جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2006 المجلد: 4 العدد: 1

Article
حقوق الإنسان أثناء النزاعات المسلحة والأزمات

المؤلفون: عبد علي محمد سوادي
الصفحات: 1-20
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الخلاصة

We are talking about the protection of injured and Sick in the seas in the International Humanitarian Law and Islamic Law . and the protection of the prisoners of war during the International Law ( Geneva conventions and Additional protocols ) and Islamic Law and treated of them and the difference between the Fighters and another them. The abstraction and used the force. The basic principles in Geneva Which they participation with the Human Rights :The Right of any person to respect his life and his dignity and principle of un distinction and the personal security and the phenomena of violation and human rights the conception of violation and its figures ,and the reasons of violation , the relation between the violation and the human rights

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Article
تأثير إضافة فيتامين E فى بعض خواص السائل المنوي للديكة المحلية الأبيض والأسود وعاري الرقبة الأبيض

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Article
Three Introduced Rice Cultivars response to Watering periods and Fertilization Levels on its flowering and productivity.
استجابة ثلاثة أصناف رز مدخلة لفترات الري ومستويات التسميد في مؤشراتها الزهرية والإنتاجية

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted at Al- Mishkhab Rice Research Station for growing season of 2001. The aim was to study the response of three new introduced rice cultivars to Iraq. i.e.Al Somood; Yasmin and Al - bernamag.4 under the effect of watering periods ( Continuous flooding “control“ and watering applied to two intervals, after 5 and 10 days ) and fertilization levels ( soil application by K and foliar application by Zn. Four treatments were used. ( control; K ( 30 kg/Donum; 2K ( 60 kg/ Donum and K+Zn ( 30 kg / Donum + 1.0 g/L., respectively ). Split – Split plot Design was used with three replicates. Duncans Multiple Rang Test was used to compare means at probability level of 5%. * Five flowering growth parameters, i.e.panicle length; panicle number per plant; branch number per panicle; seed number per panicle and setting percentage, besides productivity parameters,i.e. weighe of 1000 seeds and yield, were studied. Results indicated that: - Rice plants grown with continuous flooding gave significantly higher values in panicle length; panicle number per plant; seed number per panicle; setting percentage and productivity compared to the other irrigation treatments. - Al- sommood and yasmin cultivars produced the highest values in flowering parameters, meanwhile, Al-somood cultivar gave the highest values in productivity parameters. - Fertilization treatments had insignificant effects on flowering parameters, but ( K+Zn ) treatment produced significant effect on productivity parameters. - The interaction between continuous watering and Al- Somood cv. with ( K + Zn ) treatment produced the highest values for the studied parameters.

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Article
Development Zinc-selective membrane potentiometric sensor based on crown ether.

المؤلفون: Zeina Mohammed Kadhum Al-Mossawy
الصفحات: 25-35
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الخلاصة

A new liquid selective electrode for Zinc ions based on Di-benzo-18-crown-6 as membrane carrier with plasteicezer (DOPP) was prepared. The sensor exhibits a nernstian response for Zn2+ range with nernstian slope ,and detection limit of( )activity unit. .It has a response time of a bout(30 s) and can be used for at least (60 days) without any divergence. The proposed membrane sensor revealed good selectivity for Zn2+ over variety of other metal ions and could be used in pH range of (3-7).It was successfully used for direct determination of Zn2+ in solution.

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Article
أنماط الرضاعة في محافظة كربلاء

المؤلفون: علي موسى مهدي الموسوي
الصفحات: 28-44
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Article
تقدير وتحليل دالة استثمار السياحة الدينية في محافظة كربلاء للمدة ( 2004-1990

المؤلفون: حيدر يونس كاظم الموسوي
الصفحات: 33-44
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Article
تأثير موعد الزراعة والتسميد النتروجيني والفوسفاتي على صفات النمو الخضري والجذري لنبات الكزبرة المحلية (Coriandrum sativum L.)

المؤلفون: جمال احمد عباس
الصفحات: 44-65
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in the research field of the College of Agriculture / University of Kufa in 2003-2004 winter season , to study the effect of two planting dates (15/9,15/10/2003) and four levels of nitrogen fertilizer as urea (46%N)(0,100,200,300 kg N/ha) and for levels of phosphate fertilizer as triple super phosphate (48-52% P2 O5) and their interactions upon shoot parameters (plant height ,stem diameters, number of branches, shoot yield, dry weight of shoot and its percentage of dry weight of shoot ) and root parameters( dry weight of root and its percentage of dry weight of root) of Coriandrum sativumL. Local variety .Treatments were arranged according to the randomized complete block design (R.C.B.D) as a factorial experiment with three replications.

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Article
Investing oil income in activating permanent development
استثمار العوائد النفطية في تفعيل التنمية المستدامة

المؤلفون: حاكم محسن محمد
الصفحات: 45-58
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الخلاصة

This paper aims at pointing out the importance of oil income in selected oil-producing countries(Iraq , Saudia Arabia and Oman) and thy extent of using oil income in establishing economical base (industrial, agricultural or for tourism). This process positively affects current and coming generations since they have thy right to possess such properties so it needs to be run and invested properly. Also the paper tackles thy industrial sector in the above. Mentioned countries as one of the most important sectors. However, the industrial sector has been proved to be of less level than the required; in comparison to the oil income of these countries. As far as Iraq is concerned ,U.N. sanctions have negatively affected the industrial sector since there was no imports or exports except what is allowed according to the memorandum of understanding food for oil. this situation ends with the occupation of Iraq by U.K. and U.S.A , which leads to demolishing the industrial sector. Finally , the Iraqis look forward that the situation will get bett

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Article
القيادة الإستراتيجية والإبداع التنظيمي وتاثيرهما في تحقيق الميزة التنافسية بحث ميداني في شركات وزارة الإعمار والإسكان العراقية

المؤلفون: أكرم محسن مهدي الياسري
الصفحات: 59-85
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الخلاصة

يهدف البحث إلى دراسة العلاقة بين القيادة الاستراتيجية والإبداع التنظيمي وقياس تاثيرهما في تحقيق الميزة التنافسية، ومن اجل تحقيق ذلك تم التعبير عن القيادة بأبعاد (توجيه الرؤية الاستراتيجية، تطوير راس المال الفكري، والمحافظة على الثقافة التنظيمية) وعن الإبداع بأبعاد (القدرة على حل المشاكل واتخاذ القرار، القدرة على التغبير، روح المجازفة، وتشجيع الإبداع) فيما تم التعبير عن الميزة بأبعاد (الكلفة، النوعية، وقت التسليم، والمرونة). تم استخدام استمارة الاستبانه كمصدر أساسي للحصول على المعلومات وذلك من خلال إجابات القيادات الإدارية العليا لـ( 12) شركة من شركات وزارة الإعمار والإسكان بلغ عددهم (68) مديرا، وتوصل الباحث إلى عدد من الاستنتاجات منها: • تحقق الفرضية الرئيسية الأولى بنسبة (85.4%) والتي تنص على وجود علاقات ارتباط معنوية بين متغيرات البحث. • تحقق الفرضية الرئيسية الثانية بنسبة (75%) والتي تنص على تأثير القيادة والإبداع في تحقيق الميزة التنافسية. وخلص البحث، إلى عدد من التوصيات منها: • الاهتمام بأبعاد القيادة والإبداع لدورهما الكبير في تحقيق الميزة. • الدعوة إلى دراسة متغيرات أخرى تؤثر في تحقيق الميزة لم تدخل في نطاق البحث الحالي.

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Article
تاثير الاتونيكوالاصناف في نمو وحاصل الطماطة (Lycopersicum es Culentum mill) النامية في البيوت الزجاجية صنفي كارملو وGs-12

المؤلفون: حلمــي حامــد خضــر
الصفحات: 66-75
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Article
دراسة بعض الخواص الفيزيائية والكيميائية في مياه شرب نهر الفرات وسط العراق ومنطقة ريف دمشق (سوريا)

المؤلفون: لمـى مجيد أحمد --- زينـا محمد كاظم
الصفحات: 75-80
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الخلاصة

In this work some of physical and chemical properties for Euphrates river in middle Iraq and Demascus city( Seria) were studied, by calculating some parameters and compared with standard values. The some physical and chemical properties like, electrical conductivity (EC), refractive index (RI), surface tension (γ) and density(d) were found; above of that the concentrations of some anions such as, chloride ( ) , sulfate ( ), nitrate( ) and phosphate ( ) were measured. The concentrations of the positive ions (Mg2+,Ca2+) and the total hardness were calculated also, the pH for studied water was red.

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Article
تكامل المبيد الاحيائي فلوراميل مع المبيد الكيميائي الرايدوميل في السيطرة على مرض تعفن بـذور ومـوت بـادرات الطماطـة المتسبب عن فطرPythium aphanidermatum (Edson)Fitz.

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to find integration truggle program conit of biological control element representative by the biocide “Floramil” with combination of the chemicide “Ridomil 2.5G to control seed decay and seedling damping-off disease caused by Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson)Fitz. on Tomato plant . The laboratory experiments, showed ability both of biocide “Floramil” and chemicide “Ridomil 2.5G on completely inhibited the growth of Pythium aphanidermatum attained 100% in culture medium (P.D.A.) This study showed also agreement between biocide “Floramil” and chemicide “Ridomil 2.5G has no effect on the active substance to “Floramil” (Bacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens CHAO) when they mixed together with the chemicide (half dose) that gave efficiency in inhibition pathogen fungi to 100% . The result of mixing biocide “Floramil” and chemicide “Ridomil experiment on Pythium aphanidermatum achieved significant decrease in the percentage of seedling damping-off where attained “Floramil + Ridomil” Treatment 19.2% while control treatment 66.0% . “Floramil + Ridomil” gave significant increase in growth parameters where attained percentage of dry weight of shoot and root weights of 0.74 gm , 0.14 gm respectively while there was decrease in control treatment to 0.30 gm , 0.10 gm respectively . The result of field experiment revealed that the best integration formula between the biocide “Floramil” and chemicide “Ridomil 2.5G” on the percentage of seed emergence and seedling damping-off where attained 25% while , the control treatment attained 70% respectively .

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Article
تكامل المبيد الحيوي فلوراميل والمبيد الكيميائي بلاتينيت في مكافحة مرض تبقع الأوراق البني على الرز في محافظتي النجف و القادسية

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الخلاصة

This study was done to test integrated control program of the fungicide (Blitinate)and the biocide (floramil) against Brown Leaf spot Disease on Rice in Al-Najaf and Al-Qadisiah governorates. Blitinate showed inhibition of growth of the pathogens Curvularia lunata and Exerohilum rostratum by 66% and 77% respectively, while the fungus Bipolaris spicefera has no affecttion growth ,also the fungicide affected the sporolation of the isolated fungi from the rice plants and the fungus Bipolaris spicefera was the most affected where the numbers of spores reaches to (2808) spore/cm2 while it was (31590) spore/cm2 in the control treatment while the sporolation of Curvularia lunata and Exerohilum rostratum were the least affective one to the fungicide . The field experiment showed the effeciency of the treatment of the rice seeds with the biocide Floramil and spray the plants with the chemical fungicide Bilitinate came in the second degree that decreased the rate of infection rate to (18%) and increased the production significantly to (0.913)ton/Donam comparing with control plants (30%) and (0.680) respectively .

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Article
Isolation and Identification of Fungi causing of Brown Leaf spot Disease on Rice in two Governorates Al-najaf and Al-qadisiah / Iraq .
عزل وتشخيص الفطريات المسببة لمرض تبقع الأوراق البني على الرز في محافظتي النجف و القادسية / العراق

المؤلفون: سامي عبد الرضا الجميلي
الصفحات: 86-94
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الخلاصة

This study includes the identification of the causative agents of leaf spot disease on rice , in two Governorates Al-najaf and Al-qadisiah . The results of the feild survey for the season (2004)showed that there were a difference of the rates of the disease infection Al-Abasia region feilds was the most affected with a ratio (3.96%) then Al-Hureia region filds (3.03%) and lastly Al-Mhanaweia (2.86%). The laboratory test results proved that the fungi causing this disease were Exerohilum. rostratum ,Bipolaris spicefera and Curvularia lunata ,this is afirst report for Exerohilum. rostratum as causal agent of leaf spot on rise,and about the Bipolaris spicefera and Curvularia lunata ,the available reportes and scientific researchs in Iraq refers that both of them are not remarked on the rice in Iraq previously,and this is the first remark of them in Iraq since the available scientific references certified that the causative agent of the leaf spoting is the fungus Helminthosporium which was not remarked in this study.

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Article
تاثير الرش بالحديد وحامض الجبرليك في تركيز بعض العناصر الغذائية والكربوهيدرات في اوراق ثلاثة اصناف من الزيتون (Olea europaea L.)

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الخلاصة

Three cultivars of olive transplants (Khodeiri, Dremalali and Sorani) were spryed three times in the season with four levels of iron (0, 10,20 and 30 mg Fe.L.-1), and four levels of GA3 (0, 50, 100 and 150 mg GA3.L-1.) . Results indicated that there were a significant increase in leaves N and Fe content with the increase of iron in the solution, while the heighest conctent of K+ were in the application of 20 mg Fe.L-1., and their were a significant increase of Fe in the leaves with the increase of GA3 in the solution. Meanwhile the application of 100 mg GA3.L-1. gave the heighest concentration of P in the leaves. P and carbohydrate concentration didn't effected with the iron application, and N, P, and carbohydrate with the application of GA3. Sorani cultivar dominated on the Dremalali cv. in the P concentration only.The heighest leaves N and K+ content were in Sorani transplants spryed with 20 mg.Fe.L-1 +50 mg.GA3.L-1, P were in Sorani and Kodeiri transplants spryed with 20 mg.Fe.L-1+100 mg.GA3.L-1, Fe were in Kodeiri transplants spryed with 30 mg.Fe.L-1.+ 150 mg.GA3.L-1 ,and carbohydrate were in Sorani trasplants spryed with 30 mg.Fe.L-1.+ 150 mg.GA3.L-1.

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Article
تاثير الرش بالحديد وحامض الجبرليك في بعض صفات النمو الخضري لشتلات ثلاثة اصناف من الزيتون

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted during 2003 season. Three cultivars of olive transplants (Khodeiri, Dremalali and Sorani) were sprayed with four levels of iron (0, 10, 20 and 30 mg Fe.L-1), and four levels of GA3 (0, 50, 100 and 150 mg GA3.L-1) three times in the season. Results indicated that there were a significant increase in the stem height and diameter, leaves number, leaf area and the amount of chlorophyll with the application of iron or GA3 alone or both,and Dremalali cultiver was the highest respones to foliar spray with iron and GA3 compared with the other cultivars.The best treatment compared with the other was 30mg Fe.L-1+150mgGA3.L-1 in Dremalali transplants.

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Article
فهم الواقع البيئي ضرورة مستقبلية للاقتصاد العالمي

المؤلفون: هدى زوير مخلف الدعمي
الصفحات: 112-122
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Article
Effect of Rice Sludge and Nitrogen levels fertility on total microbial density and growth , yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.).
تاثير مخلفات الرز ومستويات السماد النايتروجيني في الكثافة العددية للميكروبات في التربة وفي نمو حاصل الرز (Oryza sativa L.

المؤلفون: حلمـي حامــد خضــر
الصفحات: 122-135
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted in green – house during which rice (Oryza sativa L.) cv . Anbare – 33 , was planted in the silty loam soil . Rice sludge and different Nitrigen levels fertility was used , the experiment lasted for 22 weeks in plastics pots . Microbial densities were determined after 2 , 4 , 7 , 10 , 14 and 18 weeks from sowing . At end of experiment , plant height , shoot dry weight , mean grains product , weight of 1000 grains proteins percentage of grain and total nitrogen in soil were measured .

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Article
واقع ومستقبل الاستثمار الأجنبي المباشر في المملكة العربية السعودية

المؤلفون: كاظم سعد عبد الرضا الأعرجي
الصفحات: 124-139
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Article
علاقة ضغط الدم وزمن التخثر مع مجاميع الدم

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الخلاصة

Three Handerend Twenty Blood Sampler Are Examind To Document The Frequency Of ABO And Rhesus Blood Group In Kerebala University , Showed The Blood Group O More Frequent then other Blood Groups Flowed By A, B , AB And Rhtis More Frequent Than Rh – Group . When Systolic And Diastolylic Blood Pressure Examine Showed Significant in Crease ( P <0.05 ) In Meen Blood = Pressure In mgld Type hypertension In O Blood Group With other Blood Group Compard , Also Coagulant Time Examinaion Found tobe Significantly Decreased (P<0.05) In Mean Coagulant Time In O Blood Group When Compard With Another blood . The Study Showed That No Significant diffence Male And Female .

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Article
تاثير مخلفات الرز ومستويات السماد النايتروجيني في الكثافة العددية للميكروبات في التربة وفي نمو حاصل الرز (Oryza sativa L.)

المؤلفون: حلمـي حامــد خضــر
الصفحات: 141-148
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted in green – house during which rice (Oryza sativa L.) cv . Anbare – 33 , was planted in the silty loam soil . Rice sludge and different Nitrigen levels fertility was used , the experiment lasted for 22 weeks in plastics pots . Microbial densities were determined after 2 , 4 , 7 , 10 , 14 and 18 weeks from sowing . At end of experiment , plant height , shoot dry weight , mean grains product , weight of 1000 grains proteins percentage of grain and total nitrogen in soil were measured .

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Article
الخصخصة وآثارها الكلية والجزئية على الاقتصاد العراقي في ضوء دراسة تجارب دول مختارة (مصر، الأردن)

المؤلفون: حسن نوري الياسري
الصفحات: 149-161
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Article
مدى إمكانية وملاءمة زراعة قصب السكر saccharum officinarum L. وتصنيع السكر اقتصاديا في محافظة كر بلاء

المؤلفون: نادر فليح علي آلمبارك
الصفحات: 162-177
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Article
Evaluation of MM106 and Omara apple rootstocks for salt tolerance in vitro
تقييم تحمل أصلي التفاح MM106 وعماره للملوحة خارج الجسم الحي

المؤلفون: Muslim Abid-Ali Abdel-Hussein
الصفحات: 178-185
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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted at Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory / Agricultural and Biological Research Center / raqi Atomic Energy Commission during 2001-2003 to study the possibility of using in vitro shoot culture in rooting stage to evaluate salt tolerance of two apple rootstocks (MM106 and Omara).Single shoots were cultured on MS medium as a rooting media supplemented with 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100mM NaCl for 8 weeks. All rooting parameters (rooting percentage, roots number, roots length )and plantlets growth(height of rooted shoot ) decreased as salt level increased in culture medium, with the reductions generally greater for Omara than MM106 rootstock. Also NaCl effect resulted in plantlet necrosis and a reduction in total chlorophyll content of both rootstocks.owever, plantlets of MM106 showed less relative root and shoot growth reduction under salt stress compared with Omara, therefore, it appeared to be more salt tolerant in vitro than Omara.

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Article
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL AND SKIN FUNGI INFECTION

المؤلفون: Ali Abdul – Hussein S. Al – Janabi
الصفحات: 186-188
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الخلاصة

Two groups were study in this work , first one content ( 115 ) patients with skin fungi infection , secondly content ( 100 ) patients with diabetes mellitus disease . First group was showed a few number of high glucose levels (7) , whereas second group was also showed a few number of fungus infection ( 15 ) and both of them revealed no significant difference from total number . Tinea corporis has a great number of patients with glucose level in the first group , whereas Tinea pedis has a great number in the second group with fungus infection

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Article
امتزاز دواء الميترونيدازول على سطح طين البنتونايت

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الخلاصة

Metronidazole drug (Flagyl) is widely used in as antiprotozoal drug in bowel parasitic diseases. Bentonite in medicine used as antidiarrheal, suspending agent, and as additives. Drug overdose may treated by adsorbents especially by activated charcoal suspension to prevent further absorption, but usually it is unacceptable to drink. Hence, an attempt was made in this work to estimate the ability of bentonite as adsorbent for metronidazole overdose in vitro as a possible alternative for activated charcoal. UV-Visible spectrophotometry technique was used to follow the quantity adsorbed after incubation of bentonite with a known concentration of metronidazole solutions. The adsorption experiments were repeated at (12, 25, 37.5, and 50ºC) to measure the thermodynamical parameters (ΔHº, ΔGº, ΔSº) of the adsorption process. The results showed that, there are small amounts of metronidazole ready to adsorb on bentonite. The thermodynamic parameters values were (ΔHº=18.68 KJ.mol-1, ΔGº=-10.03 KJ.mol-1, ΔSº=96.33 J.mol-1.ºK-1). The amount of the adsorbed drug was increased as the pH of the drug solution decreased. It can be concluded that the adsorption of metronidazole on bentonite is endothermic process with low thermodynamic parameters values. The adsorption enhanced by increasing temperature and by increasing acidity of the medium.


Article
تأثير الخزن على نتائج قياسات بعض المواد الكيموحياتية في مصل الدم

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