جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2006 المجلد: 4 العدد: 4

Article
Solution of Fractional Differential Equations by Using Variational Approach
حل المعادلات التفاضلية الكسريه بأستخدام الصياغة التغايرية

المؤلفون: Fadhel S. Fadhel --- Basim K. AL-Sultani
الصفحات: 1-8
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we modify a new approach based on variational techniques for solving fractional differential equations of the form: y()  F(x, y) y(1)(x0)  y0, where 0 <  < 1 This approach has its bases on using Magri’s approach (see [8] )for every linear operator, the results are established using direct Ritz method as well as optimization method to solve these fractional differential equations numerically.

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Article
The Evaluation of Antioxidants status in patients with bladder Cancer.

المؤلفون: Mufeed J. Ewad --- Rafid S.Ewadh --- Imad H. Mahmood
الصفحات: 1-13
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الخلاصة

Sixty seven patients with prooved carcinoma of the urinary bladder in Babylon Governorate and show changes in their glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and reduced glutathione (GSH) in the blood. The studied patients were (57) males and (10) females and the control group was (36).The mean age of the patients was (55) years old,68% were exposed to chemicals,46% of patients had history of urinary stones,84% were smokers and 91% presented with negative family history of tumors.The results of the study were:both GST and GSH in the blood decrease in bladder cancer,exposure to chemicals had affected both GST and GSH,urban and rural areas had nearly the same incidence of cases,GST is affected by testosterone while GSH is affected by estrogen and the size of the tumor affected both GSH-and GST.It is concluded that bladder cancer affects GST and GSH levels in the patients' blood.Gender,smoking,exposure to chemicals and age had a signifecant effect on blood levels of GST and GSH.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
عناصر المصفوفة المختزلة واحتمالية الانتقالات المغناطيسية ثنائية القطب للجسيم الواحد لنظائر Ba(A=130-136) الزوجية – زوجية باستخدام IBM-1

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الخلاصة

In the present work the reduced matrix element of magnetic dipole moment and the magnetic dipole transitions probability B(M1) were calculated for one body of even-even Ba(A=130-136, Z=56) isotopes using Interacting Boson Model (IBM-1). The behavior of the nuclear structure of these isotopes depending on the available experimental value was estimated showing good agreement in comparison with present work.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة الكساء السطحي للجنس Cichorium L. (Compositae) في العراق

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الخلاصة

The present work is a part of a comparative systematic study of the species of the genus Cichorium L. in Iraq . Indumentum of stems , peduncles , leaves , involucral bracts , florets , and fruits were studied for the species C.glandulosum ,C.intybus and C.pumilum , it was clear that the indumentum of these parts had a taxonomic importance , so it has been contained two groups of hairs , eglandular hairs which distinguished the three species and glandular hairs which distingushed C.glandulosum and C.intybus , each character and its variation was discussed . Table also presented to the three species explained the distribution of the glandular and eglandular hairs.

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Article
الترابط الستراتيجي بين الانتاجية والتشغيل في قطاع الصناعة التحويلية ((العراق حالة دراسية خاصة))

المؤلفون: مناضل عباس حسين الجواري
الصفحات: 11-19
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Partial purification of tannins from Quercus infectoria galls and the study of its effect on some isolated skin pathogenic microorganisms.
"التنقية الجزئية للتانينات من أعفاص نبات البلوط Quercus in fectoria ودراسة تأثيرها على بعض الأحياء المجهرية الجلدية الممرضة "

المؤلفون: Ali Abdulkadhm AL-Ghanimi --- Aziz Yasir AL-Ethari --- Husain Kadhm Abdulhusain
الصفحات: 14-22
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الخلاصة

Five methods were used for the extraction of tannins from Quercus infectoria galls. Results revealed that extraction with acetone (70%) was the best. Biochemical detection showed the existence of tannins and glycosides in the gall extract, with no alkaloids and essential oils. As regards biological test, the gall extract was very efficient in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogens, Pseudomonas auroginosa and the dermatophytic fungi: Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) were 5 and 10 mg/ml for S. aureus and P. auroginosa, respectively. A partial purification for the above- mentioned extract was conducted. The purification steps included extraction with acetone (70%), extraction with ethanol (95%) and adsorption chromatography with Sephadex LH-20.

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Article
تأثيرالتسميد الورقي بالفسفوروالبوتاسيوم في الحاصل وبعض مكونات محصول الـــــــــرز

المؤلفون: علي حسن فرج
الصفحات: 20-30
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الخلاصة

To study the best combination of foliar fertilizers application P and K on yield and some yield components of rice cv .Anbar -33 . Field experiment was conducted at the farmer's field in Mishkhab , during 2001and 2002 seasons. The design of the experiment was according to RCBD with 3 replications.There were17 treatments, one of these was the check treatment (soil application ) was a combination of 160) N50 + P+120 K ) Kg .ha-1 and the other 16 treatments was applied as foliar treatments as well as added 1/4 the check treatment P and K quantities with 160 N. Kg. ha-1 to the all foliar treatments in which there were four levels of P( 0 , 7.5 , 12.5 , 17.5) kg P.ha-1 and K ( 0 , 10 , 15 , 20 ) kg K/ha. The results showed that the suitable P- foliar fertilization treatment was 12.5 kg P.ha-1 (P2) which caused significant differences in biological rice yield and grain yield of the two seasons .The mean increased to about 18.0 and 10.3% for biological rice yield and and 23.9 and 14.6 % for grain yield compared with the water foliar (P0 ) and P1 (7.5) kg P. ha-1- respectively. Using K - foliar fertilization treatment (K3 ) caused significant differences in biological yield ,and grain yield the mean increased 21.6 and 12.3 % for biological yield and grain yield 22.5 and 12.6 %compared to the water foliar (K 0) and 10 Kg K.ha-1- (K1) respectively ,and no significant differences recorded between K2 and K3 treatments in two characteristics . The results showed that the application of (12.5P+20K) kg.ha-1 gave the highest mean for biological yield 11336 Kg/ha and rice grains yield 3228 Kg/ha , with season 2001 and the application of (17.5 P + 15K ) kg.ha-1 gave biological yield 12286 Kg/ha and rice grains yield 3926 Kg/ha , for season 2002. As well as the mean No. of panicles 222.6 and No. of grains 147.3 compared with the other foliar treatment. While no significant differences recorded in the other plant traits ,there was treatment also had increased effects compared with the soil application treatment.

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Article
Risk Factors for Mortality in Patients with Renal Injury

المؤلفون: Emad Hassan AL-Jaff
الصفحات: 23-28
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الخلاصة

Introduction: renal trauma is the most common urologic trauma and occurs in 3% of all admissions and as many as 10% of patients who sustained abdominal trauma. Patients and methods: 36 patients had renal injury, 28 patients injured during explosion due terrorist's attacks. 30 males and 6 females, age 11-50 years. All underwent emergency resuscitation then the patients either admitted to the ward for further evaluation or underwent emergency exploration if indicated. Results: The mechanism of injury was blunt trauma in 18 patients 50%, penetrating trauma in 14 patients 38.9% and combined in 6 patients 11.1%. The grades of injury were grades I & II in 16 patients 44.4%, grade III in 8 patients 22.1%, grade IV in 9 patients 25% and grade V in 3 patients 8.3%. Other organs involvement was found in 20 patients 55.5%, 4 patients 20% had blunt trauma, 15 patients 75% had penetrating trauma and one patient 5% had combined trauma. Death occurred in 9 patients 25%, 8 (44.4%) had penetrating trauma and one patient 5.5% had blunt trauma .The commonest causes of death were septicemia and renal failure. Conclusions: Type and severity of injury and other organs involvement are important factors in mortality of patients with renal injury

الكلمات الدلالية

renal --- injury --- complication --- mortality


Article
Glutathione,Calcium and Glucose levels in lenses of Patients with Cataract

المؤلفون: Mufeed J. Ewadh --- Qasim Al-Rubayee --- Rafid S. Ewadh --- Khawla A. Shemran
الصفحات: 29-32
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الخلاصة

A cataract is an opacity of crystalline lens(congenital or acquired) .The lens works with the transparent cornea to focus light on the retina at the back of the eye.Fifteen patients with lens cataract who attended the department of ophthalmology at Al-Hilla Teaching Hospital were examined for some of the chemical contents of their cataractous lenses.Patients were eight females and seven males,presented with a mean age of (62±5.96)years old. The mean calcium ion concentration in the cataracted lenses was(24.2±14.7)µmol/gm.Considering antioxidants,reduced glutathione concentration (GSH) in the lenses was analysed and found to be (6.88±3.57)µmol/L.As Monosaccharides D-glucose, D-galactose are know to be cataractogenic, glucose content of the catarctous lenses was estimated and it revealed a mean concentration of (27.62±11.5)mg/dl.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تقويم السياستين المالية والنقدية في العراق للسنوات 1991 ـ 2002

المؤلفون: توفيق صبري المراياتي
الصفحات: 31-43
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Seismic Refraction and Cross-Hole Techniques for Investigate the Top Soil and Water Table Beneath the High Pumping Station Hall of Al-Hussian water Supply Station, Kerbala, Iraq

