Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

Loading...
Contact info

Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2013 volume:1 issue:205

Article
Dictionary f Quaternary Reiterated in Arabic (The Jeem book )
مُعْجَمُ الرُّبَاعِيِّ المُكَرَّر فِي العَرَبِيَّةِ ( كتاب الجيم )

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This research Comprises The Jeem Book in the Dictionary of quaternary in Arabic, and we mean by quaternary reiterated is that, in a word, the first and the third letters are the same, and the second and the Fourth letters are the same, without being assimilated. The terms considered under the heading of the Jeem book are seventeen. They are: Juju, Jabjab, JathJath, Jahjah, Jakhjakh, Jadjad, Jadhjadh, Jarjar, Jazjaz, Jasjas, Jashjash, Ji ji , Jafjaf, Jaljal, Jamjam, Janjan, and Jahjah.

Keywords


Article
Islamic language term - assets and branches
لغة المصطلح الإسلامي – الأصول والفروع

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This opens Find Papa to study the term Islamic Baksmih improvised which has been associated use of the coming of Islam, or who used the language of the Arabs and then gained in the use of the Islamic new meaning. Identify the assets of these terms, and the statement of the outcome of the branches, known transform her in the transition from the linguistic meaning to meaningForensic idiomatic, and metaphorical relationships that govern this transition.

Keywords


Article
العتبات النصية في مجموعة ( أثناء الحمى ) القصصية لمحمود يعقوب

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Study addresses Altabat text when Mahmoud Jacob in his group (during fever), which showed the creative big, like trying to illusion in the establishment of a platform for a new type of stories, and this is what will call - inevitably - the use of methods of modern approach of this text, and for this we will try to interrogate Anwanatstories group. On this basis, the study addressed the following points: - a prelude theoretically, we have studied the term (title) language and idiomatically, - approach applied for the title outside of (President), - a census of the number of paintings entitled with Search Dimensions semantic and aesthetic of some of those Anwanat Sub .

Keywords


Article
ملامـــح المجاملة و الخداع في قصيدة التكسب و الانتفاع في العصر العباسي الثاني 334- 656 هـ

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In the name of God The merciful The compassionate The elements of flattery and deceit in the poem," AL – Takasb wa AL – Entifa'a" in the second Abassyian period 334 – 656 (Hijri).

Keywords


Article
استعمالات (( دون)) في العربية دراسة نحوية دلالية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

wordدون which occupies its proper position within the Arabic sentences wether in poetry or in prose. It reflects a great deal of expression which leads to move from one meaning to another and in the same time it refers to its illustration and meaning. All that reveals that the Arabic Language is a great and beautiful one and it is alive language. It never neglects its words and letters. It is perfect and distinguished. It is better than all other languages. It is quiet enough to say it is the language of Holy Quran. It explains great concepts with few brilliant words. It seems clear when combines three or four letters in one word. The holy Ayats of Quran show clearly the meaningful refrence of the letters Aldal, Alwaw and Alnoon in the word (doonدون ). Certainly all that not by chance, but it has the important effect in the combining of the word and for all other words which participate in reveal all aspects of(دون) as a word.

Keywords


Article
الوجوه والنظائر في القرآن الكريم

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Due thanks to Allah and peace be up his prophet Mohmmd and his hold house. Holly Ouran was and shall continue so God willing , the richest source to the Islamic nation to go back to it in all its affairs and issues . Also, it is also the endless spring to heal the scientific and intellectual thrust of the nation. In addition , Holly Quran is the endless treasule that endows the nation safe to build its history and culture all the way long. All a grants the meaning of his holly Book in great Arabic molds and decorates it with eloquecy and ma;e it inimitable. Thus , Arabs were all astonished , It you hear it, and some kneeled down on their kneels to its greatness when heard. By the way, ltolly Quran attracts even the non-believers who were listening to it out of admiration. It had its effect on the Arabs and non- Arabs when its beauty is revealed. The Holly Qurantalks to the minds to the extent that its affection touches the heart. Even the demons were touched secing its eloquency and fleeing its power. That is why scientists contributed to reveal its meaning and their tongues and pens are still trying to explain its ways till now with all their different levels specification whether religious, social, ethical or behairoural and also political, economical, military and universal. The meanings of Holly Quran are still virgin and renewing in every time because it is the wide base for Islamic doctrine that is valid for each time and place. And since these meanings hidden in its Arabic inimitable words, scientist have different ways in showing meanings from there words. There have been studies of its Arabic words to make it easy for researcher in religion and interpreter og Quran and the gorernor and anyone seeking knowledge to know its meanings. It results from these studies what is called "phasesand counterparts" in Holly Quran that uneovers the many and renewing meaning that can one word refers to themand also the one meaning that can be refered to by many words. When the Muslims get away from Holly Quran it became hards to understand its sciences as they were unable to understand its meanings. Then the science of "phases and counterparts in Holly Quran has become away from their ideas and minds. That is why , the researcher tries to contribute with other researchers in this respect to make this science as clear as possible to their minds , hopefully to make it a guide to the people asking good his help.

Keywords


Article
SENSE JUDGMENT IN HOLLY KORAN MEANING FOR ALFARAA: DISPLAY AND ANALYSIS AND
الأحكام الذوقية عند الفراء - عرض وتحليل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Alfaraa is considered key of the Kofi school of reality, and he is owner of the famous book composed in Koran meaning, the fame did not came from its immense and its comprehension for most of Holly Koran verses only, but for the depth accuracy of analysis it and accuracy and its subjective also. Alfaraa was alone and every thing; for his opinions, and the way of displaying and even its expressions and its idioms in which contributed but ales. Among these special expressions, what we are called by (sense judgement) which considered by Dr.Ahmed maki Alansari from its expression characteristics which mentioned in a lot of his compiles. And others refer to them that:’’ fair judgment known by Alfaraa”,and we mean his saying ( Ahab Aliay) and( Ajaba Aliay), and( Laashtaheha) and others. And theses expression mentioned in about fifty subjects, and most of these subjects Alfaa did not find sense .judgments in indifferent way, but he depended on a clear explicit justifications, and in few cases, he depended on hidden justifications, but the reader could deducted them easily

Keywords


Article
Conclusion Imagination in the Andalusian Romantic Poetry from the conquest to the end of the 4th century of Migration
الخيال في شعر الغزل الأندلسي من الفتح حتى نهاية القرن الرابع الهجري

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Imagination had a vital role in writing Andalusian poetry at the time, eapecially in the depicting the beloved, addressing her, and expressing the poets longing for her, These poets tmagination was innovative and creative, they used the interpretive which incur prorated while they depicted for us the Abdalusuan poets feelings and emotions, presenting an elegant art that expressed their psychology, moods and fertile imagination. This was what we found in the poems, excerpts and prologues of the most prominent Andalusian romantic poets like, Bin Abd Raboh, Yahya bin Al-Hakam Al-Ghazal Momin bin Saeed and Abdullah bin Mahmood Al-Hakam. This imagination played a major role in the writing of Andalusian romantic poetry at that time and it was the filed that this poetry chose to depict, address, and long for the beloved after meeting became impossinle.

Keywords


Article
مفهوم الضرورة الشعرية عند ابن مالك ( ت672هـ )

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The son of the owner of those who were interested in poetry, not necessarily placed in special care; as he was himself the owner of doctrine contrary to the public by the grammarians, a necessity that is what happened in the hair, which the poet is not it inevitable. Ie, it means having a sense of linguistic Alagae thing to ensure that this research has three sections: The first of which dealt with the concept of the public when necessary, and when I'm the owner. The research evidence directed by the second son of the owner how much the door if necessary. The third section Vttriq scientists to critique of the doctrine of Ibn Malik then seal research conclusion and confirm sources and references.

Keywords


Article
الموت في شعر ابن خفاجة الأندلسي (تـ533هـ)

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study is a crucial turn in the poetry of Ibn khafaja who was famous for describing nature. We digged between the lines for the true essence of his poetry for from nature description. So we chose to study the subject of terrible death which ,we believe is in the conscience of every Andulsyian poet. such a choice of subject is done on the desire for creativity and novelity .we presupposes, on the other hand ,that the poet had more than poetic .purposes .Death is not a basic idiom in his poetry but remains an obsession for him .So this papar seeks to shed new lights on the poetry of Ibn khafaja to high light its textual significance.

Keywords


Article
أثر الهمز في اللهجات العربية في كتب غريب الحديث الشريف - دراسة تحليلية - بحث مستل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In the cowrse of my trauing to the pgenomeron of meauing founed Arabic diahete in the books of Ambiguaus prophetic tradition its is found that : 1 the methad adapted in the bonguate two books of Ambiguows prophetice traaduition in taekling the dialect meauing is not a single one . som of the auahars of these books refer to the term explicithy , Qther mention some expression which refer to the dualeet sueh as (language two languages , some , and the reopk of). 2- the difference in the meaning of a certain ward can be attributed to the existing social matters, traditions canvertians situations or in the names of tools , food and clathes. This makes the tribc differ from other from other tribes . 3-- During what are coming of Arabic specch in poetics evidence , for this we can not can firm that this word have talked by this tribe , and word belong some tribe because there wasn't a field study in that time. 4- It can not separating the old language . from the Arabion speech , and also can not separating the locd proaonciation today from old Arabic speeches and every one complete each ather because the language is a live being , that the people of generation from All generation were a reason of developing of aneed to another generation than also the long uage linke of each other . 5- ti is also found that the prophet Muhammad ( Reaue be upon him ) and fanily of the prophet ( peace be upon them ) have been aequaiuteed with Arabic dialects and tribes. This is an evidence that luiguist study is not timited to the Arab linguists that the pwhammadlian school is one of the pioneer lunguisthe schoobs by which other sclence sclence are firmy estabsed

Keywords


Article
Deliberation and speech verbs on Imam Sadic,s
التداولية وأفعال الخطاب عند الإمام الصادق () - بحث مستل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This new tropism try for overlooking (semantically level) meaning of literalism category to surrounding the building of speech and acquaintance with all its facts in the capacity of that the speech is a linguistic letter that the speaker functioning it for the purpose of continuity with others approaching of this artistic speeches an deliberative boundary approaching imposes on us to overlooking the sight to speech text to delay as soon as meaning and linguistic contents to upon that . It is a linguistic activity in it immam Sadic,s try to express the purpose and destinations aim to develop the artificial personality in pronunciations and phrases , and effecting in the receptors in any way in the capacity that the language not only a mean for social continuity , but also It is a tool for changing the facts and effecting in the people and making its events.

Keywords


Article
Purposes of poetry in the poetry of the people of the house Peace be upon them
بناء القصيدة في شعر أهل البيت عليهم السلام

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Praise be to Allah and peace be upon the Prophet Muhammad and the Secretary-The God of the good and virtuous infallible . Construction He Study of the relationships between the elements of the poem of its constituent, Kaltejrebh poetry, music, fiction and poetry and the unit's theme, which he refers to the relational construction based on the relationships between these elements . He felt the people of the house Peace be upon them Included three types of : Completed the poem containing the ( Insider , Provided, disposed , The purpose , Conclusion ). And Poem that fell from the direct ( Provided ) And embarked on purpose . And Structure broken , As the result of real-time emotion . The pattern was the second and third more than the first type; and the reason for the advent of Type II and Type III to this large amount ; Back to the hair that was more spur of the moment, meaning the delivery of hum idea in a clearer, faster, It may be the cause of religious faith A In Disappearance Some Introductions of Their hair Peace be upon them ; It contains the introductions, including Of Rejuvenation and Nassib and invaded S and so does not fit And their principles and beliefs Peace be upon them . Vchaaram Peace be upon them Characterized by That Counting A M. Feature artistic tradition that was an example for the old structure known Blohath In this research, the researcher studied Parts Poem , As separate units , To demonstrate the artistic impact in building public , Otherwise Valgosaidp indivisible , As they build an integrated neighborhood form a unity of substance, intellectual, and psychological one . This is the subject of research, which Halphena conciliation; Fbon of Allah Almighty, and only suffices I tried giving the maximum energies . Researcher

Keywords


Article
Curriculum amounts in cash Arabic zakaria ozon model
المنهج المغالي في نقد العربية - زكريا أوزون أنموذجاً

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Consists of this research from the front of the boot and two sections addressed the submitted statement of the importance of Arabic language and the objective of the research, and the boot: it dealt with the difficulty of Arabic grammar over the ages of authorship, and address the first research: a review of the most important calls for facilitation in the modern era and address the second topic: questions of elected by the views of Zechariah Ozone, then the conclusion: that offered the most important findings of the research first and foremost: that this book over the fight Find the Arabic language and must warn him.

Keywords


Article
Surat Allail - Analytical Study
سورة الليل دراسة تحليلية

Authors: م.م. يسرى ناصر غازي
Pages: 281-300
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study deals with one surra ''version'' of the Glorious Quran. It comprehensively analyzes the surra in terms of language trends and levels. After giving a short introduction and conclusion in which the researcher has shown the results, The study has been divided into five sections: Section One: is an introduction of the surra, definition and general meaning, and the reasons behind its revelation. Section Two: it deals with the different readings of the surra. Section Three: is devoted to deal with morphology. Section Four: it focuses on the syntactic relations. Section Five: is a study on rhetoric and semantic relations. The methology adopted in this study is the classificatory method. So, the paper has dealt with subjects in terms of their class relation to the surra. The study has arrived at some findings which can be sought through reading the paper. These findings will be of significance to researchers and scholars interested in this field.

Keywords


Article
القافية في الاصطلاح عند الخليل وغيره

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The science which has verity meaning and make the scientists in different conceptions , is considered as Science worth to be study , the determination of " AL KHALIL God bless him " has good remaining to definition the term (( line of poem)) , that this determination was the key word for each one , who wants to write about the line of poem for his students or who came after him . In the determination the researchers had attitude between agree with him and refuse his idea . , some of the make it few letters in and of the line of poem some of the explain it as independent word , that the poet closed the line of poem . the thesis and researches which issued after the life of "AL KHALIL God bless him "hundred years later after his life as AL AKHFASH who considered as word and who follow him later and some of them see it as music as section of music.

Keywords


Article
الأَفعال الواويَّة – اليائيَّة - بحث مستل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

I noticed in the study that the الواوية and اليائية Verbs for Dr. Hashim is that he was the first scholar in linguistic who has devoted a whole lexicon for these types of verbs. He depended in his comprehension on the material for the prosaic lexicons in particular, He judges a verbs as or واوي orيائي depending on the examples or on the statements of the lexicons . I notices that is of the two verbs in the الواوية -اليائية forms in most cases. It is a result of the intersection with the publication of lexicons by other authors. This happened in some tribes.

Keywords


Article
Study on the modalities of teaching civility and moral education and their impact in the lives of the Muslim individual and the challenges of the contemporary reality)
دراسة في طرائق تدريس التهذيب والتربية الخُلقية وأثرهما في حياة الفرد المسلم وتحديات الواقع المعاصر

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Education in the perspective of Islam is a way of life and the entire system works to form distinct personalities by providing them with ideas and concepts from a statement, Islamic concept of the meaning (You are the best nation out of people, evolved the good and forbid evil and believe in God) Thus clear goal of this education is the Acquistion young people and individuals in general and systems Islamic moral emanating from the educational curriculum Islamic year because content Islamic education curriculum linked the theory Balattbaiq and say work Antlava that the Islamic religion Evrq between ideals and reality, because like him positioned so that you can apply in life. He says (God does not cost soul beyond its scope) He says (interpretation of the meaning). From here it was for Islamic education major impact in raising emerging and prepare a good citizen increase on the composition of beliefs faith to him and learn his duties towards his Lord and others around him and himself are Besides the foundation in the formation of standards of conduct individual occasion and instilling moral values noble ideals in himself and Jaddana classy and strong will heading towards goodness help him refine himself.

Keywords


Article
Famous issues in the science of inheritance
المسائل الشهيرة في علم المواريث

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Through my humble in this research, I came to the following conclusions: 1- be aware of the statutes of the greatest science degree,, suffice pride and honor to God Almighty is the one who ensures cum, where the imposition of inheritance and severe detailed wisdom divided between her parents vast mercy. 2- then took the Sunnah explain the provisions of inheritance Bmtdhafr the news and famous monuments. 3- received this science is like high the prophet, God bless them and followed them from even promise some scholars note itself, Papa is no longer like the other doors jurisprudence. 4- spend prophet, God bless them these matters other than what is familiar rules of inheritance, and not inconsistent with the text is only evidence of the flexibility of Islamic law and its capacity and comprehensiveness of timeless. 5- to give the mother the remaining third to spend Umar, may Allah be pleased with him but it is a work of the text of the Koran as shown 6- did not reproduced in the book nor in the year in the amount of inheritance seriously with our brothers, but it proved a hard rule may Allah be pleased with them, and so many of them stop in his fear of deciding on the rule of inheritance 7- issue Alokdria the troubled Zaid, may Allah be pleased with him doctrine of three ways: A- dependency because Grandpa nor relied him in matters seriously B- imposition of a sister, and does not impose him to the sisters with Grandpa C- collect arrows hypothesis for grandfather, sister and her department on innervating do not match so 8- socialization brothers with brothers mother in the matter because they have a common womb of the mother and not fall Tasibam requires the fall of mercy and if not Yazdhm father force did not Yazdhm weakening, and the worst case be presence Kaadmh the liquid also said: Grant that their father was a donkey 9- Collect prophet, God bless them to say in the reliability of when quotas contention and thus deprives violation of this consensus and the last prayer is that all praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds

Keywords


Article
Through research marked examine the causes of the spread of emo and its impact in the Muslim
دراسة أسباب انتشار مشكلة الايمو وأثرها في المجتمع الإسلامي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Islam is against this phenomenon refer to by the holy prophet (peace be upon him) in the signs of the end of the time and then review the research are emo the most important things the emo manifestation of imitation and mimicry in the community and the wisdom of forbidding imitation and mimicry phenomenon of emo and this deviation be the result of depriving the young men and women of the light of faith and guidance and for the family a big impact in not lost their youth and attention first focused on the family because they are made of human social and because it is the window that overlooks them on society family is fortified president to satisfy the needs of psychological and social including the suffering of young people from the vacuum and said to self if not operated right busy with false hood and this phenomenon does not represent a young Muslim but these practices are intended to smear young Muslim tradition and imitation we refer to the Islamic law to prevent the emergence of this phenomenon which does not correspond with our moral and behavioral and ask god almighty to guide and goodness to us and them and the Muslims companions

Keywords


Article
Semantic Research and Juristical Deduction
البحث الدلالي والاستنباط الفقهي - بحث مستل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The aim of this research is to demonstrate,the relationship between semantic research and Juristical Deduction, and the research that the process of elicitation Jurisprudence practiced by the jurist based on a foundation of knowledge assets of jurist prudence which is one of most important element of the process of deduction, and that the rules of fundamentalism on the two main sections, one of them: associated bail text legitimate, and the other in terms of text associated legitimate, and that the semantic search in examining the second section of the rules. As long as the legitimacy adjudgments tends to be drawn from the texts of legitimacy apparent to their meaning, this is giving the importance of research in semantic inference jurisprudence, since most of the legitimacy adjudgments in that case the object of judgment and inference jurisprudence.

Keywords


Article
الدبلوماسية الالمانية وأساليبها في تحطيم التحالفات الأوربية:الأسس والنتائج 1933 – 1939

Authors: م.د.خليل حمود عثمان
Pages: 407-428
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In avery complix international situations recognized each of Britain, France in Oct. 1939, that Germany will drive Urop to avery great war, So the two states hurried to mark communication with the Soviet Union to from an international alliance to front the ambition of Nazism Germany, but those Communications failed because different factors. The Pact of that was, that the ill effort of Urope which made by Britain, France and Soviet Union, linked mainly with all which concerned of Germany’s ambitions and Policy on both levels the internal and external since receiving Hitler the administration in January, 1933, and the fail which inflected the European diplomacy to Control that policy, which thought between the years 1933, 1939. it could change the Germany of Hitler to aspear against Socialism represented by Soviet Union and the revolutionary more ments which its danger Continued its threat in a sensitire places of the world, even the European Continental itself. The matters which Stalin took in mind in the talks of August 1939 which faild.

Keywords


Article
Development of Democraticidea In the Recent History of Franc
تطور الفكر الديمقراطي في تاريخ فرنسا الحديث

Authors: م.د. حسن زغير حزيم
Pages: 429-452
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Democracy is Aphilospttic and Soctal Fath and Aruling Life system Followed Bythe People and it Means Rmling that system Religious Reform movment . The Rights of Deniocracy Appeared in the Time of the French Revolmtion in1789 and Started to Advance Step By Step But it Qmicly Disappeared in the Time of The Empror Napleon the First and The Third Mntil 1871 . The Research is Divided to Three Parts The First Dealt With the Evolution of the Ideea of Democracy in Franc the Beginning of the Recent Centmry . The Second Part Dealt with the Opinions of the Philosophers the Third Part Dealt With Denelopment of Democracy in Franc After the year 1799 .

Keywords


Article
The espial in the American Civil War(1861-1865)
التجسس في الحرب الأهلية الأمريكية (1861-1865)

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper deals with a very important topic as one of the important factors that contributed to the victory of the north to the south in the U.S. war civil (1861-1865) and talk here about espionage in the war by both sides, for giving a clear image divided the search to several topics, such as the beginnings of the first to form a system espionage in the north and south, and then we dealt with the most important techniques adopted by the both parties to carry out espionage, such as balloons and telegraph and the media, lamps, messages, code, and we dealt with the most important spies on both fronts, north and south, whether of men or women, as we were of the concept of Black dispatch or blacks spies. The research found a number of conclusions perhaps the most important that the speed of the formation of a spy on both fronts contributed one way or another, in the weakness of that system and its inability to achieve its assignments full, Add to that the lack of experience south , of the hand and its potential lack the other hand, shares of the other weakness the work of this device in the south. In contrast with the North had a good experience in this field, and great potential, but he also failed to detect many of the plans and operations intelligence that the South was carried out, add to this that the lack of unified leadership and the centrality of this device contributed to the lack of activities at times many, perhaps even some leaders sought to weaken it unwittingly by taking some wrong decisions such as the abolition Panel balloons.


Article
موقف الطلبة المصريين من حريق القاهرة عام1952 - بحث مستل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

On the day of 26 January 1952, Cairo went of fire. That was the beginning of a complete deterioration in Egypt and the end of armed struggle. Therefore, the authority tried to control everything and to regain fist of events. Cairo fire was not only the end of a popular uprising that took place for the first time in the modern history that used the armed insurgence at the beginning of subsequent developments which changed completely the future of Egypt. It was the beginning of a revolution of 23 September 1952. The question here: were the students responsible for Cairo Fire? If not so, then what was their attitude towards the fire? It seems that the determination of this responsibility is difficult but not impossible. After discussing the total aspects and shedding light on the suspicions we managed to arrive at the conclusion. We can say that all the evidences and proofs accuse G. Britain and the United States and King Faruq completely for setting on the fire in the first place. They are the first to benefit from this to end the sacrificing movement in the Suez Canal region. In addition to the above, the British wanted to revenge Al-Wafd cabinet that abrogated the Agreement 1936 and Sudan 1899 Agreements. Students are free of guilt. They had no role but peaceful demonstrations which set the beginning of fire the fire which seized the plot of the British intelligence and the King.

Keywords


Article
The Local Industries and Their Development in the City of Toledo 92-478 A.H.
الصناعات المحلية وتطورها في مدينة طليطلة 92 / 478 هـ

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This thesis dealt with the economical in tolido 92 – 478 A.H the thesis consists of introduction and preface, the most prominent juristic sects, feasts, occasions in which the tolido celebrate in addition to foods meals made there and cloths of the people and bathrooms related to tidy and purification. I mentioned industry in the town and the most prominent nutrition industry such as bread and chemical and metal industry specially weapons, such as swords in tolido of broad reputation in Anduls and the world and about the metal in it such as silver, copper, lead and others and nonmetal such as marble and zanjfar.

Keywords


Article
Role of heritage in the province of Maysan cultural heritage in the way out, too
الدور التراثية في محافظة ميسان - تراث حضاري في طريقه الى الزوال

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Today, we are dealing in this study (models of the role of traditional pillar in the city of Maysan), which date back to the ownership of the various segments of society, , Has been dealt with in the first section in a simple city name and location, through the writings of historians, researchers and Orientalists. We dealt with in the second section to the traditional role models of excellence in the province of Maysan, and we talked about the design of architectural and decorative elements, and we have strengthened Find images documenting this heritage buildings and reflect the artistic and aesthetic value, and then we conducted a questionnaire to various segments of society in the erased Maysan, on the importance of the traditional role in the life of the citizen, and finally pointed to some of the recommendations on the subject of research (traditional role) in the province of Maysan.

Keywords


Article
استجابة طلبة الإعلام إلى مناهج العلاقات العامة دراسة ميدانية إحصائية لتذبذب كفاية استيعاب طلبة الإعلام لمادة (نظم الاتصال) بالعلاقات العامة في الامتحانات الفصلية والنهائية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study deals with the response of the students media platforms for public relations with regard to communication systems and this study is divided into four chapters, including Chapter IV, which dealt with the issue of conclusions and recommendations. The first chapter focused on the methodological framework in terms of the importance of the study and its goal, including opportunity of study and its tool. The second chapter has dealt with previous studies in this area based on a set of field studies in this regard either third chapter has dealt with the analysis of a sample of the response of students entering into descriptive statistics, which was adopted on the axis and axis demographic study and study the impact of various factors on the level of student performance examinations in terms of variables related to communication systems and variables related to the situation of students inside and outside the university. The study found that the average monthly income is influencing factor significantly in the overall demographic axis in terms of naturalization New Age, marital status, average monthly spending any that it affects student performance examinations. As the busy student different life situations such as work first reasons why substance communication systems are hard to understand, as well as the entry to the university student raises has for the first time the possibility of formation of relations with the opposite sex. And the study concluded in order to solve the problem in this area need to the attention of the government institution concerned with higher education by providing a monthly horse appoint tide student and help him not to resort to work in order to live at the expense of the study. And also the things that help to solve these obstacles is holding seminars, conferences and seminars, which means studying the scientific level of the students and how to improve it in the future and the need for teachers of public relations by using modern communication technologies and integrate them into education public relations and dependence on practical training programs and applied to achieve a higher level of skills in the use of those techniques. Which stimulates student modern dangling taught.

Keywords


Article
Time and Motion Study for the process Loan: Library Management Institute / a model
دراسة الوقت والحركة لعملية الإعارة : مكتبة معهد الإدارة / الرصافة أنموذجا

Authors: م.م.أمل علي محسن
Pages: 553-546
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The research aims to study the time and movement in the loan process and the effect of using computerized methods in the loan process, and introduce the concept and importance of time management in the library of the Institute of Directors / Rusafa. Research methodology was adopted field survey method through the use of Alastpantin: first for library staff, who are (6) and contain (12) questions. The resolution second Palmstaaran has included (11) were distributed question (350) form questionnaire on a sample search, as well as observation and adopted a case study approach loan and the time it takes for this process in the library of the Institute of Directors / Rusafa The most important results: 1- proven health research hypotheses 2-Confirmation of borrowers on their preference for the Computerization of the loan process, where the percentage answer (100%). 3-The movement to install the maturity date and write the name of the borrower in the cards by the employee loan takes the highest time of the time of the loan, which accounted for (21%). 4-the arithmetic mean of the integrated loan process and one-time (75 t 17) minutes per employee, and the number of loan per day that can be performed by one staff member is (27) times. : One of the most important recommendations 1-It is preferable to adopt Winisis system to computerize the loan process because it is part of the computing procedures of the library as a whole 2-the need to involve employees in the library of the Institute of Directors / Rusafa cycles belonging to introduce the concept and importance of time management


Article
Study and Analysis the Techniques of Electronic- Learning
دراسـة وتحلـيل تقـانات التعـليم الألكتروني

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study aimed to reconstructing the technology approach with respect to psychology families. Defining the needs of utilizing and determine the supported bases of the e-learning techniques based on modern technology. This study implements the descriptive and analytic research. This paper has been displayed how can done the e-learning and how can be reached. The most important and modern information techniques have been displayed, which would be used in the future to create the e-learning. Finally, there are set of the recommendations for utilizing e-learning systems in colleges.


Article
(Noam Chomsk) Between philosophy and politics
نوم جومسكي (Noam Chomsky) بين الفلسفة والسياسة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The bedrooms Jomski of media thought in the modern era, one of the philosophers and psychologists prominent at the end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the century atheist century, impressed by the philosophy of rationality that prevailed the seventeenth century and was considered in this period and one of between A world made civilization of the twentieth century interest باللسانيات, psychology and philosophy language of reason and politics, the owner of the theory as generative, and has several books mission including: structures grammatical knowledge of language, and architecture of language, human humanitarian and U.S. foreign policy, international terrorism, deter democracy, what he wants Uncle Sam, influenced by the philosophy of mental particularly philosopher French Descartes and clear in the lecture first showing us trying to evaluate the posts earlier in the study of the relationship of mind naturally language so we find philosophy analytical evident through his travels progressive in the world of Western thought of modern and contemporary either political side has and won on the philosophical side, psychological and famous in and became known in the circles global politician seasoned of first class where characterized political writings are simple and easy and smooth as well as character journalist distinctive intelligence for its ability to tone and cynical from the same time toward Gonat successive U.S. which Asrha since World War II until now - and although he thinker and philosopher U.S. but he rejects all سياسياتها Foreign Affairs, and abhors everything you do distorts the facts in history, with this van Jomski Jew nor deny Judaism who, like Jews all over the world - a Zionist not disown of Zionath and this is evident already in the public praise of what he calls (Jewel of the Zionist idea

Keywords


Article
طرق الاعتداء على المال العام والوقاية منها وصلاحيات ولي الأمر فيها (دراسة فقهية) - بحث مستل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

1- In allover the world States, when the public money is owned, at the same time there are forbidden ways and styles by which this money is abused directly or indirectly like thieving the public money, traiting the pledges, robbery … etc. 2- There are punishments on the one who is abusing this money including what comes in text and what comes by the suggestion of the owners and the positional laws. 3- There should be ways to protect this money from these abuses through controlling it by several methods like the control over the institutions, ministries, individuals and officials. 4- The owner has the authorities and rights to maintain and protect the public money and guide the control committees and the officials to protect it. 5- Achieving the control over the public money fulfills the justice and equality in the Islamic society, maintains and preserve the public money which is an easy way because it is between the created and the Creator the Supreme Being.

Keywords


Article
Following readings in the metaphor of the Koran to Abu Obeida
اثر القراءات القرانية في مجاز القرآن لابي عبيدة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Praise be to God, prayer and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah and after: The history of this nation full of very large number of scientists wrote in all the sciences and remained their books beacon guiding their science students in every time and place, and perhaps one of the oldest scientists who wrote in the science of language and interpretation and meaning of the Koran Abu Obaida aware of media this nation wrote in Science various Perhaps his book metaphor of the Koran, the oldest books in the meanings of the Koran and the interpretation adopted by the leading scientists of the applicants and latecomers to this day and the importance of this book and not his study of some aspects of here began my interest in this book to study what the readings of verses and the effect these readings on the meaning. Was this search at the front and two sections dealt with in the First research the life of Abu Ubaida birth and upbringing and his travels and the elderly, and his disciples, and its impact those who came after The second section was in effect readings him where it addressed the seven readings and ten readings and four ten readings anomalous and weighting between readings. Then sealed search of the most important findings. And returned in all particulars of this research to the sources and references from books and language interpretation and written translations and readings and other sources. After this offer rapid after readings in the metaphor of the Quran for Abu Obeida we went out with some results: 1 - hired Abu Obeida in understanding the Qur'anic text Koranic readings. 2 - Male all kinds of readings seven and ten and four and ten anomalous readings. 3 - he did not say Abu Ubaida readers only as Abu Amr Ibn Ala, because like a sheikh and belongs to the same school to which he belongs grammatical Abu Amr. 4 - did not judge the reading in terms of health and the lack thereof. 5 - Try shootout between readings but very few demonstrated the validity of some readings and their judgment. 6 - did not indicate the type of reading and perhaps because of that Abu Obeida was ahead and Matt said that clearer readings and Atksamadtha

Keywords


Article
Some Fiqh Opinions of Imam Alzamakhshary in Self Affairs Through His Book Alkashaf
بعض الآراء الفقهية للإمام الزمخشري في الأحوال الشخصية من خلال كتابه الكشاف

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In the beginning of the paper is a summary of the biography of this Imam, his life ,his tribe, his sons, and his asking for knowledge and I studied some of his Fiqh judgments in self affairs like divorce, oath, and the man intercourse with his neglected wife without giving atonement. Thus the paper become a comparative Fiqh I mentioned the Scholars opinions and their evidences and discussions and I have mentioned the predominant.

