Table of content

Modern Sport journal

مجلة الرياضة المعاصرة

ISSN: 00911992
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Athletic Eduction for Women
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Modern sport is a scientific magazine publishes education and physical scientific researches related to all sport and games. The first number of the magazine is published in 2002 in two volumes yearly but currently it is published in three volumes in the year. The number of the publishing reached eleven volumes in sixteen number.

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Jour.copew@uobagdad.edu.iq
JOur-copew@yahoo.com
Www.copew.uobagdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2012 volume:11 issue:18

Article
Skill is an integral part of the activity or sporting
دراسة مقارنة في تحديد مستوى أداء بعض المهارات الاساسية بالكرة الطائرة

Authors: اسماء حكمت
Pages: 1-20
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1 # Skill is an integral part of the activity or sporting event, and the game of volleyball and one of the games, which includes a set of skills, and which is imperative for the student or player's performance in the different playing positions. And taking the test and measurement an important role in determining the level of the student or the player and the degree of progress as well as determine the appropriate approach is taken, and the fact that determining the level of performance skills of students, did not take a great deal of research and evaluation, so it felt a researcher studying this problem and to stand directly on the estimated applied to students faculties of Physical Education, in order to identify the obstacles and try to find solutions for the advancement of the leveof performance skills. The goal of search: 1 - determine the level of performance of some basic skills in volleyball with the students of the faculties of physical education for girls and physicaleducation Jadiriyah. 2- Knowledge of the differences in the level of performance of some basic skills in volleyball with the students of the faculties of Physical Education and Sports Education daughters. The hypotheses were to: - There are statistically significant differences in the level of performance of some basic skills in volleyball between the of the kidneys. students I have used the descriptive method of research, and the sample consisted of (117) female students from the faculties of Physical Education and Sport Education Forum - University of Baghdad, and the results showed a weakness in the performance of my skills level of the transmitter and receiver and female kidneys.


Article
"The relationship between some variables and the accuracy of Elkinmetekih beating overwhelming skill in volleyball
العلاقة بين بعض المتغيرات الكينماتيكية ودقة مهارة الضرب الساحق في الكرة الطائرة

Authors: دحو بن يوسف
Pages: 21-41
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Abstract

sports while the University of Mostaganem - Algeria – Abstract The research aims to find out the relationship between some variables Elkinmatkih (corners of the joints - the distance - time) Accuracy and skill in beating the overwhelming volleyball and researcher assumed the existence of statistically significant correlation between some variables Elkinmatkih skill and precision multiplication overwhelming. The researcher used the descriptive method by imaging Alsnmaúa Film and analysis due to the nature of the research, and applied to the study on a sample of (08) players from the Cubs national team volleyball, has been selected intentional to match Moasfthm physical and proficient in the use of beating overwhelming, were collected Albaaanat through photography Alsnmaúa All attempts to players and for the purpose of performance evaluation and measurement of motor Elkinmatkih variables under study and the use of testing the accuracy of beating overwhelming, and has the statistical treatment using the equation of simple correlation (pearson)todeterminecorrelation. The results of a concrete and positive correlation between some variables Elkinmetekih skill and precision multiplication overwhelming, and recommends a researcher at the latest on the study variables Kinmatkih other related skill accurately beating overwhelming in volleyball. research basic terminology: Elkinmetekih variables, the accuracy of beating overwhelming, volleyball.


Article
The effect of mental calm by using some herbal medication and its effect on some physiological parameters , in the relaxation of anxiety state
تأثير أستخدام برنامج التهدئة النفسية مع بعض الاعشاب الطبية المهدئة في بعض المتغيرات الفسلجية للحد من التوتر النفسي

Pages: 42-80
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[ The effect of mental calm by using some herbal medication and its effect on some physiological parameters , in the relaxation of anxiety state ] . * Profile research : It include the introduction and the importance of the research and its problem illustrated by lack of the use of modern methods of deep breath, herbal medial usage, muscle relaxation, massage … etc . * The objective of the research : 1J Identifying the psychological anxiety and its degree by using some physiological variables (blood pressure, pulse) for Iraqi elite handball players . 2J Developing and implementing a programmer of mental calm with the usage of medical herbs to decrease the anxiety state of Iraqi elite handball players . * The researcher used the experimental method on a sample of research and number of (72) players (20) players were excluded and the remainder (52) sample were divided into two groups (experimental, control) – Each group consist of (26) player . * The results of the research 1. The mental calm of the programmer with herbal usage have a positive effect in physiological variables (blood pressure and pulse rate) . 2. This program have a positive effect on reducing anxiety before the game . * The researcher recommends by using this program ((using of herbs)) before intramce in single or popular games . * Make similar studies with other types of herbal plants and study its effect on physical and psychdogial state of the p


Article
علاقة بعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية ببعض المهارات الحركية في الجمناستك الفني

Authors: سوزان صادق داود
Pages: 81-99
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Summary It is necessary to the development of physical fitness as one of the key requirements in gymnastic artistic, which helps the player to adapt to the exercises given and the ability of the internal functions and lies the importance of research to improve the player in terms of fitness and thus improve their skills and the study was designed to identify the relationship of some components of fitness of some motor skills in gymnastic artistic has used the survey method is adequate to the nature of the problem was selected sample way intentional and included students of the second phase in the Faculty of Physical Education for Girls and of their number (40) students from the total original (86) student and after completion of the tests was processed the data according to statistical program ( spss) and analyzed in tables and discussed to achieve the research objectives and hypotheses, which is that some elements of physical fitness related to some of the skills mobility in gymnastic artistic and the conclusions and a weakness in the components of fitness, especially in the research sample, poor skill level with either the recommendations it is necessary to focus on preparing physical access to the numbers skill and attention to the conditions for admission in the Faculty of Physical Education by taking into account (weight, height, age, rate, desire, physical and skill tests) and provide everything a modern hardware and tools for the artistic gymnastic.


Article
Following a prescriptive approach and the interactive learning process, the effectiveness of e 4 × 100 m and keep,
أثر الاسلوب الامري والتبادلي في عملية تعلم فعالية البريد4 100X بريد

Authors: عمار مكي نجم
Pages: 100-128
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. Abstract in English Following a prescriptive approach and the interactive learning process, the effectiveness of e 4 × 100 m and keep, empirical research on students in the first phase / Physical Education College / University of Kufa for the academic year 2010 / 2011 Researcher M. Dr. Ammar Ali Makki star Physical Education College The study included five sections , It ensures the door first provided and the importance of research which is characterized by the effectiveness of e 4 × 100 meters from the rest of the activities of athletics as a dependent on a group of players, unlike the rest of the events that depend on one player only, and the research problem in the process of learning the process of delivery and receipt of the stick they are at maximum speed and the use of different methods in the learning process to identify the best teaching methods used in the process of receiving and delivering the stick for the students of colleges of education and sports to keep learning Aatoal period of time. As well as the objectives of the study, including identifying the best method of teaching in the education of the effectiveness of the 4 × 400meter-mail and keep it. While the second section included an explanation of some of the topics related to the objectives of the research, including the prescriptive method The interactive method and the technical phases of the effectiveness ofE-4 × 100 m and a similar study.While ensuring Title III research methodology and procedures where there searcher used the descriptive style survey either the research community students of the Faculty of Physical Education Phase I / University of Kufa for the academic year 2010 -2011 and of the 69students, and the researcher to find homogeneity of both height and weight, age, and the researcher test test before me and after me and imaging test to evaluate the performance by the expert as well as a test to identify learning retention was statistically processing data using appropriate statistical LawsAfter presenting and analyzing the results and discussed in Part IV of the tables during the researcher to several conclusions in Part V of which guarantees the several conclusions1 - that the two methods (prescriptive, interactive) a positive impact in the process of learning to maintain the effectiveness of the E-4 × 100meters. 2 - The interactive method is the best in the process of maintaining the effectiveness of e-learning 4 × 100 meters. There were a set of recommendations, including 1 - emphasis on the use of various teaching methods in the learning process. 2 - as well as the need to respect the wishes of the student and orientations in the process of using different teaching methods in the learning process because it is the shortest way to reach good results in the learning process.


Article
The impact of flexibility exercises positive and negative on the accuracy andstrength of earth stations strikes tennis ground
تأثير تمرينات المرونة الايجابية والسلبية على دقة الضربتين الارضيتين بالتنس الارضي

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The impact of flexibility exercises positive and negative on the accuracy and strength of earth stations strikes tennis ground Students on the team Anbar University M. Hammad M. Hamid Fahdawi behind the Physical Education College / University of Anbar Extract of the study: The problem lies in the performance of strikes earth stations the front and rear not weighted right arm strike This makes the performance of students is not effective, which have rehearsed the performance of a flexible and smooth movement to address this weakness, the study aims to determine the impact of exercise flexibility positive and negative effects on the accuracy and the power of strikes earth stations, and the hypothesis The exercises flexibility of positive and negative effect statistically significant on the accuracy and the power of strikes between tests before and after, and use the experimental method design groups Almtkavitin and on a sample of (10) students, either action field study was conducted pre-testing on Tuesday, 3/2/2011 m at ten am on the field outside of tennis at the College of Physical Education / University of Anbar, was carried out exercises flexibility, positive and negative over (10) weeks at the rate of two units per week, as a post-test on Sunday, 17/4/2011 m at ten am in the same venue and conditions similar to a pre-testing, to conclude that flexibility exercises developed positive and negative accuracy and strength of earth stations and strikes were positive exercise more sophisticated, and definitely recommend a researcher on the use of special exercises for flexibility Baldharptin earth stations and the rest of the skills of tennis and other games

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Article
The Effect of Application under the guidance peers and Inclusion to learn some basic skills in basketball
أثر كل من اسلوبي التضمين والتطبيق بتوجيه الاقران على تعلم بعض المهارات الاساسية في كرة السلة

Authors: رموس محمد
Pages: 161-181
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The research aims to know the impact of each of my style application guidance peers and inclusion to learn some basic skills in basketball, and suppose the researcher that all of my style application guidance peers and inclusion affect positively on learning some basic skills in basketball in question, as I suppose there is a gap as between the two methods to influence positive during learning, and the researcher used the experimental method for its relevance to the nature of the research, have been applied to study on a sample of (80) students for the second year of high school, where he was selected randomly were divided into two groups according to two methods often considered in the study and equally, Data was collected from the tests used, whether in the physical or skill after the application of the approach for each method, and were treated statistically using the t-test Student of both types to see the effect each of the two methods to learn some basic skills in basketball and also to see if there is significant difference D. statistically between them. The results on the existence of significant differences function between tests before and after each method for post-test and this shows the positive impact both in learning some basic skills in basketball, also resulted in findings of a difference D between the two methods and for the style of the application under the guidance peers in learning a skill pass chest, while there is no difference with respect to D. learn all the skill clapotement straight and skill correction of stability. 


Article
The impact of A Training curriculum using the method of Training afattri lactic acid and completion of 100m Freestyle Swimming
تأثير منهج تدريبي بأستخدام طريقة التدريب الفتري على حامض اللاكتيك وانجاز سباحة 100 م حرة

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College Of Physical Education The impact of A Training curriculum using the method of Training afattri lactic acid and completion of 100m Freestyle Swimming Submitted By Sudad Ibrahim Sehail Al Kenani Been addressed to the activies of swimming,because you need the integrity of the physical abilities and skill,functional and in particular the effectiveness of the 100 – meter freestyle, as the distance you need to the carring capacity of speed wich is characterized by severity high,so the resulting number of chemical changes,have been addressed to a variable lactic acid,either the importance of research lies in the importance of using the analysis bio chimecal during the period of training and to guide training in the right dirction,and is the research proplem in the presence of weakness in the training curriculum used due to lack of reliance on the scientific basis and not use tests bio – chemical That have impact in the identification of the level of the development and the health of sports. Has the research aims to devlop a training curriculum and to identify the impact of training curriculum in a variable lactic acid and a time of swimming 100 m freestyle.the sample of serach from swimmers aged(14-16)years,representing the national team for the 2010 -2011 seaseon as the number of respondents (7) swimmiers were selected international way,and then applied the training program which took (8 )weeks and by (3) units weekly,the researcher has reached to the method of high intensity interval training has inproved the level of achievement in the 100 – meter freestyle swimming. And also the high concentration of acid in the blood lactic after the effort.


Article
Recreational and advised units proposed in education physic and sport reducing the agressivity of the adolescents
وحدات ترويحية ارشادية مقترحة في التربية البدنية والرياضية للحد من عدوانية المراهق

Authors: تقيق جمال
Pages: 207-231
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Education,teaching and violence, three words embody the nature of human society and his career, as if human crated on the conflict between good and evil, between the rectum balanced behavior deviant behavior and violent, between the self-control and curb the instincts and the instincts of getting carried away and satisfied .Aggressive behavior is a serious problem facing many communities in the world and with the increasing phenomenon of aggression recorded our schools today frightening rise of the phenomenon within the school, as recorded in recent times more than 4273 cases of assault between students, so the topic was discussed as follows: Recreational units are proposed in the guidance of physical education and sports to reduce the aggressive adoleseents The study aims at hand to see if the shares of Physical Education and Sport supported quotas guidance psychological effect to reduce the aggressive behavior of the adolescents, participated in this study, 20 pupils aged between 17-18, where the researcher used a measure of iman Jamal al-Din in 2008 to determine the degree and the type of aggression in adolescents, the researcher suggested that exercise can be considered as embodied in the collective efforts games And combined with the methods of psychological counseling different way to adjust and guide the aggressive behavior of adolescents, as shown survived Atha and their effectiveness in reducing aggressive behavior research sample, the recommended researcher preparing integrated programs related to active sports on the one hand, and psychological counseling on the other hand derives its principles from the science relating to the nature development of the adolescent aims to address the tensions and aggressive adolescent psychiatric and behavioral disorders common among adolescents recommend that the researcher: The preparation of integrated programs related to recreational sport activities on the one hand and psychological counseling on the other hand derives its principles from the science related to the nature of the adolescent growth based on strategies aimed at alleviating tensions and aggressive adolescent psychiatric and behavioral disorders common among adolescents. Addressed to all segments of adolescents (males and females) and to all levels of study.


Article
The impact of the use of cross-training in the development of physical enough for a swim at the pulse 170 (V) and the relative efficiency of physical
تأثير التدريب المتقاطع في تطويرالكفاية البدنية الخاصة بالسباحة عند النبض 170 pwc

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The impact of the use of cross-training in the development of physical enough for a swim at the pulse 170 (V) and the relative efficiency of physical Include the introduction of research and its importance on the importance of swimming and cross training and the extent of their impact in improving the functions of the heart and circulatory system respiratory as well as improved level of performance skills, physical and tactical. And the desire of the researcher to use a new tool in the training of swimming, but a training cross and know its impact on the development of sufficiently special physical swim when pulse 170 (V) and enough physical relative (weight / wt), so felt a researcher of diversity in the use of modern tools and equipment, activities and exercises different from the main activity in order to develop physical abilities and functional performance sports. The researcher used the experimental method designed one group, as the sample consisted of (10) participants were women and educated freeswimming Reconstruction (25-30) years, and it took the application of training curriculum for a period of (4) weeks, and by (6) training modules in the week, the time module is (30-60) minutes.

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Article
Mental fluency for volleyball players in Palestine and its relationship to some variables
الطلاقة النفسية لدى لاعبي الكرة الطائرة في فلسطين وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات

Authors: رمزي رسمي جابر
Pages: 266-296
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Summary of the study: The study aimed to identify the level of fluency mental for volleyball players in Palestine according to some of the following variables (classification of the player, center player) To achieve this, the study was conducted on a sample of (80) players from the volleyball players in Palestine, representing a growth (41.6%) of the community study, the original of their number (192) players. and to collect data of the study and the achievement of its objectives was to use descriptive method and standard fluency mental for volleyball players of the design Hoveyda Ismail (2005). The results of the study that the level of fluency mental for volleyball players in Palestine came where she received a large percentage of (77.4%). As well as is clear from the results of the study that the axis of the high confidence ranked first relative weight (84.6%), while the second axis to enjoy the relative weight (81.9%), and then came in third place the focus on performance relative weight (74.1%), while came away from the center of concern in the fourth position relative weight (69.1%). There are significant differences in the fluency of mental volleyball players in Palestine due to the variable international player .-There is no statistically significant differences in the fluency with mental volleyball players in Palestine due to the variable center play

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Article
The impact of the use of teaching strategies to learn some basic skills handball
تأثير استخدام استراتيجيات التدريس في تعلم بعض المهارات الاساسية بكرة اليد

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A search on the five-doorPart I included this section on the front and the importance of research: You may have gained teaching methods Newtrends in the world because of their influence on the capacity of the human mind began organized efforts to employ strategies of modern educational in designing programs that meet the needs of the learner because the learner is influenced to a large extent the tactics we followed teacher, so the importance of learning which is based on the basis of experimentation and the application to convey the effect is easier than learning the deaf, who teaches him the learner only has emerged new styles of teaching helps to transfer the educational process subject to the learner. The problem, it is through the practice of the researcher to the teaching profession for the observed decrease level skills to students and failure to achieve the educational goals set for the platform in addition to the use of style Prince in learning the basic skills and lack of time and short duration of the semester in addition to the large number of students used the teachers style Prince just so felt the researcher to use the strategies and methods of multiple learning as a reaction to see deficiencies in the educational environment and in accordance with modern trends in education in general and special motor skills and most important of these methods is the method the cooperative and conjunct.1-3 Objectives of the research 1. Identify the impact of the use of cooperative learning strategy to learn some basic skills in handballHypotheses 1-41. No significant statistical differences between pre and post test and in favor of the post test and the experimental group and three groups to learn some basic skills in handball.1-5 areas of research1_5_1 domain of the human: the first phase students | Department of Physical Education | Faculty of Basic Education | University of Mustansiriya.1_5_2 temporal area. For the period from 10 | 12 | 1 201 and up to 23 | 2 | 20121_5_3 spatial domain. Interior hall of the Faculty of Basic Education Mustansiriya UniversityChapter Two theoretical studies have dealt with similar and researchers to the current research topics related to the strategies of teaching and learning styles in physical education, including the prescriptive approach and cooperative learning and basic skills in handballTitle III research methodology and procedures of the field has the researcher used the experimental method and the sample was divided into three groups, each group learned a different style (the style of learning together and the style of cooperative learning and style Prince was homogeneity of the sample after the application of vocabulary curriculum proposal, the researcher conducted a posterior tests and good were processed means Statistical.Section IV contains the analysis and the presentation and discussion of results, the researcher presented and the analysis and discuss the results and put them in special tables down to the conclusions and commendationsPart V included the door (3) conclusions, including: -1 - the use of peer-directed learning style leads to improve the skill level of some basic skills handballFinally, the researcher recommended a number of recommendations, namely: 2 - Use of modern methods of learning in teaching due to the increased number of students in groups, teaching, helping to exploit the space of time and effort and provide skills upgrading for students

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Article
The Impact Vee Diagrams and Concepts Maps Strategise in for Cognizing Achievement the Subject of Teaching Methods.
أثر استخدام استراتيجي شكل Vee وخرائط المفاهيم في التحصيل المعرفي لبعض مواد طرائق التدريس في التربية الرياضية

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The research aim at be acquainted with The Impact Vee Diagrams and Concepts Maps Strategies in for Cognizing Achievement the Subject of Teaching Methods. for studys mosten style Since it is convened to the nature of research, the experimental method was used. The sample included 60 students of thirds academic year in college of physical education, University of sallahadden. The sample divided into three groups with 20 students each. The equality was done in the variables of, Intelligence raven , Achievement , age. The first experimental groups used the Vee Diagrams Strategies, while the second experimental group has used the concepts maps teaching ,while the control groups has been taught according to the traditional method.. The program lasted 8 weeks with 8 sessions for each group. The duration of each learn session was 90 minutes. The program lasted from 14 -1 -2010 to 3-2 -2011. The data were processed statically by using the mean, Standard deviations,F, ANAOVA. The researcher had included the following: - There is an existence of statistic difference between the first experimental group Vee digram and the control group in the variable of growth of Cognizing Achievement. - There is an existence of statistic difference between the second experimental group concepts maps and the control group in the variable of growth of Cognizing Achievement. - There is no existence of statistic difference between the first and the second experiment group in Cognizing Achievement teaching method. - The researcher had recommended using the Vee Diagrams Strategies. - The researcher had recommended teaching method using the concepts maps and Vee diagram Strategies.       

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Article
INFLUENCE OF SCIENNTIFIC KNOWLEDGE TO SOME BIOMECHANICS VARIABLE BY PARTIAL METHOD STYLE ON THIRD STAGEACHIEVEMENT IN LONG JUMP
تأثير المعرفة العلمية لبعض المتغيرات البايوميكانيكية بأسلوب الطريقة الجزئية في انجاز طلبة المرحلة الثالثة في الوثب العريض

Authors: ماجدة حميد كمبش
Pages: 376-389
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The development skill performance that major aims who teachers accredited on it to get this goal in future ,for this reason they have understanding skill performance and all effective factors to development it from biomechanics point of view, most of specialist in sport filed will agreement on one fact that the student will not response to the learning process by depend on one means and they have used anew method to build and development motor skill. As the biomechanics is one of the science that participated to offering by used motor analysis that make primary impositions and introduction that have relation by scientific basis to economy in time and effort during track and field lesson .for that we most to seek the help of scientific equipment and occasion teaching method to diagnosis and evaluation skill performance and to reflected 3 that on reality the researcher used picturing to give the student chance to notes the places of error and try to fixed it .the researcher used two camera and to process the results used the following statistical means: 1-mean 2- standard deviation 3-t-test

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Article
Contributions to teaching competencies proactive approach on the skill of self-confidence of pupils Ataiwralthanue
اسهامات التدريس بالمقاربة بالكفاءات على مهارة الثقة بالنفس لدى تلاميذ الطور الثانوي

Authors: زمالي محمد
Pages: 390-406
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Is the self-confidence of psychological skills, important, which often affect the performance and the level of the students especially in the performance of physical activity in physical education classes and sports, and the different factors and sources of development of this topic skilled psychological, many researchers link it the contributions of the pattern of teaching adopted in the educational curricula parents depends on the pedagogical differences, or so-called proactive approach teaching competencies through the urgency to achieve the goals and the attainment of competencies that may lead to the development or decrease of the self-confidence. The main objective of the study: Identify the level of self-confidence by using the approach to the competencies of the students of secondary phase of the three stages (I - II - III) males The main hypothesis: No statistically significant differences in the measurement of the skill of self-confidence among the pupils of the three stages (I - II - III) for males among them the exercise of physical education and sports-style approach to competencies. Research procedures: Follow us in this study the descriptive survey method, where we apply the standards to make sure the search after scientific transactions on a random sample of 150 Telmida Aldkor of the genus (15-18 years old) religion practicing physical education and sports in secondary schools from the state of Oran - Algeria -. The most important conclusions: - There are significant differences between male practitioners, students of physical education and sports-style approach competencies between the three stages (first - second - third). This is demonstrated by the superiority of the final level students (third year), and practitioners of physical education and sports-style approach to competencies students the first year and second year students at after self-confidence. The most important recommendations: - Increase the attention of researchers and professors to study selfconfidence and the importance of emphasizing that whenever possible, training on this topic psychological skill, the better. - The need for the physical education teacher growth and development of self-confidence in students of secondary phase, commensurate with age and levels to be considered one of the success factors and achieve the best results and school sports.

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Article
قياس مستوى الانانية لدى طلبة الجامعة المستنصرية

Authors: انتصار مزهر صدام
Pages: 407-433
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Each of us has ego, abilities and energies which they differ from others .There may be deficiencies in some aspects of our personality which they may distinguish us from others. People vary in their recognition to their egos and abilities. Egotism is one of the passive traits in man's relationship. The egotistic man is self-centered and is unable to sympathize with others. More over, he doesn't have the ability to make others love him. This belief may result from a childhood that is empty of parents' love and an adulthood empty of the sense of friendship and cooperation. His life is full of hostility and sense of competition. The problem of the present research concentrates on the weakness of human relationship and the prevailing of self-interest. Moreover, he has no sympathy with others and he lacks the noble senses towards the others. The present research aims at knowing the level of egotism among the students of university . The research is limited with a sample of made and female students of College of Education, Al-Mustansiriyah University in Baghdad of (2006-2007). The sample is (80) students. Then, the researcher introducers a survey that she get it from the thesis of (Ajssar M. ALMawar) 2003, the items of the survey are (36). The researcher, then, extracted the reliability to present it on the experts. There was a common agreement to consider the items without any omission except of some simple improvements. The researcher used the(constancy) by depending on half-parting method and Pearson correlation. She found the value of constancy was (0.70). The researcher treated the data by Pearson correlation equation of intensity degree and the percentage weight. The most distinguished results of the items are that egotism is negative phenomenon. Among these items are (I expect people will welcome me when I go to somewhere) (I care for others' attention to my success and failure) (I feel embarrassed when others don't accept my existence with them) (I care for the friendships that rise my status ) and (I care for my successful works). The researcher , them, proposed some suggestions and recommendations, among them are to provide the psychological service and among the suggestions is to study the positive behavior phenomena of Al-Mustansiriyah university Students.

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Article
Perceptions of motivational climate in sport’s competition and their relationship with competition anxiety.
مدركات المناخ الدافعي في المنافسة الرياضية وعلاقتها بحالة قلق المنافسة

Authors: كرامة احمد
Pages: 435-458
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The is an important feeling (emotion (which often affect the performance and the level of athletes ,especially in sports competitions ,even if factors and concerns are different ,many researchers link it to the negative of the environment or climate of competition surrounding players) coaches , managers ,parents ,(through the insistence to achieve accomplishments and goals that may exceed the capacity of the athletes ,what constitutes additional pressure which leads to the sport’s competition anxiety. Perceptions of motivational climate in sport’s competition and their relationship with competition anxiety. The main aim of the study: Identify the differences between the anxious players competition, depending on their motivational climate (performance climate, competition climate) for the football juniors 15-17 years age old. The main hypothesis: competition’s anxiety are affected positively, up to players perceptions about the climate competition. Research procedures: this study is based on a descriptive approach, where we applied studie’s in order to confirm scientific transactions on a sample of 160 junior players, from the Department of differente western side sections. The most important conclusions: - There are differences between the anxious players depending on the motivational climate, for the benefit of the players which have high compe perception climate. - There is a statistically significant positive correlation between each of the perceived climate of competition, physical anxiety and knowledge anxiety, while the correlation does not indicate the lack of self-confidence. The most important recommendations: youth by encouraging a climate to create to be able trainers We recommend  individual and with the assessment of improve their capacities to learn and to that focus on results and to avoid the of the players performance collective their competition anxi exacerbate self-confidence and affect their

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Article
The Effect of exercise on some proposed changes in terms of the respiratory Spiro Palm device and the development of speed and Achieving 1500 Running"
تأثير تمرينات مقترحة على بعض متغيرات الجهاز التنفسي بدلالة جهاز Spiro Palm وتطوير تحمل السرعة ولانجاز لدى راكضي 1500 م

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Ensure that current research objectives, namely: 1. Develop a training program for respiratory bear after the disclosure of the level of the respiratory system. 2. Identify some differences in the functional variables of the respiratory system at rest and after effort in the research sample. 3. Identify the differences in the development of speed in carrying him in the pre-testing in the post sample. 4. Identify the level of achievement to the players contest (1500 m) in the pre-testing it in the post. The researcher used the experimental approach to relevance and the nature of the research, formed the research sample of national team players for young people to Rakda 1500 m and of their number (6), was homogeneity among the members of the sample, the researcher adopted experimental design The experimental group one, was tested sample in the tests in question were determine the training program, which consists of 10 weeks, three training units per week, and has been the implementation of the Tribal tests, after which it was implemented the training program, and then testing the performance of a posteriori tests the same way as tribal. The researcher concluded the following: The existence of significant differences at the application level rather than statistical work for all variables of the study, which was reflected at the level of sporting achievement. Training variables were not set high level research has show that by the results of the capacity of the respiratory tract and vascular. Did not elevate levels of development of the results of functional devices in place to Find the planned level for the sample, which requires continuous follow-up field to improve the level of stress among a sample search. Have emerged with significant differences in speed among a sample search. That the use of modern equipment placed research has identified and accurately track the real test for the preparation of the players from the standpoint of technical and health. The researcher recommended the following: Input variables such as a change of training intensity and the means and methods of training on the vocabulary of the training program to increase the capacity of the respiratory system. And work on research in the impact of chemical and hormonal receptors at the level of achievement. And the adoption of the current study as a basis for assessing the level of physical capacity and pulmonary respiratory variables. And use of indicators in place to regulate the level of research training in the research sample selected. And the use of theory in physiological training for the development of training programs.

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Article
Perception and its relationship to the performance of basic some skills in Rhythmic Gymnastics For Women
الادراك وعلاقته بأداء بعض المهارات الاساسية بالشاخص في الجمناستك الايقاعي

Authors: زينة خالد
Pages: 482-503
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Ensure that current research on the following two objectives: 1. Identify the perception and the performance of basic some skills in gymnastics rhythmic Cones students at the second stage in the Faculty of Physical Education. 2. to identify the relationship between perception and performance of basic some skills in gymnastics rhythmic Cones the research sample . The researcher used the descriptive approach to relevance and the nature of the research, formed the research sample of students in Phase II / Faculty of Physical Education University of Baghdad and of their number (45) student of the school season (2010 2011), and set the tests, and the experiment exploratory, and then conduct the experiment the main the research sample. The researcher concluded the following: 1. To realize the importance of learning basic some skills in gymnastics rhythmic Cones . 2. There is a relationship between perception and performance of basic skills in gymnastics rhythmic Cones . 3. There is variation in the degree of perception of the learners by skill difficulty. The researcher recommended the following: 1. Urged educational institutions to develop curricula that take into account the ability of learners understanding. 2. A pilot study to develop the level of awareness of the research sample. 3. Conduct similar studies of different teaching methods for the purpose of knowing the most appropriate method for learners.

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Article
(Use of special exercises done on the muscle reflex develop the capacity of the explosive acceleration and the ability of the stages of completion and triple jump).
أستخدام تمرينات خاصة للفعل العضلي الانعكاسي على تطوير قدرة التسارع والقدرة الانفجارية للمراحل وانجاز الوثبة الثلاثية

Authors: عامر فاخر شغاتي
Pages: 504-599
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A search on the five-door: - Part I: the importance of research and is in a sound scientific basis through the use of special exercises for the muscle reflex reaction to develop the capacity of acceleration and explosive phases and completed the triple jump. The research problem is Find all the training exercises muscle reflex reaction is equal to the muscle groups voluntarily to perform any phase of the jump. The goals: 1 - Preparing to do special exercises to develop muscular reflex acceleration ability and the ability of the explosive phases and completed the triple jump. 2 - Identifying the impact of exercise on the ability to develop explosive power and acceleration phases and completed the triple jump. Research areas: domain of the human group of students from the Faculty of Physical Education - University of Mustansiriya the second phase, either temporal area (02/13/2011 until 05/25/2011). Part II: included theoretical studies of the search. Part III: Research Methodology and appointed by the selection of the sample the way the lottery and the number (30 students) were distributed into two groups (experimental and numbered (15) students and the control and numbered (15) students) as well as conducting homogeneity and equality of variables of the research. Part IV: Vahtoy to display the results, analysis and discussion. Part V: contains the conclusions and recommendations were the following: - 1 - The exercise muscle reflex reaction to the experimental group had better effect than the control group on the development of research variables. 2 - The exercises muscle reflex act of the experimental group achieved a better rate of development of exercise used for the control group in all variables of the research. The recommendations: 1 - emphasis on raising levels of muscular reflex action exercises in the training programs of the effectiveness of the triple jump and jump and jump events. 2 - Use exercises for muscle reflex reaction when training for the development of other physical abilities because of their positive impact on the level of achievement jump. 

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Article
Precision tracking and visual animation and its relationship to the results of the competition with the Sabre Players.
التتبع والدقة البصرية المتحركة لدى لاعبي سلاح السيف وعلاقتها بنتائج المنافسات في دور 16

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In order to get advanced results, we must stand at the points that have been observed by the trainers that are of significance in the sport of fencing and concern for capacity optical (trace optical and precision visual animation), so we must learn some of these types of capacity, whichever is more influential in the game fencing so that they add a new axis to the player to pick and choose in order to achieve the desired goal and raise the level of the game. The study aimed to identify the relationship between the visual tracking and accuracy of visual animated face and the results of competitions Sabre of the other. Used a much more descriptive approach to study relational on a sample of players clubs Sabre and the way intentional, who qualified to the role of (16) in the championship Iraq individual, was calculated individual results in the role of (16) (knockout) and then was measured by tracking the optical and precision optical animation the players, and then processing the results was by simple Pearson correlation coefficient and the researchers concluded that the existence of significant correlation between visual tracking and accuracy of visual animated face and the results of competitions weapon Arab sword duel on the other. Therefore recommends that researchers need to focus on the visual capabilities in the field of sport in general and in the sport of fencing in particular. .

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Article
Especially after the exercises according to the rhythm of time in the development of motor Altofiq front of the strike in tennis.
أثر تمرينات خاصة وقف ايقاع زمني لتطوير التوافق الحركي للضربة الامامية في التنس الارضي

Authors: شيماء سامي شهاب
Pages: 620-636
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The research involved five doors: And included the first chapter and provided important research and that Taatlkhhs that study mechanical movement, guided by a clear principle which is that the movement is subject to variables, mechanical, and if what has performance according to these variables, it appears well as touched upon the researcher to divide the time, which is one of these variables related to the performance skills of tennis players it is one of the characteristics of a motor skill performance, whether or consistency of the movement, where time indicates the approach of the performance of the skill of time synchronized to the ideal in performance. Emerged as the importance of research to identify the effect of using exercise as indicators of private time in the development of rhythm Altoavqt motor in front of the strike tennis. The research problem: Has explained the role of modern scientific methods as a means to assist in training such as using photography and Altahalil and go into the finer details of the performance and to identify some of the variables Albayumkanikih which are directly related to a performance and stages in order to determine the most important negatives and put the tracks kinetic correct to ensure the success of the strikes and the problems that overlooked a lot of a game of tennis professionals. The objectives of the research included: the identification of index values to divide the time of the strike front as well as   

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Article
دراسة لبعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية والقياسات الجسمية وعلاقتها بمستوى اداء بعض الحركات الاساسية في الجمناستك الفني للطالبات

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the research students in some lessons, particularly gymnastic artistic students noticed that there were weaknesses in the performance level of students and that there is disparity in the level of fitness to have Moreover, some of them do not possess the specifications physical appropriate for the exercise of this activity researchers to study some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements and to identify their relationship to the level of performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. The researchers assumed the following: - The presence of significant correlation between some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements and the level of performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. - The presence of significant correlation between performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. The study aimed to reveal the mean as follows: -- Rating (level) some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements among female students. - Relationship with some elements of the fitness level of the performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. - Do some level of physical measurements of the performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. The researchers used a descriptive approach to appropriate to the nature of research, and studies have been conducted on students of the third stage in the Faculty of Physical Education - University of Tikrit for the academic year (2010 - 2011) and of their number (10), representing 100% of the research community Included the procedures of the research procedure to determine the measurements and tests used in research by taking the views of gentlemen experts as well as to analyze the level of scientific sources have been identified these tests as included tests of some elements of fitness and included measurements of physical some of the ocean as well as measurements of some of the lengths of parts of the body in addition to measuring each of the total length of the body and the body mass and used exercise tests art to measure the components of fitness and presented to a group of experts was conducted validity and reliability and objectivity of these tests included the search procedures perform three experiments reconnaissance ( 3) students from the research community, and then carried out the main experiment, within seven days, then was extracted the relationships between each of the elements of physical fitness and body measures and the level of performance of some basic movements in the gymnastic art of female students was the use of transactions Statistics (mean and standard deviation, coefficient of simple correlation (Pearson) - coefficient of variation. They found the following conclusions: • that some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements a positive role in the performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls, while not showing some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements of an influential role in the level of significance, as follows : for traffic on the crossbar, shown (special force as soon as the two men, the balance (the hard way longitudinal hard tripod), flexible back and legs) (thigh circumference and calf circumference, foot length, the length of lower limb. For the movement and the cat leap showed variables (the explosive power of the muscles of the legs, the force characterized by the speed of the muscles of the legs and abdomen, longitudinal balance the hard way, thigh circumference, calf circumference, foot length) positively correlated with the level of performance of the movement and the cat leap. • Movement and leap step: Showed the variables (the explosive power of the two men, the power-speed characteristic of the muscles of the legs, balance the hard way longitudinal, thigh circumference, leg circumference) a positive role in the movement of the level of performance leap step. For the turnover: Showed the variables (power characterized by the speed of the muscles of the legs, balance the hard way orthogonal, longitudinal balance the hard way, fitness, foot length) a positive role in the level of performance a positive role in the level of performance for the movement of rotation. • For the rolling movement of the front: if not all the variables(elements of physical fitness and physical measurements) any positive role in the level of performance in the rolling movement of the front bar because all the students were not able to perform this movement. For the movement to stand on their hands: did not show all the variables(elements of physical fitness and physical measurements adopted in the Find an influential role in the level of performance in the movement to stand on their hands because of all the students were not able to perform this movement. • For the movement of the wheel of human showed variables (the explosive power of the muscles of the arms deals as soon as the force of the muscles of the arms, legs, abdomen, back and leg flexibility, agility area around the shoulder, arm circumference, the length of stop) a positive role in the level of performance for the movement of the wheel of humanity. For the rolling front annexation Listing of variables (the explosive power of the muscles of the legs, the force characterized by the speed of the muscles of the arms, legs and abdomen) balance fixed tripod, flexible back and legs, the area around the leg, length (palm, thigh, leg, lower limb) a positive role in the performance of movement jump groundbreaking on the platform jump. Recommendations Emphasis on the elements of interest in fitness, which showed a positive role in the level of performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls and developed training programs for students. Emphasis on the selection of female athletes according to measurements that showed a positive role (linked to moral) level of performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. Emphasis on the selection of students that enjoy the fitness and physical specifications appropriate during the presentation to join in the Faculty of Physical Education, and not just rely on the total length, but interest lengths some parts of the body and the ocean and symptoms and body mass index and the consistency of these parts with each other and their compatibility with the total length of the body. Conduct similar studies on the variables of physical and other physical.       

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Article
The Influence of Infinite and Relativity Power of Arms and Legs in some Bioclimatic Variables of Unwrap jump Skill in Vault Apparatus
تأثير القوة المطلقة والنسبية للذراعين والرجلين في بعض المتغيرات البيوكينماتيكية لمهارة القفز فتحا على حصان القفز

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The research aims at introducing some bioclimatic variables especially of unwrap jump skill performance on vault apparatus. And, introducing the influence of infinite and relativity power of arms and legs of some bioclimatic of unwrap skill performance. The sample of the research has included group of (10) students of second year stage at College of Physical Education for Women. It has been used infinite and relativity power tests and bioclimatic tests which are nominated from experts in the field. After using the suitable statistics methods the following conclusions are applied: • It has appeared growing in infinite and relativity power of arms and legs on the research sample resulting from exposure of infinite and relativity training. • It has obviously appeared growing in the research sample in these tests according of continuously performance of the skill in free style on vault apparatus without weight or over the weight. The most recommendations of the research are: • Using the training of infinite and relativity power in the training on vault especially for arms and legs. • Insuring of developing the artistic performance in training the infinite and relativity power.

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Table of content: volume:11 issue:18