المؤلفون: Ahmad, S. Al-Banna --- Ammar, J. Al-Khfaji --- Esam, S. Banno
الصفحات: 33-42
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الخلاصة

The present study aims to investigate the possible causes of cracks, in the walls of buildings and storage tanks, in Al-Hussian water project of Kerbalaa city. Eight seismic refraction profiles and seven cross-hole sections were made to investigate the pumping station hall in the studied site. Two refractors were obtained. The first one is at depth range 1–2.5 meters, which coincides with the water table level and base of foundation (two meters below the ground level). The second refractor is depending on cross-hole results of depth range 4- 4.5 meters; which confirms to the top of the dense sand layer. It is believed that water seepage from broken pipes and its infiltration through the soil play the great role in washing the soil and changing the water table level from one point to others. The differential washing of soil causes differential settlement beneath the buildings which is appears as cracks at the walls.

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Article
The effect of obesity on left ventricular geometric patterns in obese essential hypertensive patients

المؤلفون: Mansour Abbas Al-Sultani --- Sabah Mikhael Yacoub
الصفحات: 43-50
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الخلاصة

This study was performed in Baghdad Teaching Hospital to study whether obesity adds to the adverse effects of hypertension on the heart, namely on the left ventricular geometric pattern, in obese hypertensive patients compared to non-obese hypertensive patients. One hundred eighty hypertensive patients were selected and grouped into two groups, 144 obese hypertensive (group 1: obese HT ) and 36 non-obese hypertensive (group 2: non-obese HT). The two groups showed non-significant differences in respect to the general and echocardiographic characteristics except for the body mass index in kg/m2 (obese HT vs non-obese HT, 31.68± 0.36 vs 26.06±0.33, p= 0.0001) and for the LV mass/height 2.7 in gm/m2.7 (obese HT vs non-obese HT, 93.96±3.79 vs 75.81±9.07, p=0.001). Of the obese HT patients, 12(8%) were having normal LV geometric pattern and 132(92%) showed abnormal LV geometric pattern; Of the non-obese HT patients, 9(25%) were having normal LV geometric pattern and 27(75%) showed abnormal LV geometric pattern (p= 0.0001 overall). There is percentage difference of 17% in the abnormal patterns in the two groups. This was attributed to the presence of obesity in the obese HT group. This study concluded that in the management of obese hypertensive patients it is very essential that not only treating hypertension per se but to plan for promotion of optimal body weight besides controlling hypertension through life style measures such as adequate exercise and proper nutrition and trying to maintain ideal body weight for the whole life of the patient.

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Article
دراسة نوع وطبيعة الانتقال الالكتروني وتأثير بعض المجاميع المعوضة على قواعد شيف


Article
Mechanism of bacterial biofilm formation in milk containers
آلية تكون الأغشية الحيوية البكتيرية في حاويات الحليب

المؤلفون: حوراء وهاب عزيز --- حسن فاضل ناجي
الصفحات: 51-61
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الخلاصة

Different 44 bacterial isolates were isolated from biofilms of raw cow milk. The results were elicited that the Gram-negative isolates showed maximum percentage(81.8%) of total bacteria, whereas the minimum(18.2%) was found in the Gram-positive isolates. However, the average number of total bacteria count in biofilms of milk containers was 60000 cell/ ml/ cm. When the mechanism of biofilm formation was followed, using submerged slides technique, it was found that differences in the percentage of Gram-negative isolates (75.3%) from Gram-positive isolates (24.7%), however, the motile bacteria showed more competence than non motile in formation process. These findings suggest that the Gram-negative bacteria, with respect to motile bacteria have significant role in formation of biofilms and spoilage of milk.

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Article
"Effect of the Distance of Surroundings material on the Signal / Noise Ratio of the NaI (Tl) Detectors"

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الخلاصة

In the present work the effect of the distance surroundings material on the signal to noise (S/N %) are studied , for the two sizes of scintillation detectors NaI (Tl); (3"X3" and 1.5"X1.5"),by using two radioactive sources (Co- 60 and Cs -137) and Iron and P.V.C cylinders. The experimental results shows that the Signal to the noise ratio (S/N %) are increasing in both the distance and photons energy increasing. The effect of size of NaI(Tl) on the ratio of (S/N %) as well as the type of materials dependence is present too.

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Article
تقدير افضل تنبوء خطي غير منحاز (BLUP ) للأباء اعتمادا على المدة من الولادة الى التلقيح المثمر لبناتها في قطيع من الهواشتاين

المؤلفون: فراس رشاد السامرائي
الصفحات: 53-61
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الخلاصة

Data of 13801 record belonged to 4100 Holstein cows were analysed over period from 1992 to 2003, at the Al-Nasr Dairy Cattle Station, TheUnited Company for Animal Resources Ltd., Al-Soueira ( 50 Km South of Baghdad ). The aim of this research is to study the effect of some fixed factors (season and year of calving .parity , sex of calf and age at first calving) on days open and to estimate their heritabilities in addition to estimate best linear unbiased prediction for sires depending on the days open of their daughters. The data were statistically and ysed by using General Linear Model (GLM) within the SAS program 2001 was used to study the effect of some fixed effects . Variance component of for the random effects in the employed mixed model were estimated by using the Minimum Variance Quadratic Unbiased Estimation ( MIVQUE) method. Harvey program was also used to estimate BLUP values for 97 sire . Overall mean of days open was 173.06 day and the effect of all fixed factors were highly significantl (P < 0.01) except for age at first calving which was not significant. The heritability of first , second .third .fourth . fifth , sixth and total days open being 0.00 , 0.03 , 0.002 , 0.005 , 0.07 , 0.005 and 0.02 respectively. The corresponding phenotypic trends for the same traits were – 0.60 , - 4.65 , - 7.91 , - 9.86 , - 12.23 , - 12.37 and – 4.46 day/ year , and all of them were highly significant (P < 0.01 ) except the phenotypic trend of the first days open which was not significant . Best linear unbiased estimation for 97 sires ranged from – 12.99 to 14.80 days.

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Article
Biochemical Markers And Risk Factors In Acute Myocardial Infarction

المؤلفون: Mufeed J. Ewadh --- Riyadh A. Heniwa --- Hassen G. AL-Awady
الصفحات: 60-78
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الخلاصة

This study included 100 patients with myocardial infraction 77 were males and 23 were females with their mean age ( 58 ± 19 years ). While the control groups consist of 45 subjects. They were chosen from medical staff and relatives who were free from signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease 38 were males and 7 were females, with their mean age (56±11 years old). Blood samples were taken from the patients 24 hours after attack and urine samples were collected from the patients in the 3rd day after attack. Blood and urine samples were gathered from the control groups for comparison. The results shows that creatine kinase , relative index micro albuminurea and serum uric acid found to be in high level compared with control as well as creatine kinase – MB . While the serum albumin found to be scientifically lower in its concentration .

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Article
بعض العوامل المؤثرة في نسبة الهلاكات عند الولادة ومعدل التوائم لدى ابقار الهولشتاين

المؤلفون: يحيى خالد عبدالرحمن التميمي
الصفحات: 62-67
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الخلاصة

At the Nasr Dairy Cattle Station , United Company for Animal Resources Ltd., and over the period from 1991 to 2001 , 9522 records Holstein cows were analyzed statistically . The study conducted to investigate the effects of some non-genetic factors on the mortality at calving and twining rate , and estimate of regression coefficient of mortality rate on birth weight , and estimate of heritability and repeatability . Overall mean of mortality and twining rate were 0.17 and 1.0362 respectively . The effect of calving year on mortality rate was significant . The regression coefficient of mortality rate on birth weight was highly significant (0.613% / kg). The effects of parity , season (P < 0.01) , year (P < 0.05) , on twining rate were significant . Heritability estimated of mortality and twining rate was 0.08 and 0.005 and repeatability estimated was 0.26 and 0.16 respectively

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Article
دراسات مسببات الاسهال الطفيلية لدى الاطفال الوافدين الى مستشفى الاطفال في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

In Summer (June, July and August /2003) ,349 faecal samples have been tested (238 males and 11 1 females).The subjects aging from 10 days to five years .The methods used were the direct smear method and sedimentation .The results revealed the presence of four species of intestinal parasites .-three protozoans and two intestinal helminthes: Entamoeba hisrotytica(l3.2%),Giardia lambia (8.3%), Entamoeba coli (5.2%), Hymenolepis nuna (7.2%) and Enterobius vermicular is (6.0%) The overall precentage incidence of infection was 39.5% .Also ,there were significant differences between the incidence of infection of males in comparison to females .The same differences noted in the overall percentage incidence of infection during the study period as well as in the age groups .Finally ,the highest percentage incidence of infection was detected in bottole -feeder infants (52.2%) where as the lowest in breast-feeding infants (3 1.4%).

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Article
تأثير منظم النمو IBA وسائل النهرين على تجذير العقل الطرفية والوسطية الغضة لبعض اصناف الزيتون Olea europaea L.

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الخلاصة

Studies to find out the effect of two stem cutting types (soft-wood and semi-hard wood cuttings), three IBA levels (0, 2000 and 4000 ppm) and two Al-Nahrein nutritive rates (0 and 2ml/L) on the rooting of four olive (Ashrasi, Labeeb, Manazanillo and Graffa) cultivars, were carried out during 2003-2004 at the experimental lathhouse of the division of plant biotechnology at Al-Mussiab Technical College. The experiment designed as a factorial in randomized complete block design. The outstanding results emerging from this study are summarized bellow:- 1. The study indicates that the rooting percentage as well as the other growth parameters were much higher for the olive "Ashrasi" cultivar, however, the rooting percentages for this cultivar were (60.62 and 60.41%) followed by Manzanillo cultivar for the both seasons respectively. 2. The reduction in the rooting percentage and the growth parameters was observed to be related with Graffa cultivar. 3. The semi-hardwood cutting had an obvious impact on the all growth parameters studied in this experiment. 4. A significant effect of IBA on the rooting percentage and improved all parameters studied was noted for both the seasons. 5. Interactions of cutting type, cultivar, IBA and Al-Nahrien nutritive solution showed a different magnitude of relationships in different seasons. V1P1C2N1, however, resulted in (86.17 and 85.37%) rooting of the cuttings for the both seasons, respectively. 6. Data reflected a clear relationship between C/N ratio and the rooting ability of the cuttings for all the CVS studies

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Article
Development Zinc-selective membrane potentiometric sensor based on crown ether.

المؤلفون: Zeina Mohammed Kadhum Al-Mossawy
الصفحات: 79-85
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الخلاصة

A new liquid selective electrode for Zinc ions based on Di-benzo-18-crown-6 as membrane carrier with plasteicezer (DOPP) was prepared. The sensor exhibits a nernstian response for Zn2+ range with nernstian slope ,and detection limit of( )activity unit. .It has a response time of a bout(30 s) and can be used for at least (60 days) without any divergence. The proposed membrane sensor revealed good selectivity for Zn2+ over variety of other metal ions and could be used in pH range of (3-7).It was successfully used for direct determination of Zn2+ in solution.

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Article
BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF SOME NICKEL(II) COMPLEXES
الفعالية البايولوجية لبعض معقدات النيكل (II)

المؤلفون: Zuhoor F. Dawood --- Adeba Y. Shareef --- Manal A . Al-Shama,a
الصفحات: 86-94
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الخلاصة

The biological activity of some nickel (II) complexes containing mixed ligands {having the formulaes [Ni2(Sch)2(Py)4(NO3)2](NO3)2 and [Ni2(Sch)2(Py)4(NO3)3]NO3 (where Sch=benzaldehyde semicarbazone - Bsch or 2-fluorobenzaldehyde semicarbazone - Fsch; Py = substituted pyridine: 2-aminopyridine - Py1, 4-aminopyridine – Py2, 2,3-dicarboxypyridine - Py3, 2-amino-3-hydroxypyridine - Py4, 2-amino-4-methylpyridine - Py5 or 3,4-dicarboxypyridine - Py6 )} in dimethylsuphoxide solutions(DMSO) have been evaluated by agar plate diffution technique against five human pathogenic bacterial strains: Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus vulgaris . The complexes were found to have antimicrobial activity on some gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, in vitro. The effective concentration ranging between 62.5-500 µg/ml. Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the most sensitive bacteria followed by Staphylococcus


Article
Synthises of 3 – glucosyl ibuprofen ester derivative

المؤلفون: Maha Kasem
الصفحات: 94-101
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الخلاصة

3-glucosyl ibuprofen ester was synthesized by esterification of ibuprofen carb-oxylic acid group to obtaine a new ibuprofen derivative that may have more water– solubility than ibuprofen and may also be possible to reduce the dose by effectively delivering the drug inside the cell.

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Article
ربة جنوب شرق اسيا ومحاولة الاستفادة منها في الاقتصاد العراقي

المؤلفون: مهدي سهرالجبوري --- مناضل عباس الجواري
الصفحات: 96-102
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Serum Cholesterol Level in Iraqi Depressed Patients: Results and Review
تركيز الكوليستيرول في مصول العراقيين المصابين بالكآبة: نتائج واستعراض

المؤلفون: Hussein K. Abdul Hussein --- Amir Fadhel --- Amir Omran
الصفحات: 102-121
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الخلاصة

