Table of content

al-academy

مجلة الاكاديمي

ISSN: 25232029 18195229
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Fine Arts
Language: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

About

jornal of the college of fine Arts University of baghdad

web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Loading...
Contact info

email : al.academy@cofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq
phone number: 009647703467114
web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2012 volume: issue:64

Article
Red curtain symbol in European paintings (1600–1800 AD)
رموز الستارة الحمراء في الرسوم الزيتية الاوروبية (1600 -1800م )

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

It is easily for any researcher in the European paintings history to observe many of the secondary formal vocabulary that repeated its appearance; some of them carried a Logical justification like the door shape on the room wall in a painting embodied an internal scene, some of them the recipient receives it granted for its more repetition therefor the eye used to it and became inherited visually, Not looking to it about the reason for its existence, for example, the volatile red curtains and drop-down. Some of these shapes may related to one drawer or group of contemporary drawers within the time period, the formal word may become a symbol can be observe its birth, followed by its first roots, limiting its repeated appearance and different during a consecutive time period as well as its interpretations, intellectual denotations, some of them its relation with the recipient and the society, or it is the formal words employed by the producer. Therefor this research was about the red curtain shapes in the European oil paintings in Baroque era and Rococo where its appearance was most prominent and extinguished, toward that the real goal results in disclosure about the symbolic denotations of red curtain shape and its role in supporting and enriching the intellectual contents in the achieved European oil paintings in Baroque era and Rococo in the second chapter some of researches have classified in what enrich the researcher and the reader by information quantity that able him to complete the analysis process in agree with the research goals the first one discussed the curtain among the job, theatre and symbol, the second one discussed the history and red color symbols but the third one discussed the European painting in Baroque era and Rococo the third chapter discussed information about the research society and methodology where depended on the stylistic descriptive approach of samples that numbers reached four and after the completion of analysis process the researcher reached to group of results in chapter four, included: 1. Affecting by the dramatic atmospheres in how a narrative text in a narrated directive seeing for the spectator, with a comprehensive denotation as well as the effecting of the general theatrical shape (stage, curtain and lighting) on the drawer view that discussed his subject and ideas, Baroque drawers and Rococo presented many paintings the effects of theatrical atmospheres appeared very clear in it the appearance of the red curtain shape similar to the theatrical curtain was the most effect and extinguished in that. As it employed intellectual when it became in its red color which attract the attention, a symbol for the exciting which dispelled disclosing what behind it from secrets, the elements of surprise and astonishment at the recipient are cooperated to create a state of feeling by the discovery pleasure. 2. Because of the red color is a symbol of burning emotion and the attraction related with the bodily exciting. It has employed the red curtain shape as a justification to appear the dark red sometimes or in its second shape in another time in most paintings that discussed the human love subject and the emotional relations or in paintings showed the feminine body charms to show the bodily exciting or assuring for the seduction idea .

Keywords


Article
Symbolic dimension in school metaphysical
البعد الرمزي في المدرسة الميتافيزيقية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

School is"metaphysical" school of art and philosophical look at the phenomena of the world in mind and not intuitive mystical blend of reason and passion and innovate techniques combine different and intellectual fantasies of recombinant and natural phenomena Vmekdrh rights to create symbols of the medium between him and the things of the most important features that distinguish it from other objects, thanks to the media was able to go beyond dealing with the physical world directly but only by invoking the Mamnha of the symbols of the place, and with the evolution of human consciousness has become a function of the symbol, more extensive and complicated nominally no longer a meaningful dimensions are fixed, but variety is determined not only by the context in which it appears this phenomenon is reflected in the technical field in particular, has been awarded the artists bypassing their symbols other dimensions beyond the symbolic humble him to embody their vision to the world around them with visions of spiritual fantasy metaphysical far from reality, and building on the adoption of the above research problem through the following question: Is there a symbolic dimensions in the metaphysical school? In the case of its existence as a mechanism of operation of the symbolic dimension in the school metaphysics? Did the dimensions is directly or indirectly?

