جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

Loading...
معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2012 المجلد: 10 العدد: 2

Article
النفوذ البريطاني وتجارة الرقيق في الخليج العربي في القرن التاسع عشر

المؤلفون: جاسم محمد شطب
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The Great Britain entered the Imperialism stage before all nations, for the result of the nature development of its society ,though it overtake those nations to calling to liberation slave and prevent the trade with them ,and then entered the Arabian Gulf and Arabian Sea and Oman Gulf, that they were very important watercourses to British interests and its navel activity. Under this preface which became excuse for domination on this watercourses , and driving away anther forces particularly France ,the traditional enemy, and concludeseries treatise and agreements and commitments with local forces from 1820 to the end of nineteenth century, its literal meaningwas forbad slave trade and fighting piracy and pursuit the trader and thesmugglerweapon, but essence the issue was subdual the local force or partition the large part as empire of SayidSa'id Bin Sultan ,the governor(Sultan) of Muscatin Asia and Zanzibar in Africa after his death in1856, or protectionArabian Gulf from ambitions of another forces , Particularly France or Ottoman Empire or Persia . There is most important which distinguished a British policy in this agreements and commitments, it was historical and Geographical progress by step policy arrival to the head of Arabian Gulf in end of nineteenth century .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of New Hetcrocyclic Polymers Contains Two 1, 3, 4- Oxadiazol Rings
تحضير وتشخيص ثلاث سلاسل جديدة من البوليمرات الحاوية على حلقتين غير متجانستين من الاوكسادايازول

المؤلفون: Maha T. Sultan
الصفحات: 1-9
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The synthesis and characterization of new three series of polymers containing two heterocyclic rings 1, 3, 4 – oxadiazole are reported. The molecular structures of the intermediates and target compounds were confirmed by FTIR and 'H-NMR spectra. Keywords: 1, 3, 4- Oxadiazole, Polymers, Heterocyclic Polymers.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Using caree-free water conditioner system for treating saline water and its effect on soil chemical properties and Alfalfa growth properties
معالجة المياه المالحة باستخدام جهاز Care-Free Water Conditioner ومدى تأثيرها في بعض الخصائص الكيميائية للتربة ونمو محصول الجت

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

A Field experiment was conducted in silty clay soil classified as Fine Loamy active calcareous hyperthermic Typic Torrifluvents . The soil was planted with Alfalfa crop variety ( Medicago sativa ) during the season of 2008 – 2009 . Two irrigation water types were used , namely ; treated water by Care-free water conditioners system and untreated water ( Shutt-Alarab river water ) its EC was 7.94 dsm – 1 . Care-free system was conducted in the irrigation pass line of the Shutt-Alarab river water ; the diameter of system was 1.5 inch ( 3.81 cm ) . The soil properties changed due to using Care-free system was studied after one , two and three months . The studied soil chemical properties were EC , ESP and pH of soil at depths ( 0 – 25 ) , ( 25 – 50 ) and ( 50 – 75 ) cm . The Alfalfa crop properties measured were plant height , branches number , stem diameter , length and width of leaflet , green weight and total crop production . The results showed that the treated water significantly reduced EC , ESP and pH values by 24.55 , 18.86 and 0.77 % respectively as compared with untreated water . The EC and ESP values were higher in soil depth of ( 0 – 25 ) cm as compared with depths ( 25 – 50 ) and ( 50 – 75 ) cm . EC value also increased by 29.61 % after the third crop harvesting while the highest value of ESP was 12.35 and it was recorded after the second crop harvesting . The treated water increased the total production of the crop , green weight , plant length , branches numbers , stem diameter and leaflet length and width by 37.08 , 75.06 , 17.90 , 39.34 , 36.60 19.87 and 37.83 % respectively as compared with untreated water . Some crop parameters total crop production , green weight , plant height , length and width of leaflet were decreased after the third crop harvesting by 22.37 , 21.26 , 22.84 , 24.96 and 56.82 % respectively as compared with first harvest . The second harvest gave the biggest stem diameter , but the number harvesting was not effected significantly in the number of plant shoots .


Article
EXECUTING COMMANDS OF OPERATING SYSTEM BY USING SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM: AN EXPERIMENT WITH MICROSOFT WINDOWS
تنفيذ اوامر نظام التشغيل باستخدام نظام تميز الصوت : مجال التطبيق مايكروسوفت ويندوز

المؤلفون: Meeras Salman Al-Shemarry
الصفحات: 10-22
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The main objective of this research is to construct and develop system to execute commands of operating system by using speech recognition system that is capable of recognizing and responding to speech inputs rather than using traditional means of input (e.g. computer keyboard, mouse), this will lead to save time and reduce effort by the user. By other words, this system would be useful for computer applications by presenting the human speech as a substantial substitute for input devices; This is of great importance to increase the interaction between people and computers by using speech recognition; Especially for whom suffer from health problems, for example, persons with disabilities from the movement. By using voice recognition system sphnis-4 which contains many tools to help and supports in order to execute this system. This research select simple prototype from commands of MS.WINDOWS as start to applicable this system by using Dos environment.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The reason not active grammar enriches Arab
أسباب عدم الإعمال في الحروف

المؤلفون: سهيلة خطاف عبد الكريم
الصفحات: 11-30
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The passport grammar enriches Arab that many terms used o : The word which has no work , including :- (cancellation ) and ( neglect ) And ( idle ) and ( idle ) and (prevention of work ) and ( padding ) (no business ) The increase in term of stability may be a specific meaning in the sentence can not achieved without this meaning ( increase ) , but may be reversed you do not understand the existence of this excess . - Show that the grammatical rule that the character does not work unless singled out by name , base verb is inaccurate . the specialist may not work . - Recourse to the letters to the Arabs is working deliberately to the shortcut and here came the letters of inquiry and denial and appeal and compassion on behalf of the Group and said it does not recur . - Arrival of non – factor on the meaning of the apparent such Questions or appeal or other carrying a significant other does not know , but from the context of sentence after sentence scrutiny has come age question is not intended as the real question We learn several things , including a number of meanings or reprehension , nobody or alert listener . The exact time of the act has shown what does not work difference the exact time between two actions (go) and (go) back to a (will) are not working came two searches a introduction and pave abstract the most important results of the search mechanism and a list of sources and references .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Influence of Vapor Gard and some of the storage characteristics of orange fruits local Cv.
تأثير مادة الـ Vapor Gard وبعض المعاملات في الصفات الخزنية لثمار البرتقال المحلي تحت ظروف الخزن المهوى

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The objective of the study was to investigation the effect of Vapor Gard ( 0% , 2% and 4% ) ( VG0 , VG1 and VG2 ) and a different kinds of rooms ( S0 , S1 , S2 و S3) on some storage characteristics of orange fruits local Cv. For tow months. The results showed that weight loss, juice percentage, TSS and pH of juice fruits were the least when VG increased . weight loss percentage was increased when the fruits was storied in the S0 with S3 which was 50% , while it decreased in the S1 which was 46% . The percentage of juice was decreased when used the S0 (control), while the percentage of TSS decreased when used the S0 with S3 . The percentage of juice and TSS were increased when used S1 . The pH of juice fruits decreased when used S0 which was 3.4 , while it increased when used S0 with water which was 4.2 .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Compare three densities from carp fish raised in flotant cages
مقارنة استخدام ثلاثة كثافات من اسماك الكارب للتربية في الاقفاص العائمة في نهر الفرات

المؤلفون: يحيى عباس مرداس --- ثامر كريم الجنابي
الصفحات: 16-19
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was conducted to examining the rate of increase for carp fish weight that raised in flotant cages on three densities 55,66,and 77 fish for one cubic meter from size of cage. The size of cages was 18 cubic meters. These cages was floating in Euphrates river near Mussaib city on the Iraqi summer conditions. This study was continued for 12 weeks. The fish was feeding from feed contain 30% protean .the quantity of feed was 5% from the fish weight in the each cage .The weight was measuring weekly .This study proof that the best rate of increase weight was in lower density( 55 fish for one cubic meter) from size of cage. While the lower rate of increase weight was in the highest density( 77 fish for one cubic meter) . The increase weight of carp fish influence in high densities and the best density in this study was 55 fish in one cubic meter from cage size.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
حول نظرية ليبيك في التقارب المقيد

المؤلفون: مالك سعد المهجة
الصفحات: 20-26
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

In 2010 Al-Muhja [1] , introduced paper on Lebesgue integral theorem . In this paper , we discuss the some theorem in constrained approximation by using definitions Lebesgue _ Stieltjes _ i and the pseudo _ Lebesgue _ Stieltjes integral .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of chemical disinfection on the compressive strength of heat-cure and cold-cure acrylic denture base resin.
تأثير المعقمات الكيمائية على القوة الضاغطة لقاعدة الطقم الاكريلكي الحار والبارد

المؤلفون: Nihad Hasan Mohammed
الصفحات: 23-32
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Background: Prostheses have been identified as a source of cross contamination between patient and dental personnel. Although aseptic guide lines were established to minimize the potential for disease transmission by prostheses, many laboratories and dental offices have failed to follow these procedures. Dental personnel have an increased risk of infection through constant exposure to debris, plaque and saliva, which harbor pathogenic organisms and adhere to prostheses. Dental personnel also may transmit potentially harmful organisms to patients

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study the epidemiology of Cryptosporidiosis in children in some areas of Sebha city-Libya
دراسة وبائية داء الابواغ الخبيئة في أطفال بعض مناطق سبها- ليبيا

المؤلفون: محمد ثابت صالح
الصفحات: 27-30
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

A total of 300 stool samples were obtained from 1-day -5 years old children in several cities AL-Menshia, Al-Gurdha, AL-Naseria, AL-Thanawyia, AL-Sukara and AL-Jadeed in Sebha province / Libya. Two laboratory methods were used : flotation with sheather’s sugar solution and Modified Zehil Neelson stain for detection of Cryptospordium oocysts .The study revealed 51samples17% were positive with highest infection rates in young children between days -1< year and 1-< 2 years, which reached 41.66 % and 31.66 % respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
فاعلية استعمال أسلوب العصف الذهني في تحصيل طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة التأريخ العربي الإسلامي

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Summary The research aims to know the current (effective manner of use of brainstorming in the collection of second-grade students in the middle of history the Arab-Muslim). To investigate this hypothesis the researchers coined the target zero following: Hypothesis of Search: - There is no difference statistically significant at a level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who are studying the use of brainstorming method and the average score for the control group students who are studying the normal traditional way in history in the collection. To verify the researchers chose a design empirically a control part, and limited Qsidia medium peaks of the distinguished members in the holy city of Karbala to be a sample for research, as the number of members (62) students, and by (31) students in each of the two experimental and control group. Researchers conducted two sets of parity between students search a number of variables (degrees of history for the last academic year 2009-2010, and chronological age measured in months, and testing of intelligence, academic achievement to parents, and educational attainment for mothers). After selecting the researchers of the material science, of chapters IV and V of the history book the Arab-Muslim Grade average of the approved teaching and Iraqi Ministry of Education for the academic year 2010-2011, coined the researchers, targets of behavior of the chapters of the three numbered (102) target, and re-learning courses by computer using program (Power Point) applied to be displayed by a device (Data Show), a promising teaching plans for the two sets of search, and display models of a group of experts and specialists in teaching methods, measurement and evaluation, psychology and history. Researchers prepared achievement test to measure the level of student achievement after the completion of the experiment, as a test of (40), paragraph a test of the type of multiple choice, check out the sincerity in the light of the presentation to the group of experts and arbitrators, and check its stability with its application to sample prospective students from medium-I Hayan second core, and the value of the correlation (0.77). One of the researchers studied two groups of his own research in the duration of the experiment, which lasted (10) weeks, and after the termination of the experiment the test was applied to students in grades dimensional Group Search The researchers used the analysis of the results the following statistical methods: (a doubly Altaúa test for two independent samples, Pearson's correlation coefficient to calculate the stability test, the Spearman Brown formula, Chi-square, the equation of the difficulty of the paragraph, the equation of discrimination coefficient paragraph). The research found the following results: A difference statistically significant at the level of significance (0.05) in favor of the experimental group which studied using the method of brainstorming to the control group, who studied the traditional way in the collection. In light of these researchers, the result came out the conclusions and recommendations of several: Adoption of the use of brainstorming method in teaching history. Update of the current research researchers suggested further studies similar to the current study to students in other stages of the study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of three concentration of licorice extract with drinking water in some semen's characteristics of local Iraqi roosters
تأثير استخدام ثلاثة تراكيز من مستخلص عرق السوس مع ماء الشرب في بعض الصفات النوعية للسائل المنوي للديكة المحلية العراقية .

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was conducted to examine effect of licorice extract that was added to drinking water of local Iraqi roosters on some semen traits .The animal was divided randomly in to four groups. 10%,20% and 30% of licorice extract was added to water of T2,T3 and T4 respectively. Whereas T1 used as control treatment . The results showed highly significant increase in the semen quality compare with control treatment.The ejaculation volume,mass activity, individual motility and sperms concentration increased significantly in T2,T3 and T4 in compare with T1 ,while T2,T3andT4 decreased significantly in abnormal and died sperms percentage. This study indicate that the licorice extract has good influence to improvement of semen quality of local Iraqi roosters .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment four types of separating medium on surface roughness of self cure acrylic resin processed by two methods "A comparative study"

المؤلفون: نضال صاحب منصور
الصفحات: 33-44
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Surface roughness is known to be factor in the entrapment of microorganisms on acrylic surface, significantly higher number of microorganisms cells were observed on roughened surface than on smooth surface. In present study olive oil, and glycerin oil are used as a substitute for tin foil & cold mold seal (alginate mold seal) in the process of curing clear cold cure acrylic resin against stone and evaluating these new materials as a separating medium on surface roughness of cold cure acrylic resin cured in air(bench curing ), and in water(ivomat curing). A total of (64) specimens from clear cold cure acrylic resin were prepared for surface roughness test and divided into two major groups ,each major group subdivided into four subgroup according to the type of separating medium that used during processing .The major group one include (group A, group B, group C,& group D) ,the major group two include( group A1,group B1,group C1,&group D1) .From the result obtained, in bench curing groups, statistically significant differences in mean surface roughness value was observed of tin foil group compared with cold mold seal group ,from the other hand non significant differences between cold mold seal with olive oil group& glycerin oil groups ,also non significant differences between tin foil group with olive oil and glycerin oil groups ,but in ivomat curing groups , statistically significant differences between tin-foil group compared with cold mold seal group & olive oil group ,and highly significant difference between tin-foil group with glycerin group ,from the other hand non significant differences among cold mold seal group ,olive oil group and glycerin oil group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Environmental Effect Reduction On Internal Space Temperature By Internal Walls Covering
تقليل تأثير البيئة على درجة حرارة حيز المبنى بتغليف الجدران من الداخل (دراسـة تجريبيـة)

المؤلفون: عاطف علي حسن
الصفحات: 35-48
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The objective of this paper is reduced the heat transferred quantities from or to internal building space by covering it's internal walls with many materials, therefore, build the (1x1x2)m room sample at 3rd floor for building in Baghdad city (L = 33.2 °N), and (1x2)m wall has east orientation, while the other surfaces were insulated by 200 mm styropor sheets, and using Air – Conditioner 0.5 Ton of refrigeration to afford the standard thermal comfort. From search result found that, the hollow faced brick (120mm thickness) with 10mm polystyrene thermal insulation used as a cover layer for ordinary wall saved 47% from electrical energy consumption in Air-Conditioner, while used solid flooring brick with thermal insulation and fiber wood with colour paper covered, the metal sheet painted with thermal plastic paint with 10 mm thermal insulation gives each one of that 41.8% saving, while the covering with one of this materials hallan stone, solid flooring brick, MDF wood with thermal insulation, metal sheet with thermal insulation and metal sheet painted with thermal plastic paint gives about 35% percentage saving, while used the marble, porcelene , ceramic and hollow plastic board (for decorative used) give electrical energy reduction percentage about 27% .


Article
The Antimicrobial activity of Allium porrum Water Extract against some pathogenic bacteria
الفعالية ضد الحيوية للمستخلص المائي لنبات الكراث ضد بعض البكتريا المرضية

المؤلفون: Rana K.Naem --- Noora A. Hadi
الصفحات: 45-49
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was designed to evaluate antimicrobial activity of Allium porrum aqueous extract against some pathogenic bacteria. So that, the aqueous extract of A. porrum was screened for its anti-microbial activity using the plate agar diffusion method. It was tested against six bacterial species; three Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus) and three Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). The susceptibility of these different bacterial species toward the extracts of this plant was compared with each other and with selected antibiotics (gentamicin and tetracycline) used as positive control. Results showed that aqueous extract of A.porrum had antimicrobial activity against all bacterial species.Then the active components which exist in aqueous extract were detected. Result indicated that amino acid with sulphate, glycosides, saponin and phenol were present in the aqueous extract. Keywords: Allium porrum, aqeous extract, antimicrobial activity, sulphar compound

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
مملكة الخزر وأحوال المسلمين فيها دراسة في كتب الجغرافيين والرحالة المسلمين حتى القرن الثامن للهجرة

المؤلفون: زمان عبيد وناس
الصفحات: 46-60
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Khazars are the nation attributed in origin to the tribes of Turk Western dwelling Basin Volga, was able after a short period of its appearance on the scene of international political in the early seventh century AD to establish a large empire included territory most countries of the Caucasus and the River Volga, and included under the jurisdiction Nations, peoples, tribes, several historically called ((the Kingdom of the Khazars Judaism)) has reached this kingdom maximum breadth of its limits year 240 AH / 850 AD, such as Muslims in the majority of influential, and this is what led us to study their situation in a paragraph of our research this, we attempted to uncover the sentences news and conditions, which is shrouded in some mystery and lack of precision in the knowledge of their conditions and Muslims, and because most of what came from the news came from the base Arabic literature, especially the geographical and travel literature of which we decided to be a study, and became our search under the title of ((the Kingdom of the Khazars and the conditions of Muslims study in the books of geography and travelers until the eighth century Muslim immigration)) and we stopped in the search criterion is the last of the books written by Muslims and geographical literature flights in the eighth century of migration / fourth century AD and the folds of the pages carrying a male of the Kingdom of the Khazars.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of different levels of oil extracted propolis on productive performance of broiler chicken (Ross).
تأثير اضافة مستويات مختلفة من المستخلص الزيتي للبروبولس الى العليقة في الأداء الإنتاجي لفروج اللحمRoss

المؤلفون: مجيد علي فهد --- علي رضا عبد
الصفحات: 49-55
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The research was conducted to investigate the effect of oil extracted propolis (OEP) on production performance of broiler chicken . A total of 240,one day old broiler chickens (Ross) were randomly allocated into 4 equal treatments and each one was included 3 replicates . chickens in the treatment were given an ordinary diet and this treatment was regarded as a control where as ,chickens in the second ,third and fourth treatment were given the same diet with addition of OEP al alevel of 100,200 and 300 mg/kg .the experiment was lasted till the sixth weeks of age .body weights ,weight gain ,feed consumption and feed conversion rate were recorded weekly . Results showed a highly significant effect (p<0.01) of OEP on body weight in the third and fourth treatments which fed on OEP at a level 200 and 300 mg/kg during the first till the third week of age where as ,no significant effect was noticed during the fourth,fifth and sixth week. Results also showed highly significant effect (p<0.01) of OEP in third,fourth treatments concerning the mean weight gain during the first week of age while these differences were significant (p<0.05) during the second and third weeks of age and the accumulative weight gain (1-3 weeks) showed ahighly significant effect (p<0.01) in the third and fourth treatments . OEP lead to a significant effect (p<0.05) of feed consumption in the third and fourth treatment during the third and sixth weeks while the accumulative feed consumption (1-6 weeks) indicated a highly significant effect (p<0.01) .OEP showed no significant effect on feed efficiency in chickens . It was concluded that OEP led to significant effect in improvement of body weights,weight gains and feed consumption during the first till the third week of chicken age at a level of 200 and 300 mg/kg

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Ab-initio-rhf methods calculation to study the fundamental vibrational frequency of Acetone ( CH3-CO-CH3)

المؤلفون: Nagham M.AL.Tememee
الصفحات: 50-61
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The electronic distribution and energy level as well as modes of vibration of Acetone molecule are studied theortically using ab-initio methods . The geometry optimization of the acetone was obtained depending on the restricted Hartree- Fock (rhf) equation for the restricted system by using STO - 3G basis sets. The modes of vibrationes were calculated under the steady state geometry condition and presented in graphically with frequency,intensity and symmetry for each mode. The molecular orbital calculation and energy level diagram appears that paired electron . The Ionization potential is equal to = 8.757333 eV , while the low electron affinity is equal to =8.075379 eV. The total energy of acetone equal to (-5157.258583 eV) where calculated by Ab-initio method compared with different semi-empirical methods, indicate that Ab-initio method is very high accurate method to give the geometry more stable , because it takes in to a ccount all electron internal and external orbital but need a long time for calculation with a large process capacity .

الكلمات الدلالية

Ab-initio rhf methods for acetone modes .


Article
The influence of cytokinin and NPK compound fertilizer on some yield components and active compound of (Nigella sativa L.) plant
تأثير السايتوكاينين والسماد المركب NPK في بعض مكونات الحاصل والمركبات الفعالة لنبات الحبة السوداء (Nigella sativa L.)

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The experiment was conducted in the field of Biological Department , College of Education (Ibn Al-Haitham) , University of Baghdad during the growing season of 2010-2011 to study the effect of cytokinin (Kin.) concentrations and the Level of NPK fertilizer on some harvest characteristics and active compounds in Nigella sativa L. plant . The experiment was divided according to Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replicates . three concentrations of cytokinin were used (50,100,150)mg. L-1were used in addition to the control treatment and two levels of compound NPK fertilizer (17:17:17) were (160,320)Kg.ha- 1with control treatment (zero) .So the experiment was factorial (3X4X3). The Results showed that treatment with cytokinin and compound NPK fertilizer and their interaction significantly increased all studied characters especially at the concentration of 100 mg. L-1 cytokinin and the level of fertilization 320 kg.ha -1 NPK on the rest of the treatments.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
One Of Language Styles In The Performance Of The Quranic Word
من أساليبِ اللغة في أداء الكلمةِ القرآنيةِ

المؤلفون: سعاد كاظم شكر محمود ألعبيدي
الصفحات: 61-73
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This research includes the introduction, two chapters and a conclusion presented in the boot address research and its importance At the chapter one I talked about studying the language of the word in the Koran, and then showed it Paintings and phrases that brought them the Qur'an new meanings were not known before in the pre-Islamic era, and other words carried the connotation of the same, then given the lines from the pre-Islamic poetry of the poets known And selected from the َQuranic verses evidence elected to be a weak witness strengthens the argument Quran as the most powerful argument in the text of the hair of the language and vocabulary to resort to in the interpretation of the words of tongue And tried in the second chapter to stand at the word and support it easy to study grammar, speaking about the importance of the word in the Koran About me and how linguists study the word, depending on the Koran, as well as cursed study expressed entirely in affecting change in the meaning solved the meaning of the words Therefore, it was the pivot on which the Holy Quran was the subject of these studies for the purpose of understanding the Quran and the maintenance and preservation of our Arabic language downloads from the loss as a reference to the Quran.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Linear and Nonlinear optical properties of dichromate gelatin

المؤلفون: .Khawla jemeal tahir --- Ragaa Abd-Alamire
الصفحات: 62-69
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The linear and nonlinear optical properties represented by nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption coefficient were determined using a highly sensitive method known as Z-scan technique. Z-scan experiment was performed using Nd-YAG1064) nm( and Nd-YVO4 laser in two parts532) nm). The first part has been done using a closed aperture placed in front of the detector to measure the nonlinear refractive index at two wavelengths. The second part was done using an open aperture to measure the nonlinear absorption coefficient at two wavelengths.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Antibiotic Effecacy of Metholic Extract of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) on some bacterial species
فعالية المستخلص الكحولي لجذور نبات الزنجبيل Ginger(Zingiber officinale) تجاه بعض انواع البكتريا

المؤلفون: شيماء اسماعيل كاظم
الصفحات: 67-72
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Disc diffusion method , Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) were used to determine the antibacterial activity of methanolic extract of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) against: Escherichia coli ,Pseudomonas spp. ,Salmonella typhi and Staphylococcus aureus .The results showed an inhibitory effect of the methanolic extract on both the growth of the tested bacteria . E.coli was more sensitive to the methanolic extract ,since the averageof diameter of inhibition zones were (19.33,20.67,21.67) mm to the concentrations of (200,300,400) mg/ml respectively while S.aureus was more resistant to methanolic extract ,since the average diameter of inhibition zones were (10.33,12,12.67)mm to the concentrations of (200,300,400)mg/ml respectively. The (MIC)of E.coli, S.typhi ,Pseudomonas spp. and S.aureus were : (0.6,1.25,2.5,5) µg/ml respectively and the (MBC) to the bacteria mentioned above were (1.25,2.5,5,10) µg/ml respectively.


Article
Optimization of passively ruby laser pulse width Q-switched by Cr:YSO solid state saturable absorber.
التشغيل الامثل لنبضة ليزر الياقوت العامل بالنمط المفتاحي السلبي مع بلورة Cr:YSO الماصة المشبعة

المؤلفون: Qasim Hassan Ubaid
الصفحات: 70-75
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The optimization of simulation ruby laser passively Q-switched with Cr:YSO solid state saturable absorber have been investigated numerically, using constrained Rosenbrock optimization technique. The output pulse width is 23.46 ns. The optimum values of some rate equations parameters (γc, γa and β) were found under the optimization technique. The relation of γc parameter with Cr:YSO solid state saturable absorber molecules number and pulse width have been predicted.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and characterization of new Ligand Azo 2,2[O-Tolidine--4,4-bis azo ]bis[4,5-diphenyl imidazole and Liquid – Liquid extraction of Cobalt ion (II)
تحضير احد كواشف الأزو الجديد ة2,2¯[O-Tolidine-4,4¯-bis azo bis[4,5-diphenyl imidazole واستخدامه لاستخلاص سائل –سائل لايون الكوبلت الثنائي

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The present paper reports the preparation of the New Ligand of azo imidazole 2,2[O-Tolidine-4,4-bis azo ] bis [4,5-diphenyl imidazole, by reacting adiazonium salt of O-Tolidine with the starting material (4,5-diphenyl imidazole ) . Utility of (MBBAI) was extracting reagent in the solvent extraction of the CoII was investigated, The effect of different parameters on the percent of extraction &extraction coefficient such as type of medium ; time of equilibration , concentration of metal ; reagent, type of solvent , effect of batch extraction , salting out , effect of some cations & anions effect of temperature . The function of thermodynamic parameter of (∆H,∆G,∆S)were calculated . The stoichiometry of the extraction is determined using tow methods Mol ratio method & Jobs′ method. It was found to be (M:L) (1:2) . The stability constant of complex in Mol ratio method was calculated . The study of UV-Visible & FT-IR spectra were studied both of reagent & complex in organic phase . At last the new study for determination of Co (II) ion organic phase was began .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE MUSIC DELIVERY IN THE ABBASID ERA (447H-656H) (TRIAL IN MODERNIZATION)
الأداء الموسيقي في شعر العصور المتأخرة محاولات في التجديد

المؤلفون: سعد جبار مشتت
الصفحات: 74-80
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

No one of the researchers studied the rhythm in the late Abbasid ear(447hH-656H) because of thy believe the poetry is dead ,so that we study the music of it, and we devised it in two part : The first part will be study the rhyme and show the new elements of it. And the other part discusses the rhythm and rhetorical arts which have an important role in crystallizing the music of the. in the last No one of the researchers studied the rhythm in the late Abbasid ear(447hH-656H) because of thy believe the poetry is dead ,so that we study the music of it, and we devised it in two part : The first part will be study the rhyme and show the new elements of it. And the other part discusses the rhythm and rhetorical arts which have an important role in crystallizing the music of the. in the last of our prayer is praise be to God, the lore of the worlds , and prayer and peace be upon His honest Mohammad and his honorable household of our prayer is praise be to God, the lore of the worlds , and prayer and peace be upon His honest Mohammad and his honorable household.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study the Correlation of Anti-gliadin IgA & IgG with Iron & Total Iron Binding Capacity & Albumin in sera of Patients with Celiac Disease

المؤلفون: Aliaa H. Farag AL-Mosawi
الصفحات: 76-81
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Celiac disease (CD) is characterized by malabsorption of nutrients , chronic inflammation and damage of small intestinal mucosa caused by the ingestion of gliadin fraction of wheat gluten and barley . Since the anemia its diagnosis the CD, therefore were measured iron, total iron binding capacity(T.I.B.C.) , and its relationship with antigliadin IgG,IgA and serum albumin. Thirty patients with CD were studied and compared with twenty healthy individuals. Significant elevation of iron and albumin and anti-gliadin IgG,IgA were observed in the sera of patients with CD compared with the control group. Also a significant negative correlation between anti-gliadin IgG,IgA and iron were found in the sera of patients with CD while a non significant correlation were found between albumin and anti-gliadin IgG,IgA in the sera of patients with CD.

الكلمات الدلالية

iron --- total iron binding capacity --- anti-glaidin IgG --- IgA --- albumin --- celiac disease


Article
التقاء السـاكنين في الأبنية الصرفية

المؤلفون: جاسـم مولى محسَّـر
الصفحات: 81-89
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

this research is based on a group of matters which deal with the aspects of analysis on the structural conjugation and the manifestation of extent of harmony and coincidence between Arabic sounds and the study of this relationship through one of the important properties in Arabic . it is the phenomenon necessitated by getting rid of the meeting of two consonants in these structures . this has given the history of Arabic language and its development what may be considered the language of al-koran the elevated language in clearness and obligation . from the most distinctive phenomena that appeared through the study of the meeting of two consonants in the inflectional structure was the phenomenon of omitting the light stressed noon . what this phenomenon reflected from vocal motives was the reason for omission when the non as consonant letters is met with a vowel in al-dhamma and al-kasrah . with the illustration of evidences they make clear the permissibility of omission and the abstention of it in other positions. the two phenomena of tanween and diphthong also appeared and both were stndied in the framework of getting two consonants together where the omission of tanween is determined by three phases : first :the tanween is omitted by the meeting of two consonants being similar to the omission of noon . second :it is similarity to the proper nouns.third :when omitted by necessity .as for diphthony its occurrence leads to the meeting of long vocal syllable .in the occurrence of two voiceless sounds vanishes according to whom he is not doing the diphthong as is the case with the higazians or with others who were permitting diphthong where I presented a group of examples . the pronunciations referred to was that the Arabic method of long vocal syllables permits the meeting of two consonant sounds with an indication to the necessary reasons for that.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
3-D Finite Element Analysis Of Effect Cutting Edge Geometry on Cutting Forces ,Effective Stress , Temperature And Tool Wear In Turning
تأثير الشكل الهندسي لعدة قطع على قوى القطع , الاجهاد المؤثر , ودرجة الحرارة والبلى الحاصل في عملية الخراطة باستخدام تحليل العناصر المحددة ثلاثي الابعاد.

