جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: 11 العدد: 2

Article
Effect of insecticide Nogos on some soil fungi
تأثير المبيد الحشري نوكوز في بعض فطريات التربة

المؤلفون: احسان فليح حسن الجوهري
الصفحات: 1-7
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الخلاصة

Four fungi , isolated from the rizosphere of Viccia faba in the fields of AI-Qadisiya district , were selected for their variable resistance to toxic insecticide Vapona ( Nogos ) at the range of 0.1, 0.3 , 0.5 ppm concentration and the 0.5 ppm concentration represtented to the initial concentration in the field soil . These fungi were Aspergillus niger , Rhizopus stolinifer (high tolerance ) , Trichoderma harzianum ( moderate tolerance ) , Fusarium solani ( low tolerance ) . The inhibition percent of T . harzianum reached ( 28.8% ).with Vapona (Nogos ) on solid media in 0.5ppm concentration , but the inhibition percent reached(10.0%) in 0.1, 0.3ppm concentration. The inhibition percent of F. solani reached(45.5%) in0.5ppm concentration and(36.6%),(46.6% ) in 0.1 , 0.3ppm concentration. The results showed that A .niger ,R.stolinifer, T. harzianum were able to convert Vapona(Nogos) to other compounds in laboratory, but F. solani did not convert this insecticide .

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Article
Explain the effect of Pico Cells and Femto Cells to reduce the Predicted Path Loss of the Mobile Communications
بيان تأثير خلاياPico و Femto في التقليل من فقدان المسار المتوقع للاتصالات النقالة

المؤلفون: Sameir A. Aziez
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

Pico cells are a small wireless communication base station covering a small area, often used to extend cellular network coverage to indoor or outdoor areas where signals can not easily penetrate, and also to improve data transfer throughput for mobile users and increase capacity in the mobile network. Femto cells are a small cellular, low-power wireless access points, typically designed for use in a home or small business. Femto cells deliver significantly improved coverage inside homes, small offices, and outdoor public spaces. This means a stronger signal and better voice quality, plus improved data download and upload speeds. The aim of this paper is to explain the effect of pico cells and femto cells to reduce the predicted path loss, this achieved by taking a different scenarios and using a MATLAB 2008a programming language to compare the obtained results. From the results obtained, once can see the importance of using this type of cells to improve the signal quality of the mobile phone. Keywords: Pico cells, Femto cells Indoor coverage, IP address, Correction factor for mobile unit antenna height ( ), Predicted Path Loss ( ).

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Article
The Effect of using Laboratory on achievement goodness and Scientific lighting for Intermediate stage students in physics
أثر استخدام المختبر على جودة التحصيل الدراسي والتنور العلمي لدى طلبة المرحلة المتوسطة في مادة الفيزياء

المؤلفون: فاضل عبيد حسون
الصفحات: 1-28
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الخلاصة

An instruction is the process of planned and intentional and designed to create positive changes in the undesirable behavior of educated and the objectives are the cornerstone of the educational process also students are the target group and accompanying the progress of scientific and technical expansion witnessed by the present- day had to take on the responsibility of education , through its educational and instruction preparation of cadres capable of specialized scientific research and thinking also the development of mental skills as well as progress sides of students so they can develop appropriate solutions to the problems faced by physicist, and the dimensions of the traditional teaching methods , which rely on the methods and to avoid traditional systems in education which depended on keeping by heart. This current research aiming to know change that happen in Laboratory on achievement goodness and Scientific lighting for Intermediate stage students in limits are schools department education Baghdad Al- Karkh/ second through answer about question following : 1- what is the Effect of using Laboratory in achievement goodness for Intermediate stage students. 2- what is the Effect of using Laboratory in Scientific lighting for Intermediate stage students. 3- what is the Effect of using Laboratory in achievement goodness & Scientific lighting for Intermediate stage students due to the sex. The researcher using an experimental design was selected with partial control, groups were selected randomly. The sample consisted of (112) male& female students, (29) male students and (27) female students for an experimental group that number (56) was studied by using Laboratory , and such (56) male & female students for the control group was studied by the ordinary method. The groups are equivalent according to the following variables: Age (in months). Intelligence (mental age), previous knowledge in physics of the first Class Intermediate and the level instructional also pre- knowledge test. The researcher using instruments for measurement , the first achievement test consist of (50) item objective (a multiple choice test for each one four alternates one of them right(25)item and empty(25)item it has been presented the items of test on group of experts and arbiters to know it capacity and suitability for the purpose in which used for, the second Scientific lighting measure this make ready (mohamad,2011) consist of (45) item test Scientific lighting of (50) question to be covered dimension five main. And after application instruments research and treatment research result statistically by using of T- test the results were appear as follows: 1- There is a direct statistica as (% 0.05)l difference between average degrees achievement for students experimental & control, groups for benefit experimental group . 2- There is a direct statistical as (% 0.05) difference between average degrees Scientific lighting for students experimental & control, groups as for benefit experimental group . 3- There is no a direct statistical as (% 0.05) difference between average degrees achievement for students research , groups due to change sex. 4- There is no a direct statistical as (% 0.05) difference between average degrees Scientific lighting for students research , groups due to change sex.

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Article
دراسة مظهرية للجنس Mirabilis L. (Nyctaginaceae (في العراق

المؤلفون: بلقيس هادي هاشم الموسوي
الصفحات: 8-16
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الخلاصة

The present investigation comprises morphological study for the genus Mirabilis L. in Iraq. One species only belongs to this genus which have distributed as ornamental and medicinal plants. The morphological characters of roots, stems, leaves, Inflorescences, flowers, fruits and seed in addition to indumentums were studied. Inconclusion the M. jalapa L. has distinct morphological features, like petaloid calyx

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE SEQUENTIAL FEEDBACK OF IRAQI MEDICAL GRADUATES PERFORMANCE
التغذية الاسترجاعية لأداء خريجي كليات الطب العراقية

المؤلفون: Adnan Alwan Al Helli --- Mahdi Abdul Sahib
الصفحات: 13-25
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الخلاصة

Background; Iraqi medical graduates qualify (MB. Ch. B.) then assigned as intern resident doctors to commit uniform twelve months training in various clinical disciplines as apprentices in health care. Ministry of health has no formal apprenticeship program to ensure competency and quality of juniors. The objectives of medical colleges are to ensure eligible safe health providers qualified to acquire and refine clinical skills in medical disciplines. Outcomes feedbacks are recommended to promote faculty curriculum and to ensure graduates competence. This current appraisal of Karbala is the second whereas the first was at 2010. Aims; To promote curricula of medical colleges and establish a genuine apprenticeship legislation for resident doctors. Design; cross sectional self evaluation. Date; December 2012. Setting; CME Center, General directorate of Holy Kerbala, Kerbala, Iraq. Subjects and Methods; Recently assigned 45 medical graduates of academic year 2011-2012. Questionnaire consists of 50 items including clinical skill performance, curricular affairs, and graduates comments and opinions. The scoring levels assigned (+) if competent, (±) if equivocal, and (-) if non competent. Results; Response rate; 98%. Females; 71.1%. Kerbala graduates; 71.1%. Upgrade performance; 19 clinical skills. Downgrade performance; 25. Females are better in communications and clerkship skills, males are better in interventional and emergency management skills. Graduates recommend skill lab and asked for more practical and professional curriculum. Conclusions; Most of the upgrade skills are learned through skill lab. The low 25 skills are of clinical methods. Gender has strong impact on skill performance. Faculties curricula need renewal and health authority should apprentice graduates better to achieve an eligible national health services

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EpidemiologicalStudy of Parasitic and Bacterial causes diarrhea in Karbala city
دراسة وبائية لمسببات الاسهال الطفيلية والبكتيرية في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

during the period between October 2008 until September 2009, examined 4064 faeces of samples for ages ranging from one year to forty of auditors children's hospital,general al-Husseini hospitalin Karbala.The Samples were examined by the direct smear and culture methods 1 – Result of examination revealed the record of five categories of diarrhea causes parasitic and bacterial which included Total incidence Giardia lamblia (17.8%) compared with (13.7%) Entameoba histolytica and dysentery (12.7%) of the E. coli (7.0%) of Salmonella (4.6%) of the Shigella. 2 - Overall, the pathogens of diarrhea during the months of June and July and August are higher rates during the hot months than other in months of the year did not notice any injuries in Samoella and Shigella during the following months (November and December and February) was observed by statistical analysis (Chi square test) that there are significant differences under the level of 0.01 and 0.05 between months of the year and the incidence of E. coli and Salmonella, while there were not significant differences with an infection Giardia lamblia and Entamoebahistolytica The Shigella did not show a difference with the moral of the year below the level of 0.01,but significant difference showed significantly under the level of 0.05 . 3 – Signifcant differences in the study shows the percentages of infection causes of diarrhea in different age groups, we have the injury Giardia lamblia and low among the age group (1-10) in 7.8% compared to the age group (10-20) years 37.5%, while the Entameoba histolytica in group (20-30) years was 6.3% low compared to age group (30-40), amounting to 27.4 The bacterial causes of diarrhea were the proportion of bacteria Escherichia coli infection in the age group (20-30) years compared to 4.0% in age group (1 -- 10) year 28.2%, while the incidence of Salmonella bacteria in the age group (1-10) year amounted to (5.8)% compared to age group (30-40) years is (9.5%) either Shigella recorded injuries and low where the two categories (10-20) years and (20-30) years, and they, respectively (4.0%, 2.7%). Generally observed by Chi square test that there were significant differences below the level (0.01 and 0.05) for different age groups with different causes of diarrhea of Microbiology, except as Shigella bacteria did not show significant difference with the various age groups below the level of 0.01 and 0.05.

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Article
Construction Character Table of the Symmetric Group S4 by Using Permutation Module

المؤلفون: Bassim Kareem Mihsin --- Haider Baker Ameen
الصفحات: 26-30
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we study calculation the irreducible character table for symmetric group S4, by using the permutation module and the Hook-length for semi-standard young tableaux to obtain on reducible character from permutation module .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Determination of Micro amount of Ranitidine in the Pharmaceutical Rantisam By Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry Using Palladium as Mediating Metals
قدير كميات مايكروية من دواء الرانتدين في بعض المستحضرات الصيدلانية بتقنية الامتصاص الذري اللهبي باستخدام فلز البلاديوم كوسيط

المؤلفون: شيماء محمد علي رسول
الصفحات: 27-35
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الخلاصة

It this study,the Rantidine in the three commercial pharmaceuticals was determined by in directed flame atomic absorption spectrometry(FAAS) . Ranitidine is widely used as medicament for the treatment of stomach and intestine ulcers and cases accompanied by excessive secretion. The following analytical results obtained in this research: formation of ion – pair association complex between [Pd(SCN)4]2- ranitidine and subsequent indirect AAS determination of the latter after extraction of the complex with 1,2- dichloroethane and atomization under this method has been evaluated by determining several optimal experimental conditions,namely ; as the following : PH (3.5-4.5), concentration of [Pd(SCN)4]2- equals 10 ppm , phase ratio aqueous – to – organic (7/1), time for completion of reaction in aqueous Phase is 10min, Extraction time is 3 minutes and one extraction is enough for overall removal of the complex without extrenuous interference. 1,2- dichloro ethane was used as organic solvent for extraction of the ion – pair association complex . Figures of merits: linear dynamic range (0.5-15ppm )ranitidine . RSD% (3.045). D.L (0.2283) ppm . A.S. (0.2706) ng . Erel (2.39%).Recov. % (97.61).

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Article
سياسة إيران تجاه العراق 1921-1941

المؤلفون: جاسم محمد إبراهيم اليساري
الصفحات: 29-36
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الخلاصة

We Conclude form the foregoing that Iran's Position towards modern Iraqi state was a negative attitude and this will be clear from the policy followed by Iran with Iraq and the other has Iran sought to obtain the gains of a new regional at the expense of the Iraqi territory , especially during the reign of shah Reza Pahlavi , who had failed attempts to convince the King Faisal Ito give a part of Iraq (shatt al- Arab) to Iran .the revolution may 1941, against the Britain coincidence and that Iran believed that Britain are moving to wards it so Iran Worked hard in order to get rid of Britain. But the modern Iraqi state was able to detect the intentions of Iran's expansion at the expense of Iraq has placed an end to these ambitions , holding them in treaties and conventions to control the border between the two countries and adhered to , but Iran did not comply with these covenants and conventions because they are irrelevant to their personal interests on the part of the other hand it will pave the way to future treaties with Iraq , in other words , the improvement in relations between the tow countries to which Iran Would you like that Began to raise new Problems of the border problem and the problems of order to disrupt relations between the two countries but in the end , Iraq was able to maintain its borders by one and it is to intervene in the internal affairs of others

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Statistical Analysis for optimum sulphate content of Sulphate Resisting Cement (SRC)
تحليل إحصائي لمحتوى الكبريتات الأمثل في السمنت المقاوم للكبريتات

المؤلفون: Hussein Ali Ewadh --- Majeed Khudair Jassim
الصفحات: 31-37
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الخلاصة

It is impractical for cement producers to test the produced cement after manufacturing process, because it is very difficult to correct the final production. Moreover, it is useful to make adjustment to the raw mix design through the blend process of raw materials. Calcium sulphate is added in small quantities to the other constituents of cement during its manufacture to control the setting time of the product.Using a large scale data base, this paper shows an effort to model optimum sulphate required to be expressed in term of some concerned variables. Statistical analysis using SPSS16 software is performed for a data base of 362 chemical and physical tests obtained from archive of quality control at Kerbala plant for SRC cement. These data sets are refined to 322 by excluding outliers to avoid errors in measurement, recording, and observations. Stepwise regression results in a linear model that explains (99.8%) of variation in required sulphate in relation with: C4AF, C3A, and K2O, while excluding one explanatory variable (Na2O) according to a degree of significance of (0.05).The developed model can be used as a guide for manufacturer to control the content of; K2O, C3A, and C4AF that result in an optimum sulphate content of SRC cement.

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Article
Effect of Combination in Different Sources of Irrigation Water on some Physical and Chemical properties in loamy and sandy soils as well as growth and yield of Sunflower
تأثير مزج مياه ري من مصادر مختلفة على بعض الخواص الفيزياوية والكيماوية للترب الرملية والمزيحة ونمو وحاصل عباد الشمسHelianthus annuus

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الخلاصة

The Experiment was carried out in green house in private farm near Mussayab Technical Institute during the growing season 2009-2010. Sunflower crop we used . The study included fourteen treatments are consisting of the compatibility between tow factors. First, was tow kinds of soils: sandy and loamy clay soil . second was seven levels of irrigation water ( 1) river water,(2) well water, (3) drainage water, (4) river + well water,(5) river + drainage water, (6) well + drainage water, (7) river + well + drainage water). The RCBD with three replicate was used and the means was compared by L.S.D 0.05. Result showed that: The treatments of loamy soil was best than sandy soil in physical properties such as (bulk density, porosity and WHC) by 8.28 ,22.46,and 78.51% respectively. and on chemical properties such as ( Ec , PH and CEC) by 16.33 ,1.42 ,111.07 % respectively . The treatments planted in loamy soil showed superior qualities of the vegetative mass (germination ratio, area of leafs and dry vegetative weight) by 10.07 ,9.07,11.48 % respectively .And in grain mass (yield of grain in plant , amount of grain in plant and the weight of 1000 grain) ) by 7.77,9.59 , 5.89 % respectively. The treatments irrigated by river water , river + well water has the best quality in the physical and chemical properties.Also in vegetative and grain mass .But the treatments irrigated by daring water , daring + well water , well water and three source water lead to increased the Ec and decreased the Ph and CEC . There was an interaction between tow factors in the experiments in ( the amount of grain in plant and the weight of 1000 grain ) .

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Article
الإيقاع الداخلي في شعر أبي فراس بين أسلوبية الصوت والأثر الدلالي

المؤلفون: مـكـي مـحـي عـيـدان ألـكـلابي
الصفحات: 37-58
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الخلاصة

This research tries to stand on an important pillar of the pillars of the aesthetics of a text configuration voice of the text as smaller units function and influential aesthetically , but that voice and Solomon dimension of aesthetic foundations in the text. The sound manifestations multiple ones Foreign including internal and not less after internal State so we will try here to examine this dimension voice through rhythm internal representative Pfnin two important repetition and repetition in order to stand on two important things are the stylistic voice pursued by Rumi in poems and effect Semantic this procedure voice and success of this recruitment for these technicians after esthetic of the poetic text and search for that split the first two sections devoted to repeat and the second sought to study the trilling together with a conclusion of the results reached by the search.

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Article
Coflat Modules and Exact Sequence

المؤلفون: Amjad Hamead Alhusiny
الصفحات: 38-40
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الخلاصة

We know that a right R-module C is flat if and only if every short exact sequence O→A→B→C→O of right R-modules is pure. Dually a right R-module A is coflat if ever short exact sequence O→A→B→C→O of right R-modules is copure. Co flat modules are defined in several ways, (as shown in [2] and [4]), In this paper it has shown that these definitions are equivalents. And we shell prove that every direct sum of coflat modules is coflat.

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Article
Evaluation the Performance of IP Routing Based OCDMA Networks by using fourth Padded Sequences of MPC Sequences

المؤلفون: Wesam Hamid Abdulhussein --- Ali Mahdy Ali
الصفحات: 41-52
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الخلاصة

The new code namely “Fourth Spreading Code-modified prime code (FSC-MPC)” was introduce through this paper of IP routing schemes over coherent optical code-division multiple-access (OCDMA) network. This code is created by addition pad for the prime code (MPC(. The length and weight of the proposed code are equal to (P2+4P) and (P+4), respectively, where P is a prime number used to generate the code, this proposed to enhance the performance of IP-based OCDMA networks and this code performed by using correlation term. The performance has been analyzed in terms of the users’, Bit Error Rate (BER) and received power signal of channel utilization factor in the network, and these results compared with another families codes. The numerical results show that the proposed code to reduces the multiuser interference without affecting the optical receiver sensitivity, and increasing the users with low power Consumption.

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Article
Effect of magnetically treated water irrigation and manure on vegetative growth parameters and yield of cauliflower
تأثير الري بالماء المعالج مغناطيسيا والسماد العضوي في مؤشرات نمو وحاصل القرنابيط

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted in field belong to Plant Production Department / Kufa Technical Institute during the period from 15/9/2011 till 12/1/2012 . The aim was to study the effect of four levels of magnetically treat water irrigation ( i.e.without treatment , 500 , 1000 , and 1500 Gaus ) and three levels of organic fertilizer (i ,e ,without fertilization,100 and 200 g/plant ) on some vegetative growth parameters and curd characteristics at harvesting of cauliflower cv. Ruba . Results showed that irrigation with magnetically treated water in general reduced the values of soil EC and pH ; P , K , and Ca were more or less reduced or increased depending on water treatments . Meanwhile , organic fertilizer that added to the soil reduced the values of P , K , Ca , Na and Cl . and the effect increased with the increase in the level of added organic fertilizer . Soil EC and pH recorded a slight increase with the increase of organic fertilizer . On the other hand , the highest values for vegetative growth parameters and curd characteristics were produced from the use of treated water with 1000 Gause accompanied with the use of 200g/plant of organic fertilizer . The highest values for the measured parameters were : 25.2 leaves , 1155.0g . , 128.0g . , 17.2cm . and 832.0g . for leaf number and its weight , stem fresh weight ; curd diameter and its fresh weight , respectively , compared to 19.0 leaves ; 515.0g .; 50.0g . ; 9.8cm . and 239.7g . respectively , for the above studied parameters obtained from plants of control treatment .

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Article
Purification of water pollution by some dyes using food by products
تنقية المياه الملوثة ببعض الاصباغ باستعمال قشور الرز

المؤلفون: بشائر جواد كاظم
الصفحات: 50-57
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الخلاصة

This study is concerned with the adsorption isotherms of dyes Rhoda mine 6G Nile blue by using ultra -violet- visible spectroscopy technique , the results showed that the dyes terms of Rhoda mine 6G and Nile blue were (S_(4 ),L_3) according to (Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms Giles classification). Temperature has been investigated at (298 – 328 k) , the results obtained indicate that the adsorption of Rhoda mine 6G and Nile blue dyes ,increase with increase of temperature ,in other words the adsorption process is endothermic and ΔH is positive . The effect of the acid function was also studied; the results obtained were follows according to the sequence: In the Rhodamine6G pH 3 <7 > 10 . The Nile blue pH 10 > 7 >3 .

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Article
Dependence of Structural and I-V Characteristic on Annealing Temperature of a-As/c-Si Heterojunction
دراسة تأثير التلدين على الخواص التركيبيه وخواص I-Vللمفرق الهجين a-As/c-Si

المؤلفون: Ramiz Al-Ansari --- Hussien Al-Lamy --- Jenan Al-Haidery
الصفحات: 53-57
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الخلاصة

In this work the effect of annealing temperature on the structure of a-As and electrical properties of a-As/c-Si heterojunction have been studied. The heterojunction fabricated by deposited of a-As film on c-Si using thermal evaporation technique. Electrical properties of a-As/c-Si heterojunction includes I-V characteristic in dark at different annealing temperature and C-V characteristic are considered in the present work. C-V characteristic show that the fabricated diode was abrupt type , built in potential determined by extrapolation from 1/C2-V curve. The built in potential (vbi) for the a-As/c-Si system was found to be increase from 0.35 to 0.8 V with increasing annealing temperature.

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Article
Optimizing condition for production of protease and chitinase from Beauveriabassiana
تحديد الظروف المثلى لإنتاج إنزيمي البروتييز والكايتينيز من الفطرBeauveriabassiana

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الخلاصة

Effect of environmental and cultural conditions in the production of the Protease and Chitinase enzymes from B. bassiana were studied . Results showed that the highest production of these enzymes were obtained by using medium composed of baker's yeast at concentration 1.5 % supplemented with 0.3 % (NH4)2 SO4, at initial pH 6.5 with an inoculum size 16 % , and incubated at 30 ˚C on a rotary shaker at 150 rpm for 72 h.

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Article
Solving System of Fuzzy Linear Differential Equations With Fuzzy Initial Values
حل نظام خطي من المعادلات التفاضلية الضبابية مع القيم الضبابية الأولية

المؤلفون: Athera Nema Kathem
الصفحات: 58-63
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we consider a system of linear fuzzy differential equations (F.D.Es) with fuzzy initial values. We discuss the solution of the system x ̇(t)=Ax(t)+f(t,g) ;t> 0 x(0)=x_0 , where A is a real n × n matrix, the initial condition x0 and the constant g are vectors of n fuzzy numbers and the function f(t,g) is described by multiplication the variable t with the vector of fuzzy numbers g. In addition , we generalized the solution for solving nth order linear F.D.Es. with fuzzy initial values .

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Article
جماعة العدل والإحسان المغربية (1970-2000) دراسة تاريخية

المؤلفون: حسين كريم حمود
الصفحات: 59-66
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الخلاصة

Islamic movement arose in the mid-twentieth century for many reasons and in the Kingdom of Morocco can be seen as the end of the sixties of the last century is the real beginning of the emergence of the Islamic trend and for many reasons are: 1- loss Morocco war with the Zionist entity in 1967. 2- Non Tkadin national movement what is required of it by the end of French colonial rule in Morocco. 3- Royal Moroccan regime's desire existence force confronting leftist movements, especially the Communists, who were in control of the student political arena. In this sense founded JCO by Sheikh Abdalssalam Yassine, who studied in Morocco and pedagogy and inspectors work in Education and left in 1967. He was able Sheikh Yassin to earn some disciples to him and start his political career in 1974 when sent a letter to the king Hassan II and who was jailed because of with his companion and when he came out of prison start his second and was surrounded by a lot of Moroccan youth and had been subjected to arrest and house arrest in many periods. And exposed the movement to ban the chase by Moroccan security, and issued the movement a lot of magazines but the system did not allow them to continue, and was the movement to shake a strong 1990 where he was arrested council all continued detention two years were not allowed to Sheikh Yassin contact with the outside world for a period of ten years. During that period, was able to gain a lot of movement of students and had the positions of all the issues the Moroccan and Arab and Islamic countries. After the lifting of the blockade-based Sheikh in 2000 to start the SPLM on Morocco. Did not change the Moroccan government's policy towards movement in spite of the death of King Hassan II and the receipt of power by King Mohammed 6

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Article
Calibrating the Discharge Coefficient of Rectangular with Quarter Circular Edge Crested Weir

المؤلفون: Riyadh HamadMohammed
الصفحات: 64-73
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الخلاصة

This study presents a series of experimental investigations on to calculate discharge coefficient of flow over rectangular weir with quarter circular edge crested extending across the full width of the channel(suppressed) to evaluation the discharge coefficient of the flow. Three weirs were constructed and tested for differentdischarges. They were stable over flow pattern, easy to pass floating debris, has fair coefficient of discharge. Data obtained from laboratory experiments provide information on head - discharge relationship for three models with different height and curvature of weir. Each model has an empirical head – discharge equation. The predicted values of discharge coefficient for the proposed models were based on measured discharge and the derived discharge equation. Analysis of the results revealed thatdischarge coefficient is proportional withheight and radius of curvatureand with the upstream head above weir crest.

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Article
STUDY OF IRON AVAILABILITY AND ITS CONTENT IN CORN PLANT GROWN IN SOME BABYLON SOILS
دراسة جاهزية الحديد ومحتواه في نبات الذرة الصفراء في بعض ترب محافظة بابل

المؤلفون: صباح كدر احمد
الصفحات: 67-73
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الخلاصة

A study was conducted to evaluate the availability of iron in some Babylon governorate soils and their contents in corn plants. Thirteen different locations were selected; the selections were made to represent the most local geographical units dominated in Governorate in soils and were 27 units. Since the locations were differed in areas, accordingly differed in number of soil samples. Linear equations were used to describe the relationship between the studied parameters and some properties of soils. The results showed that, the availability of iron was ranged from 0.26 to 12.60 with average of 4.96 mg Kg-1.With respect to plant dry matter, the data indicated that iron content was ranged from 16.22 to 166.31 with average of 49.73 mg Kg-1. The percentage of locations suffered from iron deficiency was 82%. With the exception of AL_Sadda soils, all locations were low in available iron, moreover locations of Al_Abrahimyia and Abu-Garak were the least in available iron with percentages of 100 and 98% respectively. The results also showed a negative linear relation between available iron and iron content in plant with total and active carbonate minerals, whereas a positive linear relation between available iron was found with cation exchange capacity (CEC), however no significant relation was found with pH, organic matter, clay and silt content.

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Article
((إنْ هذانِ لساحران )) طه /63 قـــــــراءة وتوجيهــــاً

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الخلاصة

In the name of God the Merciful Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be upon Muhammad and The God of the good and virtuous and his family Almentajabin, either: it received this verse PAUSE readers and researchers, and grammarians pens and scholars, scattering views has encouraged researchers to collect what was said. Have varied sources of research until grow forty, in order to achieve the goal envisaged, and we set off in our reading the hole Koran poor IbnKathir and read Abu Amr then read the rest, and reminded us after all read the directions and views that have been made in, and we - thankfully - to a range of results mention in the finale is the most prominent: amounted readings verse - in addition to reading the Koran - fourteen read, some OK to draw the Koran, and the rest is abuse, and to read the Koran three directions two possible in Arabic, and himself a modern directing the third, had differing views on those routes, and consider guidance second, and more readings Good guidance grammarians and scholars is the fourth reading - according to the sequence of researchers - it has been suggested which twelve words, do not claim that we have achieved end, and reached to be, Fannie us, but we hope to bridge the gap

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Article
Interaction study between different levels of water stress and potassium on shoot growth of Wheat plant (Triticum aestivum L.) at elongation stage
دراسة تاثير التداخل بين مستويات مختلفة من الإجهاد المائي والبوتاسيوم في نمو المجموع الخضري لنبات الحنطة (Triticum aestivum L.) في مرحلة الاستطالة

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted by using plastic pots in the Department of Biology- College of Education for Pure Sciences / University of Karbala for the season (2011 - 2012), to study the effect of the interaction between different levels of water stress and the addition of potassium on vegetative growth indicators of plant wheat, which included (plant height , Leaf area, number of, number of leaves, dry weight of root system, dry weight of shoot) at elongation stage. Factional experiment within a Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D.) with three replications was applied . The experiment included three concentrations of potassium (i.e. 0, 100 and 200) kg K.ha-1 , and three water stress levels depending on the field capacity at the amount (100%, 75%, 50%). The experiment included 27 pots (experimental unit).The data were been analyzed and means were compared using L.S.D at 0.05 probability level. The most important results that could be summarized as follow: one hundred field of capacity treatment gave the highest values of the studied traits(plant height, number of leaves, number of tillers, leaf area, dry weight of root system, dry weight of shoot). Results also showed that addition of potassium at (200) kg K. ha-1 gave the higher values for the above-mentioned traits. Meanwhile the results a significant interaction between the levels of water stress and potassium giving a various effects on the studied traits.

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Article
Diameter and width via Rotating Calipers of a Set of Two-dimensional Convex Hull Vertices using Graham scan algorithm

المؤلفون: Mahdi Naser Alzubaidi
الصفحات: 74-81
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الخلاصة

A convex hull is an important shape in graphic geometry that can be used to construct many other geometric structures.In this paper we compute the Convex hull polygon by eliminating all the interior points and bounding box the exterior points using Graham scan algorithm then we compute the Diameter and width of aconvex hull polygon using a powerful, easy and well-designedmethod that can solve several computational geometric difficultiesprofessionallyin practice called Rotating Caliper method. The proposed idea of a well-known rotating caliper algorithm includesrotate pairs ofparallel straight lines called antipodal pairs around a given polygon's vertices, the first one located inmaximum Y-coordinate and the second one is in minimum Y-coordinateof Convex hull vertices. If wecontinuously sweep the tangent of the antipodal pairs through 360 degrees,then the width and diameter of the convex hull polygon are simply detected byminimum and maximum distance between the antipodal pairs during thissweep process. The experimental results revealthat The rotating calipers algorithm is fast ,powerful, easy and general tool for solving geometric problems. Keywords: Rotating Calipers; Computational Geometric; Graham Convex Hull.

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Article
Political decision-making mechanism of Kuwait (Upbringing and even contemporary Kuwait)
الية صنع القرار السياسي الكويتي ( من النشأة وحتى دولة الكويت المعاصرة)

المؤلفون: دورين بنيامين هرمز --- كرار عباس متعب
الصفحات: 75-90
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الخلاصة

The process of political decision-making related to the political system, which is a group of institutional relationships that are reflected on the social reality of the country, as a result of the interrelationship between the political system and decision-making, the latter influenced all interactions community simply because the process of transforming the political demands in the community to make binding decisions, and usually do not have political decision unilaterally, but it is often a collection of opinions and positions converged, which concludes at the end a decision usefulness to the public interest, in addition to this, the political decision to be devoid of meaning if it does not comply with the interests and needs of the community groups that are the responsibility of the decision-maker

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Article
تأثير الدبور الأحمر الشرقي Vespa orientalis L.في هلاكات طوائف نحل العسل المحلي العراقي Apis mellifera L. لبعض محافظات وسط العراق

المؤلفون: مشتاق طالب كريم
الصفحات: 82-88
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الخلاصة

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the direct attack of the oriental hornet Vespa orientalis L. against local Iraqi honeybees Apis mellifera L. at the some middle governorates in Iraq through 2009,2010 and 2011. Results showed that the direct mortality of beehives caused by hornets in 2011 was generally higher than those of 2010 and 2009 which were reached to 28.1 , 27.7 and 20.2 % respectively . The beehives in Wasit governorate were highly affected by the hornet ,then Al-Najaf , Kerbala and Al-Qadissiya, which were 30.9 , 24.89 , 23.1 and 22.64 % respectively . It can be concluded that the impact of the hornet was progressively increased through 2009 to 2011 , which may belong to the increasing of global warming .

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Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Fused Rings from Mannich Bases.
تحضير وتشخيص حلقات مندمجة من قواعد مانخ

المؤلفون: Nagham .Mahmood .Aljamali
الصفحات: 82-91
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الخلاصة

In this work , four new compounds of mannich bases were synthesized through reaction of diketone compounds with ammonia or amine derivatives to give enamino ketone as intermediate , which reacts with aldehyde compounds to yield compounds [1-4] . The structures of all synthesized compounds were characterized by (C.H.N)elementary analysis , 1HNMR spectra and FT-IR spectra.The data obtained gave good support for synthesized compounds [1-4] .

الكلمات الدلالية

mannich base --- ring fused --- intermediate.


Article
Effect of wet cupping on some blood parameters on male young
تأثير الحجامة الرطبة على بعض المعايير الدموية لدى الشباب.

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الخلاصة

The aim oPf this study was to determined some blood effect caused y wet cupping therapy , the study occur on 200 in male young in March 2010. After take types of blood group of young some other parameters were determined before and after 3 hours wet cupping like hemoglobin estimation ,packed cell volume , deferential leukocytes , clotting time and systolic and diastolic blood pressure . The statistical analysis showed significant increase (p<0.05) in the hemoglobin estimation ,packed cell volume in A,B and AB groups and significant decrease (p<0.05) in clotting time in all blood groups and also found significant decrease (p<0.05) in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in A,B and O groups . The study also revealed to male young show with good physiological feeling after wet cupping therapy.

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Article
The Companion Umm Salamah (God bless her) And their impact on the study of the Sunnah
الصحـابـيــة ام سـلمة (رضي الله عنها) وأثرها في دراسة السنة النبوية

المؤلفون: فاضل عباس مشعل
الصفحات: 91-105
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الخلاصة

Whatever disappeared historical facts in books on the shelves of libraries must extend the hands that want to show the truth and give the devil his due, and thank God, who did this work, which I hope to have reached even the minimum of satisfaction seen it and through which summarized a number of important results: 1- This research sheds light on several aspects of the personality of Umm Salamah (God bless her) that ripe her Alzerrv to be One of the women with a share in the history and have a distinct impact of biography and thought it belonged to the family، Knew her generosity and kindness, as well as the most important event in her life is her marriage to the Prophet (God bless him and his family). 2- research found that Umm Salamah (God bless her) was alive time Martyrdom of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) was because of the confirmation of the Holy Prophet (God bless him and his family) to do so In the famous modern bottle and blood Alabit. 3- research focused on number of conversations told by Umm Salamah (God bless her) nine in the modern books . 4- Explain search relationship Umm Salamah (God bless her) for the family Mohammed (God bless him and his family) and are very close and almost one Them to their crisis throughout their life span fixed position towards them and recounted a lot of chatter that uttered them Especially in the Imam Ali (peace be upon him). 5- Find the religious and social status prestigious L Salamah (God bless her) because of the reluctance of some personalities Saw them jurisprudence and righteousness for the purpose of documenting conversations and hear for themselves. Seek through her positions on the wisdom of her mind and pass the crises and dilemmas that they encounter Muslims.

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Article
Study of comparative between insulin ,daonil drugs and effect on immune resistance in diabetes mellitus patients
دراسة مقارنة بين علاج الأنسولين والداؤونيل وتأثيرهما على الاستجابة المناعية لمرضى السكري

المؤلفون: Hayfa`a Jaber Hussein
الصفحات: 92-97
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الخلاصة

This study was design to explain the action of insulin drug in saving on the normal level of immunoglobulins in diabetes mellitus patients compared with daonil drug . Fasting venous blood samples were taken from 60 subjects of which 20 patient with type І diabetes mellitus, 20 patient with type ІІ diabetes mellitus and 20 healthy individuals. All the blood samples were analyzed for C- Reactive Protein and immunoglobulins (immunoglobulin G, immunoglobulin A, immunoglobulin M). The results detected an increase in CRP in sera of patients with type ІІ group compared for patients with type І and control groups. Immunoglobulins (IgG,IgA) levels were increased in sera of patients with type ІІ group compared to patients with type І and control groups, while, IgM level was decreased in sera of patients with type ІІ group compared with patients with type І and control groups.


Article
تأثير بعض التغيرات الفصلية في التوازن المائي للجسم وعلاقتها بالتغيرات النسجية للغدة النخامية في ذكور الارانب البيضاء النيوزلندية (Oryctolagus cunniculus )

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out in department of Biology of Karbala university and in Laboratory of Histopathology in AL- Hussein hospital during the period from 5/1/2011 to 15/8/2012. Twenty adult male of Newzealand rabbits (10-12) months old and weighting (2.85 -3.01) kg .The rabbit were divided into two equal group,10 rabbit for winter sample and 10 rabbit for summer sample .The temperature and humidity in winter season respectively (12c, 70%) They were measured by system measuring thermometer and hydrometer month in January and February. In summer the temperature and humidity (50c, 10%) were respectively. In Histological study of pituitary gland notice congestion of Blood vessel and Necrosis in season winter and Summer

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Article
Study the some concentrations of Immunoglobulins IgG ,IgM ,IgA in Psoriasis Patients
دراسة تراكيز بعض الكلوبيولينات المناعية IgG ,IgM ,IgAعند مرضى الصدفية psoriasis

المؤلفون: Tamara Ala`a Hussein
الصفحات: 98-103
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الخلاصة

This study designs to study the effect Psoriasis disease on the concentration of some immunoglobulins in human. The study divided into two groups : psoriasis patients group including 20 Randomly individuals of both sexes with different ages. and control group , which also included 20 normal individual from healthy individuals not infected with any skin disease and were races and ages approach to psoriasis patients.The study included some tests of the immunological examination by measuring the concentrations of immunoglobulins IgG, IgM and IgA in both groups. The results indicated the presence of significant change (p < 0.05) a change in the mean level of immunoglobulins in samples infected as compared with a control. also found two phases of infection psoriasis, one active and represents the acute phase, and the other inactive and represents the phase chronic infection has been found a difference in concentration standard tests studied in both phases. Because after the active phase increasing the concentration of IgG and IgA. The inactive phase of the study to increase the concentration of IgM.


