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مجلة العميد

ISSN: 22270345 23119152
الجامعة: ديوان الوقف الشيعي
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة



مجلة فصلية محكمة
تعنى بالأبحاث والدراسات الانسانية
تصدر عن العتبة العباسية المقدسة
صدر العدد الاول مطلع عام 2012 .

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معلومات الاتصال

Mob :+9647719487257
mob :+9647602355555
http://alameedcenter.iq
Email: alameed@alameedcenter.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: 2 العدد: 1

Article
The Use of the Supernatural in Henry James's Short Fiction

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الخلاصة

The supernatural is a term which refers to anything that is not applicable to the natural law. It includes everything that is paranormal or metaphysical. Henry James wrote a considerable number of narrative pieces in which the presence of the supernatural is evident; this was commenced with ‘‘The Romance of Certain Old Clothes1868( ‘‘) and ended with his unfinished novel The Sense of the Past (1914). The prolific production of such works fell during and after the period that coincided with his attempt to write for the theatre in the early 1890s. This research is devoted to the critical investigation of James’s exploration of the supernatural in his two stories;”Owen Wingrave” (1893), and “The Friends of the Friends”(1896). The selection these two stories is based on the fact that they are written in a period which represents, for the novelist, his artistic maturity with which he had an intellectual unrest whether or not to stop fictional writings and begin with theatrical writings. The study is divided into two sections, each section deals with a text. Finally, the study ends with the conclusion which sums up all the findings of the study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Sequencing Impossibility of two Vocalizations (Linguistic and Phonetic Reading)
امتناع توالي اعلالين قراءة صوتية صرفية

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الخلاصة

The present study traces the state of impossibility of two vocalizations in the Arabic scriptures as considered to be an obstacle to the influence of some phonetic rules, in particular, vocalization rules; that it is to have more than one vocalization regarded as one of the obstacle of vocalization. The Study focuses upon the following isles: sequencing impossibility in the ancient linguistic scripturedelving into history and the acts of tracing-then three reasons float into being to prevent sequencing, darkness, misconstruction and compulsion. In the second isle we do tackle the possibility of having more than one vocalization and turn them to the modern linguistic lesson,. Then we conclude that the possibility of having more than one vocalization is applicable as there is no sense of an obstacle Sibawaihi mentions, some or all; darkness, misconstruction and compulsion.

الكلمات الدلالية

توالي --- اعلالين --- صرافية


Article
Jeem the Compound Sound in Arabics
الجيم الصوت المركب في العربية

المؤلفون: Jassim Khalaf Marce جاسم خلف مرص
الصفحات: 67-90
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الخلاصة

The current paper comes under the descriptive studies and considered as evaluative . In this regard, there are three salient points: first, articulation of Jeem for the classicists and the modernists, second, the idea of the compound sound, third, other shades of the Jeem sound in Arabics.

الكلمات الدلالية

الجيم --- الصوت --- المركب


Article
Principle of Diacritical Vicinity and its Impact on Changing the Features of the Voiced
مبدأ التجاور الحركي وأثره في تغيير قيم الصوائت

المؤلفون: Mushtaq `Abbass Ma`an مشتاق عباس معن
الصفحات: 91-125
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الخلاصة

Our tongue legacy, in particular, the phonetic one, strikes the eye as steeped in many a theory and sayings the modernist lesson advocates. One of these sayings is the principle of diacritical vicinity that could be defined as linguistic procedural principle changing the features of the voiced in Arabics according to its state, position in the context and the impact of this on the articulating construction. The etymologists, much concerned with such a fact than other ancient Arab scientists, have certified such a principle stemming from two essentials: 1. The articulating features of the sound. 2. The short voiced sound adjacent to it- separated by a hyphen or not- Such two facts incarnate the cognizance of our ancient etymologists of what the modernist scholars call for. The features of a sound and what is adjacent to it in the context are crucial to keep the sound intact or not, also they affect the sound articulation and its features.

الكلمات الدلالية

التجاور --- الحركي


Article
Phonetic behavior of Arabic accents and morphological structure
السلوك الصوتي للهجات العربيّة والبنية الصرفية

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الخلاصة

The Arabic dialects influence the linguistic lesson. Not only do the scientists pay heed to the native language, but they exert themselves to trail the Arabic dialects and to endeavour to elucidate their ramifications; in particular the morphological structure in Arabic. In the present paper, we do drag the impact of such dialects on the morphological structure into the ground, as they revert into specific phonetic choices in certain positions monitored in the following contexts : 1- Teem dialect ramification. 2- Hamza mitigating. 3- Phonetic behaviour for dialects and pausing

الكلمات الدلالية

السلوك --- الصوتي --- العربية


Article
Aesthetic Values of Geometrical Shapes in the Quranic Manuscripts
القيم الجمالية للأشكال الهندسية في المخطوطات القرآنية

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الخلاصة

A paper submitted to the Scientific Promotion Committee in Babylon University in partial fulfillment of the Requirements for Professorship Rank The present study tackles Aesthetic Values of Geometrical Shapes in the Quranic Manuscripts in the orbit of the Quranic manuscripts purporting the beauties of the Islamic decoration considered as the constituents of the decoration construction. In time, the Islamic artworks give much shrifts to abstractism in having visual scenes for certain vicinities, geographical and vegetable, taking a decorative harmonized system steeped in raving beauty. So the art of manuscript surges into being under the umbrella of its decoration and attaches importance to presuming decorative values reckoning on the systems of ornamental construction. The current paper consists of four chapters; the first takes hold of the problem and the need of it, the aesthetic discourse in the Quranic manuscripts surveying the construction of decoration in general and the geometry in the Islamic manuscripts in Iraq , in particular ; the aim of the study defining the aesthetic values for the geometrical shapes in the Quranic manuscripts in Iraq in light of abstractism in the art of manuscript decorating and explication of samples for geometrical decorations of unpunished Quranic manuscripts as of 1110 Hegira to 1226 Hegira counting upon the method of the content explicating in the orbit of aesthetic view theoretically and procedurally. The second chapter manipulates the theoretical side and bifurcated intro three sections; the first deals with the beauties of decorative shapes in intellectuality and philosophy giving visions to the importance of aestheticism in intellectuality, arts and philosophy from civilization to civilization; the second section covers the systems of the decorative shape and the essentials of construction paving the way to knowledge in the orbit of the decorative discourse in the Islamic arts technically, performatively and referentially ; the third section grasps the geometrical trend in the decoration of the manuscript. Third chapter purports the procedures, samples, strategy and the analysis of the samples that are five Quranic manuscripts from the Abbasid age . The fourth chapter reviews the results; the Muslim decorator suggests the principle of diffusion to the decorative constituents, vegetable and geometrical, due to the processes of simplification and construction the decorator uses in his products, that is why his decorative artworks gain model aesthetic values coming equal to the images of the originality . Furthermore, there are inference, recommendations and suggestions; the researcher recommends to put in force a further study ; the Symbol and its Patterns in the Quranic Manuscripts.


Article
Jacobins and their political activity in France (1789 - 1799)
اليعاقبة ونشاطهم السياسي في فرنسا 1799 -1789

المؤلفون: Talib M. Hasan Al-Waily طالب محيبس حسن الوائلي
الصفحات: 229-278
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الخلاصة

Jacobins is an extremist political society known by its terrorist activity during the French Revolution 1789 started from the monastery of the Christian Jacobite in Brittany. It used every possible means to dominate the French political arena through its branches across the country. Thus they converted from the religious beginning to the attempt of dealing with the competitive trends، in away which secures its absolute domination on poles of the monarchy and affiliated on them، or deputies of the National Assembly of various backgrounds. When they had realized that their interests require another trend، they felt no hesitation to adopt the views and support of the Socialist thinker (Babuf). The also showed readiness for murders and bloody coups using the slogans of the Revolution in getting rid of their rivals. It has been found that there had been a close relationship between them and the Masons. They were able to direct and guide the actives of the National Assembly due to their prominent figures (Danton، Mara، Robespierre) despite the fact that they had no parliamentary seats which secure their being the Majority. They implemented many coups in order to dominate the scene. However، the Murder Robespierre was an indicator for the decline of the Assembly، even though it did not remove that influence which fading and appearing in accordance with circumstances and challenges. Finally The government managed to Crush all opposition forces. They appeal for Napoleon Bonaparte in suppressing the movement. Bourgeois hegemony was restored with the coming of Bonaparte starting with the coup of 18 Premiere (29 November 1799)، which ended the society of the Jacobins and most of the principles of the revolution alike.

الكلمات الدلالية

اليعاقبة --- فرنسا --- المعارضة --- مارا --- دانتون


Article
Lexical Trench Mark and its Impact on Guiding Content (Ocean-Sea Explication as a Model)
القرينة المعجمية وأثرها في توجيه المعنى تفسير البحر المحيط أنموذجاً

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الخلاصة

The three language systems i.e. Phonetics, grammar and syntax produce many contexts help in understanding and determine meaning. This study states that lexicon has its own system where the content of the meant system has many relations ; a given word, in the mind of the lexicographer or the native speaker, is linked to a semantic field and a set of relations as well…and this is the basis on which the lexical fields ,semantic fields, are based. This lexical system determines the context of lexical meaning, lexical context; Lexical meaning doesn’t mean that it is irrelative to the relations it has with other linguistic vocabulary. Such a deep-rooted denotation, in the mind of the native speaker ,should be used for founding the written text and coining speech and in text analysis as well so that the lexical meaning will be the context required in this regard. This runs counter to what may be understood that such a context is an extra one in that it is rather using the lexical meaning outside the context and its connections just to understand the text in a given context . This type of context has a great effect in determining the accordance and semantic harmony among sentence constituents in the context. This can be seen clearly in states of lexical collocations which represent the lexical aspect of grammatical collocations. This study is of many parts to indicate the effect of the mentioned context ; the parsing might depend on lexical meaning, i.e. however you direct the meaning, parsing is directed as well. The grammatical rule is linked to the lexical meaning whose validity reckons upon it , if conditioned to have a specific meaning. In addition, a lexical meaning might lead to a functional one ; grammatical or syntactic. It might happen that a lexical cohesion is found among the vocabulary of a text which leads to clarification and understanding of meaning by a receptor, or there might be a lexical paradox among those vocabularies. Such a paradox is divided into two types: a close paradox where the two words have an symmetrical relation as that of metaphor which leads to a state of interpretation or explanation. The second one is the distant paradox where there is no a relation or link among the words in paradox that leads to deletion of meaning or turning the text into mere nonsense. The latter type is excluded from the study since its application leads to the explanation of the Glorious Quran. Inclusion adds a lexical meaning to words since it expands the lexical denotation of a word and it has a rhetorical précis as acknowledged by Abu Hayyan. It also has a strong link with paradox for it represents one of the ways used as an escape in interpretation. This may be due to structural paradox which means structure in surface that is incorrect or different from the grammatical rule , then we need to interpret it.

الكلمات الدلالية

الصوت --- النحو --- الصرف --- الحقول الدلالية


Article
The influnce of time relationships among the events of which to clearfy the indication of isolation in the Holly Quran
أثر العلاقات الزمانية بين الاحداث في اظهار دلالة الاستبعاد في القرآن الكريم

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الخلاصة

Different realationship in alang urge tissus contact different events, and they can be collected according to atime balance in three relations, for if the expectations of their times fallings result to collect them by intermingle , commentary and sag . The Holly Quran phrase appears or shows that this relations take place in its indication which are to be coupled with comrades , speed , the connection with commentary and with meaning fullness dimension in sag . Besides their participation in amain indication with subsieliary indications and that are the results of main indication Harmony with the context indications. The thing that draws attention is that the isolation indication was the most distinguished among all the indications , the subsidiary with the three relations . The isolation falls on the second event , and the context shows that the second event considers away with foundation of the other event either that event preceds the isolated or falling with it , that′s to mean the isolated event came after the first event or it may come with it .

الكلمات الدلالية

القرآن


Article
Sibawaihi First and First Encourages Grammarians not to Reckon upon Speeches of the Honourable Prophet, Hadith Sharif
سيبويه أول مَنْ جرَّأَ النَّحْويِّينَ على العُزوف عن الاحْتِجاج بالحديث النَّبويِّ الشَّريف

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الخلاصة

It is no secret the book Sibawayhi has a prominent status among Arab briliant books. He has deposited the bulk of the findings of the Arabic knowledge derived from senior grammarians of his time. He was first when he came to Basrah under Hammad ibn Salamah (d. 167 AH), but failed to collect the Hadith because he was non-native speaker of Arabic. Thus, he began studying Arabic in the circle of Khalil bin Ahmed Faraheedi (d. 175 AH) until he excelled in it, He took the same approach to restrict the provisions of the language and adjust the manifestations of what came in the Holy Quran and Arabic Eloquent poetry. His 'book' which was later named (Quran's Grammar(Nahu)); however Sibawayhi have protest Hadith Sharif except in places limited where some of the conversations in support of the rule of Grammar, or intensifying support, and this approach Sibawayhi was first who encouraged Grammarians for not relying on the Hadith Sharif. Have walked in Arab scientists passengers until the seventh century who followed his path in the book authoring. The study concluded among other things which justify the reason behind the reluctance of Sibawayhi statement by the hadith of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, including: 1. The early departure of Sibawayhi from the circle of (Hammad ibn Salamah) because of his Arabic phonological mistakes deprived him from many linguistic and grammatical issues. 2. Consequently his failure to collect Hadith made him unconfident to capture the real meanings of the words of the prophet. That's why we find him attributes Hadith to the man who said of the Arabs, or many Arabs. 3. Sibawayhi character inter alia made him feel inferior or that no one else, including his errors, and aphasia in the tongue referred to by al-Alimi, the incident of him being expelled from the circle, have had a direct impact on him to make the effort and excellence in the collection of science Arab and dexterity-in authoring, which is confirmed by scientists psychoanalysis that if a person failed to prove itself and gain social influence, it uses different means of compensation may lead to excellence and doing great work.

الكلمات الدلالية

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