Keywords


Article
تقويم محتوى كتب التأريخ للمرحــلة الإعدادية - بحث مستل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The research aims at evaluating the content of history books for the preparatory phase, a book History of Arab Islamic civilization for fourth grade literary edition Thirty-first, who teaches in the Republic of Iraq for the academic year (2011 2012), The Book of European history and contemporary of the fifth grade literary fourth edition, who teaches in the Republic of Iraq for the academic year ( 2011 2012), a book of modern and contemporary history of the sixth edition of literary and Twenty-eighth, who teaches in the Republic of Iraq for the academic year (2011 2012) and that from the viewpoint of teachers and supervisors of jurisdiction. Includes the research community to the community of teachers of history, which is (3115) teacher and school and community supervisors, who numbered (23) and thus the sample becomes subject to the evaluation (300) teacher and school, and the supervisors was the sample under evaluation is to take their number all (23, because the numbers were small. the researcher used the questionnaire method because it enables the researcher to achieve the goals of the research. has been rated derived from the standard resolution of the content of these books, have been evaluating these criteria and used a researcher rating after getting the sincerity and that by submitting it to a group of experts and specialists. The researcher selected a sample of teachers randomly multiple stages according to the following steps: 1- Researcher chose four directorates of the Directorate of Education (Directorate of Education in Karkh, the first, and the Directorate of Education Karkh III) on the side of Karkh, and (Directorate of Education Rusafa first, and the Directorate of Education Rusafa second) on the Rusafa side of Baghdad province. 2 - the researcher chose (80) distributed as a middle school (20) junior high schools each Directorate of Education. 3- the researcher chose randomly (300) and a school teacher of the schools that have been identified in the previous step and this number is (10%), almost the total number of teachers in the city of Baghdad. As for the sample of supervisors as the number of supervisors competence of history is a limited number (23) supervisors, the researcher felt that this number includes all part of their consideration. As for the means of statistical researcher has used the statistical means of the following: 1- Pearson's correlation coefficient to calculate the value of the stability of resolution. The weighted average 2: to estimate the value of each paragraph of the tool and arrange for the other paragraphs. 3 -weight percentile: to illustrate each paragraph of the resolution, and the degree of knowledge and arrange for the other paragraphs. 4- Percentage: proposals to arrange the teachers and supervisors descending order according to value ratio. In light of the findings of the researcher in evaluating the content of history books for the preparatory phase the one hand, answers the research sample (teachers) were there (23) paragraph the center is likely less than the middle (1), and this represents the proportion (30.26%) of the total number of paragraphs, and this result can indicate to achieve a good percentage of the criteria that were adopted in the current research, and it can be said that the evaluation content history books for the preparatory phase from the viewpoint of teachers was good, and the researcher interpreting the results of the standards of the first five earned, as it happened Standard No. (30) (correlation content of history sources and references and periodicals) in the order I have received the highest center weighted, reaching a value (1.866) the weight percentage of (93.3%), and received number (61) and includes (balanced among other things, of relations and links of time between events and trends and historical movements) in the order in the second central casting of (1862) and the weight percentage of (93.1%), while the Standard No. (26) (interested in topics content of history social problems in Iraq), respectively the third and central weighted of (1.861) and weight percentage of (93.05%), and received the standard number (14) (interest in the content of history students to the concepts, attitudes and values and customs) in the order in the fourth central casting of (1852) and the weight percentage of (92.6%), The Standard No. (50) (includes an article on the history images and graphics that show is guaranteed) in the order of the fifth central casting (1847) and the weight percentage of (92.35%). The researcher interpretation of the results the last five with the criteria that received lower center weighted was as follows, received the standard (45) (includes the content of history illustrative examples) Sort Seventy-sixth less the center of a casting which is (0426), the weight percentage of (21.3%) , The standard and number (72) (the appropriateness of the size of the content of history for the time period allocated to them) in the order in the seventy-fifth of central casting (0516) and the weight percentage of (25.8%), and then received the standard number (42) (balance between the requirements of aspects of growth various student cognitive - affective ), respectively Seventy-fourth central casting (0519) and the weight percentage of (25.95%), and then received the standard number (69) (focusing on some of the concepts of historical abstract, such as: democracy, dependency, development , Globalization .. etc), respectively, Seventy-third of central casting of (0586) and the weight percentage of (29.3%), either with regard to Standard No. (59) (taking into account variables cultural developments such as the scientific revolution and technology, and the explosion of knowledge) was obtained Seventy-second order

Keywords


Article
الضغوط التي يتعرض لها الباحثون الاجتماعيون وعلاقتها بالرضا عن العمل

Authors: م. م. رنا رفعت شوكت
Pages: 693-718
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The psychological pressure of common mental phenomena in our daily lives, and one of the main concepts for understanding and interpreting the behavior Man feels fun and pleasure while up to satisfy his needs and feel upset or stress if prevented from satisfying those needs, and when we talk about the psychological pressure we are talking about a problem accompanied rights since its existence on earth The present-day age of stress, and for several reasons, the most important of the intense competition for resources identified, and the emergence of the economic and social crises and wars and political human and natural disasters and are a feature of the modern era The influences of the psychological pressure to include various aspects of the Group, and physical and mental health as well as organizational productivity and performance, which reflects negatively on the entire community, here came the importance of attention to finding appropriate solutions to deal with the psychological pressure to reduce them or kept within the normal level In light of the data formulated objectives to discuss the current 1- measuring stress the social workers working in prisons (first Rusafa prison( 2- measure of job satisfaction among social researchers working in prisons (Rusafa prison First( 3- find the relationship between stress and job satisfaction with social researchers working in prisons (Rusafa prison First( To achieve the objectives of the research researcher prepared the first two metrics to measure stress and the second to measure job satisfaction, and consisted of (21) paragraph selected sample of your search as simple random After collecting data were processed using appropriate statistical methods to reach to discuss the following results 1- The sample has a psychological pressure. 2- The sample has a satisfaction from work.

Keywords


Article
justice to future university students
العدالة المستقبلية من وجهة نظر طلبة الجامعة

Authors: م.م أنور جبار علي
Pages: 719-738
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The present study aimed to; measure of justice to future university students.-1 2-Identify the differences in the nature of justice, the future depending on the variable of gender. Has been determined by current research students of Mustansiriya University, studies the morning, for the academic year 2010-2011, Has adopted a researcher in the study defended the justice perspective. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher built Find a scale of justice which are the future of (26) items, may provide several types in the scale of honesty is the logical and structural honesty. The consistency of the scale were extracted in a manner bringing the retail midterm reliability coefficient (0.79), and consistency alpha was calculated equation (0.76). The findings of the current research are; 1- Of the sample showed a positive belief and a sense of a high level of justice achieved in the future. 2- There is no significant difference between the sexes in moral belief in justice for the future. In light of these findings the researcher presented a set of recommendations and proposals

Keywords

Table of content: volume: issue: