جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2012 المجلد: 10 العدد: 1

Article
Synthesis, Characterization and Study the Mixed Ligand Complexes of (L-alanine and Saccharin) with Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) ions
تحضير، تشخيص ودراسة المعقدات مختلطة الليكاند من (الألانين و السكرين) مع أيونات Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II)

المؤلفون: Maysoon Abd Al-Hussein Al-Soodani
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

The research includes the synthesis and identification of two mixed ligands complexes of some heavy metal ions by using the amino acid (L-alanine), as a primary ligand and (Saccharin) as secondary ligand. The general formula of the complexes is Na2[M(Ala)2(Sac)2] in which the L-alanine (C3H7NO2) is symbolized as (Ala) and Saccharin (C7H5NO3S) is symbolized as (Sac). The reaction is established by reacting the two ligands with the metal chloride by using ethanol as solvent at temperature (80C) with the molar ratio [(1:2:2) (M:L1:L2)] where: M(II)= Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II), L1= Sac, L2= Ala. L-alanine behaves as a bidentate ligand, which is coordinated through the oxygen atom of the carboxyl group (-COO-), and the nitrogen atom of the amino group (NH2), while saccharin behaves as a monodentate ligand, which is coordinated through the nitrogen atom.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
OXIDATIVE STRESS ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES SYSTEM IN FOUR WHEAT CALTIVARS UNDER ABIOTIC STRESS. II- EFFECT OF Fe,HCO3 STRESSES IN GROWTH ,YIELD AND ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES IN FOUR DURUM WHEAT CALTIVARS(Triticum durum) .*
الإجهاد المؤكسد والنظام الإنزيمي لمضادات الأكسدة في أربعة أصناف من الحنطة تحت الاجهادات غير الحيوية. II- تاثير جهدي الحديد والبيكاربونات في نمو وحاصل ونشاط انزيمات مضادات الاكسدة في اربعة اصناف من الحنطة الخشنة (Triticum durum ) * .

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الخلاصة

To study Genotype difference of Four Durum Wheat varieties under Fe ,HCO3 stress . TOW Experiments were conducted, First experiment uses Hydroponics in this experiment examination four durum wheat varieties (Sinn AL-Jamal, Sinn AL-Fil, Jandolh,Kokart),all varieties are common culture in Iraq .varieties were exposure to Fe and bicarbonate stress in three levels of bicarbonate (0 , 800 , 1600 µM/L), Experiment was setup using complete Randomized Design (CRD).experiment was contained at 21 days. Secondary was field experiment. . All four varieties were culture in calcareous soil , and Foliar application iron in two levels (0 and 30mg/L)from Fe-EDTA . , Experiment setup using split plot design ,Foliar application as main plot and varieties as subplot. Evaluation three antioxidant enzymes (SOD, POD, CAT), Root and shoot Fresh weight, length and diameter of roots active iron , organic acid (Malic, Citric , Oxalic) in Roots and total chlorophyll concentration . Results showed to superior Jandolh variety to given highest shoot and root fresh weight, chlorophyll concentration , when grown under iron stress or in iron efficient. Bicarbonate levels stress(800 and 1600 µM/L) cause increasing in antioxidant enzymes activity (SOD, POD and CAT).This results showed scavenging of ROS level ,and lessen deterioration of cells compounds ,eventual from varieties grown under Fe,HCO3 stress. Exceed increasing in organic acid concentration (Malic, Citric and Oxalic) of all varieties . Jandolh variety give highest values of this enzymes activity and organic acid concentration, and followed sinn AL-Jamal variety. Kokart variety was give lowest values in all characters. Results of field experiment showed superior durum varieties Jandolh varieties to give highest values in all growth and yield characters ,when grow under(-Fe) or in (+Fe).From this two experiments inference efficiency of Jandolh varieties to tolerance Fe and HCO3 stress compared with other varieties under study. This study suggested capability to use antioxidant enzymes activity as important criterion to separation efficiencies varieties which tolerance Fe,HCO3 a biotic stress which general stress in calcareous soils in Iraq.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
In The Bases Of The Phonetic Method For The Arabic Structure Presentation And Evaluation
في أسس المنهج الصوتي للبنية العربية، عرض وتقويم

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الخلاصة

(In The Bases Of The Phonetic Method For The Arabic Structure Presentation And Evaluation) This study aims to define the structure of the Arabic word and direct workmen to the changes happen to it because of stress or unstress or the transfer from one picture to another because of al-alal or exchanging or what happens to the verb if it is connected with pronouns, phonetically. According to the modern phonetics. It is a balance study to what the modern phonetics has reached in the structure and what it was to the Arab scientists. It is a discussion to the most important problems and their reasons that lead to the separation between the old phonetics. And the modern phonetics. All this is achieved by presenting the book of Dr. Abid el- Sabur shaheen: (The Phonetic method for the Arabic Structure, New Look In The Arabic Morphology) , and I do my best to discuss what comes in this book. The researcher puts himself in a theoretical background which form the main basis to the research. It is the results of the modern phonetic to give the research a legal of filiation to the theoretical direction helps which is known for its efficiency especially in linguistics. This theoretical direction helps to understand and at the same time gives a theoretical form to the essential concepts that I will work with.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of Liquid – Liquid Extraction of Neodymium (III) by derivative of amino acid N-Acetylcysteine(NAC).
دراسة في استخلاص سائل – سائل للنيوديميوم الثلاثي باستخدام مشتق الحامض ألأميني اسيتايل- سستائين - N

المؤلفون: . Dr. Alaa F. H. --- Muneer A. A. --- Raghad S. H.
الصفحات: 12-30
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الخلاصة

The study of liquid - liquid extraction of neodymium (III) with N-Acetyl-cysteine that refers by (NAC) had been made. The effect of different parameters on the percent of extraction and distribution rataio such as type of medium , time of equilibration , type of solvent , effect of some cations and anions, effect of redox agents , enrichment extraction , concentration of metal ; reagent, effect of batch extraction, salting out , and effect of temperature . The function of thermodynamic parameter of (ΔH , ΔG , ΔS) were calculated .The stoichiometry of the extraction was determined using two methods mole ratio and job' s methods. It was found to be (M: L) (1:3). The stability constant of complex in mole ratio method was calculated. The study of UV-visible and FT-IR spectra were studied for both the reagent and complex in organic phase. Other physical constant namely such as temperture,melting point and specific conductivity.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة وبائية لبعض التهابات الثدي لعينة من النساء والرجال في محافظة كربلاء المقدسة

المؤلفون: عبير جياد يوسف
الصفحات: 21-28
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الخلاصة

The study was carried out in AL- Hussein general hospital in kerbala government during the period 1/2/2010 till 1/12/2010 concerning case of breast cancer. Seven hundreds and ninety one sample from different communities at different ages included males and females were tested . The study revealed that 'infection percentage with females was higher than males infection giving 97.8% and 2.14% respectively. The results also revealed that infection per cent in the city was higher than in the countryside giving 94%and 5.94% respectively .while the infection percentage was higher with married females than unmarried ones giving 80.27% and 19.73% respectively. Generally; the infection percentage of breast cancer(1.89%) was low in kerbala but on the mass infection basis ,the infection per cent was 16.5% . Finally breast cancer was higher with the birth of 1960 compared with the other births.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE ROL ECONOMY OF THE PUBLIC BUDGET IN IRAQ THE PERIOD (1988-2007)
قياس وتحليل الدور الإقتصادي للموازنة العامة في العراق للمدة (1988- 2007)

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الخلاصة

The public budget is considered of the most important tools of the fiscal policy that aims at the realization of the required growth rate, increasing the national income and then increasing investments and employment, in addition to reducing unemployment under stable financial balancing and thus supporting sustained growth . It has also great economic significance for developed and developing countries alike. The importance of the study is that Iraqi public budget, as one of the tools of the fiscal policy, plays an essential role in tackling the problems facing Iraq on one hand, and the limited number of studies undertaken in designating and studying the role of government in the economy on the other hand. The problem lies whether or not the public budget has achieved its economic and social objectives and the reasons thereof ; and the criteria for evaluating and studying the public budget. The study aims at analyzing the components of the budget and evaluating its economic and social role by using a number of indicators and arrive at conclusions and suggestions that the researcher feels , would help improving the performance of public budget and correcting the economic and social path . The study assumes that public budget is a reflection of distorted economic structure, lacking economic and financial policies, ambiguity of development objectives; thus leading to its inefficiency and fail to achieve its objectives. Finally, the study reaches at a number of conclusions and suggestions

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تحضير نوعين من نترات السليلوز واطئة المحتوى النتروجيني خاصة بالاستخدامات الطبية

المؤلفون: حميد علي حسين
الصفحات: 29-38
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الخلاصة

Two samples of cellulose nitrate with low nitrogen content Pyroxylin 2 and Colloxylin for medical purposes have been prepared by using tertiary nitrating agent , consists of ( HNO3 , H2SO4 and H2O ) . Weight ratio of cellulose to the nitrating agent was (1:40), (1:50) respectively, with nitration conditions 23 ͦc and 30 min. The Prepared samples were characterized by using elemental analyzer (C.H.N), FTIR technique, and solubility in different solvents and burning of material

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Two-pass heat-exchanger performance By programmable method

المؤلفون: Saosun Abd AL-Shaheed
الصفحات: 31-40
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الخلاصة

The goal of heat exchanger design is to relate the inlet and outlet temperatures, the over all heat transfer coefficient, to the rate of heat transfer between the two fluids .The use of programming method can greatly aid in optimizing the design. In this study a programmable method [successive summation method] is developed, applied and presented here using Microsoft Visual Basic (version 6) to determine heat – transfer coefficients and the operating temperatures of a two pass heat exchanger [tube bundle permits a hot gas to pass in a-u- pattern through the exchanger with a shell side contains one – pass cooling water], has replaced the classical log-mean temperature difference , LMTD,method. As many plant heat exchanger operations are not accurately analyzed by this method, due to the correction factors associated with it, which must be obtained experimentally where complete sets of data are rare.


Article
Influence of foliar application of Nitrogen and Zinc on growth and yield of Fenugreek plant (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.)
تأثير الرش الورقي بالنتروجين والزنك في نمو وحاصل نبات الحلبة Fenugreek ((Trigonella foenum-graecum L. .

المؤلفون: أمل غانم محمود القزاز
الصفحات: 39-45
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الخلاصة

Pots experiment was conducted in the green house of Biology Department , College of Education Ibn-Al-Haitham , Univesity of Baghdad , during the growing season of (2010-2011) to study the effect of foliar application of four concentrations of Urea (Zero ,500 , 1000 , 2000) mg /L , and three concentrations of Zinc Sulphate (Zero , 25 , 50 ) mg /L and their interactions on the content of nitrogen , phosphorus , potassium , calcium and magnesium and (No.of grains/pod) , (wt.of grains/pod) of fenugreek cultivar(Indian) . The experiment design was a Completely Randomized Design(CRD) with three replications. Results indicated that, foliar application of nitrogen and zinc and their interactions gave significant effect on the growth and the yield of plants particularly, in the case of the concentration of 1000 mg /L Urea and 50 mg /L of Zinc Sulphate that gave the highest values of the previous mentioned characteristics .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
مقامات ومنازل الرسول محمد صلى الله عليه وآله في الآخرة

المؤلفون: سيد بلاسم عزيز شبيب
الصفحات: 39-52
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الخلاصة

The study includes tow concepts: The first is to know the reality of his Almighty God Messenger Mohammad (prayer and peace be upon him) and his characteristic and abilities that his Almighty God has granted him and than no one knows but His Almighty God and the experts. it is him who God had select to be His beloved carrying His message to His Worshipers to save them from the darkness of ignorance . The second concept is that of the Last Day, the suffering of death , the day of Resurrection and etc. So you His pure soul in time of death and His soul and body in the Day of Resurrection to help His nation and followers and support them to pass the Path, so He is of great position for which all prophets, believers and other people, ha asks mercy for his nation where each one asks mercy so this study shows some aspects of His status.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
hypersensitivity phenomenon in hydatid protoscolices irradiated by alpha particles.
ظاهرة فرط الحساسية في رؤيسات السائل العدري المشععة بجسيمات الفا

المؤلفون: Mohenned A. Al Se´adawy --- Hassan M. Al-Tai´i
الصفحات: 41-44
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الخلاصة

The phenomenon of hypersensitivity in hydatid protoscolices ,which isolated from infected sheep livers with hydatid cysts was studied. This protoscolices were irradiated by Polonium source (210Po) emitted alpha particles. The result showed that hypersensitivity occurs at low doses (0.04 mGy) which means the cells were high sensitive to the radiation. at (0.13 mGy) the cells show higher resistance for radiation .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Use Of Discrete Cosine Transformation(DCT) In Information HidingProcess
استخدام تحويل الجيب تمام المتقطع في عملية اخفاء المعلومات

المؤلفون: Enaam H. Abd --- Hiba J. Abdulwahed --- HussamA.Mohammed
الصفحات: 45-51
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الخلاصة

In the current internet community, secure data transfer is limited due to its attack made on data communication. So more robust methods are chosen so that they ensure secured data transfer. One of the solutions which came to the rescue is the audio hiding to ensure secure data transfer between the source and destination. The basic idea behind this research is to provide a good, efficient method for hiding the data from hackers and sent to the destination in a safer manner. Though it is well modulated software it has been limited to certain restrictions. The quality of sound depends on the size of the audio which the user selects and length of the message. Though it shows bit level deviations in the frequency chart, as a whole the change in the audio cannot be determined. Frequency Transformation is a mathematical equation that mapping the image data from the spatial domain to the frequency (spectral) domain , where all the pixels in the input domain contribute to each value in the output domain with one – to – one correspondence between the pixels. Information hiding involves transmitting secret messages through seemingly innocuous files. The goal is that not only does the message remain hidden, but also that a hidden message was even sent .Discreet cosine transformation (DCT) is used as one of frequency transformation type and use it to hide the secrete manage (Audio) inside the carrier (image) , after converting the Audio into a stream of bits . these bits will be embedded inside the image using one of information hiding algorithms and use DCT as one of frequency transformation .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة مقارنة بين طول ووزن سمكتي الخشني (Liza abu) والحمري( Barbus luteus) وبعض مكونات الغلاصم

المؤلفون: حسين علي عبداللطيف
الصفحات: 46-51
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الخلاصة

Tow hundered fish (100 fishs of each species )Liza abu and Barbus luteus were included in this study based on the length and body weight .After extraction of the gill,gills weight, length of gills arch ,length of gills filaments and their number and the number of gills rakers were determined . Results could be summarized as fellow : • There was positive correlation between fish length ,their weight, weight of gills, length of gills arch and rackers number of Liza abu and Barbus luteus was found. • Positive correlation between fishs length and number of filament of gills arch of Liza abu the length of filaments of gills arch of Barbus luteus was found. • The presence of positive correlation between fishs weight and gills weight , the length of gills arch and gills rakers of Liza abu and Barbus luteus. • Positive correlation between fishs weights and length of filament of gills arch and their number of Barbus luteus fish was found . • Positive correlation between gills weights and length of gills arch ,filaments length ,the number of filaments and rakers of Liza abu. • Positive correlation between gills weight ,the length of gills arch ,filament length and number of barbus luteus was found. • Negative correlation between gills weight ,the number of rackers of Barbus luteus fishs was found. • Linear regression of som components of gills was calculated based on length or weight of fish or gills obtained results were as fellow. 1- Length of Significant effect (p<0.05) of fishs length on fishs weight ,gills weights, the length of gills arch ,number of rakers of Liza abu and Barbus luteus fishs,filament number of gills arch of liza abu and filaments length of gill arch of Barbus luteus .fishs was found. 2- Presence of significant effect (p<0.05) of fishs weight on gill weight ,length of gills arch,the number of rakers of Liza abu and Barbus luteus fishs ,and the length and number of filaments of gill arch of Barbus luteus fishs . 3- Existence of significant influence (p<0.05) of gills weight on the length of gill arch ,number their filaments and rakers of Liza abu and Barbus luteus fishs, and he length of filamentents of gills arch of Barbus luteus fish . When ther results were statistically analyzed it was found that barbus luteus fish wase superior (p<0.05) in terms of gill weghts , length of filaments of gills arch ,their number on that of liza abu fish where as Liza abu fish was superior (p<0.05) interms of the number of the rakers of gills arch.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Differential Diagnosis of Hemoptysis in the medical out-patient clinics
التشخيص التفريقي للنفث الدموي في العيادات الطبية الخارجية

المؤلفون: Kadhim.A.Al-Hilali
الصفحات: 52-57
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الخلاصة

Background: Hemoptysis is a common and significant symptom in respiratory Medicine. The patient as well as his relatives are frequently frightened, because of the possible life-threatening etiology or consequences. Objective: To determine the prevalence of the various causes of hemoptysis. Methods: The study involved (161)patients , (94) males and (67) females , complaining of hemoptysis attending the medical out-patient clinics for 5.5 years .Evaluation of each case was done and the results were analyzed to reach the final diagnosis . Results: Male to female ratio is (94/67 = 1.4:1) . The average age is (42) years . The diagnosis was undetermined in 45 cases (28%) of the total , Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) 32 (20%) , Bronchitis (acute and chronic) 29 (18%) , Lung cancer 19 (11.8%) , Bronchiectasis 13 (8%) , Miscellaneous 13 ( 8%) and pneumonia and lung abscess 10 (6.2%). Conclusion: High prevalence of PTB in this country as a cause of hemoptysis . The prevalence of bronchitis and lung cancer comes next . All attempts should be sought to control these diseases.

الكلمات الدلالية

Hemoptysis --- medical out-patient clinics --- prevalence --- undetermined


Article
“factorial experiment of two factors with interaction between them by interference by replicates of variables using (Completely Randomized Block Design )”
تجربة عاملية برتبتين وفق التفاعل التداخلي بمكررات المشاهدات بتصميم تام التعشية

المؤلفون: سحر طارق محمود
الصفحات: 52-65
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الخلاصة

في ألواح زراعية تجريبية في كلية الزراعة – جامعة بغداد في منطقة ابي غريب أقيمت تجربة عاملية من رتبتين ( عاملين ) في دراسة تأثير نوعين من السماد (طن/هـ) يمثل العامل الأول A ، و (كغم/هـ) يمثل العامل الثاني B ، والتنبؤ بعدد النباتات الناتجة بوجود تفاعل تداخلي بينهما [عدد النباتات – الوزن (طن/هـ) – الوزن (كغم/هـ)]. تكونت معالجات التجربة )المعالجة العاملية –Factorial Treatment ) من توافيق مستويات العاملين ( مستويين للعامل الأول A وثلاثة مستويات للعامل الثاني B )، في التجربة الأولى حصل التفاعل مابين (Periods * Class )، وفي التجربة الثانية حصل التفاعل مابين (Class) والتفاعل (Periods * Class) وعدد المعالجات العاملية سيكون مساوٍ الى جميع التوافيق الممكنة بين مستويات العاملين. وقد أنجزت التجربة بثلاثة مواعيد وبأربعة مكررات وجعلها تجرى بقطاعات تنجز بنفس الأسلوب في كل قطاع واتخاذ قرار احصائي بشأن فرضيات تتعلق بالتنبؤ بعدد النباتات الناتجة عن تأثير العاملين (كغم/هـ) و (طن/هـ) والعلاقات المتبادلة بينهما. استند التحليل على مجتمع أحادي معتمد ( التحليل بالتجزئة) وأثر العوامل والتفاعلات مابينها على تحليل الانحدار وتحليل التباين بموجب النموذج الخطي العام الأحادي (GLM _Univariate Procedure) وتقدير معلماته ، ومجتمع متعدد المتغيرات معتمد بعاملين وبعدة مستويات وإجراء اختبار التفاعلات مابين تلك العوامل كما هو عليه الحال في حالة التحليل أحادي المتغيرات آنف الذكر ووفق النموذج الخطي متعدد المتغيرات المعتمدة (GLM-Multivariate ) بإحصاءة اختبار(Lawley Hotelling's trace) وباستخدام الحزمة الاحصائية statigraph . من خلال اختبار استقلالية العوامل بين معاملي ارتباط بيرسون وسبيرمان ان هناك علاقة عند مستوى دلالة 0.01 ذات دلالة احصائية و ارتباط قوي مابين المتغيرات (كغم/هـ) وعدد النباتات مقدارها(o.614,o.628)على التوالي .ون هناك تجانس الانحدار في تباين الخطأ بينهما ايضا. وفي ضوء التجربة العاملية Factor Experiment المتكونة من عاملين تجمع مستويات كل عامل مع مستويات العامل الآخر ومن خلال نتائج التحليلات باستخدام الحزم الاحصائية Statigraph. تبين في جدول تحليل التباين الأحادي " ANOVA " Univariate Analysis ان العامل كغم/هـ ، والتفاعل بين العاملين فقط لها دلالة معنوية او تأثيرات رئيسة معنوية،ومن نتائج تحليل التباين أحادي المتغير المعتمد عدم تحقق مغزى معنوياَ عند عامل التفاعل في حين في تحليل التباين متعدد المتغيرات المعتمدة Multivariate Analysis بعدم وجود اية فروق معنوية لأي من العاملين او التفاعل بينهما وتحقق المغزى المعنوي عند مستوى الدلالة المعتمدة وعند عامل التفاعل مابين العاملين وبذلك يتضح عدم تطابق نتائج التحليلين . هدف البحث: يهدف البحث الى تشخيص خطأ التجزئة في الظواهر ذات الأبعاد متعددة المتغيرات المعتمدة ( الإنموذج المتزن ) Multivariate بتحليل النموذج الخطي العام احادي المتغير المعتمد.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
"Al – Ain Sound in Arabic"
صــــوت "العيـن" في العربيــــة

المؤلفون: أصيل محمد كاظم
الصفحات: 53-67
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الخلاصة

This paper talks about what the sound is in Arabic vocabulary, and according to the grammarians. It clarifies that the speaker should work hard with his organs in order to get sounds, that is scientifically proved as felt vibrations in the air waves which launches from the sound side and vibrates out through its exported factories. Then, it talks about the old vocal Alphabet that Ain sound was specialized with and made it different from the others Arabic sounds. Then, this paper shows the scientist’s different opinions about the nature of Al-Ain sound and how it is articulated. So this sound is attributed with many characteristics: "silent", "guttural", "voiced" , "mustafil" , "weakened" between "weakening and intensifying", it is neither stressed nor unstressed, but it is called medium sounds or (liquid). It is articulated by pushing the air through the larynx to move the two vocal cords till it reaches the middle of pharynx to narrow the air flow, and according to that there is a kind of rustling when it is articulated in the middle of the pharynx.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Fuzzy Linear Transformations
التحويلات الخطية الضبابية

المؤلفون: Ali H. Battor --- Areej Tawfeeq Hameed AL–Budarub
الصفحات: 58-69
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الخلاصة

In this paper , the concept of fuzzy linear transformation have been investigated , this lead us to study and give some properties concerning with it . Moreover , we give some types of fuzzy as a fuzzy Kernel and its relationships with fuzzy linear transformation and a characterizations of fuzzy linear transformation is presented .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of spraying with different concentration of Boron and Iron on vegetative growth characters of Apricot seedling (Prunus armeniaca L.)
تأثير الرش بتراكيز مختلفة من البورون والحديد في صفات النمو الخضري لشتلات المشمش المحلي Prunus armeniaca L.

المؤلفون: سوزان محمد خضير
الصفحات: 66-72
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted in lath house at the College of Agriculture , Kerbala University during the growing season of 2011 to study the effect of different concentration of Boron and Iron on shoot system of Apricot seedling . Three replicates were used for each treatment. Boron was used at three levels 0 , 10 , 20 mg/L and three levels of Iron 0 , 10 , 20 mg/L . The seedling were sprayed at two intervals , 15/4 and 30/4/2011 , and they were also sprayed with urea (1g/L) one day before spraying dates. An experiment was conducted according to the Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D.) . and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was based on the least significant difference (P = 0.05) . All measurements were taken at the end of June . Results showed that :- 1- The concentration of 20 mg/L of Boron treatment singnificantly surpassed all other concentrations regarding most studied characters . ( height of seedling ,stem diameter , chlorophyll content in leaves , and dry weight of shoot system ) . at this concentration reached 11.67 cm / seedling , 1.89mm , 32.55 SPAD and 1.99g / seedling respectively . while, there was no significant effect of Boron on the fresh weight of shoot system . 2- Iron treatment at 20mg/L concentration significantly surpassed all other concentrations regarding all studied growth characters . Height of seedling , stem diameter , chlorophyll content in leaves , fresh and dry weights of shoot system, at this concentration reached 11.78cm/ seedling , 1.68mm , 32.78SPAD , 3.52g/ seedling and 1.82g/ seedling , respectively . 3- The interaction between Boron and Iron had no significant effects on the most characters of growth including stem diameter , chlorophyll content , fresh and dry weights of shoot system . However , the only significant effect of this interaction was on Height of seedling where its highest mean was 15.67cm/seedling at the concentration of 20mg/L of Boron and 20mg/L of Iron .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
شعر الرثاء في ديوان ابن الرومي

المؤلفون: فيصل سلمان مناحي
الصفحات: 68-81
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الخلاصة

Literary studies related to Arabic Islamic Abbasid ears varied similar to the studies to the studies of modem linguistic and literary phenomena. But the literature that preceded the fall of the Abbasid caliphate and followed the Tatars “ invasion of the Islamic world till modern age was neglected. That literature was known as the literature of the middle ages. Unobgective views marked that period as a period of deterioration and darkness in spite of the fact that the literary heritage was not fully studied. The were many remarkable poets at that period who were expert in language, literature, rhetoric, criticism, biographies, history as well as philology. Bahau l – deen Ali bin Issa al – Irbli was full of scientific research in all branches of human knowledge

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Article
synthesis of some a new azo derivative of paracetamol
تحضير وتشخيص بعض المشتقات الجديدة لدواء الباراسيتيمول

المؤلفون: Saadiyah A. Dhahir --- Rasha A. Gasam --- Israa H. Ibraheem --- Rana R. Hamza
الصفحات: 70-76
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الخلاصة

In this work new derivatives of paracetamol drug were prepared that known high medicinal effectiveness, through coupling reaction between alkali solution of paracetamol and diazonium salt of some substituted aniline compounds (4-chloro -2-nitro aniline, 4-amino aniline , 2,3-di methyl aniline ,1-amino Naphthalene, 2-amino 1,3,4- thiadiazole-5- thiol ).The identification of the prepared compounds was carried out by using UV-Visible and FTIR spectra.

الكلمات الدلالية

paracetamol --- new derivative --- Biological activity


Article
Construction of a Hard Direct Digital Signature Scheme
انشاء نظام التوقيع الرقمي المباشر الصلب

المؤلفون: Noor Dhia Kadhm Al-Shakarchy
الصفحات: 77-84
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الخلاصة

Abstract The rapid development of internet e-commerce is a new model of business activities; and the spread of electronic government in every organization all that needs to look for signing the documents and reports then verification of this signature in the other side. Digital signature authentication scheme provides secure Communication and reduce transmission costs, because the message is contained in the signature itself and no separate message and signature need be sent again. This research develops a digital signature scheme to introduce a hard digital signature (double secure signature). This duplicate comes first from applying RSA hashing text, and the second from applying hard knapsack to message recovery elliptic curve cryptography ECC. The combination provides secret signature against current attacking mechanisms using public key algorithms and in the other side, the sender can send the signing message directly to receiver without Arbitrated Digital Signature.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
زياد بن أبيه (ت 53هـ) دراسة تاريخية

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الخلاصة

A ruler position is considered one of the important positions in the Islam Arab history Khalifas appointed ruler for some countries giving them great authorities so that they depended upon them so much .as a result of that dependence many figure appeared then influenced the course of the historical events .one of thos figures was Zaid Bin Abehh ,a ruler of Iraq the great a ssistant of Muawia, who did his best to pass the policy of Muawia Bin Abi Sufian .This research studied the lif of Zaid Bin Abehh in details refering to the declaration of Muawia that Zaid was belonged to his father Abi Sufian and the effects of that relation when the muslems denied that matter This research also mentioned the positions caught by Ziad in Al –amawi and Al-rashidi ages ,administrative and military deeds.we explained the most important effects that we got through this research in the conclusion

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Article
On the θ-g- Continuity* in topological spaces.

المؤلفون: Mohammed Yahya Abid
الصفحات: 85-90
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we study certain types of continuous functions in topological spaces, where we defined it by using θ-g- neighbourhood .and some properties of these concepts are proved.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Histological Study of Proximal Segment For Vas Deferens in the indogenous Mature goats
دراسة نسجية للقطعة الدانية لقناة أسهـر الماعز المحلي البالغ

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الخلاصة

The present study was carried out on thrity of mature male goats (three years )old . vas deferenses , involved the proximal segment . the present study was revealed that the proximal segment of vas deferens composed of three histological layers , mucosa lined by stratified columnar epithelium ,from the mucosal layer , many folds which extended .the second layer was muscular layer , consist of smooth muscle fibers bundle , arranged in three layer , the layer toward internal was poorly development , and composed of thin smooth muscle fibers bundles and arranged in circular pattern , the middle layer was good development , and consist of smooth muscle fibers arrangement in circular direction , and external muscular layer . consist of smooth muscle fibers , longitudinal in the arrangement . adjacent to adventitia .so the third histological layer of goat vas deferens was represented by adventitia that consist of collagenous and elastic fibers bundles , there is among them middle diameter arteries and veins , the present study was revealed the indogenous goats vas deferens had thik muscular wall , and characterized by narrow lumen , from mucosa , many folds were projected ,with submucosa absent in this proximal segment of mature indogenous goats

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of polymeric metel complexes with thiol groups of thiadiazole ring
تحضير وتشخيص بوليمرات تناسقية مع مجموعة الثايول لحلقة الثايادايازول

المؤلفون: Ahmed S. Hamad --- Iman A. Yass
الصفحات: 91-103
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الخلاصة

This paper describes the prepration of bis thiadiazole-2-thiol derivatives by conversion hydrazide derivatives of carboxylic acid to xanthate salt through its reaction with carbon disulfide. The bis thiadiazole derivatives were obtained through ring closur of xanthat salt by adding sulfuric acid as catalyst. Bis Thiadiazole-2-thiol derivatives have been used as ligands to prepare polymeric coordinated complexes by direct reaction between ligand and divalent ion(Co2+ , Ni2+ , Cu2+ , Zn2+ , Cd2+) in a basic aqueos solution. On the basis of IR , UV analytical studies and literature data the probable structures have been proposed , it has been found that the divalent metal ions coordinate with polydentate ligand BTH-H1-3 forming octahedral polymeric complexes.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The relationship between Follicular diameter and Oocyte diameter and Maturation on Awassi ewes
العلاقة مابين قطر الجريبة وقطر ونضج البويضة لدى النعاج العواسي

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at department of animal technical production , AL-Musaib Technical college from 1st September 2008 to 1st September 2009 to investigate a relation between follicular dimeter with maturation and dimeter of oocyte . A total of 150 pairs of ovaries were collected from adult ewes from slaughter house of AL- Musaib city/Babil province and ovaries were transported to the Laboratory with in 1–2 hours . The number of follicular ovaries reached to (1205 ) follicle . Follicles were classified in to 6 groups according to the follicle dimeter (1-2,> 2-3, >3-4, >4-5, >5-6, and>6-8) and Follicular fluid was aspirated from follicles . The results showed presence of highest percentage of mature oocgtes when the follicular diameter was between 2 – 3 mm and oocyte diameter ranged from 115 – 120 microns . The oocyte diameter increased significantly (p> 0.01) with the increased thickness of Zona pellucida and number of follicles . The correlation coefficient between follicle diameter and oocyte diameter was positive and it was highly significant (p>0.01) , while the coefficient was negative and it was highly significant (p>0.01) between follicle diameter and its maturation. Showed presence a significant difference (p>0.01)on follicular activity among seasons which increase follicular activity and number of follicles at spring and Autumn while decrease number of follicles during winter and summer .


Article
Total elemental analysis of soils under different vegetation cover north of Iraq
التحليل العنصري الكامل لترب غابات شمال العراق تحت أنواع مختلفة من الأشجار

المؤلفون: هاشم حنين كريم --- قيس حسين عباس
الصفحات: 98-108
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of forest tree types on total elemental analysis on some selected forest soils located in northern Iraq. Ten forest soil sites were chosen(oak , green grain , pine , almond and wild pears ). Some of physical and chemical properties were determined , total elemental analysis was determinate which used to calculate four molecular ratios of elements in mineral lattice include which showed variation within ( ، ، ، ) horizons of some pedons especially in the forest soils also this trend vary in the different forest tree types inside and between forest soils and control soils in other side . The molecular ratio ranged from ( 1.85-8.31 ) , the lowest value in the first horizon for control pedon in sarsank , while the highest value in the first horizon of green grain forest . For ratio ranged from 1.98-8.61 the lowest value was found in the first horizon of almond pedon and the highest value registered in the second horizon for pine forest . In general,the lowest values of these ratios were found within surface horizons as compared with subsurface horizons for studied soils . The ratio ranged between (1.29-5.33) and the lowest value was noticed in the first horizon of almond forest while the highest value was found in the second horizon for sarsank forest also this ratio distinguished by increasing with depth . The result of ranged from (0.07-0.64) the lowest value was in the first horizon of wild pears forest in mergasur and the highest value was registered in the last horizon of wild pears forest and this ratio decreased within surface horizon or followed which consider the major zone of microbial activity.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Investigation of the neutron rich zirconium(A=92,94) nuclei with the interacting boson model
بحث نوى الزركونيومA=92-94) ) الغنية بالنيترونات بنموذج البوزونات المتفاعلة

المؤلفون: Shetha Farhan AboAlhose
الصفحات: 104-109
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الخلاصة

The low lying levels structure and electric quadrupole transitions of 92,94Zr nuclei have been studied by using the Interacting Boson Model-1 (IBM-1). The calculated results are in good agreement with recent experimental data. The results obtained and the values of parameters used in this calculations indicated that Zr isotopes have a vibrational properties.and determined energy level for tow nuclei Zirconium(94,92) by values (2.574MeV,2.580MeV) which did not specified earlier.

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Article
The effect of culturing media and spraying of Licorice root extract on growth and flowering characteristics and seed production of Calendula officinalis L.
تأثير الوسط الزراعي والرش بمُستخلص جذور السوس في صفات النمو والإزهار وإنتاج البذور لنبات الأقحوانCalendula Officinalis L.

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted at a nursery belonging to Holy Najaf province during the period of 2009.The aim was to study the effect of three types of different medium and spraying of three concentrations of Licorice root extract on the vegetative growth and flowering of marigold plants.Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) in three replicates was adopted .Least Significant Differences(L.S.D) of 0.05 probability level to compare the means. The resulted showed that culturing media had significant effect of the vegetative growth and flowering , the treatment (1max:2petmos) highest increase in number of branches , leaves , the leaf contents of total chlorophyll and number of flowers reaching (5 branch. plant-1 , 31.66 leaves. plant-1 , 15.18 mg. 100g-1 fresh weight , 38.88 flower. plant-1 ) respectively, also was sprinkle of extract of Licorice roots had a significant effect on the sprinkled plants with concentration 2gm.L-1 ) giving the highest increase in number of branches , leaves , the leaf contents of total chlorophyll , number of root branches , the dry weight of roots , number of flowers and weight of 100 seeds reaching (5.77 branch. plant-1 , 34.33 leaves. plant-1 , 14.64 mg. 100g-1 fresh weight , 17.11 branches of root. plant-1 , 5.61 gm , 43 flowers. plant-1 , 6 gm. 100 seeds-1) respectively, The interactions between agricultural medium and sprying of extract of Licorice roots gave significant differences in these characteristics

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of chopped cane sugar fibers on some Mechanical Properties of Phenol-Formaldehyde and Urea-Formaldehyde Composites
تأثيرألياف قصب السكر المقطعة على بعض الخصائص الميكانيكية لمتراكبات الفينول- فورمالديهايد و اليوريا- فورمالديهايد

المؤلفون: Mohammad Nadhum B. AL-Baiati
الصفحات: 110-117
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الخلاصة

This research was carried out by reinforcing the matrix (phenol-formaldehyde and urea-formaldehyde) resins respectively, with natural material (cane sugar fibers) . Each specimen was reinforced with different weight percentage, (5% , 10% , 15% , 20% and 25 % ) of chopped cane sugar fiber . After preparation of composite material, some of the mechanical properties, flexural, tensile and impact tests were studied of prepared specimen. The results obtained from these tests indicated that, 25% from chopped Cane sugar reinforcing with urea-formaldehyde composite has the higher values of mechanical properties, compared with 5% from same composite, and 25% from chopped Cane sugar reinforcing with phenol-formaldehyde composite has the higher values of mechanical properties, compared with 5% from same composite.


Article
مستويات القصيدة العربية في شعر المتلمس

المؤلفون: فاروق محمود الحبوبي
الصفحات: 112-126
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الخلاصة

The research tried to suggest a new criticism for many poetic texts concerning the poet 'Al- Mutalamis' who had rebelled against pessimistic poetry. He studied the conversation in double stylistic structure with cohesive vocabulary according to two layers: rhythmic and rhetoric tackling the contents of the imagination of the text. This research is a new translation for that developed prominent poet. Therefore, it is a new study that had never been tackled by other researchers

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Article
تقييم خطورة شاشات الكمبيوتر على العين البشرية بالنسبة لمستخدميها

المؤلفون: صبا عبد الزهرة عبيد القريشي
الصفحات: 115-123
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الخلاصة

This research study addressed the impact on users of the computer screen and to study doses absorbed by the viewer. Examined three factors which influence the size of the screen, the distance between the viewer and the screen, both for adults and children. The results proved that the radiation from the computer screen, follow the inverse square law, and this is consistent with the facts theory that radiation emitted from the computer screen is the X-rays. Dose received was calculated by the viewer of the screen according to the method of calculation applied to the innovative and computer screens larger than 14 inches. Emerged from this study that the dose received from the viewer increases with the size of the computer screen. It also appeared that less the distance increased the dose received, especially "when the distance is less than 1.5 meters. It also emerged during this study that the dose received by the child less than a danger, but the more influential that" the fact the child in the case of growth. Conclusion drawn from this study that the rays of the computer screen that was harmful in low doses, especially the "on children.

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Article
Adaptive method for image steganography using genetic algorithm

المؤلفون: أنوار جعفر موسى
الصفحات: 118-123
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الخلاصة

Steganography is the art of hiding information in ways that prevent the detection of hidden messages, That a process involves hiding a message in an appropriate carrier e.g., an image, an audio or video file. This research aims to hide a color image in another color image with the same size , depends on substituting the similar blocks of embedding image within the cover blocks by using genetic algorithm for select best match block .This method is robust against the changes and treatments done for the cover image . additional it fast and the stego-images have less distortions. And so , more secure because the positions is send independent from stego- image.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Degenerate Four Wave Mixing in Photonic Crystal Fibers

المؤلفون: Rasha Ali Hussein
الصفحات: 124-133
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الخلاصة

In this study, Four Wave Mixing (FWM) characteristics in photonic crystal fibers are investigated. The effect of channel spacing, phase mismatching, and fiber length on FWM efficiency have been studied. The variation of idler frequency which obtained by this technique with pumping and signal wavelengths has been discussed. The effect of fiber dispersion has been taken into account; we obtain that the influence of FWM can be reduced by irregular channel spacing. We use three wavelengths in the calculations (580, 780, and 1040nm) which are the zero dispersion wavelengths, all the results reported in this work are simulated using MATLAB 7.

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Article
The effect of magnetic field in (germination characteristics for each wheat(Triticum aestivum) and broad bean (Vicia faba)
اثر المغنطة في بعض صفات الانبات لحبوب الحنطة (Triticum aestivum) وبذورالباقلاء(Vicia faba)

المؤلفون: شيماء حاتم --- منعم فاضل
الصفحات: 124-127
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الخلاصة

Laboratory experiment ( germination in pettrydish ) by using C.R.D. design was conducted. The experiment consisted of the study of the magnetic force effect on some germination characteristics of wheat and broad bean seeds by the treatment (magnetic seeds and unmagnetic seeds ) by passing them through magnetic field ( 3500 gaus ) with five replications & comparison between the effect of magnetic field on monocots seeds for wheat &dicotyledons seeds of broad bean using ten seeds in each treatment , the experiments lasted for 12 days . Results indicated that the magnetic had significant effect on germination characteristic (germination period, germination %, and germination rate) for each wheat and broad bean seeds .The treatment had a great effect on the monocots seeds compared with the dicots seeds.

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Article
السخرية السياسية في الشعر العراقي الحديث من نهاية الحرب العالمية الثانية حتى عام 1980م (دراسة نقدية)

المؤلفون: احمد صبيح محيسن الكعبي
الصفحات: 127-137
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الخلاصة

CYNICISM is significant because it represents a psychological and artistic sustenance that constitutes an impetus for the receiver to laugh due to the word play with the intention of teasing others. It also hides, in addition to that, an assessable and reformative role working on revealing the disorder that prevails in a society. Writing with a poetic purpose like CYNICISM for example is an interesting aspect whose pleasure lies in searching the funny and cynical result tackling man and society together in a particular period where social and political restraints did not exist. Applying this to the modern Iraqi poetry, the cynical mode emerged to an extent that it formed an artistic phenomenon worthy of study and analysis. Psychological aspects are probed and analyzed within the psyche of the poet.

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Article
Effect of Insect Growth Regulation by Spraing & Injection Treatment Methods on Larvae of Dubus Bug Ommatissus lybicus DeBerg ( Homoptera : Trupiduchidae)
تاثيـر منظمات النمـــــــوالحشـرية فـي حوريات حشــــــرة دوباس النخيـل lybicus DeBerg Ommatissus ( Homoptera : Trupiduchidae ( بطريقتي الرش الارضي والحقن في الجذوع

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الخلاصة

Aseries of field experiments were conducted in different date palm fields ⁄ Babylon province to evaluted the effects of growth regulators ( Applaud , Trigard and Dimilin ) in the mortality of spring nymph stages of dubas bug insect O. lybicus DeBerg by two treatment methods ( spraying methode with 1.0 , 0.5 and 0.6 g/ L. cocentration and injectionn methode with 200 g/ L. con. for each regulator ) also low concentration ( 0.2 and 0.5 g/ L. ) of these regulators were uesed to study their efficiency on the longivity and fertility of the females . the results showed : The different concentration of of growth regulators ( Applaud , Trigard and Dimilin) were very effected in the mortality of early nymph stages of O. lybicus insect.By spraying treatment the number of nymph stages reduced from 11.6 , 25.0 and 15.4 nymph / leaf befor treatment to 1.8 ,1.6 and 1.0 nymph / leaf after treatment respectivily . Trigard growth regulator more effective than other in both spraying and injection methodes , but unsignificantly . high mortality rates of 92.8% when trating with Dimilin by spraying methode , while the lowest mortality reached 39 .9 % when injection same regulater in to trunk of the tree.The number of ggs by each female were reduced to one egg per each female and reducing age of both male and female especially with 0.5 g / l. con. when treating with Applaud regulator .

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Article
Investigation of optical properties of irradiated and unirradiated poly (vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate)

المؤلفون: Hamid H. Mohammed --- , Zainab N.Majeed --- Zuhair K.Abbas
الصفحات: 134-141
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الخلاصة

This work describes the studies of the optical properties of poly (vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate) film (25 μm Thick.) before and after irradiation, where we found that the irradiation has major effect on the optical properties. The optical properties studied by using ultraviolet - visible spectra in the wave length range (300-900) nm .

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Article
Assessment of Some Bacteriological and Ecological Characteristics in ( Bany-Hassan) river and one of its branches /Karbala-Iraq
تقييم بعض المؤشرات البيئية والبكتيرية في نهر (بني حسن) واحد فروعه/ كربلاء-العراق

المؤلفون: طالب هاشم مطلوب
الصفحات: 136-151
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الخلاصة

Three stations has been selected, tow of them are located in Bany-Hassan river in Karbala city ,the rest located in one of its branches : (Abo Sefen), to study some physical, chemical and bacteriological characters Monthly for a full year starting from January 2007 until December 2007. The results showed that water temperature which was between (10-34)C affected by surrounding air temperature. The water of area study was moderately alkaline with pH ranging between (7.3-8.3). Turbidity and the electrical conductivity of Abo Sefen stream water was higher than that of Bany-Hassan river, salinity values were recorded between (0.795-0.855)‰ and (0.736-0.790)‰ Respectively. The total hardness ranged between (210-820) mg CaCO3/L, which was classified as very hard water. It was showed that cations and anions in Abo Sefen sream were founded in higher concentrations . in this study It was found that SO4-2(422-200) mg/L was dominate among Cl-1 (104-172) mg/L and Ca+2(126-160) mg/L values which was more than Mg+2 (10.2-27) mg/L. Dissolved oxygen value ranged between (4.29-9.8) mg/L, while no case of over saturation with oxygen was recorded in this study. Unlike the River Bany Hassan the water in the Abo Sefen stream considered as a bad source of raw water according to BOD standards. The nutrients showed clear fluctuation in their concentrations. Nitrate values were (120-940) μg/L and nitrite values were (0.5-91) μg/L, while reactive phosphate values were (15-45.6) μg/L. The water in this study was not matching to the Iraqi and the international standards for drinking water and some other indicators according to the levels of the total number of bacteria and coliform bacteria and fecal coliform bacteria, recorded between (55-2438) cell /ml and (42-1522) cell/100ml and (25-788) cell/100ml respectively for all mentioned bacterial groups .

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Article
منظمة الجيش الأخضر ودوره في حركة التحرر الوطني التركية 1919-1923

المؤلفون: جاسم محمد شطب
الصفحات: 138-146
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الخلاصة

The research is round about one of more important phenomenon's whichNational Turkish LiberationMovement encompassed which was reflectionEastern Ideal in this movement, particularly Green Army organization which appeared in unauthorized period of subsequent Ottoman State defeat in autumn of 1918. Whereas theNational Turkish Liberation Movement was hybrid movement included more and various directions as Green Army Organization which was more hybridianthan the National Turkish Liberation Movement ,it is unprompted national honest movement,it was reflectionof that directions which extend between right extremity to left extremity crossing in the middle directions, which all its essential aims get liberating Turkey from foreign invention .This organization became one of more important of agents leaders of National Movement to securing communication with Soviet leaders, and it became one of agents of Soviet leaders to spread communist principles among Turkish society , which wassuffering class and political and social partition beside the violent Greek offensive ,which was the Greek wage it on Turkey by strong British support. lately Mustafa Kamal(Ataturk)the leader of National Movement compelled of Green Army Organization activity after he exhausted from it all his aims ,particularly when some of its leaders becamecreate essential threatening for his leadership,therefore recommend to one of more faithful of his subordinates to pursuit its leaders and disperse them and forced who stay in Turkeyto submission his resignation from his position and association with Official Communist Party(Green Apple) instead of Green Army Organizationwhich became association to it a crime punish the low for it , Just as the fighter have forced to association in systematic army,and the Soviet preferred their relations with Ankara Government without great attention for some of leaders of this organization, particularly CherkesAtham who escaped out Turkey and remained in his place of exile until his death in 194

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Article
Investigation of Some Even -Even Nuclei with Mass Numbers (A=98,100) by Interacting Boson Model

المؤلفون: A.R.H Subber --- Mohammed A. Al Sharefi --- Ahmed M. Shuaib
الصفحات: 142-148
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الخلاصة

In this work, some nuclei with mass numbers (A=98,100) have been investigated by using the both (IBM-1 and IBM-2) versions of interacting boson model (IBM). In calculations, the theoretical energy levels have been obtained by using PHINT and NP-BOS program codes. The presented results are compared with the experimental data in respective tables and figures. At the end, it was seen that the obtained theoretical results are in good agreement with the experimental data. Also the mixing ratios are calculated .

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Article
Administrative Corruption In the Perspective of learning Theories
الفساد الإداري في ضوء نظريات ألتعلم

المؤلفون: محمد كاظم ألعبادي --- كريم عبيس الخفاجي
الصفحات: 147-166
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الخلاصة

Administrative and financial corruption of the phenomena that destroy communities through Deviant behavior and corrupting effects, so the current study focused on several targets are as follows :- 1- Verify the extent of the phenomenon of administrative and financial corruption in Iraqi ministries . 2- Identify the most prominent learning theories that explain learning behavior spoiler 3- Clarify the role of education in the fight against corruption And so that accomplish the objectives of the current study, the researchers adopted a descriptive approach in the context of the application for this search. Research community is composed of four Iraqi ministries in the province of Babylon for the year 2009:- the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Electricity, Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs . The tools of study to prepare a questionnaire for the detection of the phenomenon of financial and administrative corruption, which is composed of 25 paragraph has been verified its reliability . The present study dealt with in the framework of a theoretical range of learning theories that explain how to gain corrupt behavior, as well as reference to measures to ensure the reduction of this phenomenon is educationally . The researchers used appropriate statistical tools to address the results statistically, then researchers concluded a number of results that showed the existence of this phenomenon in the reverent ministries and at different rates ,then researchers concluded conclusions and recommendations and proposals .

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Article
Study the Factors Affecting Cadmium Ions Extraction from Aqueous Two-Phase System Using Potassium Iodide
دراسة العوامل المؤثرة على أستخلاص أيونات الكادميوم من أنظمة المحاليل المائية ثنائية الطور(بولي أثيلين كلايكول-كبريتات الصوديوم) بأستخدام يوديد البوتاسيوم كعامل أذابة

المؤلفون: Yousra Saber Kareem
الصفحات: 149-154
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الخلاصة

The extraction of Cd (II) was studied in an aqueous PEG-Na2SO 4 two phase system, formed from a water soluble polymer (poly ethylene glycol) and inorganic salt (Na2SO4), in the presence of iodide ions (potassium iodide) as extractant . For the system consisting of mixture of 50 wt% PEG and 15 wt% Na2SO4 aqueous solution , % Cd removed was determined as a function of Initial concentrations of Cd (II) , Concentration of (KI) solvent , Phase ratio (PEG /Na2SO4) , and Molecular weight of the (PEG) polymer . The experimental results measured by atomic absorption spectrometer model (PERKIN – ELMER 5000) and it shows that for a given aqueous two-phase system, the extraction behavior of Cd (II) is increased with increasing of the four variables above. The optimum results for the extraction of Cd (II) determined for mixtures consisting of (0.5ml) of Initial Concentration of Cd(II), (0.28ml) of KI, phase ratio (PEG/Na2SO4) equal to 4 for the molecular weight of PEG (3000, 8000, 20000) g/g mole which reach's to (94, 95, and 97 %) respectively.

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Article
Effect of overlap between the sodium chloride andproline acid in bearing tomato plant (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.) Some of the nutrients using hydroponic system *
تأثير التداخل بين كلوريد الصوديوم وحامض البرولين في تحمل نبات الطماطم(LycopersiconesculentumMill.)من بعض المغذياتبأستخدام تقنية الزراعة المائية *

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الخلاصة

The experiment was Carried out using hydroponic unit mside the glass house belonging to the Department Biology, Faculty of Education (Ibn al-Haytham) / University of Baghdad during, the growing season 2010-2011 in order to study the effect of concentrations of sodium chloride and proline and their interaction on the content of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium , calcium and magnesium of shoot of two cultivars of tomatoes (Hymar F1, Olga F1).The concentrations of sodium chloride used was 0.100 and 150mM/L and prolineconcentrations was 0, 15 and 30 mg/ liter. A factorial experiment within completely randominzed design (CRD) was used with three replicacates. Means were compared using LSD test at 0.05 probability level. The letel experiment units were (3x3x3x2) when equals to 54. Plants were grown in or plastic container hydroponically (static hydroponics). Hutrientsolution were changed 48 hours intervals. The pH of the nutrient solutions was adjusted, aerates wae used by using compressor. Plants were sapled at 32 and 54 days from transplanting to the hydroponic system, which up rested H1-D32 and H2-D53. Results revealed the superiority of Olga F1 cultivar on the Hymar cultivar of all studied dements

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Article
Application of fixed effect regression method in some examples

المؤلفون: علي لطيف عارف
الصفحات: 155-163
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الخلاصة

عدة مجاميع من البيانات تكتب بشكل مشاهدات متكررة في عينة من المواضيع ( موضوع واحد لكل صف ) ولتسهيل عملية تحليل البيانات يصار إلى إعادة تركيب هذه البيانات وبعدة طرق منها (طريقة الخلط ) . استخدمت طريقة (انحدار التأثيرات الثابت ) ولحالتين يكون فيها تكرار المشاهدات مرة ثنائي وأخرى ثلاثي ولهذه الطريقة القدرة في السيطرة على استقرار مميزات الأفراد المقاسة أو غير المقاسة والتي غالبا ماتكون ضمن أصناف مثل العمر أو الجنس أو الزمن -- الخ . كما إن هناك طريقة بديلة تعطي نفس النتائج تدعى طريقة الانحراف المتوسط تم تطبيقها على نفس المثال . كما تناول البحث استخدام الأنموذج اللوجستي لميزة المتغير المعتمد الثنائي وكان التطبيق لبيانات موسمية لسنتين متتاليتين ليصبح المتغير المعتمد يمثل مشاهدتين لكل مفردة .تم تحليل البيانات باستخدام البرنامج الإحصائي الجاهز SAS 9.1) )

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Article
The Contamination of Wards and Operating Rooms of Al-Hussein General Hospital in Karbala City by Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ( MRSA )
التحري عن تلوث ردهــات و صالات عمليات مستشفى الحسين العام في مدينـة كربلاء ببكتريا المكورات العنقودية الذهبية المقاومة للمثسلين ( MRSA )

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الخلاصة

Methicillin – resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most bacteria that cause hospital – acquired infections. The source should be determined to control it and prevent spread. The study included 14 isolates being isolated from 197 samples taken from wards and operating rooms of Al-Hussein General hospital in Karbala city from different sites ( beds ,floor , tables , walls , equipments and surgical tools ) from January to May ,2009. The isolates were diagnosed according to cultural, microscopic characteristics and biochemical tests, the diagnosis has been verified by using Api-Staph system. The results showed that the beds and floor of hospital`s wards and operating beds of operating rooms were the most contaminated sites of MRSA. The highest of MRSA prevalence among hospital`s wards was in internal medicine ward 26.08% while the lowest was in urology ward 11.11% , otolaryngology ward 9.52%, surgical ward 8.69% and emergency ward 7.14% . The burn units and orthopaedic ward were not contaminated. The highest of MRSA prevalence among hospital`s operating rooms was in burn and orthopaedic operating room. The results of antibiotics sensitivity test showed that the highest percentage of antibiotic resistance of all MRSA isolates was to Lomefloxacin 57.14% and Kanamycin 50% while the lowest percentage was to Imipenem 7.14%.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Derivation and analyzation of steady state error (s.s.e) performance of rejected disturbances in the variable structure of control (VSC) systems
اشتقاق وتحليل نسبة حالة الخطأ المستقرة لأداء الاضطرابات المرفوضة للمنظومات ذات التركيبة المتغيرة

المؤلفون: Mohanned Hassan Ali
الصفحات: 164-176
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الخلاصة

This research presents an analytical study in the variable structure of control (VSC), where many equations had been derived in the (VSC) and designed to meet the recorrects for the fast response, low overshoot and small (S.S.E) for the 2nd order control system. Through using (VSC) efficiency feature, it is found that, it is possible to obtain high quality control which canʼt be obtained through using conventional control. It is noticed that, these controllers are easy and also, the switching cctʼs is simply implemented, and the system works even if the first structure is unstable, however it is necessary to have stable over damped structure. The most switching function algorithms which proposed here for (VSC) systems in different application fields (lift), claim a 2nd order and high order of robustness with respect to parameters variation and external disturbances. The analysis presented here in treating the question of changing the structure when a deterministic disturbance acts anywhere in the control system using Matlab programs. An adaptive model reference algorithm is established to make the control system respond satisfactory or not there is a disturbance.

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Article
وصف المرض والموت لبلاد الترك والصقالبة البلغار والروس والخزر في رسالة ابن فضلان :

المؤلفون: . زمان عبيد وناس
الصفحات: 167-181
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الخلاصة

Since the beginning of the fourth century of migration began authoring the Arabs in the news tracks and kingdoms, until he became an art autonomous in the post, which showed the geography books and Albuldaniet and Territories describe countries and its positions and its tracts and Mmalkha and rivers and mountains of the Maghreb and Andalusia in the west to India and China in the east, and spaces the Caucasus, and Turks and Europe, north and deserts of the country Avrivia south, he wrote Yacoubi (d. 284 AH) and Ibn Khrdazbh (d. 300 AH) and Al-Hamdani (d. 334 AH) and Qudaamah ibn Ja'far (d. 337 AH) and Ibn al-Faqih Al-Hamdani (d. 340 AH) and Massoudi (346 AH) and others, Vdonowa News people and their conditions and its outlying areas and pathways of their countries, bringing them accuracy while the record what he saw. Some trips have included a wide field and reached the limits of the country's Russian and Caspian, but on the whole been outlined and described in the conditions of peoples and beliefs, and limited to said methods and Daatha and traders bring them. Came Ibn Fadlan to occupy the first place, including the words of Orientalist Russian Kraczkowski, it offers us a vivid picture of the political situation in the Islamic world and the relations between Islamic countries and the country adjacent to it in Central Asia or remote areas, which accounted for the parties to the civilized world at that time, such as swimming Alvolka, We are packing his textured ethnographic very valuable and varied in a unique, affecting a number of Turkish tribes Bedouin inhabiting the territory of Central Asia, and a number of peoples in which she played a key role in the history of Eastern Europe at the time, such as Alsqalbh Bulgarians, Russians and the Khazars, not to mention the country, Scandinavian, Fajs Ibn Fadlan in his information rare for these people the mysterious and very remote, then it is a close real is not about Balblgar alone but in relation to each of reminded them of the message, Akhawarzmeyen and Ghaz and tribes Abajnak and Albachgrd Turkish, as well as the Russians and the Khazars, although the reason for the trip is concentrated in the hospitality to the country Alsqalbh Bulgarians . As Baghdad is the capital of the world and the focus of attention of the people, despite the deteriorating political situations in the fourth century of migration / tenth birthday, but it maintained the prestige of major in the outside world, as well as its dignity spiritual within the Dar al-Islam, has sent the king Alsqalbh Bulgarians to Baghdad students of the Abbasid Caliph al-Muqtadir God (295 320 e) aid against the king of the Khazars, who was pushing them from the south, and to implement them by Evqham in religion and known to the rituals of Islam espoused recently and build them a mosque and a fortress holed the King of the wrongdoing of the kings of the Khazars, as well as that send him drugs he wrote King Alsqalbh request. This is a clear signal indicative of the superiority of Arab culture and richness to those of Europe at that time, and this is why we have to really study the heritage of those nations to treat the disease and methods of processing the dead, and burial with a message Ibn Fadlan, We wanted through research that show the difference between Dar al-Islam and the country European ways of treating patients and the effects of orthodox Islam in the processing of the Dead and buried

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of defferent Aphids density on dvelopment of larvae and morphological charactres of adults of two Coccinellid species
تأثير كثافات منْ مختلفة في تطور يرقات نوعان من الدعاسيق وبعض صفات البالغات

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الخلاصة

The effect of defferent number of aphids ( 0,2,4,8,16,32 and 64 ) daily supplied to 1st larvae instar of C. septempunctata L. and C. undempunctata L. were studies during spring season 2008 , the results showed : The average life – sparn of each larval instar was reduced signaficantly as the number of daily supplied aphid increased . The size of emerged adult ladybird beetles resulted from feding on different aphid densities were signaficantly different .The number of eggs from each femal resulted from feding on differen aphid densities were increased when 1st larval fed on 64 nymph .There was a relationhip between the averge of coccinellidadult length and weight with densities of aphid supplied daily to 1st larvl instar . The average life –sparn of each adult stage was increased signaficantly as the numbe of aphid supplied daily increased .preoviposition period was reduced signaficantly as the number of aphid supplied daily increased

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of electromagnatic current on Mitotic Index for cell of apical marestiems for roots of Cucumis sativus L.
تأثير المجال الكهرومغناطيسي في دليل الأنقسام الخلوي لخلايا أطراف قمم الجذور لنبات الخيارCucumis sativus L.

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الخلاصة

The experiment was conducted at physiology laboratory of the higher studies in the department of Biology at Ibn Al.Haitham – College of Education-Baghdad University on the 15th 82010. The experiment was designed as Completely Randomised Design(CRD) The seeds of 3 species of American cucumber,they were:-1- Lot Number (EM285),2- Hyrid Super Green F1,and 3-ToCAEEN F1 were exposured for 2 types of physical effects, they were : 1- 4 frequencies of electric current (0,1,2, 2.5)Am for 5 min. for each freq.( 2-4) exposure periods to UV (0,30,60,90) sec.in (254)nm of frequency.The cucumber seeds were planted in pettry dish that contains a layer of wet cotton 10 seeds for each exposure,and after 7 days the apical roots , had kept in Carnoys fluid.Then they were put in tubes contains 3 ml. of HCL(1N) then in a water bath.After that, it dyed with Folgen stain then some of the cytological characteristics had been studied :- divided cells, Mitotic Index.Results showed that, the species(3) had a significant increase in the studied chara- cteristics compared with 1and 2 species,under the frequency 2.5Am and the exposure per- iod forUV 90 at all interaction

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Study of the effect of some medical plant extracts on snail Lymnaea auricularia
دراسة تأثير بعض مستخلصات النباتات الطبية على قوقع اللامنيا اريكيولارس

المؤلفون: Firas A. Khdier
الصفحات: 177-180
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الخلاصة

The aim of study to evaluate molluscicidal activity of some medicinal plant extracts(Achillea millefolium L., Artemisia vulgaris L., Salvia officinalis L.)against Lymnaea auricularia snails . the toxicity of different conditions after 24hrs,48hrs for mulluscs was time and dose dependent. The 24hrs Lc50=12mg/L of the ethanolic extract of Salvia officinalis L.were higher in comparison to Achillea millefolium L. Lc50=30mg/L and Artemisia vulgaris L. Lc50=20mg/L In chlorinated water extract, tap water extract and distilled water extract of A.vulgaris L. shown highest activity in comparison to S.officinalis L. and A.millefolium L.According to these results it may conclude that, the ethanolic extract of Salvia officinalis L. may be used for the snail control.

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Article
Studying of qualitative Properties of garlic ,sunflower and olive oils and effect of the preservation at refrigeration on their chemical properties
دراسة الصفات النوعية لزيوت الثوم وزهرة الشمس والزيتون وتأثير الحفظ بالتبريد في خواصها الكيميائية

المؤلفون: خديجة صادق جعفر الحسيني
الصفحات: 182-191
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الخلاصة

Qualitative Properties of garlic,sunflower and olive oils were studied. such as odour,colour, refractive Index, density, viscosity, meltting, boiling,somking, Flash, Burn Points and acid value, peroxide value, saponification number, unsaponifiable matter, iodine number , thiobarbituric acid value . cholesterol was also determined. Results showed that, odours and colors were differ among oils because of compounds which responsible on color and odour. Refractive index from sunflower oil and olive oil were very close between them ,but were higher than refractive index of garlic oil . It was observed that the density of both garlic oil and sunflower oil were very close between them ,but they were lower than density of olive oil .Also viscosity of the three oils were different and the olive oil was the highest. The melting and boiling points for oils , were very close and sunflower oil was the highest,but olive oil was lower than that ,garlic oil was the lowest. Somking,flashing and burn points were different and olive oil was the highest.The results observed that, chemicals indicators were studied. showed that sunflower oil was the most acidic and it was higher in unsaponifiable matter , iodine number and thiobarbituric acid .While, olive oil was highest in peroxide and saponification values.There was no cholesterol in these oils.On the other hand,it was found, that all studied chemical indicators of oils were increased when refrigerating period increased.

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Article
ظاهرة إدعاء السفارة عن الإمام المهدي(عج) المدعي محمد بن احمد بن عثمان أنموذجاً:

المؤلفون: احمد فاضل حسون --- أياد عبد الحسين صيهود
الصفحات: 182-186
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الخلاصة

That the privileged position enjoyed by the ambassadors of the four after them the link between the infallible Imam and the people made them throw the charge and compete with some of the predators for personal privileges and mundane by exploiting the phenomenon of the Embassy of Imam Mahdi and her claim despite the presence of the ambassadors of actual real, and we highlighted in the This research on a pseudo-embassy who tried to take this special place of deluding people that he is an ambassador of Imam Mahdi , which is that he can achieve their wishes contacing Imam infallible, namely Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Othman, known as Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the grandson of Ambassador to the first of Imam Mahdi Uthman bin Saeed Al Omari and nephew of Ambassador to the second, but despite its proximity to the ambassadors, he did not succeed in his attempt as he was the Ambassador of the second firm stand it and was able to restrain his attempt before declaring his claim embassy only signals indicated by its owner Abu DLF writer, despite the lack of information contained in the sources from Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Osman, however, we were able to access some of the facts about this character, as is research from the front and a body and a conclusion, and presented included the paving brief vaunted Embassy for imams infallible by Imam Mahdi , while the body guarantees the talk about the personal attorney Embassy Mohammed bin Ahmed and try to Abu DLF started in the broadcast receiving the embassy between people and the role of Ambassador second in the failure of their attempt, as stated in the conclusion the findings of the researcher in his research and clarify the gloomy picture for the different positions between the vaunted Embassy and the real ambassadors of Imam Mahdi.

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Article
حضارة وادي الرافدين في القرآن الكريم (بابل انموذجاً) بحث استدلالي في النص القرآني وأقوال العلماء

المؤلفون: صالح جبار القريشي --- هاشم ناصر الكعبي
الصفحات: 187-196
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الخلاصة

Drawn from research in our hands, inter alia, the task can be referred to as follows: 1 - The sites, cities and regions of historical and civilization is only Sorouh list tells the story of a civilization of their peoples and nations and societies, and I scored great for those of civilizations, and therefore call for a menu to not drop these monuments, but the call to build once again is relying in restoring the heritage of these nations. 2 - The Holy Quran stands at the head of body of knowledge the tremendous and we arrived safe and sound manipulation and distortion and this is what reassures him self where did not extend to him by the distortion, but is the product of the sky which is not done wrong in the hands of his successor, all what he says may seal sincerely say, and greatness, and then the heritage and the heritage of our nation's great boasts Msqda between the covers of the book, which is not done wrong will not take distortion. 3 - and are (Babylon), which we have allocated this research has received mentioning in this Constitution heavenly great disclosed in evidence, and raises her shenanigans, and Ersn originality, and protected from all marginalized, as it otherwise would evidence has been lost most of its grandeur and sublimity and originality. 4 - it's an invitation through this great conference that are (Babylon) greatness, which donated its sky, to be an Arab and Iraqi generally advocates to build again and the preservation of its immunity, and Babylonian, especially because I'm grandmother, and then the responsibility will be to double in the service of this edifice great . God Punish us not if we forget or fall of our Lord, we do not carry as his campaign insisted on those before us, our Lord and us what we can not afford it and forgive us and forgive us and have mercy upon us ... The last prayer is praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be upon His Prophets and Messengers, and good and pure.

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Article
Evaluating Reliability Systems by Using Weibull & New Weibull Extension Distributions

المؤلفون: مشتاق عبد الغني شخير
الصفحات: 191-196
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الخلاصة

In this paper we evaluate the reliability systems by using (Weibull & New Weibull Extension) distributions, and by using both of them we determine the Reliability Function and the associated functions such as cumulative distribution function , hazard function … etc., then we discusse the relationship between them and how effectiveness this to calculate the reliability function and associated functions.

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Article
A study of the effect of thickness and Gamma Ray on the optical properties of Polystyrene – Kaolinite Composite
دراسة تأثير السمك واشعة كاما على الخواص البصرية لمتراكب بولي ستايرين – كاؤولين

المؤلفون: وسن كامل حسن
الصفحات: 192-199
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الخلاصة

A study of the effect of thickness on the optical properties of Polystyrene – Kaolinite Composite of thickness (0.86,0.92,1.11) mm prepared by introduction of filler material (kaolinite) to matrix material (polystyrene) after toasting to powder with temperature degree(100 ͦ C)and drying and choose partical size (D<100 μm) and have been used also binder material poly vinyl chloride (PVC) and had been added to dissolved polymer matrix material in benzen with the state ratios and study of effect of thickness for samples after and befor irradiation γ- Ray irradiation from Co60of average energy (2.5 Mev) with radiation dose of (250 KGy) on optical properties for composite material and absorption increase but the transmission decrease as a data of waving length with increase the thickness, as well as it is found that the absorption coefficient of these samples increase with decrease thickness and also calculation of the optical constant carried out such as extinct coefficient , refractive index, reflectance ,real and imaginary part of dielectric constant after and befor irradiation.

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Article
Investigation of the low-lying energy levels structure of the rich neutron isotopes 96-104 Mo.

المؤلفون: Heiyam .N. Hady
الصفحات: 197-206
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الخلاصة

The low-lying levels structure, electric quadrupole transitions and the potential energy surfaces of the rich neutron 96-104Mo nuclei have been studied using the Interacting Boson Model-1 (IBM-1).The agreement between theoretical prediction and experiment values were fairly good. The results obtained and the values of parameters used in this calculations indicated that 96-100Mo isotopes have a vibrational properties with the pairing effect which is starting from 100Mo to 104Mo isotopes while the quadrupole term appear in the last one as a acute competitor to the pairing force. The potential energy surface show smooth transition from vibration to gamma soft and finally to rotational like nuclei.

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Article
Electronic Sources and their importance in scientific research: an analytical study for agricultural intellectual product in Iraqi Virtual scientific Library (IVSL)
دراسة تحليلية للنتاج الفكري الزراعي في المكتبة الافتراضية العلمية العراقية(IVSL)

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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the characteristics of intellectual production provided by the Iraqi virtual scientific library in the field of agricultural production in various languages for the years (2000-2011) in the form of periodicals and journal articles, specialized scientific and research conferences, databases, and analysis of formal, objective and time to identify the characteristics and stages of growth, weakness, the documentary analysis methods has been used it to achieve the aims of this study. Farming techniques in general and (Plant Tissue Culture Techniques) and ((Soilless culture Technique)) and (Genetic Engineering Technique) in particular. The Research results: 1. Totaled electronic sources provided by the Iraqi virtual library scientific in the area of intellectual production in agriculture (324) and specialized patrol (10) databases. 2. Plant Culture won a good share of attention and the balance of this category of subjects (122 779) articles and Paper conferences, (2000-2011) It's presents 40.3% of the total subjects, articles , Papers of conferences in other disciplines. 3. The number of articles were published on the Plant Tissue Culture Techniques: since (2000-2011) / (139) article. The number of articles were published on the subject of Soilless culture Technique since (2010-2011) / (2) article only, the number of articles were published in the techniques of genetic engineering (576), and (283) article were published in different scientific magazines , (293) Papers in different Conference. 4. Most of the articles and research available in the Iraqi Virtual Library is the product of a collective, and considering that the research resulting from Co-Authors of the best individual research.

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Article
The Construction of Complete (k,4)-Arcs in PG(2,8) on projective plane over Galois Field GF (8)

المؤلفون: Adil S. Hassan
الصفحات: 207-215
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الخلاصة

In this work, we construct by an algebraic method the projectively distinct (k,4)-arcs in PG(2,8),where k 5 and we prove that the complete (k,4)-arcs do not exist , when 5 k 18 . Also we find that complete (k,4)-arc in PG(2,8) is the (20,4)-arc an complete (k,3)-arc and PG(2,8)is the (19,4)-arc .

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Article
Effect of oil Newcastle disease vaccine on thyroid gland hormones T3,T4
تأثير لقاح النيوكاسل الزيتي على هرمونات الغدة الدرقية T3 و T4

المؤلفون: عمار محمد عبد الله
الصفحات: 210-214
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الخلاصة

This research was conducted to investigate the effect of vaccination by oil Newcastle disease vaccine on T3 and T4 level of thyroid gland in broiler chicken. For this purpose 100, one day old chicks, Hubbard were used in the experiment, chicks were allocated randomly in to two groups, and each group was containing 50 chicks. Chicks in the first group were vaccinated by oil Newcastle disease vaccine during 10th day old, were as, chicks in the second group was left with out vaccination, regarded as control group. Body weight and weight gain were recorded every two weeks of the experiment. Antibody titer level was evaluated by HI test. Mean while, T3 and T4 level were evaluated by ELISA. Result were indicated an increase of antibody titer ( p<0.01) and T4 level (p<0.05) in chicks which were vaccinated oily ND vaccine. Where as, T3 level was non significant difference in to two groups, in addition, there no significant difference in mean Body weight and weight gain in the two groups. It was concluded that oily Newcastle disease vaccine resulted in elevation of Antibody titer and T4 in broiler chicken.

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Article
تفعيل دور نوادي النشىء والشباب الريفي في التنمية الزراعية في العراق

المؤلفون: جزائر عبد الله جويعد --- خضير مهدي صالح
الصفحات: 215-221
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الخلاصة

Targeted research to identify the level of activating the role of clubs young and rural youth and compare rates between the areas of economy and education, including the research community all young and rural youth, who ranged in age from 9-20 years old females and males within the area of work of the divisions of Agricultural Directorate of Agriculture of Baghdad's 11 Division was Choose a random sample of those people by 15%, thus limited sample of the research on the two divisions only two towns and Mahmudiyah, was selected sample villages randomly proportionate total sample of respondents, 100 of young and rural youth and used the resolution as a means to obtain the necessary data of the subjects, and showed the results of statistical analysis The general nature of the levels of activating the role of clubs young and rural youth is important to a large extent, and based on the search results we recommend the need for the General Authority for guidance and agricultural cooperation involving young and young people in Iraq, small productive projects generating income, giving greater importance to the pivotal role of animal production, and education.

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Article
Investigation the Interstellar Dust toward the Galaxy M82
تفسير الغبار ما بين النجوم باتجاه المجرة M82

المؤلفون: Muwafaq Fadhil Jaddoa
الصفحات: 216-222
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الخلاصة

The composition of the interstellar dust remains controversial .The 10µm absorption feature has been analyzed in terms of silicate for a long time, In this paper we had compared between absorption toward the galaxy M82 and infrared spectra of organic and biological materials. We obtained a good agreement relatively with spectrum of Murchison meteorite. This meteorite composition contains organic and amino acids components which are the basis of DNA of the cells.

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Article
Effect of the partitioning of potassium fertilizer and magnetized water on the growth and yield of maize ( Zea mays L.)
تاثير تجزئة السماد البوتاسي والماء الممغنط في نمو وحاصل الذرة الصفراء L. Zea mays

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted at Hussainyah Province of Karbala/Iraq to study the effect of the partitioning of potassium fertilizer and magnetic water on growth and yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) var.synthesiser 5012. The experiment included studying two factors. Firs factor included two types of water (magnetic & non magnetic) diameter with 1500 gauss. Second factor partitioning of potassium fertilizer applied in soil of five batches (1,2,3,4 and 5). The experiment was designed as RCBD. The result showed the following points: 1. The magnetized water significantly affects the height of plants, dry matter weight and grain yield. 2. The fragmentation of potassium fertilizer gave significant effect on the height of plants, 500 grain, dry matter weight and grain yield. 3. The interaction between magnetized water and partitioning of potassium fertilizer was significantly increased the plant height, 500 grain, dray matter weight and grain yield.

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Article
Design of Active Loop Antenna for Multi-band Radio Reception.

المؤلفون: Jabbar S. Hussein
الصفحات: 223-230
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الخلاصة

A simple design method of multiband active loop antenna for multiband reception is presented, the propose antenna work for LW and MW. Theoretical overview of the loop antenna is provided where the magnetic field equation is derived. Description of the design consideration and circuit of the antenna are presented, these antenna is simple, cheap and easy to construct and installation. Finally with practical experiment this antenna show good reception properties.

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Article
Using of nutshell pomegranate, Alum Solution to remove adhesive substance from common carp ( Cyprinus carpio ) Eggs during artificial reproduction.
استعمال محلول قشور الرمان ومحلول الشب لإزالة المادة اللاصقة Adhesives substance من بيوض اسماك الكارب الاعتيادي Cyprinus carpio في التكثير الاصطناعي.

المؤلفون: طالب شمران نايف
الصفحات: 229-233
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الخلاصة

This study hael been established in aheatchary private / Babylon province from 9 April to 25 April 2011, in order to study the possibility tannins substitute (which is used in artificial propagation for elimination of adhesive substance from eggs of Cyprinus carpio ) by alum solution or grenacle punnic granetun and their effects on both hatching and fertilization. Four different concentrations of punnic granetun ( 1, 2, 3 and 4 ) g/L and another four concentrations of alum solution ( 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 ) g/L with acontrol solution ( 0.5 g/L Tannin ) for each experiment at 3 replicutes . The Results showed that there is not signefcet differente ( p < 0.05 ) between punnic granetum 2 g/L and control solution wherease averages of hatching ratio ( %70.97 ) ، ( % 71.09 ) respectively also there is not any scgnificat between alum solution ( 1g/L ) and the control solution ( %71.41 ) , ( %70.88 ) respectively for hatching ratio, that is mean they are the best to use in stead of tannins solution.

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Article
Iraqi Undergraduate EFL Students Errors in the Use of the Indefinite Article 2009 - 2010

المؤلفون: Azhar Hassan Salumee
الصفحات: 231-240
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الخلاصة

This study is an analysis of compositions written by Iraqi first- , second- , third-, fourth- year university EFL students. It aims at identifying the kinds of errors they make in the use of the indefinite article. Nine types of error were identified, and their frequency computed and then compared across the four levels .These errors are: (1) deletion of the indefinite article, (2) writing a as part of the noun/adjective following it, (3)substitution of the indefinite for the definite article, (4) substitution of the definite for the indefinite article, (5) substitution of a for an, (6) use of the indefinite article with unmarked plurals, (7) use of the indefinite article with marked plurals, (8) use of the indefinite article with uncountable nouns, and (9) use of the indefinite article with adjectives. Unlike earlier error analyses , native language transfer was found to play a role which is at best minimal .The analysis revealed that all errors , except one, are independent of the learners native language . The only type of error which could be traced back to the influence of Arabic, among other sources, was the deletion of the indefinite article. Developmental factors and common learning strategies like simplification and over generalization were found to account for the majority of learners errors. The use of these strategies was evident among the learners of the four levels who were found to do well on certain items and to have difficulty with others.

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Article
دراسة تأثير الافلاتوكسين المنتجة مختبريا من الفطر Aspergillus flavus والمضاف للعليقة في بعض الصفات الفسلجية وانسجة بعض اعضاء جسم فروج اللحم .

المؤلفون: علي حسن كريم الحمامي --- علي فاضل مرجان
الصفحات: 234-242
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الخلاصة

The study was conducted to assume the effect of Aspergillus flavus fungus us secretion which was Producing in lab. and added to poultry food (0 , 25) ml/ kg feed on histological, physiological specification and health status to meal chickens (4 – 8 ) weeks age when they feeded on this contaminated feed. The results showed that a significant decreasing in physiological parameters licks packed cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin (Hb), Red Blood Cells (RBC). Results were explained that a bleeding, secretion occurred in liver, spleen and atrophy of fabrocia gland. Results were also revealed a significant deterioration of health status of bird’s exposure to fungus secretion comparing with control.

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Article
A Study of Some Nuclear Properties of a Nuclei with Mass Numbers (A=100,102) using Interacting Boson Model

المؤلفون: A.R.H Subber --- Mohammed A. Al Sharefi --- Ahmed M. Shuaib
الصفحات: 241-247
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الخلاصة

In this study, we have employed the Interacting Boson Model (IBM-1 and IBM-2) to determine the most appropriate Hamiltonian for the study of a nuclei in the region (A≈100). Using the best fit values of parameters to construct the Hamiltonian, we have estimated energy levels and multipole mixing ratios (δ(E2/M1)) for some doubly even (A=100,102) nuclei. The results are compared with experimental data and it is observed that they are in good agreement.

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Article
Influence of nutrient medium components ,sucrose and tyrosine on callus induction , papaverine and noscapine alkaloids production on Papaver somniferum In vitro
تأثير مكونات الوسط الغذائي والسكروز والتايروسين في استحثاث الكالس وانتاج قلويدات البابافرين والنسكابين من نبات الخشخاش Papaver somniferum. خارج الجسم الحي

المؤلفون: محمد شهاب حمد
الصفحات: 243-254
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الخلاصة

A study was conducted at the tissue culture lab.College of Agriculture /University of Baghdad and Drug Research Center /Health Ministry during the period Sep. 2008 till Oct.2009 . Result indicated that MS medium was superior in both fresh and dry weights of callus 155.1 ; 14.54 mg respectively , compared with B5 medium that gave 127.4 ; 11.81 mg for both fresh and dry weights of callus, respectively .Results showed that MS medium supplemented with 0.3 mg/l BA and 0.5 mg/ l of NAA gave the highest values of fresh and dry weights of callus 357.4 ; 33.71mg, respectively compared with B5 medium supplemented with the same concentration of BA and NAA which gave 253.3 ; 23.4 mg for both fresh and dry weights of callus ,respectively . Results indicated that MS medium supplemented with 30g/l of sucrose gave the highest values 548.5 ; 51.6 fresh and dry weights of callus ,respectively . However, values of both parameters were reduced with the increasing of sucrose concentration up to 60 ; 90 and120 g/L , it gave 445.5 ; 333.3 and 257.8 mg and 45.7 ; 34.1 and 24.0 mg for both fresh and dry weights of callus, respectively. MS medium supplemented with 30g/L sucrose and 20 mg/L tyrosine gave the highest values 598.5 ; 53.9 mg of both fresh and dry weights of callus, respectively . MS medium supplemented with 90g/L sucrose and 30 mg/L tyrosine gave the highest values 3.9 ; 5.9 mg/g of papaverine and noscapine for fresh callus weight, respectively . While, the lowest values of papaverine and noscapine 2.3 ; 2.5 mg/g for fresh callus weight respectively of control treatment.

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Article
Semi –Coercive Function

المؤلفون: Alyaa Yousif Khudayir
الصفحات: 248-252
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الخلاصة

In this paper ,we introduce the definition of semi-coercive function and introduce several properties of semi-coercive function.

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Article
Fuzzy Regular Compact Space

المؤلفون: Habeeb Kareem Abdullah --- Worood Mohammed Hussein
الصفحات: 253-262
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الخلاصة

The purpose of this paper is to construct the concept of fuzzy regular compact space in fuzzy topological spaces .We give some characterization of fuzzy compact space and fuzzy regular compact space . A comparison between these concepts and we obtained several properties .

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Article
Diagnostic and epidemiologic Study of fat tail scorpion (Androctonus crassicuada) in Mid -Euphrates region / Iraq
دراسة تشخيصية ووبائية للعقرب سميك الذنب ( Androctonus crassicuada) في منطقة الفرات الأوسط /العراق

المؤلفون: Haider M. Al-Ramahi --- Mohammad H. Al-Hasnawi
الصفحات: 263-269
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in specific areas in the province of Babil ,Najaf and Al-Qadissiyia in Iraq during the period of March 2010 to November 2010 in search of scorpions on the presence of a thick tail scorpion (Androctonus crassicauda) in addition to studying of stinging of scorpions in same areas. The results showed that the propotions of fat tail scorpion presence in some areas of in Babil , Najaf and Al-Qadissiyia were 45.91% ,16.73% and 37.37% respectively. Based on months of year found that the highest prevalence of scorpions was significantly (P≤0.05) observed in July(33.07%), while the lowest(P≤0.05) in April (2.33%) with no observation of any scorpion in March and October, with marked prevalent of juvenile scorpion in July. The data obtained from questionnaire in infested area showed that the scorpionism with A. crassicuada was 76% ,the incidence rates in men ,women and children were 28.57% ,58.44% and 12.98% respectively. The affection rates of different parts of body were vary significantly ,the recorded ratios in upper limbs ,lower limbs ,body and head &neck were 53.24% ,35.06% ,10.38% and 1.29% respectively.

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Article
Distal in Topological Transformation Group

المؤلفون: ايناس يحيى --- رويـــــدة رزاق
الصفحات: 270-277
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الخلاصة

Abstract. In this paper we define distal in a topological transformation group and it will given necessary condition for a function to be a distal, and we obtain strongly distal by using the concept of the automomorphism as well as some of it property is studied

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