المؤلفون: رحيم سعدون جميل
الصفحات: 82-98
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The problem of tool wear monitoring in machining operations, has been an active area of research for quite a long time. The accurate prediction of tool wear is important to have a better product quality and dimensional accuracy. In cutting tools the area close to the tool tip is the most important region and conditions at the tool tip must be carefully examined, if improvements in tool performance are to be achieved In this study, 3-D finite element modeling of precision hard turning has been used to investigate the effects of cutting edge micro-geometry on tool forces, temperatures , stresses and tool wear in machining of AISI 1045 steel using uncoated carbide inserts with four distinct edge preparations. Three type of edge preparation are redesign by using software solid work 2008 , 1-honed edge(0.25 ,0.5 , 0.75 mm) , 2-chamfer (0.025 ,0,05 ,0.075 mm) , 3-land (150 and 0.05 ,0.1 ,0.2 ,0.3 mm) . Also perfectly sharp edge which is not prepared and redesign . Simulation results for Hone micro-geometry inserts have tendency to result in lower forces, hence lower tool wear. Chamfer micro-geometry provides higher localized stress concentration. The highest stress and strain on workpiece occurred in the primary shear zone due to the highest deformation in this region, followed by the secondary shear zone. The maximum generated temperature was also found on secondary shearing zone .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Depleted Uranium As One of Nuclear Waste on The Collapse of The Immune System and The Spread of Cancerous Diseases and the impact of higher cost through treatment
تاثير اليورانيوم المستنفذ كاحد المخلفات النوويه على انهيار النظام المناعى وانتشار الامراض السرطانيه والاثر الكلفوى العالى عند المعالجه

المؤلفون: عباس على محمود --- ايمان محمد عبد اللة
الصفحات: 88-101
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Depleted uranium )enrichment less than about 0.7%( is obtained from the nuclear waste obtained from civil power stations or nuclear reactors used for military purposes or reactors used for scientific purposes. The ratio of uranium effective is between 0.2 –0.3% .It has a high capacity for penetration and leading to high temperature more than ten thousand degrees celsius . It is very harmful to human health. When human body exposure to its effect leads to collapse the immune system and causing different diseases. This article focuses on the effect of adverse effect of uranium radiation on people of Babylon city .Tests were made by an environmental specialist team. Researchers were conducted the statistical analysis of cancer patients number distributed in all areas of the city. Data were taken from Morgan hospital . Comparison between regions of city center show that there is highest injury severity in some areas but not the other. The highest intensity of infection is directly proportional to the intensity of concentration of uranium in the soil. Comparison is made also between the center and its districts.


Article
Scheduling job families with setups on a single machine

المؤلفون: Hussam Abid Ali Mohammed
الصفحات: 99-113
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Many sequencing problems have a combinatorial nature and they are very difficult to optimality within acceptable computation times. We consider the problem of scheduling jobs on a single machine minimize the maximum completion time and maximum weighted earliness time. The jobs partitional into families, and a setup time is necessary for scheduling the fest job and when there is a switch in processing jobs from one family to jobs of another family. And to solve this problem we suggested method heuristic to compare and test different local search method.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تاثير مستويات النتروجين في بعض الصفات النوعية لعدة تراكيب وراثية من الرز Oryza sativa L. في النجف

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted at Mishkab Rice Research Station at Al-Najaf Governorate during the summer season of 2009 , to investigate the effect of nitrogen levels (0,60,120,180)kg N/ha on quality of some Rice genotypes(Anbbar-33,Yassamen,China5 and T85). The layout of the experiment was a split-plot in a Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) with three replications.Nitrogen levels were the main plots while, genotypes were the sub-plots. Nitrogen level of 180 kg/ha gave the highest values of highest total milling percentage,brown rice,bran rice and grain hardness. while , it decreased the percentage of white rice and broken grains percentage compared with the 0 kg N/ha level. Yassamen genotype gave higher extraction rate(66.4%)when received 180 kg N/ha.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Performance level of Extension -agriculture of the Agricultural Employees in the Province of Nineveh and its relation with some variables
مستوى الأداء الإرشادي الزراعي للموظفين الزراعيين في محافظة نينوى وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The study of the extension performance level of the agricultural staff occupies an important place in the extension studies in the field of agricultural sciences .The agricultural employees represent the mainstay of the extension work and the base of the pyramid .So, their performance should be recognized and work to raise their efficiency thus ,this study was to achieve the following objectives : 1-Identifying the correlation between the level of performance of the agricultural employees in Nineveh province and each of the following independent variables (age, sex, marital status, academic qualifications, growing) ,specialized in agricultural extension ,job title,the administrative assignment ,work location ,the duration of the career service ,the duration of the extension service ,training during service time, the work nature ,the material work conditions, efforts assessment and the organizational weather). 2-Determining the relationship between the level of the agricultural employees and independent factors in the province of Nineveh . The study community included agricultural employees working with the agricultural circles and departments in the province of Nineveh ,who were 565 agricultural employees . A random sample was taken in a proportion of 35% of the agricultural employees to be the number of (198) employees.The information were collected via a questionnaire by interviewing and post. The results of the study get to (48) extension works approved by expert teachers from the department of the agricultural extension and transferring the agricultural techniques of the college of agriculture and forestry and the teachers of the department of business administration at the college of administration and economics and the teachers of the department of psychology at the college of education and the teachers of the department of sociology at the college of arts at the university of Mosul. The study results showed that there is a positive significant relationship between the level of performance and each of the following independent variables : The duration of the extension service, training, the nature of the work, the material circumstances of the work, efforts assessment and the organizational weather . The study results showed that there is a negative significant relationship between the level of performance and the duration of the career service .The study results showed also that there is a positive insignificant relationship between the level of performance and the following independent variables : The marital status and the administrative assignment .The results showed that there is a negative insignificant relationship between the level of performance and the following independent variables (age, sex, the educational level, growing, specialization, the job title, the work location) .The study illustrated that the factor (the nature of the work) was the most contributive factor in explaining the variation in the level of performance ,followed by the factor (the organizational weather) and (the duration of the extension service) then (the duration of the career service) ,and then (in-service training) and finally (the assessment of efforts) .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis, Characterization, of mixed ligand Complexes of (Anthranilic Acid and Nicotinamide) with Mn(II), Co(II),Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) Cd(II), Hg(II) and pd(II)
تحضير وتشخيص معقدات مختلطة الليكاند من (حامض الانثرانيلك والنيكوتين امايد) مع Mn(II),Fe(II),Co(II),Ni, Cu(II), Zn(II) Cd(II), Hg(II) and pd(II)

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The research includes the synthesis and identification of type mixed ligand complexes of M+2 Ions using amino acid (anthranilic acid) a primary ligand and nicotinamide as secondary ligand. The mixed ligand complexes of composition, Cl [M(NA)2(A)] Where anthranilic acid (C7H7NO2) symbolized as AH and nicotinamide(C6H7N2O) symbolized (NA) .The ligand and the metal chlorides were brought in to reaction at room temperature in ethanol as solvent .The reaction required the following molar ratio ](- [(1:2:1)(metal:2NA : A- ]with M+2 ions, where M(II)  Mn(II), Co(II),Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) Cd(II), Hg(II) and pd(II) The results showed that the deprotonated ligand( anthranilc acid ) to anthranilate ion ( A) by using (NaOH) coordinated to metal ions as bidentate ligand through the oxygen atom of the carboxylate group (COO), and the nitrogen atom of the amine group (NH2), where the nicotinamide coordinated as a monodentate through the nitrogen atom

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تحضير وتشخيص معقدات ايونات الخارصين و الكادميوم والزئبق (ثنائية التكافؤ) مع قاعدة شيف مشتقة من[(4-امينو)انتيبايرين[

المؤلفون: ابتهال كاظم كريم
الصفحات: 124-135
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The work included preparation of Schiff Base ligand (PhHPI) derived from condensation reaction of (4- Amino Antipyrine)with p-hydroxy benzaldehyde and the product react with (2-amino pyrimidin) .Three chelate complexes have also been prepared by reacting the ligand with the metal ions Zn(II),Cd(II and Hg(II). The preparation has been conducted after fixing the optimum conditions of concentration .U.V- visible spectra of the complex solutions of the above metal ions have been studied for a range of concentration which obey lampert-Beers rule .The structures of complexes are deduced according to mole ratio method .The ratio of metal: ligand obtained are (1:2) for all complexes. The stability of complexes in solution were also studied.(UV-Vis) absorption spectra of ethanolic solution of complexes showed bathchromic shift. The infrared spectra of the chelating complexes have been studied We can conclude that the proposed geometrical structures of the complexes of Zn(II) Cd(II)and Hg(II) ions are tetrahedral.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A study of some blood hematology for different genetic groups of Sheep In Iraq
دراسة بعض صفات الدم لمجاميع وراثية مختلفة من الاغنام في العراق

المؤلفون: Abd Alkareem Abd Reda Hobi
الصفحات: 125-141
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was conducted to assess the normal values of some biochemical constituents in blood serum of different genetic group of sheep Turkish Awassi . Assaf. Assaf X Local Awassi, Turkish X Local Awassi for both sexes From 2-month to 15 month of age . Overall mean values of Alkaline phosphates (ALP) for the different breeds and their crosseswas 40.1 KAU 100 ml and those for males and females were 41.1and 38.8KAU/100ml).Respectively. Overall values of GOT (67.9) was higher than that for GPT ( 40.3 ) across different breeds , ages and sexes .The values of total protein for all ages was 6.4 g 100 ml. The highest values were recorded at 12 months of age for Turkish X Local Awassi and for Local Awassi (7.8 and 7.7 g 100 ml. respectively ). Overall mean values of serum albumin was 47.4%) for different ages and different breeds and their crosses studied. Serum albumin for males and females was 46.0 and 49.0% , respectively). Values of a-globulin percent among different breeds and between males and females were found to be not signify- cant.No consistent significant differences were found either among breeds or between sexes for both the (Beta and Kamma globulin percents. The blood status studied were within normal range among the different breeds and their crosses , these values show that there is at least no pathological conditions , and fluctuation within normal range This indicate that pin physiological regulatory mechanisms are functioning well and those animals are able to adapt to various climatic conditions of Iraq . The reported blood values in the present study could serve as reference values in study blood biochemistry of Iraqi , Assaf, as well as Turkey sheep under different experimental and physiologically conditions

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
التأثير الوقائي لزيت الكرفس في معالجة التسمم المستحث بخلات الكادميوم في الجرذان البيض

المؤلفون: أفياء صباح ناصر الحمداني
الصفحات: 136-144
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

الخلاصة : أجريت هذه الدراسة في البيت الحيواني التابع إلى كلية العلوم/جامعة الكوفة وذلك لإثبات تأثير تناول زيت الكرفس عن طريق الفم ضد سمية خلات الكادميوم التي يسببها في الجرذان البيض. وضعت ذكور الجرذان في أقفاص معدنية ذات الأبعاد 40x30x15 سنتمتر ويتراوح وزنها 230-250 غم بواقع 4 جرذان / قفص , وزعت إلى خمسة مجاميع مع مجموعة سيطرة مشتركة جرعت الماء المقطر فقط . المجموعة الأولى جرعت 20 ملغم/كغم خلات الكادميوم ولمدة 30 يوما وأطلق عليها المجموعة المعاملة بخلات الكادميوم . في المجموعة الثانية جرعت نفس التركيز من خلات الكادميوم وزيت الكرفس بجرعة 500 ملغم/كغم ولمدة 30 يوما في حين جرعت المجموعة الثالثة نفس التركيز من خلات الكادميوم وزيت الكرفس بجرعة 1000 ملغم/كغم ولمدة 30 يوما أما المجموعة الرابعة جرعت 500 ملغم/كغم زيت الكرفس فقط و لمدة 30 يوما .أما المجموعة الخامسة جرعت 1000 ملغم/كغم زيت الكرفس فقط و لمدة 30 يوما . أشارت النتائج في المجموعة الأولى حدوث انخفاض معنوي في معدل وزن الجسم والكبد والكلى بالمقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة . يلاحظ في مجموعتي زيت الكرفس وخلات الكادميوم تحسن كبير في معدل وزن الجسم والكبد والكلى في الجرذان مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة .وبينت النتائج أيضا حدوث انخفاض كبير في معدل تركيز هيموكلوبين الدم وعدد كريات الدم الحمر ومعدل مكداس الدم وحصول زيادة كبيرة في معدل عدد خلايا الدم البيض في مجموعة الحيوانات المعاملة بخلات الكادميوم مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة ، في حين أظهرت المجاميع المعاملة بزيت الكرفس وخلات الكادميوم تحسن واضح في معدل تركيز الهيموكلوبين وعدد كريات الدم الحمر ومعدل مكداس الدم وانخفاض في عدد خلايا الدم البيض بالمقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة . إضافة إلى ذلك أشارت النتائج حصول زيادة معنوية في معدل فعالية إنزيمي الكبد (Aspartate aminotransferase (AST و Alanine aminotransferase(ALT) و((ALP Alkaline phosphatase في مجموعة الحيوانات المعاملة بخلات الكادميوم مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة في حين حصل انخفاض معنوي في معدل فعالية إنزيمات الكبد في مجموعتي الحيوانات المعاملة بزيت الكرفس وخلات الكادميوم بالمقارنة مع السيطرة , كما نلاحظ حدوث زيادة معنوية في معدل تركيز البروتينات الدهنية في مجموعة الحيوانات المعاملة بخلات الكادميوم مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة أما المجاميع المعاملة بزيت الكرفس وخلات الكادميوم نلاحظ زيادة واضحة في تركيز البروتينات الدهنية في مصل الدم ووصولها إلى المستوى الطبيعي . وأخيرا أن النتائج المذكورة أعلاه تدل على التأثير الوقائي لزيت الكرفس المعطى عن طريق الفم ضد سمية الكادميوم المستحث في الجرذان البيض . Abstract: This study was accrued in the animal house of science collage/kufa university for conducted to demonstrate the effect of oral administration of celery oil against Cadmium acetate induced toxicity in albino rats.The male white albino rats 230-250 g were housed in standard metal cages 40x30x15 cm in average 4 rats/cage. The experimental rats 4 in each group distributed into five experimental groups with a shared control group received only normal saline orally. In first group a received dose 20 mgkg of cadmium acetate was orally administrated to the rats for 30 days. In second group, the same concentrations of cadmium acetate and celery oil in dose 500 mgkg were administered into the experimental rats for 30 days.In third group, the same concentrations of cadmium acetate and celery oil in dose 500 mgkg were administered into the experimental rats for 30 days and fourth group a received dose 500 mgkg of celery oil only was administered into the experimental rats for 30 days .finally in the fifth group a received dose 1000 mgkg of celery oil only was administered into the experimental rats for 30 days.The data indicated that, in experimental Cadmium acetate treated rats, the average of the body weight, liver and kidney were decreased compared with control group received normal saline only. Moreover, Celery oil and cadmium acetate group showed a significant improvement of , the average of the body weight, liver and kidney in the rats compared with cadmium acetate treated rats. Blood hemoglobin , red blood corpuscles count, packed cell volume were significantly decreased and the white blood cells account was significantly increased in cadmium acetate treated rats compared with control group, while the groups celery oil and cadmium acetate increased the blood physiological parameters(Hb,RBC,PCV) and decrease WBC count in the treated rats.As well as the enzymes activities of serum Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) , Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were significantly increased by orally administration of cadmium acetate compared with control group, while adding Celery oil and cadmium acetate decreased the high levels of these enzymes comparing with the control group. Cadmium chloride administration resulted in a high concentration of lipoprotein in the serum comparison to control group, adding celery oil and the cadmium chloride restored the levels of these markers to their normal levels in comparing to Cadmium acetate treated rats. These results demonstrated that celery oil had a protective effect against the toxicity induced by cadmium acetate. Finally: the above results indicated a protective effect of celery oil administration against cadmium induced toxicity in the white albino rats.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ELASTIC BUCKLING OF PLATES UNDER IN-PLANE PATCH LOADING USING FINITE DIFFERENCE METHOD
الانبعاج المرن للصفائح تحت تأثير رقعة التحميل المستوية باستخدام طريقة الاختلافات المحددة

المؤلفون: Jawad T. Abodi
الصفحات: 142-150
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The present study investigates the problem of linear buckling of thin steel plates subjected to in-plane patch compression loading. The stability problem treated using finite difference method. The present procedure is general and applicable to the buckling and free vibration of thin rectangular plates with various thickness variations. The influences of thickness variation, plate aspect ratios, and boundary conditions, and length of patch loading on the buckling load are shown graphically. The plate was analyzed with different tapering ratios (ta/to) (1.0, 1.25, 1.5, 1.75, and 2.0), so different lengths of axial patch loading (bp/b)(1.0-0.4) were taken. A comparison with previous works is made. Finally, it is shown that the buckling load factor will increase with decreasing length of axial patch loading where the decreasing the length of axial patch loading to 0.4 will increase the buckling load factor by about 40% for plate with aspect ratio (a/b=1) and tapering ratio (ta/to=1.0).

الكلمات الدلالية

Linear buckling --- Thin plates --- Tapered plates --- Patch compression --- Finite Difference method


Article
Role of Nitrogen and Zinc in nutritional state of fenugreek plant (Trigonella foenum – graecum L .) .
دور النتروجين و الزنك في الحالة الغذائية لنبات الحلبة(Trigonella foenum – graecum L. )

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

An experiment was carried out in the green house of Biology Department/ College of Education Ibn-Al-Haitham / University of Baghdad by using plastic pots with capacity of 4 Kg soil , the experiment was designed according to a completely randomized design(CRD) with three replications. The experiment was conducted to study the influence of foliar application of four concentrations of Urea(46%)as a source of nitrogen (zero ,500 , 1000 , 2000) ppm , and three concentrations of Zinc Sulphate as a source of zinc (zero,25, 50 ) ppm and their interaction on the elements concentrations (nitrogen , phosphorus , potassium , calcium and magnesium) in the vegetative part of Fenugreek plant cultivar(Indian). The aim was also to assess their effect on (No.of grains/plant)and (seeds yield /plant). Results indicated that foliar application of Urea and Zinc sulphate and their interactions gave significantly effect on the nutritional and the yield status of Fenugreek plant particularly in the case of the concentration 1000 ppm Urea and 50 ppm Zinc sulphate which gave the best values of characteristics studied .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Isolation of Some Pathological Agents Cause Diarrhea Among Children In Al-Kufa City-Iraq
عزل بعض المسببات الامراضية لمرض الإسهال بين الأطفال في الكوفة

المؤلفون: Abdul-Razzaq Y. Al-Fatlawy
الصفحات: 151-156
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The study was conducted to investigate some pathological agents caused diarrhea in children under five years age ,there were collected as (960) samples from cases of diarrhea for children auditors to the out-patient of Primary health care, (Kufa city), conducted from January, (2005) to January, (2007). Results of the study showed that the number of infected children was 440 in 2005 dispersed in (216) males and (214) females, from the total number there were 79(18%) cases bottle feeding without boiled water ,comparison with (520) in 2006 dispersed in (270) males and (250) females, from the total number there were 119 (22.88%) cases were bottle feeding without boiled water. Has also been investigated for the presence of chlorine in water samples isolated from different sources (river, tanks and water tap ) by Chlorine Diethyl Paraphenylene Diamine were less than normal or negative for all samples. It was also noted that there is a rise in the proportion of isolated parasites ,G .lamblia and E. histolytica in 2006 reaching to 140 (26.9%) , 112(21.5%) comparison with 2005 reaching to 129(29.3%), 92(20,9%) respectively,also been isolated and diagnosis of some microbial species and other variable rates which included E,coli ,motile bacteria and monilia .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تاثير مستويات النتروجين في بعض صفات النمو والحاصل لعدة تراكيب وراثية من الرز Oryza sativa L. في النجف

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The present study was conducted at Mishkab Rice Research Station at Al-Najaf Governorate during summer season of 2009 , to investigate the effect of nitrogen levels (0,60,120,180)kg N/ha on growth, yield components of some Rice genotypes(Anbbar-33,Yassamen,China5 and T85). The lagout of the experiment is a split-plot in a Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) with three replications.Nitrogen levels were the main plots while, genotypes were the sub-plots. The following results were obtained : Nitrogen level 180 kg/ha gave the highest values of number of days from sowing to physiological maturity,plant height, number of grains in panical ,number of branches/panicle, number of active tillers/ m2 , area of flag leaf,1000grain weight and paddy yield. T85 genotype was superior in trwament giving the highest grain yield(7.6 t/ha)due to higher number of active tillers/m2 and 1000grain weight . There were a significant interactions between nitrogen levels and genotyps the highest grain yield(8.6 t/ha) were obtaind from genotypeT85 received 180kg N/ha.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Certain Properties of Fuzzy Subgroup

المؤلفون: Hadi Jaber Mustafa, --- Bassim Kareem Mihsin --- Haider Baker Ameen.
الصفحات: 157-170
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

In this paper, we study certain properties of fuzzy subgroup many basic propertiesin group theory carried over on fuzzy group

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Comparative Effects of Ocimum Basilicum ( Dried Leaves and Seeds) as Feed Adittives to Oxytetracycline on Broiler .
مقارنة تاثير نبات الريحان ( الاوراق المجففة والبذور ) كاضافات غذائية بديلة للاوكسي تتراسايكلين على اداء فروج اللحم

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This work aimed to study the effects of different concentration of dried leaves and seeds of Basel as feed additives and an alternative to antibiotics on broiler performance , which have ant inflammatory ,antibacterial and others medical effects. These experiment used ( 60) broilers chicks of one day age type Hubbard, The chicks divided randomly into ( 4) groups and each group of ( 15) chicks. The study showed the effects of different concentration of basil dried leaves given in 0.20% ,and 0.40% as feed additives , comparated with antibiotic addition of oxytetracycline 40 ppm ,. T0, T1 , T2 , T3 , and T0 as control . Parameters of weight of chicks, feed consumption , feed conversion and weight gain . The result showed the chicks fed Basil diets had significantly improved the performance of broilers than those of the control.It would suggested that the supplementation of broiler chicks with diets 2g/ kg – 4 g/ kg of Basil improved production performance and as alternative to the antibiotics as feed additives

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
استخدام بكتيريا Bifidobacterium spp. كمعزز حيوى تجاة نمو بعض البكتريا المعوية

المؤلفون: مهدى حسين محيل العمار
الصفحات: 169-177
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The ability of bacteria Bifidobacterium spp to produce the secondary metabolism ( antimicrobial activity) were tested and to consider its activity in inhibition the growth of enteric pathogenic bacteria which is represented by ( Shigella dysenteriae, Esherichia coli Enterobacter cloacae, Salmonella typhi , Proteus mirabilis , Klebsiella pneumonia). The study revealed that the growth of bacteria was influenced by many factors when producing these compounds such as temperature , O2 , and pH as well as the cultural media through the process of bacterial counting . The best production of antimicrobial agents was recorded when the count of bacteria were 1×109 cell / ml . The inhibition activity of bacterial cells against tested bacteria were less than cell filtrate supernatant .We also used different compounds from CFS in the contrastive study . The activity increased to reach its maximum at the concentration 100 mg / ml which has the ability to inhibition the growth of all types of bacteria with diameters inhibition zone ranged from (24.5- 13) mm.. The bacteria also has the ability to adhesion . The rate of adhesion was (60-70) % and also the value of MIC and MBC was specified . The amount of MIC was 25 mg / ml and the mount of MBC 50 mg / ml , the LD50 was also specified and its percentage was 1000 mg / ml . So the use of this CFS is safe from a hygienic point of view

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Dimethylsulfoxide and Betaine on duplex polymerase chain reaction of human beta-globin gene amplification

المؤلفون: Zuhair Mohammad Ali Jeddoa
الصفحات: 171-177
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

A variety of additives and enhancing agents can be included in PCR amplifications to increase yield, specificity and consistency of PCR products. Blood samples were collected from (35) apparently healthy individual for DNA extraction and duplex PCR amplification according to the four different PCR component set up include: 1- standard set up (without PCR additives), 2- standard PCR set up plus 5% DMSO, 3- standard PCR set up plus 1M betaine, and 4- standard PCR set up plus 5% DMSO and 1M betaine. The results revealed that the standard optimization condition of duplex PCR amplification is enough to reveal a good PCR amplification of human beta-globin gene, and the studied PCR additives are useful in improvement of amplification in combination of 5 % DMSO and 1 M betaine.

الكلمات الدلالية

Polymerase chain reaction --- PCR; PCR additives --- Dimethylsulfoxide --- Betaine


Article
DWT-DCT-Based Watermarking Technique

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This research proposes a watermarking scheme for digital images. It uses a discrete wavelet transform (DWT) prior to the Discrete Cosine transform (DCT) to provide better imperceptibility in harmony with the human visual system, and higher robustness against signal processing attacks. In this research, DWT is implemented for the cover image, and then applying the DCT to the DWT sub bands, binary watermark (payload) is modulated by exclusive-or (XOR) operation with a key to increase the security of the system and then embedding in the middle frequency DCT coefficients. The key is secret and stored inside the cover image to increase the robust of the system.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Gibberellic acid concentration and superphosphate fertilizer level and their interaction in some growth characteristics of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.)
تأثير تركيز حامض الجبريليك و مستوى السماد الفوسفاتي وتداخلاتهما في بعض مؤشرات النمو لنبات (Trigonella foenum graecum L.) الحلبة (الصنف المحلي)

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

An expeiment was conducted in the green house of Department of Biology / in College of Education Ibn – Al – Haitham / Baghdad University for the growth season (2008 – 2009)to study the effect of four concentrations of gibberellic acid ( 0,25,50,100 ) ppm and three levels of concentrated triple superphosphate ( 0.25 , 0.50 , 1.00 ) gm / pot on some c.v local characteristics related to Fenugreek plant (Trigonella foenum graecum L.) in which cultivated in pots of ( 5 kg ) soil per pot. The experiment was performed according to complete random design ( CRD) and three repeated whereby the experiment has included (36) pots. The results showed that the concentration of (50) ppm of gibberellic acid and the level of (0.50) gm / pot of superphosphate led increase to a significant increase in dry weight , plant height , number of branches per plant-1 ,increase number of pods and percentage of protein of fenugreek plant.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Some Chemical and Biological Treatments on The Growth of Aspergillus niger Van Tieghem Causing Black Mould Disease on Onion
تأثير بعض المعاملات الكيميائية والإحيائية في نمو الفطر Van Tieghem Aspergillus niger المسبب لمرض العفن الأسود Black Mould على البصل

المؤلفون: علي عبد الهادي ماهود
الصفحات: 185-196
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study aimed to find the effective means to protect onion bulbs from Black Mould disease caused by the fungus Aspergillus niger in natural circumstances storage through testing the efficiency of some chemical treatments (Moncut, Urea) and biological treatments (Trichoderma harzianum, T. viride)) on the growth of A. niger. The results showed the efficiency of chemical and biological treatments that used in the inhibition of radial growth of A. niger on the Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) as the percentage of inhibition reached 100 % at concentration 2 gm/L for Moncut, As for Urea, the rate of the diameters of the colonies at the concentration 15 gm/L reached about 13.97 mm with percentage of inhibition reached 84.47 %, while the rates of the diameters of the colonies reached 12.16 mm with percentage of inhibition reached 86.48 % at concentrations 15 % in the treatment of antagonistic fungus filtrate T. harzianum and reached 13.43 mm with percentage of inhibition reached 85.07 % at concentration 15 % in the treatment of antagonistic fungus filtrate T. viride in measuring with the Control treatment which the rate of the diameters of the colonies reached 90.00 mm, The results also showed that T. harzianum and T. viride have a higher antagonism ability against A. niger on (PDA). The results of the storage experiment had cleared efficiency of chemical and biological treatments that used in reducing the percentage of bulbs infection with fungus A. niger after the expiration of the storage which reached 3 months, and was treated bulbs with Moncut are more efficient which reduced the percentage of bulbs infection to 4.34 %, followed by treatment antagonistic fungus filtrate T. harzianum, which reduced the percentage to 12.76 %, and the results also showed that no significant differences between the antagonistic fungus filtrate T. viride and Urea treatments in reducing the percentage of bulbs infection at the level of possibility 5 % as reached (19.14-22.91) % respectively in measuring with the treatment of the Control which the percentage of bulbs infection reached 62.5 %, As for the effect of chemical and biological treatments on the weight of the bulbs, the results showed the efficiency of various treatments in maintaining the normal rate of bulbs weight as reached 493.6 gm in the treatment of Moncut while ranged between (478.5-485.8) gm in the treatment of antagonistic fungi filtrate T. viride and T. harzianum respectively, while reached 435.4 gm in the treatment of Urea in measuring with treatment of the Control which was the percentage of bulbs infection reached 284.2 gm.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of Liquid – Liquid Extraction of lanthanum(III)ion by derivative of amino acid N-Acetylcysteine.
دراسة في استخلاص سائل – سائل لأيون اللانثانوم الثلاثي بأستخدام اسيتايل- سستائين - N مشتق الحامض الأميني

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The study of liquid - liquid extraction of lanthanum (III) with derivative of amino acid N-Acetyl-cysteine that refers by (NAC) had been made. The effect of different parameters on the percent of extraction and distribution ratio such as type of medium ; time of equilibration , type of solvent , effect of some cations and anions, effect of redox agents , enrichment extraction , concentration of metal ; reagent, effect of batch extraction, salting out , and effect of temperature . The function of thermodynamic parameter of (ΔH , ΔG , ΔS) were calculated .The stoichiometry of the extraction was determined using two methods Mole ratio and Job' s methods. It was found to be (M: L) (1:3). The stability constant of complex in mole ratio method was calculated. The study of UV-visible and FT-IR spectra were studied for both the reagent and complex in organic phase. Other physical constant namely such as temperture,melting point and specific conductivity

