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مجلة كلية العلوم الاسلامية

ISSN: 20578626
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: العلوم الاسلامية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر عن كلية العلوم الاسلامية جامعة بغداد، وقد صدر العدد الاول منها عام 1965.
الهدف: نشر البحوث المتعلقة بالدراسات الاسلامية واللغة العربية.
سنة الاصدار: 1965
الاعداد الصادرة 51 عدد

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معلومات الاتصال

07735985333

journal@cois.uobaghdad.edu.iq
fatmahussen9090@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2012 المجلد: العدد: 30

Article
فوائد ضرب الأمثال في القرآن الكريم

المؤلفون: عثمان عبد المنعم عبد العزيز
الصفحات: 8-59
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الخلاصة

.Researcher dealt with the importance of proverbs in the Holy Quran and its uses and benefits in Islamic education, ethics and Proverbs appeared between the types of things during the study the following. The parables of three types: stating, and latent, and sent, has been shown by the present study that for such conditions are not properly set an example but it is five: realism, clarity, and environmental, and injury to sense, and good pronunciation if violates the ideals of these conditions is not an example, and showed This study, like that of a prominent role in persuasion and argument and the statement, Education, bring clarity and discipline, education, and correct belief and so on ... Also found that the researcher may not hit the Proverbs to God He says: God does not Proverbs. And show that it should Ntadb with the Holy Quran and his ilk use to communicate with each other, a more correct words. The researcher selected proverbs such as those related to faith and the other day and the positions of the infidels and the hypocrites and the unemployed and their ilk, and to expose their positions and also picked parables that teach ethical aspects, social and other have peered researcher a quick look at the Sunnah and found the many examples hit by the Prophet (peace be upon him) educated people and them as the year of the Koran and explained to him and explaining the researcher concluded his study showing the benefits of proverbs in the Holy Quran and recommended to examine the likes of the Sunnah and derived benefits of such study and to reconcile God and our final prayer is praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.

الكلمات الدلالية

امثال، قران


Article
المصلحة وأثرهـــا في تحجير الأحكام الشرعية

المؤلفون: مصطفى كاظم محمود
الصفحات: 60-89
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الخلاصة

Praise be to God who Noor Bashriath by slaves, and make it Vriqana between their whims and desires and ways to guide them. And their best interests, and sent His Messenger, to distinguish them ways of Satan, and instruct them to follow the ways of Rahman. The best prayer and peace completed, the best creatures master Muhammad, and his family and his companions. Oh God, I ask you an understanding of your religion, and accordingly in your law, and insisted on helping me Baqidtk and in my way, And the payment of my fault, what I aim it, so do not go astray nor Ozag meant what it meant. And after: Since this law came down on the ground and alive, with its origins in what is being planned in order to believe, And establishes the rules of justice and interest. Therefore arise in the life of the nation's interests were not known before, require new legislation issued by the rulers Who take the reins of power and legislation in their country, and these interests may seem inconsistent with some Texts, which some see it either citing illnesses linked to the sentence, and that the government can stop it when ) The absence of his illness, or that the provisions issued by the Prophet being the Imam of the Muslims, and that these Provisions due to the consideration of the Imam and diligence under the circumstances and different environments, associated with the rule, and this What makes it possible to re-consider some of these provisions, according to the developments that occur in the life Muslims, which considers it to be to achieve a particular interest in the law came as a whole to achieve them. Hence, I will review in this research, the definition of interest and language idiomatically and the definition of quarrying Language idiomatically and applied in the models and their impact on interest petrify legal provisions, including: 1. . Pricing 2.. Determine the wages of workers 3. Determine the rental housing if required by stakeholders 4. . Expropriation mosquitoes in the public interest. Therefore, the research plan are as follows: The foreground. Section One: Definition of petrify and interest provisions. The first requirement: interest definition language and idiomatically. The second requirement: the definition provisions Pthadjir language idiomatically. Section II: Applied models. The first requirement: pricing.. The second requirement: state intervention to determine the wages of workers. The third requirement: the right of the Muslim government in determining the rents if required by Of interest. Fourth requirement: mosquitoes expropriation in the public interest. Conclusion. Sources and references. The index.

الكلمات الدلالية

تحجير، فقه


Article
الدفاع الشرعي الخاص دفع الصائل في الفقه الإسلامي

المؤلفون: مرتضى محمد حميد
الصفحات: 90-121
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الخلاصة

Praise be to God that His grace is righteous and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and him, has shown in my research this legitimate defense of the private (paying off the attacker), its nature and legitimacy, and the statement of the provisions of self-defense, honor and property and harm to anything that the duty of prevention and response and to preserve these aspects is the necessity to maintain the five command of Allah Almighty saved which is not only an upright life, and that the defender himself or his property or his responsibility was not to be doing this, because the performance of the officer provided that it does not adhere to safety .

الكلمات الدلالية

جهاد --- فقه


Article
أحكــــــــام السحر وعلاجه في الإسلام

المؤلفون: عمر عدنان خماس
الصفحات: 122-159
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الخلاصة

Summary of my research is marked by the provisions of magic and its treatment in Islamic Things which invalidate the use of the mind until a couple hates the wife and see in the image as if the worst one of them sees the other pigs, it is an eye because it was originally not the case and that was a deception of sight. Prophet says the devil is sitting on the Son of Adam, as the dog sits on the ground and clear here that the jinn is a shadow moving air may be the body of every human being has a spiritual body and corresponds to the work of magician is the situation between these two worlds. You may get the band Balelqa tricks, spells, and gossip to differentiate between the couple and this is can do stirrer All of this happens without referring to the natures He stated ogres' Umar ibn al-Khattab and said they are turning Umar said that no one turns from his creation, who created him, but to them witches Xhrtkm If you fear invalidate this referral complexions.Take notice of that. () 'Umar To get rid of the evil sorcerers: man must continue to read the Quran, especially the last verses of Sura any chair and Almaoztin of all the piety of God and closer to acts of worship was on the other hand is Ifenough for him and preventing him and which is supported by Umar you walked in the valley of wire Satan and the valley last The more strength the capacity of man's spiritual Ibta devil with him. Non-use of publications and other, which did not come down by God from the Sultan of Rue used by the general public has been scientifically proven that the Rue if subjected to heat more than the proportion of( O2) if inhaled human like your chest just a psychological effect on humans, why we resort to the act of charlatans and have left us our Prophet Quran Quran and the blessed in which the cure for the issuance of I am uncertain if a person resorts to his Lord with certainty honest and not with him no doubt God is sufficient and good deeds lead to the creation of a new generation Mtcef virtues of morality, we calculated They were goodwhat it was like companions of the Messenger of Allah century should therefore discern their tracks and nothing is good of this nation, but including reconciliation

الكلمات الدلالية

سحر --- فقه


Article
الزواج العرفي وموقف الشريعة الإسلامية منه

المؤلفون: نافع حميد صالح
الصفحات: 160-185
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الخلاصة

Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be upon our master Muhammad and his family and him: and after: This summary Drastna and research on the subject of customary marriages: the pillars of marriage and the conditions must be taken into account including: the presence of the guardian, and advertising. if not customary marriages attended by witnesses and the Crown is false forbidden. The images of customary marriages, including what is forbidden, including what is permissible. for many reasons, customary marriage called for a spread in Islamic societies is due to some mixing of young girls in various areas of life. designation of customary marriages that name signify that the contract has gained a named as customarily used by members of the Muslim community. contracts in the documenting of state institutions and this is the best religiously and legally in order to preserve rights.

الكلمات الدلالية

زواج --- فقه


Article
حالات التعدي وحكمها في المسؤوليــة االتقصيرية بين الفقه الإسلامي والقانون العراقــــي

المؤلفون: ياسر صائب خورشيد
الصفحات: 186-213
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الخلاصة

Praise be to Allah , peace and blessings be upon the noblest of God's creation companions Mohammed bin Abdullah Al-Arab Prophet illiterate faithful person, with his family and companions. That realism view is reflected in the Islamic jurisprudence does not exaggerate in the government for compensation, who may judge by what he has done for each victim of the profit or loss of the right but take into account the principle of punishment or the theory that depend on of belonging to that he take the benefit of something should bear its harm, Therefore, the criminal punishments apply to everyone no what ever his character ensuring the implementation of legal provisions, and a commitment to target the protection of virtue, morality and dignity. Hence we decided to write about cases of tort, which is part of the concept of security in Islamic jurisprudence so we divide the research into two chapters, in the first chapter we talked on the definition of infringement and tort sides , and in the second chapter of infringement in the tort , it was in three sections. Do not ask any one it was a civilian or criminal act, the decision principle of individual or persona responsibility is the Highness of the human being and honor the sense of his existence, individuality and seriousness in this life But this individual in Islam, as is well known not absolute but are restricted to the group, including the rights of various public interest, is achieved by the principle of socio-economic balance among the people. At the end, I ask Almighty Allah to guide us all in favor say, beautiful work, and peace and blessings of Allah on the Prophet Muhammad and all his family .

الكلمات الدلالية

تعدي --- فقه --- قانون


Article
الضرورة الشعرية عند المعــــــــري

المؤلفون: سري قحطان حمدان --- يسرى ناصر غازي
الصفحات: 214-251
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الخلاصة

This research speaks about a topic which takes a great and wide care and dispute of many Arabic linguists , which is the " Poetic Necessity " , it does not speak about necessity in general but it chooses one of the scientists and writers who they had the stops and signals on this topic in many places in their books .Abu Ala Mari was among the scientists who stood up to this issue in several places and on many occasions and this was evident in his works . We have chosen this topic to see how Abu Ala Mari see "Necessity" and how it is different from other , and how he compares the necessities of language , among other necessities . This research consists of an introduction and two sections , the first shows his critical view to poetic necessity , and the other is talking about Mari point of view in the linguistic and grammatical necessities .And a conclusion which includes a summary of the results that have been reached . After showing the issue of poetic necessity , one of the important issues in the linguistic criticism , we find the skill of Mari in displaying it in a character shows that he is a skillful critic in the Arab heritage and he makes a comprehensive research on it that proves his capacity on his issue and its problems , and he authorized their use because ge does not want to close the ways in front of poets to let poets enjoy a little bit of freedom that enables them to act on words and structures and thus appeared his personality as a linguistic critic has sound views reflect the firmness of his critical platform and his ability in tasting secrets of language and intricacies aesthetic is revealed , and in the subdivisions of the necessities in terms of being measured , audible and irregular this subject took its way to the attention of the people of language and grammar in the second century AH which on this basis the dispute in the grammar arise , and in the authorization for necessities he authorized poets to violate the rules of language , and stay away from morphological and syntactic standards . Criticism behind linguistic science and knowledge in criticism until the appearance of a layer of critics gathered into science language and the sight of grammar a polite course and a refined taste .We find that the reason of Mari hating for necessity is the fact his sense of difference between poetry and prose , poetry has its own logic and its distinctive relations that makes it different from the prose and keeps it away from it and its nature , and thus he distinguishes between poetry and prose in that they are two distinct forms in terms of their being two types of rhetoric speech which reflect the conscious look and help the shrewd poet to take advantage of the license without relying and depending on it always because it shows the weakness of his linguistic fortune .

الكلمات الدلالية

ضرورة --- شعر


Article
الإلغاء والتعليق في الأفعال الداخلة على المبتدأ والخبر

المؤلفون: أسامة ألماز محمد رحيم
الصفحات: 252-289
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الخلاصة

Finally, after this trip with the concept of the cancellation and suspension in the Acts within the Debutante and the news I wanted to summarize the results of research, including the following: The phenomenon of cancellation and suspension indicate the accuracy of the Arabic language, and to park on the finer details in the presentation and delay, and the pronunciation and meaning, and neglect, realization, and the separator, and the like. The efforts of Arab scientists they made shows on the capacity of understanding and capacity of understanding and impartiality to serve the language and to understand the book of God through the verses that were received, and which he said mentioned acts attack, which came to confirm the truth Quranic Semitism, which in turn serve the religion and the nation and humanity. In Arabic expressions with the provisions in the use of their own do not use with other, including: - actions hearts acting about (thought, as, free, saw the attack and papillae and sisters), concerned with such acts revocation and suspension, and that fills the source interpreter occlusive RELIABILITY, do not suspend or cancel in the rest of the acts. The cancellation and suspension respect to acts of hearts he called Grammarians also because their meanings related to heart Kaliqin, and doubt, and denial, also known as ((Bzn and her sisters)) It takes Mfolin origins Debutante and Alkhparvha acts copier copied wholesale nominal but not acts, incomplete as they indicate the event and requests active and acts hearts of two types:- A - Section indicates uncertainty. B - Section indicates the odds. The actions of these hearts has three provisions of the terms of the realization they are either working, or canceled, or suspended, as follows: A - Either it is the duty of enforcement that was made on the attached Muammouliha hung over and in the search. B - Or cancellation is permissible; if it brokered Muammouliha, Otakhrt them. C - And comment on what it means invalidate their work in word only and keeping a shop; and is caused by the presence of the word between the verb, and effect, provided that this word, which is the lead in the sentence and the meaning of the lead not work in the word factor before and this separation is called ((inhibitor)), or suspense, and the separation types as stated in the research. The acts acting (solid) is not the suspension or cancellation. As well as acts of conversion, some ((Sir and her sisters)). Prove to the present indicative form and beyond of the commentary, and other proven for the past

الكلمات الدلالية

الغاء --- تعليق --- نحو


Article
حياة الإمام أبي القاسم الرافعي وجهوده العلمية

المؤلفون: شيروان ناجي عزيز الشهرزوري
الصفحات: 290-331
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الخلاصة

In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful, praise be to Allah the cherisher and sustainer of the word and peace be upon his prophet and his followers : One of the most things that Islam has, is its scientists and leaders have the same and continuous history left each generation, and for that thousands of books were written, which contain thousands of histories of good people who lead people to civilization, and one of those scientists was al-imam abul-qasm abdulkarim al-shafi'I which is one of the Islamic scientists in al-fiqh , history and hadith.. He is one of those who opened new page in Islam in 6th generation, which most of scientists runs their ways with his books and ideas, even in our age still most scientists depend on him, despite these facts him history and life story has no research yet as similar as his friends, and I didn’t find any research about his life, or his scientific trials,. So I liked to point to his life and his scientific trials.. with his most famous teachers , students ,and most important books, even if was short notes , I hope these short noted become a preference for those who want to know who is this great man or want to write about him or make a research.. with god's will. Researcher : Shirwan Naji Aziz Sulaimaniyah 12/5/2011

الكلمات الدلالية

سيرة --- ابي القاسم


Article
رأى دراسة لغوية في القرآن الكريم

المؤلفون: عمار فيصل كاظم
الصفحات: 332-357
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الخلاصة

The Verb -رأى- is one of the verbs that trespass in include more than one object, in it is visual and two objects in it was intimate/ this verb has many kinds and it is sensed in the senses and the care, imagining, mediating, mediation and reasoning. In addition to it has many meaning in the books of the lexicon. For the sonic studies that it includes, they are vocalic, elision, assimilation and spatial revesion. It puts one or two object in the accusative to the meaning. That what have been tackled in books of language, syntax and construction, citing the verses of the Holy Quran.

الكلمات الدلالية

رأى --- نحو --- قران


Article
مبحث النظر عند المتكلمين

المؤلفون: محسن قحطان حمدان
الصفحات: 358-391
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الخلاصة

What attracts my attention is the study of consideration (to arrange what is known intellectually to reach to what is unknown ) to speakers (scientists of beliefs) as it made me contemplate on it accurately and my aim in this is to know the reason for which the speakers give their attention and care for it , trying to clarify from their books the purpose to make this section one of the advanced studies to them . The idea of writing a study about ( consideration ) was not absent from the intellectual due to what I saw of speakers' interest in this issue as they made it one of the first issues they take to study in their works as it relates to faith in Allah Almighty and to infer its existence through its effects , as it means to the speakers to be seen who is in charge in the directory to convey to science by God , meaning that the directories to be followed and meditated on and observing the effects of workmanship lead to knowledge of the existence of manufacturer ,creator and mastermind and this inference is necessary for inferred approval and recognition that the universe could not exist without a maker, created by a manufacturer and creator . Hence we realize the importance of this topic and speakers for this reason expanded in its research in terms of conventional meaning ,as well as many other ways ,as discussed in the necessity of commissioning consideration to reach to knowledge of God ,and answered many questions related to it ,including : Is commissioning obligatory binding to the general public or is it limited to private ? Is it beneficial to consider science or do not benefit it? Is the knowledge of God Almighty in evidence is due or not ?the origin of this obligatory ? Shara or the mind? And other matters relating to the consideration, not only that but speakers answered all the objections and the problems presented by opponents and opposed by them the evidences quoted and relied upon the judgment in obligatory consideration whether these objections were headed to Sharia texts which they quoted as evidence by or to the consensus which they said or to the mental rules by which they strengthened their evidences .

الكلمات الدلالية

نظر --- كلام

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