Background: Cholesterol is widely distributed in all tissues, but it is especially abundant in the nervous system, where it is important for many aspects of cellular structure and function. Depression is present in high range in patients admitted to hospital after a myocardial infarction and is an independent risk factor for increased mortality. Cholesterol is one of the risk factor of ischaemic heart diseases (IHD). Any association between depression and cholesterol level is complex and may be confounded by the increase use of antidepressants and other medications among persons with depression. In this work, an attempt was carried out to link depression, serum cholesterol, and the effect of treatment by measuring serum cholesterol in the tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) treated depressed patients and compare with control and untreated depressed patients to evaluate the effect of treatment on serum cholesterol. The second aim of this study is to review the majority of researches that studied serum cholesterol in different categories of depressed patients in different countries. Patients and Methods: This study included (38) depressed patients who are on TCAs as one of the drugs prescribed for the treatment. The second group consists of seventy two untreated depressed patients. Fifty apparently healthy subjects (no depression and IHD) were selected as a control group. Their sex and age were comparable to those of patients. Total serum cholesterol was measured by using enzymatic method for the trhree groups under study. Results: There is a significant decrease (p<0.05) in mean serum cholesterol in untreated depressed patients as compared with control or treated depressed patients. While no significant changes noticed from the comparison between treated depressed patients and control group. The results showed that there is a significant difference between males and females in control and untreated depressed patients groups while there is no significant difference in serum cholesterol in between male and female in Treated Depressed Patients. Conclusion: From the results of this research and the review, it can be concluded that: Depression is not yet a consistent risk factor for IHD. Low cholesterol in suicide patients (usually severely depressed) can be predicted by a severe decline in appetite and cease of food ingestion. Therefore, cholesterol levels in their serum should be decreased. Treatment with TCAs results in improvement in depression symptoms, including appetite, but has bad side effects on heart. Hence, the diagnosed depressed patients, who already under treatment, have a higher risk of IHD than control. In those groups of depressed patients, serum cholesterol will be normal or higher than the baseline, but they have a higher risk of IHD.


Article
Water extract effect of Datura fruit on emergence and early growth of wheat , barley ; toothed and rye grass seedlings .
تاثير المستخلصات المائية لثمار نبات الداتورة في الإنبات والنمو المبكر لبادرات الحنطة والشعير والكرط والشيلم

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted at Dept of Biology , Science college . Kufa Univ . on 2001 , to study the effect of Datura fruit extracts ( by cold and boiled water ) at a conc. of 0,25, 50,75 and 100% for germination percentage ; length of plumule ; length of radicle and radicle number , for four species wheat , barley , toothed and rye grass , that their seeds were sown in Petri- dishes that were covered in side by filter paper . Then , they watered by equal amounts of the above extracts conc . for ten days . The experiment was adopted by ( R.C.D) with three factors ; extract method , extract concentrations and plant species . Results indicated that , with both equous extracts for Datura fruit , and with all its concentrations the percentages emergence and the growth of tested plants for early period were reduced . Tested plants responded differently towards the extract effects and its concentrations . The severe effects were with toothed seedlings

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Article
الكفاءة التناسلية المقدرة بمعادلة Tomar وعلاقتها كمتغير مستقل وتابع مع مدة الحياة والحياة الانتاجية في الهولشتاين

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الخلاصة

A total of 17935 Record belonged to 4100 Holstein cows maintained at Nasr Dairy Cattle Station over period from 1987 to 1999 were analyized.The aim is to study the effect of breeding efficiency estimated by Tomar equation as independent and dependent factor on longevity in order to estimate genetic and phenotypic correlations.The General Linear Model within SAS program was used to study the effects of breeding efficiency ,season of birth ,year of birth and parity on longevity and productive life.Component of variance for the random effects was estimated by MIVQUE method. The heritability of longevity , productive life and breeding efficiency were 0.04 , 0.05 and 0.04 respectively.The genetic correlation was negative and significant ( p <0.01 ) between breeding efficiency and each of longevity and productive life , the coefficient being – 0.18 , - 0.17 .The corresponding estimates for phenotypic correlations were – 0.11 and – 0.10

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Article
بعض صفات التربة الفيزيائية والكيميائية المؤثـــرة فـي فشل التبطين بالكابيون لبزل الرزازة وعلى مستوى اداءه

المؤلفون: مرتضى جليل ابراهيم --- محمد مسلم عويد
الصفحات: 118-134
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الخلاصة

The field study of Razaz drainage project indicates ,after Collecting Soil samples from tow sides and its pad drainage with four anther locations ,that physical and chemical properties have significant effect on the failure of Gapyun. The result of mechanical analysis significant effect at 0.01 level for tow Percentages Silt and Clay Composed with sand percentage , when we analyzed that data by Randomized Complete Bloke Design ( RCBD) as well as Duncans test . Either chemical properties which clacked for determinations meq / 100 gram soil , meq / L and the later as percentage , indicate that Gapyun failure was affected by Cation exchange Capacity CEC , Electric Conductivity EC , exchangeable sodium ion, available sodium ion and exchangeable potassium ion for tow level 0.01, 0.05 , which are compared with HCO3 and Soil – PH that haven't any significant effect . These results were reached by the same analysis,(CRBD) and Duncans test .

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Article
Evaluation of antidermatophytes activity of Nystatin

المؤلفون: Ali Abdul Hussein S. AL- Janabi
الصفحات: 122-125
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الخلاصة

Antifungal activity of Nystatin was tested against three species with two variants of Trichophyton, one genera of Dermatophytes groups, (Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes, T. mentagrophytes var. interdigitale, T. rubrum and T. simii) which are revealed a significant differences (P<0.01) effect on the growth of T. rubrum & T. mentagrophytes at concentration 2 mg/ml and against T. simii at 3 mg/ml , whereas complete inhibition of T.rubrum & T. simii had shown after culturing on media containing 4 mg/ml of Nystatin .

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Article
استخدام طرائق مختلفة لمكافحة الأدغال المرافقة لصنفين من قصب السكرSaccharum officinerum L. و أثره في صفات النمو و حاصل السيقان

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الخلاصة

One expriments was conducted in the farm of the General Company for Sugar in Missan during 2001 , 2002 and 2003 to ivestigate the effect of methods of control companion weeds , varietes and their interaction on sugar can Saccharum officinarum L. growth and stems yield . In the expriment treatments included methods of control companion weeds : Chemical control ( bentazon herbicide ) , Chemical control ( Chevalier herbicide ) , Chemical control ( bentazon + Chevalier herbicide ) , Intercropping system ( with Barseem ) , Intercropping system ( with Millet ) , Intercropping system (with Barseem + Millet ) and control treatment were regarded sub ( plot ) treatments and varietes : MISSAN 1 and Co331 as main ( plot ) treatments. Split plot design was used in experiment with three replications . The results of the present study showed that : 1 - The Co331 variety led to lowest weed densities and significant increases the number of tillers and stems yield . but the MISSAN 1 variety led to significant increases in the plant height and stem diameter . 2 - methods of control companion weeds led to significant degreases in the weed densities .Intercropping system (with Barseem + Millet ) with the Co331 led to lowest weed densities which were 4.00 plant m² compared with control treatment . 3 - Chemical control ( bentazon + Chevalier ) , Intercropping system (with Barseem ) and Intercropping system (with Barseem + Millet ) led to increases the number of tillers and stems yield but significant decreases in the plant heights and stem diameter . Intercropping system ( with Millet ) led to increases the plant heights but reducing the number of tillers and stems yield .The conclusion present study used method of control with intercropping system ( with Barseem ) to control companion weeds and led to increased stems yield by 21%

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Article
تقيم مياه الشرب في محافظة كربلاء من الناحية البكتريولوجية

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الخلاصة

This study was established to evaluate and indicate some pathogenic bacteria for drining water in Karbala city . Samples were taken from three projects(stations). These are Hay AL-Hussein (A) and AL-Hussein town (B) projects which are located on AL-Husseinia channel and AL-Hor projects (C) which is located on AL-Rahidia channel.Aerobic bacteria total count (Abtc), Total coliform (Tc), Fecal coliform(Fc), Fecal streptococci(Fs), Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Tow groups of samples have been taken from each projects (A, B and C) during the cold season (1/1/2004 - 1/3/2004) and during the warm season (1/5/2004 – 1/7/2004) . The results indicate that there is increasing in the investigated bacteria in raw water particularly in AL-Rashidia project (C) . The results also showed that there is almost equal in total coliform , fecal streptococci and fecal coliform in the three propjets in the warm season .But there is markly increase in the cold season . The numbers of pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria is higher in A project than compared with B and C project in both seasons .

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Article
قابلية تحمل ستة أصناف من الحنطة لتراكيز مختلفة من كبريتات الكالسيوم في المحلول المغذي

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الخلاصة

ِAn experiment was carried out during winter growing season 2003-2004 in the green house of the department of soil, State Board for Agricultural Research at Abu-ghraib. The objective was to study the tolerance ability of six wheat cultivars (Abu-graib , Al-fateh, Sham4, Sham6, telafar2 and Telafar3 ) to increasing concentrations of calcium sulphate (0,5,10 and 15) mmol/L using hydroponic technique. It was found that increasing concentration of calcium sulphate in the nutrient solution resulted in a clear decrease in all the studied characteristics, with clear difference due to the different tolerance of these varieties to high concentrations of calcium sulphate. Al-fateh cultivar was the best in term of tolerance as it is showed high values for the studied characteristics, while Sham6 showed explicit sensitivity and low tolerance ability to high concentration of calcium solphate due to lower values for most parameters. The tolerance ability for other cultivars was between Sham6 and Al-Fateh cultivars.

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Article
اثر الإصابة بالداء السكري على بعض معايير الدم الكيموحيوية لدى النساء

المؤلفون: ابتسام عباس ناصر الجراح
الصفحات: 166-173
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to determine some of the changes which occur in some biochemical blood parameters due to the affection with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) The studied biochemical tests included: concentration of calcium , serum Bilirubin and serum protein to (30)blood samples divided to three groups : (10) samples from women with Insulin–dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) ,(10) from women with Non Insulin -dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM)and (10) from women not affected with Diabetes Mellitus (DM). The result showed a significant decrease ( p< 0.05)in serum Bilirubin in (IDDM) rather than (NIDDM) compare with control group . while their was no change in serum protein , concentration of calcium in both IDDM and NIDDM as compare to control group

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Article
تأثير بعض المنتجات النباتية على تفضيل نحل العسل Apis mellifera L. للمواد الغذائية

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الخلاصة

Honeybee colonies were fed artificially on sugar solutions or flour of broad bean poeder mixed with 10% of ( Anthernis nobils plant, Corianrum stivum plant, Foeniculum ullgare plant, flowers of Citrus spp. Eugenia aryphyllus plant ) Powders. The number of workers increased to 285 workers/2 hours and 96 workers/2 hours when fennel seeds (Foeniculum ullgare ) were added to suger solution and broad bean seeds powder respetively and the large number of workers were observed during the period from (12-2)O'clock afternoon time.

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Article
تدهور وظائف الكبد الناجم عن مرض ما قبل الشنج لدى النساء الحوامل في محافظة كربلاء*

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الخلاصة

In this study,the effect of preeclampsia on liver function has been evaluated in blood serum of (82 pregnant patients) aged from(17-47) compared with (58 healthy pregnant). The groups have been divided depending on age into 3 age classes,the first class was (17-27 years old),the second one was(28-37years old),while the third class was (38-47 years old). The serum enzymes activities for the following enzyme have been estimated: (Aspartate aminotransferase,AST ; Alanine aminotransferase ALT; Alkaline phosphatase ALP;Lactate dehydrogenase LDH;Creatine kinase CK) .The results showed a significant increase(p<0.05) in the following enzymes activity(AST,ALT,ALP,LDH and CK) in the first and second age classes,while the third age class has not seen any significant increase just in AST and ALT wherever other enzymes have not showed any significant differences

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Article
التركيب المعدني واصل الحشوة الطينية في الصخور الرملية لتكويني نهر عمر والرطبة - غرب العراق

المؤلفون: احمد خضير الجميلي
الصفحات: 190-195
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الخلاصة

The clay matrix of 30 samples from Nahr Umer and Rutbah sandston were exmined by X- Ray and infrared to identify their minerals . This study showed that the clay matrix of Nahr Umer sandstone composed mainly of chlorite (Delessit or Coolceite ) with Illite and the clay matrix of Rutbah sandstone composed mainly of chlorite (Clinochlore or Al – Mgchlorite ) with little amount of Illite . Also this study showed that the genesis of clay matrix of Nahr Umer resulted from the digenesis processes of ferromag nesium minerals . In Rutbah Formation probably the clay matrix is resulted from digenesis processes of Kaolinite

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Article
دراسة مقارنة لبعض مؤشرات الدم الكيميائية بين اللاعب الضارب الساحق (المهاجم) واللاعب الليبرو في الكرة الطائرة"

المؤلفون: امجد مسلم مهدي الياسري
الصفحات: 196-203
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الخلاصة

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Article
تأثير السلوك البشري في تلوث مياه نهر الحسينية بمحافظة كربلاء

المؤلفون: خضير مهدي صالح --- محمود فهد
الصفحات: 209-216
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الخلاصة

AL-Hussiena River Considers one of the water Sources in holly Kerbala government,it is the only Source which provides City with drinking Water , by addition it is the basic Source for watering gardens Which represented by palms and fruit in two towns , AL-Hussinea and AL-Hor . In this research we will try giving an idea about the effect of people increasing and some of the negative habbits which people used to make it which represented by the remains of the healthical sanitary and industrial sanitary which lead to quality and quantity exssessive for this important water source . For the purpose of limiting the range to which this effect reached with water of AL-Hussiena river , We took two samples of water river : the first , befor it,s entering Kerbala government , the second, after it,s exiting from city.the two sample were analysized and cleared results of analysis that water of river is unsuitable for drinking and watering especially after it,s exiting from city and this , there is no doubt , Come back to existing rubbish in this water result to people increasing.

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