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير بعض خواص التربة على تأكل الأنابيب المعدنية الناقلة للمياه

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The corrosion phenomenon is one of the major problems facing the operation and maintenance of water (potable water, waste water) systems . Therefore , this study concentrates on this problem. The experimental work was carried out to determine the siol corrosivity . Six iocations distributed on some districts of Babylon province were selected as a case study to evaluate soil effects on water lines corrosion . The analysis of soil involved the soil texture and their physical, chemical and biological characteristics. Different types of metal specimens(represent some parts from the water supply pipes) such as low carbon steel, cast iron, galvanized steel and stainless steel were chosen to perform these tests. The weight loss of the specimens was measured at the end of every month through the testing period. The results show that the soil can be classified as aggressive soil. The corrosion(loss) rate of the specimens are: low carbon steel 14%, cast iron 4%, galvanized steel 3%, and stainless steel 0.9%. Also the accumulative value of loss weight for the specimens through the testing period (one year) are 1450, 340, 250 and 60mg/cm2 for the low carbon steel, cast iron, galvanized steel and stainless steel respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Lead acetate on the blood physiological criteria and the level of liver enzymes in male white rats Rattus rattus
تأثير خلات الرصاص في معايير الدم الفسلجية ومستوى إنزيمات الكبد في الجرذان البيض

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was conducted in the animal house of the Faculty of Medicine / University of Kufa on 60 male rats Rattus rattus weighing 200 g and of two months age in 2009 for the period from 1/7/2009 until 1/1/2010 to know the Lead acetate in some blood physiological criteria and the level of liver enzymes in treated animals . The results of the current study showed that there was a significant decrease in the concentration of Hemoglobin Hb and the number of Red Blood Corpuscles (RBCs) and the mean of the Packed Cell Volume( PCV) and a significant increase in the total number of white blood cells (WBCs) and the mean of Erythrocytes Sedimentation Rate( ESR). The results showed significant reductions in the Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) ,the Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) index , Color Index (CI) and Volume Index (VI), while the results showed significant increases in the level of liver enzymes Alanine amino transaminase ALT and Aspartate amino transaminase AST when compared with the control group and these effects were more pronounced at the doses of 30 mg / kg and 40 mg / kg for the period of 50 days.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Improvement of Physical and Mechanical Properties of Iraqi Gypsum Using Resole Resin

المؤلفون: Atheer Alaa Abdulhussein
الصفحات: 211-220
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The objective of the present work is to improve physical and mechanical properties of local gypsum reinforced with Resole resin. The water-gypsum ratio was kept at 45% throughout all these experiments. The prepared composites show a clear improvement in impact, compression strength and modulus of elasticity while, the bending strength is reduced when the Resole resin proportion in gypsum was increased from 2.5 to 10%. The other objective of this study was to evaluate the water absorption of Resole –gypsum composite. From the experimental results it may be concluded that swelling % was reduced when the Resole percentage in gypsum- Resole composite was increased.

الكلمات الدلالية

gypsum --- Resole --- swelling --- mechanical properties


Article
EFFECT OF SPRAYS NUMBER AND DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF MICRONITE 35 ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF EGGPLANT VAR. BERCELONE UNDER PLASTIC HOUSE CONDITIONS
تاثير عدد الرشات وتركيز السماد الورقي (ميكرونيت 35) في نمو وحاصل الباذنجان (Solanum melongena L. ) صنف برشلونة تحت ظروف البيت البلاستيكي

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Un experiment was conducted during the season of 2009/2010 to investigate the effect of sprays number (one spray , two sprays) and different concentrations of Micronite 35 and their interaction on growth and yield of Eggplant var.Bercelone. Results showed that the sprays number and the concentration of Micronite 35 and their interaction had a significant effect on vegetative growth characteristics and yield . The interaction of two sprays with 2.5 g / l of Micronite 35 gave the highest average of plant height, leaves and branches number/plant , leaf area/plant, fruits number/plant, fruit weight, yield/ plant and yield/plastic house amounted to 79.50cm, 80.11 leaf , 13.16 branch, , 192.91Dc2 , 41.28 fruit, 139.13g, 5.741kg/plant, 2.210 ton respectively. While they were 65.28cm, 40.45 leaf, 6.32 branch, 69.28 Dc2, 20.76fruit, 120.88g, 2.50kg, 0.961 ton/donum respectively at control

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Measurement of Radon-222 exhalation rate in different kinds tablet medicine samplesby Detectors CR-39
قياس نسبة انبعاث غاز الرادون-222 في عينات طبية مختلفة باستخدام كاشف الاثر النووي CR-39

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Radon-222 concentration is indicated to the uranium in medicines and the amount of uranium in medicines can damage human’s kidneys by preventing normal elimination of urea and other waste products. We measured the radon gas concentration in twenty types of medicine samples as a tablet different in origin{ (IRAQI - BAGHDAD ) , ( IRAQI – SAFA) ,) IRAQI-NINAWA(, and (IRAQI - SAMARA ) } by using alpha-emitters registrations which are emitted from radon gas in (CR-39) nuclear track detector. A number of the detectors were used with dimensions of 1x1 cm2 and with exposure time of 60 days. The detectors collected and chemically treated . we found that the radon levels in medicine samples range from (0.0077-2.1) Bq/mg.

الكلمات الدلالية

solid medicine; Radon --- nuclear track


Article
Study of Water Quality of Diyala River in some regions of Middle-Lower Basin
دراسة نوعية مياه نهر ديالى في بعض مناطق الحوض الأوسط و الحوض الأسفل

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Hydrochemistry of Diyala River (Middle-Lower Basin) was studied in order to determine the physical, chemical properties, water quality, pollution, the influence of human activities and natural processes. Ten water samples were collected along Diyala River from Kelar region to the meeting point of Diyala river and Tigris river southern Baghdad city. The physical properties included hydrogen number (pH), total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC), but in term of chemical properties, samples were chemically analyzed for cations and anions (Ca+2, Mg+2, Na+1, K+1, Cl-1, HCO3-1, SO4-2, NO3-1). The results of physical properties had been shown that the pH is within acceptable limits according to the WHO, 2006 guideline and Iraqi guideline, 2009 for drinking water, while the TDS, EC values are higher than the acceptable limits of the mentioned guidelines. The average concentrations of the following cations and anions: ( Ca+2, Na+1, Cl-1, SO4-2) are higher than acceptable limits, but the average concentrations of anions ( Mg+2, K+1,HCO3-1,NO3-1) are within acceptable limits of WHO, 2006 guideline and Iraqi guideline, 2009 for drinking water. The dominated cations in Diyala River are Na+1, Ca +2 and the dominated anions are Cl- 1, SO4-2 whereas the evaporation process is dominating in the river. The water quality is Na-Ca-Mg-SO4-Chloride, the results showed that the river water is very hard and most of the physical and chemical properties are higher than acceptable limits, so it is unsuitable for drinking. From calculating sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) the river water appear to be suitable for irrigation and it is appear to be classified as S1 Level, which is no harmful regarding sodium. It appears that the wrong use of water in Diyala basin and unprogrammed use of fertilizes, effect of trocars, the influences of industrial wastes, sewage sludge, human activities, all these factors contributed for worsen the quality of Diyala river water.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The relationship between the parameterizations of the Weibull model and the Cox hazards model by using application and simulation

المؤلفون: علي لطيف عارض
الصفحات: 228-235
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The time for an event to take place in an individual is called a survival time. familiar parametric model for this type of data is the Weibull model, which is flexible model that allows for the inclusion of covariates of the survival times , Cox proportional hazards is another model also allows for the inclusion of covariates of survival times ,the research compares estimates of the slope of the covariate in the tow models with real data for (38) patients to estimate the parameters of the models by used the maximum likelihood method for the Weibull and the Breslow method for the semi-parametric Cox proportional hazards model. When the shape parameter is known, the estimate of tow models are related with the relation ( ) .Also by using the simulation to proving this relation the data was analysis by using the program (SAS 9.1) .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Taxonomic Study on Larvae of Flies causing Myiasis on Human in Karbala Governorate
دراسة تصنيفية ليرقات الذباب المسبب للتدويد في الإنسان في محافظة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Myiasis is the infestication of live human and and vertebrate animals with dipterous larvae ,which , at least for acertain period , feed on host`s dead or living tissue , lipuid body substances, or ingested food. Larva flies are collected that causes Myiasis from human wounds. Larva stages have been reread to get adults insect for in order to reinforce the process of description and diagnosis. The number of branches for Anterior spiracles , Posterior spiracles , Peritreme, button , the order of spiracles Slits in addition to the differences in parts of cephalopharyngeal skeleton have been used in preparing keys to diagnosis the 3rd stage larva for the species that cause myiasis. Locallity records , date , of collection and hosts have been included for most species . Results recorded : Two families contain three species caused these larvae myiasis in human they are: Familly Calliphoridae contain of two species Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) and Lucilia sericata (Meigen) . Muscidae consist of onespecies Musca domestica Linnaeus . they result show case of myiasis between Chrysomya megacephala and M. domestica in women toe.the other one on men leg that’s Lucilia sericata larvae.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Controller Design for Active Suspension System for car with Unknown Mass by Using Routh-Hurwitz Criterion
تصميـم جهـاز سـيطرة لنظـام التعليـق النشـيط لسـيارة مجهولـة الكتلـة باسـتخــدام طريقــــة راوث-هيروتـز

المؤلفون: علي إبراهيم حسن
الصفحات: 236-245
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

In this paper we consider the quarter car active suspension system with unknown mass and the road disturbance . A control law was derived for achieving stability of the system and convergence that can considerably improved the ride comfort and road disturbance handling. This is accomplished by using Routh-Herwitz criterion and based on some assumptions. A mathematical proof is given to show the ability of the designed controller to ensure stability and convergence of the active suspension system and dispersion fast oscillation of system with unknown mass and road disturbances . Simulations were also performed for controlling quarter car suspension, where the results obtained from these simulations verify the validity of the proposed design.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Studying of antibacterial effect for leaves extract of Callistemon viminalis in vitro and vivo (urinary system) for rabbits
دراسة تأثير المستخلص المائي والكحولي لأوراق نبات فرشة البطل مختبرياً و حيوياً كمضاد لبعض جراثيم الجهاز البولي في الارانب

المؤلفون: Afrah. J. Abd
الصفحات: 246-254
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was designed to evaluate the effects the watery and alcoholic extracts from leaves of Callistemon viminalis in vitro to ten of pathogenic bacteria and study the alcoholic extract toward Streptococcus pneumonia on urinary system in vivo. The results showed the watery and alcoholic extracts from leaves of Callistemon viminalis have antibacterial activity against both Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureous – Streptococcus pneumonia – Staphylococcus epidermidis ) And Gram negative bacteria (Klebsilla pneumonia – Klebsilla oxytaci –Proteus vulgaricus - Escherichia coli) however the watery extract of Callistemon viminalis were more potent than alcoholic extract against pathogenic bacteria (80%) . According to results , Streptococcus pneumonia pathogen that more sensitive to ward Callistemon viminalis alcoholic extract was choosing to injected intraperitonialy as experimental infection in laboratory animals (vivo) which cause morphological and histopathological degenerative lesion of kidney cortex and medella tissue in addittion to change of renal profile test that include blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, creatinine kinase, uric acid, inaddition to calcium. but after alcoholic extract of Callistemon viminalis injected in these labratory animals cause significant improvment (p≤0.01) in the value of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, creatinine kinase and uric acid. Calcium concentration has small improvement but don't reach significant degree, histopathological studies confirm these results which include regeneration of degenerative lesion for medulla and kidney cortex with convoluted tubules tissue

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Influence of Vapor Gard and storage temperature on some storage characteristics of orange fruits local Cv.
تأثير مادة الـ Vapor Gard ودرجات الحرارة في الصفات الخزنية لثمار البرتقال المحلي تحت ظروف الخزن المبرد

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This investigation presented was to study the effect of storage temperatures ( 0 , 5 , 10 ) 0C and ventilated room as a control ( T1, T2, T3 and T0 ) and vapor gard ( 0 , 2 , 4 % ( ( VG0, VG1 and VG2 ) on some orange characteristics of orange fruits local Cv. For two months . The results showed that used of VG and Low of storage temperatures caused significantly decreases of weight loss and juice percentage , but they did not effected significantly on TSS and pH of juice fruits .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
REAL TIME DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR DIABETES MANAGEMENT
نظام يدعم اتخاذ قرار فوري لإدارة مرض السكر

المؤلفون: Elham Mohammed Thabit Abd Alameer
الصفحات: 255-276
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Diabetes is one of the most prevalent chronic mellitus which occurs when blood glucose (sugar) increases more than normal. Diabetes management has been playing an important role on preventing or delaying occurrence of the life threatening diabetes complications. By providing a roaming operation environment, internet healthcare technologies can bring efficiencies and convenience to both diabetics and relative medics on diabetes management. The remote monitoring of patients is considered an important tool in facilitating improvements in diabetes care. The system will be focusing on diabetes which results from the body makes some insulin but cannot use it properly . The patients will have access into database to enter their medical readings and queries which related with their chronic illness and they will able to receive the latest developments and recommendations to take careful and follow the medical advice by practitioners. The system will gather their medicinal data and these data will be held on a database and the system will process these data to progress of the patients. It will allow the health care provider, to make a formed healthcare decision based on the collected data. The readings of diabetes and recommendations of treatments are sent to the patient and their general practitioners. This system will have the potential to reduce healthcare costs and increase patient program compliance. It is efficient to both patients and physicians. The aim of this paper is to build of a diabetes web-based management system. It will design and develop a generic framework of real time decision support healthcare system for monitoring diabetes management. Also it will have the potential to reduce healthcare costs and increase patient program compliance. It is efficient to both patients and physicians.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Anatomical study of the petiol of the genus: Mosa l . (Mosaceae) & the genus Canna l . (Cannaceae) and it species in Iraq.
دراسة تشريحية مقارنة لسويق الورقة للجنس (Mosaceae) Mosa l . و الجنس (Cannaceae) Canna l . ونوعيه في العراق

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The Tow genus Mosa L. and Cannas L. and species C.indica and C.flaccida .in Iraq has been anatomically studied . The study includes anatomical characters of transverse section of petiole. Most anatomical characters were proved to be of diagnostic value .like the shape and distribution of vascular bundles, diameters and numbers of parenchyma tissue and pith unit ,and the shape of the tissues cells. The characters were be useful to separate the taxons, and have been studied for the first time. Figures and plate for the section were prepared for all taxons .In conclusion tow genus Mosa L. and Canna L. and tow species C.indica ,C.flaccida were recognized for Iraq.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Anatomical study of the lower and upper epidermis of the genus: Mosa l . (Mosaceae) & the genus Canna l . (Cannaceae) and it species in Iraq.
دراسة تشريحية مقارنة في البشرة العليا والسفلى لأوراق الجنس (Mosaceae) Mosa l . و الجنس (Cannaceae) Canna l . ونوعيه في العراق

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The abaxial and adaxial epiderm characteristies of leaf of the genus Mosa l . Canna l. and the two species C. indica and C. flaccida were examined in Iraq . There is many characteries were distinguished the two genus were belong to the defferent family, So most of these characters were proved to be of diagnostic vlua to the two species of the genus Canna l . the characters like the shapes , diameter and numbersof the long cell and stomata were the important to separate the two genus , and most of these characters have been studied for the first time . Figures and plantes for adaxial and abaxial epidermis were prepared for all taxon

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A Hybrid approach for Image Segmentation
الية مهجنة لتقطيع الصور

المؤلفون: Hiba Jabbar Abdulwahid Aleqabi
الصفحات: 277-286
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This research presents an improved approach for segmentation by using the relationship between pixels which are similar and discontinuous. In similarity relation ,Thresholding segmentation approach is used by finding a good threshold level .Then merging and splitting the pixels of image according to this threshold value. Then Merging the pixels that are grater or equal to the threshold value in gray level and splitting the pixels that are less than threshold value by making the value of these pixels zero so the object will be segmented. In discontinuity relation ,edge deduction is used by splitting the object using sobel operator and merging the lines by using Hough transform. The image in result will be binary image representing the object that was separated from its back ground. Finally the resultant image is an image contains the objects that has the high brightness in similarity thresholding segmentation, but in discontinuity the resulting image is objects contain high frequencies mean that the objects have many edges. Simply it is known that the background has few edges and at many times contains low frequencies so the object here will be segmented by Hough transform segmentation, and also the object that have more brightness will be segmented from the background especially when the background is less brightness. This research is very useful to construct a medicine application applied on MRI ( Magnetic Resonance Imaging ) used to recognize any tumors,….etc. this research is programmed using Visual Basic 6 and shows a good results.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Optimum Design of Evaporative Air Cooler
التصميم الامثل لمبردة هواء تبخيرية

المؤلفون: Hussain Yousif Mohammed --- Abduljaleel Hussain Abd
الصفحات: 287-299
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

In this paper, the parameters affecting thermal performance of evaporative air cooler was studied using experimental data of A.T.,Marouky[4]. Also, the research including studying the time that needed to keep the packing of air cooler wetted enough to reach the suitable temperature to avoid water growling. This was performed by using different types of packing like (carton, foam filter, palm fiber, palm pinnae, palm rachis and wooden packing).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Radiation of electron interacting with magnetic field using relativistic quantum mechanics اشعاع الكترون متفاعل مع مجال مغناطيسي باستخدام ميكانيك الكم النسبي

المؤلفون: عباس احمد علي
الصفحات: 300-314
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

We studied the interaction of an ultra-relativistic electron ) with magnetic field. The matrix elements for emmision of photon. and the Heisenberg picture are used to find the for initial and final wa've function and to find the Hesenberg operetor for emmision photon by the electeron intvacting with magnetic field. Then Using Airy-function and it's derivtive we found arelation for the intersity of electromegnetic field radinting from electron and it's distribution for various

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Some Inhibitors on Protease Extracted from Caper (Capparis spinosa L.)

المؤلفون: Nazar Abdulameer Hamzah --- Biology Mohammed Abdullah Jebor
الصفحات: 315-322
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Caper protease showed maximum activity at pH 6.0 when it was determined at various pH’s while it was no activity in pH 9.0 and 9.5. No effect of chelating agent (EDTA) on activity where as reducing reagent (Cysteine) showed perceptible effect typically at 0.7 mM. Protease was purified by (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, CM Cellulose ion exchange and Sephadex G100 size exclusion. Purification fold for three steps were 1.33, 1.96 and 4.26, respectively. The inhibitor E64 gave complete inhibition compared with other inhibitors. Finally activation energy of thiol protease to convert and denaturation were 37.24 kJ mole-1 and 129.47 respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluation the effect of x-ray on the salivary pH in case of gingivitis

المؤلفون: Wasnaa Mohammed Abdulridha
الصفحات: 323-331
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

To evaluate the effect of the x-ray on the pH of the saliva in gingivitis in compare with control group. In this study 25 patients aged between 18-35 years suffering from gingivitis, were selected, came for periodontal treatment & 10 volunteers with normal gingiva used as control group. Unstimulated Saliva collected from all patients before & after exposed to the x-ray, the salivary pH measured in both groups pre & post exposed to the x-ray. The readings showed in control group decrease in salivary pH post exposure to x-ray, analyzed by ANOVA test. There was significant difference( p- value < 0.05) in pH value pre & post exposure to the x-ray, while the readings showed in gingivitis increase in salivary pH post exposure to x-ray, analyzed by ANOVA test . There was significant difference (p- value < 0.05) in pH value pre & post exposure to the x-ray . When the salivary water exposure to the x-ray, it will analyze the following reaction: Therefore, this explains the decrease in the pH of saliva in the control group. But the calcium, phosphate & protein are high in the saliva of gingivitis patients, so the exposed of these patients to the x-ray lead to hydrolysis of salivary water to two hydroxide ions & 2 hydrogen ions. The calcium hydroxide is strong base while the carbonic acid is a weak acid, so this explains why the salivary pH increased in case of gingivitis may be reach to the 9 degree due to this strong base. pH of the saliva decreased in case of the control group while increased in case of the gingivitis.

الكلمات الدلالية

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: