجيتين للعمل الفـردي والجماعي في تعلم الأداء الفني لفعاليـة المشي الرياضي 5000 متر

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الخلاصة

The research tackled applying two strategies of learning; the first strategy is individual work. In this strategy Self – Checked learning style was used. While in the other strategy was team work in which cooperative learning was used. The aims of the research were:  Identifying the effect of cooperative learning on learning and developing artistic performance in 5000m walking event.  Identifying the effect of self – checked learning on learning and developing artistic performance in 5000m walking event.  Designing a teaching program with both self- checked and cooperative learning styles. The researchers hypothesized the following:  There are significant statistical difference between pre and posttests for both experimental groups.  There are significant statistical differences in the posttests between the two experimental groups. The researchers used the experimental method on 20 high school students. They were equally divided into two experimental groups. The data was collected and treated using proper statistical operations. The researchers came up with many conclusions that proved that there are significant statistical difference between pre and posttests for both experimental groups in favor of posttests. In addition to that, they concluded that there are significant statistical differences between in the posttests in favor of the self- checked group. The researchers recommend using self – checked style to learn this skills as well as making similar studies using different strategies to develop this sport .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Relation between completion time ran some different distances some indications Alkimaouhiatih in the blood serum of a hostile national team and field arena for young people
علاقة زمن أنجاز ركض بعض المسافات المختلفة ببعض الدلالات الكيميوحياتية في مصل الدم لدى عدائي المنتخب الوطني بالساحة والميدان للشباب

المؤلفون: ameal saber ali أمل صابر علـي
الصفحات: 22-44
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الخلاصة

The Aim of study to know to Correlations between of the Running the destines (100, 400, 1500) m & in same of Biochemical Markers (CPK, LDH. Ca, Mg). In it study using Correlation research. And choose the subjects from the (30) Athletes and divide it three groups at the amateur A Running. The Conclusions of research are deferens in Correlations between of the Running the destines (100, 400, 1500) m & in same of Biochemical Markers (CPK, LDH. Ca, Mg). We know that err in the training.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Transitional Speed and Its relationship with Dribbling Speed in Futsal Players
السرعة الأنتقالية وعلاقتها بسرعة الدحرجة لدى لاعبي خماسي كرة القدم

المؤلفون: wamed shameal kamel وميض شامل كامل
الصفحات: 45-59
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الخلاصة

The first chapter included the introduction, problem, aims and hypotheses of the research. The training process includes preparing the players physically and skillfully. The key for performance completion is the linking between the physical aspect and the skillful aspect. The importance of the research lies in linking some physical abilities with the most important skill in futsal which is dribbling. In chapter two, the researcher tackled theoretical and similar studies. The procedures of the research were tackled in chapter three. The researcher selected the descriptive method. The subjects were (10) futsal league players. The researcher conducted a pilot study to identify the validity of the tests then the tests were applied on the subjects of the research. Chapter four included the display, discussion and analyses of the results based on statistical operations. The results showed a significant correlations relationship among the variables understudy. The final chapter; chapter five, tackled many recommendations that the researcher came up with in the light of the results.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
According to some feedback variables Albyukinmetekih using optical methods to help and their impact on the development of the performance of some of the skills in tennis
التغذية الراجعة وفق بعض المتغيرات البيوكينماتيكية بأستخدام وسائل بصرية مساعدة واثرها في تطوير اداء بعض المهارات في التنس

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الخلاصة

Many scholars and researchers in the field of Physical Education study the factors and elements of physical, mechanical and psychological ... and other factors that have an active role in the educational process as to their impact in the field of learning skills as motor correct and ideal, as these factors play an important role in the learning process from beginners , learn skills in the game of tennis sources confirm the importance of always start teaching her gradually, and through the use of methods of modern educational which give positive effect in the speed of learning and mastery of form which does not lead to stability and not to forget. to learn any skill need to confined, the most important is the feedback, because the performance and the implementation of the skill requires the player to lead this skill repeatedly down to the automatic , through the control of movements and analyzed with the coach or self-analysis of those skills. The research problem; the trainers used in most cases means verbal to give direct feedback to the players, and in many of these cases does not emphasize the angles which achieved when you apply special skills and that can not appear from the coach to the player only by using technical means to help direct observation of what has been the performance by the player in order to enhance the player's information correction associated with the performance and therefore can do the skills the economy of high-power and flow to good bring him the technical performance right and Outstanding Achievement, and believes the researchers of this type of nutrition will contribute to the achievement of good ,enhance the situation of training and learning when you apply Skills strike the front and back in tennis. The objectives of the research were: 1 - identify the level of technical performance to blow the front and back in tennis. 2 - Identify the impact of feedback, according to some variables bio –kinematics in the development of the performance level of skill strike the ground the front and back in tennis. The research hypotheses: 1 - There are significant differences between the tests before and after both experimental and control groups. 2 - There are significant differences between the post tests for the two sets of research in the variables under study for the experimental group. The most important conclusions appointed; 1 - The emphasis on education after corrective information has ensured the evolution of the level of performance for a player better than the rest of the usual ways to learn the skill. 2 - to practice accompanied by visual feedback according to mechanical conditions given the opportunity to gain skilled strike the front and rear and ensured the required accuracy in voltage requirements of less 3 - to feedback additional worked to develop a sense of the experimental group gestures when weighted front and rear status preparatory and gave a positive effect on the evolution of performance to them after it was stressed that there should be suitable for the application of weighted least time possible and the importance of this to gain the required speed of the mechanical side. 4 - The emphasis on achieving the goal of beating the application stage, by providing the joints to urge him to go beating the biggest possible amount of momentum during the collision with the ball through the feedback has given the reactions of the members of the experimental group by controlling the angles of the joints working .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Preparing a measurement for the level of aspiration among students of Physical Education college – university of Baghdad , and its aplication
اعداد مقياس مستوى الطموح لطلبة كلية التربية الرياضية في جامعة بغداد وتطبيقه

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الخلاصة

The study aims at Preparing a measurement of the aspiration level among male students and female students to acquire a know ledge of the aspiration level of the sample used in the research and the differences in the level of aspiration among male and female students of the most important ranges of aspiration according to the outlook of both male and female students. The two researchers used the descriptive method in the surveying device the sample of the research contains (270 )male students and(9)female students in% 36,62 from the society of the research chosen from students in the physical Education college in the university of Baghdad. The two researchers prepared the measurement made of 46 items distribute on five spaces .the validity and the reliability were founded by using the statistical method for sociological sciences (Spss). One of the most important deduction of the research is finding a raise in the aspiration level of the sample and the differences in the level according to its field and the absence of morale differences between male students and female students in the aspiration level. The researchers suggested many instructions;its most important suggestion are :paying attention for students aspiration and goals by sport principals and bring to light the positive and realistic and to make more similar students in the university students milieu .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Obstacles and problems facing the Premier League coaches football-Season 2009-2010 in accordance with the vision of trainers
المعوقات والمشاكل التي تواجه مدربو الدوري الممتاز بكرة القدم للموسم الكروي2009-2010 وفقا لرؤية المدربين

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الخلاصة

The research aim at identifying the problem that hinder the coaches` work from the coaches `point of view . The study included six fields: coaches, players, club, federation, media, organization and finance of the sport. The researcher used scanning metod on 36 club coaches of 2009-2010 sezon The researcher came up with many conclusions including the following:- 1- Psychological pressure on chaos and interfering in their affairs as wellas firing them in cases of losing . 2- The clubs do not own fields of their own and some of them don't even have places for practices which affect their artistic level and the coaches' work . 3- Not activating the coaches' committee rights in addition to not holding raining courses . 4-There is no league for all age groups . 5- Harsh criticism. Of coaches by the media smatter that places great pressure on the coach which he negatively reflects on his players . 6-There is no financial income because of the low level of teams.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Use some scoring jumping exercises varied according anaerobic endurance and their impact on the accuracy and amplitude correction اللااوكسجينية the budding basketball players
استخدام بعض تمرينات التهديف بالقفز المتنوعة وفق التحمل اللاهوائي وتأثيرها في دقة التصويب والسعة اللااوكسجينية لدى لاعبي الناشئين بكرة السلة

المؤلفون: Firas Mutashar Abdolreza فراس مطشر عبد الرضا
الصفحات: 171-191
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الخلاصة

Using some jump shooting drills in anaerobic endurance and it effect on shooting accuracy & anaerobic capacity for basketball players Basketball consider a game that needs a several physical & physiological demands and it effect positively in winning in game , the problem of research was there is a wide percentage of coaches using skills drills to develop physiological abilities , the researcher used experimental method ,and the sample were al hilla players ages (14-16) yrs , after we get the results and treated statistically , the conclusions was that the shooting drills efeect postivelyy on research varables and the recommendation was to use the shooting drills instead of physical drills to devolve physical indicators.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Influence the style of learning to play games by using engineering and mathematics in the development of some Physical abilities, motor and motor control by first-grade primary
تأثير اسلوب التعلم باللعب باستخدام الالعاب الحركية والرياضيات في تطوير بعض القدرات البدنية والحركية والتحكم الحركي لتلاميذ الصف الاول الابتدائي

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الخلاصة

Her civilized nations childhood roller and directed their attention especially to the belief that Hwlahm the future men and Emad development therefore had to be of interest to that phase and to find methods of modern educational Troy and satisfy the needs of the child motor, cognitive, came to the style of learning to play as an educational treatment are independent of the play activities in the acquisition and expansion horizons of knowledge and aspects of mobility for the child, due to the lack of existing studies to the curricula of special education style learning to play, including includes games, engineering and mathematics, aimed at the development of physical abilities, motor and motor control of children aged (6-7 years) came the current study, an attempt to address that problem. The research aims to the following: - Disclosure on the impact of learning style of playing games by using the (engineering and mathematics) in the development of some physical abilities, motor and motor control by first-grade primary. Detect differences between the learning style of playing games by using the (engineering and mathematics) in the development of some physical abilities, motor and motor control by first-grade primary. Alnmenhj was also used to fit the experimental nature of the research. The research community has been selected in a deliberate from the School of Abu Dhar al-Ghaghara for boys in the portfolio of Nineveh for the academic year (2010-2011), who are (80) pupils, and after exclusion (10) students to conduct commercial reconnaissance them, and (8) of the repeaters and (2) students who have a disability activist, a sample of (60) male students from the first primary school Abu Dhar al-Ghaghara for boys, was a coherence and Altkavo and experience reconnaissance and measurement tribal and sell used curriculum Games engineering and Games Mathematics has been a telemetric been reached to the data after conduct the following statistical methods and eventually reach the researchers to the following: - 1 - Has the style of play learning games using sophisticated engineering in physical abilities, motor and motor control with the exception of skill (running a distance of 15 m) of the students of the first experimental group. 2 - Made the style of play learning games using the mathematics developed in all physical abilities, motor and motor control in the experimental group II. 3 - Physical Education has studied the traditional development in the physical abilities, motor and motor control with the exception of my skills (broad jump and sit from lying down). 4 - Than pupils of the experimental group on the second experimental group in the first test firing in skills (throw the ball soft, oblique lie down, stand on one foot, and snap shooting, kicking). 5 - The experimental group than the second control group in the post test my skills in the objective commentator, kicking, throwing and snap).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Suggest programs for sport education lesson and it's influence in the growth of physical fitness elements
منهاج مقترح لدرس التربية الرياضية وأثرهُ في تنمية بعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية

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الخلاصة

The aim of research is : Preparation teaching program for sport education lesson to pro some laments fitness for first secondary first class , and to know how program influence develop some fitness elements for research sample. The researchers hypothesis there are statistical differences between pre. And post – test to the expense and controlling group in some fitness elements for the after post – test in addition to the differences results between after tests for exercise and controlling group in some fitness elements for controlling group. The experimental curriculum used the research sample include ( 50 ) secondary pupils , ( 25 ) pupils in each group. Conclusion : - There are influence for suggestion program in some fitness elements development. Recommendation : - The important of total development for all fitness elements.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Kinetic effect of using stories in the development of creative thinking for kindergarten kids
أثر استخدام القصص الحركية في تنمية التفكير الابداعي لاطفال الروضة

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الخلاصة

The researchers with her experiences and masters ideas declare the research problem which is the kindergarten popular activity which surrounded with classical cover in the contents specialist in physical education , that will not enable the way to the children to development there ability creative ,there is the question about the activity of small games and movieng stories to development there ability creative ,therefore The researchers setup an educational program include some of motor stories which include some of sport games then knowing the effect of these stories on the research sample .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Impact of verbal feedback and started to learn some skills on the Prancing Horse
تأثير التغذية الراجعة اللفظية والمكتوبة في تعلم بعض المهارات على حصان القفز

المؤلفون: Mayada Khalid Jassim ميادة خالد جاسم
الصفحات: 305-329
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الخلاصة

The Thesis included five sections - The First section ( Introduction ): It includes Introduction and research importance and the importance of movement skills in ground gymnastics and how to learn it according to scientific basis represented by feedback. The researcher used two types of feedback the pronounced and written. Also it contained the problem of the research and how to limit it that the presenting of feedback does not occur according to scientific basis but it presented randomly without any organizing so it will be very weak. Aims of Research 1- Prepare a learning procedure by using of feedback (pronounced and written) in learning of some of movement skills in ground gymnastics. 2- Be acquainted with the influence of feedback (pronounced and written) in learning these skills. 3- Be acquainted with any styles (pronounced or written), it is more effective in learning these skills. - Research hypothesis 1- There were dissimilarities with statistics significance between before and after tests in learning some of movement skills in ground gymnastics. 2- There were dissimilarities with statistics significance for the after tests results with benefit to the two experimented groups. Second Section: It deals with theoretical studies and prior studies. Third Section: Research procedure The procedure used in the research is ( Experimental research) and the samples consist of ( 16 student ) male gender were distributed into two experimental groups .The program took ( 11 learning unit , one unit for every group weekly . Fourth section: View, analyze and discuss results. It ensures the researcher approach from results after applying a group of statistics means. Fifth Section: Results and Recommendations Results: 1- The Feedback has a positive influence in presenting it. 2- Types of feedback are very necessary in learning process. 3- The shape of feedback has an influence in learning process. Recommendation 1- Stressing on using feedback regardless of its type in learning process. 2- Keep away from the ways that do not use feedback. 3- Basing on correcting information (written and pronounced) in the same time.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Recreational activity and its importance in the development of self-confidence for the disabled
النشاط الترويحي وأهميته في تطوير الثقه بالنفس للمعاقين

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الخلاصة

Contains a search on the three axes I / included Introduction and research problem, which confirmed the Mallterbah sports role in human happiness and well-being, also contained this axis on the importance of research and the need for it and found as well as the objectives of the research, namely, (identify the impact of physical activity on the development of self-confidence for the disabled and identify the impact of physical activity in integration of the disabled community, in addition to the research questions and identify the most important terms used in the research). Included a second axis (theoretical framework), which contained several topics revolved around disability (causes and types) and similar studies. The third axis Vahtoy on measures that dealt with research (research method - the same research - research - experience and reconnaissance) was also fitted with the questionnaire and the appendix in the search results Finally, the researcher referred to the conclusions and recommendations, and installation of the references

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Development of fair play in the world championships last three handball and its relationship to cancel the penalty of expulsion in international law amendments in 2010
تطور اللعب النظيف في بطولات العالم الثلاثة الاخيرة بكرة اليد وعلاقته بالغاء عقوبة الطرد في تعديلات القانون الدولي عام 2010

المؤلفون: Saad Mohsen Ismail سعد محسن أسماعيل
الصفحات: 344-368
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الخلاصة

The research problem focused in two questions, first: are the IHF successful through its continuous amendments to the rules of the game to reduce Fouls and Unsportsmanlike in the last three Handball World Championship 2005, 2007, 2009? Second: was the decision of the IHF to cancel the penalty of exclusion in 2010 amendment is right? The research sample is twenty-four teams participate in the three tournaments. As show through tables and statistics that the rate of fair play in the continuous improvement from tournament to another, as illustrated in the three tournaments in a row that in one game the rates of warning are (6 – 5.59 - 6.19) and rates of suspension (2 minutes) are (11.65 - 8.2 - 8) and rates of disqalification are (0.59 – 0. 38 - 0.26) and the rates of exclusion are (0.01- 0.0 - 0.0), also indicated that the penalty of exclusion occurred only once during the three tournaments. As occurred in the championship in 2005 and has not been any case of exclusion in both the 2007 and 2009, all these results demonstrate verify of the research aims

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Different Teaching Designs And Their Effect On Learning Speed And Retention of Some Basic Skills In Basketball
نماذج تعليمية مختلفة وأثرها في سرعة التعلم والاحتفاظ لبعض المهارات الأساسية بكرة السلة

المؤلفون: Maisa Latif Salman ميساء لطيف سلمان
الصفحات: 369-402
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الخلاصة

Incorporating modern teaching styles in teaching designs' evaluations has an important role on developing the level of performance and learning retention. There are many traditional teaching styles that developed through the centuries yet the most modern one is communication theory that depends on systems approach. The aim of the study is to identify the effect of the applied teaching designed on learning and retaining some basic skills of basketball as well as identifying the best learning style in retention, time of performance and the number of teaching units. In addition to that, the research aimed at finding the best teaching designed followed in the research. The research hypothesized the following: 1. There are statistical differences in the effects of teaching designs on learning some basic skills in basketball. 2. There are differences in learning times among the applied designs. 3. There are statistical differences between the teaching designs in the posttests that show that the oral teaching was the best design. The researcher concluded the following: 1. All teaching designs proved their effect on learning and retaining the basic basketball skills. 2. The first group scored the highest average of retention in passing. This group applied display of skill and practicing on it and the same is true with free throw. The second group scored the highest average in retention of pivot that applied trail and error practice. 3. The second group that used trail and error practice was the fastest in learning and is considered the best followed by the fifth group, forth group and third group respectively in learning pivoting. The second group that applied trail and error practice the fastest learning and is considered the best followed by the fifth group, the forth and the third group respectively in free throw .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The predictive value of the speed of handling the ball in terms of motor speed for a man of football players applicants
القيمة التنبؤية لسرعة مناولة الكرة بدلالة السرعة الحركية للرجل للاعبي كرة القدم المتقدمين

المؤلفون: Mohammed Mattar irak محمـد مطـر عـراك
الصفحات: 403-425
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الخلاصة

Is handling the ball in the game of football, being one of the skills that depend on it and that require the player having the potential and qualifications of the physical (motor speed for a man). . . Acquired a player of high-speed mobility for a man, make him able to perform fast ball handling, agility and hit the ground running in the right place and the situation during the game, and that means you can not separate the skill of handling, foot speed of a motor practical nor practical in the field of play. Thus came the main objectives of the research as follows: 1 - know the relationship between the speed of the ball handling and speed of the motor man of the sample in question. 2 - Knowing the proportion of the contribution of motor speed of the man handling the ball quickly to the sample in question. 3 - to predict the ball quickly handling of the sample in question in terms of motor speed for a man to have. To achieve these objectives the researcher use th descriptiveapproach with his style survey and study of relational ties, while the search toolswere football players applicants belonging to Diwaniyah Sports Club / Iraq, as well as the means of data collection. . . After a series ofoperational procedures of the tests on the research, and to ensure their validity, began a researcher carrying out the test key, and using statistical methods appropriate to address the results to serve the research and achieve goals, to reach: that the speed of handling the ball relationship to the fact that a function with the speed the kinetics of the man, and that increase in the value of motor speed for a man accompanied by an increase in the speed of handling the ball .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Impact of proposed exercises according to some biomechanical variables in the development of Angle of flaying the ball and accuracy return the topspin serve in tennis
تأثير تمرينات مقترحة وفق بعض المتغيرات البايوميكانيكية في تطوير زاوية طيران الكرة ودقة إرجاع إرسال الدوران العلوي بالتنس

المؤلفون: Abdullah Latif Abdullah عبد الله لطيف عبد الله
الصفحات: 426-453
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الخلاصة

The aims of the study were : - Understanding the values of some biomechanical variables during the performance of the return the top spin serve in tennis to the research sample . - Making proposed exercises to some biomechanical variables For Developing The Angle of flaying the ball and Accuracy return the top spin serve in tennis . - Identifying the effect of the suggested exercises For Developing The Angle of flaying the ball and Accuracy return the top spin serve in tennis The Hypothesis Of the Study : - There are significant differences between the pre and post tests for research sample for Developing The Angle of flaying the ball and Accuracy return the top spin serve in tennis and in favor of the post tests The researcher used the experimental method. He used one group with two tests; pre tests and post tests. The subjects were four young elite tennis players from the union tennis branch of the Erbil town , and the final sample numbers (5) players , The researcher used many apparatus and tools , and using (5) cameras for analysis , one fast camera from them . the analysis procedure on return the serve for knowing some biomechanical variables it relates the player and ball . and using many statistics aides (SPSS and Excel) programs to taking Results for display , analysis and discussion . The researcher concluded that : - Achieved The flight path of the ball best levels as result of application of proposed exercises to the research sample , reduced variables (maximum height of the ball , maximum height of the ball the moment when crossing the net , angle of flight the ball) and reached to half in each of the (return the serve by forehand strike , return the serve by backhand strike and return the serve in general) . - contributed to the proposed exercises according to some biomechanical variables to improves the accuracy in return the serve significantly in the post-test for pre-test . - contributed to the proposed exercises according to some biomechanical variables to increase the speed in return the serve significantly in the post-test for pre-test . Finally the researcher recommended the following : - It's necessary to take advantage to backhand swing and increase acceleration in forehand swing and hit the ball in maximum height with concentration on feet work . - Designing a proposed apparatus for accurate serve , peed and accuracy to enable the players to train to return the serve by the apparatus .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect Of Using Special Exercises By Training Style For Growing Some Motor Abilities & Improving Long Jumping Event In Track & Field
أثر استخدام التمارين الخاصة بالاسلوب التدريبي على تنمية بعض القدرات الحركية وتحسين فعالية الوثب الطويل بالعاب القوى

المؤلفون: Sana Majid Mohamed سناء مجيد محمد
الصفحات: 454-483
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الخلاصة

The Training style is one of most common style that fit to lessons of physical education .As there are chances in teaching skills for so many students .Though the bases is education which means work ;there is no need to discuss any movement for students because training style make to increase movement of students and setting aside time to practice active. This style requires repeat in work and increase for feedback .It is the first style from set of styles that requires made decisions during teaching unit .The important of research contains attempt to know effect the effect of training style by using special exercises that do not use and applied in growth motor abilities and event of long jump in track and field as result of difficulties of application and students feel boring .So the problem is that students can not assimilating the lessons of activities and skills well. Aims are: 1-Knowing the effect of using special exercises by training style for growing motor abilities and improving event of long jump of track and field in lesson of physical education for high school. 2-Knowing the best style in growing motor abilities and improving event of long jump of track and field in lesson of physical education for high school. Hypothesis are : 1-There are differences that have significance function between two groups ;post-test & pre-test for two groups in growing motor abilities and improving event of long jumping of track and field. 2-There are differences that have statistic function in pre-test .The good side for group that used special training in training style in growing motor abilities and improving event of long jumping of track and field . The sample contains (60) students who divided randomly in to two groups ;controlling and experiment .Each group contains (30) student .The experimental group uses special exercises (training style) while controlling group uses (traditional style )that used in schools. Results are : 1- There are differences that have statistic function between two measures ;post-measure &pre-measure for two groups; controlling and experiment in motor abilities and wide jump .The good side refers on effect of using special exercises by training style for improving . 2- There are differences that have statistic function between two measures ;post-measure &pre-measure for two groups; controlling and experiment in select test of partridge (5)times on left foot . 3- There are differences that have statistic function between two groups; controlling and experiment in pre-measure of motor abilities and long jump .The good side is for experimental group. Recommendations are: 1-Using especial exercises by training style in lesson of physical education and fit to all ages and need fun and compete atmosphere is necessary. 2-Complete concentration is necessary for using other training style in growing physical & motor abilities for two gender. 3-Using special training style in lesson of physical education is necessary to improve events of track and field. 4-Make similar studies by using training style of lesson of physical education for two genders.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of standardized training curriculum in terms of concentration of lactic acid in the blood to carry the development of speed and performance in the 100-meter freestyle swimming for young people
تأثير منهج تدريبي مقنن بدلالة تركيز حامض اللاكتيك في الدم لتطوير تحمل السرعة والانجاز في سباحة 100م حرة للشباب

المؤلفون: Farqad Abdul-Jabbar Kadhim فرقد عبد الجبار كاظم
الصفحات: 484-505
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الخلاصة

The importance of research in the use of modern equipment and advanced to measure the concentration of lactic acid in the blood directly (field) in the regulation of pregnancy training, and a cornerstone for the training of the sport of swimming through the application of the training curriculum based on scientific grounds, the research problem lies in that the legalization of contraception training using modern equipment and sophisticated measuring the concentration of lactic acid in the blood directly in the course of training is not used previously in the sport of swimming training in Iraq. The research aims to: 1 - Identifying the training load to regulate the terms of the concentration of lactic acid in the blood, using a device (Lactate Pro) to measure lactic acid according to the training curriculum. 2 - Identifying the training load to regulate the carrying speed in the development and achievement of the pool (100 m) are free to young people (15-17) years. As for the hypotheses were: 1 - There are significant differences between the moral tests of tribal and post the lactic acid concentration in the blood, and for the post-test sample. 2 - There are significant differences between the moral tests of tribal and dimensional, and for post-test to test with the speed and performance for swimming (100 m) is free. In the research methodology and procedures of the field researcher has chosen the experimental method designed one group, and consisted of the sample (10) represent the national team swimmers to swim the youth Olympic Games, also included on the tests before and after the research sample. As for the main conclusions were: 1 - resulted in rationing exercises with speed by measuring the concentration of lactic acid in the blood on the ground using a device (Lactate Pro) to develop the index of lactic acid in the tests with your speed (125 m), and achievement in the pool (100 m) is free. 2 - The codification of the training load in terms of lactic acid concentration in the blood that developed the recipe with speed in free-swimming test for a distance (125 m) any of the distance between the most effective from a distance (100 m) freestyle. 3 - has systematized training to withstand the speed your development in the digital level to complete the pool (100 m) free for young people. While the most important recommendations: 1 - need to adopt a systematized training curriculum prepared by the researcher in training young swimmers to develop a recipe with speed in the sport of swimming. 2 - dependence on the concentration index of lactic acid in the blood to regulate the training load gives an indication of being a true reflection of training on internal overload. 3 - Use of modern devices and techniques that measure physiological indicators in the field training in the codification of pregnancy, instead of traditional methods and techniques in training .

الكلمات الدلالية

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