Article
The effect of using of nigella sativa seed as a food addivited to local Iraqi goat kids in body weight and some hematological traits
تأثيرإضافة بذور الحبة السوداء الى عليقة جداء الماعز المحلي الأسودفي وزن الجسم وبعض صفات الدم

المؤلفون: مهند فضل حسين المسعودي
الصفحات: 101-106
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الخلاصة

The aim of present study was to investigate the effect ofnigellasativa seed in two level to diet in some haemologicaltraits and body weight of localblack male kids, this study was conducted in private farm in Karbala city between 27/3/2012 to 27/8/2012,twenty four kids in 10.5 -11 month age old were divided randomly into three group (8each).Animal of first group (control) free from any addition only concentrated diet,the 2nd group feeded on 5 grams of nigella sativa add to each Kg diet as a foodaddivites,while the 3rd group feeded on 8 grams of nigella sativa add to each Kg diet ,the result revealed the following: Kids body weight in T1 &T2 groups was significantly increased( P<0.01) comparative with control.Hemoglobine concentration was significantly improved (P<0.01) in the T1&T2 groups at last month of study comparative with control group, RedBlood Cells count significantly increases(P<0.01) in T1&T2 groups comparative with control in last month of study , while white blood cells count and packed cell volume there was no significant different in spit of the numberous different between groups

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Article
Blood and Lens Glutathione and Catalase Activity in Patients with Age-Related Cataract
فعالية catalase و glutathione في الدم والعدسة للمرضى المصابين بساد العين الشيخوخي

المؤلفون: Ahamed M. --- Haider M. Ibrahim --- Adelah A. Taher
الصفحات: 104-108
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الخلاصة

Cataract is a complete or partial opacity that develops in the crystalline lens of the eye . There is an accumulation of evidences suggesting that oxidative damage might be one of the primary biochemical events leading to cataract development. This study was conducted at the Department of Biochemistry ,College of Medicine , Kufa University from December /2006 to July /2007.One hunderd and ten cataractous lenses were collected from patients aged 50-85 years (males 52 and females 58) who underwent extracapsular cataract extraction at Al-sadder Teaching Hospital in Najaf. Blood samples were obtained from 60 patients (males 25 and females 35). Lens and blood samples were subjected to chemical analysis to estimate levels of catalase activity and glutathione as a biomarker of oxidative stress in cataractogenesis process. Comparison was made between mature and immature cataract and it was found that the catalase activity and levels of glutathione were significantly decreased (P<0.01) in lens and serum of patients with mature cataract and smokers when compared with immature cataract and non smokers respectively.

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Article
Effect exhibitionist industrialization and chemical traits (quality and qualitative) on competence , qualitative and classification among grains wheat varieties locality
تأثير الصفات التصنيعية المظهرية و الكيمياوية (الكمية والنوعية) على كفاءة ونوعية والتصنيف بين أصناف حبوب الحنطة المحلية

المؤلفون: منذر خماس جبار --- أمير هادي عبيد
الصفحات: 107-112
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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted during the winter season 2010-2011 in the laboratory of Seed Technology – Field crops Department - Collage of Agriculture - University of Babylon, and laboratories of the General Authority for examination and certification of seeds - Branch Babylon - Ministry of Agriculture, in order to study how to distinguish between cultivars of local wheat, including but distinguished from varieties of wheat imported or exotic by the distinction between the grains studied recipes grain (the key classification of grain cultivars) were studied traits are (the size of Brush , Recipes groove , the proportion of thick to wide, the length of grain , the weight of 1000 grains , Resistance to salinity, dressing percentage , the power of the fetus, saturated phenol and the percentage of protein). Used in the experiment of the qualities of digital design randomized complete CRD , Data were analyzed by analysis of variance were compared using the test averages less significant difference at the level of 5%, and the results of the experiment showed the following: - Does not appear Brush in grain varieties Adnaniyah and the Door29 and were small in cultivars of Eazz ,Maxbak , Iba95 , Rashid, Noor and Abu Ghraib , medium-sized varieties Sham 6 and Iba99 and Zahra and Tamoz2, while the area of the groove and wide varieties Adnaniyah, Eazz , Cham 6 , Iba 99 , Abu Ghraib , Iba 95 , Door 29 and Noor , were narrow for the rest of items within the study , and different depth of the groove between the deep of the Eazz, Sham 6, Abu Ghraib , Iba 95 , Rashid and the shallow to the rest of the cultivars of the study, for the amount of the proportion of thick to wide was the largest of the items Adnaniyah , Maxbak, Rashid and equal in Sham 6 and Zahra and smaller in the rest of the Articles of the study, and the superiority of cultivars Adnaniyah and Rashid to give more weight of a grain and the length of the pill compared to the other cultivars, and the resistance of vegetative gave classified rational greater resistance than other varieties and dressing percentage surpassed items Maxbak and Iba95 and Rashid for the rest of cultivars, and the superiority of cultivars of Rashid and Adnaniyah in the strength of the embryo on the rest of the items, and the varying grain color phenol between the non-appearance of the dye Brown color and gray and black, and also more than Rashid in the class to give the largest percentage of protein than other cultivars.

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Article
Effect of GarlicOil on Gentamicin InducedHepatorenal Toxicity in rats
اثر زيت الثوم على السموم الكبدية الكلوية المستحدثة بأعطاء دواء الجنتامايسين على الجرذان

المؤلفون: Mohammed Talat Abbas --- Mohammed Mustafa HashimZayni --- Najdat Ali Al-Kadhi
الصفحات: 109-117
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الخلاصة

Gentamicin is an important aminoglycoside, natural or semisynthetic antibiotic commonly used against the life threating infections in human. Nephrotoxicity is the major side effect of aminoglycosides. The aim of this study is to investigate the protective/ prophylactic roles of garlic oil against gentamicin-induced abnormalities in metabolic biochemical parameters in serum and tissues of female albino rats. In this study, we used 30 Wistar albino 230-250 g female rats. The animals were randomly divided into five groups. Each experimental group consisted of six animals.Control group, they were fed with only standard rat diet and tap water for 2week. Garlic Oil: Rats were treated daily with a dose of5 ml/kg Garlic Oil(GO) via gavage, and received was start of the 5day of the experiment. Gentamicin: Rats were treated daily with a dose of 100 mg/kg gentamicin(G) asintraperitoneal(IP) at 5 day of the experiment. Gentamicin + Garlic Oil: Rats were treated with synchronisedintraperitoneal gentamicin plus garlic oil 5ml/kg every day via gavage at 5 day of the experiment. Garlic Oil (Pre) +Gentamicin: Rats were treated with 5 ml/kg/ every day via gavage garlic oil in start the first day of the experiment and then gentamicin received at the above-mentioned dose at 5 day of the experiment.a significant increase in serum levels of glucose, bilirubin, urea and creatinine as well as the activity of the AST, ALT, LDH, and ALP enzymes were observed in rats treated with gentamicin for a period of ten days. However, supplementation of gentamicin- intoxicated rats with garlic oil ameliorated the gentamicin adverse effects as evidenced by a significant increase of serum total protein content, and a decrease of serum glucose, bilirubin, urea and creatinine levels, as well as the activity of AST, ALT,LDH and ALP enzymes. Histopathological changes in liver and kidney were not observed on animals treated with Garlic oil when compared with the control group .However, animals treated with gentamicin showed fibrosis, necrosis, and fatty infiltrate in liver and showed necrosis and degeneration of glomerulus in kidney. This effect was significantly decreased in animals pretreated with garlic oil.


Article
Effect of Zinc spraying on the growth and yield of three cultivars of beans
تاثير الرش بالزنك المخلبي في نمو وحاصل ثلاثة اصناف من الباقلاء

المؤلفون: احمد نجم عبدالله الموسوي
الصفحات: 113-120
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted at AL-Hussainyah district of Kerbala /Iraq to study the effect of Zinc spraying on the growth and yield of bean. The experiment included two factors. First factor included Zinc concentrations (0, 30 and 60 ppm). Second factor included three cultivars. of bean. The experiment was designed as according the Randomize Complete Block Design ( RCBD). The result showed the following points: 1. The concentrations of zinc Significantly increased plant height and number of pods at60ppm, number of forest,number of seeds, seed weight, rate of seed yield and Biological yield at 30ppm . 2. Height significant different local vari. On other vari. In characters on the plant height, number of forest, number of pods and number of seeds. 3. The interaction between (local vari. + 60 ppm) significantly increased plant height, number of forest, number of pods, number of seeds, seed weight , seed yield and Biological yield.

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Article
A Modeling Approach Towards Improving Compliance of Treated Water Quality to Reduce Manpower and Chemicals
اتباع نهج نمذجة نحو تحسين نوعية المياه المعالجة لتقليل الأيدي العاملة والمواد الكيمياوية

المؤلفون: Alaa Husaeen Wadie
الصفحات: 118-128
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الخلاصة

In water treatment processes, the individual unit operations are complex, highly non-linear and poorly understood. Whilst many models have been developed to improve process understanding, these are rarely in a form easily exploited by the control engineer. Attempts to improve the performance of water treatment works through the application of improved control and measurement have had variable success. This paper investigates the application of feed forward control on the clarification process of a small-scale pilot plant. The application aimed towards maximizing the efficiency of the chemical coagulation process. To accomplish this, a simple computer program written in Visual Basic version 6 models to achieve the process operating conditions. Mathematical models based on historical plant data covering 18 months were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression analysis. The following parameters were important determinants of coagulant dose and pH control reagents: river turbidity, pH, temperature, total dissolved solids, and plant flowrate. A predictive equation was developed from the data, of the form: Al2(SO4)3 (mg/L) = a*Q + b*Turb + c*TDS + d*pH + e*Temp + f While for adjusting pH, whether lime or soda ash are added, the pretreatment of water supplies involves decreasing the acidity, to soften, and to clear drinking water. Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime. The addition of lime is with the form: CaO (mg/L) = j + k *pH The addition form for sodium percarbonate Na2CO3 is: Na2CO3 (mg/L) = m + n*pH The program was designed as an aid, so the user can still customize and optimize the computer suggested design. Users are able to move forward in adjusting or optimizing the design in minutes, which is difficult for manual system. This system is very powerful tool in improving compliance of treated water quality to reduce manpower and chemicals. This is the underlying concept behind the development of this work and to facilitate the organizations and individuals with better understanding on how their actions can have a direct impact on the treatment.


Article
Predict of productional and physiological performance of Friesian cows by calculating Heat Tolerance Coefficient
لتنبؤ بالأداء الإنتاجي والفسلجي لأبقار الفريزيان اعتمادا على معامل التحمل الحراري (Heat Tolerance Coefficient)

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الخلاصة

This research was conducted in Ishaqi Cattle Station north of Baghdad, and use of 36 Friesian cows in the beginning of the lactation for the period, 2010. the aim of this research to study the predicted production and physiology performance of Friesian cows for the heat tolerance coefficient (HTC). Negative and highly significant regression of daily and total (monthly) milk production on HTC, while the speed of access to the peak lactation on HTC was positive and significant, the regression coefficient of this relationship was 21.56 day, while the regression coefficient of the length of peak had negative and highly significantly (-44.99 day). This investigated should be significant negative regression of protein , fat and lactose of milk on HTC were -0.85, - 1.11 and – 0.42 % respectively. Positive and significant (P<0.01) regression coefficient of days open and services per conception on HTC. Negative & highly significant of packed cell volume (PCV) , red blood cell (RBC) and Hemoglobin on HTC . Highly significant and negative regression coefficient of glucose , total protein and albumin on HTC, while the regression coefficient of AST , ALT and cholesterol had positive and highly significant. Negative and significant (P<0.01) regression coefficient of T3 and T4 hormones on HTC were – 1.40 and 2.95 n.mol/L respectively .

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Article
Study of some biological and ecological parameters of tomato leaf miner Tuta absuluta ( Gelechiidae : Lepidoptera ) in Karbala province
دراسة بعض الجوانب الحياتيه والبيئية لحشرة حفار اوراق الطماطه Tuta absuluta Gelechiidae : Lepidoptera ) ) على محصول الطماطه في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

Tomato leafminer Tuta absuluta considered as one of an important exotic pest on Solanaceae ,especially on tomato crop , this experiment carried out in Karbala province in 2012 and included study of insect biology under laboratory conditions , its densities in the field by pheromone traps in addition to insects preference to different kinds and varsities of solanaceae family plants Results showed : Life cycle ( generation period ) under laboratory conditions reached23.49 days , eggs incubation period 3.41 days , semi – larval 12.04 days , pupa phase 6.08 days , lifetime female 13.00 days and 6.80 days for male , average number of eggs was 115.20 eggs / female , hatching ratio 89.88% , sex ratio 1 :1.4 male : female Adults present at the beginning of the planting season with an average number of adults caught 52.3 / trap on 10 March /2012 and this pest exist as long the host plant exist , the highest density reached 248.3 insect /trap on 7 April and at the end of the season the average fixed at 81. 33 insect /trap on 16 June. The ferolite trap bitted with synthetic pheromone ( Qlure TUA - 500 ) was highly efficient in attracting insect males Insect differ in their preference for Solanaceae plants , tomato was the most sensitive host with an average 6.629 ± 0.30 mines / plant , while green pepper was the less sensitive hosts with an average number of mines 0.00 ( not infected ) . Also the Insects differ in their preference for tomato varieties ,Super-rigina Varity was the most preference with an average 6.9048 mines / plant while Super - queen variety was the less preference with an average6.5714 ± 0.506 mines / plant . Fruits of Super – queen tomato Variety were the highest infected by the pest, the percentage investigation reached 0.25 % while Olla variety was less , the percentage reached 0.23 % .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Calculating the parameters of a circular microstrip antennas CMSAs by using the Simple Cavity Model SCM.
حساب معاملات الهوائيات الشريطية الدائرية CMSAs باستخدام انموذج الفجوة البسيطة SCM.

المؤلفون: Nabeel Abbas Areebi
الصفحات: 129-136
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الخلاصة

Simple Cavity Model (SCM) was used to solve the problems related to the measurement of the characteristics of microstrip antennas MSAs, where the electric and magnetic fields were calculated . The programming of the SCM equations was done using MATLAB language. The antenna parameters such as: (input impedance, return loss ,bandwidth, resonance frequency and radiation patterns for both 〖TM〗_11 mode and 〖TM〗_21 mode) were computed and plotted. From which the bandwidth and directivity of the circular microstrip antennas have been determined. We found the increasing in the bandwidth value was obtained from increasing the thickness of the dielectric substrate in the CMSA and decreasing the dielectric constant.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Duration effect of whitening machine on grain temperature, moisture content and rice manufacturing indicators
دراسة تأثير زمن عمل ماكنة تبييض الرز نوع (Satake ) على رطوبة ودرجة حرارة الحبوب والصفات التصنيعيه للرز

المؤلفون: حيدر جواد كاظم
الصفحات: 133-139
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الخلاصة

The study aim to determine whitening duration effect of whitening machine (type Satake grain mill) on some manufacturing indicators for sheller rice . Four whitening time period used(15, 30, 45.60 seconds) to see the effect of changing time in grain temperature , moisture content , percentage of broken grains and the degree of grain whiteness. Has used samples of rice Amber 33. Results showed that increase in whitening time effects significantly on the grain temperature ( from 18.34 C ° to 26.7 C °). And showed a significant effect in increasing of rice whiteness degree , have ranged (from 24.6 to 33.8 ) degree . And has a significant effect in increasing of broken grains ratio and ranged between (4% - 7.63%). The study also showed a negative relationship between the time of grain whitening and grain moisture content .Moisture content decreased from 13.37% to 11.8% . Results were analyzed statistically according to completely randomized design CRD with three replicates , differences tested by (LSD) . Whitening period of 45 second was recommended . Key word : whitening duration, rice temperature , degree of whiteness, rice moisture , percentages of whitened breakage rice.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Employing hybrid methods for compression color images
ضغط الصور الملونة باستخدام خوارزمية K-Means وخوارزمية Run Length Encoding

المؤلفون: Baheja K.Shukur
الصفحات: 137-144
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الخلاصة

The purpose of compressing images to represent the image less to provide cost data storage and transmission time, however, the effectiveness of pressure accomplished by bringing the original image (instead of the exact loss). Therefore clustering problem defined as a collection of objects which are “similar” between them and are “dissimilar” to the objects belonging to other clusters; so, as every other problem of this kind, it deals with finding a structure in a collection of unlabeled data that providing a novel solution to the color image compression by exploiting the ability to generating groups of data by using k-mean algorithm. In this study true color images converted to YIQ color space then k-mean algorithm applied on the Y component to determine the number of cluster which used to constructing the clustered images. Run length encoding (RLE) algorithm applied on the resulting YIQ clustering images. In decompression stage RLE decompression algorithm used to reconstruct the RGB color images. Number of quality measurement computed like (peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR), (mean square error) MSE and signal to noise ratio (SNR) to measure the amount of distortion in this processes also the compression ratio calculated.

الكلمات الدلالية

Image clustering --- Image Compression --- RGB --- YIQ --- K-means Algorithm --- RLE compression.


Article
Numerical density study of Aphid gossypii Glover ( Aphididae : Homoptera ) and its preference for different hosts and varieties of Solanaceae family plants under controlled condition in karbala province
دراسة الكثافة العددية وحساسية عوائل واصناف من العائلة الباذنجانية للإصابة بحشرة من القطن Aphis gossypii Glover Aphididae : ) Homoptera (في الزراعة المحمية في محافظة كربلاء

المؤلفون: عايد نعمة عويد --- سوسن فاضل فواز
الصفحات: 140-145
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الخلاصة

Field and laboratory studies in one of the greenhouses planted with different varieties of solanaceae family plants in karbala province for the year 2011 – 2012 dealt with insect life and numberical density and food preference results showed . theat the highest intensity of the lesion was on the papper plant amounted to 893 insect / 10 paper and less intensity of the lesion was on the tomato plant and 104 insect /10 sheets of family Solanaceae plants . Eggplant Abdublack variety was more favorable for a nocturnal insect product Black star , Jawaharlal finaly type . the type of host plant clear impact on aspects of life of the insect , especially in a period role nymph productivity and a generation as she was the shortest period of generation on the class eggplant Abdubalck and longest period of a generation product Black star , and rate of productivity female virginity per 5.7 nymph female / day varieties Abdu Black and Black star Jawaher sequentially .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study on the photocatalytic degradation of indigo carmine dye by TiO2 photocatalyst
دراسة المعالجة الضوئية لصبغة النيل كامين بوجود ثنائي اوكسيد التيتانيوم كعامل مساعد

المؤلفون: Ahmed Hassan Ali
الصفحات: 145-153
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الخلاصة

Dye pollutants produced from the textile industries are becoming a major source of environmental contaminations. Approximately 150 tonnes every day is estimated to be released into the aquatic environment all over the world. The release of those dyes in the aquatic environment is a considerable source of non-aesthetic pollution and these dyes are also resistant to aerobic degradation, and under anaerobic conditions the dyes can be transformed into carcinogenic aromatic amines. This research reports on photocatalytic treatment of a hazardous indigo carmine dye in wastewater. The photocatalytic degradation was carried out in the presence of the catalyst TiO2. The effect of catalyst dose, pH and initial dye concentration on the degradation process has been assessed. The aqueous dye solution was degraded in a photochemical reactor in presence of UV light (365nm) along with suspended TiO2 particles. 100 ml of dye solution (25ppm) was subjected to degradation under UV light. Different concentrations of TiO2 photocatalyst (0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0 and 1.25g/L), different pH values (4, 7, 9, and 11) and different concentrations of indigo carmine dye (5, 10, 25, 50, 100 ppm) were employed for the present study. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction at optimum conditions was examined. The degradation of the dye was confirmed from the disappearance of peak at 608 nm.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Sesbania Seeds Partial Replacement with Soybean meal on the productive Features for two Broiler Hybrids .
تأثير الاحلال الجزئي لبذور السيسبان بديلاً لبذور فول الصويا في بعض الصفات الإنتاجية للهجينين من فروج اللحم

