Table of content

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research.

مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية

ISSN: 18138497
Publisher: Basrah University
Faculty: Veterinary Medicine
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

. Basrah Journal of Veterinary research publishes in Arabic or English Original and distinguished paper ,short communications, Case reports and reviews in the field of veterinary sciences. The journal is published two times a year.

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Mobile;07801034925
E.mail;alaasawad1965@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2007 volume:6 issue:1

Article
immunopathological effect of sensitized transfer FACTOR ON THE ORGANS OF GUINEA PIGS AGAINST THEIR challenge infection with mycobacterium bovis
دراسة التاثير المرضي المناعي للعامل الناقل المحسس على اعضاء خنازير غينيا وحمايتها من خمج التحدي بعصيات السل البقري

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Abstract

In an experimental study was designed to evaluate the immunopathological effect of sensitized Mycobacterium bovis transfer factor in guinea pigs organs against challenge infection with these microorganisms. The results of this study were showed the followings: 1: Transfer factor recipient group:It was showed an early aggregations of macrophages and lymphocytes (early granuloma) in lungs and liver and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia and macrophages proliferation in the paracortical region of mediastinal lymph node and in periarteriolar sheath areas in the white pulps of the spleen (T cell regions).These early granulomas were persisted during 2" and 4h week postinocultation and slightly decreased and disappeared during the 6h and 8h weeks postinoculation respectively. 2:Group of infection with Mycobacterium bovis:It was showed on extensive tubercuclous granutomatous lesions in the lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys and in the mediastinal and hepatic lymph nodes.The lesions were initiated at 2nd week postinoculation and it gradually developed into extensive tuberculous granuloma with central caseation, during the 4h and 6h weeks postinoculation.These lesions were persisted and continued during 8h week postinoculation. Two animals died at 7h week postinoculation due to generalized tuberculosis. 3:Transfer factor recipient group and challenged with Mycobacterium bovis. It was showed a well developed granulomatous reactions in the lungs, liver, spleen and mediastinal and hepatic lymph nodes. These granulomas consisted of aggregation of epitheliod cells, lymphocytes and few giant cells without caseastion. These granulomas were initated during the 2' week and gradually increased in size in the 4h week and decreased at 6h week and completely disappeared during the 8th week postinoculation. No animals were died in this group. 4: Control group:It was showed neither morphological and nor histological lesions in the body organs. في دراسة صممت لمعرفة التاثير المرضي المناعي للعامل الناقل للمحسس بجراثيم السل البقري على اعضاء خنازير غينيا وضد خمج التحدي حيث كانت النتائج كالاتي المجموعة الاولى: مجموعة استلام العامل الناقل حيث بينت وجود اورام حبيبية مبكرة متمثلة بارتشاح البلاعم الكبيرة والخلايا اللمفاوية في الرئتين والكبد مع فرط لمفاوي فعال وتكاثر شديد للبلاعم الكبيرة في مناطق خلايا تي في الطحال والعقد اللمفاويةالمنصفية وان هذه الاورام الحبيبية المبكرة ظهرت خلال الاسبوع الثاني من الحقن واستمرت خلال الاسبوع الرابع لصغر حجمها


Article
HYDROGEN ION CONCENTRATION{ PH) OF VAGINA AND VAGINAL SECRETION AND ITS RELATIONS WITH DIFFERENT REPRODUCTIVE STATES IN COWS
الاس الهيدروجيني للمهبل والافرازات المهبيلية وعلاقته بمختلف الحالات التناسلية بالابقار

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Abstract

This study was achieved on 75 cross breed cows ( Jarubi X fresian) , The PH of vagina and its secretion was measured for all cows during the different oesturs phases ( proestrus estrus and l:uring different stages of pregnancy ) PH was measured by using PH paper. Results revealed that aginal PH of cows tends to be alkaline during proestrus; estrus and during luteal phase but in case of pregnancy the vaginal PH becomes acidic on the contrary to that of ewes. Results also indicated that there is no significant effect of neither cows age nor pregnancy frequency on PH Values of cows vagina and its secretion; results also showed that vaginal PH and its secretion had no signification effect on correlation between them. Results cleared that it is possible to diagnose pregnancy by means of PH values during this stages of pregnancy in an accuracy of 100% in pregnant cows confirmed by rectal

Keywords

Secretion --- Proestrus --- luteal phase


Article
STUDY THE EFFECT OF ALOE VERA OIL EXTRACT ON INCISIONAL WOUND HEALING IN FEMALS RABBITS
دراسه تاثير المستخلص الزيتي لنيات الصبر على التئام الجروح الخطية في اناث الأرانب

Authors: Methaq Marium A. K.** Zaniab W.K
Pages: 20-28
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Abstract

The influence oi‘Ai'oe vera oil extract,on wound healing was studied topically, the study involved preparation bf oil extract of Aloe vera ,also preparation of oil ointment was done .The study‘ involved b8 female rabbits, they were divided A into three groups (3"tf"St gm" a'"'"a' treated f°' (3 days) , 7th:second group treated for (7days) _ and 14"‘ day post wounding: third group treated for (14 days ).2full thickness incisional open wounds were done on the shoulder region of each group animals The wound(treated and control)were treated cpntinuously with 0.5mg oil ointment. All wounds evaluated macroscopically to the degree of (hyperemia and exudation )and microscopically to the neutrophil and macrophages infiltration ,re-epithelization fibroblast proliferation with collagen deposition and new blood capillary formation. Both macroscopic and microscopic results show the efficacy Show of Aloe vera oil extract in healing process as compared with control wounds.تم دراسةتاثير المرهم الزيتي لنبات الصبر موضعيا على التئام الجروح تضمنت الدراسة تحضير المستخلص الزيتي لنبات الصبر ومن ثم تحضير المرهم الزيتي تضمنت الدراسة 18 من اناث الارانب قسمت الى ثلاث مجاميع (اليوم الثالث والسابع والرابع عشر)


Article
EFFECT OF LIDOCAINE , DICLOFENAC AND THEIR MIXTURE ON SOME BLOOD PARAMETERS IN EXPERIMENTAL MICE
تاثير الليدوكان والدايكلو فيناك ومزيجهما على بعض معايير الدم في الفئران المختبرية

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Abstract

The study included the evaluation of tire haematological effects resulting from intramuscular injection of ( 1 mg/kg ) of Li! ocaine (group A) , Diclofenac (group B) and Lidocaine — Diclofenac mixture (group in experimental mice , as a result there was a significant decrease in haemoglobin dpncentration and reached it's lowest value in group C ( 7.04 gm/100ml ) . There was also a significant increase in both total WBCS cpunt and eosinophils number reached it's highest number in group C ( 9.88 X 103/mm’ , ll.2 % ) respectively , while the highest number basophils appeared in group B and reached ( 8 % ) , the same group showed a significant decrease in neutrophils number which reached to ( 17.6 % ) . the a granulocytes ( lymphocytes and monocytes ) showed no changes in number in all groups . تضمنت الدراسة تقييم التأثيرات الدموية الناتجة عن الحقن بالعضلة ل (ا ملغم/كغم من الليدوكايين المجموعة A و الديكلوفيناك المجموعة (B ) و مزيج من الليدوكايين و الديكلوفينك ( المجموعة ك ) في الفئران المختبرية { أظهرت النتائج انخقاظ معنويا في تركيز الهيموغلوبين و وصلت اقل قيمة له في المجموعة Cو بلغت ( ي . و تجاا ختلمر ٠ . ١مل ) كما أظهرت النتائج زيادة معنوية في كل من العدد الكلي لخلايا الدم البيضاء وأعداد الحمضات و بلغت أعلى قيمة لها في المجموعة C٨٨ي » كإ ٣ . ٩ لمملم٣ ، هم ا له فرع ) طى التوالي ، قي حين إن أعلى قيمة لأعداد القعداث كانت في المجموعة فا و كانت ( » فو ) كما أظهرلت نفس المجموعة انخفاضا معنويا في اعداد العدلات بلغ ( لإو٧ اا هو ) ا و لم ننسنشهد أعداد خلافا الدهم الهضاء تجر المير ( اللمفاوية و الخلايا وحيدة النواة ) انمي تغير في اعدادها في جميع المجاميع ‏‎

Keywords

Lidocaine --- Basophilic --- Mice.


Article
CAMEL RUMINAL BACTERIA,THEIR COUNT AND ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECT INCOMPARSION TO OTHER RUMINANT ANIMALS
بكتريا كرش الجمال اعدادها وتاثيرها المضاد للجراثيم مقارنة مع الحيوانات المجترة الاخرى

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Abstract

The baicterial and fungal population in the rumen fluid was measured by using, different V cultures mediia and incubation temperature. The Psychrophil, Camel, higher mean of mesophils,‘ psychrophilsj, coli form and fungi count was found in the rumenal fluid of sheep. While higher mean of staphylococci and Escherichia coli count was observed in the rumenal fluid of camel. Significant mean difference among microbial population in the rumenal fluid was observed between camel and sheep and between sheep and cow concerning the psychrophilic bacteria Also _ significant mean difference was observed in E coli mean count among camel ,sheep and cow I, rumenal fluid microbial population .There was no significant difference in the mean count of mesophils ,coliforrn ,staphy1ococci and fungi. A freshly isolated _E.coli from rumenal fluid of camel had antibacterial activity against ' Streptococcus: spp and Staph aureusتم حساب مجاميع الجراثيم والفطريات الموجودة في سائل الكرش باستخدام اوساط زرعية مختلفة وبدرجات حضن مختلفة ان اعلى معدل لعدد الجراثيم المحبة لدرجات الحرارة المعتدلة والمحبة للبرودة والجراثيم القولونيةفي سائل كرش الجمال ولوحظ فرق احصائي معنوي في معدل عدد الجراثيم المحبة للبرودةبين الجمال والاغنام وبين الاغنام والابقار ولذلك لوحظ فرق احصائي معنويفي معدل عدد الجراثيمالمحبة لدرجات الحرارةالمعتدلة والجراثيم القولونية والمكورات العنقودية والفطريات ان الشريكيا القولونية المعزولة من كرش الجمال اظهرتفعالية مضادةللجراثيم المكورات السبحيةوالمكورات العنقودية

Keywords

Camel Psychrophil --- E.coli


Article
clinical and histological evaluation of the effect of bovine saliva on the experimentally induced open wounds on rabbit
التقييم السريري والنسيجي للتاثير الموضعي للعاب الابقار على الجروح الجلدية المفتوحة والمستحدثة تجريبيا في الارانب

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Abstract

The use of bovine saliva as a wound dressing rriaterial. In the present study, bovine saliva was_ applied to experimental by second intention on the eilrperimental wounds in rats , and it's effects on _ epithelization, wound contraction newly formed granulation tissue. T f I . We evaluated the time interval required for wound healing using a standard wound with and without bovine saliva. The bovine saliva did interfere with a normal development of wound healing. - Histological evaluation was considered to parameters the effect of bovine saliva on wound healing. The effect appear to be due to an increase collagen activity , consequently improving the T _ collagen matrix and enhancing the breaking strength by lysosomes with salivaاستخدم في هذه التجربة لعاب الابقار كاحد مواد التضميد بوضعة تجريبيا على الجروح المستحدثة في الجرذان من خلال تاثيره على عملية الترميم الظهاري وتقليص الجرح وتكوين نسيج حبيبي جديد تم تقييم الفترات الزمنية لالتئام الجروح من خلال استحداث جروح نموذجية باستعمال لعاب الابقار الذي يتداخل مع التطور الطبيعي لعملية الالتئام اظهر التقييم النسيجي تغيرات كبيرةلتاثير لعاب الابقار على التئام الجروح نتيجة الزيادة في الفعالية الكولاجينية اضافة الى زيادة في الوسادة الكولاجينيةوزيادة قوة التحطيم الاليسوسومي للعاب

Keywords

Bovine --- Saliva --- wound healing


Article
DERMATOPHYTOSIS IN SHEEP OF AL-SAFAT SHOW IN BASRAH, IRAQ
مرض فطار الجلد في الضان المعروضة في سوق في البصرة-العراق

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Out of 437 sheep inspected (1963 male and 2474 female), 242 (5.45%) sheep among 268 specimens collected from suspected cases of dermatophytosis, which had clinical lesions of dermatophytic infections, that confirmed by positive culture on (SDA+Chloramphenicol+Cycloheximide) supplemented with thiamine and yeast extract and /or by direct microscopic examination using 10% KOH solution. The ringworm infections were varied from summer months (June— October, 2005) to those of winter months (November.2005 to March,2006) which were 59 (3.06%) and 183 (7.29%) respectively . The fungus affect both, the .outer layers of the skin as well as wool. It was spread centrally outward causing more or less circular areas of wool loss leaving scaly to powdery skin which was gray-white in color, measuring 2-10 cm. in diameter. The head, ears, loin, and neck were the most areas had been affected. The only causative fungus isolated was Trichophyton verrucosum

Keywords

thiamine --- Ringworm --- wool loss


Article
OIL EXTRACT OF LORANT H US E UROPE US SEEDS PROMOTES WOUND HEALING
المستخلص الزيتي لبذور نبات حب الدبق يشجع التئام الجروح

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Abstract

The efficacy of oil extract of the seeds of Loranthus europeus on wound healing was investigated. After the preparation of the oil extract, the oil ointment of L. europeus was prepared. A preliminary biochemical analysis were carried out to find out the chemical contents of L. europeus oil extract. The study involved 18 male rabbits, they were divided equally and randomly into 3 groups depending on post wounding biopsy: p(3'd,7Ih and l4‘hday post wounding). Two full thickness cut wounds were done on the both sides of shoulder regions( the left wound as control and the left as treated wound) of each group of animals. The treated and control wounds were treated continuously with (0.5mg) oil ointment and Vaseline base respectively, for 14”‘ day twice a day. All wounds were evaluate macroscopically which included "measurement of contraction rate, daily wound contraction, hyperemia, exudation and scab formation." and microscopically for "neutrophil, macrophage infiltration, re-epithelization, fibroblast proliferation with collagen production and new blood capillary formation". A Both macroscopic and microscopic results showed the efficacy of L europeus seeds in promoting the healing process significantly as compared with control wounds (P<0.05). The oil extract treated wounds showed significant increase in hyperemia, exudation and scab formation, neutrophils and macrophages infiltration, fibroblast proliferation with collagen production and formation of new epithelium (re-epithelization), contraction rate and daily wound contraction at 3”’ day post wounding, as compared with control wounds, but these categories showed reduction at 7”‘ day except in macrophages, re—epithelization and ‘ fibroblast with collagen production which all showed significant increase at 7"‘ and 14"‘ days post wounding as compared with control wounds. The preliminary chemical analysis for oil extract showed the presence of Glycosides, Carbohydrates, Aldehydes & Ketones, Trifrepenoides groups, protein and Polysaccharides, while Alkaloides, Flavonoides and Saponins are absent.


Article
EFFECT OF CHITOSAN SHEETS ON WOUND HEALING
تاثير رقائق الكايتوسان على شفاء الجروح

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Abstract

The study was aimed to evaluate the effect ofchitosan sheets on wound healing process and its activity as a wound dressing materials. Accordingly chitosan sheet was isolated and prepared from the exoskeleton of the native shrimps in Basrah Province. Twenty-four male rabbits were used and two full-thickness circular cuts (2cm in diameter) were made on the dorsal aspect of each rabbit. The healing process was evaluated macroscopically by evaluation of the properties of chitosan sheets on wound in terms of (adherence, absorption, and fluid accumulation) on different intervals (i.e.lSt,3’d,7‘h,and 15"‘ post wounding day). On the other hand the contraction rate in tested liand control wounds were evaluated during different intervals (i.e. at lS‘,3' ,7‘ ,and I5“ post wounding day).The healing process was evaluated microscopically in terms of (infiltration of neutrophils and macrophage infiltration, new blood vessels and fibroblast proliferation and Re—epithelialization). . The result of macroscopic evaluation showed that chitosan sheets were firmly adherent to ' . the wound with underlying mild fluid accumulation during the first three post wounding day. At , the same time the sheets started to disappear and completely absorbed at 7' day after wound breation. The result of the effect of the chitosan sheet on wound contraction demonstrated that the bontraction rate of tested wounds was significantly higher than in control wounds through the lperiod of experiment. In the treated group complete wound closure with contraction rate of 100% was reached at 103‘ post wounding day while the control wounds failed to close completely till the ’ lend of experiment at 15‘ day. The results of microscopic evaluation of wound healing process were demonstrated significant increase (p<0.05) infiltration of neutrophils in test wound at the first post ‘wounding day then decrease and completely disappear while persist in control wound. Infiltration of macrophages significantly increased (p<0.05) in tested wound during the period of experiment. §The fibrovascular granulation tissue and Re-epithelialization significantly more obvious in tested iwound than in control wound through the period of experiment (p<0.050).

Keywords

Chitosan --- Epithelization --- wounds


Article
ABNORMALITIES OF REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS IN EWES:A PROSPECTIVE HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY
افات الجهاز التناسلي لاناث الخراف- دراسة نسيجية امراضية مستقبلية

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This study was conducted on the genital tract of 214 ewes in Basrah province. The specimens were randomly collected from Basrah slaughter house within the period from ' December 2003 to April 2004. l The study aimed to evaluate and describe the different types of abnormalities affecting the genital tract of ewes both grossly and microscopically. - ‘ ' The gross examination of collected specimens was confirmed by histological examination. Pathological changes were found in 46% of the total cases. Uterine abnormalities comprised (70%) whereas ovarian abnormalities comprised (24%) and oviduct abnormalities were (6%).The commonest pathological conditions of the uterus was endometritislwhich comprised (24.76%) of pathological conditions. followed by endometrial hyperplasiai (2.33%) and pyometra (1:86 %). V I T The commonest abnormalities of the ovary are ovarian cysts (4.2%), followed by Para ovarian cysts (3.27%) and ovarobursal adhesion (2.8%). _ The abnormalities of the oviduct were less common and hydrosalpinx was the - commonest lesion (0.93 %). _ . 2 _ Neither congenital nor neoplastic abnormalities were detected in this study. . ' The study concluded that acquired pathological conditions are the major causes of abnormalities of the genital tract, of which endometritis is the most common. Thus,‘ the low reproductive rate of ewes may be attributed to that fact.

Keywords

Ewes --- Province --- Illterine

Table of content: volume:6 issue:1