جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2007 المجلد: 5 العدد: 4

Article
أثر المعاملة الوالدية في ظاهرة الغش الدراسي والدافع للانجاز على طلبة الجامعة في ليبيا العظمى

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
An Analytic Survey of the Learning Styles of Students in the Department of English / College of Education / Kerbala

المؤلفون: Ibtisam Abdul – Hussein Abdul – Rasul
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

This paper aims at analysing the different learning styles of the first year students in the Department of English / College of Education / Kerbala . It shows how the concept of learning is defined , discusses briefly the factors affecting learning process with or without the teacher's control ; pointing out the characteristics of a good language learning . Types of learning styles are tackled as well . To asses students' learning styles , they were offered a designed questionnaire of the "Learning Style Survey" , adapted by Julie Chi and Andrew Cohen from Rebecca L . Oxford's (1993) and 'Style Analysis Survey' in Reid (1995) , cited in Schmitt (2002:188) . After analysing the results , some issues are presented concerning the teachers' attitudes towards having such various learners with such different learning styles , all in one group .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Bacillus thuringiensis var . kuristaki Berliner as a biological control agent agaist lemon butterfly , Papilio demoleus L.(Lepidoptera :Papilionidae )

المؤلفون: Fawzi AL –Zubaidi --- Nasir A .Hilafy --- Layla N .Al-Okaily
الصفحات: 1-5
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الخلاصة

The effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var . kuristaki were tested against lemon butterfly , Papilio demoleus , in laboratory . Four different concentrations of lyophilized form of the bacteria (0.25, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/ml) were used. The results indicated that there was a direct correlation between the mortality rate and bacterial concentration. Mortality rates were: 75%, 100%, 100%, and 100% at concentrations of 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/ml respectively. The data also revealed that the developmental period was extended due to bacterial application. Egg production was significantly reduced. Some developmental deformalities were observed in individuals that have been treated with 0.25 mg/m completed their development.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تقييم بعض أنواع منتجات ألألبان (الجبن) المحلي والمستورد

المؤلفون: زينا محمد كاظم
الصفحات: 1-5
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الخلاصة

This study contained , cheese one derivatives of milk, and the effect of its because of contamination of tiny beings which causes many of disease of human .This study was not presence in Iraq therefore; the study contained discussion the conversion of milk to the cheese and discussion the contaminations of milk and the effect of the cheese. also study and evaluation the cheese fecund from different references and compare them with values of standard cheese fecund. This study contained ten samples from cheese from different references in the time of the study and determination of ratio of solid substances , fat substances , acidity of these samples , and the storage ability from these samples, also study some type of bacteria for three samples only which cause the decay the cheese then blight it .From the result ,all of the samples which worked in the houses was not health for human because of not follow-up the health conditions in the industrialization workable.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
SYNTHESIS 2-ALKYLCYCLOPENTANONES BY ADDITION CYCLOPENTANONE TO OLEFINE

المؤلفون: Saadon Abdulla Aowda
الصفحات: 6-11
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الخلاصة

The radical addition of cyclopentanone to ethylene in the presence of different initiators was studied. The most effective of these is ammonium persulfat(AMP), and with the use of ammonium persulfate were find the optimal conditions to get 2-ethylcyclopentanone. Studied the reaction of cyclopentanone with other olefins (C3-C5) and the synthesized 2-alkylcyclopentanone that can be used as a source component for the preparation of fragrance substances.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
SURVEY OF INTESTINAL PARASITES WHICH CAUSING THE DIARRHAE IN AL- HEINDIA / KERBALA
مسح الطفيليات المعوية الابتدائية و المسببة للاسهال في قضاء الهندية / كربلاء

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الخلاصة

In the present study, Asurvey was carried out to investigate the species and percentage incidence of infection with the intestinal parasites which causing diarrhea in Al- Handia reigen / Kirbala as well as parasites among different age and total of 2052 faecal samples attending to hospital in Al- Handia city a during the period from January 2005 till December 2006 In the present study investigation revealed the occurrence of species of intestinal parasites were:- Entamoeba histolytica( Amoebiasis) 17.4% male and 9.5% femal (Giardiasis) 6.77% male and 5.26% femal But Giardia lamblia No significant(c²test) difference were noted in the overall percentage incidence of infection of male and femal. GenerallySignificant(c²test) difference were noted in the overall percentage incidence of infection of The month of years and overall percentage of infection during summer and autumn month, and lowerst during winter and spring (test under level 0.01 ,0.05

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دور سياسات التكييف الاقتصادي في تصحيح الاختلالات الهيكلية في اليمن دراسة قياسية للمدة(1986- 2005)

المؤلفون: مايح شبيب الشمري
الصفحات: 11-25
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الخلاصة

The economy of Yemen had been affected by the reflections of the new International economic environment, which provided suitable conditions for the appearance of the accumulative effect for many external and internal imbalances. For these reasons Yemen have responded to the programs of economic adjustment by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank (WB).The First amid of the research analyzing the structural imbalance in Yemen has shown that remind in most of the economic sectors. The research too include econometrics models estimation for definition all effect to adjustment programs on the indicators of general performance at macroeconomic of the whole chosen economy.The results showed that the low effect on the (The Growth Rate of Gross Domestic Product "GDP", The General Budget deficit relative to the" GDP", the current account deficit relative to the " GDP" ). While the results showed that the effect was positive on the, (Inflation Rate, and the local currency exchange rates). At the end we say the reason of the problem in Yemen will not monetary imbalances but real imbalances ,this growth and development problem as well as that equilibrium problem

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Zinc Selective Liquid Electrode on the Basis of Phenyl Disulfide
غشاء الزنك الانتقائي السائل المحضر بالاعتماد على Phenyl Disulfide

المؤلفون: Aayad Amaar Sayhood
الصفحات: 12-19
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الخلاصة

A Zinc(II) selective electrode based on phenyl disulfide as ionic membrane carrier was prepared. The electrode exhibits a near-Nernstian response for Zn2+ ions over a wide concentration range from (1.0x10-5-1.0x10-1 M) with a slope of 30.1 mV/decade and a limit of detection of 6.2x10-6 M. The response time measured was 15 second .It was found to be selective and useable within the pH range of (3.0-8.0). The life time of membrane sensor prepared could be used for at least 2 months. The electrode was successfully used as an indicator electrode in potentiometric titration of Zinc ions.

الكلمات الدلالية

Zinc ion-selective electrode --- membrane --- response time --- life time


Article
تسوية المنازعات الناشئة عن أنشطة استكشاف واستغلال المنطقة الدولية

المؤلفون: قحطان عدنان عزيز
الصفحات: 17-32
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الخلاصة

The settlement of the conflicts is important issue which make who participate in the conference of sea law 1973-1982, because they make competition to give the suggestion and researches for the scope of the next ten years in order to codify the legal rules which govern and settled the conflicts. After a long and complicated discussion, they reached to draw these discussions in part number fifteen to the convention 1982, according to the appendix 5, 6, 7, 8, which is discuss how to settle the conflicts which is concerned to find an explanation to the convention and how to apply it.And because of the nature of the difference of its rules in the eleventh part from the convention and its appendix about the other rules in the convention, which is concerned of the nature of this conflicts and it’s parties. So going back to the classical procedures like Arbitration and the national and international court is not enough solution to settle the conflicts which concerned with the activities of the region

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Adsorption of Cobalt (II) ion from Aqueous Solution on Selected Iraqi clay surfaces
امتزاز ايون الكوبلت من محاليله المائية على سطح أطيان عراقية مختارة

المؤلفون: Alaa.Frag Hussain --- Moen .I.Al-Jeboori --- Hamsa Munan Yaseen
الصفحات: 20-38
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الخلاصة

This work is concerned with one of application of adsorption from solution. It deals with the study of adsorption of Cobalt (II) ion on the surfaces of Attapulgite, bentonite, and kaolin, which are provided locally in Iraq. The purpose of this study is searching for surfaces that are highly applicable for Cobalt (II) ion adsorption to treat the pollution of aqueous solution in nature by this heavy metal ion .This study also involves the feasibility of using (NH4SCN ) (Ammonium thiocyanate ) for Visb-spectrophotometric determination of Cobalt (II) ion and to determine the relation between the adsorption quantity of Cobalt (II) ion and equilibrium concentrations ( adsorption isotherm ) in different conditions of temperature ,ionic strength ,pH , practical size , and adsorbent weight .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of Pollution of Selected Soils from Western Part of Al-Nahrawan Area (East Baghdad) by Heavy Metals
دراسة تلوث ترب مختارة للجزء الغربي من منطقة النهروان (شرق بغداد) بالفلزات الثقيلة

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الخلاصة

The study depend on (20) samples that represented of soil selected from Al-Nahrwan area (east Baghdad) , that include (60) brick factories that lies on western part of study area to determined concentration of (8) heavy metals that consider as environmental pollutants its (Pb , Cr , Ni , Cd , Fe , Mn , Co , Cu) where they found to be high compared with international limits . The study Indicated that this high concentration is relative with the emissions of factories .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Studies on nature of wheat grains infested with some stored grain insects
دراسات عن طبيعة الحنطة المصابة ببعض حشرات الحبوب المخزونة

المؤلفون: احمد جاسم محيميد
الصفحات: 32-40
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الخلاصة

The stored grains in Iraq infested with many insects most of which are Sitophilus oryzac (L. ) , Rhizopertha dominica (F. ) and Trogoderma granarium ( Everts ) . The results showed that the studied insects fed on the wheat grains , Ultimately , they made holes or tunnels inside the wheat grains. These holes varies in shapes , numbers . depths , regularity and in the place of which they infested. Therefore the nature of the infestation seems clearly to be species specific. Concerning the study of the loss percentage of wheat grains to the insects, the result showed that it was between 21% - 30% .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
النظام القانوني للمنطقة الدولية

المؤلفون: قحطان عدنان عزيز --- محمد حسين كاظم
الصفحات: 33-49
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الخلاصة

The United Nation convention for the seas law 1982 had put a new legal system. It never been existed before in the other conventions which is related and concerned for the seas, and that's what they called it “The Region” which they are used to call it (The International Region) because it lies outside of the borders of the regional jurisdiction to the states.The ambiguity condition for the Geneva Convention for the international sea the continental shelf in 1958.In addition to the scientific progress, and what goes with it in developing the technological progress to the states and especially the developed one, that led to make use of this fortunes in this area. All of that led to make a discussion of the legal system limits to the international area including the limitation of the legal system for the discovering and make use of operations in this area, and limit the side that can do this operations to give all the states the chance to make use of the fortunes in this area, and to make use of it. So that, why the United Nation convention for the seas law 1982 put a legal system for all subject for the sea law, within the international area, and put the legal rules that concerned in this subject, which was the main reason to hold the United Nation conference, Number 3, which led to, ratified this convention.But the system of convention about this area in the part 11 did not get a full agreement from the big industrial states and that’s led to refusing of the ratifying the convention and joined it, and to go outside of it’s rules, and after discussions, the General Assembly of the United Nation issued in 28 July 1994 it’s decisions number 48/263 to change the part 11 of the convention.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
"Effect of Water to Powder Ratio on Some Mechanical Properties of SCC"
,, تأثير نسبة الماء إلى المسحوق على بعض الخواص الميكانيكية للخرسانة ذاتية الرص ،،

المؤلفون: Ghalib M. Habeeb --- Mahdi S. Essa --- Esam M. Ali
الصفحات: 39-48
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الخلاصة

The aim of this study is to find the effect of water to powder ratio on some of the mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete (SCC) made from locally available materials. To determine the workability, different test methods are adopted in this research such as slump-flow, T50 slump-flow, L-box, U-box and V-funnel. The mechanical properties studied are compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength and static modulus of elasticity. Two non-destructive test methods, ultra-sonic pulse velocity and Schmidt rebound hammer test are tested also. Based on the results of this work, it is possible to produce SCC from locally available materials that satisfy the requirements of this type of concrete. It can be stated that SCC produced is sensitive to water to powder ratio. The results obtained from this study indicate that increasing W/P ratio from (40-62) % decreases the compressive strength by 23 %, splitting tensile strength by 20 %, flexural strength by 46 %, static modulus of elasticity by 9 %, ultra-sonic pulse velocity by 13 % and rebound number by 15%.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Vertical Distribution Study of Trace Elements In Sediments of Selected Location Within Hilla City
دراسة التوزيع العمودي للعناصر النادرة ضمن الرسوبيات لمناطق مختارة من مدينة الحلة

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الخلاصة

The study relied on the selection of (34)samples representing sediments of clay fractions which are less than (2)micrometer , sand fractions (125-88) micrometer with in the sediments of the study area for the depths of (0-540)cm to determine the concentrations of (6)heavy trace elements and environment Polluting which are ( Ni,Cu ,Zn , Pb , Cd and Fe ) and the study of the influential factors .It is found that upon the comparison of results obtained that the concentrations of sediment fractions of the trace elements of the sand fractions are lesser than their concentrations in that clay part of the sediment where these elements lie basically in the fine grains because they often adsorb on the clay mineral surfaces and the organic materials of the sediment .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
On α-Open Sets In Topological Spaces
حول المجموعات الالفا مفتوحة في الفضاءات التوبولوجية

المؤلفون: Mohammed Yahya Abid --- Maha Mohsen Mohammed Ali
الصفحات: 49-50
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الخلاصة

In this paper we present a new notion by using α-open sets, which is The α-dense-in-itself set in topological spaces, and We prove some theorems that are related by the new definition

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Corps Types and Soil Depths on Sodium , Potassium Concentrations and Cation Exchange Capacity Value
تأثر تراكيز الصوديوم والبوتاسيوم وقيمة السعة التبادلية بنوع المحصول وأعماق التربة

المؤلفون: مرتضى جليل إبراهيم
الصفحات: 49-58
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الخلاصة

Filed experiment is conducted on recently reclaimed silt clay to examine the effect of wheat , barley corps and soil depths on the concentration of dissolved and exchangeable sodium , available potassium and exchanging capacity value . In Hartha Research and Experimental Station /College Agricultural/ Basrah University (35) km northern-east of Basrah City The method used is the factorial experiment Design of complete blocks . The blocks represents three states : pre-cultivation , post-wheat cultivation and finally post-barley cultivation . There are two factors in the experiment .The first factor (A)represents the six depths of soil :a1(0-15)cm ,a2(15-30) cm,a3(30-45) cm,a4(45-60) cm,a5(60-90) cm and a6(90-120) cm . The second factor (b) represents the concentration of Cation and CEC values of : b1(available sodium),b2(adsorbed sodium), b3(available potassium) and b4(cation exchanging capacity). After applying the statistical analysis and correlation coefficient ,the following points were pin pointed . 1-There is a significant effect at 0.05 of barley on cation concentration , and CEC value when comparing it with pre-cultivation state , However there was no significant value when compared in wheat cultivation . 2-Soil depths do not show a significant differences. 3- Dissolved and exchangeable sodium , adsorbed sodium , and cation exchanging capacity value have shown significant difference among them with no exception . They also gave positive and negative correlation coefficient according the which it is recommended that barely cultivation in these lands its effective role on wheat cultivation .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أعضاء مجلس شورى الدولة في العراق ((دراسة مقارنة))

المؤلفون: صادق محمد علي الحسيني
الصفحات: 50-57
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الخلاصة

The members of Iraqi advisory state council The function of the member of advisory state council play vital role in Iraq within the context of general functional system in state because its importance in legal life of the state and one of the important function to members of advisory state council is the legal advises of the state they interested with supply the state and its institution with legal advise which highlighted it legal way in addition to formulation of law projects which related with public administration in states .In other side they exercise characterized judicial function represented in administrative judge which considered the best protector to individual right and liberties . From this point the legislators be careful in organized the rule related with the member of state advisory council in addition in the conditions of memberships and its guarantees . However , in order to explain this importance , we divide the study in two parts , the first include the definition of the members of Iraqi advisory state council and the second , include the conditions of the memberships and its guarantees

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Syntheses,Spectrophotometric determination of mercury(II) using new azo dye 5-[(2-hydroxy phenyl azo]-4,6-dihydroxy-2-mercapto pyrimidine

المؤلفون: Maysaa Abed ALRudha --- Hussein Jassem Mohammed
الصفحات: 51-60
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الخلاصة

New reagent and complex of general formula ML2,where M=Hg(II),L=5-[(hydroxyl phenyl)azo]-4,6-di hydroxyl-2-mercapto primidine) have been prepared in ethanolic solution. Solid compounds were isolated and characterized by electrons and vibrational spectra. A sensitive method has been developed for the determination of micro amounts of Hg(II). The method is based on the chelation of metal ion with the azo dye to form an intens color soluble product, that are stable and has a amaximum absorption at (524 nm),and ε max of(4.01x104 ).The stability constant and relative errors and a relative standard deviations for Hg(II) were(0.14x108),( %-1.1),( %1.42 ) respectively. The above newly synthesized compounds were investigated for their antibacterial.


Article
الأساس القانوني للخصخصة في ضوء التشريع العراقي - دراسة مقارنة -

المؤلفون: عقيل مجيد كاظم عبد السعدي
الصفحات: 58-65
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Isolation of Giardia in Cattle in Babylon Province
عزل طفيلي الجيارديا من الأبقار في محافظة بابل

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الخلاصة

During the period from January 2006 till August 2006, a total of 110 cows and 45 calves from Babylon Province were inspected for Giardia. The following parasite and their percentage incidences of infection were recorded 24.5%, 35.5%. Faecal samples from these cattle were examined by direct and Zink sulphate concentration methods. The prevalent was higher in cows 33.3% during August, and not record any infected in November. The prevalent was higher in calves 57.1% during July and not record any infected in March. Giardia in cattle is record for the first time in Babylon Province.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Almost semi -strongly θ-continuous function on Bitopological spaces

المؤلفون: Yiezi K.M. Al-Talkany --- zahir Dobeas AL-nafie
الصفحات: 61-64
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الخلاصة

[Abd El-monsef and Hanafy] and [Takashi Noiri , 1994] studied several of almost semi strongly θ-continuous in topological space , in this paper it is shown that results similar to these in bitopological space.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Preparing anew cracking catalysits from Iraqi Montorillomite intercalated with aluminium polymer
تحضير عامل مساعد جديد من المونتيموربلونايت العراقي المجسر ببليمر الالمنيوم

المؤلفون: عباس مطرود باشي --- احمد خضير سلمان
الصفحات: 63-68
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الخلاصة

Intercalation of metal complex cation in Iraqi Montorillomite mineral is leading to develop new classes of selective heterogeneous catalysts. The intercalation of polynuclear hydroxyl metal of aluminum, offered good stability and porosity that can be made by conventional zeolite catalysts

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Modified Method for Preparation of Aurintricarboxylic Acid and Prepare of it’s Chromium (III) Complex: Study its Interaction with Some Human Serum Proteins.

المؤلفون: Haitham Delol (M.Sc.)
الصفحات: 65-76
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الخلاصة

This study involves the use of a modified method for preparation of aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) and use this acid as a ligand for preparation of complex with chromium (III) ion. The prepared complex was studied using different spectrophotometric methods including, UV-Visible spectrophotometry and IR, in addition to molar conductivity. The molar ratio of ligand-cation was found to be (1:2). The complex showed an octahedral geometric structure. The interaction between the formed complex with six blood components including serum total protein (STP), albumin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), acid phosphatase (ACP), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were studied. The measurement occurred before adsorption and after one hour of incubation with the complex. The quantity of the substance adsorbed on complex obtained from the difference in the concentration before and after adsorption per weight of complex. The results showed that the Cr(III)-ATA complex has surface activity and able to adsorb the serum proteins in different capacities according to the following order of quantity adsorpe: S.AST> S.Albumin> S.T.ACP > S.T.Protein > S.ALP>S.ALT

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الالتزام بالمشاركة في عقود الاستثمار الصناعي

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الخلاصة

Most studies deal with the ways of transferring and spearding " the knew how" and its' applications. These studies establish a theory administration and applying the inputs(technical& theoretical) with out specifying it organization, thus , it is necessary to legislative policies that satisfy the situation. However industrial investment that works on making use wealth in all countries, must not be excluded to a particular industrial but it should be understood in it's widlr view. It means that it will include the works of extracting & manufacting and production (hyper production). Accordingly, The Iraqi investment Law. Which include special aspects that focus on finding out investment opportunities and encourying it. In addition, providing the ways with legal rules, that quarntee the country rights, depending the rule that all wealths and helong to the Iraq people whether the investor is foreign or local. Finally the study falls into two chapter: the deals with concept of obligation of undertaking. first chapter anlyse sources of undertaking

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF SOWING AND CUTTING DATES ON SOME VEGETATIVE CHARACTERS AND YIELD OF JUTE PLANT "Corchorus olitorius L." GROWN IN SOUTHERN IRAQ.
تأثير مواعيد الزراعة والحش في بعض الصفات الخضرية وإنتاج نبات الملوخيةCorchorus olitorius L., " " المزروعة في جنوب العراق

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted in a farm located at Abu El-Kassib region, Basrah Governorate, during the growing season of 2004 to investigate effect of three different sowing dates and cutting on some vegetative characters and yield of Jute plant. The trial included nine treatments, i.e. the interaction between three sowing dates (10/3, 20/3 and 30/3) and three cutting dates (1/6, 15/6 and 30/6). Factorial and completely randomized block design experiment was used with three replicates.Results showed that sowing Jute seeds at the date of 30/3 gave significant increases in plant height, number of leaves, leaf width and fresh weight, percentage of leaf dry matter and yield of squared meter as compared to the sowing dates of 10/3 and 20/3. In regard to total yield, the sowing date of 30/3 gave 2.572 Kg/m2, whereas the sowing dates of 10/3 and 20/3 produced (1.557 and 1.712 Kg/m2), respectively.The cutting date of 30/6 gave significant increases in all parameters studied, except that for leaf length, over the cutting dates of 1/6 and 15/6.Significant differences were found between the interaction treatments in regard to the number of leaves, stem diameter, percentage of leaf dry matter and total yield .Total yield was found to be 2.086 Kg/m2 for cutting date of 30/6 whereas those of 1/6 and 15/6 harvest dates were (1.823 and 1.865 Kg/m2¬) respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
NETWORK PROBLEM: A NEW APPOCH
أسلوب جديد لحل مشكلة شبكة العمل

المؤلفون: عواد كاظم شعلان ألخالدي
الصفحات: 74-79
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الخلاصة

In this paper; A new approach was developed to treat the network problem , in the sense of calculating the shortest time to perform the objective action T1, the allowed largest time to perform the objective time T2, the allowed idle time to perform the objective action S, and to determined the critical path of the performance of the net work whereas there does not exist any chance to delay the performance of any critical action

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Article
انتهاك حـرمة الحياة الخــاصة بــواسطة الصحف

المؤلفون: عباس علي محمد
الصفحات: 77-85
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الخلاصة

In real life , the main functions of the publication is to transmit the common fictions, events , and apassive compsite veins out comes. In this sense it may exaggerate the darkened matters Through exhausting the in for mation Technology media Viz- perverse an excessive pros ,pictures , and stubbornly over – high opinions . In fuct this act threaten the code of publicity conducts of the cillilian life privacy and lead to sue publication media against violated the human right acts, seeking for claims resulted from damages of that the research area plits into three parts :- The first part deals with definition of privacy of the human life , The second part deals with breacling civilian responsibities . The third parts deals with claims .

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Article
Solid Acid Catalyst From Biedillite Intercalated by mixed cohydrolysis (Ti-Zr)Improve their acidity and stability thermic.

المؤلفون: Abbas Matrood Bashi
الصفحات: 77-84
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الخلاصة

Clays of smectite type have long been used as adsorbent material (1) , intercalated clays are anew class of calalyst . in which an homogeneous distribution of microspores can be obtained with porosity varying from 6 Aº to 18 Aº according to the type of intercalating agents. The activity catalytic and adsorbents were attracted the tension to this type of clay . R.M Barrer (2) prepared expanded clay which act as molecular sieves for the adsorption of organic molecules from the uses of Tetraalkyl ammonium as intercalating agent with clay.

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Article
A Survey of intestinal parasites in some health centers of Karbala city
مسح للطفيليات المعوية في بعض المراكز الصحية في مدينة كربلاء

المؤلفون: ضمياء إبراهيم علوان الجبوري
الصفحات: 80-86
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الخلاصة

During the period from November 2006 to March 2007, an epidemiological study was undertaken the type and percentage incidence of investigation with the intestinal parasites among patients attending three health centers in Karbala city . A total of 557 fecal samples ( 306 for males and 251 for females ) were examined for people ranging from less than one years old to 70 years old . The direct smear method by using normal saline solution and Eosin stain were used to examined fecal samples. The results of the present investigation revealdThe occurrence of four intestinal protozoa's:67.61% for Entamoeba histolytica,%16.55 for Giardia lamblia , %12.06 for Entamoeba coli and %3.78 for Trichomonas hominis . The overall percentage of infection with all intestinal parasites was 75.94% .Height significant differences in most intestinal parasite investigation and the percentage incidence of infection between males and females and height significant differences were noted in the overall percentage infection relation to educational level . No significant differences were noted in the overall percentage of infection in relation to age of patient.

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Article
Anti-tumor Activity Of Virulent Newcastle Virus With Urtica pilulifera On Mammary Adenocarcinoma In mice
الفعالية المضاده للورم لفايروس نيوكاسل الضاري ونبات القريص على سرطانة الغدة اللبنية في الفئران

المؤلفون: Abdul Ameer Oda Ismail
الصفحات: 85-94
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الخلاصة

The anti-tumor activity of the Virulent Newcastle Virus (VNV) (LD50109) and water extract of Uritica pilulifera leaves (U.P) were evaluated against the murine mammary adenocarcinoma transplanted subcutaneusly in mice . The activity was assessed using growth inhibition of tumor volume, relative tumor volume and histopathological examination. Intratumoral injection of (VNV) and Uritica pilulifera crude extract was given different doses resulted in a prominent suppression of tumor statistically orally withsignificant with 82%,the relative tumor volume was also reduce and the suppression of tumor size in this group more than others. Histopathological examination show massive necrosis associated with fibrosis and lymphocytic with macrophagic infiltration

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Article
سلطة محكمة العمل في نظر الدعاوى العمالية

المؤلفون: عباس علي محمد
الصفحات: 86-94
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الخلاصة

The Legalistic of labow force casesthrouyh the worker force court : The labow Jurisdiction treaties associated with aspecific case legistimation to verdict aconfelics between the blue colour workers and the employers, itshown two extremes, in working materiality and social status . The Jury rely labour law and other cencerns, to over shudde the civil law contexts . e.g. :-Civil law , crimind principle .In this Sense the Juristiction viewed individual case over civil- criminal subiect Mater to be a Safety side of the Worker Rights . This means the legislature look over euch case bilingual , spread over the rest of Iraqi provinces , Labour courts , for the purpose of facilitde and amalgamate the unique procedures .To ascertain this Subject Mutters, the labour courts authorization Split into Two sections : The first section deals with the importance of workers eourt legitimates procedures . The second section deals with the scope of the labaur court and the availability Rules to be uscertained and its validities .

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Article
EFFECT OF IRRIGATION INTERVALS, PLOWING DEPTH AND PLANTING DATE ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF CORN
تأثير فترات الري وأعماق الحراثة ومواعيد الزراعة في نمو وحاصل الذرة الصفراء (.Zea mays L)

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in the experimental farm (Akad) in Theqar governorate through the season of 2002-2003 to investigate the effect irrigate intervals, depth of plowing and planting date also their interaction on the growth, yield and its component for corn. Split- Split- Plots design was used in this study, main plots include irrigation systems (7 days, 14 days and 21 days) plowing depth as sub-plots include two treatment (0-20) cm and (0-40) cm. concerning sub-sub-plots they include the planting date as follows (3/ July, 18/ July, 2/ Aug). The results of the statistical analysis of the data showed that the plant height, Leave area index, Length of panicls, numbers of grains in panicls, weight of 100 grains and grain yield , had significantly affected by the study factors. Also the results have shown that shortest irrigation interval gave a highest values , and the shortest irrigation interval (7 days) had significantly increased the yield of grain corn which was 8.66 and 10.40 (ton/ha) as compared to irrigation intervals 14 days and 21 days for the growing season of 2002 and 2003 respectively. Also increasing of plowing depth (0-40) cm increased the yield of grain by 15.5% and 12.4 % for the growing season of 2002 and 2003 respectively. There was significant effect for interaction between each two factors. The best combination was obtained from the interaction between 7 days irrigation intervals, planting date (18 July) and plowing depth (0-40) cm.

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Article
الفدرالية وأفاق تطبيقها في العراق

المؤلفون: علي نجيب حمزة الحسيني
الصفحات: 95-101
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الخلاصة

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Article
"EVALUATION OF METAKAOLIN FOR USE AS SUPPLEMENTARY CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL"
,,تقييم الميتاكاؤلين لاستخدامه كمادة اسمنتية مضافة ،،

المؤلفون: Ghalib M. Habeeb --- Mahdi S. Essa --- Esam M. Ali
الصفحات: 95-105
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الخلاصة

Three types of metakaolin were evaluated for use as supplementary cementitious materials in cement-based systems. The metakaolins were calcined at 745± 2 °C for three duration periods, (1/2, 1.0 and 1.5) hrs respectively. The water-to-cementitous ratio used was 0.40. In this study, the early age properties of fresh self-compacting concrete and the mechanical properties of hardened concrete were examined. Early age evaluations aimed to determine the reactivity of metakaolin and its effect on mixture workability (slump-flow, T50, L-box, U-box and V-funnel). Compressive, tensile and flexural strengths and elastic modulus were measured at various concrete ages. Further more, two non-destructive test methods, ultra-sonic pulse velocity and Schmidt rebound hammer test were used at 7, 28 and 90 days. The results obtained from this study indicated that when the time of calcining metakaolin increased from (0.5 to 1.0) hrs and (0.5 to 1.5) hrs the compressive strength increased by (5-12) %, (12-18) %, (3-9) %, (16-21) %, (4-7) % and (12-16) % at 7,28 and 90 days respectively. Specimens in flexure, splitting, static modulus of elasticity, U.P.V and rebound number show similar behavior to those in compression.

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Article
A Study on the Liquid-Liquid Extraction of Neodymium ion (Ш) With sudan black B
دراسة استخلاص سائل- سائل للنيوديميوم الثلاثي باستخدام الكاشف سودان بلاك B

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الخلاصة

A study on the liquid-liquid extraction of Neodymium (Ш) with Sodan Black B in chloroform that refer by (SBB) has been made. The effect of different parameters on the percent of extraction & extraction coefficient such as type of medium & time of equilibration ,concentration of metal ion , type of organic solvent , effect of batch extraction , salting out , effect of some cations & anions as common interfering on distribution ration & effect of temperature .The function of thermodynamic parameters of (ΔH,ΔGand ΔS) were calculated .The stoichiometry of the extract species is determined using two methods such as mole ration & Job's method it was found to be (Μ : L) (1 : 3) .The stability constant of complex in the mole ratio method was calculated .Studying the UV-Visible spectra were studied both of reagent (SBB) & extracted complex in organic phase .Other physical constant namely , melting-point , & molar conductivity were measured .At last the new study for determination of Nd (Ш) ion in organic phase was began .

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Article
مدى التزام الدولة بتعويض ضحايا الاعمال الارهابية

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الخلاصة

This research addresses the issue of the State's obligation to compensate victims of terrorist acts in terms of the idea first and Haithalassas based compensation mechanism Secondly, it is out of hand the idea notes that the positions of retirement health insurance vary between them would serve no rejects and stick to the traditional rules of compensation and supporters, but with varying degrees either in terms of a compensation We have reviewed in this research Tire traditional liability (including personal objectivity), including limitations on compensation cases accommodate all terrorist acts that claimed part of the literature looking for another basis for compensation is not based on the idea of the responsibility of the State but on the basis of the idea of the right of the patient claims to be the basis of this right legal obligation of the State compensation in accordance with the idea of social solidarity, which means solidarity among members of the community to compensate victims of terrorist acts in accordance with the mechanism specified by law to be the ultimate motivation to compensate members of the community.

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Article
EFFECT OF CALCIUM ON JUJUBE Ziziphus sp. FRUIT GROWTH AND THEIR RESISTANCE TO JUJUBE FRUIT FLY Carpomyia incompleta

المؤلفون: Aquil A. Al-yousif --- Menal Z. Al-Miahy
الصفحات: 106-113
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الخلاصة

Calcium chloride was sprayed during winter growing season 2005-2006 to jujube trees cultivars Bambawi Ziziphus spina-christi and Zaitooni Z. mauritiana to test its effect on jujube fruit fly Carpomyia incompleta (Tephritidae:Diptera). The percentage of jujube fruit fly infestation on both cultivars of jujube were reduced and continued decreasing down during the growing season, that resulted from increasing of some jujube fruit quality characteristics, at a high concentration of calcium salt. A negative correlation was found among the percentage of fruit fly infestation and weight, size, water content, vitamin C, protein content and calcium content percentage of Bambawi and Zaitooni fruits, while positive correlation was found between the percentage infestation of fruit fly and dry matter percentage rate of both cultivars fruits .The present result concluded that there are a synergistic effect of jujube fruit quality characteristics on jujube fruit fly infestation, when spraying with calcium salt.

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Article
DENSITIES, REFRACTIVE INDICES AND EXCESS PROPERTIES OF N-METHYLMORPHOLINE AND BUTANOL MIXTURES AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES
الكثافات ومعاملات الانكسار والخواص الفائضة لمحاليل N- مثيل مورفالين مع 1- بيوتانول بدرجات حرارة مختلفة

المؤلفون: H. E. Salman --- A. G. Rade
الصفحات: 114-121
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الخلاصة

Densities and refractive indices have been measured at 303.15, 313.15 and 323.15 K for the binary mixtures of N-methylmorpholine and 1-butanol over the entire composition range. Those data have been used to compute the excess molar volumes, VE and excess refractive indices, nE . The results obtained are used to study the nature of molecular interactions in these mixtures.As far as we know, in the open literature, no study on mixtures containing N-methylmorpholine [I] has been reported.

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Article
An Analytical Comparative Study of Refined and Raw Water of Kerbala Government
دراسة تحليلية مقارنة لمياة الشرب والنهر في محافظة كربلاء

المؤلفون: حميد مرزه متعب --- عيسى طالب خلف
الصفحات: 115-123
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الخلاصة

An analytical study on refined water projects and their recourses (i.e. Husaniuah river) at kerbala government during 2004-2005 to evaluate the efficiency of those projects and to investigate if the output data were matched with the world health organization measures and the out coming information from Iraqi ecological offices. The following projects 7 Nissan , Hi alhussain , Hi oroba , old staff , mew hurr , Shabanat , Western valley have been chosen. A weekly samples from refined water and raw water were taken throughout a year commenced on January up to December to determine some of the physiochemical and biological characteristic. Results showed that pH , cl- , Alk. , TDS measurements were at lower limits, where as, E.C. , Turb. , TH were at higher limits, with WHO standards. Ca+2 was the only element which increased at the whole stations which resulted in increased TH and EC values while Mg+2 was within reasonable limits. Statistical analysis for refined water showed the standard error for pH was at lower values, while for EC and the most others traits were at higher values. Uniformity values were lower than 85% for Turb. , Mg+2 and Alk. Which indicated that those measurements were irregular. Results showed that the measurement of raw water were slightly higher than those of refined water according to ASCE standard and they classified from excellent to good grade. The statistical analysis showed S.E values appeared wide differences between higher and lower values for the characteristics being examined, but they were acceptable in general with the most U.C. values despite the fact that they were matched with Michael, 1978 standard. The bacteriology investigations were done and the results were negative which proved the usability of water.

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Article
مدى تعارض الإثبات بالسندات الالكترونية مع قاعدة عدم جواز اصطناع الخصم دليلاً لنفسه

المؤلفون: عباس العبودي
الصفحات: 116-122
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الخلاصة

The rule is prohibited from preparing a piece of evidence for himself, is considered as one of the most fundamental rules governing the evidence characterized by strictness of the legal system by which it is governed. This rule upon logic and justice and conflicts with the evidence by electronic instrument, since these instruments are issued for the most part by the computer , possessed by the adversary responsible for the onus of proving therefore. This rules must be given broad interpretation so as to lighten the severity of the legal system of evidence governing.

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Article
The Impact of Data Mining on System Analysis Process
تأثير تقتية تعدين البيانات على اساليب تحليل النظم

المؤلفون: Yahya M. Hadi Al_mayali
الصفحات: 122-133
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الخلاصة

With the advent of the computer age, people have begun using computers to automate the data gathering process and store the information in databases. Computers are so well suited to this task that huge databases with terabytes of information have been generated. It is well beyond the scope of the human mind to sort through all of this data and find any useful patterns for predicting future events. The mining has been invented as one technique of the machine learning field to deal with this new problem by using computers to automate the process of searching data in huge databases for useful patterns, which is can used to build a new system. In this paper we need to show how data mining techniques can help the systems analysts people for studying and extract facts for building new systems.


Article
جدلية العلاقة بين السلطة والمواطنين وانعكاسها على واقع الدولة العراقية ( دراسة حالة العراق قبل نيسان 2003 )

المؤلفون: زهير خضير عباس الزبيدي
الصفحات: 123-131
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الخلاصة

There is no doubt about the argumentative relationship between the ordinary individual citizen and the state (as a political entity) because each one of them completes the other. In addition there is no state without citizens and hence no citizens without belonging to a certain state. It is a fact beyond dispute that all citizens (the masses) form a very important and essential corner of the state. The citizen (as a political entity for human being), in the beginning of the state formation, is the base of the state existence and there is no progress or prosperity for any state without good citizenship, this citizenship comes from the humanitarian nature of the whole citizens. The previous historical and political experiences tell us that there is a fatal equilibrium and practical compatibility that organize the nature of the relationship between the ruler and his fellow citizens. Now what has happened in Iraq is a rational result as a consequence of the political regimes that ruled this country since its formation, from a side, and the nature of the Iraqi masses that lived on this part of the world for thousands of years, from other side. This topic requires to display two axels, the first one is studying the political circumstances prevailed in this country since its formation as a civilized state and the nature of the political authority at those periods of time, and then studying the nature of Iraqi citizen ( as human being) and his reaction towards these circumstances

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Article
واقع الموارد المائية وتقدير الاحتياجات المائية للزراعة المروية في العراق للمدة 1980-2001

المؤلفون: حميد عبيد عبد
الصفحات: 124-134
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الخلاصة

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Article
حكم الوصية بالأعضاء البشرية في ا لشريعة والقانون

المؤلفون: حيدرحسين كاظم الشمري
الصفحات: 132-145
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الخلاصة

Medical operation witneesedin later time a big succeded in operation of human organas dealing THIS IS LEADS TO MADE OF MANY PERSON TO DEALINGS BY ITS HUMAN ORGAN INCLUDING THIS DEALING THERE ARE SALE GIFT AND WILL ;A WILL OF HUMAN ORGANAS MEANS DEALINGS TO ORGANS BY SOME PERSON AFTER ITS DEATH WITHOUT MONY (FREE); THIS IS OBGICTIVE ACCIDENT DIFICULT REFUSED BY SOME OF LEGAL AND ASLAMIC MEN AND ACCEPTED BY ANTHER ;BUT THE SITUTION OF MOST POSTIVE LAWS ARE LEGAL THIS A WILL BUT THERE ARE SEVERAL CONDATIONS ITS INCLUDING FULL CAAPCITY OF WILLER AND ACCEPTANCE OF THE PERSON WICH TO WHOM THE WILL WAS MADE ;ALTHOUHT THE POSITIVE LAWS PREVENT SALE OF HUMAN ORGANS BECUSE OF ITS MAKE OF VIOLENTING OF HUMAN BODAY .

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Article
Longitudinal C2 form factors in sd-shell nuclei including core-polarization effect up to second order

المؤلفون: A.D.Salman
الصفحات: 134-140
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الخلاصة

Coulomb form factors of C2 transitions in several selected sd-shell nuclei have been studied. Core-polarization effects are included through a microscopic theory that includes excitations from the core 1s and 1p orbits and also from 2s-1d shell to higher orbits with excitations. The second order core-polarization leads to a minor enhancement of the calculated form factor, improving the agreement with experiment.

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Article
Bacterial urinary tract infections among diabetic mellitus patients and their resistance to antibiotics
اخماج السبيل البولي البكتيرية لدى المصابين بداء السكري ومقاومتها للمضادات الحياتية

المؤلفون: فاطمة معين عباس
الصفحات: 135-142
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الخلاصة

During study (140) urine samples were examined from diabetic mellitus patient (70 diabeteic patient from type I and 70 diabeteic patient from type II ).They are 78 males and 62 females. All patients attending urine unit and from those setting at Marjan teaching hospital in Babylon province during period from October 2005 to the end of March 2006.Results have been compared with 40 urine samples belongs to healthy subjects (control). The results revealed that the percentage of bacterial infection associated with urinary tract for diabeteic patients (80.7%) ،while control (12.5%).Gram – negative bacteria, the main cause of infection, were constituted (77.9%) and included Escherichia coli (41.4%) , Klebsiella pneumoniae (28%) , Proteus mirabilis (5%) , Proteus vulgaris (2.1%),Enterobacter (1.4 %) Gram positive bacteria were constituted (2.8%) including Staphylococcus aureus(1.4 %) , Streptococcus pyogenes (1.4 %). The study revealed that the highest rate of infection (97.5 %) among(50 or more) year. According type of diabetic mellitus it was found that the highest rate of infection (93 %) was found among type I diabetic mellitus patient . Regarding sex factor , females revealed higher percentage (94 %) compared with males (71 %).The effect of some antibiotics on bacterial strain were performed, Gram negative bacteria were highly resistance to Ampicillin (99 %), Amoxycillin-clavulanic acid (96.2%),Cephalexin(94.3%), Cephalothin (68.2%),while lower percentage ( 52.3 %, 14.9%) recoreded with Gentamicin and Amikacin respectively

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Article
Synthesis And Photolysis Study of the New Reagent 2-[(6-nitro-2--benzothiazolyl)azo] – pyrogallol (6-NO2BTAPg)
تحضير ودراسة التحلل الضوئي للكاشف الجديد 2-] (6-نايترو--2-بنزوثيازوليل)ازو[-بايركول (6-NO2BTAPg

المؤلفون: Ahmed K. A --- Khalid J. AL Adely --- Shaima M. E
الصفحات: 141-151
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الخلاصة

New heterocyclic azo dye 2- [(6-nitro-2־-benzothiazolyl)azo] – Pyrogallol (6- NO2BTAPg) was prepared by coupling reaction a diazonium salt solution of 2-amino-6-nitro benzothiazole with pyrogallol in alkaline ethanolic solution. The organic reagent was characterized by elemental analysis and spectrophotometric method such as infra- red and electronic spectra. The photoreaction of the reagent was occurred under visible light at λmax = 409 nm. Many parameters such as temperature, irradiation time and effect of pH were studied. The experiments showed that the reagent degraded with increasing of irradiation time and the temperature. The optimal pH condition was at pH = 6 in which the reagent possesd highest molar absorpitivity (Є). The order of the photoreaction was of first order and also the kinetic parameters such as the rate reaction constant, half time, activation energy and thermodynamic functions ∆S, ∆ H and ∆G were determind.

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Article
EFFECT OF SOME ORGANIC ACIDS ON STORABILITY OF TOMATO FRUITS CV. SUPER MAMANDE
تأثير المعاملة ببعض الحوامض العضوية في القابلية الخزنية لثمار الطماطة (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)

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الخلاصة

An experiment was carried out to study the role of some organic acids (acetic acids, citric acids and boric acids) with concentrations of 2%, 4% and 6% for every acids on storability of tomato fruits cv. Super Marmande grown in Basrah. Results showed that tomato fruits could be stored for 21 days at 5±2ºc, after packing in polyethylene bags. Results also showed the activities of the concentrations 4% and 6% of boric acid in decrease the decay of fruits. In addition, some of microorganisms which were the reason of decay of fruits were identified: Penicillium italicum, Aspergillus niger , Rhizopus stolonifer, Erwinia carotovora .Coliform also identified in this study. According to the statistical analysis, there were no significant differences among treatments in their effects on total soluble solids, total titratable acidity, and amount of vit.C of tomato fruits cv. Super Marmande.

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Article
أيام الأسبوع أصول تسميتها - بحث لغوي تقابلي -

المؤلفون: صلاح مهدي جابر --- مشكور حنون عطية
الصفحات: 146-152
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الخلاصة

Days of the week are inspired from the arabic civilization ,the hand ,that writes the calender every rising of the sun predicting a new day ,moves by the inspiration of the arabic civilizations that made days into weeks and divided the week according to the most beautiful planet in the cosmo(sayurn) this took place four thousand years ago or more. The names of the days of the week are derived from the names of the planets or gods in the other civilizations . since the subject is too important , the researchers preferred to give the details of these names and analyse them.

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Article
The Efffect of Crops Types and Soil Depths on Some Values of Compoundes ,and Indicators
تأثـــر بعض قيم المركبات والمؤشــــرات الكيميائية بنوع المحصول وأعماق التربة

المؤلفون: مرتضى جليل ابراهيم
الصفحات: 149-162
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الخلاصة

In Hartha Research and Experimental station, College of Agriculture – Basrah University (35)Km northen –east of Basrah city . An experimental field was conducted in soil (clayey silt –silty ) cultivated with two crops , wheat .Triticum aestivume ,and Barley Hardem Vulgare L. To Know the roles of these Crops to get recently reclaimed soil better properties .The method used is the Factorial Experimental Design with completely Blocks Randomized, with two factors ,the first (A) has six levels as follows : A1(0-15)cm , a2(15-30)cm , a3(30-45)cm , a4(45-60)cm, a5(60- 90)cm , and a6(90-120)cm The second factor (B) have seven levels that as follows : B1(Gypsum) , b2(Lime) , b3(Total nitrogen) , b4(Organic mater) , b5(SAR) , b6(ESP) and b7(PRI).The Blocks represent three states: R1(pre-cultivation) , R2(Past-wheat cultivation ) , R3(Past-Barley cultivation). After complying collected data , and applying the statistical analysis with Correlation Coefficient to know the significant effect between wheat and barley and among chemical indications and compounds show : 1-Soil depths which represent first factor have not significant differences on all the chemical indicators and compounds. 2-Crops type shows highly significant effects for barley when compared with part-wheat cultivation and pre-cultivation. 3- Planting barley shows good Correlation Coefficient which are in agreement with natural Correlation that fit to the gighly standards which emphasizes the role of the grops in promoting Characteristics of the soil compared with the condition of planting wheat particularly with Gypsum ,Lime , Nitrogen total , Organic mater .

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Article
Effect of Sodium Chloride and Sodium Sulfate on Growth, and Ions Content in Faba-Bean (Vicia Faba)
تأثير كلوريد الصوديوم وكبريتات الصوديوم في النمو و المحتوى الآيوني لنبات الباقلاء (Vicia faba L.)

المؤلفون: Majeed K Abass Al-Hamzawi
الصفحات: 152-163
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الخلاصة

The present experiment was conducted to assess the response of faba-bean (Vicia faba cv. Local) to sodium chloride and sodium sulfate at two levels of each ( 3&6dsm-1) and their combinations; 3dsm-1 of NaCl +3dsm-1 of Na2SO4 and 6dsm-1 of NaCl +6dsm-1 of Na2SO4. Five weeks old plants were subjected to salt treatments for periods of 2, 4, and 6 weeks. Plant dry matter of shoot and roots, soluble protein, chlorophyll content, ions content and proline accumulation were determined. All salt treatments caused significant reduction in all parameters studied. Na2SO4 treatments were more detrimental than NaCl treatments. Also, combination of NaCl + Na2SO4 at both concentrations were more effective than single salt treatments. Lengthen the duration of exposing plants to salinity resulted in more growth reduction. Total nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and calcium content were reduced significantly by all salt treatments. However, sodium content was increased at all salinity levels used. As proline accumulation increased due to different salt treatments, relative water content of plant tissue was decreased in parallel way. From these results, it is suggested that all salinity levels used have adversely effect on faba-bean growth and ions accumulation.

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Article
الشك في نسبة كتاب نهج البلاغة لأمير المؤمنين علي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام

المؤلفون: محسن باقر القزويني
الصفحات: 153-172
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الخلاصة

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Article
The effect of crops types and soil Depths on, Calcium, Magnesium Sodium Saliniazation
تأثر أملاح الكالسيوم والمغنيسيوم والصوديوم بنوع المحصول وأعماق التربة

المؤلفون: مرتضى جليل إبراهيم
الصفحات: 163-175
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الخلاصة

An experimental Field was conducted in heavy soil texture ( clayey silt – silty ) was empirical in Hartha Research and Experimental station college Agriculture – Basrah University (35) km northern – east of Basrah city, to examine the effect of types crops ( wheat , Barley ) , and soil depths on calcium , Magnesium , Sodium Saliniazation . The method used was Factorial experimental Design with completely Blocks Randomized. The blocks represent three states:- Pre- cultivation, past – wheat cultivation and finally post – barley cultivation. There are two Factors in the experiment. The first factor ( A) represent six depths of soil : a1 ( 0-15) , a2(15-30) , a3( 30-45 ) , a4(45-60) a5(60-90 ) , and a6 ( 90-120) . The second factor ( B) represents six from ( cat ion and anion ) as Fellow b1( Calcium ) , b2(Magnesium ), b3 ( Sodium ) , b4( chloride ),b5(Sulphate) and b6( Bicarbonate).After complying collected data, and applying the statistical analysis with Correlation coefficient showed that:- Crops types (wheat and barley) were given highly significant at 0.01 level, especially barley when it was compared with pre- cultivation and post – wheat cultivation ,the level of factor (B) (cat ion and anion) showed highly Significant effects among them, except the relation from Calcium, Magnesium, and did not have any Significant. Soil depths have not significant differences . From all results which were collected they indicated that barley-cultivation gave better properties of soil rather than wheat- cultivation.

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Article
Preparing Aluminum Alloys to Spot Welding by using immersion coating (Electrical Resistance Welding).

المؤلفون: Jaleel Kareem Ahmed
الصفحات: 164-172
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الخلاصة

It is the first time that immersion coating phenomenon used for preparing aluminum alloys surface for spot welding. Concentrated aqueous alkaline sodium zincate solution was used to deposit zinc at room temperature and replace an equivalent weight of aluminum from the alloy (G3/5052 or A5/3003) surface which is underneath the electrical insulator aluminum oxide layer which acts as inhibitor for spot welding results in destroying its link to the surface and fall down in the solution as visual white powder, it is similar to shaving process.Zinc coat is then removed by 50% nitric acid. The electrical resistance of the new conducting surface results from this treatment shows a linear relation ship against time up to 30 hours from the time of removal zinc coat according to the equation. Y= 0.6 X + 3.5 and this indicates that the growth of aluminum oxide is regular during the first 30 hours from the time of exposure aluminum alloy surface to atmosphere. After this period (30 hours) the oxide film start to completion and its electrical resistance tends to be constant. The tensile strength of the welding spot shows a maximum value after 3 hours (19.3 kg/mm2) from the time of zinc coat removal (from the time of exposure of aluminum alloy to the atmosphere), but a linear relationship is found between tensile strength vs. time obeys the following equation:-Y= - 0.053X + 16.23 Where X between 6-48 hours after zinc coat removal.

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Article
نقد صورة الحيوان الشعرية عند المعري

المؤلفون: منذر إبراهيم حسين الحلي
الصفحات: 173-179
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الخلاصة

In our study of the image of animal in Al-Ma'ary's Poetry we found that this image, in spite of its excellence in many of its constructions is not empty of defects; his images are characterized with strangeness, ambiguity and imitation, a thing that puzzled researchers and critics when they examined these changes in performance. We tried to discuss their opinions and comments. We concluded that the animal image in Al-Ma'ary's Poetry can be divided into the following types: Simple – single , compound and comprehensive

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Article
Intercalations on α and gamma-Or-phosphate

المؤلفون: Abbas Matrood Bashi
الصفحات: 173-178
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الخلاصة

The intercalation of layered crystalline structures of some thoroughly investigated synthetic inorganic ion exchangers of some insoluble acid salts of tetravalent metals of general formula M(IV)(HXO4).nH2O where(M(IV)=Ti,Zr,Ce,Sn and X=P,As) have a layered structure, such layer consisting of a plane of tetravalent atoms sandwiched between tetrahedral phosphate or arsenate groups.

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Article
النفط ودوره في بناء العراق: رؤية مستقبلية

المؤلفون: حسن لطيف كاظم الزبيدي
الصفحات: 176-189
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الخلاصة

oil will Continue play an impotent role in Iraq future modify. Most recent analysis and studies refer to this fact “ that oil will be mane resource to the monetary and fiscal return, and its payments will be effective in whole economic status in country”.There are many reasons to the dangers damages in the petroleum firms and Crude Oil Reserves throw past years: the bade administration, backward of production technology, and dependent on hilly risks ways to increase production to maximum financial assets in prices fall.This study achieved its importance from seriousness of its subject, so fare that the overview of oil sector and diagnosis its problems and prospect its future needs many studies to remarking this problems and put some recommendations which may solve these problems.The basic hypothesis of This study are: oil will be the conclusive factor in construction of Iraq, and its payments will be the mane source to government activities, so that, we mast rationalize its role. The study discus many subjects are joined with development of petroleum industry, evaluation the recant conditions of this industry, then it shows the Production Possibilities of petroleum and the range which it reach in the future, and the discussion pass a way to the relationship between oil and economic growth and development, then it discuss the four options to the future of Iraqi oil: full privatization, Alaskan solution, Norse experience, and but the petroleum revenue under legislation authority supervising

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Article
The role of Corticosteroids in infants less than6 months with sever Bronchiolitis
دور الستيرويدات عند الرضع الأقل من ستة أشهر المصابين بالتهاب القصيبات الشديد.

المؤلفون: Faris M. Al-Haris
الصفحات: 179-184
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الخلاصة

A comparative study was done on 160 children aging ≤6 months with sever bronchiolitis admitted to Al- Zahraa maternity and children and Al-Hakeem hospital in AL - Najaf from the period between 1st January - 1st April 2006 , 80 of them received steroid and the other received placebo .The average days of improvement in those who received steroid was (4.122)while in placebo was (4.386) so the difference was( -0.264). In other wards the use of steroid in sebronchiolitis is not associated with statistically significant shortening of the clinical course of the disease .

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Article
طَفِّيَّات الشيخ صالح الكواز الحلي - دراسة موضوعية تحليلية -

المؤلفون: علي كاظم محمد علي المصلاوي
الصفحات: 180-199
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الخلاصة

In this Paper one of the shiit Imamat Poets has been tackled in a period full of great poets whose poems have been greatly concerened with love of and loyalty to Ahlu – Beit ( pbut ) , This poets Al – Sheikh Al – Kawaz Al – Hilli was famous of writing poems about Al – Imam Al – Hussein (pbut) and Al – Taff battle which have clearly shown what has taken place in it .The first part of the paper has include an introduction about the poets life and his literary position. The second is an outlook about " Al – Taffiyat " term which is preferred to a group of terms concered with Al – Taff battle literature among which is " Al – Taffiyat " term . This introduction is followed by three objective axes exemplified by Al – Imam Al – Hussein ( pbut ) and his companions , Zeinab' s ( pbut ) and the captives and then the poets voices .The paper ended with giving an idea abouy the conclusions of which the paper has come out with .

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Article
Euclidean Space , Vector permutation And Vec Operator

المؤلفون: Hussein Ali Mohammed
الصفحات: 185-192
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الخلاصة

In this project , we defined and proofed some properties of the vec and vech operators for matrices by using the standard bases of n-Eclidean space . we connected this standard bases with each of the Kronecker product operation of matrices and the permutation matrix.

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Article
Introduction a new cultivar of jute and development its planting under Iraqi conditions
إدخال أصناف جديدة من الجوت وتطوير زراعتها في ظروف العراق

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الخلاصة

Three cultivars of jute were obtained from International genetic resource called : Green Indian jute , Manchurian jute and P-22 in order to tested and develop its planting under Iraqi conditions , on other hand , their used in textile and papers manufactured . This study was carried out for four respectively seasons from 1999 2002 at three experimental stations e.g. (AL-Taji , Zafurania and Madain ) . Results show that the cultivar of green Indian exceeded significantly the other cultivars in all character’s that had been studied such as plant height , diameter of stem , number of tillering / plant , number of pods / plant and grain yield . However, the over all means of the characters that have been mentioned above , were plant height (25%) , diameter of stem ( 17% ) , number of tillering / plant (58% ) , number of pods / plant (14% ) and grain yield (98% ). Whereas, the average yield of the biomass was 22.11 tons / ha, which caused increased in the yield (38%) comparing with the cultivars that gaves the highest yield.

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Article
TRANSFERENCE – NUMBER MEASUREMENT OF SILVER NITRATE IN TETRAMETHYL UREA + WATER MIXTURE USING ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE METHOD
قياس عدد الانتقال لنترات الفضة في مزيج رباعي مثيل اليوريا والماء باستعمال طريقة القوة الدافعة الكهربائية

المؤلفون: H. E. Salman --- A. G. Rade
الصفحات: 193-202
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الخلاصة

An e.m.f. cell with transference similar in design to that developed by Rupert and recently by Braun Weingaertner has been fabricated. Using this cell, transference numbers of NO3‾ (tNO3‾ ) in AgNO3 have been measured in the concentration range 3.922× 10-4 to 11.2×10-3 mole dm-3 in 0.0606 mole fraction of tetra methyl urea (TMU) + water mixture at 298.15 K. The method is fast and reliable for transference number measurements of AgNO3 in mixed solvents. The transference number of NO3‾in the solvent mixture showed practically no change with a change in AgNO3 concentrations. The limiting transference number of NO3‾ (tْNO3‾) has been estimated by calculating the average of the transference number values of NO3‾ at different AgNO3 concentrations. Densities and specific conductivies of all solutions have been measured at 298.15 K. Values of Λ, the molar conductivity; have been used to derive the values of the molar conductivity at the infinite dilution (Λە).The value of Λە was then utilized to calculate the Walden product for the electrolyte in the solvent system at 298.15 K.

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Article
The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on the Growth of Date Palm Leaves Spot Fungi
تأثير بعض المستخلصات النباتية في نمو ثلاث فطريات مسببة لمرض تبقع أوراق نخيل التمر

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الخلاصة

The present study has been conducted at the laboratories of Date Palm Research Center to evaluate the inhibition efficiency of plant extract which were Clerodendron inerme, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Rhus coriaria at three concentrations (0.25, 0.5 and1%) on the radial and dry growth of some pathogenic fungi for date palm.Results of survey successed in isolation different groups of fungi ,and the fungi Alternaria alternata , A. chlamydospora and Ulocladium atrum, were the most abundant amongst isolated fungi, results of plant extracts test proved that Rhus coriaria Ethanolic extracts had the highest average of fungal growth inhibition percentage which were 43.23, 44.59, and 42.84% respectively, as a percentage of radial growth inhibition, and 65.38, 53.13 and 52.23% respectively, as percentage of dry growth inhibition.From obtained results it was clear the increasing of extract concentration (%) correlated positively with the inhibition percentage, against the growth of date palm leaf spot fungal pathogen

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Article
التأريـــخ الشعـــري و كتاب مجالي اللطف بأرض الطــــف

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الخلاصة

After finishing the research , it is necessary to review some of what has been earlier pointed out. The research starts with Introduction which shows the importance of historical poetic art .This art does not stop at the description of events , and convening the sentiments , but it records these events according to certain rules .The first section starts tackles the numbers to Arabs ,and the relation between numbers and letters .It also examines the origins of the historical poetic art , showing its roots , rules , the way sentences are counted , and how the poetic history is arrived at .The second section reviews with the book "Malialuf Bi Ardul Altaf " .In this book , there are instances of poetic histories which makes it the best practical application of what has been given in the first section .The research ends with a conclusion section .It surveys the important findings : Arabs have come to know this art for a long period of time which can not be specified accurately .In addition , this art play a part in recording the important happenings which the Arab society has witnessed individually and socially .

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Article
Steganography Using Error Correction Methods
الإخفاء باستخدام طرائق اكتشاف الخطأ

المؤلفون: وسام سمير بهية --- صفاء مهدي عبيس
الصفحات: 203-208
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الخلاصة

In this research, we benefit from error correction methods to hide some information. By hiding some bits in sent data, i.e. making benefit error, and then using error detection methods to get hidden bits and return original data. Here, we use Hamming code error detection method to apply this idea.

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Article
EFFECT OF SPRAYING PLANT EXTRACTS AND GROWTH REGULATORS ON FLOWERING OF SNAKE CUCUMBER (Cucumis melo var.flexuoses Naud) AND CUCUMBER (Cucumis sativus L.)
تأثير رش المستخلصات النباتية ومنظمات النمو النباتية في التزهير للنوعين النباتيين خيارالقثاء (Cucumis melo var.flexuoses Naud) والخيار (Cucumis sativus L.)

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الخلاصة

This experiment has been conducted on snak cucumber and cucumber in Abu-Al-Khassib region-Basrah, during the autumn growing seasons of 2002 and 2003, to study the effect of garlic extract at (0.5:1) and (1:1) (w:v), and the common liquorice extract at 1.25 and 2.5 g.l-1, IAA 25,50 and 75 mg.l-1 , and ethephon at 100,200,300 mg.l-1on the flowering of snake cucumber (cv.Khunaisry) and cucumber (cv.Beit alpha) plants.The design of each experiment were a randomized complete block design in three replications.The result showed that the formation of the male flower delayed at 2.5 g.l-1 liquorice extract and 200 mg.l-1 ethephon, 2.5 g.l-1 liquorice extract at the second season for snake cucumber, but it delayed at 0.5:1 garlic extract at the first season, 200 mg.l-1 ethepon at both seasons, (25 and 50) mg.l-1 (IAA) at the first and second season respectively for cucumber. The formation of the female flower earliness at 300 mg.l-1 ethphon for both plants at both seasons and also earliness at 75 mg.l-1 (IAA) and 100 mg.l-1 ethephon at second season for cucumber. The number of female flowers increased at 2.5 g.l-1 liquorice extract for both plants and 1:1 garlic extract at second seasons for cucumber. Also IAA and ethphon increased female flowers at both seasons for both plants.The increase of plant extracts and growth regulators conc. decreased sex ratio and increased fruit set. Ehephon at conc. (300 mg.l-1) gave the highest number of female flowers and fruits set and the lowest number of male flowers and sex ratio.

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Article
Underlying Rates of Binomial Distributed Traffic Accident Data
المعدلات الأساسية لبيانات الحوادث المرورية ذات التوزيع الثنائي الحدين

المؤلفون: Hussein A. Ewadh --- Abdul Hussein H. Habieb
الصفحات: 209-216
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الخلاصة

Traffic accident data is considered as an efficient tool to identify the degree of hazard at different locations of highway system. An accurate estimation of underlying true traffic accident rate may lead to efficient and economic safety improvement program. Accident data can be considered as random variables that have Poisson or non-Poisson distributions. A regular variation of accident data may reveal to the appropriateness of the Binomial distribution. A procedure to estimate underlying true accident rate as well as optimum time-period of accident counts for Poisson process is available while it is not for non-Poisson process.This paper proposes a new procedure to estimate the upper & lower limits of underlying accident rates depending on the observed accident rate of accident data having Binomial distribution according to different confidence degrees. The procedure includes testing data for randomness and the appropriate probability distribution that fits the data.The optimum time-period of traffic accident data provides a relatively precise estimation of underlying rate of accidents and minimizes cost of data collection as well as the social-economic losses associated in traffic accidents. A time-period beyond five years shows a relatively small decrease in the proportional uncertainty of the estimated underlying rates. Hence, a time-period of five years is sufficient for the purpose of estimation in case of binomial distributed traffic accident data. The developed procedure is a statistically reliable for purposes of programs identification of hazardous locations that may depend on the true underlying rates rather than the observed rates.


Article
مضمون الاسطورة والرمزية بين نيما يوشيج وبدر شاكر السياب (( أدب مقارن ))

المؤلفون: عمران سلمان موسى
الصفحات: 211-216
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الخلاصة

Between Nima yushige and Badr shaker AL – sayab Nima Yushige and Badr shaker AL-Sayab were two contemporary Poets who lived within and after the Second World War events .the former live in lran , while the latter lived in lraq , and both were ones of the poets who established the free poetry , though the former was earlier in this field . The two poets used legend and symbolism as a strong weapon to express the bitter reality of their countries.Their styles were very distinguished in expressing and performing what lies on their shoulders, and evoking the feelings of the people towards what they suffer.Therefore they entered the world of contemporary poetry, and in return it immortalized their remembrance in the pages of poetry history in general.However, the people of the two poets will never forget what they had of patriotic situations, which led in one way or another to evoking emotions of their countries people, and they were Resembled in such situations, although they wrote sort of separately.Worth mentioning the two poets were under the effect of the European contemporary culture.

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Article
THE EFFECT OF SERVICE TYPE , LEVEL OF MILK PRODUCTION AND CALVING SEASON IN SOME REPRODUCTIVE TRAITS IN FRISIAN CATTLE
تأثير نوع التلقيح ومستوى أنتاج الحليب وموسم الولادة في عدد من الصفات التناسلية لدى ماشية الفريزيان

المؤلفون: وسن جاسم الخزرجي
الصفحات: 212-218
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at Al-Ishaki Dairy Cattle Station , Al-Ishaki (50 km north of Baghdad) and over the period from 2000 to 2004 , 1215 and 952 records of production traits.This investigated was conducted at Al- Ishaki Dairy Cattle Station, Al-Ishaki (50 km north of Baghdad), and over the period from 2000 to 2004, 810 records (278 Friesian cows) of reproductive traits (days open, service per conception, calving interval and gestation period) produced by Friesian were analyzed statistically. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of fixed factors (type of service , level of milk production and calving season) in above reproductive traits. The General Linear Model (GLM) within the SAS program was used to the effects of fixed factors in reproductive traits. The overall mean of days open , service per conception , calving interval and gestation period were 119.83 days , 2.48 services, 399.54 days and 279.71 days respectively. Type of service significantly (P<0.05) affected in days open and calving interval and highly significantly (P<0.01) in service per conception, except in gestation period lacked significance. Effected level of milk production in reproductive traits in this study were significant, except in gestation period lacked significance. Calving season highly significant affected in service per conception, whereas, effect then calving season in days open, calving interval and gestation period non significance. The used of naturally service of Friesian cows increased performance of cows in herd according to reproductive traits in this study comparative with artificial insemination, they are of utmost importance for increased number of cows the naturally service in this station.

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Article
Solution of Delay Fractional Differential Equations by Using Linear Multistep Method
حل المعادلات التفاضلية الكسرية التباطؤية باستخدام طريقة متعدد الخطوات الخطية

المؤلفون: Basim K. AL-Saltani
الصفحات: 217-222
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الخلاصة

The objective of this paper to find the solution of delay fractional differential equations as well as, their numerical solution. The modification was mode by introducing the new method which is linear multistep methods, which is solving numerically ordinary differential equations, delay differential equations and delay fractional differential equations. Furthermore this paper presents the statement and proof of the fundamental theorem of convergent and stability of delay fractional differential equations, this had been done with some modification.

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Article
دَلالةُ المكانِ في شِعْرِ الشَّريفِ الرَّضي

المؤلفون: حافـــــــظ كوزي المنصـــــوري
الصفحات: 217-227
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الخلاصة

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Article
Measurement of threshold temperature required for nymphal stage development of Aphis fabae Scop.
قياس درجة الحرارة الحرجة اللازمة لنمو الاطوار الحورية لحشرة مَن الباقلاء الأسودAphis fabae Scop

المؤلفون: جميل جري يوسف --- زينب علي حسين
الصفحات: 219-222
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الخلاصة

The aim of this investigation was to measure the threshold temperature required for nymphal stage developments of Aphis fabae Scop., Which was used as prediction of biological activities of this insect, in order to control it in field. The results showed that the threshold temperature degree required for nymphal stage developments was 5.65C, and under this temperature no development was occurred. Also, the result showed that the average units of degree- day required for the four nymohal stage developments were 25.64, 33.33, 38.46 and 45.45 degree- day respectively.

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Article
Distribution of multi – drug resistant bacteria among hospital effluent

المؤلفون: Ahlam K.Naeem --- Alyaa E. Bashboosh --- Abdullah O. Al-Hatami
الصفحات: 223-226
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الخلاصة

The present study was curried out to estimate the spread of multi – drug resistant (MDR) bacterial from hospital effluent to the municipal sewage system. The total viable count of bacterial populations in hospital effluents was ranging from 10 colony forming unit(CFU)/ml for Serratia marcescens to 500 CFU/ml for Echrishia. coli in three hospitals; The percent of MDR bacteria population in all these hospitals ranged from (5%) Serratia marcescens to (97%) Echirishia. coli..Furthermore, the MDR bacteria carried simultaneous resistance for most commonly used antibiotics and obviously the spread of such MDR bacteria to the community is a matter of grave concern.

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Article
The effect of fertilizer rate and sowing depth on the some growth characteristics and yield and its components for three wheat cultivars(Triticum aestivum L.)
تأثير التسميد النتروجيني وأعماق الزراعة في بعض صفات النمو والحاصل ومكوناته لثلاثة اصناف من حنطة الخبز Triticum aestivum L.

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الخلاصة

An experiment was carried out at Yosefiya which located(30)km from Baghdad .three wheat cultivars were tested (IPA95,Rashid,and Sally) . Three fertilizer rates were applied (no fertilizer ,200kg N and 300kg N/ha) and two sowing depth were used (4and8cm) . Results showed that Shallow planting gave siginificant influence on plant height ,lodging index, number of spike/m2and grain yield. Whereas ,deep planting had significant effect on spike length ,number of spikelet /spike and number of grains /spike. In general sally cultivar gave the highest lodging index and Al- Rashed Cultivar gave the highest weight of 1000 grains and spike length.While IPA95 Cultivar gave the highest leaf area index ,number of spikes/m2 and numper of grains/ spike . the interaction between cultivar and fertility treatment was significant on the most studied traits while the interaction between Cultivar ,fertilizer treatment and sowing depth was not significant. fertilizer treatment of 300kgn/ha was superizer on the most studied characters.The highest yield was 4.2 ton/ hectare for the cultivar IPA95 with the fertilizer treatment of 300Kg N/hectare .

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Article
Partial purification of tannins from Quercus infectoria galls and the study of its effect on some isolated skin pathogenic microorganisms.
"التنقية الجزئية للتانينات من أعفاص نبات البلوط Quercus in fectoria ودراسة تأثيرها على بعض الأحياء المجهرية الجلدية الممرضة "

المؤلفون: Ali Abdulkadhm AL-Ghanimi --- Aziz Yasir AL-Ethari --- Husain Kadhm Abdulhusain
الصفحات: 227-234
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الخلاصة

Five methods were used for the extraction of tannins from Quercus infectoria galls. Results revealed that extraction with acetone (70%) was the best.Biochemical detection showed the existence of tannins and glycosides in the gall extract, with no alkaloids and essential oils.As regards biological test, the gall extract was very efficient in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogens, Pseudomonas auroginosa and the dermatophytic fungi: Trichophyton mentagrophytes.Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) were 5 and 10 mg/ml for S. aureus and P. auroginosa, respectively.A partial purification for the above- mentioned extract was conducted. The purification steps included extraction with acetone (70%), extraction with ethanol (95%) and adsorption chromatography with Sephadex LH-20.

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Article
الإستراتيجية الأمريكية في العراق (دراسة في الجيوبولتك)

المؤلفون: فاضل حسن الياسري
الصفحات: 228-241
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الخلاصة

One of the strategic goals sought after in achieuing this mission was conquering the Arab Gulf even if it means putting in location all the avilable armed forces against whoever threatens its welfare the importance of this regoin lies in its oil resources in view in the fact that the Arab Gulf is one of the largest oil field in the world it has more than 60% of worlds oil resereves. More over, America adopted a devious policy of extending power through the invasion of Iraq which is assumed to be a strategic objective , as Iraq holds the second largest oil reserve in the world thus, with Americas hands on Iraqi oil , it will be capable of imposing a compromise on the palestinian people with American – Zionist terms and putting the Arab regimes in a critical situation. All this , is to ensure the security and sovereignty of Tsrael. Another reason forinvading Traq is to fight terrorism outsid the American borders , particulary, by making Iraq territories abalte field against terroism.

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Article
Effect of Crossover and Mutation Probabilities on Solving Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) in Genetic Algorithm
تاثير احتمالية التزاوج واحتمالية الطفرة في حل مسالة البائع الجوال باستخدام الخوارزمية الجينية

المؤلفون: Dhmyaa A. Al-Nasrawy --- Kathem A.A. Al-Rushdy
الصفحات: 235-238
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الخلاصة

The aim of this paper is to explaining the effect of the probability of Crossover and mutation for solutions the Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) in a Genetic Algorithm (GA). Order Crossover (OX) and exchange mutation operators have been used with experiment Law Crossover Probability ( Pc < 0.5) ,and high Mutation Probability ( Pm > 0.5 ).

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Article
The effect of soil fertilization with DAP and foliar spray of boron on the nutritional status and some fruit quality characteristics of apple trees cv. "Anna".
تأثير التسميد الأرضي بالـ DAP والرش ألورقي بالبورون في الحالة الغذائية وبعض الصفات النوعية لثمار أشجار التفاح صنف "Anna".

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الخلاصة

An experiment was carried out in a private orchard (30 km) north east Kerbala' city on 9 – year – old apple trees cv. "Anna". This experiment included two levels of diammonium phosphate (DAP) (0 and 1 kg/tree) interacted with three concs . of boron (0,10 and 20 ) mg /l as foliar application . The aim of this experiment was to assess the influence of these factors and their interactions on macronutrients concs . in leaves and fruits as well as on some fruit quality characteristics. A completely randomized design was adopted, included 6 treatments (2x3) for DAP and B concs. respectively with three replicates .Treatment means were compared using L.S.D.at 5% probability level . The following results were obtained : 1- Soil fertilization with DAP significantly increased leaves and fruits N,P,K,Ca and B , whereas, Mg conc. was decreased . 2- Foliar application of boron markedly increased leaves P,K,Ca and B and fruits N,P,K,Ca and B as well as all characteristics of fruit quality , while, Mg was decreased . 3- The interaction between these two factors significantly increased leaves P,Ca ,Mg and B as well as fruits N,P,Mg,B and (T.S.S.).

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Article
The Activity of Aqueous Extract of Cuminum cyminum L. and Hibiscus sabdariffa L. against Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Trichophyton rubum and Detection of Some their Active Chemical Groups.
دراسة قدرة المستخلصات المائية لنباتي الكمون والكجرات على تثبيط نمو الفطرين الممرضين Trichophyton mentagrophytes و Trichophyton rubum والكشف عن بعض مجاميعها الكيمياوية الفعالة

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الخلاصة

The development of more effective and less toxic antifungal agents is required for the treatment of dermatophytosis. The studies about the effect of plant extract against different types of fungi are still one of the most important fields of researches because they are available, cheep, and safe. Dermatophytes are fungi that can cause infections (known as tinea) of the skin, hair and nails because of their ability to use keratin. In this work, two plant extracts Hibiscus sabdariffa (H. sabdariffa) and Cuminum cyminum (C. cyminum) were tested for there possible biological activity against two dermatophytosis Trichophyton rubrum (T. rubrum) and Trichophyton mentagrophytes (T. mentagrophytes). Boiled aqueous extracts of both plants at the following concentrations (5, 7.5, and 10%) were used after cooling. Agar dilution method was used to examine the biological activity of each extract and the results expressed as diameter of colonies in (mm). The tests for functional groups that can be extracted by water were carried out. Hence, alkaloids, saponines, tannins, glycosides were screened using a suitable method while oils noticed as upper layer (if present).The results of both plants showed that the inhibition of fungal growth is dependent on the concentration of plant extract. The T. mentagrophytes is more sensitive in growth than T. rubum in response to both plant extracts. In general, there is no statistical difference (p>0.05) in the activity of both aqueous extracts against the two fungi. The pHs of 10% solution of C. cyminum and H. sabdariffa extract were 5.95 and 2.40, respectively. In C. cyminum there are detectable amounts of essential oils, glycosides and high amounts of tannins while alkaloids and saponines are not detectable using the described methods. In Hibiscus sabdariffa, there is a detectable amount of saponines, glycosides, and high amounts of tannins while there are no positive results for essential oils and alkaloids.In conclusion, the aqueous extracts of H. sabdariffa and C. cyminum have antifungal activity at concentrations ≥5%. There is no significant difference in the antifungal activity between the aqueous extract of H. sabdariffa and C. cyminum against both fungi. In general, both fungi showed same growth inhibition in response to both plant extracts. The results indicated that both of the plant extracts used in the present work are acidic (pH<7) and H. sabdariffa had higher acidity than cumin indicated the presence of different acidic compound in the extract. The acidity affects the growth of fungi and may decrease the rate of growth. This antifungal activity of the plant extract may be due, in part, to the presence of different active substances in the extracts. The results can be explained through the presence of different active substances, especially tannins and glycosides, of in the aqueous extract of both plants. More studies are required to isolate the specific antifungal compounds and to use the extract clinically.


Article
اية الله العظمى محمد كاظم اليزدي (سيرته * مواقفه السياسية ازاء ابرز أحداث عصره)

المؤلفون: علي طاهر تركي
الصفحات: 242-252
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الخلاصة

Sayed Mohammmmed Kadhum Alyazdi one of the most famous references who left great effect after their depart .Due to their role, he acted as much as they he in different fields socially and politically.Now we are in concern of offering of the curriculum of pattern of these references hopping to adduce the curriculum of the other in the following researches, as God may help us to mention those who lived to be immortal like the gold. Chain which son of (Imam Alhassan Alzaky) peace upon him son of (Alimam Ali Bin Abi Talib) peace upon him. He had born in (Iran)and lived as simple ascetic citizen in his life due to his inclination for the ascetic then he came to (Alnajag Alashraf) asking for scientific after that he left it to (Alfirdaws)as he became famouse refrence. The fates wanted him to play basic role in the political life in spite of his declarations not to participate in the political events due to ugly laws in the politician which it may affect him one day , and that what really happened when he was accused by some of his enemies that he is agent to the English party , in spite of his adherence in with a national situation which has been appeared clearly when he refused to leave (Alnajaf) alone as trial to save him from what they do to the city . He said (The people of Alnajaf are my kinsfolk. His imitators loved him too much to a degree that some of ctozens were blessed the selves by the dust on which his feet touch.I have reached out in my this research his curriculum from his ascribing ,his birth his scientific graduation till he became reference to the peoples whom they were come to him from every where seeking for the imitation and casuistry beside his role in the Iran constitution or what was known (Almashrootya) and his resistance to the British occupation to Iraq represented by his assistance to peoples in Najaf revolution in 1918.

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Article
أثر استخدام الحاسوب في تحصيل تلاميذ الخامس الابتدائي في مادة العلوم

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الخلاصة

يتسم عصرنا الحالي بالتقدم العلمي والتقني الهائل والذي ساهم في احداث كثير من التغيرات في شتى ميادين الحياة المختلفه ،الاجتماعيه والثقافيه ،والاقتصاديه والتربويه وغيرها . وقد دخل مجتمعنا عصر التقنيه من اوسع ابوابها فهو احد المستهلكين لمنتجاتها المتنوعه ، لتنمية الدوله ذاتها وافرادها عليها مواكبة غيرها من الدول المتقدمه والمتحضره. ولم يعد ممكنا ترك العمليه التعليميه بمراحلها المختلفه دون ان نتناول هذه التكنلوجيا الحديثه لمسايرة التطورات السريعه في هذا العصر لذا غدا التطور والتحديث من خلال التخطيط الجيد من اهم الاهداف التي يسعى التربويون لتحقيقها لتلبية احتياجات المجتمع ومطالب نمو المتعلمين لقد ادركت امم كثيرة اهمية التخطيط لبناء مجتمع متقدم يكون اساسه العلم والمعرفه . (وزارة التربية والتعليم ،دولة قطر ،تكنلوجيا الحاسوب والعملية التعليمية .انترنت) قدمت التكنلوجيا الحديثه وسائل وادوات لعبت دورا كبيرا في تطوير اساليب التعليم والتعلم في السنوات الاخيرة ،كما اتاحت هذه الوسائل الفرصة لتحسين اساليب التعليم والتي من شأنها ان توفر المناخ التربوي الفعال الذي يساعد على اثارة اهتمام التلاميذ ومواجهة مابينهم من فروق فرديه بأسلوب فعال .وبأستمرارالثوره التقنيه في الاتساع والانتشار انتجت الحاسوب الذي يمثل نقله نوعيه بل تحديا لكل ما سبقه من ابتكارات او ادوات يمكن ان نستخدمها في حياتنا اليوميه ، لم يكن علماء التربيه بمنأى عن التطورات اليوميه الجاريه فقاموابالبحث والتجريب للتعرف على القدرات التعليميه الكامنه في امكانيات حاسوب المتعددة والمتشعبه ، وبعد تلك الجهود البحثية اتضح ان جهاز الحاسوب هو يساعد الطالب على اكتساب المهارات الاساسيه للتعليم. ( الزيادي ،2006) وان الكومبيوتر يسهم في تحسين العمليات التعليميه ذاتها عن طريق تفريد التعليم وبرمجة المواد التعليميه وتطوير نظم تقديمها وقد دلت الدراسات على زيادة التحصيل الدراسي عند التعلم بمعونه الكومبيوتر وان التعلم عن طريقه يتكافأ مع الطرق الاخرى ، وانه يحسن التعليم لدى التلاميذ ذوي الخبرات المنخفضه والبطيئين في التعلم ، كما دلت الدراسات على اختزال زمن التعلم بالكومبيوتر بالمقارنه بالزمن المستغرق في الطرق التقليديه وانه يساعد.التلاميذ على الاكتشاف بأنفسهم والاستمتاع بلتعليم وعدم السلبية بما تقوم به التلاميذ من تفاعل ونشاط ومشاركة وانه يساعد في التنسيق بين اليد والعين ويعمل على التعلم الفردي وفق المعدل ويشجع على التفكير الابتكاري وقد قسم الفرجاني عبد العظيم وظائف الكمبيوتر في التعليم الى قسمين هما .(شبكة المنتديات ،الاستخدامات التعليمية للكمبيوتر ،انترنت )

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDY TO EVALUATE THE PERFORMANCE OF FOUR STROKE PETROL ENGINE

المؤلفون: Haitham Remdhan Abed Ali
الصفحات: 249-259
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الخلاصة

Experimental and theoretical study to know the performance of four strokes petrol engine (bore = 66.69 mm, stroke = 49.23 mm) is produced at different engine speed (2000, 2500, 3000 and 3600 rpm) and compression ratio (=7.38) which is choiced equal to the compression ratio of the test engine to ease the comparison. The study consists of torque, brake power, specific fuel consumption, and volumetric efficiency and Air/Fuel ratio. The comparison between experimental and theoretical studies gave good agreement.

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Article
العلاقات المكانية للتلوث في مدينة الهندية

المؤلفون: سلمى عبد الرزاق عبد
الصفحات: 253-269
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الخلاصة

The humane being's successes in progress and civility bladders caused a rabid Negative effects on a human being's life . The most important event is the pollution of surrounding environment in different shapes which makes an effect on surrounding air ,water , soil and the materials which are used by human being and these cause healthy , economic psychological dangers for human being . The quick population growth for Al- Hindy a town during the half previous century especially in the last years caused in crease needs on water , soil which are used in domenstic , agricultural and industrial us age in addition to increase the request on transportation in different types . The industrial weight which is found in Al – Hindya such as fuel stations , gas stations , building materials places , ice industrial , seed mills , cake shops , backe houses , furnaces and the electric generaters inside the population quarters . All these industrial of companies dispose of their solid refuse by putting them in high collection among population Quarters . At the some time they liquid waste in the Al – Hindya river , so Alhindya river carries the greatest weight because it is the main resource to surface water in the town . This study contains details to the ideal ways to industrial companies which occupied a big areas of land and the us age of waters in great amount . In addition to the solutions which are put to solve some polluted re sources to ideal with Al – Hindya town as a practical condition to emphasize as a model in this industrial . which has a direct influence on air , water and solid

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Article
تقدير المكافىء الوراثي لبعض الصفات الانتاجية لدجاج اللكهورن بأستعمال REML ، ML ، MIVQUE ، TYPE1
Estimation of heritability for some productive traits in Leghorn hens by using REML , ML , MIVQUE and TYPE1

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted at the poultry farm of Animal Resources Department, College of Agriculture, Baghdad University, Abu-Gharib over period from Janu.2005 to Sep.2005 on White Leghorn (24 sire , 131 dam ,336 progeny ). The aim of the research is to make a comparison between age and weight at sexual maturity as adjustment factors on some traits (egg weight, egg number and egg mass) and the effect of each of them on estimation of heritability by using fourth methods .General Linear Model (GLM) within the SAS program 2001 was used. Component of variance for the random effects in the employed mixed model were estimated by fourth methods REML , ML , MIVQUE , TYPE1 . Heritability estimated for egg weight after adjusting for age at sexual maturity using REML,ML.MIVQUE and TYPE1 were 0.34 , 0.32 . 0.26 .0.32 and for egg number 0.69 , 0.66 , 0.51 , 0.63 and for egg mass 0.44 , 0.42 , 0.34 , 0.42 . , whereas the corresponding estimates of heritability of the same traits after adjusting for weight at sexual maturity were 0.31 , 0.29 , 0.25 , 0.30 and 0.68 , 0.65 , 0.65 , 0.50 , 0.62 and 0.47 , 0.45 , 0.37 , 0.45 respectively .

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Article
GENETIC EVALUATION OF SOME REPRODUCTIVE EFFECINIECY INDICATOR IN HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN CATTLE
التقييم الوراثي لبعض مؤشرات الكفاءة التناسلية لدى ماشية الهولشتاين فريزيان

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الخلاصة

At the Nasr and Al-Ishaki Dairy Cattle Station, 944 , 931 and 977 records of period from cow birth to first service(BFC), cow birth to first days open (BDO) and age at first calving (AFC) belonged to Holstein Friesian cattle were analyzed statistically.The aim of present study is to investigate the estimate of genetic variance after adjustment of fixed effects and to estimate genetic parameters of traits.The Bolls of Holsteins Friesian at the both Station were evaluated genetically due to their daughters BFC , BDO and AFC. The General Linear Model (GLM) in the SAS program was used to study the effects of stable factors (season & year of birth and herd). Components of variance for the random effects in the employed mixed model were estimated by the Restricted Maximum Likelihood procedure. The Harvey program was also used to estimate BLUP values. The overall means for the BFC , BDO and AFC were 19.43, 21.51 and 30.91 month respectively. Season of birth significantly (P<0.05) affected on BFC and BDO, whereas, effects year of birth on physiological traits highly significant, herd affected significantly on BDO (P<0.05) and AFC(P<0.01). The heritability of the BFC , BDO and AFC were 0.38 , 0.29 and 0.35 respectively. BLUP (Best Linear Unbiased Prediction) estimates displayed a wide range among bolls included in the current study. Therefore, they are of utmost importance for selection programs aiming at reducing and curtailing of bolls.

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Article
Non-Linear Analysis Spur Gear Mesh by Finite Element Method
التحليل اللاخطي لتعشيق ترس عدل باستخدام طريقة العناصر المحددة

المؤلفون: Ali Hammoudi. AL-Wazir --- Amal A. Abdullah
الصفحات: 260-273
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الخلاصة

Gearing is one of the most critical components in mechanical power transmission systems ,the characteristics of an involute gear system including contact stresses, bending stresses, and the transmission errors (T.E.) for a given was performed on spur gear set.. Transmission error is considered to be one of the main contributors to noise and vibration in a gear set. Transmission error measurement has become popular as an area of research on gears and is possible method for quality control. To estimate transmission error in a gear system, the characteristics of involute spur gears were analyzed by using the finite element method. The contact stresses were examined using 2-D FEM models in ver (8). The results indicate that combined torsional mesh stiffness increases at double pair of teeth and decreased in single pair teeth due to mesh cycle and the change in torsional mesh stiffness leads to change in transmission error that causes noise and vibration.

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Article
Comparative Study of Fungi in the Air of Kerbala City.
دراسة مقارنة لفطريات الهواء الجوي لمدينة كربلاء

المؤلفون: بان طه محمد --- لادن طه محمد
الصفحات: 263-267
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الخلاصة

The research was carried out during November and December, 2002. This research included comparison of air fungi in a specific area in Kerbala city during crowd and normal days . This study proved that, Aspergillus showed the highest per cent of occurrence in normal and crowd days . A.fumigatus species and Penicillium which gave high per cent of occurrence, frequency and DII in crowd days compared with other fungi on the other hand , A. niger and A.flavus gave high percent of occurrence, frequency and DII in normal days compared with other fungi . These fungi were considered as an indicator for air pollution and pathogenic for human.

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Article
تأثير ملوثات البيئة في بعض المؤشرات التشريحية والمظهرية لنباتي الدودينيا والنبق

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الخلاصة

This study has been performed on four different positions in the Najaf governorate in order to pursue the effect of pollutants resulted from the transport means and industries ( Al- Kufa Cement Factory ),Kufa –Najaf street and AL-Abbassia region ( as a control ) on two kinds of plants which are commonly grown in the Iraqi cities, especially in the middle regions. . These plants are: Dodonaea Viscosa and Zizyphus Spina -Christi . This study involved a comparison among the leaves of the plants grown at the experiment sites, A. Anatomic side: a comparison between the thickness of it’s layers starting from the upper cuticle, upper epidermis, palisade layer, spongy layer, lower epidermis and lower cuticle. B. Morphological side : through observing the symptomatic signs of the effect which appeared on the leaves , besides the comparison among the growth rates of the plant’s side branches and those of the plant leaves length and width which had been studied during the periods 2000-2001, 2001-2002. The results were analyzed by finding out the standard deviation, standard error, the thickness of leaf’s layers and the length and width of the leaves. The comparison was also achieved among the growth rates of the side branches of the plants used in the study. The results of the experiment showed the following: 1. The effect of the pollutants of vehicles on the plants is more than the effects of the industries with few differences compared with control region and college region. 2. Decreased in the average growth of the side branches and the length and width of the both studied plant leaves of plants in (Najaf –Kufa street) site and Kufa Cement Factory in comparison with the control site (AL- Abbasya) and the college site. 3. Damage of plant leaves layers (its thickness) in (Kufa-Najaf Street) more than other region of experiment. 4. The appearance of Necrosis disease symptoms on the Dodonaea and Zizyphus leaves in ( Najaf – Kufa street).

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Article
دراسة مقارنة لاتجاهات الطلبة في المرحلة الثانوية نحو الفرع العلمي ، بين المدينة والريف

المؤلفون: عبدالستار حمود عداي
الصفحات: 270-282
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الخلاصة

The role of youth in any nation is so important since they are the vital cell that flows out vividness and grace in the body of society. They are the continuous spring that gives new energies for life, so, there is developed society which have not made the youth the foremost of its interests and developing plans.Youth are characterized as they are more ready to receive new ideas and believe in them and follow the new things and characterized by seriousness and supplied with knowledge, and search on expertise from different means and responses in their utmost energy.Hence, the importance of the current research comes to know the attitudes of students in the secondary school towards the scientific department, the reasons behind that for endeavoring to change or mend them in what serve the interest of individual and society. Because that knowledge began with the individual conduct towards his study and future which forms part of the society, as well as they are to amend or change that conduct.The current research aims at investigating the mentioned attitude of students towards the scientific departments in urban and suburb.Comparing these attitudes according to sex and resident parameter.The search community is made up of 3399 students (both sexes) , the sample is made up of 233 students in 36 males from urban, and 9 suburbs, and 27 female students and 80 from suburb. As for the research tool , the measurements of attitude items were 20 items, and the steadfastness and validity of the research were derived , and the suitable statistic means were used.The research reached the following: Female in suburbs are more willing and real in their attitude towards the scientific departments than males in the two sides on urban females. The attitude of student in general towards the scientific departments in urban is stronger than urban students.

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Article
Effect of plant extracts and growth regulators on endogenous hormones and carbohydrate of snak cucumber (Cucumis melo var.Flexueses Naud) and cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)
تأثير رش بعض المستخلصات النباتية ومنظمات النمو النباتية في المحتوى الهرموني الداخلي والكاربوهيدرات للنوعين النباتيين خيار القثاء (Cucumis melo var.flexuoses Naud) والخيار (Cucumis sativus L.)

المؤلفون: Abbas M.Jasim --- Awatif N.Jerry --- Murtadhah H. Fayadh
الصفحات: 274-283
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الخلاصة

Two experiments were conducted during the growing seasons of 2002 and 2003 to find out the effect of garlic extract at (1: 0.5) and (1:1) (wt:volume) concentration and Liqurous extract at 1.25 and 2.50 mg/ L and growth regulator IAA at 25 ,50 and 75 mg/ L and ethephon at 100,200,300 mg/ L on endogenous hormones (auxins and gibberellins) and carbohydrates at three growth stage of snak cucumber and cucumber which were ; third to fourth true leaf stage, male flower appearance stage and female appearance stage . Random1zed complete block design was used with three replications for both experiments. Results showed a decrease in gibberellins and increase in auxins contents in both plants by the treatments of IAA (75 mg/L) and ethephon at (200,300 mg/L). Gibberellins contents decreased significantly by Liqurous at 2.50 gm/L for both plants in the second season only whereas, auxins contents increased by treatment of garlic (1:1) and Liqurous (2.5 gm/L) in cucumber for both seasons. Carbohydrates contents decreased at IAA (25 and 50 mg/L) for both season and increased in second season by ethephon in snake cucumber and by IAA (75mg/L) in the first season in cucumber. Male flowers appearance stage gave highest gibberellins contents compare to other stages. Female flowers appearance stage gave highest auxins and carbohydrates contents compare to other stages. Ethephon at 300mg/L treatment at female flower appearance stage gave the lowest gibberellins and highest auxins and carbohydrates for both plant and seasons.

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Article
معاملة بذور الحنطة بالمبيدات الفطرية ومنظم النمو السايكوسيل لحمايتها من الإصابة بالفطر Fusarium graminearum schwabe

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of some fungicides and growth regulator cycocel in protection of wheat from infection by Fusarium graminearum .The results showed that radial and dry weight were inhibited completely in solid and liquid media, the treatment of solid and liquid media with different concentrations (ppm) of growth regulator cycocel led to inhibit the radial and dry weight with percentage of inhibition 53.32 and 77 %, which treated with Cryptanol and Beltanol fungicides respectively. The results of laboratory experiment explained the efficiency of seed treatment with recombination {cryptanol fungicide +cyocel (1000ppm)}in reduction of pathogenic effect of Fusarium graminearum on studied growth and yield parameters, followed by recombination{Beltanol+Cycocel}.


Article
موقــع الضبـط لدى الأطبــاء

المؤلفون: عبد الستار حمود عداي
الصفحات: 283-295
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الخلاصة

The medical career is considered one of the services that point out the development of the society . It is important is derived from that it is the maintaining means of human beings . Also , it works a healthy environment for the workers both for the private and general section . thus , it shares a grout responsibility with these employed in medical career . This responsibility is called , the locus of control , since the locus of control is a personal matter , the study is writes for the difference in the individual conduct , including doctors themselves . Because of the rapid changes that happened in all the societies , including our society , it induces many positive matters , and some a negative ones , one of which is the variation of individuals at the same internal locus of control , and the external variable as an important variable in the human conduct the research – paper aims at : 1. The measurement of the locus of control in the doctors . 2. The measurement of the locus of control in the doctors according the gender variable ( male – female).

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Article
Preparation and Determination Studies of Cobalt(III) and Nickel(II) Ions With New Reagent 2-[(6-Nitro-2-benzothiazolyl)azo ]-1-naphthol (α-NBTAN)by Spectrophotometric Methods

المؤلفون: Khalid. J. Al-adely --- Yussra. O. Mussa --- Abid Allah. M. Ali
الصفحات: 284-294
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الخلاصة

New heterocyclic azo dye reagent 2-[(6-Nitro-2-benzothiazolyl)azo]-1-naphtha(α-NBTAN=LH) and two complexes with Co(III) and Ni(II) have been prepared and characterized by using elemental analysis and vibrational spectra. A direct method has been developed for the spectrophotometric determination of microgram amounts of cobalt and nickel. This method sensitive, selective and rapid between Co(III) and Ni(II) with reagent (α-NBTAN) to form a color complexes. The molar absorptivity (Є) of the complexes are 2.51× 103 L. mol-1.cm-1 and 1.03 x103 L. mol-1.cm-1 at maximum absorptions ( λmax ) 629 nm and 625 nm for Co(III) and Ni(II) complexes respectively . The relative standard deviations, relative errors and recovery for Co(III) and Ni(II) complexes were : R.S.D%=1.16, 0.516, Re = 98.57, 97.14, D.L= 0.237, 0.537 and Erel % = 1.42, 1.12 respectively. The metal to ligand ratio (M : L) of complexes are (1 : 2) by using the mole ratio and slop ratio methods .

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Article
Effect of Fertilization by Ammonium Sulphate and Naphthalene Acetic Acid Spraying on the Growth , Yield Components and Medical Substance ‘Glutathione’ for Onion Crop (Allium cepa L.)
تأثير التسميد بكبريتات الأمونيوم و الرش بنفثالين حامض الخليك في نمو وحاصل و محتوى المادة الطبية Glutathione لمحصول البصل (Allium cepa L.)

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted at Babylon Governorate in AL-Musaib farms during the growth season of 2004/2005 to study the effect of fertilization by Ammonium Sulphate NH4(SO4)2 at levels (0 , 90 and 180 kg/D) and spraying by Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) at concentration (0 , 75 , 100 and 150 mg/L) for one time at vegetative growth (after 50 days of rise) on growth , yield components and Glutathione content of onion crop (Allium cepa L.) variety Local red .The random complete block design was used at split-plot three times . The means were compared according to (Duncan’s Multiple Range Test) at probability of 5% . Results showed that Fertilization at level (90 kg/D) effected significantly on characters of (Leaves number , shoot dry weight , total chlorophyll , bulb diameter , bulb wet weight , total yield , percentages of protein and total soluble solid ) which gave heighest means . Meanwhile , the level (180 kg/D) gave significant superiority in leaf length , percentages of carbohydrates and bulb contents of medical substance . And the results showed that spraying by NAA with 150 mg/L concentration effected significant on most study characters except on leaf length , percentages of carbohydrates and bulb contents of medical substance , which appeared significant effect when treating with 100 mg/L NAA .The interaction (90 kg/D Ammonium sulphate with 150 mg/L of NAA) suggested the highest means of the characters (Leaves number , shoot dry weight , total chlorophyll , bulb diameter , bulb wet weight , total yield , percentages of protein and total soluble solid ) while the interaction (180 kg/D Ammonium Sulphate and 100 mg/L NAA) give the highest means of the characters (leaf length , percentages of carbohydrates and bulb contents of medical substance) compared with comparing treatment which give the least means .

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Article
قراءة في اتجاهات القطاع المصرفي العربي نحو الاندماج والتكتل بالإشارة إلى تجارب عربية مختارة

المؤلفون: عبد الكريم جابر شنجار
الصفحات: 294-303
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الخلاصة

The end of the twentieth centuy and the beginning of the twenty –first century have witnessed various word economic changes. The establishment of More economic blocs and free trade zones, as well as the growing role of ulti national companies , accelerated liberalization of move ment of trade and investment towards globalizatization , one important aspect of which was eembodied by financial (banking) globalizatization ,which mirrored the economic performance of the era. This is turn prompted the growthrate of international capital to exceed that of globaltrade and income .movement of capital ,rather than trade itself ,has thus become the drivuing force of the world economy.These world wide change lead to fusion between companies and international banks these fusions did not include only the developed countries but the developing countries had many fusion events.This study is about the experience of arab bank fusion which faces a lot of difficulties that arab countries are going through after performing the laws & (W.T.O). Also it is necessary for central banks to be strict in performing the evaluations &settlements (agreements) of "Basle" after they agreed on applying these values,this was enforcd by the fact that both (I.M.F.)&(W.B) are using these values to perform their plans. &according to this arab countries are showing agrowing consciousness to different shapes &types of bank fusion ,many operations happened among banks in Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, sultanate Aoman ,Bahran ,Jordan ,Egypt ,Tunisia&Morocco . the aim of Arab banks from applying operation of (M&A) is to reform them selves to getrid of old –fashioned rules &bases regarding bank business.

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Article
The Effect of Tellurium Content(x) on the Optical and Electrical Properties of (Se 1-x Tex) Thin Films

المؤلفون: Bushra A.Hasan
الصفحات: 295-308
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الخلاصة

Thin films of Se 1-x Te x were fabricated by co evaporating the separate elements under vacuum on glass substrate. Careful was used in order to obtain a wide range of composition i.e. ( Se, Se 0.9Te 0.1, Se 0.8Te 0.2, Se 0.7 Te 0.3,Se 0.6Te 0.4,Se 0.5Te 0.5,…..,Te).The transmittance and the absorbance were carried out in the spectral range (400-2500nm)and the values of optical energy gap (Eg),the optical constants (refractive index(n),the extinction coefficient(k),the real (ε1)and imaginary (ε 2) part of dielectric constant were calculated. The effect of increasing tellurium content (x) in selenium films on the optical parameters was discussed. The results for electrical properties like d.c conductivity ( σDC ),concentration of charge carriers (nH ) and the activation energy (Ea )were also found which support those of the optical results.

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Article
الصناعات الكيمياوية في ليبيا واثرها على البيئة مصنع ابي كماش نموذجا

المؤلفون: عماد مطير السراي --- عدي فاضل عبد
الصفحات: 296-305
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الخلاصة

The chemical industries and products in Libya is regarded as one of the transformational important industries which has a clear impact of the life of people as they are fundamental in the daily uses of man . the chemical industries are modern which where founded and developed in Libya through the chemical product group in Abi Kamash . Abi Kamash which is located in the far northern west of Libya .has the greatest portion in industry as they enjoy features that made it the basic region for the industries . The position of industries is suitable for the raw materials and the marketing places .as well as proving the internal need of the markets with these products and not been effected factors.The chemical industries where chosen in Libya as the theme of the industry in order to know the realty of these industries and know that its nature and geographical position and know and analysis of the chemical industries and there products . in addition the research tackles the industry sector in Libya .some of the statistical means where used in analysis of the data which where collected through the clerical and field work .The research includes an abstract and the theoretical frame work for the research .and a brief account of the industry in Libya in general . and the chemical industries in Abi kamash in particular as a model . the research tackles the industry in western Libya .and then a study in details about the chemical group in Abi kamash in terms of area .foundation and the field factors that detrmineb the field of that location .also the research studies the impact of the group on the surrounding environment and how to deal with the pollution resulting from these chemical industries

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Article
GENETIC RESISTANCE OF THE INCIDENCE OF MITRITIS IN FRIESIAN CATTLE
المقاومة الوراثية للاصابة بالتهاب الرحم لدى ماشية الفريزيان

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الخلاصة

At the Ishaki Dairy Cattle Station (50 km north Baghdad),. and over the period from 2003 to 2006 , 1500 records produced by 600 cows were analyzed. Friesian cows were analyzed statistically . An index for the resistance to metritis was derived for each cow depending on the duration and period of infection , the number of infected and parity of infection . A genetic evaluation of the Friesian at the Station as to their degree resistance to metritis.The General Linear Model within the SAS program (2001) was used to study the effects of fixed factors and estimate of components of variance for the random effects in the employed mixed model was estimated by the Restricted Maximum Likelihood procedure. The Harvey program (1990) was also used to estimate of the BLUP values.Overall means of resistance to metritis (RM) and incidence of the disease(IM) were 81.62 degree and 18.09 % respectively.The effect of parity, season and year parturition on RM and IM were significant.Heritability of RM,TMP(total milk production), SPC(service per consumption) and calving interval (CI) were 0.29 , 0.`19 , 0.04 and 0.06 respectively.The genetic correlation between RM with TMP, SPC and CI were – 0.26 (p<0.01), - 0.09 and 0.04, while the phenotypic correlation – 0.32 (P<0.01) , - 0.11 and 0.05 respectively. BLUP (Best Linear Unbiased Prediction) estimates displayed a wide range among cows included in the current study. Therefore, they are of utmost importance for selection programs aiming at reducing and curtailing the resistance to metritis.

الكلمات الدلالية

Friesian cattle --- Genetic evaluation --- resistance of metritis


Article
العبادات والشرائع الدينية الفارسية قبل الإسلام ودورها في حضارة بلاد فارس

المؤلفون: علي كسار غدير سلطان الغزالي
الصفحات: 306-316
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الخلاصة

this study includes ( Persian worships and religious legislations before Islam and their role in the civilization of Persian land ) due to the importance of these worships and the legislations as they were considered important urban form for Persian .The study gives an idea about the origins of Zerdishtee’yah , Manawei’yah , Mezdekei’yah religions as it rise long time ago before Islam .These religions believe in worshiping the phenomena of the nature , the Good and the Evil , and the light and the darkness.The subject of the study was focused on the general geographical forms of Persian land , the stages of Persian religion , the life and the religion of Zerdisht , the Sacred Books and their explanations , Zerdisht religion beliefs and their legislation and the clerics , the period after Zerdisht as Mani and Mezdak sect , and the comparison between Persian sects and worships. This study depended upon a group of Arabic genuine resources and subsidiary modern reference . Among these resources are : Alhamadani in his book ( Mukhtaser Alboldan ) , Ibn Alatheer in his book ( Alkamel Fi Altareek ) , and Alshehrestani in his book (Almelel and Alnehel ) , as well as other resources and references . The study includes a conclusion which it is the most prominent result reached by the researcher .

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Article
التحري عن مستضدات عوامل تكوين المستعمرات الأول والثاني والثالث في المعزولة من الأطفال المصابين بالإسهال Escherichia coliبكتريا

المؤلفون: وفاء صادق الوزني
الصفحات: 311-314
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الخلاصة

During this study isolation & identification (10) strain of E.coli bacteria from children with diarrhea and studied the ability of these bacteria to produce colonization factor antigen I(CFAI) by used agglutination assay for human blood group (A) in the presence of mannose sugar , the results for this assay found that all strain gave positive result (100%) , and when applied the agglutination assay for human blood group (A) in the presence of tannic acid found that all strain gave positive result (100%) , this indicated that all strains have (CFAII) . After run the agglutination assay for chicken blood in the presence of mannose sugar the result show that about (70%) of E.coli strain have (CFAIII) .The end results show that about (70%) E.coli strains expressed their ability to produced the (CFAI,II&III) where as only (30%) of strain had the ability to produce (CFAI &III)

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Article
العرض الاقتصادي للمياه في مدينة السليمانية خلال الفترة (1990-2001)

المؤلفون: اراس حسين محمود --- كامةران احمد حمه
الصفحات: 315-327
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الخلاصة

The research deals with the problem of water supply which is considered as an important economic source playing basic role on economic development, especially the supply of this source has changed from natural supply to economic supply due to civilization development.The research focuses on the water supply problem in Sulaimania city since the supplied water produced disable to satisfy the industry, service and household demand on it, this lets factor of supplied water produced playing negative role on economic development in the city, in order to obtain the result specific methodology had been applied by the researchers through dividing the research in to two main sections, the first is studying the economic water supply according to economic theories and the second is studying the water sources supply in Sulaimania city during (1999-2001), at the end the main obtained conclusions had been shown.

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Article
الشباب الجامعي بين الاصالة والتغريب

المؤلفون: حسين هاشم هندول الفتلي
الصفحات: 317-326
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الخلاصة

As a result to the western severe attack on authentic Iraqi. Traditions and beliefs by the effects mass media, This research investigates the extent of the effect the most on the tradition of the Iraqi university youth and in order to achiere this aim the present study is dividied into four chapters. The first chapter includes the porblem and the aims of the study. The second chapter included serenl related studices while the third chapter included the procedures of the study represented by the sample which included (238) persons selected according to the from the society related to the study which includes (1191)persons. This chapter also included the study tool (the questionnaire) that contained (31) items distributed on four fields and on the statistieal methods (the percentages person correlation) which are used by the researcher in analyzing the data stabis trealy concerning the fourth chapter included the presentation and discussion of the results and also some recommend ations .The study ends with some suggestion which are based upon what the researcher has concluded and the construction of similar studies , which tabe the second ary school in AL-Diwaniya as a sample .

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Article
الاستقلال والوحدة الوطنية في برامج ومواقف الاحزاب السياسية الاريتيرية 1941-1958 (دراسة تاريخية)

المؤلفون: حاتم راهي ناصر
الصفحات: 327-332
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الخلاصة

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Article
خواص الطحين المنتج من اصناف حنطة بنسب استخلاص مختلفة وتأثيراتها في تصنيع الخبز

المؤلفون: شاكر محمود جواد
الصفحات: 328-334
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الخلاصة

Six samples of flour were studied, extracted from Australian wheat "Hard White Winter (HWW) wheat" and the American wheat "Hard Red Winter (HRW) wheat" to assess the chemical and rheological properties of flour and their effects on bread making.Results showed that, the protein, ash, and moisture content percentage were high, whereas, the percentage of fresh and dry gluten were low, due to increasing the rate of flour extraction of both cultivars of wheat. Protein and gluten content in the Australian wheat was higher than the American wheat. Meanwhile, the ash per cent of the Australian wheat flour was lower than that of the American wheat flour.Water absorption was increased in all samples and was obvious in the flour of Australian wheat.The dough development time was short. Dough time to breakdown was faster as extraction rate of flour was increased in both cultivars of wheat and it was obvious in the American wheat flour.The dough stability was not affected in the Australian wheat flour while there was an obvious decrease in the American wheat flour.There was a decrease in the bread size and specific weight as the extraction rate was increased in both cultivars of wheat, nevertheless, bread size produced from the American wheat was lower than that produced from the Australian wheat.

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Article
محطات الاستراحة الخارجية (الخانات) لمدينة كربلاء

المؤلفون: ميثم مرتضى نصر الله --- سعد جميل رحيم
الصفحات: 333-343
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الخلاصة

The roads Khans consider as main suitable or comfortable place for the passengers rest . This study has showed that the most magnificence Iraqi Khans are those located at the main roads that lead to the sacred shrines , Kerbala is one of these places. The most Kerbala's roads Khans have almost had the similar planning , there are square in shapes distinguished by magnifiers , high fences and almost with one entrance for the security reasons, they are built with gypsum or backed brick . The khan rooms are already emerge to middle hall . The preparations of water , food or comfortable place to the pilgrims or passengers helped in the growth of new villages or cities around . These khans to participate in these services preparation for lust ant ( Mahmodia , Iskandaria , Msaiab , Khanelnnus etc….. ) The study also showed that the transportation mediums which used by passengers , merchants or others were primitive depending on Animals like camels , horses ,donkeys etc…. while the passengers from other cities to Kerbala city didn't use the carriages since there connected roads were unpaved ,narrow , unclear and rough . They were dusty in summer & dummy in winter .

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Article
دراسة اولية عن ظهور خنفساء كولارادوLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) على محصول البطاطا في شمال العراق ومكافحتها

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out on the potato field at Nineveh and Dhouk governorates during 2005, included field surveys about dispersion of Colorado beetle Leptinotarsa. decemlneata and its infection severity, and testing several insecticides against this insect.The results showed that infection ranged between light and severe, the light infection were found in the Rabeah, Baashiqa, Al-qush, Telkef and Al-Namroud at Nineveh governorate, were 0.4 egg mass / plant, 1.0 larvae / plant & 0.01 adult / plant. While the infection was high in Al-Shekhan / Nineveh and Qasrouk / Dhouk, were (0.2 egg mass / plant, 4.6 larvae / plant and 0.04 adult / plant) and (0.03 egg mass / plant, 5.8 larvae / plant and 0.07 adult / plant), respectively. The results showed that the insecticides Thiamethoxam 25 WG, Lambdacyhalothrin 5 % EC and Sevin 85% WP were the best against larvae and adults, the killing percentages were (99.38, 99.31 and 97.59 %) and (100, 96.56 & 94.84 %) respectively, compared with the insecticides Cypermethrin 10% EC and Lufenuron 5 % EC were (58.56 and& 62.7 %) and (90.4 and 84.16 %) in the larvae and adult respectively. All insecticides above were low efficacy against eggs, were less than 40 %.

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Article
امكانية رفع الجهد الكهروكيمياوي باستخدام نظرية التآكل

المؤلفون: حامــــد المؤنــــس
الصفحات: 342-350
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الخلاصة

As it is well known , Magnesium alloy (AZ31) Which used in cathodic protection becuse of high potential (-1.50 v ) in drinking water , when this potential is increase , the efficienecy of Cathodic protection increase too . To reaeh of this potential used zince and Aluminum nils Which pentrated in terferance With (AZ31), After that hammering With heating below (400 co ) . As aresult the potential of the new material is belome (-1.70 v ) .

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Article
العلاقات القانونية في القضاء الدولي وحالاتها -الأسبقية والتوازي والإحالة والتعارض-

المؤلفون: طيبة جواد المختار
الصفحات: 344-364
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الخلاصة

نتسائل أحياناً عندما نستمع لبعض الوقائع التي تحدث بين الدول في علاقاتها المتبادلة أو في إلتزاماتها أتجاه المجتمع الدولي ممثلاً بالأمم المتحدة أو المنظمات الدولية الأخرى مما يُلجِأ إلى تفعيل القانون لتوصيف النزاع وحله،عن الأحقية التي يمتلكها القضاء الدولي لحسمِ ما قد ينشأ من خلافاتٍ عن كل ذلك؟،فهذا مما تختلطُ فيه حججُ الدولِ ودفاعاتها فبعضها يَنكِرُ على القضاء الدوليّ التدخل معتبراً أن لقضائه الوطنيّ سلطة الفصل، فيما يَعترِضُ البعض الآخر على تطاول القضاء الوطني لإحدى الدول بحسمِ نزاعٍ لايملك حسمه سوى القضاء الدولي،وهكذا بين مُنكرٍ ومُعترض يُتركُ الأصل في حسم النزاع إلى التنازع على من يتملك سلطة الحسم فيه وهذا واقع دوليّ،ولأهمية هذا الموضوع وبالشفافية المجردة عن التشدد للدوافع الوطنية التي تبررها رؤيا الدول منعاً لتدخل الآخرين أو فرض رغباتهم في صورة قضاءٍ دوليّ،كما وبحياديةٍ عن الإنكار لقانونية المواقف التي يتخذها العمل القضائي الدولي وبعيداً عن المخاوف عن الإملاءات الدولية التي يصهر البعض فيها دوافعاً سياسية أكثر منها تحقيقاً للعدالة،وبما أن التساؤل ينطلق من صميم العلاقات الدولية لأننا نبحث في فض خلافٍ أطرافه دولية ،فمن الطبيعي أن ما يَعتَمُل قضاءاً يشير إلى أن فيصل الحزم لبعضٍ من ذلك أخذ يجد ملاذ حق الفصل فيه في القضاء الدولي،ولكن هل تُرتبُ الأحقية تلك للقضاء الدولي أن يكون هو المتصرف الأول والوحيد دون مخولٍ أو منازع في قضايا الفصل؟، وهل جميع مايعرض عليه لايندرج تحت تصنيف؟،أم هنالك تصنيف يَتهيأُ للقضاء الدولي بموجبه أن يُدخِلَ ذاته هو الآخر فيه ليفيه حق المعرفة بما يُعرض عليه مفرقاً أياها عن غيره (عادي وجنائي)؟،ثم ملائمة صنف الخلاف لصنف القضاء فيه قانوناً، وبالتالي الوصول إلى حكمٍ من المُصَنف لجنس صنفه،ومن هذا الموضع وبكيفية التصنيف والملائمة، تستطيع الدول صاحبة الشأن بين الإدعاء بحله وطنياً والمعارضة لحسمه دولياً وإختلاف قضاء حسم الأخير ذاك بين عاديّ وجنائيّ،معرفة مالها وما عليها بالتوثق من الأسانيد القانونية التي تبرر للقضاء الدولي أن يجزم بسلطته في نزاعٍ ما دون الريبة في دافع التدخل فما كان أساسهُ القانون سَقَطَ عنه ما يُبطِله .وتجرداً عن الإقرار بأحقية هذا القضاء أو غيره وإلزامية تلك الأحقية ليكون أي القضائين صاحب السيادة والنفوذ في ثائرة النزاع، ولأن ماحددنا دائرة البحث فيه هو القضاء الدولي،ألزمنا ذلك إستقراء أدوارهُ المؤداة ومدى فاعليته وصنفه من الناحية النظرية والعملية، فوجدنا أنه ومن خلال دوره في فض النزاعات العادية للدول، قد منحنا صنف القضاء الدولي العادي ( ).كما أَستحدث له دوراً أخر جاء نسقاً متسقاً لوقائع دولية أتت بأحداثها باآثارٍ مؤلمةٍ على الإنسانية في فترة زمنية متقاربة فكانت من المؤثرات(جرائم دولية ( ))،والتي لم يُغفر لسواها مما حدث سابقاً السكوت عليه أو التماهل في ردعه( )،هذا على حد ما قيل من مبررات لإنشاء وسائل الردع تلك على عجل للمعاقبة على (جرائم الحرب وجرائم الإبادة الجماعية وجرائم ضد الإنسانية وجريمة العدوان)،فأُنشأ قضاءٍ دولي جنائيّ يتولى إنصاف الإنسانية ممن سببوا لها المعاناة بجرائمهم بإعتبار أن تلك الجرائم هي المحرك لمسؤولية الأفراد،مما يجعل من سلوكهم الجنائي من المحرمات في إطار القانون الدولي العام لمساس الجريمة بالنظام العام الدولي( )،والذي تمثل بالمحاكم الدولية الجنائيـة( ).صنفا القضاء الدولي،القضاء الدولي العادي والقضاء الدولي الجنائي وفاعليتهما،جعلانا نحاول أن نجد لإنفسنا المعرفة الدقيقة والصحيحة لتفسير لماذا يكون القضاء الدولي العادي أو القضاء الدولي الجنائي هو صاحب الإختصاص وبحسب النصوص القانونية الفاعلة في نزاعٍ ما دون مثيلهِ أو موقفٍ ما دون نظيره ؟،وهل هذا من مطلق حكم الإختصاص فيهما أم هناك تبادل في الأدوار لبعض ما هو من إختصاص القضاء العادي أن يفصل فيه القضاء الجنائي على المستوى الدولي طبعاً بالنسبة للقضائين،أو عكس ذلك إختصاصاٍ وفصلاً ؟،وكذا بالنسبة لجامع الصنفين كيف يصف لنفسه سيادة الفصل هل لمبدأ مطلقٍ له بتلك السيادة أم أن الأمر ليس فيه أي إطلاق،فمن يُمنَح مجال الأختصاص له أن يستأثر به لذاته،ومن يوصد أمامه ليس له إلا أن يستكين لإمره،وما هي العلاقات القانونية التي توجر القضاء الدولي العادي أو القضاء الدولي الجنائي وتمده بالوسائل القانونية ليتفاعل مع نزاعاتٍ معينة أو مواقف ما دون أخرى ؟،وماطبيعة تلك العلاقات هل تنحصر فقط في حالتيّ الإحالة لإحدهما على الآخر؟، أم أن التعارض بينهما يفضي لإنفاذ وتنفيذ قواعد أحدهما تطبيقاً يسمو به على الآخر؟. ومن البحث في هاتين الحالتين وجدنا أن هناك حالات أخرى لم تأتِ على سبيل الإحالة أو التعارض إذ تمثلت بحال أسبقية أحدهما على الآخر،على أننا لانقصد هنا الإنتقاص من الدور الذي باشرته محكمتيّ القضاء الدولي الجنائي (يوغسلافيا ورواندا) فالأسبقية جاءت فيهما بصورة الأستثناء لتذكية دورهما القضائيّ دولياً ،ولكننا نحاول الإشارة لبعض عيوب تطبيقه ولإهمال الإشارة إلى تطبيقه فعلاً في القضاء الدولي العادي،وفي حالٍ أخرى توازيهما وهو مالم نشهد له إفرادٌ يوضحه أو تمايزٍ يستذكره ،وبذلك أخذنا نتطلع للقضاء الدولي بصنفيّه في علاقتيهما وعلاقتهِ بأي قضاءٍ آخر، هل هي أسبقيتهما على بعضهما وعلى الغير بفيصل الحسم ؟،أم أنهما يتوازيان في كل ذلك مع بعضهما ومع الغير ؟، أم لأنه ماكان الإعمال لهما إلا من بعد الإحالة إليهما ؟،أم أنهما يُؤثران ذاتيهما عندما يُحكمُ بحكمٍ يعارضهما الغير فيه فيرتبان لحكمهما موضع العلو على الحكم المعارض ؟، وكمنهج أرتأينا أتباعه في تقدمة بحثنا هذا وجدنا أن مسار البحث لم يختزل ذاته في حالات حصرية ، بل أمضى بنا بخطاه لمواجهة طبيعة العلاقة التي من الممكن أن تكون السر لتفعيل وعمل القضاء الدولي بصنفيه الفاعلين حالياً لمواقف دولية ليس من بديل عنهُ لحسمها لإن تولية أمر حسمها لقضاءٍ غير دولي لن يكون ذا نتائج مرضية ،على أن من سيكون متطلعاً لبحثنا متفحصاً وباحثاً معنا لما جاء فيه سيجد أننا أدرجنا في صلبه البحث في حالات ذات مفاهيم ومدلولات تغايرت مع بعضها البعض وهو ماقصدنا أن ندخله على دراستنا البحثية لنكون في مجمله نشير إلى طبيعة جميع العلاقات القانونية في حياة القضاء الدولي، فمن تغايرمفاهيمها وإختلاف مدلولاتها سيتسنى لنا فعلاً تقديم دراسة نعدها شاملة لما نبغي البحث فيه ليكون شاملاً في دراسته لأغلب مايخص القضاء الدولي ولذا اتصف البحث ببعض الخصوصية في جمع المتغاير والمختلف للكشف عن بعض أوجه التجاذب والإلتقاء، ونرصد في ذلك مانجده حقيقةً تجسد مانرمي إليه. فلو تصفحنا سجل القضاء الدولي ممعنين النظر في بعضِ علاقته بالقضاء الوطني وأن كان الأمر غير مفصلٍ فيه على أكمله، وفي كل علاقتهِ قانوناً ببعضه بعضاً على تفصيلٍ نأمل فيه الإحاطة والدقة،لأرتسم لنا فيه أن القضاء الدولي بصنفيه له في هذا المضمار علاقاتٍ قانونية أو حالاتٍ أربع سنتابعُ مشروعيتها وأسانيدها القانونية في المباحث الأربع الآتية :- المبحث الأول :- علاقة الأسبقية قانوناً في القضاء الدولي وحالاتها . المبحث الثاني :- علاقة التوازي قانوناً في القضاء الدولي وحالاتها. المبحث الثالث :- علاقة الإحالة قانوناً في القضاء الدولي وحالاتها. المبحث الرابع :- علاقة التعارض قانوناً في القضاء الدولي وحالاتها .

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Article
أثر الملوثات البيئية على المؤشر الحيوي لمادة الكلوروفيل ( A – B ) والحامض الاميني ( البرولين ) في أوراق نبات النبق

المؤلفون: صباح نايف خضير الزهيري
الصفحات: 351-357
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الخلاصة

The search gool was to estimate environmental impure effect in kerbala of (zizy phus. spina – Christi biological indicator). The chlorophyll ( A . B ) and the amino acid ( brolien ) contents wer estimated under polluted circumstances in ( kerbala city ) . (Al. husseinya small town). The results showed that plant. Sensitivity and. behavior against pollution, and the way it acclimatize with, using biochemical analysis. The results in both locations gave a clear deference between them, stress condition was found in the most effected place

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Article
أسعار النفط في السوق الدولية /أبعادها ومضامينها الاقتصادية

المؤلفون: توفيق عباس عبد عون
الصفحات: 358-365
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Article
المعلومات السرية وشرعيّتها قانوناً في المحاكم الدولية الجنائية

المؤلفون: طيبة جواد حمد المختار
الصفحات: 365-381
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الخلاصة

The secret information and its legitimate in the International penal courts Prove secret information in the international penal courts is an evidence or guide that we tried to show in our research , to count it as an evidence Against the accused from the general issue office and to depend on it as evidences against him weather it was an accusation or judging , it was not right from the legal point of view in it , he in this way either put it in trouble even if he little did so he hit the justice heart that its said these courts didn’t come only to fix their rules and put their respect .Secret prove information recognized which the text came to it in these courts specially in the treatment rules to Yugoslavia and Rwanda courts And the system of international penal dynamic court – Rome court – that it did not show to the accused and his defender to chain the discovery about it because of its secret for him for causes justified that it was concerned to the coming investigation stages or it is concerned to the general profit or national secure to state or to protect the witnesses and the victim, and through that it is possible to con of his rights specially if we point to these evidences which the general issue produces it against the accused in the court in material evidence or witnesses without allowing him to discuss what does it contain or even know the identity of the person who witnessed against him , we noticed not showing these information to the accused did not given by Yugoslavia and Rwanda system there achievement rules pointed to it Articles ( 66 / G , 69 , 70 ) , for not allowing to declare it because it is concerned to the national secure to any state or to protect victims without proceed the text or to tail it with the necessity of not touching the accused rights and protecting it without facing depending on these evidences with the legitimate of law, so control its declare on some of evidences due to the upper causes which must not cause legal deform to these rights . While Rome system it confessed that in spite of not declaring according to Articles( 68 / 5 , 72 / 5 ) so that will not prevent producing it summarized to the accused and it is contrary View in the court if it is confessed with the prove of the court in its system and executive rules as general principals penal which it followed it but in real it departed it . So to call for the general issue to the official International organizations and united nations officials to discover of which they have from secret information as their achievement to their Missions in same time of these events formed a break to the international human law , it was in a picture of primary circle decision of Yugoslavian court and due to general issue which concern the agreement to lift The protect to those to make it possible to give material evidence or documents or to give witnesses specially when the request given to The international committee to the red cross which was in contrary With the neutralism principal which the committee took it as a way To do their human missions , which urge it to appeal in front of The appeal office to that court to end that it contrary with the work. Of the committee so it can not be obliged to produce any information Unless it advance that have ability in this to make balance the security That it has from it and the principal of execution which it works by it , because there is harm from declaring it , but from other point of View that who declare this decision , that the court from not asking Its general issue or through request the accused may produce which does not touch the call international organization officials or United Nations Officials to produce any evidence can a quite him and this is a Mater we protest on its justice when it touch the evidence according the request of the general issue and some times through security Treatment to get evidences which is secret information summarized or copied or documents without clearing from it in the same way. At last depending on these evidences which came from secret information From the general issue office it con in the path of his office in taking any proposals ,he can take them through informative team pay fees to get it , which lead to producing to a false news , we protested Against that after following to its way real depending without checking in it from team that has legal experiment , as an executive depend from the judge institution in complete details in the mechanic Work of Rome court which it is given summarized and corrected To the accused who can not discuss it in details , to deform it. It is a great fault on the right execution though depending it in this court and it is a fault can effect their decisions from judges and it is from human hidden secrets it will take time from any judges it produce Which founded its affect and the prints from the evidences it has Against the accused

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Article
دراسة مقارنة للعلاقة بين معدل نبض القلب ووزن الجسم والقلب في اللبائن والطيور

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الخلاصة

120 samples of vertebrates were studied, including two classes: Mammalian, Birds They were obtained from Iraqi local markets and habitats. The species under study, were: Pipistrellus kuhlii, Oryctolagus cuniculus, Columba livia, Anas platyrhynchose Total number of each species was 30 samples. For each species, body weight and heart beat rate (after dissection) were taken weight of cardiac muscles, the results were: • There was reverse relationship between heart beat rate, body mass and heart weight in three genus , in which a direct correlation was found between heart beat, body mass and heart weight of the genus Rabbit . Calculate the equation of decline line for Heart rate to body weight was gave significance at a level 0.01 for Rabbit and Pigeon. • While the equation of decline line for Heart rate to heart weight was gave significance at a level 0.01 for Bat and Mallard.

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Article
التقييم النوعي والبكتريولوجي والكيميائي للحوم الحمراء المجمدة المتوفرة في الأسواق العراقية

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الخلاصة

A qualitative, bacteriology and chemically evaluation for frozen red meat in 2005 in the Iraqi market was made, as it became largely humanly consumed. It was clear through reading of the information label of the study (12) samples that it was restricted to Indian resources. The Bacteriology analysis appears important variance (p<0.05) between samples, and the arising of the total number of Aerobic bacteria in (9) samples (%75) and its was between (1.5X107-7.9X109)cfu/gm meat, and all the samples contains large numbers of staphylococcus aureus with rates of (1.2X103-4X105) cfu/gm meat, also all the samples contained pcychrophilic bacteria with rates of (7.5X105-3X102) and (50% ) of the samples contained pseudomonas and the result refers to the lack of suitable storage circumstance for meat which is(-18)C0.The results of the chemical analysis appears ( important variance) (p<0.05) in the percentage of humidity wetness, protein ,fat and ash, and it was decreasing variance (p<0.05 ) in the percentage of protein for the all study samples with an increasing in fat in (50%) of the samples with the high concentration of Myglobin in all samples with emphasis that all samples are from aged animals. All samples showed increasing (p<0.05) in the percentage of loosing after thawing.Increase the total value nitrogen (TVN) in (58.33%) of samples which refers to changing in protein and other nitrogen compound. Free fat acids (FFA) , wetness evidence values , collagen content and the melt collagen percentage have recorded a important variance (p<0.05) between study samples. All samples showed low averages of sensation evaluation that deflexed on the average of the public response for that meat ,that refers to low morphological characteristics of the meat and low food value, that ensured by the chemical analysis concerning the myoglubin colour concentration,(MFI),collagen content, dissolve collagen percentage and juices,(loosing after thawing, loosing during cooking), flavor, Rancidity evidences and oxidize fat and protein analysis (FFA,P.V,TBA,TVN).

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Article
مشكلة الارهاب

المؤلفون: علي حمزة عسل الخفاجي
الصفحات: 382-392
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Article
دراسة مظهرية وتشريحية للجنس (Asteraceae) Atracytils compositae في العراق

المؤلفون: فاضل كاظم كريم
الصفحات: 384-388
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الخلاصة

The species Atracytils carduus is unique species belong to the Genus Atracytils in Iraq. Characters of morphology, anatomy, polynology , Ecology and Geographical distribution have been investigated in this study.The study showed that there were anatomical differences between the leaves Pollen grains were spherical shape and tricolporate.

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Article
وقياس وتحليل دالة الانتاج الصناعي لمعمل النوره في محافظة كربلاء

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Article
الحمل على المعنى في الفاصلة القرآنية

المؤلفون: علي عبد الله حسين العنبكي
الصفحات: 393-410
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الخلاصة

This research include the depending on meaning in the Quranic pause, which is the word at the end of verse as the rhyme in poetry and the equivalent saja . Originally, speech depends on ronunciation not on meaning, but this leads to production of a rhythmical symmetry sound among the pauses of Quranic verse. The Holy Quran was descended according to Arabs appeal to the syllable-agreement as Al- Farra claimed.Yet, this does not mean that the Holy Quran cares for the pronunciation or the sound side only and neglects the semantic side. Thus, the Quranic pause is correspondent to replaced by another pause.

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Article
تقييم كفاءة المبيدين الحيويين فلوراميل والباسلين في السيطرة على مرض تعفن وموت البادرات المتسبب عن الفطر Pythium aphanidermatum لنبات الخيار في المشتل

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الخلاصة

Results indicated that " Floramil and Bacillin " contained high inhibition ability against Pythium aphanidermatum grown on P.D.A medium by (100%) . Showing the high efficiency for cucumber seeds and seedlings protection from Pythium aphanidermatum infection. Seeds treated with Floramil grown in polluted soil by Pythium aphanidermatum gave high ability to protect seeds from this fungus , the percentage of seed germination was 83.3% , this result was briliant in general due to the similarity of germination from control treatment in soil free from Pythium aphanidermatum produced germination Percentage of 84.5% as same as the time , biofungicide " floramil " promotes cucumber seeds on germination , this is clear from the rise of germination percentage from 84.5% in control treatment to (92.9%) when seeds were treated with " Floramil " . Biofungicide were capable of decreasing damping off seeding average from 100% in treatment (seed + fungus) to (7.2 and 8.4%) for both seedlings that treated with Floramil and Bacillin , respectively . Biofungicides activity continued to rise in growth plant parameters , fresh and dry weights of shoot and root systems , for treated seedlings were (7.41) ; 1.08) g./plant by two weeks age in the meantime these weights were stable on (5.65 ; 0.66) g./plant that were obtained from control treatment .

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Article
أستخدام اساليب وادوات الجودة في ضبط العملية الإنتاجية في منظمات الإعمال الصناعية

المؤلفون: حاكم محسن محمد --- بشرى محمد سامي
الصفحات: 412
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الخلاصة

تسعى منظمات الاعمال في القطاعين العام والخاص الى تقديم منتوج بالمواصفات التي تلبي احتياجات ورغبات المستهلك او الزبون والوصول الى المركز التنافسي الذي يحقق لها اكبر حصة سوقية ويبرز ذلك لدى منظمات القطاع الخاص في الوقت الذي تسود فيه المنافسة التامه ولذلك تحاول وبكل جهد ان تعمل على تحقيق هذا الهدف من خلال استخدامها لمختلف الاساليب والادوات التي تحقق لها الميزة التنافسية وعلى هذا السبيل يعد ضبط العملية الانتاجية واحدا من افضل الطرق لتحقيق ذلك , من خلال استخدام بعض الاساليب الاحصائية لتحديد المرفوض وبالتالي البحث عن الاسباب المؤدية الى حصول العيوب في المنتوج وبمعالجة هذه الأسباب تتجه المنظمة نحو ضبط العملية الانتاجية ومن ثم تقديم منتوج متميز ويعالج هذا البحث هذه المشكلة في واحدة من الشركات الصناعية أذ خلص البحث الى مجموعة من الاستنتاجات والتوصيات .

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Article
دراسة مظهرية وتشريحية للجنس Dodonaea (L.) Mill. (Sapindaceae) في العراق

المؤلفون: نصير جواد كاظم الزركاني
الصفحات: 414-421
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الخلاصة

The spesies D. viscose(L.) Jacq. Is a unique species belong to the genus Dodonaea(L.) Mill . in Iraq. Characters of Morphology, Anatomy, and pollin grian in this paper.

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Article
تحليل الاستقرارية للمعادلات غير الخطية الجبرية الناتجة من استخدام طرائق المتعددة الخطوة الخطية لحل المسائل الابتدائية الصلبة

المؤلفون: عباس فاضل محمد --- باسم كريم السلطاني
الصفحات: 422-430
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الخلاصة

The purpose of research to study some mathematics problems for related to stability analysis for the algebraic systems the product from methods usage the back derivatives for solutions of stiff initial value problems. And complete specifically study problem the existence and uniqueness for these systems by using the spectrum logarithmic systems to be complete applied and study condition to value error in the numerical solution the resulting from using for these methods.

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Article
دراسة أمكانية إزالة أيون الكادميوم الثنائي من المياه الصناعية الملوثة بطريقة الامتزاز وباستعمال طين البنتونايت

المؤلفون: مهند حازم ناجي
الصفحات: 431-437
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الخلاصة

In this work a study was carried out to estimate the ability of Bentonite clay as a new adsorbent for adsorption and removal of cadmium ion from aqueous solutions. At first, the batch method was used to determine the best adsorption ratio from the concentration used of cadmium ion between (5.0-0.5 mg/L), and the result show that the best concentration cadmium ion was (0.5 mg/L) and the adsorption ratio was (87.2). The shaking time that it equal to (40 min.) and the best pH value that give better adsorption ratio was between (8 – 5). The effect of temperature and thermodynamic functions wear also studied and found that the adsorption ratio was increased with increased the temperature and the reaction was endothermic. After fixing the best conditions for the adsorption, the column method was used and the adsorption ratio was equal to (89.8%). Then, the column method was used on the sample that taken from Al-Dewania factory for textile industry and it treatment to remove cadmium (II) ion from Industrial effluents and the result show that adsorption ratio was (86.1%).

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Article
معوقات التوسع في زراعة الشلب في محافظة القادسية

المؤلفون: باسم حليم كشاش --- ثامر نعمه حمد
الصفحات: 438-443
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الخلاصة

This study has been done to identify the obstacles that restrict endeavors of rice farmers in AL- Oadissiyaa governorate to elaboration the area that cultivated with rice.A sampule was used which consisted of 120 Farmers , divided into tow areas (Al-Mhanawia and Al-salahia ) consist (60 ) farmers for each one . The results shown that are eleven obstacle, beginning with increase the cost of maintenance and water pumps fuel and end with tiredness and strain during all agriculture season. The study concluded with several recommendations concerning obstacles of elaboration for rice agriculture.

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Article
دراسة التغيرات الحاصلة في بعض الصفات الدموية و التكاثرية والعلاقة بينهما في ديكة هجن امهات اللحم خلال فترة النضج الجنسي

المؤلفون: عايد حميد الموسوي
الصفحات: 444-448
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to determine the relationship between some blood and reproductive traits in commercial hybrid of broiler breeder cocks during the course of sexual maturation by using (200) cocks which divided in to two equal groups. The investigations were carried out in a 10 clinically normal cocks from the first group and covered the age span of 10 through 30 weeks .Blood sample collected at 5-week intervals via jugular vein were tested for total red blood cell count (RBCs count ) ,hemoglobin (Hb) and packed cell volume (PCV),then these 10 cocks were sacrificed at each age of 10 ,15 , 20 , 25 , and 30 weeks to determine testicular length , width ,thickness and weight .At thirty fifth week of cocks age ,the second group was divided into A & B subgroups according to its cocks Hb content , (A) subgroup was represent cocks that have Hb concentration value more than 12 gm /dl and the other cocks was represent (B) subgroup Ejaculate was collected by abdominal massage and ejaculate volume, sperm concentration and percentage of sperm motility were evaluated to 20 cocks for each of A&B subgroup.The results of this study revealed significant increase in (RBCs count) , (Hb) and (PCV) values during the sexual maturation period of the cocks especially at the 25&30week of age ,the results also demonstrated that intensive development of testes in cocks occurred between 15 and 25 weeks of age, both testes developed simultaneously. Highly significance positive correlation coefficient was recorded between testes development,( Hb) and( PCV) values. The result showed presence significant increases in the (SM) and (SC) values in A subgroup in compared with B subgroup cocks, and also suggested that the changes observed in the blood traits of cocks were related to the development of testes and spermatogenesis. These finding could also be used as one of the criteria of the level of reproductive performance in breeder cocks.

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Article
دراسة بكتريولوجية ووراثية لبعض انواع Providencia المعزولة في كربلاء

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الخلاصة

A total of 164 different samples obtained from patients admitting to AL-Hussien Hospital in Karbala Province ,only two isolates of Providencia spp. were isolated and identified by means of traditional techniques and API system , One of the isolates was found in urine sample and the other in a burn swab. The effect of some antibiotics on the two isolates was investigated, and the results showed that the isolates were resistant to Rifampicin, Ampicillin, Amoxcillin, Gentamycin, Trimethprim, Pipracillin, Clindamycin, and Cefotaxim, and sensitive only to Ciprofloxacin .Some virulence factors of the isolates were also studied, and the results showed that the two strains have capsules which be regarded as the most virulant factor of the bacteria . Furthermore the results showed that the two strains have adhesion factors ,too .The ability of the isolates to produce haemolysin, and siderophores was also observed and the results of this work showed that the isolates were unable to produce bacterial haemolysin ,but were able to produce siderophores .The resultes of the plasmid DNA Study, showed that Providencia have more than one plasmid.

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Article
تأثير الفطر Tricoderma harzianumبعزلتي التحدي وبيوكونت - T وبعض المبيدات الكيميائية الفطرية في مقاومة مــرض خياس طلع النخيل المتسبب عن الفطر Mauginiella scaettae Cavar

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted to test the efficiency Trichoderma .harzianum fungus with tow isolates of Biocont and Tahadi in control the of rot inflourescence disease on date palm caused by Mauginiella scaettae fungus. The results showed that the T. harzianum Biocont isolate was more effective among antagonism fungi in growth fungi Mauginiella scaettae , Fusarium spp. and Alternaria alternat., antagonism degree reached to 1.00 ,1.30 , 1,00 respectively . In addition the filtrated of the T. harzianum fungus achieved its isolate Biocont the decrease in the average of the radical growth and the dry wt. of the following fungi M. scaettae, Fusarium spp which about 2.09, 3.17 cm. respectivily and 0.12 , 0.09 g respectively In addition, in all used concentrations and was the most inhibitor the following concentrations 1.50, 1.00g./L.of Benlate fungicidal which both of them inhibit the growth of the pathogenic fungi completely while the upward concentration did not give great effect in the growth of Biocontrol agent T. harzianum isolate Biocont .So the percentage of radial inhibition to 11.50%, 17.88% ,35.22% to the concentrations1.50,1.00, 0.50 g./L. respectivel.

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Article
تأثير البرامج التأهيلية المقننة في نسبة تركيز الدهنيات ذات الكثافة العاليةHDL في الدم بحث تجريبي على عينة من الرجال المترهلين بدنياً

المؤلفون: إخلاص حسين دحام
الصفحات: 466-478
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Article
المحاسبة البيئية ودورها في الحفاظ على البيئة

المؤلفون: محمد فاضل نعمة الياسري
الصفحات: 479-487
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Article
قياس وتحليل دالة إنتاجية التمور في محافظة كربلاء

المؤلفون: مهدي سهر غيلان --- عادل عيسى ألوزني
الصفحات: 488-495
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Article
Chemical anf physical proprties of flour produced from Kerbala millers compared with standard proprties
المواصفات الكيميائية والفيزيائية للطحين المنتج في مطاحن كربلاء ومدى مطابقتها للمواصفات القياسية

المؤلفون: شاكر محمود جواد --- شيماء مهدي كاظم
الصفحات: 496-504
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الخلاصة

Flour produced from AlWala', Alhana', Alrawdha, Kerbala and Alali millers was used in this study with 85% extraction rate. This flour was taken from different wheat combination supplied from Kerbala silo. Percentages of moisture content, ash, wet and dry gluten and flour particle size were determind from Dec. 2006 till Feb. 2007.Results revealed that, (apart from moisture content of flour in Alwala', Alhana' and Alrawdha and ash content in Alwala' and Kerbala mills) each mill production was different in the above mentioned proprties according to the wheat cultivars and the mixed percentage.It was also appeared that, values of the studied characteristics of all samples were within the standard ranges inspite of the slight differences between one mill and the other.

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Article
تأثير العناصر الغذائية الصغرى في تعزيز قدرة الفطر Trichoderma harzianum Rifai لتحسين نمو نباتات الباميا ومقاومة الذبول الرايزوكتوني

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الخلاصة

It was found that the micronutrient: Boron B (0.1), Cupper Cu (0.1), Ferrate Fe (1.3), Manganese Mn (3.2), Magnesium Mg (1.3), Molybdenum Mo (0.06), Zinc Zn (1.3) % P/V. as compound at 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 ml / 75 ml P.D.A. medium promoted the growth of T. harzianum to 21.43, 32.14 and 46.48 % respectively. The above concentrations also increased the sporelation of T. harzianum on P.D.A. in the following percentages: 36.09, 54.81 and 28.95 % respectively.The micronutrients gave little promotion in growth of R. solani at 0.1 and 0.2 concentrations while 10.53 % inhibition in its growth was found in 0.3 concentration.The results cleared that the treated millet seeds by micronutrients and colonized by T. harzianum gave in soil more protection for the Okra seeds than the same above treatment but non-treated with micronutrients against the pathogenic fungus R. solani, the germination percentages, seedling death and seed decay were (75.67, 2.67, 8.0 %) and (70.67, 8.33, 13.33 %) respectively for the each of two treatments.It was found the plant length, fresh and dry weights of shoot and root in the treatments of enhanced millet seeds with nutrients and colonized by T. harzianum were 11.6 cm, (1.34, 0.78 gm) and (0.39, 0.16 gm) respectively compared with the same treatment but without nutrients which were 10.5 cm, (1.11, 0.53 gm) and (0.32, 0.13 gm) also respectively.Generally, the micronutrients with T. harzianum reduced the seed decay and damping-off seedling of Okra compared with T. harzianum and R. solani treatment with non-micronutrients .

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Article
تأثير العناصر الغذائية الصغرى في تعزيز قدرة الفطر Trichoderma harzianum Rifai لتحسين نمو نباتات الباميا ومقاومة الذبول الرايزوكتوني

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الخلاصة

It was found that the micronutrient: Boron B (0.1), Cupper Cu (0.1), Ferrate Fe (1.3), Manganese Mn (3.2), Magnesium Mg (1.3), Molybdenum Mo (0.06), Zinc Zn (1.3) % P/V. as compound at 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 ml / 75 ml P.D.A. medium promoted the growth of T. harzianum to 21.43, 32.14 and 46.48 % respectively. The above concentrations also increased the sporelation of T. harzianum on P.D.A. in the following percentages: 36.09, 54.81 and 28.95 % respectively.The micronutrients gave little promotion in growth of R. solani at 0.1 and 0.2 concentrations while 10.53 % inhibition in its growth was found in 0.3 concentration.The results cleared that the treated millet seeds by micronutrients and colonized by T. harzianum gave in soil more protection for the Okra seeds than the same above treatment but non-treated with micronutrients against the pathogenic fungus R. solani, the germination percentages, seedling death and seed decay were (75.67, 2.67, 8.0 %) and (70.67, 8.33, 13.33 %) respectively for the each of two treatments.It was found the plant length, fresh and dry weights of shoot and root in the treatments of enhanced millet seeds with nutrients and colonized by T. harzianum were 11.6 cm, (1.34, 0.78 gm) and (0.39, 0.16 gm) respectively compared with the same treatment but without nutrients which were 10.5 cm, (1.11, 0.53 gm) and (0.32, 0.13 gm) also respectively.Generally, the micronutrients with T. harzianum reduced the seed decay and damping-off seedling of Okra compared with T. harzianum and R. solani treatment with non-micronutrients .

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Article
تحليل تطور الترابطات القطاعية للاقتصاد العراقي للفترة من 1982-2003

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Article
تأثير عرض المرشح الكاوسي على دالة الانتشار النقطية (PSF) لصف من الفتحات الدائرية المركبة باستخدام ضوء غيرمتشاكه

المؤلفون: عدنان فالح حسن الجبوري
الصفحات: 521-529
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الخلاصة

In this research we study the effect of width Gauss Filter on the point spread function (psf)in which diffraction limited for arrays of circular synthetic in state one circular aperture which usually used in optical systems ,and we derivative the equation of point spread function (psf) for this case ,the Gaussian filter is used in different values of width for set of circular synthetic Apertures , and we found the increasing width lead to decreasing the secondary peaks for point spread function (psf) (we called this case Apodization) and this means increasing the ratio of signal to noise.

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Article
فاعلية بعض المبيدات الحشرية في مكافحة ذبابة الياسمين البيضاء Takahashi Aleuroclava Jasmini (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) على الحمضيات

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in citrus orchards at Rashidiya and Durah / Baghdad during 2002.The insecticides which used are: Trebon 7.5 % ULV (Etophenprox), Supradete EC (Methidathion), Mectin EC (Abamectin), Etoyam ULVs (Etophenprox) in Rashidiya orchards, and Dimethomobeed EC (Dimethoate), Defeat (imidacloprid), Trebon Ultra 8% (Etophenprox + Halfenprox), Mobeed oil (Mineral oil) and Diazino- mobeed EC (Diazinon) in Durah orchards and the main objective was to evaluate its efficacy on different instars of Jasmine whitefly Aleuroclava Jasmini. The result showed that the insecticides (Trebon 7.5% ULV, Supradate, Mectin and Etoyam) were highly effective against the adults, while Trebon 7.5% ULV, Etoyam ULVs, Mectin EC, and Supradate EC, were moderate efficacy on eggs and nymphs instars.

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Article
تأثير ملوحة ماء الري وحامض الجبرليك في النمو الخضري و المحتوى المعدني لبادرات نخيل التمر Phoenix dactylifera, L.

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الخلاصة

A study was Conducted to determine in the effect of irrigation water Salanity and Gibberellic acid on growth and mineral concentration of Date palm seedlings in College of Agriculture – university of Basrah during the growing season ( 2006 ).to study the effect of four rate of NaCl ( 0 , 3000 , 6000 , 12000 )ppm and two rate of GA3 ( 0 , 150 )ppm and their interactions Results showed significant decreasing in growth properties so that (12000ppm NaCl)treatment gave the lowest growing as compared to othere treatments but (150 ppmGA3) that was gave increasing in the growth properties compared with control treatment. Statistical Analytical results showed that ( 6000ppm NaCl + 150ppmGA3)there was a significant increasing in the growth properties compare with other treatments, Also the results showed that the Salanity Caused decrease nitrogen , phosphorus and potassium concentration of root and leaves of date Palm seedlings.But the effect of salanity on chloride and sodium of root and leaves of date Palm seedlings had a significant increasing compared with control treatment , statistical analytical Results showed that ( 150 ppm GA3 ) treatment gave increase in the mineral concentration of Date Palm seedlings ,Also the best Combination was ( 6000 ppm NaCl with 150 ppm GA3) increased mineral concentration of (N , P , K , Cl , and Na )in root and leaves

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Article
Main line terminations in palm of three generations in Karbala province
نهايات الخطوط الجلدية الرئيسية في راحة يد ثلاثة أجيال متتالية في محافظة كربلاء

المؤلفون: حيدر هاشم محمد علي الجبوري
الصفحات: 546-554
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الخلاصة

The main line terminations in palm for a sample consist of (300 individual) represented three generations respectively, which are seventieth ,eightieth and ninetieth (50 individual for each sex). When the comparison between identical hands to the samples, the following terminations showed increased significant to the eightieth males, A-5¯ and B-7,and to the ninetieth male samples A-2,A-5¯,B-7,C-x and D-11compared with seventieth male sample. And to the eightieth female sample A-2,A-11,B-4,C-5 and D-7, and to the ninetieth female sample B-4,C-5,C-0,D-7 and D-9 compared with seventieth female sample. The following terminations showed decreased significant to the eightieth male sample A-4,B-5= and D-7, and to the ninetieth male sample A-4,B-4,B-5= and D-7 compared with seventieth male sample. And to the eightieth female sample A-4,B-7,C-9 and D-11,and to the ninetieth female sample B-7,C-9 and D-11 compared with the seventieth female sample.

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Article
استخدام المعلومات المحاسبية المنشورة كدالة للتنبؤ بمتانة المراكز المالية دراسة اختبارية في عينة من الشركات العراقية المساهمة

المؤلفون: صلاح مهدي جواد
الصفحات: 555-565
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الخلاصة

Prediction of financial positions for economic entities are regarded one of the most subjects importing at this time because related it by many of decision that making from various units. This study concern with limits of model for prediction of financial positions using financial instruments that abstracted from financial statements for economic entities. To achieve such aim , multiple regression was used in the analysis through application on many of Iraqi shareholding companies for period 1995 – 1999. The research reached certain results, and proposed certain recommendations, the importance one state that recommendate on the necessity of predication of financial poisons for economic entities , so as to make it discover Weak or powerful areas .

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Article
انتشار الإصابة بالطفيليات المعوية لدى الوافدين لمستشفيين في محافظة بابل

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An epidemiological study was conducted during the period from March 2005 to August 2005 to investigate prevalence of intestinal parasites in the outpatients of two hospitals at Al-Hilla province. A total of 515 feacal samples from 1-30 years old persons were examed. Six intestinal parasites were detected as follow (12.0% for Entamoeba coli, 9.3% for Entamoeba histolytica, 8.0 for Giardia lamblia, 6.4% for Hymenolepis nana, 5.2% for Enterobius vermicularis, 2.5% for Ascaris lumbricoides) The overall percentage incidence of infection with these intestinal parasites in two hospitals was 43.5%.

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Article
دراسة الظروف المثلى لانتاج إنزيم اللايسوستافين من بكتيريا Staphylococcus sp.YZ14 المعزولة محلياً

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الخلاصة

Staphylococci considered as the main source to produce Lysostaphin enzyme (EC 3.4.99.17). The enzyme is one of the factors that maintain ecological equilibrium between specieses belonging to this bacterial genus ,It has the ability to lyses bacterial cell wall by breaking down peptide bonds that build up the cross bridges in peptidoglycan layer.The ability of 112 isolates of the genus Staphylococcus Spp. were tested to produce lysostaphin enzyme, using solid and submerged culture media in primary and secondary screening ,then the optimal conditions for producing enzyme were determined such as source ofcarbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, concentration and type of salts,pH,tempreture and fermentation time .The isolate Staphylococcus sp.YZ14 was selected for it`s high ability to produce enzyme and some of it’s identificational characteristics were detected .The optimum conditions for lysostaphin production from YZ14 isolate were 6% casien hydrolysate, 0.25%potassium phosphate , 0.5% sodium chloride at initial PH of 7 and after 14 hours of inocubation at 37 C.


Article
تلوث مياه الشرب بالرصاص وتأثيرها على بعض المعايير الدموية عند إناث الجرذان البالغة

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to determine some of the changes which occur in some biochemical and physiological blood parameters due to the pollutant drinking water by lead .This study includes (10) adult female rats , (5) rats where exposure to 1ppm lead in drinking water for 1 month ,while control animals include (5) rats. The results revealed significant decrease (p<0.001) in total protein concentration , while there was no significant changes in total calcium , red blood cell concentration , white blood cell concentration , hemoglobin , packed cell volume , mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration as compare to control group .

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Article
دراسة بعض المعايير الدموية لدى النساء الحوامل المصابات بارتفاع ضغط الدم في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

This study cover two sample , exemplify the experimental sample (55) pregnant women examined in (4-8) month with age from (18-39) year,in addition that divided depending on age into two groups infected evaluated in blood pressure , the first class was (18-28) years old (35) pregnant suffering evaluated in blood pressure , the second one was (29-39) years old (20) pregnant suffering evaluated in blood pressure and also the study cover controller sample exemplify in (16) healthy pregnant use as control in same age average and the group was (8) women in each one .The result showed a significant decrease (p<0.05) in hemoglobin estimation , packet cell volume , red blood cell count , white blood cell count , mean corpuscular volume , mean and concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin when some hematological examine were done compared with control .

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