Table of content

Journal of International studies

مجلة دراسات دولية / تصدر عن مركز الدراسات الأستراتيجية والدولية

ISSN: 19929250
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: center for strategic and international studies
Language: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

About

Journal of international studies is a specialized quarterly, and acknowledged Journal published by center for international studies which is concerned by the international and strategic affairs , as it published researches about international and strategic relationship for Asia,Africa,Europe and America .
The Journal publishes the researches that depend on the scientific techniques in writing documentation ,objectivity and accuracy according to the followed scientific and academic rules.
Its also published the reviews of books and thesis as it covers the scientific seminars and conference

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Contact info

جمهورية العراق- بغداد- الجادرية - مركز الدراسات الأستراتيجية والدولية - جامعـة بغداد
p.o.B 47018

jour.cis@cis.uobaghdad.edu.iq
j.inters@cis.uobaghdad.edu.iq
0096417784204

Table of content: 2012 volume: issue:54

Article
the Principle of Accepting the Other and Its role in the Synthesis of Suitable Islamic Democracy A Study in International Law of Human Rights
مبدأ قبول الاخر بين القانون والشريعة دراسة في القانون الدولي لحقوق الانسان

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Abstract

Humanity has suffered, as a result of bigotry and intolerance, the terrible scourge that caused the death of millions of innocent people. This is because; wars horrors and tragedies of human beings were the result of these contradictions between human groups, or individuals of the same society. The overall tolerance in international Law is the acceptance of difference and diversity. This is what is sought by Islam.However Islamlooks to the differences and diversity from a perspective other than that ofInternational law. If the world is experiencing at the present time the so-called gift, of democracy, whosehigh wind headed to the Arab world, which anchored on the southern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, for the application of democracy according to the Western model, which requires us to know if Islam, is component to apply the principle of tolerance and acceptance of others, which is a cornerstone for democracy. It is known that democracy is associated with the culture of accepting the other directly and substantially. It could be argued: that there is no democracy without a culture of acceptance of others. That is why the countries that aim to apply democracy built a generation to accept the other, and the educational, cultural, and media program, and then apply democracy, and then democracy would be a disaster for the people and the state. The a culture of tolerance is based on existence of human relations in International law, without committing crime by the other, Islamic Law has made the need for tolerance, even in case of committing a crime against others, and this makes the human relations between the disputants closer and harmony, strength, and strengthens relations among people, and love is grown and is removed rancor. It makes those who are tolerated more respectable and they appreciated those tolerant with them.


Article
The consequences of 11th of September events on gulf cooperation council: rebuilding balances in the region
تداعيات أحداث الحادي عشر من أيلول 2001 على دول مجلس التعاون الخليجي إعادة بناء التوازنات في المنطقة)

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Abstract

What happened in the 11th of September 2001 and it'sdestruction for the symbols of American poweris considered a historical turning point. It raised a lot of questions and led to several changes in many regions of the world, and the Gulf region was one of the most affected regionsby the consequences of these events. The seriousness of what happened was increased with the U.S. occupation of Iraq which is very influential in the balance of the region. Now, The Arab Gulf region goes through a period of legitimate concern, seeking new frameworks to ensure its security and stability. After the Arab region has witnessed those public movements and large-scale changes during the last two years, which led to change the Arab regimes that seemed to be stable in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, the Gulf region states were not immune to change. The Arab Gulf states depended in the past three decades on strategic balances in which the United States of America played the leading role, while other countries, such as Britain and France, have contributed though less influentially. These strategies started with raising the American flag on Kuwaiti ships during the Iranian-Iraqi war in the eighties of the last century, through war of Kuwait in 1991, tillthe occupation of Iraq in 2003. Therefore some Arab gulf states find themselves in front of new challenges and obligations to change their strategies.


Article
The Problem of governance in Ivory Coast
مشكلة الحكم في ساحل العاج

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Abstract

The Ivory Coast represented a model of stability in West Africa from 1960 till 1993. It enjoyed a political and economic prosperity and social cohesion during that era. And because the post-independence stage especially since its early years led to that cohesion, therefore that stage represented unity around the leadership represented by " Fleix Houphouet Boigny ", in addition to the legitimacy which he enjoyed and acquired because of that independence. This legitimacy also established other important elements that led to economic prosperity, social cohesion, and the lack of social dislocation at the State level, perhaps because of the one-party policy that is the "Democratic party," and the power of the executive authority. This fact, however, changed with the death of the, "Boigny", as well as other reasons, caused by the change in the international political system. This research addresses ivory Identity, and how the identity was from 1993 until the election of President Al- Hassan Ouattara in 2011, which was a major cause of the problem of governance in Ivory Coast. This research is based on the hypothesis that "the exclusion and marginalization of certain social groups on the basis of identity led the whole country to a civil war, and put it in problems that affected and will have an impact on the future of the state and society."


Article
U.S.A. use of depleted uranium in Iraq
الاستخدام الامريكي لليورانيوم المنضب في العراق

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Abstract

The depleted Uranium (DU) is one of the nuclear energy products. This material has been used in an ugly and fatal way against the civilians who were not party in any armed conflict. In Iraq, the United States has overused this weapon without any pressing military need during two periods: 1991 and 2003. This has caused a continuous harm for the future generations and their lives. The U.S.A. has given itself the right to use this weapon although that has been forbidden by Geneva Conventions that is signed by U.S.A. So, the multiple forms of carcinogenic diseases have widespread in many Iraqi Cities. There has been an increase in birth defects and Fallujah is the best example for that. The use of these internationally forbidden weapons specifically by U.S.A. is considered a structural fault according to the human, legal, and moral principles, which are put aside seeking power, interests, and domination.


Article
Iraqi Elections and its Influence on The Development and stability
الانتخابات العراقية وتأثيرها في الاستقرار والتنمية

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Abstract

On November 2003, the US Coalition Provisional Authority had announced plans to turn over sovereignty to an Iraqi Interim Government by mid-2004. The actual transfer of sovereignty occurred on 28 June 2004. The interim president installed was Sheikh Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, and the interim prime minister was Iyad Allawi.The voting represented the first general elections since the United States-led 2003 invasion on Iraq, and marked an important step in the transition of turning over control of the country from United States occupation forces to the Iraqis themselves. The elections was seen by some as a victory for democracy in the Middle East, but that opinion was not shared by all, especially as most of the Arab Sunna. Two parties supported by the majority Shi'a (or Shiite) Muslim community between them won the majority of seats, while parties representing the Kurdish community also strongly represented. Parties representing the Sunni Arab community boycotted the elections and some armed Sunni groups threatened Election Day with violence. There were 44 deaths around polling stations in at least 9 separate attacks on Election Day. With a total of some 8.4 million votes cast, a 58% turnout, the Iraqi Electoral Commission considered the elections have taken place without major disruption. Voter turnout ranged from 89% in the Kurdish region of Dahuk to two percent in the Sunni region of Anbar. A parliamentary election was held in Iraq on 7 March 2010. The election decided the 325 members of the Council of Representatives of Iraq who will elect the Iraqi Prime Minister and President. The election resulted in a partial victory for the Iraqi National Movement, led by former Interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, which won a total of 91 seats, making it the largest alliance in the Council. The State of Law Coalition, led by incumbent Prime Minister Nouri Al-Maliki, was the second largest grouping with 89 seats.


Article
The Developmental experience of MALYSIA from 2000 to 2010
التجربة التنموية في ماليزيا من العام 2000-2010

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Abstract

This research deals with the Malaysian experience of development which has its own specialty and importance for the third world. Malaysia has witnessed a great economic progress during the last four decades. It was able to coincide between two different sides; integrating with the economies of globalization on one hand, and keeping its national economy system on the other hand. So Malaysia has changed from a country depends on exporting simple primary materials to one of the greatest industrial countries in the southeast of Asia. The Malaysian system has harmonized with Islamic principle which regards the human being as the core and the tool of the developmental activity. So Malaysia has reinforced the moral values, justice, and economic equality with special attention on the development of native Muslim majority of Malawians, and encouraging them to work in different productive sectors.


Article
The impact of u.s.a role on Iraqi- Turkish relations
أثر المتغير الأميركي في العـــلاقات العراقيـــة -التركية

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Abstract

Turkey is considered one of the major players in the Middle East region, particularly during the Cold War and after, according to certain data and many elements that qualify it to play its role and then strengthen its position based on reinforcing its relations with Arabs on one hand, and strengthen its relationship with the international powers on the other hand. So, there are many important strategic issues that affect the nature of Iraqi - Turkish relations, and one of these issues is water. By using water policy, Turkey aims to achieve economic and political gains toward both Iraq and Syria. While the other issue is the Kurdish issue which affects Iraqi-Turkish relations for many years, and often leads to a conflict between the two sides. The Turkish efforts that seek to create effective regional role had many pillars, mainly its alliance with the United States and its position in the Islamic world in the Middle East and Central Asia. This regional domination comes from political, economic, and military elements that strengthen this alliance, and hence to achieve the interests of both sides. As a result, Iraqi - Turkish relations will be affected by the strategic interests of each player, as well as the influence of the United States of America on both sides.

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