المؤلفون: سلام مرزة سهيل
الصفحات: 146-152
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الخلاصة

An experiment for two hybrids (Cobb and Ross) has been carried out to know the production performance by replacing partially Sesbania seeds (with a percentage of 0%, 15%, 30%, 45%) with Soybean meal . This experiment comprisen the use of 80 chicks for each Cobb and Ross and they have been distributed randomly on eight coops (ten chicks for each coop) and have been fed on the experimental diets contained Sesbania seeds instead of Soybean meal (Two times for each treatment) as follows : Treatment 1 : Replacement of Sesbania Seeds 0% (Cobb) . Treatment 2 : Replacement of Sesbania Seeds 0% (Ross) . Treatment 3 : Replacement of Sesbania Seeds 15% (Cobb) . Treatment 4 : Replacement of Sesbania Seeds 15% (Ross) . Treatment 5 : Replacement of Sesbania Seeds 30% (Cobb) . Treatment 6 : Replacement of Sesbania Seeds 30% (Ross) . Treatment 7 : Replacement of Sesbania Seeds 45% (Cobb) . Treatment 8 : Replacement of Sesbania Seeds 45% (Ross) . The weight gain , diets consumption and feed gain conversion as well as carcass cut – up parts have been measured at the age of 20 and 40 days . The results have shown that there were no significant differences between Cobb and Ross regarding the weight gain at the age of 10, 20, 30 and 40 days in addition to the treatments except for the age of 30 days in which there was a significant difference (P<0.05) whereas the percentage of replacement (0%) was the best . There was no Significant change in diet consumption at all ages except for the age of 30 days in which the hybrid Ross has consumed more Significant diet (P<0.05) comparing to hybrid Cobb and the percentage of replacement (0%) was less significant in diet consumption . As for feed gain conversion , there were no Significant differences between the two hybrids at all ages but at level (P<0.05) in the percentage of replacement between the age of 15 and 30 days at level (P<0.01) . The percentage of replacement (0%) was the best but the treatments have not shown any Significant differences except for the age of 20 days at level (P<0.01) . The treatments 6 and 2 were the most Significant in comparison among others . Concerning other features , there was no Significant difference between the two hybrids as well as the treatments . Only Significant differences have appeared (P<0.01) regarding the percentage of replacement for Carcass, chest, thigh, back and neck weight . The results have finally shown that the percentage of replacement (0%) was highest in numbers .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Production and Purification of Lactic Acid from LactobacillusImmobilized onAgar-agar
إنتاج وتنقية حامض اللاكتيك من بكتريا Lactobacillus المقيدة بأستخدام مادة الأكار- أكار

المؤلفون: علي عبد الكاظم الغانمي --- سهاد رضا متعب
الصفحات: 153-416
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الخلاصة

Cells of L. acidophilus and Lactobacillus sp. (25) were immobilized using entrapment method with two different supports . Results showed that agar – agar was more efficient in lactic acid production in compare with sodium alginate . Factors affect cells immobilization were studied and the results showed that (3)% agar – agar as a support with (1×109) cell / ml gave the highest production of lactic acid . Some of the optimal conditions for lactic acid production from the immobilized cells of L. acidophilus and Lactobacillus sp.(25) were studied . The results revealed that the best date juice concentration and yeast extract for lactic acid production were (4 and 0.3)% for both isolates , respectively .The optimal incubation periods for lactic acid production were (60 and 72) hours for L. acidophilus and Lactobacillus sp. (25), respectively.The immobilized cells for both isolates were stable during five repeated cycles and no acid production loss was observed during the studied periods. Lactic acid was isolated from culture filtrate of L. acidophilus and Lactobacillus sp.(25) . The isolation procedure included Clarification step, Ion exchange with anionic exchanger ( Amberlite IR- 400) and Ion exchange with cationic exchanger ]Amberlite IR 120- (H)[. Lactic acid yield obtained were (88.75 and 91.56)% for the above mentioned isolates , respectively .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Nonlinear Dynamic Modelling of Methanol-Water Continuous Distillation Column
النمذجة الديناميكية اللاخطية لعمود التقطير الميثانول – الماء المستمر

المؤلفون: Asseel M. Rasheed
الصفحات: 154-166
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الخلاصة

Methanol-water distillation column is an important unit operation in chemical processes. This research presents simple procedure of design and then dynamic model for binary continuous distillation column. This model is used to simulate the nonlinear dynamics behavior of the column, study product composition response and test effect of disturbance which takes place in feed. It plays an important role in controlling the column. The simulation results show that the effect of feed composition disturbances is greater than the effect of feed flow rate disturbances on the dynamic response behavior of product composition. The dynamic response of change in distillate composition is accompanied by dead time at different feed perturbations.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
INFLUENCE OF USING UNGRADED SAND ON SOME CONCRETE PROPERTIES
تأثير استخدام الرمل غيرالمتدرج على بعض خواص الخرسانة

المؤلفون: خالد حسن حاوي
الصفحات: 165-173
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الخلاصة

This research is studied possibility of using a sort of sand which its characters are not fulfilled Iraqi standard specification No. 45 - 1984 for passed graded materials that respect to sieve No.300 with deviation ratio up to14.5% as maximum as fine aggregate inproducing Concrete that has lower ( 12.4% compression, 18.5% tensile strength,and 1.35% density ) with increasing in water absorbing ratio which is reached to 9.5% in comparison with referential mixture . Mentioned sand is used with an addition of 10%cement weight that is used in the mixture for curing so as to produce Concrete which has an increasing of (compressive strength8.83%,tensile strength 11.15%,and 1.01% density )and with decreasing inratio of water absorption 2.5% . There is alsopossibilityfor addingplasticizer in the ratio 1% of cement weight that is used in the mixture so as to produce Concreteis had more(40.63% compression, 32.4% tensile strength,and 1.98% density ) withdecreasing inratio 8% of water absorption in comparison with same referential mixture .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
On The Factor GroupK(Dn×C3When n =2h)
حول الزمرة الكسريهcf(Dn ×C3,Z)/ (Dn×C3)عندما nعددزوجي

المؤلفون: HuseinHadiAbass --- Basmaa Mohammed zwen
الصفحات: 167-175
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الخلاصة

Let Dn be the dihedral group and C3 be the cyclic group of order 3 . Let cf(Dn×C3,Z) be the abelian group of Z-valued class function of the group Dn×C3. The intersection of cf(Dn ×C3,Z) with the group of generalized characters of Dn ×C3 which is denoted by R( Dn×C3 ) is a normal subgroup of the group cf(Dn ×C3,Z)denoted by (Dn×C3) . The factor group cf(Dn ×C3,Z)/ (Dn×C3) is afinite abelian group denoted by K(Dn×C3) . In this paper, we prove that the rational valued characters table of the group D ×C3 is equal to the tensor product of the rational valued characters table of D and the rational valued characters table of the cyclic group C3 . Also, we find that K(D ×C3)= .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of foliar application of Abscisic acid on some vegetative traits of wheat plant under diffrent levels of water stress
تأثير الرش بحامض الابسسك في بعض صفات النمو الخضري لنبات الحنطة (TriticumaestivumL.) تحت مستويات مختلفة من الاجهاد المائي

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted using plastic pots in the Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Science - University of Karbala during the growing season of 2011/2012. Factorial experiment within a Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D.) with three replicates was applied . The experiment included three concentrations of Abscisic acid (i.e. 0, 50 and 100) mg.l-1 .and three levels of field capacity (i.e. 50 , 75 and 100%). The experiment included 27 pots (experimental units).Results were summarized as follow : the field capacity of 100% gave the highest values of the remain studied traits. Whereas , 50% field capacity gave the lowest values root lenght. Apart from one case, Abscisic acid effect was constant with all studied parameters, where 100 mg.l-1. Abscisic acid gave the highest values of the parameters All interactions between water stress levels and Abscisic acid had a pronounced effect on studied parameters.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of maternal factors on breast feeding pattern among women in holy Karbala

المؤلفون: Sulfa .A .Hussein --- Suhair .M. Husoon --- Suha attea
الصفحات: 176-181
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الخلاصة

The aim of the present study is to determine variables, which associate with the breast feeding. Background: Maternal milk is considered the best and mostimportant nutritional source for the infant during thefirst six months of life.It is a unique process that inaddition to supplying the ideal nutrition for lactatinginfants, contributes to their healthy growth anddevelopment. Results: most mothers give breast feeding and the highest rate was among age group 30-34years.Analysis of data shows that breast feeding was higher among women who had of older age group, and older age at marriage, as well as illiterate mothers, and those who do not use contraception . Recommendation: Antenatal counselling on breastfeeding and postnatal lactation support are likely to improve rates of exclusive breastfeeding as well as health.

الكلمات الدلالية

breast feeding --- women --- contraception


Article
Growth and yield of Roselle plant under different levels of K and proline
نمو وحاصل نبات الكجرات تحت تأثير مستويات مختلفة من البوتاسيوم والبرولين

المؤلفون: شهلة محمد علي فتحي --- عبد عون هاشم علوان
الصفحات: 183-195
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted at AL- Bargah district (30) Km north- east Karbala province during the period from 2nd of March to 12th of October 2012 . to study the effect of the different levels of potassium and proline on some characteristics of vegetative growth and yield of Roselle plant . Three levels of potassium (i.e. 0.5,1.0 and 2.0) g/pot and four concentrations of proline (i.e. 0,50,100 and 150) mg/l were used . The experiment was conducted by using plastic pots of 10 kg soil capacity , 20 cm in diameter. Results revealed that, K at 2.0 g/pot significantly affected growth parameter (i.e. root's length and volume , root ,stem and leaves dry weights , leaves number ,leaf area , absolute growth and relative growth rates). Yield parameters (i.e. fruits number, fresh and dry weights of fruits) were also markedly influenced. Proline at 150 mg/l significantly affected the above mentioned parameters in addition to the root's diameter ,Apart from root's volume , relative growth rate and fruits number ,the interaction between K and proline had profound effect on the studied characteristics .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Using modelsBox-JenkinsARIMAforecastingproduce electric power
استخدام نماذج بوكس - جينكنز ARIMA في التنبؤ بإنتاج الطاقة الكهربائية

المؤلفون: أمل علي غافل
الصفحات: 196-207
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الخلاصة

This research includes a study of Box - Jenkins ARIMA models for The forecasting of electric power producing for Baghdad city. These models are used to build a model of the time series and Then choose the best model to predict values for future electricity production with practical application for electric power production for 6 years time series (i.e. 69 months) using statistical software STATGRAPHICS, The best model was ARIMA(1,0,2) Than ARIMA (1,0,1) model and ARIMA (1,0,0) from performance of predict methods

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Nuclear Shell Model Application on Nuclei Spectra By Using Modified Surface Delta Interaction
تطبيق أنموذج القشرة النووي على طيف النوى باستخـــدام جهد دلتا السطحي المحور

المؤلفون: علي خلف حسن --- فاطمة حميد عبيد
الصفحات: 208-216
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الخلاصة

Nuclear Shell Model is applied by using Modified Surface Delta Interaction to study the energy levels. The nuclei , have chosen in this study , contain two nucleons out of close core .By using calculated energy levels results and the allowable total angular momentum and parity values ,we found accepted sameness with the experimental values and also we determine and certain several angular momentum of experimental energy levels that are not determined and certainty experimentally.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير الإجهاد التأكسدي المستحث من فرط الحديد على مستويات الكولسترول والشحوم البروتينية قبل وبعد سن اليأس عند النساء

المؤلفون: حيدر بخيت الكريطي --- رقية كريم الكناني
الصفحات: 217-225
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الخلاصة

The present study was aimed of studying the effect of oxidative stress induced by iron overload between two deferent groups in female on some biochemical parameters . Blood samples were collected from two deferent groups,which age between (20-55) 5 ml of veins Blood were obtained from patients and control individuals after 12 hours of fasting. The serum obtained from the blood was used for enzymatic spectrophotometric was estimated from part of the blood which is placed in tube. comprised study measuring the biochemical parameters :, Red blood corpuscles RBC, Packed cell volume PCV, Hemoglobin Hb, Free iron, Total iron banding capacity TIBC, Transferrin % ,Total cholesterol TC, Triglyceride TG ,High density lipoprotein- cholesterol HDL-C ,Low density lipoprotein- cholesterol LDL-C. The result revealed that, decrease p<0.05 , PCV, Hb, in first group,and significant increase (p<0.05) in serum Free iron, Transferrin %, TIBC in second group Compared with first group . found significant increase (p<0.05) in serum High density lipoprotein- Total cholesterol TC, Triglyceride TG, LDL-C, VLDL-C compared with first group. While found decrease p<0.05 High density lipoprotein HDL-C compared with first group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Potassium ,Gibberellic Acid and their Interaction effects onthe Growth of Roselle Plant (Hibiscus sabdariffa L. )
تأثير البوتاسيوم , حامض الجبريليك والتداخل بينهما في نمو نبات الكجرات (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)

المؤلفون: عبد عون هاشم علوان --- جعفر سلمان جاسم
الصفحات: 226-234
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at Al-Bargah district (30)Km north east Kerbala city during the period from 2nd ,March till 12th ,October ,2012.The aim was to assess the effect of three levels of Potassium (i.e.0.5 ,1.0 and 2.0)g/pot, four concentrations of Gibberellic acid( i.e. 0 ,50,100and 150) mg/L and their interaction on growth parameters of roselle plant(Hibiscus sabdariffa L.).The treatments were applied twice,at 4-6 true leaf stage and at the flowering stage. Results could summarized as follow. 1-Increasing potassium levels significantly increasedplants height ,no. of branches ,leaves number andarea and fresh and dry weights of shoot. 2- Results revealed that , 50 mg/L GA3 caused an increment inplants height ,no. of branches ,leaves number andarea and fresh and dry weights of shoot. 3-The interaction between K and GA3 revealed that , the treatment of 2.0 g K and 50 mg/L GA3 increasedno. of branches and leaves area and fresh and dry weights of shoot.While,plantsheight andno. of leaves were notaffected.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
التأثيرات السمية لكلوريد الزئبقيك ومعالجتها بالسيلينيوم في بعض معايير الدم في ذكور الجرذان البيض

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الخلاصة

This study was designed to investigate some side effects of mercuric chloride ,when injected intraperitonealy in healthy rats . Lethal Dose (LD50 ) was determined . it was found to be 5 mg/kg of body weight , then doses of 0.5,1.0 and 1.5 mg /kg of body weight were injected intra-peritonealy to study some blood parameters for a period of 45 days . Sixty eight male rats weighed 200 - 300 grams & aged (12) weeks were used in this study . twenty rats were divided randomly to determine the Lethal Dose (LD50) , and 48 rats were divided randomly into four groups (12 rats for each group) ,the first animal group were injected subcutaneously with normal physiological saline ,while 2,3,4 groups were injected with mercuric chloride at doses of (0.5,1.0,1.5 ) mg /kg of body. The results showed that there was a significant decrease in Packed Cells Volume (P.C.V) , Red Blood Cells ( R.B.Cs ) & no significant differences in White Blood Cells ( W.B.Cs ) , also showed a decrease of liver enzymes ( ALT,AST,ALP ) & total protein in serum . Selenium at the dose of ( 0.5 ) mg/kg of body weight for (30 days ) to decrease the ef-fects of mercuric chloride was injected subcutaneously in the rats that were already treated with mercuric chloride . Significant decreases in Packed Cells Volume (P.C.V) & Red Blood Cells count (R.B.Cs) were found & no significant differences in White Blood Cells (W.B.Cs) and in ( ALT,AST,ALP ) were noticed & a decrease in total serum protein was observed .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
التأثيرات السمية لكلوريد الزئبقيك ومعالجتها بالسيلينيوم في التركيب النسجي للخصى والرئة في ذكور الجرذان البيض

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الخلاصة

This study was designed to investigate some side effects of mercuric chloride ,when injected intraperitonealy in healthy rats.Lethal Dose (LD50) was determined . it was found to be5mg/kg of body weight,then doses of 0.5,1.0 and 1.5mg /kg of body weight were injected intraperitonealy to study histopathological changes in testes and lungs . Sixty eight male rats weighed 200 - 300 grams & aged (12) weeks were used in this study . twenty rats were divided randomly to determine the Lethal Dose (LD50) , and 48 rats were divided randomly into four groups (12 rats for each group) ,the first animal group were injected subcutaneously with normal physiological saline ,while 2,3,4 groups were injected with mercuric chloride at doses of (0.5,1.0,1.5 ) mg /kg of body weight, the animals were weighed after (24 hours ) from the last dose . The results showed that there were significant differences in the weights of studied organs . The histological effects on the testis showed necrosis in the epithelial tissue of seminiferous tubules and congestion of interstitial tissue of the lung & thickening in septa between alveolar & infiltration of inflammatory cells and congestion of blood vessels . Selenium at the dose of ( 0.5 ) mg/kg of body weight for (30 days ) to decrease the effects of mercuric chloride was injected subcutaneously in the rats that were treated with mercuric chloride , significant decrease in the weights of testes and lungs. The histological effects in rats treated with selenium showed that there were some normal seminiferous tubules while others contained groups of died sperms in the lumen of seminiferous tubules and in the lung there were mild inflammatory reactions in the pulmonary interstitial tissue& congestion of blood vessels .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF DAM AGE AND SOME BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS ON PRODUCTIVE AND REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE IN AWASSI EWES
تأثير عمر الأم وبعض الصفات الكيموحيوية على الأداء الإنتاجي والتناسلي في الأغنام العواسية

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الخلاصة

A study was conducted at Al-Faihaa station (North of Babil) the station had a herd of awassi Sheep (500 sheep), This study included 180 records of 60 ewes the averge ages between (2-5) years, over period from 2010 to 2012, 120 viewer for every characters from blood parameters belonged to the same ewes for three month (April to June)2012 to predicting of number of production and reproduction traits through number of blood parameters after study effect of fixed factors on traits[birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), gain body weight (GBW) from birth to weaning, percentage of fertility (F) and litter size (LS)]. The overall means of BW, WW and GBW 2.53, 17.60 and 14.80 kg respectively. The F and LS were 69.82% and 1.40 bornewe respectively. The averages of blood biochemical characteristics such as glucose, total protein (TP), level of cholesterol and Follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) were 54.64 mg/dl, 53.23 g/l, 50.21 mg/dl and 1.59 ng/ml respectively. The age of the dam had nonsignificant effect in 3 years age records on BW while significant on WW and GBW. The age of the dam had significant effect(p<0.05) on F and LS and turned to the dams at 4 years age compare to other ages. Increased in growth traits with increase level of blood glucose and cholesterol while the regression coefficient of growth on level of TP was negative and the growth no effect by other blood parameters. The regression coefficient of F were significant (p<0.05) on glucose, cholesterol and FSH hormone. The regression of LS on level of glucose and TP in blood were negative and highly significant (p<0.01).

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