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مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2012 المجلد: 10 العدد: 3

Article
من ملامح الدِّلالة النّحوية لحروف المعاني في تحليل النّـص القـرآني

المؤلفون: ليث قابل عبيد الوائليّ
الصفحات: 1-8
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الخلاصة

Letters Arabic meanings accorded Grammarians great importance, they are mutant sites in the contexts of different so varied functions and implications depending on the shift, The letters have the properties of a particular affect the pronunciation and meaning, and its rules are important in the detection of the meanings derive implications of the context and vary according to the evidence, and all this helps analysis of the Quranic text in order to reach an understanding clearly understood. It has been observed Find grammatical connotations of characters that can on their own receiver or reader of the Qur'anic text that stands on the understanding _ at least in part _ of the speech, which fell into the Quranic underneath those characters Bdalaladtha different. Valtqt researcher part of the views of grammarians in the statement of their interpretations of these tools and how they gave the reason her, and that the election of samples thought to the researcher that it is enough to clarify the meaning of this research, the samples are common and important implications had a lot to clarify a topic that I wanted, and the search is divided into the Investigation of small-scale accuracy and focus on the idea of the major search in the light of the meaning and manage diversity and change to reach the cursed Find a (significant features of the grammatical meanings of the letters in the analysis of the Quranic text)

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study the Susceptibility of Bacillus cereus isolated from Milk and Milk Products to Antibiotics
دراسة في استجابة عصيات سيريس المعزولة من الحليب ومشتقاته للمضادات الحيوية

المؤلفون: Abdul-Hadi A. Abd --- Aysar Saadoun Abood --- Nadia Ibrahim AbdelA'Al
الصفحات: 1-4
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الخلاصة

Both antibiotic discs in agar and liquid broth cultures methods were used in this study. Bacillus cereus strain ATCC 11778 and the strain that isolated from milk locally were tested for antibiotics susceptibility. Both strains are susceptible to cephalexin, ampicillin and lincomycin in broth method to minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC). Standard strain was sensitive to cephalexin 125µg/ml, ampicillin 1mg/ml and lincomycin 100µg/ml while local strain is sensitive to cephalexin 250µg/ml, ampicillin 10mg/ml and lincomycin 1mg/ml. The following antibiotics tetracycline, cephalexin, neomycin, streptomycin, penicillin 10µg and ceftriaxone 30µg were used in antibiotic disc concentration method. Both strains were sensitive to Tetracycline, cephalexin, neomycin and streptomycin while both strains were resistant to penicillin 10µg and ceftriaxone 30µg. Our results showed that local strain is tougher in susceptibility to the antibiotic s than standard strain.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
راسه تأثير الزياره الاربعينية على مياه الصرف الصحي المعالجة في احدى محطات محافظة كربلاء المقدسة

المؤلفون: علا مهدي عبد علي الهنداوي
الصفحات: 1-8
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الخلاصة

The effect of the visit of forty on wastewater treatment in one of Karbala stations and the determinants of environmental pollution of the treated wastewater have been studied, and then compared these results with treated wastewater in the periods before, during and after the visit (19 12 2009 - 21 1 2010) and results were compared with standard delimiters included determinants BOD,COD,Cl-,SO4,NH3NO2,NO3,PO4,TSS,greaseandoils.Was noted from the results that the treatment in Karbala station do not work very efficiently, since all the tests mentioned above are all off limits except for concentration of chloride ions and TSS, It is interesting to observe that the station during the visit did not record any reading in spite of the influx of numbers large of visitors to the holy city could reach almost 15000000 million visitors.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of heavy metals in wastewater effluents of Textile factory-Hilla on the characteristics of Hilla River
تأثير المعادن الثقيلة الموجودة في مطروحات معمل نسيج الحلة على خصائص نهر الحلة

المؤلفون: Hussein Ali Mahdi Al-Zubaidi
الصفحات: 5-16
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الخلاصة

The research includes monitoring and assessment on industrial pollution level in Hilla River under the effect of some major toxic heavy metals in Hilla textile factory effluent. The concentrations of selected toxic heavy metals, chromium (Cr) and lead (Pb), were determined for selective locations on the river. The monitoring period in this study were accomplished during periods of time six months represent and contain the predominating weather conditions in Iraq, the time of study starting from the dry and hot weather conditions in August / 2011 to the wet and cold weather conditions in January / 2012. The sampling through monitoring period was conducted from the middle of the river, starting in front of the outfall of Hilla textile factory to a distance 450 m downstream of the textile factory outfall. The assessment of Hilla River pollution with Cr and Pb show that the levels of Cr and Pb concentrations values through various weather conditions are compatible with its levels in several countries, where the Cr concentrations in Hilla River are within its acceptable limits in rivers and potable water, while the Pb concentrations in Hilla River exceed the permissible limits in rivers and potable water. Also, the Hilla textile factory effluent effects on the distribution of heavy metals concentrations with the distance along the river downstream the effluent outfall by a gradually increasing in the concentrations of heavy metals that is found in the effluent.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The reasons in the gift Arabic Grammatical
أسباب الجواز في النحو العربي

المؤلفون: سهيلة خطاف عبد الكريم
الصفحات: 9-24
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الخلاصة

The reasons in the gift Arabic Grammatical The passport grammar enriches Arab and development , and makes the grammar rule flexible pliant able to accommodate the various possibilities, and then was broad at the base feature of the Arab and reprehension the owner of the language as they went to him in many different ways , they depend on the assets of correct fluent of speech the Arabs Find built in the passport as Arab due to various reasons , some of which dates back to poetry , to express the local , frequent use , and extrapolation , and the competition among scientists , debates grammar . Should distinguish between what may be in need of poetry , and what may be in the capacity of speech and choice , hair bound to make necessary capillary general law , based on some mechanism is not permissible . because the hair is governed by weight and rhyme , has forced the poet in order to maintain them to ride the boat coarse . That the meaning of significant impact in the grammar passport the passport is not a form , of chaos , but is a doomed sense controls the research included two se a section introduction and pave abstract the most important results of the search mechanism and a list of sources and references . Abstract The reasons in the gift Arabic Grammatical The passport grammar enriches Arab and development , and makes the grammar rule flexible pliant able to accommodate the various possibilities, and then was broad at the base feature of the Arab and reprehension the owner of the language as they went to him in many different ways , they depend on the assets of correct fluent of speech the Arabs Find built in the passport as Arab due to various reasons , some of which dates back to poetry , to express the local , frequent use , and extrapolation , and the competition among scientists , debates grammar . Should distinguish between what may be in need of poetry , and what may be in the capacity of speech and choice , hair bound to make necessary capillary general law , based on some mechanism is not permissible . because the hair is governed by weight and rhyme , has forced the poet in order to maintain them to ride the boat coarse . That the meaning of significant impact in the grammar passport the passport is not a form , of chaos , but is a doomed sense controls the research included two se a section introduction and pave abstract the most important results of the search mechanism and a list of sources and references

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تحديد الظروف البيئية المثلى لإنتاج إنزيمي الكايتينيز وبيتا1-3 كلوكانيز من الفطر Trichoderma fertile

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الخلاصة

The local Fungal Isolate Trichoderma fertile was chosen as the most efficient isolate for Chitinase and β 1-3 glucanase production after screening 25 fungal isolates belong to different genes . The environmental conditions for both enzymes production from Trichoderma fertile were studied and the results showed that incubation in a rotary shaker with 125 rpm at 30 ˚C for 96 h. gave the highest yields of both enzymes

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Sub groups of a Symmetric group (S6 , o)

المؤلفون: Maha Mohsen Mohammed Ali --- Hussein Abed Al Hussein Abbas
الصفحات: 17-26
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الخلاصة

This research deal with a form of elements of (S6 , o), and introduce some sub groups of symmetric group (S6 , o), also introduce some examples, results and properties about this symmetric group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Mutagenic Effect of Antiseptics and Disinfectants onThe Sensitivity of Methicillin SensitiveStaphylococcus aureus( MSSA )
ألتأثيرالتطفيري للمواد المطهرة في حساسية بكتريا المكوراتالعنقودية الذهبية الحساسة للمثسلين ( MSSA )

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الخلاصة

The minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) and Minimal bactericidal concentration(MBC) of some antiseptics and disinfectants that used in Karbala hospitals was detected. The mutagenic effect of sub-inhibitory concentration of these chemicals on the conversion of methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus to methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus was studied. The results of The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBC) of some antiseptics and disinfectants that used in hospitals such as (Formalin، Chlorine،Ethyl-Iodide،Povidon-Iodine، Ethanol،Chlorhexidingluconate) were,(782.63، 24.45),(1462.5، 731.25), (1250، 625),(24520، 6130),(12500، 6250),39.06 ،0.15) (µg/ ml respectively. The sub-inhibitory concentration of antiseptics and disinfectants that used in hospitals had a mutagenic effect on the conversion of MSSA to MRSA.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تحضير وتشخيص بعض معقدات أيونات العناصر الفلزية ( Cu+2, Ni+2, Co+2, VO+2)للحامض الأمين السلفوني (HEPES)

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الخلاصة

Synthesis is and characterization of four complexes of the Ligand ( 4- ( 2- hydroxy ethyl)- 1- piperazin ethane Sulfonic acid) (HEPES) have been performed with some metal ions . Metal complexes of these Ligands were obtained after two step reactions. First, conversion of ( HEPES) Ligands to their corresponding potassium. Counter part (HEPESK) by reaction with potassium hydroxide second , preparation of metal- Ligand complexes were made by reaction of the (HEPESK) with nitrates salt of VO2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+ with the following molar ratios, All complexes were characterized by IR. (UV-VIS ) spectroscopy, thermal stability ,Atomic absorption, magnetic measurements. and conductivity . From . the obtained information It is possible to suggest the following geometrical shapes for the complexes obtained of the tetrahedral geometry for the complex of Co2+ with ligand (HEPES) . the square planer geometry for the complexes of Ni2+ , Cu 2+ , with ligand (HEPES) and the square pyramid geometry for complex of VO2+ with ligand (HEPES) . The obtained complexes are crystalline solid compounds, Insoluble in water but soluble in Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) Conductivity measurements reveal the non- electrolytes nature of the complexes . The ligands (HEPES) behaves as abidentate ligands and coordinate to the metal ions through Nitrogen atom of (C-N)group within the ring and the sulpher atom of the sulfuryl

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Legal aspects and the social dimensions of the death pena in Iraq
الجوانب القانونيـــــة والابعاد الاجتماعيـــة لعقوبـــــة الاعــــدام في العـــراق

المؤلفون: مكـــي عبد مجيــــد
الصفحات: 25-37
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الخلاصة

The death penalty is as old as human history and accompanied human society to this day Kmasahab this penalty a lot of opinions that others went by roll call for abolition while some believe that the survival of the death penalty is the only way to deter criminals, research has included topics included sequence history of the death penalty since its inception to the present and then the death penalty under legislation civil and military research has included Iraqi legislation to the death penalty and other Study addressed the death penalty and trends supporting and opposing them and through research found that maintaining the death penalty is a representation of the application for the Sunan divine and sacred Islamic religion, which provides for the death penalty in many of the citizen, where would be futile to allow the offender to return to society after committing a crime or several crimes result from which tragedy of the loss of lives and material losses reflected raised on family and society has created a lot of orphans and widows and rendered sometimes society a lot of cadres of scientific and money and to rid society of the elements corrupt and give a chance to a better life for is to achieve justice and al-Qaida targets legal and rationality that Deterrent Punishment of the comet and Al'zajrh for is not reasonable to give the offender a veteran the opportunity to return again to commit the crime again and this is the result reached by the search.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Experimental and Theoretical Study for a Counter Flow Water Cooling Tower by Using (clear P.V.C.) Packing
دراسة تجريبية ونظرية لبرج تبريد ذو جريان ماء متعاكس باستعمال حشوة (P.V.C)الصافية

المؤلفون: Hayder J.Kurji
الصفحات: 27-39
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الخلاصة

In this paper we study the performance of a counter flow water cooling tower by employing (clear PVC ) packing with inclined 45o from the vertical axis. For different flow rate of water the cooling load are studied experimentally and theoretically .It is found that an increase in water flow rate leads to a decrease in cooling range, whereas when the water flow rate was (0.3kg/s) the cooling range was (11 Co) and when the water flow rate was (0.5kg/s) the cooling range was (6 Co).Four different packing heights (0.12, 0.24, 0.36 , 0.48)m are tested by varying the air flow rates, and the water flow rates in three steps for each of the four packing heights, it is observed that the number of transfer units (performance coefficient) (NTU) or (KaV/L) increases by increasing air flow rate. The relation of NTU with (L/G) (water flow rate per unit area to air flow rate per unit area) are studied experimentally and theoretically. Moreover, the calculation for (KaV/L) is theoretically computed by using Tchebycheff method, and the least square method is used to correlate the experimental results for NTU in terms of (L/G). We conclude that best performance for tower packing is represented in providing minimum water to air ratio (L/G),where it is noticed that when the air flow rate per unit area constant then the NTU reaches to 1.9 with (L/G) equals 0.435 and NTU reaches to 0.42 with ( L/G) equals 0.87.We also conclude that when the inlet water temperature increases the (NTU) decreases and vice versa. The experimental results obtained in this paper reasonably agree with the theoretical results.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Thermal analysis study for nano hybrid Compounds and degradation degree of Thermal
دراسة التحليل الحراري للمركبات النانوية الهجينة و أيجاد درجة التفكك الحراري

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الخلاصة

This study presents the synthesis of phenoxy herbicides Zn/Al-layered double hydroxides nano hybrids by the reaction of 2٬4-dichloro and 4-chlorophenoxy acetate nano composites using indirect method of ion exchange . These composites were characterize by thermal analysis (Thermal gravimetric (TG)and Differential thermal gravimetric (DTG) ). know weight change for Nano hybrid Compounds preparation both ethanol and watery medium when (Zn/Al= 2,3,4,5 ) when heating degree Thermal found when degradation for Nano hybrid Compounds , degradation degree Thermal for Nano hybrid Compounds preparation watery medium lower than degradation degree Thermal for Nano hybrid Compounds preparation ethanol medium , the molar ratio good for Nano hybrid Compounds preparation ethanol medium ( R=4) .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تجسيد التنكر في مسرح الطفل

المؤلفون: فاتن جمعة سعدون
الصفحات: 38-47
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الخلاصة

This study deals with a topic entitled : " The phenomenon of disguise in the theatre the child " . This phenomenon is considered fundemental aspect among other popular basic concepts of drama in general . This concept has special position in the theatre of the child , because it formulates a seperate and stable phenomenon in existence , It also has a variant position in the child's nature, and it finally has a vital part in the child's . Psychological texture which is reflected in his realistic and or virtual imaginary world The study falls in four chapters :- 1-chapter one:- depicts the core of the paper which concentrates on the study of this phenomenon in the theatre of the child namely : the origins, charactertistics and how it is enacted theatrically. It also shows how it becomes a basic element in the theatre of children as it is the aim of this study . 2-Chapter two:- Thetheoretic frame which consists of two sections :- The first is the aesthetic side of the theatre of the child as it is the most attractive and stimulative part of his attention i.e. The shape or appearance of things .The shape is the entery to the child's sense of aesthesism like the sparkling, the colored , the various and the unusual . The second section deals with the activity of disguise in children's play , as it forms the substance of the child 's world , as well as the favorite part of his pastime . Playing is always associated with childhood .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in Relation to Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
دراسة العلاقة بين المتطلبات الكيميائية COD والحيوية للاوكسجين BOD

المؤلفون: Hassony J . Abdulla --- Nadia K . Bashar Al- Quraeshi --- Firas Nabeeh --- Jaafer Al-Awadi
الصفحات: 40-43
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الخلاصة

This investigation has been conducted to Study Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in Relation to Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD).Three replicates samples were taken in Baghdad city from :1 - From the water upper part of Army Channel , 2 –Near Al-Talbaia Bridge on Army Channel , 3 - Anaerobic main holes effluent (Septic systems) near Vegetables Station in Gamelia City , 4 –From Dyalia river near Ristmaia , 5 - From the intersection between Tigris and Dyalia river southern Baghdad , 6 - From Tigris river Near Bab –Al –Matham Bridge , 7- From Tigris river Near Al – AL-Aiemah Bridge and 8 –Waste water from Ristmaia Station before treatment . Mean values of COD and BOD in the investigated locations show strong relation with high value of correlation coefficient (r = 0.9758 ) and describe by the equation : BOD= 6.1242 + 0.3142( COD ) + 0.0008 ( COD )² The above formula used to estimate BOD depending on COD . The COD test can be run in a couple of hours instead of five days to determine BOD . ____________________________________________

الكلمات الدلالية

COD --- BOD --- estimated --- relationship


Article
Converting Color Real Image to Cartoon Image Using Non-Parametric Mean-Shift Technique

المؤلفون: Ashwan Anwer Abdulmunen
الصفحات: 44-54
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الخلاصة

This paper focuses on using mean-shift technique to convert real color image to cartoon image which is necessary for more image processing application such as segmentation, edge detection, recognition ..etc from divide the original image to many regions window “clusters” without any prior knowledge about these regions in each find the center cluster value which considered the density of some color in this cluster and then modification all neighbor pixel in this region to this value K-Nearest-Neighbor which used in clustering operation where all pixels in this region be in the same color without gradual. Implementation this search by using Java TM 6 update 7 from Sun Microsystems,Inc

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Estimation of tomato production function covered (greenhouses) in Karbala province
تقدير دالة انتاج محصول الطماطة المغطاة (البيوت البلاستيكية) في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

The research aims to estimate the production function of the tomato crop covered in the province of Karbala in the light of a random sample of (155) plastic house in 2010.Analysis results showed that the function Allegartimah is the most representative of the relationship between the output of the crop and independent factors (cultivated area, the amount of seeds, the amount of fertilizers, animal, the amount of chemical fertilizer, the amount of material control, the number of hours of irrigation, the number of hours of manual labor, working hours robot) based on the criteria economic, statistical and standard as the value of coefficient of determination is 0.92, which indicates that 0.92% of the variation in the production of the crop due to the variance in the independent variables, and 0.08% from the rest of the variables back to the variables did not show paradigm suck impact of a random variable, the study showed significant variables except the variable space and total elasticities (3.4) any function that returns with increased capacity and this means increasing the resources used leads to increased production Botaúr increasing. When calculating the productivity of marginal and medium turned out to be decreasing for the variables (the area under cultivation, the amount of seeds, the amount of organic fertilizers, and the number of hours of work manual and automatic), which refers to the occurrence of these variables in the stage production the second stage of production (economic phase), while the production medium (the amount of chemical fertilizer To control the amount of materials) and decreasing marginal productivity is negative, indicating the occurrence of these two suppliers in the third phase of production (non-economic). The production medium and the marginal productivity of a variable (number of hours of irrigation) increasingly These findings indicate the occurrence of this resource within the first phase of production. Through the study of economic and social characteristics of the sample shows that rate (19.4%) and secondary level by (11.12 %), while the bachelor's level accounted for (2.78%). Categories of tenure and more prevalent category is confined between (3-5) beta ratio of plastic has possession of 60% of the total greenhouse.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الولاية والنبوة في العرفان النظري .....قرآءة في طروحات الشيخ جوادي آملي

المؤلفون: نزار عبد الأمير تركي
الصفحات: 48-59
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الخلاصة

The Prophecy full circle containing circles in infinite degrees caution. I learned that apparently does not take Altaid, strength, ability and disposition, science and all that flows from the right says it only from the inside, which serves as the state obtained from the guardian, the guardian and proximity - that is beloved - well of it. Fbatn prophecy state Sheikh aims Javadi hope in dealing with the concept of the state to emphasize that the idea of the state seal and the associated analyzes and Oavcar and perceptions are derived from the idea of Shiism, and here we find Son of Arab influenced clear. In the opinion of my hope that if the prophecy is found on the facts of divine note, the message is read by the discovery, The mandate is available on self-knowledge, attributes and names in particular, and thus the state is the highest rank, and met him a prophet and the message and the state is perfect, nor prophecy without a mandate, also not without a prophecy. The fact Muhammadiyah is not only arranged in the form of the manifestation of the right names and attributes, which is expressed in the Great Spirit, and feel first, and the fullest manifestation. As is the case when Ibn Arabi. The fact that the total man when Sheikh Alamla is that when God wanted to see himself Bahdah his association did not exist there can see God Bahdah his society; metaphysical stand out because the assets in the unit without frequent. If the foreign assets and in-kind are in abundance without units. Must be an existing one true moderate parties and have a mirror full of monism Assembly of God even sees himself in it. Without the perfect man, a mirror full of God that you do not see himself.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Simulation of the effect distance between electrodes on the deposition of electrochemical
محاكاة تأثير المسافة بين الأقطاب على الترسيب الكهروكيمياوي

المؤلفون: فاضل حسين علي
الصفحات: 53-63
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الخلاصة

In this research, the effect of distance between the electrodes was studied on chemical components and electrochemicals depending on mean of the field Kinetic equations and "Poission equation" by using charged alattice samples with the using of two types of cells with one direction for theoretical purpose, which are (half cell, full cell) with the size of (100) under stressed effect of (2T/e) when the cell contains two similar electrodes with thickness of (10) each. Designing of computer program by using "Fortran Language" to calculate the concentration of (metal atoms, cations, anions, solvents, vacancies, electrons). Results showed that the increasing in distance between electrods resulted decreasing in the deposition at the time of (t = 5 × 104), and adecreasing the growth of concentrations and distribution of charges on cathode electrode and electrical potential.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Oligomerization of acetylene from gas electrocracking over Pd/CNFs catalyst
البلمرة المحدده للاستيلين الناتج من غاز التكسير الكهربائي على العامل المساعد Pd/CNFs

المؤلفون: علي سامي أسماعيل
الصفحات: 55-77
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الخلاصة

The unique properties of carbon nanofibers (CNFs), a novel structured carbon material developed in the last two decades, have generated a large number of applications including selective absorption, energy storage, polymer reinforcement, and catalyst supports. The results show the possibility production of olefin hydrocarbons from gas electrocracking as a first stage, and the subsequent stage investigated the regularities of the oligomerization of acetylene in the gas electrocracking on palladium catalyst, we supported palladium on CNFs and developed a highly active catalyst for hydrogenation of hydrocarbons. CNFs supported palladium catalysts (0.5%Pd) were prepared by a standard incipient impregnation method using aqueous solutions of palladium (ΙΙ) chloride PdCl2 as a palladium precursor. Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were synthesized from a previous studyto us, obtainedalsofrom acetylene in the gas electrocracking over γ-Fe2O3 catalyst, oligomerization of acetylene with a Pd/CNFs catalyst has been investigated. Catalytic experiments were performed in a fixed bed reactor at atmospheric pressure, synthesized at(140 – 270) ºC, using gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) in the range (3000-7000) h-1 of feed gas. Resulting shows that the yield of green oil or (liquid hydrocarbons) reduce when the temperature increase and increase in the yield of methane, ethene, propene and butene, as well as a more stable catalyst.


Article
أبن تيمية ودعـوى أقتباس الشيعة من المعتزلة ( ت 728 هـ / 1328 م )

المؤلفون: حيدر خضير مراد
الصفحات: 60-70
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الخلاصة

Al-Sheikh Ibn Taimiya (died 728AH/1328AD) is regarded one of the biggest and the most famous Hanbali sheikhs who emerged on the Islamic though arena at the 7 AH/13 AD century in jurisprudence, Hadith, commentary and speech… etc. In his compiles, he circulated the Shiite quoting from Al-Mu'tazila in the issues of speech science and the mental vision, following in that the impact of Al-Asha'ira sheikhs like Abi Al-Hasan Al-Ashaari and Al-Shahristani –without examination or detection- who in turn quoted this claim from the sheikhs of Al-I'tizal with no proof or evidence proving that. Through the study it was obvious that this claim was groundless and invalid, for Al-Mu'tazila was far from the Shiite in many of their beliefs and intellectual commitments, the small rate of Al-Tashayu' to Al-I'tizal as well as taking the thoughts from the wrong origin and the non-cognition, or the scarcity of religion and the malevolent purpose. Most of what Al-Mu'tazila agreed on was refused by the Shiite as the contrary of most of what the Shiite agreed on and Al-Mu'tazila did not follow it. As to their agreement in some beliefs like the beliefs of unification and justice, this did not justify the accusation of each other for they took these beliefs from one source, i.e. the speeches and sayings of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (Peace be upon him). The Shiite since their beginning were tracing the impact of their Imams in the origins and branches, they were not the heirs of Al-Mu'tazila, but rather Al-Mu'tazila took the origins and fundamentals of its mazhab from the Imams of Prophet Mohammed's Family (Peace be upon them).

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Article
The effect of supplemental different level of Thyme seeds (Thymus vulgaris) in diet on broiler performance
تأثير اضافة مستويات مختلفة من بذور الزعتر في العليقة في الاداء الانتاجي لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted at the poultry farm, poultry research station ,state board of Agriculture research , Ministry of Agriculture . to study the effect of supplemental Thyme seeds on broiler diets .640 day old unsexed broiler chicks ( Arboracres ) were used in this study from 1/11 – 12/12/2010 . They were randomly distributed to 4 treatments for 16 replicate (40 birds per replicate) . Thyme was supplemented at the levels of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 % compared with the control group for 42 days. This experiment were conducted to study the effect of supplemental thyme seeds to the diet on broiler performance ( live body weight , body weight gain, feed intake , feed conversion ratio, mortality, production index, dressing percentage, carcass cuts and total bacterial count of intestine and colon) . The result indicated that supplementing thyme seeds (Thymus vulgaris) to the diet resulted as significant ( P<0.05) increase in live body weight , body weight gain , feed intake and feed conversion ratio, production index, dressing percentage and carcass cuts (Breast, thigh and drumstick ). Also results showed a decline in mortality and total bacterial (E.coli and Staphylococcus) in intestine and colon.

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Article
اساليب التعامل مع احداث الحياة الضاغطة وعلاقتها بالاتزان الانفعالي لدى المرشدين التربويين

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الخلاصة

This research aims at showing the methods used in dealing with the stressful life events as employed by the counselors and educators who work in the area of directorate of education in Wasit city and the relation of these methods to their emotional equilibrium. To achieve this aim , a group of 250 counselors was chosen from the two sexes . To achieve these aims ,two measures are used .The first shows the methods used in dealing with stressful life experience in Wasit governorate .The researchers create a measure this variable according to the scientific steps of psychological measures formation. They depend on previous literature and survey to fix a set of methods used in dealing with stressful life events , in addition to show these methods to some experts . The experts approve four methods such as escape and avoidance , social and religious attribution , and confronting problems. The researchers prepare a set of items to be measured in a form of verbal situations which amount to 35 situations for each situation , there are four statements to be answered .Each statement measures a particular method .The researcher do a logical and statistical analysis for these items in terms of the standardized features of validity and reliability .Validity is tabulated in terms of face validity and construct validity while reliability is done by repetition.The second tool is intended to measure the level of emotional equilibrium .The researchers adopt Almasudi ‘s 2002 scale to measure this variable in the research sample after extracting some of the standard features of reliability and validity .After the application of the measures on the research sample and the analysis of statistical data to approve the objectives of the research , T test is applied on one group and then on two independent groups in addition to Pearson correlation coefficient and variance . The research has shown some results . 1- The counseling Educators of the research sample use the confronting problem method .The mean of the scores of the individuals is larger than the theoretical mean with a significant degree of 0.05 .In addition , the use of the social and religious attribution is larger than the theoretical mean and it is significant at 0.05 , while the escape and avoidance are not significant because the T value is lesser than the table value at 0.05 . 2- The level of the emotional equilibrium is higher than the theoretical mean with a significant difference of 0.05 for both sex . 3- The results show significant difference between the methods of dealing with stressful life events and the emotional equilibrium of the individuals . 4- The research shows a significant difference between the methods of dealing with stressful life events and sex variable . In the light of the findings some recommendations and future research are given .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of lead and salinity stress on seedling stages of eggplant (Solanum melongena ) cv. Barcelona .
تأثير تراكيز مختلفة من الملوحة والتلوث بالرصاص في بعض الصفات الطبيعية لشتلات الباذنجان Solanum melongena صنف برشلونة

المؤلفون: باقر جلاب هادي الربيعي
الصفحات: 73-78
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الخلاصة

An experiment was designed to study the interaction effects of Pb(NO3)2 and salinity on the growth of eggplant . Tow seedling of each plant were transported to each pot , NaCl was added at ( 0 , 250 , 500 , 750 ppm ) on 10 /1/2011 and on 10/2/2011 , while Pb(NO3)2 was added at ( 0 , 50 , 150 mg Pb / Kg soil as Pb(NO3)2 . After 90 days the plants were harvested. Results showed that plant performance was significantly reduced with increasing concentration of both NaCl and Pb Contamination. Plant parameters (plant height cm, root length cm, leave FW and DW gm / plant, root FW and DW gm / plant, shoot FW and DW gm / plant, leaves No. and branches No.) were affected significantly by salinity and Pb . There was a significant interaction between salinity and Pb contamination.

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Article
Measurement of Radii of the Irradiated Red Blood Cells using He-Ne laser
قياس أنصاف اقطار كريات الدم المشععة باستخدام ليزر هيليوم - نيون

المؤلفون: Hassan Maktuff Jaber Al-Taii
الصفحات: 78-87
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الخلاصة

In this research, we have studied the effect of radiation on blood cells that were irradiated by Gamma rays, Beta particles and Alpha particles by means of determination their radii before and after radiation caused by the diffraction of Laser from the blood cells. A comparison has been made with the biological technique for measuring the radii of red blood cells. We found that there is good agreement between the biological and interference techniques, for the non-radiated cells. But, for the radiated cells. We found a clear different between these radii, i.e., measurement of the radii before and after the radiation about (100-1500 Ao) were increased to [O,AB,A] types, but it was decreased to [B] type.

الكلمات الدلالية

blood cell --- Dose --- alpha particles --- beta particles --- Laser


Article
عزل وتشخيص البكتريا المسببة لإمراض ما حول الأسنان لدى المدخنين

المؤلفون: هيام عبد الرضا
الصفحات: 79-82
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الخلاصة

The present study was conducted for the study relationship of smoking and its effect of increase infected percentage with pathogenic bacteria that causes mouth inflammation and dentists . The sample collected from healthy smokers , showed the study for smokers (115) samples the infected percentage with pathogenic Gram Positive bacteria increased with increase amount of smoking 87% . The results show that relationship was direct correlation between the infected percentage with bacteria and smokers age with increased smoking amount and the duration of smoking .

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Article
Diffusion rate effect study on Kinetic of controlled release of (2,4-Dichloroand4-chlorophenoxyacetate)from Zn/Al-layered double hydroxide
دراسة تأثير الأنتشار على حركية تحرر الأيونين (2 ٬ 4 – ثنائي كلورو فينوكسي خلات و 4- كلورو فينوكسي خلات ) من بين طبقات الخارصين/المنيوم ثنائية الهيدروكسيد

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الخلاصة

This study presents release of phenoxy herbicides 2,4-di chloro and 4-chloro phenoxy acetate as nanohybrids from Zn/Al-layers double hydroxide (LDHs) to different aqueous solution as carbonate , phosphate and chloride for different concentration by using direct ion exchange method . effect know of all aqueous solution on diffusion rate both anionic in same time from layer double hydroxide . The diffusion rate both anionic was found 2,4-D>4-CPA.The diffusion rate release in to aqueous solution carbonate>phosphate>chlorate The aim of this study effect know of all aqueous solution on diffusion rate both anionic in same time from layer double hydroxide and effect different aqueous solution , concentration and pH on the diffusion rate both anionic

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Photocatalytic decolorization of Methyl Red dye under solar light
إزالة صبغة المثيل الحمراء تحت ضوء الشمس

المؤلفون: Ahmed Hassan Ali --- Ihsan Habib Dakhil
الصفحات: 88-95
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الخلاصة

Environmental problems associated with hazardous wastes and toxic water pollutants have attracted much attention. Among them, organic dyes are one of the major groups of pollutants inwastewaters produced from textile and other industrial processes. Among various physical, chemical and biological techniques for treatment of wastewaters, heterogeneous photocatalysis has been considered as a cost-effective alternative for water remediation. The superiority of photocatalytic technique in wastewater treatment is due to its advantages over the traditional techniques, such as quick oxidation, no formation of polycyclic products, oxidation of pollutants in the (ppb) range. Photocatalysis is a process by which a semiconductor material absorbs light of energy more than or equal to its band-gap, thereby generating electrons and holes which can further generate free radicals in the system to oxidize the substrate. The resulting free radicals are very efficient oxidizers of organic matter. TiO2 is the most promising photocatalyst due to its facile and cheap application in removing inorganic and organic pollutants from waste waters. In the present study the photocatalytic decolorizaion of Methyl Red (MR) dye has been investigated by employing heterogeneous photocatalysis under solar light. The photocatalytic activity in presence of TiO2 as a semiconductor has been investigated. Thereafter different operational parameters like catalyst loading, pH, initial dye concentration and recycling of catalyst on the photocatalytic decolorizaion which affect the decolorization process have been optimized. The results shows the solar photocatalytic completely degradation of MR dye was noticed in acidic region with a catalyst dose of 2.0 g L–1 and pH = 3 within 225 minutes The experiments also shows the degradation of MR decrease with increase of dye concentration at optimum conditions and performed to evaluate the reusability of the TiO2 for decolorization of Methyl Red.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Using Element and plant Extracts on Growth of Olea europaeu.
تأثير معاملة شتلات الزيتون Olea europaeu.L بعناصر كيميائية ومستخلصات نباتية مختلفة في صفات النمو

المؤلفون: نغم محمود الجمالي
الصفحات: 90-93
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الخلاصة

A Field experiment was conducted at Najaf governorate on seedling olive to study the effect of weekly irrigaltion by using with constant concentration (50)mg/L of plant extracts (Garlic,Nigella sativa, Spinach, Parsley) and elements of (Fe, Mn, K).Results were showed that treatment with plant extracts and elements caused significant in creasing in plant height ,diameter,branches number ,leaf area , number of leaves in branches ,length of branches ,chemical contents of elements in leaves .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Isolation and screening of lactic acid producing Lactobacilli
عزل وغربلة بكتريا Lactobacillusالمنتجة لحامض اللاكتيك

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الخلاصة

Twenty bacterial isolates belonged to the genus of Lactobacillus were obtained from different sources included raw milk , pickles , rural dairy, whey and yoghurt . The above isolates in addition to four isolates belonged to the same genus were subjected to a screening program to test their abilities for lactic acid production using different incubation conditions . Results showed that L. acidophilus and Lactobacillus sp. (25) were the higher producer isolates for lactic acid . The best medium for production of lactic acid from L. acidophilus and Lactobacillus sp. (25) was date juice in comparision with MRS liquid medium ,the lactic acid amounts were (44.02 and 64.8) gm/L by using date juice as production medium, while they were (36.12 and 62.076) gm/L by using MRS medium for both used isolates , respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Compare between A.H. SH Quintet mask and Ant Colony for Mycosis Fungoides Skin image Edge detection

المؤلفون: Ali Hassan Nasser Al-Fayadh --- Hind Rostom Mohamed --- Shayma Maki kadham
الصفحات: 96-104
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الخلاصة

In this paper, in first stage Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) is introduced to tackle the image edge detection problem, where the aim is to extract the edge information presented in the image, since it is crucial to understand the image’s content. The second stage .A.H. SH Quintet mask Appling for same images to find edge detection. The proposed approach exploits a number of ants, which move on the image driven by the local variation of the image’s intensity values, to establish a pheromone matrix, which represents the edge information at each pixel location for Mycosis Fungoides Skin image Edge detection is proposed. The third stage compare between first and second stage for Mycosis Fungoides disease. The Skin image have been identified and the edges of the images used for each and every stages that the database consists of 40 images divided each stage of the Mycosis Fungoides disease Skin image 10 images. For each stage a novel algorithm which combines pixel and region based color segmentation techniques is used. The experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms

الكلمات الدلالية

ACO Edge detection --- Skin image detection --- Segmentation --- Image processing


Article
Finding the optimal solution for fractional linear programming problems with fuzzy numbers

المؤلفون: Aws Nidhal Dheyab
الصفحات: 105-110
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الخلاصة

The fuzzy set and theory has been applied in many fields such as operations research , control theory and management sciences etc ,an application of this theory in decision making problem is linear fractional programming problem with fuzzy numbers , in this study we present a new method for solving fuzzy number fractional linear programming problems by use of linear ranking function

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير الالجنيت الخام في أمراضية جرثومة Pseudomonas aeruginosa المعزولة من عينات سريرية

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الخلاصة

This study was achieved to investigate the bacterium P. aeruginosa in 52 samples collected from the hospitals AL-Hussein Hospital, Children and Obstetrics & Gynecology in the governorate of Karbala, which distributed among the clinical samples as urine , blood, sputum and swabs from ear and burns . P. aeruginosa was isolated in percentage of 45.4% from urine samples and 27.2% from burn swabs while isolated in 13.6% from each of mid ear swabs and sputum samples while in blood , the isolation reached 9.1% . The results of this study confirmed the important role of alginate in increasing pathogenicity and virulence of P. aeruginosa , shown in the apparent decrease in (LD50) of the bacterium with alginate concentration 20 µg/0.1 ml for up to 2.34 × 106 germ cell/ ml compared with a value of 3.16 × 107 germ cell/ ml in the absence of alginate . Also , the injection of different concentrations of alginate with (LD50) effect the percentage of mice dead for up to 100% , with a concentration 20 µg/0.1 ml of alginate . This concentration , which also increased the ability of the bacterium P. aeruginosa invasion that have been observed by calculating the logarithm number of bacterial neighborhood retrieved from the members of the mice infected cells germ and in the presence of increase concentration of alginate which led to a increase proportional in the logarithm of the number of bacterial neighborhood retrieved increase the concentration for up to 2.85, 2.84, 2.75 and 2.70 from liver , spleen , kidney and lung , respectively , when there is a concentration 20 µg/0.1ml of crude alginate .

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Article
Fuzzy Compact and Coercive Mappings

المؤلفون: Habeeb Kareem Abdulla --- Noor Reyadh Kareem
الصفحات: 111-121
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الخلاصة

In this paper we introduce the concept of fuzzy compact and fuzzy coercive mappings in fuzzy topological spaces. Several characterizations and some interesting properties of these mappings are discussed. Also, we explain the relation between fuzzy compact mapping and fuzzy coercive mapping.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تقدير المساحة التنفسية لغلاصم اسماك الحمري Barbus luteus في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

The present study deals with estimation of gill surface area to :Burbus luteus the collection studysampling from AL-Hindia River by use Gill nets and Cost nets ,the appear study Results hasdifferent clear in ranges values to the study length groups ,they have small length groups smallabsolute gill area compare large length groups the have groups large absoluts gill area the rangesvalues (1729.12-4078.75 mm2),is was total length average of gill filament the effect on the increasevalues absolute gill area while don’t appear the two other factor (number of secondary lamellae andsecondary lamellae area)the proved study fishes include in the Sluggish Fishes or Slow Swimmingthis study proved first from species on Burbus luteus

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Article
Scheduling jobs with release dates on identical machines to minimize weighted completion times function

المؤلفون: Hanan Ali Chachan
الصفحات: 122-133
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الخلاصة

This paper considers the problem of scheduling independent jobs with release dates on m identical machines to find minimize the total weighted completion times. The purpose of this paper is to describe meta-heuristic algorithms such as Memetic algorithm approach (MA),Threshold acceptance algorithm (TA) and Tabu search (TS), in order to find near optimal solution (feasible solution) to minimize the total weighted completion time which subject to release dates. The problem denoted as .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The most important Factors affecting the accident, according to the standard Bayesian future
أهم العوامل المؤثرة على الحوادث وفقا لمعيار بيز المستقبلي

المؤلفون: شروق عبد الرضا سعيد السباح
الصفحات: 127-134
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الخلاصة

It is known there are many statistical criteria that will help in the selection of the best models and which ones can choose the model which includes the smallest number of explanatory variables to obtain the same information (roughly) that you get if it included the model of all explanatory variables, as well as the model chosen by these standards characterized by many desirable statistical properties. One of the main criteria used to select models is Normalized Maximum Likelihood (NML ) and Criterion Bayesian future(BFC(Resulting from the integration of normative: Akaike’s Information Criterion (AIC )& Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) to be a more accurate measure. In addition to the expense of the coefficient of determination( R Square) and compared with the average coefficient of determination R2 Adjusted of the partial groups in linear regression models with the coefficient determining R2 Cox, Snell and determine the coefficient R2 Nagelkerke in models of logistic regression and which represent the proportion of variance unexplained variables independent as each model is taken Malay despite differences in the interpretation of variation in each in the case of linear regression the traditional logistic regression. To analyze data pertaining to the phenomenon of accidents and to study factors affecting them by identifying the impact of all variables on the logistic model and the exclusion of important variables in the model study to be reduced to the lowest possible number and composition of a subset of them give information sufficient illustrative of the phenomenon studied.Adopted as the sample (135) of patients coming to emergency Hussein Hospital in Karbala, the holy year, and the information was collected through statistical form included a number of questions to measure a set of variables that affect the fate of an infected person. Was the reason of the person at the scene (business, entertainment, a visit), the cause of the accident (traffic accident, fall from a height, firearms, fire, sharp object, sinking, other), gender, type of injury (bruise, wound, fracture, internal bleeding), the extent of injury (sharp, simple), the place of infection. In order to determine which variables are more important than others primarily affect the fate of the person that came out an improved or enter the lobby or Log in intensive care Accordingly, the research found that the (fate of the person) is linked (type of injury, the extent of injury) more than others and match the performance of the Criterion Bayesian future(BFC(in the selection of models with the Normalized Maximum Likelihood and that the coefficient R2 Nagelkerke is the best in the interpretation of the model and its value is equal to 79% according logistic model.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Q-Smarandache Closed Ideal andQ-Smarandache Fuzzy Closed Ideal With Respect To an Element Of a Q-Smarandache BCH-algebra
المثالية Q – سمرندش المغلقة و المثاليةQ – سمرندش الضبابية المغلقة بالنسبة الى عنصرفي جبر Q-سمرندشBCH

المؤلفون: Husein Hadi Abbass
الصفحات: 134-144
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we define the concepts of (a Q-smarandache closed ideal with respect to an element , a Q-smarandache fuzzy ideal , a Q-smarandache fuzzy closed ideal , a Q-smarandache fuzzy closed ideal with respect to an element ) ofa Q-smarandacheBCH-algebra. We stated and proved some theorems which determine the relationship between these notions and theotherideals of aQ-smarandache BCH-algebra.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Simulation of Strian Rate Effect on the Deep Drawing Force For Dual-Phase Stee
محاكاة تأثيرمعدل الانفعال على قوة السحب العميق لصفائح الصلب ثنائي الطور

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الخلاصة

In this work , the effect of strain rate (speed of the punch) on the total force required to draw dual - phase steel blank has been studied.The specimen is prepared from low carbon steel which is quenched by water from annealing temperature of 800 ◦C . Thetotal force is theoretically calculated in terms of two variables,plastic deformation andfriction . The results have shown that the effect of plastic force is more than the friction force over the required total force for the drawing process . It is found that the plastic force forms a percentage of no less than 91% of the total force and the total force increases with increasing the strain rate (speed of the punch) Also, it is found that the best balance between the total force and the time needed for drawing was at strain rate of 3.33*10-4/sec . Iteration technique,which depend on the finite difference method ,is applied for solving the equation used by dividing the drawing stroke to 50 equal parts . Results have shown that both theoretical and experimental results are in agood agreement .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Statistical and Economical Analysis of Date Tree Productivity In Iraq Of ( 1978 – 2008 ) Duration
التحليل الاقتصادي والاحصائي لأنتاجية نخلة التمر في العراق للمدة (1978- 2008)

المؤلفون: ناجي صافي ناجي
الصفحات: 144-155
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الخلاصة

Statistical Analysis was achieved by using 1.Parametric Tests , One way ANOVA, and Two way ANOVA. 2. Non Parametric Tests by Kruskal – Wallis H Test to compare the mean productivity for seven kinds of dates which are Zahdi, Khistawi, Dary, Khadrawi, Sayer, Hillawi, and Others in Iraq of ( 1978 – 2008 ) duration , this means it was done thirty one block . The CRBD and CRD designs have the same efficient because the R.E. equal ( 100 % ) . The result indicated there were significant differences among the seven types of dates in their productivity at ( 0.01 ) level of significance . By the LSD test , the best was 1. Zahdi, Khistawi, and Others 2. Dary 3. Khadrawi, Sayer, and Hillawi . The productivity average was 50.81 , 46.1 , 42.21 , 38.17 and 28.8, 27.1. and 25.32 ( Kg/tree ) respectively . The average of all kinds was low in case of comparing it with the productivity average of date tree of Egypt . The important suggestion is to do our best to rise the productivity average by adoption of the useful Iraqi , Arabic , and World experiments and by adoption of Iraqi experts to farm the dates by intensive and extensive agriculture .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A study of high sensitivity c-reactive protein ,fibrinogen, troponin I and lipid profile in patients with acute myocardial infarction
دراسة بروتين ج المتفاعل عالي الحساسية,الفايبرينوجين,تروبونين آي وصور الدهون في مرضى إحتشاء عضلة القلب الحاد

المؤلفون: Rana A. Al-Duhaimi --- Moaed E. Al-Gazalyally --- Alla`a H.Abbas Haidar
الصفحات: 145-151
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted on 70 patients with acute myocardial infarction (52 males ,18 females) and 30 (22 males,8 females) apparently healthy subjects were taken as control group from October 2010 till August 2011.Blood collected in coronary care unit at Merjan Teaching Hospital in Hilla city within 12 hours of myocardial infarction attack and all the subjects were fasting at time of sample taking. The patients were diagnosed as having AMI depending on positive troponin I tests ECG finding plus clinical features of AMI, The sera obtained from the patients were used to determine the effect of AMI on high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP),fibrinogen, troponin I, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TGs),very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (VLDL-C), and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations. The results show a highly significant increase in high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP), fibrinogen, troponin I, total cholesterol, triglycerides, very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentration (p<0.001), while highly significant decrease in high density lipoprotein-choleterol(p<0.001) in sera of patients group compared to control group, also the results of this study showed positive significant correlation (r = 0.30, p<0.01) between increment of hsCRP and fibrinogen in patients group on other hand positive but not significant correlation (r =0.044, p<0.05 ) of the above two parameters in control group. Conclusion: Acute myocardial infarction associated with elevation of acute phase proteins. .HsCRP and fibrinogen combination can be used in prediction of early events of atherosclerosis and post infarction complication and how to prevent them. Lipid profile and quantitive determination of cardiac troponin I are always advisable in post AMI.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Corrosion Inhibitors Effects and adsorption properties of Theobromine for the Corrosion of Iron in Hydrochloric Acid Medium
تأثيرات مثبطات التآكل وخواص الامتزاز للثيوبرومين لتأكل الحديد في وسط حامض الهيدروكلوريك

المؤلفون: May Essa Mahmood
الصفحات: 152-162
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الخلاصة

Inhibition of corrosion of iron in hydrochloric acid solutions by theobromine as natural product has been studied using thermometric and galvanometric measurements indicate that the average inhibition efficiency of theobromine at 303ºc ranged from 62.9% to 83.8% and 84.1% to 93.4% respectively. It has been found that theobromine acts as a good corrosion inhibitor for iron in all concentrations of HCl solution. Inhibition was found to increase with increasing concentration of inhibitor. The effects of temperature, immersion time and acid concentration on the corrosion behavior of iron were also studied. The adsorption of theobromine on iron surface obeyed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The activation energy as well as other thermodynamic parameters for the inhibition process was calculated.

الكلمات الدلالية

Adsorption --- Anticorrosion --- Theobromine


Article
باستعمال أحد الطرائق شبه التجريبيةH2O وCO2حساب بعض الخصائص الفيزيائية لجزيئة

المؤلفون: نغـم محـــي التميمــــي
الصفحات: 156-163
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الخلاصة

In this work some spectroscopic and physical properties have been studied using theoretical semi-empirical calculations by MNDO/PM3 method to study the molecular structure for linear molecules and non linear molecules they are;carbon dioxide (CO2) , and water molecules (H2O) respectively in Infra-red regin . This study happen under condition: when we get the equilibrium structure for molecules at minimum total energy (at equilibrium distance req) . for CO2 molecule total energy was (-706.17755) eV , and water was ( -325.3) eV at bond length (1.18 Å) , (0.933 Å) respectively . The other purpose from this paper calculate and study the fundamental vibrational frequencies, and given the number of mode for these molecules , we represented these modes graphically described intensity every mode

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Article
Study prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among human in Baghdad province
دراسة مدى انتشار داء المنشقات البولية في الانسان في محافظة بغداد

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الخلاصة

A total of 643 urine samples from suspected patients attending Al-Yarmuk hospital in Baghdad had been examined during period from 1st December 2009 to the end of November 2010, to detected urinary schistosomiasis (Schistosoma haematobium). Out of 643 urine samples examined, 131 (20.4%) were infected with the parasite. According to the seasons of years, highest rate of infection was in autumn and spring (24.6%, 24.2% respectively), winter season exhibited the lowest rate of infection (7.2%). The result showed that individuals with age up to 25 years have highest rate of infection with urinary schistosomiasis (31%), while it's so much decreased among individuals that were more than 50 years old (10.5%). The study also showed significant differences at level P<0.01 between rate of infection in male (26.1%) and female (6.8%). Clinical signs that related to urinary schistosomiasis infection in some suspected patient were recorded.

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Article
The study of some effect on happened rate of diabete mellite, in children in kerbala and Najaf(2010-2011)
دراسة تأثير بعض العوامل المسببة لأحداث داء سكري الاطفال في محافظتي كربلاء والنجف للعامين 2010-2011

المؤلفون: مهدي عبد الخضر --- عبير جياد يوسف
الصفحات: 164-169
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الخلاصة

This study condected to perform on numbers of children with Diabetes mellitus in age between less than year to more than five year in Karbala and Najaf city for year (2010 – 2011 ), the Total number of state in Karbala for year 2010 was (805) , (435) for boys (370) for girls and the number of state for (2011 ) is ( 888) , ( 459) for boys,(429)for girls . while the number of state in Najaf for gear (2010) was ( 140) state , (78) for boys (62) for girls while the number of state to the same city for year (2011) was (77) state (40) for boys and (37) for girls . The study showed no significant differences between sexual for two city in two years . but study showed significant differences(p≤0.01) in the age facter in all state and the highest state record in the age more than 5 year in Karbala for year 2011 reach to ( 612 . 67± 31.79) twen year 2010 ( 436.00± 17.32 ) in Najaf the highest state record also in the age more than 5 year in the year (2010) then (2011) , (19.00± 5.19 ) and (47.00± 2.30 ) respectively . also showed significant differences in Karbala for two year than Najaf city for child Diabetes infection

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Article
Sub groups of a Symmetric group (S5 , o)

المؤلفون: Muhammad Hassan Sallomi --- Hussein Abed Al Hussein Abbas --- Enaam Hadi Abd
الصفحات: 167-170
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الخلاصة

This research deal with a form of elements of(S5 , o), and introduce some sub groups of symmetric group (S5 , o), also introduce some examples, results and properties about this symmetric group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Response of fenugreek to foliar application of nitrogen and zinc
استجابة نبات الحلبة للتسميد الورقي بالنتروجين والزنك

المؤلفون: حسن عبد الرزاق علي السعدي
الصفحات: 170-175
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الخلاصة

The experiment was conducted in greenhouse condition at Biology Department, Collage of Education /Ibn Hathium Baghdad University during 2010-2011 seasons by using plastic pots of 4kgs soil capacity to evaluate the effect of foliar application of nitrogen (0,1000,2000 mg/l) , zinc (0,25,50 mg/l) and their interaction on some elements concentration and yield of fenugreek plant. N, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe, Cu and Mn elements concentration in the shoot and some yield contents (length, number and weight of pods and weight of seeds)were recorded. The factorial experiment with in random block completely design was adopted means were compared by using L.S.D test. The results from the experiment could by summarized as follows: 1-Application of nitrogen and zinc caused a significant increase in all parameters compared with control treatment. 2-The interaction between nitrogen and zinc increased all parameters where 2000 mg N/l+50mg Zn/l treatment showed the highest influence on the increase of parameters except K and Cu concentration and pod length.

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Article
INFILTRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPACTED SAMPLES OF SUB-BASE MATERIALS
خصائص الترشح لعينة مختبرية من مادة السبيس

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الخلاصة

Many problems are generated by the presence of water from different sources in a pavement structure. The infiltration characteristics of the sub-base are an important component of the hydrological conditions. They are one of the components of the water balance and are necessary to describe the runoff response by a runoff model, in addition to describe the effect of water movement on changing the soil properties within infiltration. The present work emphasis on the characteristics of the infiltration by using laboratory model. This model is performed on compacted sub-base samples of specific density and different heights, 10, 15, and 20cm, for different heads of water, 10, 15, and 20cm. The results revealed that there is a significant effect of water head and height of sub-base layer on the infiltration with high interaction of the wetting conditions of the sample. A statistical analysis was made to develop a relationship among the different studied parameters.

الكلمات الدلالية

infiltration --- sub-base --- water movement --- pavement --- rate of infiltration


Article
STUDY THE VARIATION OF BIOLOGY OF THE HONEY BEE COLONY OF Apis mellifera L . BY USING MAGNETIC WATER
دراسة مدى التغيرات الحياتية لطوائف نحل العسل Apis mellifera L . باستخدام الماء الممغنط .

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الخلاصة

This study the effect of the magnetic water on the biological of the honey bee in Iraq ,experiments were adopted in the period between February to June 2011 in Kerbala. So we choose six swarms of honey bee Apis mellifera L. (Iraqi strain) which they equal in every thing. The swarms were divided random’s into two groups. The first group (first treatment) fed with sugar solution (2 sugar: 1 water) (content magnetic water), and the second group (second treatment) fed with sugar solution (Unmagnetic water). The experiments appear that, the Queen in the first treatment layed eggs by mean number of 789.9 eggs/Q ,infront of the second treatment Queen layed 551.05 eggs/Q .the surveying of the brood ,honey and pollen were recording 1087,1755,83.3 (inch)2 at sequence in the water treatment comparing to 593 , 1116 , 51.4 , (inch)2 at control treatment. The number of the Queen houses recorded 6.46 Q.h / hive in the magnetic water treatment and 3.59 Q.h/ hive in the unmagnetic water treatment.

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Article
Preparation and Characterization of Some Metal Ions Complexes with Heterocyclic Azo Ligand (Bbai)

المؤلفون: Layla. A. Mohamad --- Muna. A . Hadi --- allham . A. mehadi
الصفحات: 181-187
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الخلاصة

The preparation and characterization of the Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) metal complexes of heterocyclic azo ligand 2,2'-[(1,1'-Biphenyl)-4,4'- diyl-bis-(azo)]-bis [4,5-diphenyl imidazole ] (Bbai) have been studied by elemental analysis, IR and Spectroscopic, magnetic moment and Molar conductance methods. The analytical data showed that all chelate complexes were prepared with (ligand:metal) ratio of (1:1). The general formula of these complexes was [M2L2Cl4], and the octahedral geometry were suggested for these complexes L:M ratio was 1:1 for all homodinuclear prepared complexes.

الكلمات الدلالية

Heter cyclic azo ligand;Metal chelate complexes.


Article
Effect of added Vitamin C ratio 250mg/liter to drinking water on prodection trails of heberd broiler
تأثيرأضافة فيتامين C بنسبة 250ملغم/لتر الى ماء الشرب على الصفات الأنتاجية لفروج لحم سلالةهبرد

المؤلفون: سهاد حسن أرحيم
الصفحات: 183-187
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الخلاصة

This studied aimed to evaluate the effect addition of 250mgL of drinking water on prodection trails of heberd broileron body weight, body weight gain, feed intak and feed conversation .we used sixsty bro- iler (Hiberd)chikense was divided in to :ferst groupa (20 chikense )added vitamin c 250 mgLin drinking water second group(20 chikense )no a dded vitamin c 250 mgLin drinking waterbut vaccinated with Nucastel and Gamboro disaes vaccine .therd group(20 chikense not a dded vitamin c 250 mgLin drinking water but vaccinated with Nucastel and Gamboro disaes vaccine the results appear that the first group increased significantin(p≤0.05) body weight,body weight gain and dident effect significantly(p≤0.05) in feed intak and feed conversation the second group recored significant increase (p≤0.05)compaierd withthe thired group. the additions of vitamin Clead to prodection benefit in increased broiler weighta and weight gain, decreased feed intak and effect in feed conversation .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Isolation and characterization of two thermotolerant Kerosene degrading bacteria from oily contaminated soil

المؤلفون: Wesam A.Z. altaher
الصفحات: 188-196
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الخلاصة

Seven bacterial isolates were isolated from soils contaminated with used diesel engine oils which had been used at a high temperature. Two isolates were gram negative bacteria and the other five were gram positive. All of these bacteria were tested for growth in Bushnell & Haas broth (BH broth) with kerosene as a carbon source at various temperatures (25˚ – 48˚C). One isolate grew well and gave significant growth at (37˚ – 48˚C (, another isolate grew well at ) 37˚ - 42˚C(, the other five isolates lost viability after the first day of incubation at all temperature conditions tested. The two isolates which could grow in BH broth with kerosene were classified as Sphingomonas spiritivorum and Pseudomonas chlororaphis

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Article
Physiological and epidemiologic study for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Kerbala Al Mukadssa
دراسة وبائية وفسلجية لمرض السل الرئوي في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

This study condected to investigates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from January till december 2007 from primary of care chest in Kirbala province , Atotal number collecting 339 (196 male &143 female).the study showed of infection with TB according to the months the higher percentage recorded in April then February reached (0.76,0.75) respectively. Also the affect of sex with infection disease showed high in male compared with female (0.55,0.43)respectively the study showed also active the highest according to another type ofTB (0.85) the study showed relation between age and percentage of infection and found the redy of infection in the age under 34 years old.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Thermal Modeling for Studying Optical System Using Zemax Program
أنموذج حراري لدراسة الأنظمة البصرية باستخدام برنامج زيماكس

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الخلاصة

The thermal properties of lenses play an important role in the performance of optical systems. The effects of temperature changes on lens performance are discussed. The comparison between the output results using Zemax and the results obtained from the analytical solution of the equations using by the researchers are performed for describing the change of focal length and the radius of spot energy as a function of temperature depending on the prescription output data from Zemax program for optical glass types using in manufacture process which is contained the following types SK16,SK11 ,F2 , K7 .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and Chracterization of 1,3,4- oxadiazole derivatives with some new transition metal complexes

المؤلفون: Ibrahim abood flifel --- Samah Hussein Kadhim
الصفحات: 197-209
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الخلاصة

A new ligands N-[(1E)-(2-bromo phenyl)methylene]-5-hydrazino-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-amine (L1) and ethanedial{5-[(2-bromobenzylidene)amino]-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl}hydrazone (L2)and its Co(II), Ni(II)and Cu(II) complexes were synthesized. The authenticity of the ligands (L1,L2). This complexes were established by elemental analysis, conductance and magnetic susceptibility measurements, as well as spectroscopic (FTIR, mass, uv-visible,). The FTIR and mass spectra were corresponding as it is expected. The (L1) acts as a bidentate ligand coordinating through the oxygen atom of the oxadiazole ring and the nitrogen atom of amino group. This view is further supported by the appearance of a band corresponding to the metal-nitrogen and metal-oxygen stretching vibration at 454–688 cm–1 and 314-466 cm-1 in the complexes respectively. The (L2) acts as a tridentate ligand coordinating through the two oxygen atosms of the oxadiazole ring and [C=O]gruop and the nitrogen atom of shiff base [C=N]. The magnetic studies suggest an tetrahedral and octahedral geometry of the complexes .The complex of Co(III) for the (L1) have shown octahedral geometry,the complex of Cu(II) has shown tetrahedral geometry with (L1). The complexes of [Ni(II), Cu(II)] for the (L2) have shown tetrahedral geometry.

الكلمات الدلالية

1 --- 3 --- 4-oxadiazol --- transition metal complexes --- IR spectra --- mass spectra --- electronic spectra.


Article
موقع الصناعات الصغيرة في ظل برامج التكييف الهيكلي

المؤلفون: كمال كاظم الشمري --- كاظم احمد البطاط
الصفحات: 203-219
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الخلاصة

Small Industries have a significant role in the economies of nations for the properties they have in organizing skills and the ability to invent and getting acquainted with the market let alone their closeness to the customers and their ability to produce services and commodities which are like inputs to produce other outputs and many other properties. Thus small industries are looked at as the supports of the industrial development all over the world and have great significance for the economic decision-makers in the light of their role in the social and economic development. Historically, the industries have suffered many problems that were reflected on emaciating their contribution to the basic economic development in the third world countries and recently came to be associated with open markets and the application of the principles of economic freedom via the spread of globalization and what is termed as the structural adaptation programs. The paper attempts at dealing with the means and mechanisms that can protect and activate these industries in the light of the economic developments.

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Article
Study the Effect of Ambient Oxygen Pressure on Structural and Optical Properties of Pure SnO2Thin films Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition
دراسة تاثير ضغط الاوكسجين على الخواص التركيبية والبصرية لاغشية الرقيقة لثاني اوكسيد القصدير النقي المحضر بواسطة الترسيب بالليزر النبضي

المؤلفون: Nada Abdul Hadi Kareem Al-Enizi
الصفحات: 210-216
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الخلاصة

Polycrystalline pure SnO2 thin films were deposited on glass substrates at fixed substrate temperature (400C°) by (Nd-YAG )pulsed laser deposition (PLD) with pulse energy(5000 mJ), pulse width(10ns) at a different ambient oxygen pressure (10-1,10-2,10-3) torr. The effect of ambient oxygen pressure on the structural and optical properties of SnO2 thin films was studied. (XRD) X-ray diffraction and AFM (atomic force microscopy) methods were used to examine the structure and morphology of the films in this work. From (XRD) X-ray diffraction of the SnO2 films, it was found that the deposited films showed some differences compared with the oxygen pressure and the intensities of the peaks of the crystalline phases decreased with the increase of oxygen. From AFM images, the distinct variations in the morphology of the thin films were also observed, from the transmittance of SnO2 it was found that the optical transmission of SnO2 films at high oxygen pressure is low than for low ambient oxygen pressure.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Simulation of Magnetic Electron Lenses

المؤلفون: Ali Hadi Hassan Al-Batat --- Zaman Hameed Kareem Al-Rubaye
الصفحات: 217-227
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الخلاصة

A computational investigation on the simulation and design of symmetrical double polepiece magnetic electron lens using optimization by synthesis approach has been done. The field formula and its related axial functions requaired for synthesis design of the charged particle lens have been determined with aid of Simulation environment in Matlab. The objective focal properties of the double polepiece magnetic lenses with respect to the image space have been studied under the effect of the field parameters.

الكلمات الدلالية

Simulink --- Modeling --- Electron optics --- Synthesis procedure


Article
حساب مستويات الطاقة لنظائر البلاتينيوم 202-204Pt باستخدام انموذج القشرة النووي

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الخلاصة

Binding energy and energy levels of both positive and negative parities for Platinum isotopes with neutron numbers between 124 and 126 have been calculated through shell model calculations using the shell model code OXBASH for Windows by employing Pb206BU.int and khhe.int interactions of the neutron and proton hole for 202Pt and 203,204Pt, respectively. The predicted low-lying levels (energies, spins and parities) results are in good agreement with the available experimental data.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of Wind speed for Electricity Generation in Technical Institute / Mosul
تقييم سرعة الرياح لتوليد الطاقة الكهرباء في المعهد التقني / الموصل

المؤلفون: Khalid M. Yaseen Al-ubeidi
الصفحات: 229-240
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الخلاصة

The present research deals with the assessment of wind speed for electricity generation in Technical Institute / Mosul for laboratory usage. A wind mill was designed and fabricated to carry out the experimental work, it was positioned on a tower of 30 meter height above sea level, and the wind speed was measured and recorded by Anemometer device every 20 seconds and then were averaged over 10 minute. The 10 minute average wind speed data were then averaged over one hour. All the wind speed data were measured and recorded close the wind mill apparatus. The Weibull Probability Density Function for wind potential was calculated from the mean wind speed data and the Weibull scale factor c was calculated. Experimented results showed that the relationship between the average wind speed and the scale factor c was . The measured and calculated wind speed data were also averaged over each eight hours period for each day of the whole month in March, and the experimental results revealed an average wind speed of 6.2 m/s which was available for large parts of the day. The results also showed that the are a certain periods in which the wind speed are useful for converting their power to an electricity for laboratory usage. It was also concluded that there is an enough number of hours in which the wind speed of a high potential power are available and enough for running the wind mill. The results obtained for the wind speed measured by Anemometer device and the Weibull Probability Density Function showed a best fitting between wind speed measured in the present study and the wind speed distribution for Weibull Probability Density Function which indicate that there is an efficiency and enough wind speed on the top of the workshop in Technical Institute / Mosul for the generation of electricity which can run the devices and the instruments for laboratory usage.


Article
Improvement From Additive Noise Removing From Digital Images using Filter mean
تحسين الصور الرقمية لأزالة الضوضاء الجمعية باستخدام مرشح المعدل

المؤلفون: أوراس موسى عمران
الصفحات: 231-244
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الخلاصة

Imaging systems always not give a perfect and ideal images . But , give degraded and noisy images , ( i.e. reduce the image resolution ) .when the parodied images with non , sharp edges . This causes from imaging systems limitation or from using digitized smoothing filters reduce image noise .The important image information contained in the image edge regions .So , when we want to estimate image quality must not be take for all image plane without recognize the important image regions . The most image evaluation criterion not duped mainly on determine the image edge and fine detail quality .But duped on evaluate the global quality for all image plane , or for only the homogenous regions . So that in this study and introduce anew approaches to evaluate image quality by Most image evaluation measurement don’t depend on determining image edges quality and its sharpness , but depend on general evaluation for all image plane , therefore , in this paper we shall examine the image quality by calculate the contrast , entropy , and the mean of error square in the image measurements to evaluate the image goodness and then the efficiency of different processing for digital image . We depend on effects of image smoothing to remove Gaussian noise by using (average filter mean filter )and determine the amount of blurring in image

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Thermo Physical Behavior of Binary and Ternary System's For Cyclohexanol With Some Ketones at Three Temperatures
السلوك الثرموفيزيائي للنظام الثنائي والثلاثي للسايكلو هكسانول مع بعض الكيتونات عند ثلاث درجات حرارية

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الخلاصة

The density and viscosity of binary mixtures cyclohexanol + 2-hexanone, cyclohexanol + 2-heptanone and ternary mixture cyclohexanol + 2-hexanone + 2-heptanone have been measured over the range of temperatures (293.15K, 303.15K and 313.15K). The excess molar volume and excess viscosity of binary systems were also calculated, and the results were fitted to a well-known Redlich-kister-type polynomial equation. As for the ternary system studied, the excess molar volume shows a positive from ideal at the three different temperatures studied. The excess viscosity shows positive deviation from the ideality at (293.15K and 303.15K) at decrease mole fraction X1, and at the temperature (313.15K) shows a positive deviation and becomes too negative deviation at increase of the mole fraction X1.


Article
ON THEMEASURABLE FAMILIES OF S ̂- BANACH LATTICE

المؤلفون: Ali HussainBattor --- Zeinab Hassan Abood
الصفحات: 252-258
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الخلاصة

The aim of this paper is to study a measurable families ofS ̂- Banach lattice and their decomposition of a separable BanachS ̂- vector lattice into measurable field of Banach lattice . Moreover there exists a Freudenthal unit in X ̂ if and only if it exists in X_τ .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Some New Schiff Base Derivatives from 4-Nitro-o-Phenylene diamine

المؤلفون: Afaq A.Turki
الصفحات: 259-266
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الخلاصة

Many Schiff bases were prepared by condensation reaction of 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine with benzaldehyde and some of its o-substituted derivatives in alcohol medium. All the ompounds were characterised by C.H.N. elemental analysis, FT-IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Some New 1,3-Oxazepine Derivatives Containing Pyrazolone Moiety Via [2+5] Cycloaddition Reaction

المؤلفون: Zaid Hassan Abood --- Haitham Dalol Hanoon --- Rahman Tama Haiwal
الصفحات: 267-284
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الخلاصة

This work included synthesis of some new 1,3-oxazepine derivatives starting from 4-Amino-1,5-dimethyl-2-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-3(2H)-one [1]. Firstly, compound [1] was converted to the corresponding imine derivatives [2] and [3] through condensation reaction with each 4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde and 2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde, respectively, in presence of glacial acetic acid in absolute ethanol. Imine derivatives [2] and [3] were then introduced in [2+5] cycloaddition reaction with each Phethalic anhydride, 3-Nitrophthalic anhydride and Maleic anhydride, respectively, in dry benzene to give 1,3-oxazepine derivatives [4-9]. These new derivatives might have some biological activity. The structures of all prepared compounds were confirmed by C.H.N. elementary analysis and FT-IR spectra. Also 1H-NMR spectroscopy was used to identify structure of one new compound.

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Article
ON COMPLETELY PRIME IDEAL WITH RESPECT TO AN ELEMENT OF A NEAR RING
المثالية الأولية التامة بالنسبة إلى عنصر في الحلقة القريبة

المؤلفون: Husein Hadi Abbass --- Mohanad Ali Mohammed
الصفحات: 285-301
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الخلاصة

In this paper , we introduce the notions of completely prime ideal with respect to an element x denoted By (x-C.P.I) of a near ring and the completely prime ideals near ring with respect to an element x. Also we study the image and inverse image of x-C.P.I under epimomorphism and the direct product of x-C.P.I near ring are studied, and some types of ideals that becomes (x-C.P.I) of a near ring,and the Relationships between the completely prime ideal with respect to an element x of a near ring N and some other types of ideals

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Article
ON COMPLETELY CLOSED IDEAL WITH RESPECT TO AN ELEMENT OF A BH-ALGEBRA
المثالية المغلقة تماماً بالنسبة إلى عنصر في جبر-BH

المؤلفون: Husein Hadi Abbass --- Hayder Abbas Dahham
الصفحات: 302-312
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we introduce the notions of a completely closed ideal and a completely closed ideal with respect to an element of a BH-algebra .Also we study these notions on a BG-algebra and B-algebra, We stated and proved some theorems which determine the relationship between these notions and some other types of ideals of a BH-algebra and a BG-algebra.

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Article
The Mathematical Model of RCC Dam Break, Bastora Dam as a Case Study

المؤلفون: Najm O.S. Alghazali --- Dilshad A.H. Alhadrawi
الصفحات: 313-324
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الخلاصة

In this study, the simulation of the hypothetical failure of Bastora dam and prediction of the resultingflood wave are performed. Bastora dam is a roller compacted concrete (RCC) dam, it is located North East of Iraq about 30 km from Erbil city. Five different cases of breach width are investigated for the analysis of dam break simulations (0.2, 0.3, 0.35, 0.4, and 0.5) times of the dam crest length to determine the peak outflow. To predict the flood wave, the hydrologic technique involves the level pool routing method is used to compute the reservoir outflow hydrograph. Routing the breach outflow hydrograph downstream the dam is achieved by using the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers computer program (HEC - RAS 3.1.3) which is based on the complete one dimensional Saint-Venant equations for unsteady flow. The maximum water levels and maximum discharges at (11) sections of the river downstream the dam are determined for the case of Bastora dam failure due to over-stressing. The rescue level is also determined.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ON WEAKLY λ-CONTINUOUS FUNCTIONS IN BITOPOLOGICAL SPACES

المؤلفون: Samah Abd Al- hadi --- Nada Mohammed Abbas --- Azal Jaafer Moosa Meera
الصفحات: 325-327
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الخلاصة

As a generalization of λ -continuous functions, we introduce and study several properties of weakly λ -continuous functions in Bitopological spaces and we obtain its several characterizations Keywords and phrases. Bitopological spaces, λ -open sets ,weakly λ -continuous function.

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Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Some New Schiff bases Derived from ferrocene compounds

المؤلفون: Nesreen N.Majeed --- Adil A.Al-Fregi --- Abbas.F.Abbas
الصفحات: 328-338
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الخلاصة

Two series of Schiff base compounds were synthesized, first series synthesized by the condensation of carbonyl ferrocene derivatives with 1,6-diaminohexane in alcohol medium. The second series synthesized by the condensation of carbonyl ferrocene derivatives with 1,4-diaminobenzene in alcohol medium. All the compounds were characterized by C.H.N. elemental analysis, FT-IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy

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Article
SOLAR POND IS A NEW TECHNIQUE OF SUPPLYING THERMAL ENERGY

المؤلفون: Jassim T. Mahdi
الصفحات: 339-347
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الخلاصة

A performance study of using solar ponds for collecting and storing solar energy in a form of thermal energy was carried out. It displays various calculations for the required solar pond surface area for collecting the solar radiation, heat exchange pipe length and pipes surface area for extracting the heat from the pond and many other important design factors. These give an indication to estimate how big it must be the required pond and what output liquid temperature can be reached to achieve basic requirements for a certain project rely on heat supply. By doing such a project will save the environment and a lot of energy cost in addition of reduces the production of CO2 to save the life on the earth. And in the same time it can be concluded thatreducing the required output liquid temperature from 70oC down to 60oC would save nearly third of the pipes needed in the same time third of the pond surface area. And this will confirm that the solar pond technology is working well with moderate output liquid temperature applications.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Dielectric behavior and Ac conductivity measurements of bulk (TiO2, ZnO/Epoxy) composites
دراسة السلوك العازل الكهربائي والتوصيلية الكهربائية المتناوبة لتمراكبات (راتنج الايبوكسي ـ اوكسيد التيتانيوم) و(راتنج الايبوكسي ـ اوكسيد الزنك)

المؤلفون: Abdullah A. Hussein --- Abdulwahab. A.Sultan --- Tahseen A. Saki
الصفحات: 348-356
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الخلاصة

Dielectric behavior and ac conductivity measurements on epoxy resin filled with (5, 10, 15, 20, 25 wt.%.) micro sized particles of TiO2 and ZnO have been studied.. The measurements were carried out in the frequency range (120Hz - 2MHz) and over a wide temperature 30 ◦C and 110◦C. Different dielectric behavior was observed depending on filler type, filler contact, frequency and temperature. Results show that dielectric permittivity (ε') and dielectric loss(ε") increases with the addition of epoxy resin, which has been attributed to interfacial polarization. The value of (ε') increased with increasing temperature, due to the greater freedom for movement of the dipole molecular chains within the epoxy at high temperature. The value of (ε') decreases with increasing frequency, which indicates that the major contribution to the polarization comes from orientation polarization. Interfacial relaxation is found to be strongly dependent on the presence of micro-filler particles. The Alternating Current (AC) conductivity increases as the temperature and frequency, because of the segmental mobility and electrical conduction.

الكلمات الدلالية

dielectric spectroscopy --- ac conductivity --- epoxy resin --- TiO2 --- ZnO

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