Keywords


Article
Processors written in Assyrian wall sculpture
المعالجات الخطية في النحت الجداري الآشوري

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

To talk about processors written in relief sculpture Assyrian it must be pointed to three assets first definition line unit junior to form a manifestation of forms through the tradition of its manifestations and simulation forms, custom line by scholars and researchers through several points of view and was told that he (resulting from the movement of a point in the path identifies edges surfaces) and told him that he (the most important element of the design) is formed line visible in the two tracks, the first in which the line it really exists formed three dimensions of the blocks length, width and height, which we dealt with him in search of the samples elected sculptural works mural artist Assyrian , second and virtual presence in composition depends on the laws of optical illusion, and contrast and optical and proportionality relations and the laws of perspective, a user in the other arts. Line in relief sculpture Assyrian it really exists three dimensions and appear in blocks of sculpture in murals relief sculpture Assyrian Khq longitudinally can be classified in three types, line interna deep has been used to suggest rigidity and strength, line interna average to suggest harmony and consistency surfaces blocs sculpture, line interna low suggestible gently and smooth surfaces of the blocks. Internal line appears in the art of sculpture with the advent of Sumerian relief sculpture and did use and evolved craftsmen formed in the Assyrian era has created the need to use in the process of sculpture to adorn the entrances of palaces of King Sargon II and temples structures and walls of the halls religious ceremonies and rituals. Light plays an important role in the visual manifestations of internal line in the Assyrian wall sculpture. He Assyrian sculptor in building wall sculptures technical configurations to use deep internal line to suggest strength and stiffness and prestige شخوصه which appeared in his sculptures he gives to feature built type severe limits opaque. Use sculptor Assyrian lines cavernous three types in Maagath sculpture has hired line interna deep in the formation of built form of the muscle of the arms and legs to suggest Beslaptha and strength and hired line interna light in the formation of built form Blankets clothes and tapes decorative embellished to suggest Brguetha and smoothness as hired line interna average to suggest dimension third or carved depth and consistency of texture and harmony in the roofs of the three levels of the bloc. Confirms data analytical study of the configuration process mass, and Maagath sculpture through appearances configuration artistic sculpture parietal Assyrian that sculptor Assyrian had a scientific methodology in the management of its activities creative, Maagath linear modulation sculptured and it is the first of care at optical line in formation sculptured.

Keywords


Article
Folklore in contemporary Iraqi drawing
التراث الشعبي في الرسم العراقي المعاصر

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Off the importance of research for an attempt to study the use of contemporary pop culture artist in his works of art Contemporary Fine solutions to employ expressive and symbolic role of the items of the popular tradition to express the following topics: • topics that reflect the man next to him the material and spiritual, such as "envy and the Spirit" in the doctrine of life post-death to the ancients and their relationship to popular heritage in the mystical philosophy and grassroots groups beliefs. • Special Topics researcher's personal life and social try to express personal Iraq, where groping popular folk life and its relation to patterns of life in contemporary society. And there is a need for this research as an attempt to benefit researchers and scholars interested in the different arts through research the best ways to employ the popular tradition in painting Fine across art forms for a number of contemporary Iraqi artists.

Keywords


Article
Techniques of casting bronze sculptures in the old Iraq
تقنيات صب التماثيل البرونزية في العراق القديم

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

It is no doubt that though the artistic creativity and the distinctive capabilities of the Sumerian sculpture in the field of engraving on stone, but he could not convey the real expression of his vision and his artistic ambition only through using materials that depend a technology considered as invented and unprecedented in sculpture, which later on became an important and supporting factor in achieving his aim and his aesthetic vision which he sought to reach sculpting works made of stone more serious and more actual. And through these works he expressed his creative artistic personality. He could employ this material, the bronze which is not free problems, to achieve what he could not achieve on stone before. Bronze ingot with its characteristics gave the Sumerian sculpture a wide space and full liberty that accord with his ambitions in accomplishing the best. The characteristics of this material motivated him to artistic works were subject to high technology of molding through which he could free himself from the barriers of stone characteristics. So he never hesitated in embodying sculpting works characterized with reality represented in, generally, freedom in moving the hands, the legs and the body

Keywords


Article
The importance of technology tool carved wooden sculpture of contemporary Iraqi
أهمية الادوات في تقنية المنحوتة ألخشبية في النحت العراقي المعاصر

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Tools are regarded as important vehicles in carrying out the sculptor work and an important creative elements of the creative works for its importance as far as the wooden object is concerned. Hence, the importance of the study which tools and their role in the formulation of the woody sculptures in chapter One, in addition to the definition of some basic terms that are relevant to the present study. The second chapter included two inquiries: the first inquiry tackled a historical preview of the use of wooden tools staring from the Greek civilization and ending in the modern Iraq. While the second inquiry tackled the tools used in sculpture with details of their volumes and types. The third chapter included a detailed description of the procedures of the study which the researcher followed , and which has been taken in the analytical descriptive based on observation in describing the samples according to the tools deducted from the theoretical framework. The chapter has also included the choice of sample which tackled four Iraqi artists known in their dealing with the wood, and their role in the movement of sculpture of Iraq, who are: (Khalid Al-rahal, Mohammed Ghani Hikmet, Khaleel Alward and Hadi Abbas Al-Saeed). The fourth chapter included the group of finding such as that the tools associated with the life of man and were developed according to the requests of life. The shovel and the hammer were known since ancient time and today their shapes were varied to be tens of types as in the second inquiry

Keywords


Article
gestalt dramatic act Vedra model
جشطالت الفعل الدرامي فيدرا أنموذجاً

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The research aims know shifts to build dramatic reaction mediated analysis and synthesis of internal relations drama generated text

Keywords


Article
Evolution of the administration in the Iraqi theater
تطـور الادارة المسـرحية في المسرح العراقي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Management play great importance in the process of producing the play, because it is considered an element of theater, an element necessary and important because then summon the other elements, which is responsible for following up its business and complete its tasks, and stand on the stages of production since the first step in the preparation and even the end of the presentations and post- the presentations, research consists of three , The first section discusses the history of theater in Iraq and the second section discusses the privacy of the pioneers in the Iraqi theater, and the third section discusses drama about the importance of management and research found that the administration did not develop scientifically and academically since the era of pioneers and up to now

Keywords


Article
Body and structural image in dramatic dance performances
الجسد وإنشائية الصورة في عروض الرقص الدرامي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A body one of the tools stage actor as the element appears has and which he can find relations of communication, including surrounds, as well as it plays the body in the theater an important role in the play in general, and we see in the dance drama that has become a new style in the theater, which depends on the body directly through the claims of the language of communication and interaction with the receiver as well as the production of many of the images that refer the recipient to the terms of reference of an intellectual, historical and art through movement and formation mediated by the body, depending on the energy possessed by the ability to move its parts in a manner consistent with the nature and the form is raised and this called for a researcher to formulate placed his research (the body and construction is in the dance drama fire from heaven, a model). The most important conclusions reached by the researcher are: 1. Physical functioning of the system on the production of motor movements and conditions that contribute to the show aesthetic and artistic image of the play, where the richest body of the language spoken in delivering it to the meaning of the play. 2. Worked to give physical formations suggestive pictures of the dramatic nature of the conflict between good and evil, carriers intellectual and aesthetic implications of which helped the body / dancer on the rise of balling with his ability in the vicinity of Scenography and theatrical space.

Keywords


Article
Strategy metaphor for modern interior designs
الاستعارة كإستراتيجية للتصاميم الداخلية الحديثة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Metaphor in interior design has drawn the attention of theoreticians, critics and those specialized in the field of interior design. So This study has pinpointed some inadequacies of previous works, namely ambiguity and lack of well-defined frameworks, which emphasized the importance of this work and outlined its problem, aims and procedure. In order to highlight the required framework, the research presented some definitions of the concept of "Metaphor as strategy" from different viewpoints and discussed the early studies tackling it. The research made use of literary and architectural studies to come out with a detailed theoretical framework for the metaphor in interior design. This included many topics : What is meant by, metaphor, References, How to deal with references , The degree of strategy in metaphor. The realization of this framework represented the first stage of the method followed in this study. As for the requirements of the second stage (the application of the theoretical framework) , which were delimited by the choice of four groups of projects representing Post-Modernism approaches, in order to find a general model that realizes the metaphor as strategy, the contrast between those four approaches, in order to find out the strategic factor that influence metaphor to create forms in interior design. The application required delineating the components of the framework applied as well as the hypotheses, data collection, and measurement of variables and the method of carrying out the measurement of the projects in the practical part of this study. As for the conclusions of the practical part, they emphasized the instrumental role of the designer and the metaphor means in communicating and enriching meaning of this concept in interior design. They also attributed the discrepancies between the schools of Post-Modernism approaches to the differences in their intellectual stands as well as their practical works tendencies. This outlined a special model for each of these approaches regarding the strategy of metaphor manifested in its final product.

Keywords


Article
Aesthetics of Color in Designing Commercial Advertisement
جمالية اللون في تصميم الإعلان التجاري

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The current study deals with color treatment that a designer uses as it is one of the most important elements which share in evoluting a visible entity and direct the visual recognition of the audience who considers them as the visual reactor in the communication process. The study aims at identifying the aesthetic side of color in designing commercial advertisement . spatiotemporal limits of the study is restricted to commercial advertisements in Nenevah Governorate /Iraq 2009-2010. The second chapter of the study deals with theoretical frame which is covered by three sections; the first is an introduction of color, its psychology and its aesthetic side. The second deals with color cognition, the functional expressive dimensions of color employment and the designing space. The third section talks about the visual attraction and communication of color, the relation of color with designing constituents of the commercial advertisement, light value, form and touch. The third chapter expose the procedures of the study. As for the forth chapter; it deals with the achieved results that show color employment in designing commercial advertisement which used for accomplishing the expressive meaning and evoluting the aesthetic attraction of the signing results in addition to employ the visual touches the matter which gives a sort of vitality and dynamisim and reborn the embodied realism that is used for clarification and characterization of the most important active units that express the nature of the advertised good

Keywords


Article
at evaluating the performance of students of Artistic Education Department in the skill of writing simple kufi script
تقويم اداء طلبة قسم التربية الفنية في مهارة رسم الحرف العربي الكوفي البسيط

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The research aims at evaluating the performance of students of Artistic Education Department in the skill of writing simple kufi script.This can be done by:- 1- Evaluating the curriculum according to its aims. 2- Teaching students the skill of writing the simple kufi script through the instructional Unit. To achieve the aims of the research, the researcher has put the following null hypothesis:- There are no significant differences in the degrees of the experimental group in their performance in the contents of the skill pre & post tests. This is measured by performance evaluation list. The sample of the test has been chosen from pre-graduation students of Artistic Education department / College of Fine Arts for the year 2010-2011.Thirty students have been selected randomly from the population which consists of 65 students. A descriptive & an experimental methods have been used in designing the research's Procedures which has one experimental group with pre & post test. To draw the conclusions of the research, the researcher has used Pearson Correalation To find the validity of the test. T-test has been used to stets and Holsty Formual has been used to check the validity of skill performance evaluation's list. To show the reliability coefficients, copper formula has been used. The conclusions of the research can be summaries as follow:- 1- The instructional unit has given an ability for students to learn the skill of writing the simple kufi script. This can be realized from the results of pre & post tests. 2- Learning is done gradually from tha simple to the difficult items. This is confirmed by (can nigh & Burges who state that learning can be done as organ iced and serial steps derived from instructional unit. The researcher has suggested some recommendations as:- 1- Adopting the instructional unit in teaching students the skill of writing the simple kufi script. 2- Teaching" The simple kufi script" in the first term & Ruqa,au for the second Term.

Keywords


Article
The effect of parting parents on child through expressing art in their drawing
تاثير فراق الابوين على الاطفال من خلال التعبير الفني في رسومهم

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Children are the most affected persons by the crises of parting parents one or both of them because of divorce or death. whereas drawing is the most contiguous arts with the features of children life and the stronger effect on the feelings. So it was used as a scale to know how much they affect with family life, negative or positive to explain psychological and social affect on children and to find the right ways for treatment through civil society organizations that take care of orphans, widows and divorced women. The current research aiming to answer the following inquiries:. 1- Is there any effect on artistic expression stages for both stages (actual expression attempt, actual expression) which represent research sample that range ( 9-12 ) year. 2- Is there any social and psychological impact in children drawings? 3- Is there any difference in (artistic expression and social and psychological impact) between the orphan children and the children of divorced. -Theories:. 1- Theory of explanation of parting parents. First:. Psychoanalysis Theory. Second:. Social Learning Theory. Furthermore, the previous studies are also discussed two axes: 1- The Studies which related to missing parents . 2-The studies that related to the artistic expression. The Researcher followed the descriptive – analytical method to achieve the goals of the research. The sample drawings were collected to warrant the free expression of the subject (my family) for children with age (9-12) by (160) child distributed on civil society organizations in the Karkh and Rusafa. To determine the analysis tool (classification) the research adopted Ready classification which is a classification of (al-Obaidy).so after the researcher made the adequate adjustments that are compatible with the goals of research and display them to the experts included with the following modules. 1- module of configuration included ( 14 ) paragraph. 2 – module of colors included (19) paragraph 3 - module of lines included (9) paragraphs 4 – module of volumes included (4) paragraphs 5 - module of topics. After verifying the veracity of the content of the article the researcher reached to the results that made it clear that there are differences in the proportions of artistic expression modules and its psychological and artistic significance, which shows that the parting parents as a result of divorce more impact on the children while the researcher expected the opposite. Also found generally that the effect of parting parents lead to a decline in the expression of the technical characteristics of the stages they are going through, moreover there is a severe emotional impact in their drawing through the use of warm colors in a large ratios and dominant the black color. The appearance of random and radial lines and different shapes not defined, and the non-use of the available space of the paper for drawing. Researcher Dr. Hanan Azeez

Keywords


Article
the new arabic musical scale figuration
التصوير الحديث في السلالم الموسيقية العربية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ويعتبر هذا الموضوع باعتباره واحدا من أهم المواضيع في تطوير الحركة الفنية الموسيقية لذلك تسهيل التوصل إلى دليل الموسيقية (توقيع مفتاح) لهذا الموضوع والمعروفة باسم (السلم الموسيقي التشكيل). لتحقيق هذا الهدف قام الباحث مناقشة مشكلة البحث الذي هو "ليس هناك قواعد الموسيقي أو الملحن لمتابعة الحصول على دليل السلم الموسيقي العربية (توقيع مفتاح) عند التشكيل نغمات ونغمات النصف". هذه المشكلة هو موضوع مهم في السلم الموسيقي العربية لأنه هو القطب الأساسية والأساسية في الموسيقى العربية. الجزء النظري من هذا البحث يناقش أسس النهج المقترح. الإطار الإجرائي للبحث تتكون من إجراء البحوث، وتنفيذ القواعد الجديدة على جميع النغمات الموسيقية ونغمات النصف على السلم الموسيقي، وهو بسيط جدا ويساعد كثيرا في المناهج الدراسية في النظريات الموسيقية (النظرية والعملية). إلى جانب كونه خلق العراقية هذا البحث يمكن استخدامها من قبل جميع coposers العربية والأجنبية الذي يستخدم على نطاق والموسيقية العربية. توصلت الباحثة النتائج التي تلبي أهدافه، واستنتاجات واقتراحات.

Keywords

Table of content: volume: issue: