Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552 265X /25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2013 volume:1 issue:204

Article
Dictionary Of Quaternary Reiterated in Arabic ( The Ta and Tha book )
مُعْجَمُ الرُّبَاعِيِّ المُكَرَّر فِي العَرَبِيَّةِ كتابا التاء والثاء 

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This research included written na and Althae Glossary quartet refined in Arabic, and we mean refined quartet: What was the beginning and a third of the same sex, and the second and fourth as well, is diphthong. The book na; annexation fourteen of the word, are: Tata, Tptb, Thth, Takhtkh, tartar, Tata, Tgtg, Fv, Tguetq, ticked, Tll, muttered, Tantn, تهته. The book Althae; annexation nine words are: Toto, Thbthb, Tjtj, Tgesh, Yammer, Tosa, Tgtg, Thelthel, Thmthm.

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Article
Mercy and its significance in the context Quranic - Grammatical linguistic study
الرحمة ودلالتها في السياق القرآني - دراسة نحوية لغوية

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Non of this study to identify the secrets and Khvaya concerning mercy, as they try to reach it by grammatical significance contextual search for answers to the following questions What is compassion? What is required of the faithful a positive requirement to verify compassion and descent? When guarantee the descent of mercy? It Moaudon to enter into God's mercy? And the impact of changes verbal semantic changes FAQs In this search for graphic touches nearly answer distributed on two themes One dealing with the concept of compassion and diversity of meanings, and the diversity of fee-na in the Ottoman Koran and its implications, and citizen maturity, compassion, and beneficiaries and Tnkerha defined and its impact on the contextual significance And the other in utter compassion and delayed link conscience, neighbor and sewer, and circumstance, and add-on Dr. Mohamed Tawfik Abdel Mohsen

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Article
Structure of the protest in a speech of Zahra (Peace be upon her)
بنية الحجاج من منظور لسانيات الخطاب في خطبة الزهراء (عليها السلام)

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The sermon of Zahra is a great rhetorical texts, Gathered all the tapes in its text, as it addressed the issue of inheritance, which lead to common ground in the descriptions of linguistics, which revolve around knowledge of the Islamic system, that system that have been associated with some of the essence .. All these data have accumulated in the wisdom of Zahra in terms of linguistic, cognitive, logical, one of the syndromes of the right argument to win the stolen powers. Therefore I studied the protest in the categories of Zahra terms (semantic and contextual virtual and inward ..etc..) The structure of the protest depends on the absorption of the protest methods and modalities, and related in the first place

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Article
The other in modern Arabic poetry (Setback from June to the end of the second millennium)
الآخر في الشعر العربي الحديث (من نكسة حزيران إلى أخريات الألفية الثانية)

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Life is based on the dialectic of binaries in general, and the dialectic of self and the other particular; Without the side of what was there for me, Fbalakhr be, and through him we live a communicate with him in the fields of life, and in the fields of arts and literature in particular. And one that concerns us in this study is precisely the other foreigner refers (non-Arab) in all its diversity, without specifying or customize. I imagine that the modern poets in their quest for change and renewal was an important incentive for them Alakheriskl so. Poet conversation was his main concern before the form and content, is to communicate with each other intellectually and culturally; evidence is that a lot of science, let alone the genres of the assets of Western, which promise to conservatives, a departure from the customs and traditions, and the poet speak what was to him to be only the communication and integration, especially after that he would have found its goal at this the other objectives.

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Article
أثر دلالة الألفاظ في اللهجات العربية في كتب غريب الحديث الشريف - دراسة تحليلية

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In the cowrse of my trauing to the pgenomeron of meauing founed Arabic diahete in the books of Ambiguaus prophetic tradition its is found that the protocol of Ghareeb AL- Hadith books owners was not only the one of explaning the speech there fore some of them have mentioned that is just alang uage, its is not inno vated by Arabs . this phenomenon can be shown into two ways : stress realization and a midway caus between realization and facilitation And what was of different in word g uidence it was aresuit it was aresult what are exist in tribes of social maffers whatever it was habits or traditions or speaking situation or a different in eating , clothing and instrumer names ..etc I what are make the tribe to name the thing of name differ from another tribe During what are coming of Arabic specch in poetics evidence , for this we can not can firm that this word have talked by this tribe , and word belong some tribe because there wasn't a field study in that time It can not separating the old language . from the Arabion speech , and also can not separating the locd proaonciation today from old Arabic speeches and every one complete each ather because the language is a live being , that the people of generation from All generation were a reason of developing of aneed to another generation than also the long uage linke of each other In the research have coming the knowing of the prophet 'Mohammad' lsala Allah Alyhe wselm ' and his fellowship and his relative Alyhum ALsalom ' peace of Allah to them to the Arabic speeches and her talking and Arabing tribes , and thas is a guide that the growth of talk study does not throwgh Arabian savants only , but AL- mohamadiah chool that is the first speech school and during this established the other knowledhes

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Article
المكان في روايات ميسلون هادي- بحث مستل

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With all the above, we come up to a conclusion that the place, whether familiar, hostile , real or imaginary in the novels of Maysaloun Hadi which is the parallel memory which assume the function of documenting and recording the tiniest events the most remarkable and the sweetest and the bitter ones, even if he lost his identity this memory remains. The real place was the chief over the other places as Maysaloun Hadi is a realist writer then the setting of each of Maysaloun's novels is Iraq. Iraq is the stage of the events as the characters are influenced by the circumstances inflicted on Iraq wars and sanctions which push some characters to seek refuge abroad. Khalid in Land Frontier immigrates for another country, Yassir in Light Pink Dream is frustrated by the situation in Iraq and wishes to flee back to Boston to seek refuge. The children of Haniyah in pharaoh Prophecy migrate into various countries as they did not find a suitable job and Mahmoud in the Tea of Bride also migrates when he is faced with the various events like explosions. Badr in BBC grandson has immigrated to the UK as refugee after the last war. Iraq is the framework for her novels and the events and characters. For the characters, it is a place of obstacle and animosity because it hinders their way towards dream. Maysaloun Hadi inverses the equation of the man-place relationship epically when that place is home. It is loigical that it should be free to live in Iraq and in Baghdad. He has become a fearing and worry in need of some to protect him. They go to the exile in real countries like in America-UK. These are familiar places. The novel migh employ unreal places to real ones as a kind of aritisic reality to alienate the relaist touch to places. Imagined palce in the novels of Maysaloun is either connected to the character or he or she dreams in, or it is a realistic place not determined by the juvenile geography.

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Article
The Functions of speech on Imam Sadic,s
وظائف الخطاب عند الإمام الصادق (ع) - بحث مستل

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Abstract

The researchers take an interest in studying the Functions of language recently and in the ancient times for its being and basic tool in the social continuity and this continuity don’t happen in the absence of the following elements sender , receptor linguistic message , linguistic content , doing a connection , participated language , and we try to drop these element on the speech texts to imam Sadic,s to discover a variety of functions that it in the capacity that the adjacent listing builds and this is indicative express of philosophy of imam Sadic,s and imam Sadic,s took the language symbols as covering to reveal to all whose worry in himself from the severity , oppression and blockade whose cannot through it , to reply to the questions of his pupils and lovers.

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Article
The fuzzy for Al-Ossoleen and its impact in different of the Interpreters
المجمل عند الأصوليين وأثره في اختلاف المفسرين

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Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings on the Prophet Muhammad. Then: After putting our trust in Allah I liked to serve this science through test of my research title (The fuzzy for Al-Ossoleen and its impact in different of the Interpreters) I talked in it the definition of the fuzzy, parts of fuzzy, and why the fuzzy occur in the Holy Koran. As I showed that no fuzzy in Allah’s Book after the prophet’s death, and I mentioned the difference between the fuzzy, the word that no understand its meaning, the word that has two meaning and the general, and the fuzzy rule. In the final Praise be to Allah the lord of world.

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Article
التفاسير المختصرة - دراسة في المنهج (الجلالين و تفسير القرآن الكريم لشُبّر )(أنموذجا)

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Abstract

There is no doubt that's Al- taffsir science is one of the noblest Qura'nic science and the highest speech, it considers one of the oldest legal sciences that different philosophical schools Muslims took care of its branches. The holy Qura'n was the endless sciences that different sects and schools dealt with, they did there best for explaining its meanings and declare its ambiguity. So the result of their blessed efforts was a huge number of precious explanations (Taffsir), some was prolonged like Taffsir (Jami Al- Bayan fee Taffsir Al- Qura'n) for Abi Ja'afar Muhammad Bin Jareer Al- Tabary (224-313) which contained 30 parts, and Taffsir Al- Razy (543-606) which considered one of the Islamic Taffsir sources because it depends on a scientific method based on the miraculous rhetorical way. On the other side there was summarized explanations (Taffsir) characterized by exactness of meaning, and briefing in releasing the statement, like (Taffsir Al- Jalalain) for Jalal Addin Al- Hilly (864) and Jalal Addin Al- Sayooti (911) which considers one of the most famous Islamic brief Taffsirs in its statement and meaning. So they were the most widespread and important in spite of its small size. So the sciences took care of it deeply and write about it more than 19 books in classification, investigation and criticism. According to the importance of this explanation (Taffsir) in method and style we suggested to study it beside Taffsir Al- Qura'n Al- Adhim for Mr. Abdullah Shubbar (1242) which is one of the modern Taffsir that distinguished by the high concentration and summarization, I noticed some phenomena that relating to the scientists of Taffsir through the equalization between these summarized famous Taffsir, which contain tools of Taffsir and the characteristics of style and method. So I divided the research into nine objects of research preceded by a preface mentioned in it the definition of the method (in language in convention). In the first object of research I mentioned the reasons of the reveal, in the second: the directing of recitations, in the third: the grammatical and the linguistic directing in the Qura'nic text, in the fourth: the directing of rhetoric figures in the Qura'nic meaning, in the fifth: the summarization and longing style in directing the Qura'nic meaning, in the sixth: about sects and descents, in the seventh: in the category of what has been agreed, in the eighth: in the category of philological Questions, and at last in the ninth : in the warning of Israeliyat, all these objects of research was for explaining the most important characteristics of summarized taffsir according to the complete investigation for taffsir Al- Jallalain, and taffsir Al- Qura'n Al- Ahdeem for Shubbar, in the conclusion I marked down the most important results of the research.

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Article
Department of the Koran and Islamic Education
الناسخ والمنسوخ في تفسير الميزان

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Abstract

the good and virtuous, and companions Almentajabin. Copying: is raising legitimate rule forensic evidence late. Has passed (back) so many roles recently settled meaning fundamentalist, has met the subject of copying an ample share of the study and blogging when Muslim scholars, because of its great importance in Islamic law. Mr. Tabatabai confronted lawsuit copies proliferating spirit moderate, balanced and objective look enhanced his views clear evidence.

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Article
The prophetic sunna showed all that Muslim needed, in shariaa or behaviors.
منهج السُّنة النبوية في تكوين الشخصية الإنسانية

Authors: د. محمد صفاء جاسم
Pages: 253-294
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The prophetic sunna was the action field as the Quran has been a field for calling for the action and good deed. There is hardly any principle of the Quran that was not carried out by the Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) in the life attitudes. The Prophetic sunna shows clear the educational course of Islamic life as mention in the Holy Quran, and it shows the details set in the Holy Quran,. We can meanwhile deduct the educational model out of the life of the Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) with his companions and household like consideration of individual differences, and nature of women, childhood and instinct.

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Article
(WOMAN SAFETYAND ITS RULES IN ISLAM- A COMPARATIVE STUDY )
(أمان المرأة وأحكامه في الفقه الإسلامي - دراسة مقارنة)

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After studying the views of jurisprudents and examining their evidence ,I arrive at the following results : Safety refers to abandonment of any fight with unbelievers . Safety is legal and permitted in Quran and Sunna .The basic element in the term safety is the safety that is indicated when one say says you are safe or who does this is safe. Safety is sometimes perfect or conditioned. The rule of safety is to ensure safety to unbelievers, because the meaning of safety is clear in " believe , so your faith is stable .The feature of safety is obligatory, if the Emam finds benefit in violating it .The weakness of Muslims and freedom are not two conditions for safety . The conditions of that make safety lawful are: A , Islam B. sanity C. maturity

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Article
Al Rawandi an Approach in famous people translations in his book comfort chests and verse pleasure
منهج الرواندي في تراجم الاعلام في كتابه راحة الصدور وآية السرور في تاريخ الدولة السلجوقية

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Addresses research approach Rwandan Translations famous people in his book (comfort chests and verse pleasure) detailed study of the most important elements of translation Rwandan Media who singled their Sultans of the Seljuk, an attempt to show the distinctive elements of his approach historical and style translation for them, has distributed search of two types: First: a study author and the book, which dealt with a detailed study of the life of the author and his era, and the importance of his book. Second: curriculum Rawandi in the curriculum of the famous people, and stood it on the most important elements of translation author to inform him as sequential steps considered the style and the way the author in the offer, citing the examples and evidence in all we refers to his steps marked an author's style and methodology in translation famous people. Search and finished by a conclusion and a list of the most important sources and references that have returned to in this search.

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Article
نشاط العلوم الفكرية في اقليم طبرستان - بحث مستل

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The study of the intellectual sciences activity in Tabristan region considers a very important matter, because this region had wtnessed appearing several religious parties and beliefs. Each one of those had an effect on the itelectual sciences activity in Tabristan region, and emerging a number of scientists who played an important role in supporting the intellectual side in what they introduced writtens enriched the imtelected side. It was clear that the scientists who emerged in suflism and theologyare few in comparasion with the rest of the religious sciences which spreader in Tabristan region; nevertheless their role was great in the intellectual sciences activity.

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Article
The Financial and Economic Opinions at Al-Amoual book for Al-Dawoodi (1011 AD. /402 AH.):
الآراء الاقتصادية والمالية للداودي في كتابه الاموال ( ت402هـ/1011م) ) دراسة تاريخية مقارنة (

Authors: م.د. وفاء عدنان حميد
Pages: 351-372
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Important Efforts the Islamic scientists beginning at theye are wrote about the Islamic State Public Financial, to found scientific and technical way for manage the Islamic State to save and expend it according to Islamic Thought. Abo Jaffer ben Nser Al-Dawoodi one of the Islamic scientists who wrote on this field, his book Al-Amoual classified the types of financial, and he show his opinion on the financial problems. This Opinion was creative and innovative, this study was dealing with it to comparative with the other scientists to know the economical important for this opinions.

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Article
الايكولوجيا السياسية: حقل جغرافي جديد يتشكل

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This research represents an attempt to construct framework for new field that geographers studied since 1970's that is political ecology, which is relates environmental issuses with the social, political and economical structures at different spatial levels . But the written about political ecology in Arabic language still is nothing. The researcher put this new field within political geography according to some considerations. The contents of research contains the definition of political ecology, stages of its development, methods and approaches in this field. Also, presents an agenda for future studies.

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Article
البنية المكانية واثرها على سياسات التنمية

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Represent the structure of spatial product of the interaction of many factors, including economic containing resources and capabilities available natural to come into the spatial and human factors associated with population size and pyramid formed him and the level of education and the size of the space itself represented space, all reflected in the economic activities in space that gives the characteristics spatial and functional place the resulting size human settlements and number on the one hand and those properties human settlements the other hand. tructure spatial represents a series of processes Layout formative owns property dependence and interdependence of a number of interrelated factors among them, including natural and human and physical affect one another and to varying degrees require to put development strategies depending on the functional properties and spatial each into, reflecting in attracting the type and size of investments development of various activities depending on the developmental policies based on the functional characteristics of the place. Thus, the search based on the hypothesis that the spatial structure of the space has a property and give described functional differentiation spatial development policies require each into private affect the spatial signature of investment projects in terms of size and type. This research aims to analyze the most important functional characteristics of the Iraqi provinces and what are their own development policies that affect the size and type of spatial investment And will pursue research inductive analytical methodology in the analysis of the most important elements and spatial characteristics Iraqi provinces to form a development from a planning perspective and identify the most important factors influencing development policies.

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Indicators of Concentration of the Population of the
مؤشرات التمركز لسكان محافظة المثنى

Authors: أ.م.د.لطيف هاشم كزار
Pages: 413-446
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Hat the geographical distribution of the population in any region of the world is linked to a number of economic and social factors and the historical , political . cultural , which is different in each of its importance and influence over the distribution according to the time and place , so the geographical distribution of the items are not in regular patterns of spatial units , this what Applies of the province of Muthanna , where the variation in the distribution between the different administrative units , which intervened in which many variables revealed by the statistical methods that were used to analyze the spatial distribution of population in the province. On the basis of that has been in this research is distributional analysis of the population of the province of Muthanna using several statistical methods and to highlight the differences Kartografah Population differences in spatial location and different time and the adoption of Population censuses  and  and  and Population Projections for  , this statistical measure was quantitative in the proportion of Population concentration and Lorenz curve and the presumption of Lorenz and Gini coefficient and the coefficient of gypsum and Martin , and these methods were taken into account the evolution of Population size to maintain during the period - Has revealed indicators of concentration of Population that the instability is the prevailing image of the distribution in the province of Muthanna , that case expressed by the growing disparity of the spatial distribution between the administrative units of the province , and therefore , this reflects the fact that the interaction between the Population of the province and area of spatial which they live , where the spatial concentration of Population in some regions , especially the northern parts of the province represented by centers of districts and specifically eliminate the center of Samawah , There are large areas annexed to maintain an area geographically wide could be adopted in the formulation of Population policies and their implementation of the redistribution of the Population so as to create a state of equilibrium spatial in the light of the development policies spatial able to achieve balance and adequate manner that creates a state of equilibrium spatial Population and to suit the available natural resources in the province.

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The effects of the irrigation projects in attraction of population and development of rural setlements , the location of study is al-thirthar channel to the two divided small dams
اثر المشاريع الاروائية في الجذب السكاني وتطور المستوطنات الريفية منطقة الدراسة قناة الثرثار الناقلة الى منطقة ناظمي التقسيم

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The interest in water resources is apart of the interest in the other resources in any country . therefore this research studies the effects of different irrigation projects especially the issue of emigration of the population to the water sources shere ever they have been , because water is the main source of life in all countries. As amatter of fact , life is found wherever water is found . nowadays , countries need this vital resource too much after the economical , industrial and agricultural developments in addition to its need in house uses for these reasons the interest in this resources increased and future plans and studies were made to protect the water resource with good utilizing by building dams, reservoirs and other irrigation projects.

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Article
كفاءة تقنيتي الموزائيك الرقمي والتصنيف الموجه لبيانات القمر الصناعي Landsat-7 في مسح وتصنيف الغطاء الأرضي لمحافظة ذي قار

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This paper aims to statement efficiency digital mosaic images and supervised classification technologies for landsat7 images in scanner and classification land cover agreement to ecology classification and output morph table and thematic maps for The-Qar province is located in western Iraq between latitudes(30.33 – 32.01) north and longitudes (45.39 – 47.10) east. The search depend on sensor thematic mapper plus (ETM+) data is load on landsat7 acquired date October and December 2011 year .The work employs different digital processes this data by using programs band (ERDAS 8.4 – ENVI – ARG GIS 9.3).such as collecting signaler editor using German GPS and ground troth to arrival research aims. The research concludes: the importance of integration mosaic digital image and supervised classification technologic for scanner physical natural or land cover to large areas time and less costs and efforts .It is a successful substitute for limitation in traditional ways. The ecology classification showed that barren land percentage compose ( 50%)from The-Qar province area. Either other half percentage allocated following: natural vegetation land(27.86%) , agriculture (20.26%) and water resources (1.48%).

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الاصول الفلسفية والعلمية لثورة العلم والتكنولوجيا(النانوتكنولوجي) المعاصرة

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This research contains the sciences and information in the time contemporary must be discovering by the philosophers and sciences together. And should be in to Ancient civilization .We all known that the sciences and information which be different and deals some kinds which it inter difference scope like; science, society, politics and also war to aim useful the money, but they aim also to research truth and technology established of new kind from electronic which is dependent on Kim mechanism . In this technology represent company scientific fields.

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المنطـــق الدعائي والحجاجية الاقناعية

Authors: د. رجاء آل بهيش
Pages: 529-552
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In its essence, propaganda is not meant for guidance or education; basically its logic develops from the concept of persuasion or insinuation. Thus, the logic of propaganda is logic of persuasion that tries all means to achieve the goal behind the propaganda, using arguments rich with rhetoric and emotional intensity to make the conviction it tries to sell more appealing. In propaganda, arguments based on reason often mixed with emotionally burdened language; separating these two elements can happen usually for academic purposes only to clarify the techniques of propaganda in achieving persuasion. This paper explores the relationship between logic and the philosophy of propaganda: it usually appears clearly in the propaganda which includes the action of persuasion, even if that means distorting the truth by presenting only part of it or going far to creating it. Thus, achieving the logic of this action includes a structure of arguments, major and minor, organized in a paradoxical hierarchy, yet it is symmetrical that in the end can achieve the logic it was created for in the first place. This structure can be used to achieve political, military, economic, religious, cultural, strategies clearly defined to influence the audience and receive their response. The means that the logic of persuasion may follow are labels, loud generalizations, rhetoric discourse, to produce sophisticated appearance. The paper clarifies the techniques of propaganda discourse through these elements. The importance of the paper comes from the importance of the subject, as it studies propaganda and the strategies of influencing audience by all means of arguments, logical or emotional, that have not been tackled before in mass media studies.

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سبل الارتقاء بالشراكة بين الوحدات البحثية في هيئة التعليم التقني والقطاع الخاص

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The research aims at contributing to the problems facing the private sector and scientific methods through research units, and stimulate research units and activated by its conduct applied research that fit with the needs of the labor market of the private sector, with the study of the reality of the work of research units (research unit of quality, Research Unit and manufacturing alternatives, and medical supplies) and ways to motivate. Been approved survey method field applied to the issue of search and by selecting a research unit of quality / technical college and administrative unit of research and manufacturing alternatives, and medical supplies, which was formed (25%) of the total community sample, the distribution (2) identification of the first private researchers in the two units research teams and by (20) identifying and received (8) only included this questionnaire on (20) question, either resolution second private companies, the private sector has been distributed (20) to identify a group of private sector companies were received (10) questionnaire only included (12) question Of the most important findings of Search 1- evidence of the health of the five research hypotheses that lead to improve the partnership between the research unit And the private sector 2- The private sector companies to have information about the concept of research units government university and that the decision of the partnership with The decision of the Strategy ensures promote their work and maximize their profits, where the percentage of yes (90%) as well as the percentage of yes by researchers in the research units (100% ) as a strategic decision. 3- agreed answers to researchers in the research units with private sector companies, the answers to the following -About not contributing to private sector research funding university research units of government - Preference and focus on applied research as contributing to solving the problems of society. - Allocating a percentage of revenue partnership with the sector companies for distribution to researchers in the research units as incentives. Found a mutual trust between them.- But the most important recommendations of the Search: 1-Issuing laws and regulations that facilitate and regulate the contracting process with private sector companies. 2- make the proportion of government funding for the units of the research university just does not exceed (25%) and rely heavily on the financial resources derived from the partnership with private sector companies in order to activate and stimulate researchers and directors of research units to take steps for effective partnership with private sector companies and to make care professional to improve quality of research presented, not only to supervise graduate students research and prepare for promotion only.Key words: research partnership, research units, the technical education, private sector, scientific research

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أثر العلاج المعــرفي الســلوكي في خفض اضطراب العناد الشارد لدى طالبات المرحلة الابتدائية

Authors: د.بسمة كريم شامخ
Pages: 583-626
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The problem of the appositional defiant disorder is one of the most important and prominent problems which is faced by family and society . where increasing such problem indicates a serious risk on the security and stability of the society . In this regard ,the behavioural and cognitive therapy is considered the most effective one in treating the psychological disorder including the appositional defiant disorder . It proves its activeness where the probability of occurring after using it is the least . this may be due to the strategies which are used during the therapy program ,and also its concentration on the cognitive emotional and behavioural components which are included in the appositional defiant disorder . The present research aims at knowing the effect of the cognitive and behavioural therapy in reducing the appositional defiant disorder . The researchers study a number of the behavioural and cognitive therapy theories ,such as Ellis theory for the rational ,emotional behavioural therapy ; Aron Beck theory for cognitive and behavioural therapy and Meichenbaum theory in cognitive behavioural modification . The researchers also study the direction of psychological analysis ; the direction of behaviorist of therapy program and the appositional defiant disorder . The researchers Adopt (Aron Beck& Meichenbaum) theory of the behavioural cognitive therapy in building the scale and the therapy program .The experimental is used in the present research through using two groups : experimental and controled .The samples include: The sample of building the two scales of the research which consists of(400) female pupils from primary stage randomly chosen and the sample of applying the program which consists of (250) female pupils deliberately chosen . The researchers find that there are (30) pupils suffer from the appositional defiant disorder ,which are divided in to two groups:(experimental and controled). After conducting equalization between . the individuals of the two groups depending on the grades of the individuals of the two groups on the appositional defiant disorder scale , age and the academic achievement .The psychometric features used in the present research are :the face validity and building validity. As for reliability, it is found by using re-test and half – division methods .For determining the preliminaries of the program, the fields of the appositional defiant disorder scale have been tabulated according to sessions in terms of toughness and repetition on. The techniques used are: cognitive rebuilding, self- observation ,self- learning, self- constituting and daily activity.To achieve the aims of the present research, the results show that there are statistically significant difference between the average ranks of grades of the experimental group and the average ranks of grades of the controled group in the post-test for the benefit of the experimental groups which in dictates that the therapy program in the present has great and evident effect on the experimental group. In the light of the a fore mentioned results, the researchers have arrived at a number of recommendations and suggestions

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Article
تأثير التمكين في ولاء العاملين للمنظمة ( دراسة تطبيقية )

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Abstract

Empowerment is the motor of human resource development in the organization by (Strength , availability of information and possessing them , possessing know how and investing it and rewards ) . This study is a serious attempt to know the impact of empowerment over the loyalty of employees , which is applied in kirkuk cotton jin that covers more than 60% of the country needs for cotton , the sample was 25% of the unit of research , the researcher by using statistical methods finds a number of conclusions , some are general such as the percentage of widows women , divorced and single constitutes 16% , although they have got university degrees more than 9% in comparison with males …. and special conclusions such as stressing ( Strength , availability of information and possessing of information , possessing and investing know how and rewards ) in the questionnaires that got a significant percentage and immaterial relation looking for the question that were on the contrary , studing and finding solutions for them, and at last cooperating avith the local security services to create on atmosphere of stability and security by coordinating , which plays appositive role to ward the loyalty of employees to increase their effort to the best advantage of their organization .

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Article
THE EFFECT OF TECHNICALS RELAXATION IN REDUCTION PSYCHOLLOGICAL STRESSES FOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
مدى فاعلية برنامج في تقنيات الاسترخاء في خفض الضغوط النفسية لدى طلبة الجامعة

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Abstract

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Article
THE EFFECT OF MULTIPLE-INTELLIGENCE STRATEGY IN THE ACQUISITION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE INDICATIVE THINKING FOR FIFTH STAGE STUDENTS LITERARY BRANCH
أثر استراتيجيات الذكاءات المتعددة في تحصيل مادة التاريخ وتنمية التفكير الاستدلالي لدى طالبات الصف الخامس الأدبي

Authors: م .د. وفاء محسن مشحوت
Pages: 779-804
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Abstract

The study aims at The effect of Multiple-Intelligence Strategy in The Acquisition and Development of the Indicative Thinking for fifth Stage Students Literary branch. The study consisted of (89) students divided into experiment taught by the use of Multiple-Intelligence Strategy, and the other control group taught by the traditional groups. The Indicative Thinking Test was applied before and after the experiment. The t-test was used for two independent samples at the level of (0.05) for the testing of the hypotheses to study the zero studies. The results have affirmed the existence of statistically significant differences at the level in the development of Indicative Thinking and the acquisition for the experimental group. That is attributed to the method of teaching.

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Article
تقويم مدى تحقيق أسئلة المناقشة الملحقة بموضوعات كتب المطالعة للمرحلة الإعدادية لأهداف مقدماتها من وجهة نظر مدرسي المادة

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Abstract

Estimation of how far have the questions of the debate suffixed to the subjects of books - reading for the prepatory stage achieved the goals of their introductions from the point of view of teachers of the subject This study targets to show how far the questions of the debate suffixed to topics of books-reading for the prepatory stage have achieved the goals for their introducations. The inquirer thinks that achieving goals of these books is an important! educational achievement for the educational process when these questions are well invested and have a special care from writers and teachers to make them an importand mean to achieve goals of reading lesson and subsequently to transform than to a daily behavior and attidues for the student. From here comes this study to show questions for debate which have the ability for achieving goals for the books reading which dont have the ability in achieving them. Because the majority of the studies which already have been done on this field tackled an analysis for the content and goals of books- reading determined for intermediate and secondary schools and they have not covered questions for the conversation in spite of their importance as for the inquirer knowledge in achieving these goals.

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