Table of content

Baghdad Science Journal

مجلة بغداد للعلوم

ISSN: 20788665 24117986
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Science for Women
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

A Scientific and Evaluated Journal Published by the College of Science for Women, University of Baghdad
Date of First issue(2004)
No.of Issue per year(4)
No.of papers per issue (25)
No. Of issue published between 2004-2017(57) issue
This Journal publish paper in Arabic and English in area of Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and Computer.

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Contact info

Phone Number:07800709148
E-mail: bsj@csw.uobaghdad.edu.iq
E-mail: baghdadscij@csw.uobaghdad.edu.iq
E-mail:bjs.csw@gmail.com

Table of content: 2013 volume:10 issue:3عدد خاص بموتمر الكيمياء

Article
Preparation of New Complexes
تحضير معقدات جديدة لـليكاند 2-(2- بيوتايل) ثايو -5- فنيل – 1 ، 3 ، 4 – اوكسادايازول ودراسة فعاليتها البايولوجية

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This paper deals with the preparation and investigation studies of a number of new complexes of Cu(II) , Zn(II) , Hg(II) , Ag(I) , Pt(IV) and Pb(II).The complexes were formed by the reaction of the mentioned metal ions with the ligand which is derived from oxadiazole (OXB), 2- (2-butyl) thio-5- phenyl – 1,3,4 – oxadiazole in the mole ratio (1:1) , (1:2) and (1:3) (metal to ligand ).The result complexes having general formulae : M(OXB)Cl2] [M(OXB)X2]H2O [ M= Cu(II) , Zn(II) M= Hg(II) , Pb(II) [M(OXB)2 X2] X= Cl– M = Cu (II), Zn (II), Hg (II), Pb (II) X= Cl–, NO3-, CH3COO- [Pt(OXB)3]Cl4 [Ag(OXB)]NO3 2-(2-بيوتايل ) ثايو -5- فنيل –4,3,1– اوكسادايازول OXB = These complexes have been characterized by variety of chemical, physical and spectroscopic techniques , such as elemental analysis , molar conductance , Infrared absorption spectra , electronic spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements . These studies indicate that the tetracoordinate complexes have either square planer or tetrahedral structures and the hexacoordinate complexes while that bidentate complexes for Ag(I) have been found to have non-linear (deviated) structure . Furthermore, the prepared complexes ability was tested as their bactericidal materials.


Article
Preparation, characterization and study of biological activity and laser effect on the new Cu(II) complexes containing mixed benziloxime and furfuraldehydeazine ligands
تحضير وتشخيص الفعّاليّة الحيويّة لمُعقّدات النحاس(II) الجديدة الحاوية على مزيج من ليكندي البنزل أوكزيم والفورفورالديهايدأزاين ودراسة تأثير الليزر فيها

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Abstract: New copper(II) complexes with mixed ligand benziloxime (BOxH) and furfural-dehydeazine (FA) using classical (with and without solvent) and microwave heating methods have been prepared. The resulting complexes have been characterized using physico-chemical techniques. The study suggested that the ligands formed neutral complexes had general formulas [Cu(FA)(BOXH)(Ac)2] and [Cu(FA)(BOX)(OH)] in neutral (or acidic) and basic medium, respectively. Accordingly, hexa-coordinated mono-nuclear complexes have been investigated by this study and having distorted octahedral geometry. The effect of laser have been studied on solid ligands and solid complexes, no effect have been observed on most compounds through the results of melting point and conductivity, this means that most of the compounds were not affected by this kind of radiation. and stable. Whereas some few complexes have been slightly affected due to breaking of hydrogen bonding. The biological activity of copper salt, ligands and all the complexes have been evaluated by agar plate diffusion techniques against two human pathogenic bacterial strains: Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus. Copper acetate was found to have antibacterial activity. The ligand FA also has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus, whereas the other ligand BOxH does not have antibacterial activity against Enterococcus. Most of the complexes were found to have antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus. The activity of the complexes (2,4 and 5) have been evaluated on trace of Impetigo from skin of males and females, the complexes [Cu(BOxH)(FA)(Ac)2] (2) and [Cu(BOx)(FA)(OH)] (4,5); showed significant activity against this pathogen.


Article
Synthesis of some Heterocyclic Compounds Derived from
تحضيـر بعض المركبات الحلقية غير المتجانسة المشتقة من

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The 4-(α-bromo acetyl)-4′-toluene sulfonanilide (2) was used as key intermediate to synthesize new heterocyclic compounds. This bromo compound was synthesized via sulfonation of amino group of p-amino acetophenone using Hinsburg method with 4-toluene sulfonyl chloride to form 4-acetyl-4′-toluene sulfonanilide (1) which is used as a starting material in this work. This compound was brominated to yield compound (2) which is used as a precursor to synthesize new five and seven membered heterocyclic compounds such as substituted 1,3-oxazoles (3,4), 1,3-thiazole derivatives (5-7), thiourea compounds (8a,b), 1,3-Thiazoline-2-thione compounds (9a-f) and 1,2,5-triazepine compounds (11a-d). The synthesized compounds were identified depending upon physical, FT-IR and UV spectroscopic data.


Article
Synthesis and Theoretical Study of 4-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazoline-3(4H)-yl) Benzoic acid with Some Transition Metal Ions
-يل)حامض البنزوك مع بعض أيونات العناصر الانتقالية(H تحضير ودراسة نظرية ل-4(2-مثيل-4-أوكساكونازولين-3-(

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New complexes of the type [ML2(H2O)2] ,[FeL2(H2O)Cl] and [VOL2] were M=Co(II),Ni(II) and Cu(II) ,L=4-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazoline-3(4H)-yl) benzoic acid were synthesized and characterized by element analysis, magnetic susceptibility ,molar conductance ,FT-IR and UV-visible. The studies indicate that the L acts as doubly monodentate bridge for metal ions and form mononuclear complexes. The complexes are found to be octahedral except V(IV) complex is square pyrimde shape . The structural geometries of compounds were also suggested in gas phase by theoretical treatments, using Hyper chem-6 program for the molecular mechanics and semi-empirical calculations, addition heat of formation(∆Hf ◦) and binding energy (∆Eb)for the free ligands and it’s metal complexes were calculated by using PM3 method .PM3 was used to evaluate the vibration spectra of ligand and compare the theoretically calculated wave numbers with experimental values ,the theoretically obtained frequencies agreed calculation helped to assign unambiguously the most diagnostic bands.


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of [2-(carboxy methylene-amino)-phenyl imino] acetic acid (L) and its some metal complexes
تحضير، تشخيص بعض المعقدات الفلزية

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New Schiff base, namely [2-(carboxy methylene-amino)-phenyl imino] acetic acid (L) and its some metal complexes [LCo.2H2O], [LNi.2H2O], [LCu].3H2O, [LCd.2H2O], [LHg.2H2O] and [LPb.2H2O], were reported and characterized by elemental analysis, metal content, spectroscopic methods, magnetic moments and conductivity measurements, it is found that the geometrical structures of these complexes are octahedral [Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), Pb(II) and square planar Cu(II).The complexes have been found to posses 1:1 (M:L) stoichiometry


Article
The Combined Action of Zeolite and Chlorinated Rubber as Flame Retardants for Epoxy Resin
التأثير التآزري للزيولايت والمطاط المكلور كمثبطات لهب لراتنج الايبوكسي

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In this work , the effect of chlorinated rubber (additive I), zeolite 3A with chlorinated rubber (additive II), zeolite 4A with chlorinated rubber (additiveIII), and zeolite 5A with chlorinated rubber (additive IV), on flammability for epoxy resin studied, in the weight ratios of (2, 4, 7,10 & 12%) by preparing films of (130x130x3) mm in diameters, three standard test methods used to measure the flame retardation which are ; ASTM : D-2863 , ASTM : D-635 & ASTM : D-3014. Results obtained from these tests indicated that all of them are effective and the additive IV has the highest efficiency as a flame retardant.


Article
Some new transition metal complexes of bis (2-methyl furfuraldene)-4,4`-methylene bis (cyclohexylamine) ligand
بعض معقدات العناصــــــر الانتقالـــية الجــــديــدة لليكــــــــــاند بس (2-مثيل فورفورالدين) - 4,4`- مثيلين بس(سايكلوهكسيل امين)

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New Fe(II),Co(II),Ni(II),Cu(II) and Zn(II) Schiff base complexes which have the molar ratio 2:1 metal to ligand of the general formula [M2( L) X4] (where L=bis(2-methyl furfuraldene)-4-4`-methylene bis(cyclo-hexylamine) ) were prepared by the reaction of the metal salts with the ligand of Schiff base derived from the condensation of 2:1 molar ratio of 2-acetyl furan and 4-4`-methylene bis (cyclohexylamine). The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis using atomic absorption spectrophotometer ,molar conductance measurements, infrared, electronic spectra,and magnetic susceptibility measurement. These studies revealed binuclear omplexes. The metal(II) ion in these complexes have four coordination sites giving the most expected tetrahedral structure and square planar for Cu(II)ion.


Article
Synthesis, Structural Studies of Some New Transition Metals Complexes of Semicarbazide hydro chloride Schiff Base Derivatives
تحضير ودراسة التركيب لمعقدات بعض العناصر الانتقالية الجديدة لمشتقات قواعد شف سمي كربزايد هايدروكلورايد

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A new series of transition metal complexes of Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Fe(III) have been synthesized from the Schiff base (L1) and (L2) derived from Semicarbazide hydro chloride and 4-chlorobenzaldehyde or 4-bromobenzaldehyde. The structural features have been arrived from their elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductivity, IR, UV-Vis. and 1H NMR spectral studies. The data show that the complexes have composition of [M(L)2](NO3)2 and [Fe(L)2 (NO3)2](NO3) where the M=Co(II),Ni(II) and Cu(II) ;L=L1and L2 type. The magnetic susceptibility and UV-Vis spectral data of the complexes suggest a square planer geometry for Co(II) and Cu(II) but Fe(III) octahedral geometry and Ni(II) tetrahedral geometry around the central metal ion.Hyper Chem-6 program has been used to predict structure geometries of compounds in gas phase .The electrostatic potential of the free ligands were calculated to investigate the reactive sites of the molecules .The heat of formation(∆Hf ◦) and binding energy(∆Eb) at 298K for the free ligands and its metal complexes were calculated by using PM3 method.


Article
Synthesis and characterization of novel metal complexes of (pentulose-γ-lactone-2,3-enedibenzoate barbituric acid) with some metal ions
تحضير وتشخيص بعض المعقدات الفلزية الجديدة لليكاند

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New (pentulose-γ-lactone-2,3-enedibenzoate barbituric acid) (L) have been synthesized by reaction of (5-C-dimethyl malonyl-pentulose-γ-lactone-2,3-enedibenzoate) with urea in alkaline media (sodium methoxide). (Ca+2, Co+2, Ni+2, Cu+2, Zn+2, Cd+2 and Hg+2) complexes of (pentulose-γ-lactone-2,3-enedibenzoate barbituric acid) (L) have been prepared and characterized by (1H and 13CNMR), FTIR, (U.V-Vis) spectroscopy, Atomic absorption spectrophotometer (A.A.S), Molar conductivity measurements and Magnetic moment measurements, and the following general formula has been given for the prepared complexes [MLCl2(H2O)].XH2O, where M = (Ca+2, Co+2, Ni+2, Cu+2, Zn+2, Cd+2, Hg+2), X = five molecules with (Cd+2) complex, L = (pentulose-γ-lactone-2,3-enedibenzoate barbituric acid).


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Methyl 2-(1,7,7-Tri methylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yieldene)hydrazinecarbodithioate Schiff Bases Derived From Methylhydrazine carbodithioate And Their Bi(III) And Ag(II) Complexes
تخليق وتشخيص مثيل 2-(7,7,1 – ثلاثي مثيل ثنائي حلقي (2.2.1 ) سداسي – 2- يلدين) هيدرازين كاربودي ثايويت قواعد شف الجديدة والمشتقة من مثيل هيدرازين كاربوداي ثايويت ومعقداتها للبزموث (III) والفضة (II)

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Novel bidentate Schiff bases having nitrogen-sulphur donor sequence was synthesized from condensation of racemate camphor, (R)-camphor and (S)-camphor with Methyl hydrazinecarbodithioate (SMDTC). Its metal complexes were also prepared through the reaction of these ligands with silver and bismuth salts. All complexes were characterized by elemental analyses and various physico-chemical techniques. These Schiff bases behaved as uninegatively charged bidentate ligands and coordinated to the metal ions via β-nitrogen and thiolate sulphur atoms. The NS Schiff bases formed complexes of general formula, [M(NS)2] or [M(NS)2.H2O] where M is BiIII or AgI, the expected geometry is octahedral for Bi(III) complexes while Ag(I) is expected to oxidized to Ag(II) forming square planner complexes.


Article
sw uobaghdad edu iqSynthesis and Characterization of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Hg(II) Complexes with Symmetrical Schiff base
تحضير وتشخيص معقدات Mn(II) و Co(II) و Ni(II) و Cu(II) و Zn(II) و Hg(II) مع قواعد شيف المتماثلة

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New binuclear Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Hg(II) Complexes of N2S2 tetradentate or N4S2 hexadentate symmetric Schiff base were prepared by the condensation of butane-1,4-diylbis(2-amino ethylcarbamodithioate) with 3-acetyl pyridine. The complexes having the general formula [M2LCl4] (where L=butane-1,4-diyl bis (2-(z)-1-(pyridine-3-ylethylidene amino))ethyl carbamodithioate, M= Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Hg(II)), were prepared by the reaction of the mentioned metal salts and the ligand. The resulting binuclear complexes were characterized by molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility ,infrared and electronic spectral measurements. This study indicated that Mn(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes have octahedral geometry, while Co(II) Zn(II) and Hg(II) complexes are proposed to be tetrahedral structure . K


Article
Spectroscopic Characterization and Antimicrobial Activities of Some Heavy Metals Complexes of 2-hydroxy phenyl piperonalidene
التشخيص الطيفي والفعالية المضادة للميكروبات لبعض معقدات الفلزات الثقيلة لـ 2-هيدروكسي فنيل بيرونالدين

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An antibacterial and antifungal piperonal-derived compound and its Rh(III), Pd(II), Pt(IV), and Cd(II) metal complexes were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods, conductivity, metal analyses and magnetic moment measurements. The nature of the complexes formed in ethanolic solution was studied following the molar ratio method. From the spectral studies, octahedral geometry was suggested for rhodium (III) and platinum (IV) complexes, while a square planer structure was suggested for palladium (II) complex and a tetrahedral geometry for cadmium (II) complex. Structural geometries of these compounds were also suggested in gas phase by using hyperchem-8 program for the molecular mechanics and semi-empirical calculations. The heat of formation and binding energy for the prepared compounds was calculated by using PM3 and AMBER methods. The theoretically vibration spectra for the imine and its starting material was evaluated by using PM3 method. Preliminary in vitro tests for antibacterial and antifungal activity showed that most of the prepared compounds display a good activity to (Staphylococcus aureus), (Escherichia coli) and (Candida albicans).


Article
Synthesis, Spectral Studies, and Theoretical Treatment of New Ni(II),and Co(II) Complexes of Bidenetate Ligands 2-Benzamido Benzothiazole ,and 2-Actamido Benzothiazole
تحضير ودراسة طيفية ومعالجة نظرية لمعقدات النيكل الثنائي والكوبلت الثنائي لليكاندات ثنائية السن (2-بنزومايدو بنزوثايزول و 2-استمايدوبنزوثايزول)

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New metal complexes of the ligands 2-benzamido benzothiazole(B1), and 2-actamido benzothiazole(B2) with metal ions Ni(II),and Co(II) were prepared in alcoholic medium. The prepared complexes were characterized by FT-IR and electronic spectroscopy, Magnetic susceptibility, Flame Atomic Absorption technique as well as elemental analysis and conductivity measurement. From the spectral studies, an octahedral monomer structure proposed for Ni(II) complexes, and a tetrahedral monomer structure for Co(II)complexes.Semi-empirical methods (PM3,and ZINDO/1)were carried out to evaluate the heat formation( ∆H˚f)binding energy(∆Eb) and dipole moment(µ)for all metal complexes. Also vibration frequencies, Electrostatic potential, HOMO and LUMO energies for ligands were calculated.


Article
Synthesis and characterization of new complexes of Co+2 , Ni+2 , Cu+2 and Zn+2 with (Sodium acetate thio ) ethylene ligands
تحضير وتشخيص معقدات Co+2,Ni+2,Cu+2وZn+2 الجديدة مع ليكاندات(صوديوم خلات ثايو)أثيلين

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This research involves the preparation of new ligands 1,1,2,2- tetrakis (sodium acetate thio)ethylene(L1) and 1,1,2- tris(sodiumacetatethio) ethylene(L2), through the reaction of disodium thioglycolate) with tetra chloro ethylene or tri chloro ethylene in (1:4) or (1:3) moler ratio . Homodinucliar complexes of general formlu [M2(L1)] and [M2(L2)ClH2O] , when M= Co(II), Ni(II), Cu (II) and Zn(II) also mono nuclear complexes of general formula [M(L2)] . The prepared complexes were characterized using spectral method (UV/Visible/ IR) , metal content analysis , magnetic and atomic measurements . The spectral and magnetic measurement indicats that some complexes have tetrahedral or square planar complexes environtment .


Article
Synthesis and Evaluation of Antimicrobial activity of several new Maleimides to Benzothiazole moiety
تحضير وتقدير الفعالية المضادة للجراثيم لعدد من المالي ايمايدات الجديدة المرتبطة بمكونة البنزوثايازول

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In this work, a series of new maleimides linked to substituted benzothiazole moiety were synthesized. Synthesis of these new cyclic imides were performed via three steps, the first one involved preparation of a series of 2-aminobenzothiazole substituted with different substituents via reaction of different primary aromatic amines with ammonium thiocyanate and bromine in glacial acetic acid. The prepared 2- amino benzothiozoles were introduced in the second step in reaction with maleic anhydride producing a series of N-(substituted benzothiazole-2-yl) maleamic acids. The resulted maleamic acids were dehydrated in the third step via treatment with acetic anhydride and anhydrous sodium acetate to afford a series of the desirable N-(substituted benzothiazole -2-yl) maleimides.The synthesized maleimides were screened for thier antibacterial activity against two types of bacteria including (staphylococcus aureus) Gram positive and (Klebsiella pneumoniae) Gram negative bacteria respectively.Antifungal activity of the prepared imides also were tested against (Candida albicans) fungi.The new compounds were found to exhibit good antibacterial and antifungal activities.


Article
Synthesis of N-benzothiazole derivative imide on polymeric chain, have possible biological activity
(تحضير مشتقات ن _بنزوثايازول ايمايدعلى السلسله البوليمريه ,ذات فعاليه بايولوجية متوقعه)

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In this reserch Some new substituted and unsubstituted poly imides compounds. were synthesized by reaction of acrylol chloride with different amides (aliphatic and aromatic) in a suitable solvent in the presence amount triethyl amine (Et3N) with heating. The Structure confirmation of all polymers were confirmed using FT-IR,1H-NMR,13C-NMR and UV spectroscopy. Thermal analysis (TG) for some polymers showed their thermal stabilities. Other physical properties including softening points, melting point and solubility of the polymers were also measured


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of New Polyimide by Curing Poly Acryloyl Chloride with Different Amides
تحضير وتشخيص بولي إيمايدات جديدة بواسطة بولي أكريل كلورايد مع أمايدات مختلفة

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The present work involved preparation of new substituted and unsubstituted and poly imides (1-17) using reaction of acryloyl chloride with different amides (aliphatic ,aromatic) in the presence of a suitable solvent and amount tri ethyl amine (Et3N) with heating – the structure confirmation of all polymers were proved using FT-IR,1H-NMR,C13NMR and UV spectroscopy ,thermal analysis (TG) for some polymers confirmed their thermal stabilities . Other physical properties including softening and melting points, PH and solubility of the polymers were also measured


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of New phenolic Schiff bases Derivatives Based on Terephthaladehyde
تحضيروتشخيص مشتقات قواعد شيف الفينولية ابتداءا من التيرفثالديهايد

Authors: Eman M. Mohammed * ايمان مهدي
Pages: 699-711
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A variety of new phenolic Schiff bases derivatives have been synthesized starting from Terephthaladehyde compound, all proposed structures were supported by FTIR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, Elemental analysis, some derivatives evaluated by Thermal analysis (TGA).


Article
Synthesis And Characterization Of Some New Acetylenic Mannich Bases Based On Biphenyl – 4,4 - Dithiol
تحضير وتشخيص بعض مركبات الاستيلينية لقواعد مانخ ابتداءا من ثنائي فينل -4-4-ثنائي الثايول

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One of the most important , compound which have active hydrogen is the compound possessing (thiol group) Biphenyl-4,4-dithiol is agood example utilized in a wide field for preparation mannich bases , avariety of new acetylenic mannich bases have been Synthesized and all proposed structure were Supported by FTIR , 1H – NMR, 13C-NMR , Elemental analysis and microbial study .


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of New Thioxanthone Derivatives
تحضير وتشخيص مشتقات جديدة للثايوكسانثون

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This work comprises the synthesis of new thioxanthone derivatives containing C-substituted thioxanthone. To obtain these derivatives, the o-mercapto benzoic acid was chosen as the starting material, which was reacted with dry benzene in sulfuric acid (98 %) to produce the thioxanthone (1). The 2,7-(disulfonyl phosphine imine) thioxanthone (4-8) were prepared from reaction of compound (1) with chlorosulfonic acid gave 2,7-(disulfonyl chloride) thioxanthone (2). Treatment of (2) with sodium azide to produce 2,7-(disulfonyl azide) thioxanthone (3). Condensation of (3) with phosphorus compounds afforded compounds (4-8). The 2,7-(disulfonamide) thioxanthone (9-21) was obtained when compound (2) condensed with different aromatic amines, it gave the expected amides (9-21).


Article
Synthesis of substituted (oxazepine, Diazepine, tetrazde) via Schiff Bases for 2- Aminobenzo Thaizole Derivatives
تحضير معوضات (الأوكسازيبين، دايزيبين والتترازول)عن طريق قواعد شيف لمشتقات 2 - أمينو بنزوثايازول.

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This work includs synthesis of several Schiff bases by condensation of 6- methoxy – 2- amino benzothiazole with some aldehydes and ketones (2- hydroxyl benzaldehyde, 4- hydroxyl benzaldehyde, 4- N,N –dimethy amino acetophenone, benzophenone) to abtain schiff bases (1-5). These schiff bases were found to react with phthalate anhydride to give oxazepine derivatives (6-10) that were reacted with primary aromatic amines to give Diazepine derivatives (11-15). Besides, we prepared new tetrazole derivatives (16-20) from the reaction of the prepared Schiff bases with sodium azide in the prepared compounds that were characterized by physical properties, FT-IR and some of the 1H-NMR and 13C –NMR spectroscopy.


Article
Synthesis of some heterocyclic derivatives of 1,8-Naphthyridine with a new substitution on the Naphthyridine ring
تشييد لبعض المركبات الحلقيه غير المتجانسه المشتقه من

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Abstract The Synthesis in good yields of some new 1,8-Naphthyridine derivatives (1-9) and characterized on the basis of IR and 1H NMR spectra data. The compounds (1) and (6) were utilized as a starting material for the preparing of these compounds.


Article
Synthesis and biological studies for some heterocyclic compounds derived from 2-Morpholino-1,8- naphthyridine-4-carboxylic acid
تشييد ودراسة بايولوجية لبعض المركبات الحلقية غير المتجانسة المشتقة

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New heterocyclic compounds derived from 2-Morpholino-1,8-naphthyridine-4-carboxylic acid such as oxadiazolo, thiadiazolo – thione and triazolo-thione have been prepared and characterized on the basis of IR and 1H NMR spectra data. The hydrizide compound was utilized as a starting material for preparing of these compounds. The second part of this study involves the biological studies of some of these naphthyridine derivatives by using three different kinds of bacteria namely: Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruglnosa and Escherichia coli. The data indicated that some of these compounds have a good activity against the tested bacteria in comparison to antibiotics.


Article
Synthesis of Some Heterocyclic Compounds Derived from 2-Mercapto Benzoxazole
تحضير بعض المركبات الحلقية الغير متجانسة المشتقة

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New series of 2-mecapto benzoxazole derivatives (1-20) incorporated into fused to different nitrogen and suphur containing heterocyclic were prepared from 2-meracpto benzoxazole, when treated with hydrazine hydrate to afford 2-hydrazino benzoxazol (1). Compound (1) converted to a variety of pyridazinone andphthalazinone derivatives (2-4) by reaction with different carboxylic anhydride. Also, reaction of (1) with phenyl isothiocyanate and ethyl chloro acetate afforded 3-phenyl-1,3-thiazolidin-2,4-dione-2-(benzoxazole-2-yl-hydrazone) (6). Azomethines (7-10) were prepared through reaction of (1) with aromatic aldehyde, then (7, 8) converted to thaizolidinone derivatives (11, 12). Treatment of (1) with active methylene compounds afforded derivative (13). Reaction of (1) with CS2 and NaOH gave 1,2,4-triazole derivative (14). Treatment of (1) with p-bromophenancyl bromide afforded another 1,2,4-triazole (15). The reaction of 2-mercapto benzoxazole with chloro acetic acid gave (16) followed by refluxing (16) with ortho-amino aniline giving benzimidazol (17). Moreover, the reaction of 2-mercapto benzoxazole with ethyl chloroacetate afforded (18), and then reaction of (18) with thiosemicarbazide and 4% NaOH leads to ring closure giving 1,2,4-triazole derivative (20). All compounds were confirmed by their melting point, FT-IR, UV-Vis spectra and 1H-NMR spectra for some of them.


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of New Heterocyclic Thioxanthone Derivatives
تحضير وتشخيص مشتقات حلقية جديدة للثايوكسانثون

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This work comprises the synthesis of new thioxanthone derivatives containing C-substituted thioxanthone. To obtain these derivatives, the o-mercapto benzoic acid was chosen as the starting material, o-mercapto benzoic acid with phenoxy acetic acid / thio phenoxy acetic acid gave 2-(oxy acetic acid) thioxanthone (1) and 2-(thio acetic acid) thioxanthone (2) respectively. Treatment of (1,2) with thionyl chloride gave 2-(oxy acetyl chloride) thioxanthone (3) and 2-(thio acetyl chloride) thioxanthone (4) respectively. Compounds (3,4) were treated with hydrazine hydrate (99%) to form the hydrazide (5,6) which is the desired Chiron, the hydrazide (5,6) was used to react with phenyl isothiocyanate / phenyl isocyanate to give thiosemicarbazide (7,8) / semicarbazide (9,10) derivatives respectively, which were used in the preparation of eight types of heterocyclic derivatives.

Keywords

Keywords: Thioxanthone --- 1 --- 2 --- 4-Triazole --- 1 --- 3 --- 4-Oxadiazole --- 1 --- 3 --- 4-Thiadiazole.


Article
Six-coordinate oxime-imine cobalt(III) complexes with amino acid co-ligands; synthesis and characterisation
نحضير وتشخيص معقدات الكوبلت الثلاثية مع ليكاند نوع ايمين – اوكسيم وبعض الاحماض الامينية

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Abstract

In this publication, several six coordinate Co(III)-complexes are reported. The reaction of 2,3-butanedione monoxime with ethylenediamine or o-phenylenediamine in mole ratios of 2:1 gave the tetradentate imine-oxime ligands diaminoethane-N,N`-bis(2-butylidine-3-onedioxime) H2L1 and o-phenylenediamine-N,N`-bis(2-butylidine-3-onedioxime), respectively. The reaction of H2L1 and H2L2 with Co(NO3)2, and the amino acid co-ligands (glycine or serine) resulted in the formation of the required complexes. Upon complex formation, the ligands behave as a neutral tetradantate species, while the amino acid co-ligand acts as a monobasic species. The mode of bonding and overall geometry of the complexes were determined through physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. These studies revealed octahedral geometry about Co(III) complexes in which the co-ligands bound through the amine and the carboxylate groups. Molecular structure for the complexes have been optimised by CS Chem 3D Ultra Molecular Modelling and Analysis Program and supported six coordinate geometry.


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Five, Sevene Heterocyclic Membered Rings
تحضير وتشخيص مركبات غير متجانسة خماسية وسباعية .

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Abstract

New compounds containing heterocyclic units have been synthesized. These compounds include 2-amino 5- phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole (1) as starting material to prepare the Schiff bases 2N[3-nitrobenzylidene -2 hydroxy benzylidene and 4-N,N-dimethyl aminobenzylidene] -5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole (2abc) , 2N[3-nitrophenyl, 2-hydroxyphenyl or 4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl] 3-]2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole]-2,3-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepine-benzo-4,7-dione] (3abc), 2N[3-nitrophenyl,2-hydroxyphenyl,4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl]-3-[2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-yl]-2,3-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepine-4,7-dione[(4abc), 2-N-[3-nitrophenyl, 2-hydroxyphenyl or 4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl]-3-[2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2yl]-1,2,3-trihydro-benzo-[1,2-e][1,3] diazepine-4,7-dione (5abc) ,2N[2-(3-nitrophenyl,2-hydroxyphenyl or 4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl)]-4-oxo-1,3-thiazolidine-3-yl]-2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole (6abc), 2-N-[5-(3-nitrophenyl,2-hydroxyphenyl or 4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl)-tetrazolo-1-yl]-2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole (7abc) , 2-N-[5-(3-nitrophenyl,2-hydroxyphenyl or 4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl)-3-[2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-yl]-2,3-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepine-benzo-4,7-dithione (8abc) , 2-N-[5-(3-nitrophenyl,2-hydroxyphenyl or 4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl)-3-[2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-yl]-2,3-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepine -4,7-dithione -5-ene (9abc) and 2-N-[5-(3-nitrophenyl,2-hydroxyphenyl or 4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl)-3-[2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-yl] -1,2,3-trihydro-benzo-[1,2-e][1,3] diazepine -4,7-dithione - (10abc) . the structures of these compounds were characterized by FT-IR, 1H,13C-NMR,Uv/vis spectroscopy and the melting points were determined besides the evaluation of its biological activity.


Article
Synthesis and characterization of some heterocyclic including oxazoles,Thiazoles, Pyridazines, phthalizines and Pyrazoles with evaluating of biological activity.
تحضير وتشخيص بعض المركبات الغيرمتجانسة وتشمل الاوكسازول والثايازول والبيريدازين والفثالزين والبايرازول وتقييم الفعالية الحيوية.

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Abstract

A series of new compounds including p-bromo methyl pheno acetate [2]. N-( aminocarbonyl)–p-bromo pheno acetamide [3] , N-( aminothioyl) -p-bromo phenoacetyl amide [4], N-[4-(p-di phenyl)-1,3-oxazol-2-yl]-p-bromopheno acetamide [5],N-[4-p-di phenyl]-1,3-thiazol-2-yl-p-bromo phenoacet amide [6], p-bromopheno acetic acid hydrazide [7] , 1-N-(p-bromo pheno acetyl)-1,2-dihydro-pyridazin-3,6- dione [8], 1-N-(p-bromo pheno acetyl)-1,2-dihydro-phthalazin-3,8- dione[ 9], 1-(p-bromo pheno acetyl)-3-methylpyrazol-5-one [10] and 1-(p-bromo phenol acetyl)- 3,5-dimethyl pyrazole [11] have been synthesized. The prepared compounds were characterized by m.p.,FT-IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. Also ,the biological activity was evaluated .


Article
Fire retardancy characteristics of polymeric composite materials
صفات تثبيط اللهب للمواد المركبة البوليميرية

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Abstract

Fire retardancy characteristics of polymeric composite material reinforced by fibers using coating by a fire retardant layer represent antimony tetroxide was studied. A coating layer (4mm) thickness from antimony tetroxide was used as a surface layer to react and prevent spread of flame on surface of epoxy resin reinforced by carbon – Kevlar fibers and exposed this coating layer to direct flame generated from oxyacetylene flame with different exposure distances (10,15,20mm) and study how it can protect the substrate . The experimental results showed that a great increment in thermal resistance and flame retardancy after coating by antimony tetroxide as well as rising flame resistance increased exposure distances to flame. .


Article
Induction of antioxidant enzymes in wheat (Triticum spp.) grown under salt stress
حث الأنزيمات المضادة للأكسدة في الحنطة النامية تحت الاجهاد الملحي

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Abstract

A pot culture experiment was conducted at the greenhouse of soil and water resources department in College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad in Abo-Ghraib at season 2009-2010 to investigate the effects of using foliar application of some macro and micronutrients in induce antioxidant enzymes in wheat grown under salt stress . Doar85 planted under three levels of salt stress, and three combinations of foliar application were used from nutrients (K+ Ca) at 3000 and 1500 mg.L-1 respectively, and (Fe + Zn + Mn) at 30, 20, and 10 mg.L-1 respectively , and ( K+ Ca) + (Fe+ Zn + Mn). The results showed that increasing levels of sodium chloride in the irrigation of water significantly increased at p<0.05 level SOD and POD activity ,while CAT activity was decreased in leaves of wheat, and dry matter yield of wheat plants. The results obtained showed that there was significant differences at p<0.05 level between wheat cultivars in their responses to salt stress. Also the results showed that application of foliar fertilizers led to significant decrease at p<0.05 level in SOD and CAT activity in leaves in all levels of sodium chloride compare with control, while CAT activity was increased. Results revealed that combination of ( K+ Ca) + (Fe+ Zn + Mn) was significantly superior to other treatments for all Parameters, when irrigated with saline water of 50 and 100 mM NaCl . L-1 compared with no foliar fertilizers . That is clearly show the importance of foliar application in justification and induction of antioxidant enzymes and alleviation of the adverse effect of salt stress on growth of wheat .


Article
Purification and Characterization of Endoglucanase from local isolate of Aspergillus flavus
تنقية وتوصيف إنزيم Endoglucanase من العزلة المحلية Aspergillus flavus

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Abstract

Endoglucanase produced from Aspergillus flavus was purified by several steps including precipitation with 25 % ammonium sulphate followed by Ion –exchange chromatography, the obtained specific activity was 377.35 U/ mg protein, with a yield of 51.32 % .This step was followed by gel filtration chromatography (Sepharose -6B), when a value of specific activity was 400 U/ mg protein, with a yield of 48 %. Certain properties of this purified enzyme were investigated, the optimum pH of activity was 7 and the pH of its stability was 4.5, while the temperature stability was 40 °C for 60 min. The enzyme retained 100% of its original activity after incubation at 40 °C for 60 min; the optimum temperature for enzyme activity was 40 °C.


Article
Effect of Polyherbs-Mixture Composed of Nigella sativa, Trigonella foenum - graceum, Cyperus rotundus and Teucrium polium on the Levels of Malondialdehyde and Glutathione for Diabetic Patients Type II
دراسة تأثير الخلطة العشبية المتكونة من الحبة السوداء والحلبة والسعد والجعدة في مستوى المالوندايالديهايد والكلوتاثيون لدى مرضى داء السكر النوع الثاني

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Abstract

This study included estimation of glutathione (GSH) and Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in the serum of diabetic patients type II who are treated with a polyherbs mixture (Nigella sativa, Trigonella foenum-graeum, Cyperus rotundus and Teucrium polium) for three months of treatments. Seventy samples of diabetic patients Type II male and females with age about (35-60) years were taken including 44 samples for group one (24 male, 20 female) who used herbs accompanied with chemical treatment (drugs) and 26 samples for the second group (13male and 13 female) who used herbs only. These groups were compared with 60 samples obtained from healthy persons (29 male, 31 female) at the same age of patients as a control group. Effect of age and treatment for two groups (first and second) of diabetic patients were studied before treatment and after three months treated with polyherbs and chemical treatment (antidiabetic drugs) for first group of patients and polyherbs mixture only for second group of patients. Also these effects were checked for two groups after stop the treatment for one month later. The results were shown that there is an increase in the level of MDA in the serum of diabetic patients then decreased of its value after treatment with polyherbs mixture for three months 1st, 2nd, 3rd, compared to control at deferent rang .When stopping of polyherbs mixture treatment for both groups of diabetic patients, there is an increase in the level of MDA than the level of it before stop treatment. At the same time, the results were showed decrease in the level of GSH in serum for both groups of diabetic patients at different range of age before treatment with polyherbs mixture compared to control group. But when treatment takes place for three months, there is an increase in the level of this parameter GSH and after one month of stop treatment, the level of glutathione was more decreased than the result before stop this treatment at the same range of ages. On the other hand, the results showed a significant increase of free radicals during the measurement of MDA level and a decrease of antioxidants such as glutathione of diabetic type II patients compared to the control group (Healthy persons). The research also included study the effect of the other factors such as duration of disease state, glucose concentration, other diseases, body mass index (obesity) and smoking on lipid per oxidation and antioxidants for diabetic patients with who treated before and after treatment at different intervals of time polyherbs mixture . It was observed that there is a significant increase in the level of MDA and blood glucose and not significant in BMI as increasing the time duration of diabetes, but there is no any effect was observed for the effect of sex, smoking in these two groups of patients.


Article
Derivative Zero - Crossing Spectrophotometry Of Binary Mixtures Of Acetyl Acetonates Of Micro – Amounts Of Mn (Ii) And Al (Iii).
التعيين الطيفي الاشتقاقي التقاطعي الصفري الدقيق لمزيجات ثنائية من استيل اسيتونات المنغنيز(II) والالمنيوم (III)

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Abstract

New derivative molecular absorption spectrophotometric methods have been developed for the determination of Al (III) , Mn (II) , individually and binary mixtures . The aim of this model of study is to obtain analytical results characterized by adequate standard of analytical figures of merits through application of derivative Spectrophotometry (dnA/dλn). The two metals acetyl acetonates are chemically stable and are widely used as catalysts . Where Interferences are probable due to very close or nearby peaks or Summits, the Zero – Crossing derivative measurement technique is used to avoid interfering effects between two metals pairs.


Article
Isolation of some active materials and aqueous, alcoholic and oil seed extracts of the plant (Curcuma longa (and study Antibacterial and anticancer activity
الاستخلاص المائي والكحولي والزيتي من نبات الكركم (Curcuma longa) ودراسة فعاليتها ضد البكتريا والأورام السرطانية

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This study included isolation of some active materials from Curcuma longa such as tannins, saponins and volatile oils with percentage of 59%, 31%, and 9% respectively. Also the study included the determination of minerals in Curcuma longa such as " Na, Ca and K" using Flame photometer. The concentrations of these minerals were (14 ppm),(10 ppm) and )76 ppm) respectively. The anti-bacterial activity study was performed for the active materials isolated from Curcuma longa against two genus of pathogenic bacteria, Escherichia Coli and Staphylococcus aurous by using agar-well diffusion method. It appeared from this study that all of the extraction have inhibitory effect on bacteria was used. The inhibition zone diameter varies with the type of active compound, its concentration and the types of bacteria. The results obtained were analyzed statistically way (one way ANOVA) she stated results that alcoholic extract warm has had the greatest influence on the ratio of the number of cells developing and the effect was significantly (P <0.05) and other effects of extracts inhibited the growth of transformed cells. Initial assessment has been made of aqueous extracts and alcoholic turmeric donors and who suffer from skin problems


Article
Study Analytical of The Effect Magnesium ion Concentration to Determination the Total Hardness And Comparison Spectrophotometry
دراسة تحليلية لتأثير تركيز ايون المغنسيوم في تقدير العسرة الكلية في المياه ومقارنتها طيفيا

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Abstract

The determination hardness in water raised to rivers caused several problem in the validity of the water used depends on where determination ions concentration calcium and magnesium in salts carbonate and sulfate , this possibility of separation between of these ions and the resulting impact on concentration and determination the degree of hardness water and appreciation between the insolvent water quality . It study the effect of the impact of concentration magnesium ion in determination the quality of the water has turned out to be Mg concentration more than 60% of the total content of hardness is borderline in hardness effect the determination. Adopted in this research determination the ions in two method titration by EDTA solution and using indicators Murexide ,Erochrom Black T and comparison the results by used spectrophotometer method Atomic absorbance method (AAS) . The results showed the accuracy of the colorimetric method by titration chemistry more than spectrophotometer method and magnesium ion maximum effect when present in higher concentration have an effect on the quality and specification of the water and made it change the degree of hardness to another


Article
Spectrophotometric Determination of Bismuth(III) with 4-(2-pyridylazo) Resorcinol-Application to Waters and Veterinary Preparation
التقدير الطيفي للبزموث (III) باستعمال الكاشف بريديل ازو ريزوسينول - تطبيق في نماذج مائية وفي مستحضر بيطري

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This paper describes the development of a simple spectrophotometric determination of bismuth III with 4-(2-pyridylazo) resorcinol (PAR) in aqueous solution in the presence of cetypyridinium chloride surfactant at pH 5 which exhibits maximum absorption at 532 nm. Beer's law is obeyed over the range 5-200 µg/25 mL. i.e. 0.2-8 ppm with a molar absorptivity of 3×104 l.mol-1.cm-1 and Sandell's sensitivity index of 0.0069 µg.cm-2. The method has been applied successfully in the determination of Bi (III) in waters and veterinary preparation.


Article
Biochemical Study of Gonad Hormones in Sera of Iraqi Patients with Thyroid Disorder
دراسة كيمياحياتية لهرمونات المناسل فى امصال المرضى العراقيين بخلل الدرقية

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the alteration in levels of gonado trophins hormones i.e.,Leutizing (LH),Follicular(FSH) in sera of patients with thyroid disorders and molecular binding study of (LH ,FSH) with their antibodies The study was conducted at the specialized center for endocrinology and diabetes from January / 2009 to March / 2010.Two hundreds and twenty three Iraqi subjects, 109 patients with thyroid disorders at age range between (40-50) years and 114 healthy individuals as control group were included in this study. The majority of patients were female with hyperthyroidism and (49.54 % ) were at age range between(40 - 50) years. The levels of hormones(LH,FSH.tri iodothyronine(T3).thyroxine(T4), thyroid stimulating hormoneTSH) were measured by using Enzyme Linked Flourscent Assay( ELFA, while residual studies used Immuno Raido Metric Assay(IRMA) method only. It was found that production of TSH was increased with about (15-20) fold in hyperthyroidism over that in control.Sixty percent of patients with hyperthyroidism were underweight BMI≤20.0 (kg/m2) while (44.5%) of patients with hypothyroidism were overweight BMI( 25.0-29.9)kg/m2 . The mean level of LH and FSH had increased significantly (p<0.01) in patients with hyperthyroidism and in females more than in males compared to control group. In contrast , for hypothyroidism the level of LH& FSH were decreased significantly (p<0.01) It can be concluded that patients with hypo and hyper thyroidism would altered their serum LH&FSH levels in female more than in male due to the effects of T3 and T4 on pituitary secretions

Keywords

Gonadal Hormones --- LH --- FSH --- Thyroid Disorder


Article
Comparison study of Interleukin-1 alpha between Unstable Angina and Acute Myocardial Infarction patients
مقارنة مستوى IL-1 α بين مرضى الذبحة الصدرية و مرضى الاحتشاء القلبي

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Multiple studies support a role for inflammation in the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis and unstable cardiac syndromes. However, of the known pro-inflammatory cytokines, only elevated plasma levels of interleukin-6(IL-6) have been linked to Unstable Angina. We sought to examine the plasma levels of other major proinflammatory cytokines in similar clinical settings patients with unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction and the relationship extent between them. This study aimed to investigate and compare the level of IL-1 in Unstable Angina and Acute Myocardial Infarction patients. Thirty patients with unstable angina and thirty patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction, also thirty healthy individual as control were included in this study to measure the levels of IL-1alpha, lipid profile and Body Mass Index. There was a significant increase in the level of IL-1 α in patients with acute myocardial infarction or with unstable angina compared with control group. IL-1 α positively correlated with total cholesterol, triglycerides, Low Density Lipoprotein and Very Low Density Lipoprotein, while there was a negative correlation with High Density Lipoprotein. In conclusionInterleukin-1 α significantly increases in patients with acute myocardial infarction or with unstable angina. There was no significant difference in level of IL-1α between AMI and unstable angina patients.


Article
Antioxidant and free radical scavenging effects of Iraqi sumac ( Rhus coriaria L)
تأثير بذور نبات السماق العراقي كمضاد أكسدة وكاسح للجذور الحرة

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This study was carried out to evaluate the antioxidant activity of Iraqi sumac seeds (Rhus coriaria. L) (Anacardiaceae). Total phenolic compounds and flavoniods were determined in three different sumac seed extracts (SSE) (aqueous,ethanolic and methanolic extract). For extraction Antioxidant activity of SSE were evaluated by various antioxidant assays, including total antioxidant capacity, reducing power,by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, nitric oxide scavenging, Hydroxyl radical scavenging, and metal ion chelating activities. These various antioxidant activities were compared with ascorbic acid as a standard antioxidant. The results showed that the three(SSE), contained large amounts of phenolic and flavoniods compounds. The results also showed that the three( SSEs ) have antioxidant activities , the methanolic (SSEs) contain larger amounts of phenolic and flavoniod compounds and have a higher antioxidant activities than that of aqueous or ethanolic (SSE). These results indicated that Iraqi aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Iraqi sumac in especial methanolic) SSE( are good scavengers for reactive oxygen species(ROS) and are a potential source of natural antioxidant, that may be used in pharmaceutical or food industry .


Article
Assessment of Salivary and Serum Proteins in Patients with Oral Tumors
تقييم البروتينات في مصل و لعاب المرضى المصابين بأورام الفم

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The qualified subjects for this study included 33 patients with benign and malignant oral tumors aged 15-75 years and 31 matched age and gender healthy subjects used as control. Proteins measurements included total protein, albumin, globulines in sera and saliva samples, and immunoglobulins (IgG, IgM, IgA) in sera samples of control and patients. Meanwhile, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) was used to differentiate between protein patterns in both serum and saliva samples among the studied groups. The gel was also stained for glycoprotein to evaluate as well the changes in glycoprotein contents. For total protein, the results revealed a signifigant increase (P≤0.01) in both samples (serum and saliva) of patient group. Albumin concentration shows presence of a high significant decrease (P=0.001) in sera samples but a significant increase (P<0.05) in saliva of the patients group in comparison to that of control group. Immunoglobulins concentrations also show significant increase in patients group in comparison to control group. This study aimed to estimate salivary and serum proteins in oral cancer patients and in healthy control group to evaluate their role in diagnosis and prognosis of oral cancer


Article
Determination of Testosterone level as predictor for insulin resistance in young men with family history of type2 diabetes and hypertension.
هرمون التيستوستيرون يتنبا بمقاومه الانسولين لدى الرجال الذين لديهم تاريخ عائلي لمرض السكري وارتفاع ضغط الدم

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Background: Insulin resistance is associated with metabolic syndrome , type 2 diabetes and representing a risk factor for cardiovascular disease . This relationship may be modulated to some extent by age related changes in sex hormone status.. In particular, reduced total testosterone (TT) levels have been associated with insulin resistance and subsequent risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Aim of study: we examined whether low total testosterone level were associated with insulin resistance in young adult men. Methods: a total of 83 men (young adult men) divided into 2 group : (group1 ) 49 men with a risk factor for insulin resistance(with a family history of type2 diabetes and hypertension) and (group2) 34 men without any risk factor aged (20-40) years. Age, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were measured. Early morning, they were assayed for total testosterone, and insulin levels. Insulin resistance was assessed using a homeostatic model (HOMA-IR). Results: Total testosterone, declined progressively across increasing quintiles of HOMA-IR as a mean of(4.49±1.87) ng/ml in group1 compared mean (7.82±2.21) ng/ml in group 2 and correlated inversely with HOMA-IR( r = -0.424 , p = 002) also with insulin (r= -0.541) (p< 0.0001) in group1 . Total testosterone correlated inversely with BMI (r=-0.471 , p=0.001) in group1. There is a significant positive correlation between HOMA- IR of group1 and BMI (r= 0.472) (p<0.001), insulin levels (r=0.698) (p<0.0001) . Conclusions: In young adult men, lower total testosterone is associated with insulin resistance.


Article
In Vitro Study of MefenamateStarch as Drug Delivery System
دراسة حيوية لبوليمر المفيناميت – النشا كنظام دوائي جديد

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Mefenamic acid was esterified with starchwith[1:1] Molar ratio, as drug substituted with natural polymer, to prolongthe period of hydrolysis of drug polymer with other advantages. The new prodrug starch was characterized by FT-IR and UV-Visible and 1H-NMR spectroscopies. The physical properties were studied and controlled drug release was studied in different pH values at 37oC. The stability of drug was carried out by measuring the absorbance of mefenamic starch which hydrolyzed in HCl solution of pH 1.1 (artificial gastric fluid) and phosphate buffer of pH 7.4 (simulating intestinal fluid SIF) at 37oC for several days. The thermal analysis such as DSC was studied.


Article
Spectrophotometric method for the determination of Captopril in pharmaceutical formulations
طريقة طيفية لتقدير الكابوتريل في المستحضرات الدوائية

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A simple, rapid and sensitive spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of captopril in aqueous solution. The method is based on reaction of captopril with 2,3-dichloro 1,4- naphthoquinon(Dichlone) in neutral medium to form a stable yellow colored product which shows maximum absorption at 347 nm with molar absorptivity of 5.6 ×103 L.mole-1. cm-1. The proposed method is applied successfully for determination of captopril in commercial pharmaceutical tablets.


Article
Spectrophotometric determination of cefixime by charge transfer complex formation
التقدير الطيفي للسيفيكسيم بواسطة معقدات انتقال الشحنة

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Simple, sensitive and economical spectrophotometric methods have been developed for the determination of cefixime in pure form. This method is based on the reaction of cefixime as n-electron donor with chloranil to give highly colored complex in ethanol which is absorb maximally at 550 nm. Beer's law is obeyed in the concentration ranges 5-250 µg ml-1 with high apparent molar absorptivities of 1.52×103 L.mole-1. cm-1.


Article
Synthesis ,spectroscopic study of Antipyryl azo 2-Naphthol and use it as new reagent for determination of Co(II) and Cu(II)
تخليق ودراسة طيفية للمركب Antipyryl azo 2-Naphtholواستخدامه ككاشف جديد لتحديد ايونات Cu(II)و Co(II)

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A simple ,accurate and sensitive spectrophotometric method has been developed the determination of Cobalt(II) and Cupper (II) .The method is based on the chelation of Co(II) and Cu(II) ions with 4-(4´-pyrazolon azo) -2-Naphthol(APAN) in aqueous medium . The complexes have a maximum absorption at (513) and (506) nm and Ԑ max 0.531×10 4 and 0.12×10 5 L.mol -1.cm -1 for Co(II) and Cu(II) respectively .The reagent and two complexes have been prepared in ethanolic solution.The stoichiometry of both complexes were found to be 1:2 (metal :legend) .The effects of various cations and anions on Co(II) and Cu(II) determination have been investigated .The stability constants and standard deviations for Co(II) and Cu(II) 0.291 x107 ,0.909X108 L.mol -1 ,(0.291) and (0.332) respectively .The optimum condition for full color development for described methods were applied satisfactorily to synthetic samples.


Article
Spectrophotometric Determination of Bismuth(III) with Arsenazo(III) Reagent in Water samples and Veterinary Preparation
التقدير الطيفي للبزموث مع الكاشف ارسين آزو III) ) في نماذج مائية ومستحضر بيطري

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A simple , sensitive and accurate spectrophotometric method for the trace determination of bismuth (III) has been developed .This method is based on the reaction of bismuth (III) with arsenazo(III) in acid solution (pH=1.9) to form a blue water soluble complex which exhibits maximum absorption at 612nm .Beer's law is obeyed over the concentration range of 2-85 g bismuth (III) in a final volume of 20 mL( i.e. 0.1 – 4.25g.mL-1) with a correlation coefficient of (0.9981) and molar absorptivity 1.9×104 L.mol-1.cm-1 . The limit of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) are 0.0633 and 0.0847 g.mL-1 , respectively . Under optimum conditions,the stoichiometry of the reaction between bismuth (III) and arsenazo(III) reagent was found to be 1:2. The recoveries were obtained in the range of 98.9 - 100.0% and a relative standard deviation of ±0.59 to ±2.73% depending on the concentration level of bismuth. The effect of interferences by a number of common cations and anions in the presence of composite mixture has been studied .The proposed method has been applied successfully for determination of bismuth in water samples and veterinary preparation .


Article
Solvent Extraction And Spectrophotomteric Determination Of Cu(Ii) With Dicyclohexyl - 18- Crown-6
الاستخلاص المذيبي للنحاس بوساطه داي سايكلو هيكسيل -18-كراون-6وتعينه بتقنية المطيافيه الضوئيه

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Abstract

Liquid-Liquid Extraction of Cu(II) ion in aqueous solution by dicyclohexyl-18-crown-6 as extractant in dichloroethane was studied .The extraction efficiency was investigated by a spectrophometric method. The reagent form a coloured complex which has been a quantitatively extracted at pH 6.3. The method obeys Beer`s law over range from (2.5-22.5) ppm with the correlation coefficient of 0.9989. The molar absorptivity the stoichiometry of extracted complex is found to be 1:2. the proposed method is very sensitive and selective.


Article
A sensitive spectrophotometric determination of tadalafil in pharmaceutical preparations and industrial wastewater samples
التقدير الطيفي للتدالافيل في المستحضرات الصيدلانية والمياه الصناعية المطروحة

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Abstract

A simple, accurate, precise, rapid, economical and a high sensitive spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of tadalafil in pharmaceutical preparations and industrial wastewater samples, which shows a maximum absorbance at 204 nm in 1:1 ethanol-water. Beer's law was obeyed in the range of 1-7μg/ mL ,with molar absorptivity and Sandell ҆ s sensitivity of 0.783x105l/mol.cm and 4.97 ng/cm2respectively, relative standard deviation of the method was less than 1.7%, and accuracy (average recovery %) was 100 ± 0. 13. The limits of detection and quantitation are 0.18 and 0.54 µg .ml-1, respectively. The method was successfully applied to the determination of tadalafil in some pharmaceutical formulations (tablets) and industrial wastewater samples. The proposed method was validated by sensitivity and precision which proves suitability for the routine analysis of tadalafil in true samples.


Article
High performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of guaifenesin in pharmaceutical syrups and in environmental samples
تقدير الكوافنسين بطريقة كروماتوغرافيا السائل ذات الاداء العالي في مستحضرات الشراب وفي المياه الصناعية المطروحة

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Abstract

A simple, precise, rapid, and accurate reversed – phase high performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed for the determination of guaifenesin in pure from pharmaceutical formulations.andindustrial effluent. Chromatography was carried out on supelco L7 reversed- phase column (25cm × 4.6mm), 5 microns, using a mixture of methanol –acetonitrile-water: (80: 10 :10 v/v/v) as a mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 ml.min-1. Detection was performed at 254nm at ambient temperature. The retention time for guaifenesin was found 2.4 minutes. The calibration curve was linear (r= 0.9998) over a concentration range from 0.08 to 0.8mg/ml. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification ( LOQ) were found 6µg/ml and 18µg/ml respectively. The method was validated for its linearity, precision and accuracy .The proposed method was successfully applied for the determination of guaifenesin in syrups and industrial effluent samples.


Article
Adsorption of Hydrogen Sulphide on the Zeolite type A Synthezied from Iraqi Kaoline
امتزاز غاز كبريتيد الهيدروجين على ثلاثة انواع من الزيولايت نوع A محضرة من الكاؤولين العراقي

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Abstract

Three types of zeolite A were prepared from Iraqi kaoline which are 3A, 4A and 5A by ion exchange method .They were characterized by XRD and atomic absorption techniques .They were used as adsorbents to examine their applicability for H2S adsorption .The adsorption process was performed in a static form and constant volume system which constructed from stainless steel .The effect of zeolite type and temperature on the adsorption properties of H2S at -5 , 25 and 55 oC was studied .The zeolite type 5A has the highest adsorption value (79.384 µmol/g ) and the three types may be arranged in a sequence toward H2S adsorption as 5 A> 4A>3A .The amount of H2S adsorbed increased as temperature decreased from 55 to -5 for all samples. Langmuir , Frendlich and Toth isotherm equations model were applied for the adsorption data in order to determine the affinity and the heterogeneity of the three adsorbents. The heterogeneity parameters of the model equation applied indicated that 5A sample was more heterogeneous compared to other zeolite types.

Keywords

Adsorption --- Zeolite --- H2S --- Iraqi --- Kaoline.


Article
Determination The Effect of ZnO on Iraqi Bentonite Surface Properties
تعيين تأثير اوكسيد الخارصين على خواص سطح البنتوبايت العراقي

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Abstract

Bentonite is widely used in industrial applications. The present study reports the effect of adding different weights of ZnO to the Iraqi bentonite, on surface area, pore volume and real density. These surface properties were evaluated for pure and modified bentonite. The modification was made by adding different ZnO weights such as; ( 0.5%, 1%, 5%, 10% ). The effect of heat exposing for all modified clay samples at 500 οC have been also evaluated. The results show that the addition of 0.5% ZnO leads to increase the surface area percentage about 36%, increase pore volume percentage about 5.48% and increase the real density percentage about 27.116%. When the samples exposed to 500 οC, their surface area and pore volumes have been decreased and the real density increased in compared with non-heat exposed samples.


Article
Comparing Study of The Stability and spectral properties vibrations for some Tellurium (IV) compounds containing cycloctadienyl group by Quantum Mechanical Calculations
دراسة مقارنه لاستقراريه الطيف في المواصفات الاهتزازيه لبعض مركبات التلوريوم (17) المحتويه على مجموعه السايكلواوكتاداينيل بوساطه حسابات كيمياء الكم

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Abstract

Density Functional Theory (DFT) with B3LYP hybrid exchange-correlation functional and 3-21G basis set and semi-empirical methods (PM3) were used to calculate the energies (total energy, binding energy (Eb), molecular orbital energy (EHOMO-ELUMO), heat of formation (∆Hf)) and vibrational spectra for some Tellurium (IV) compounds containing cycloctadienyl group which can use as ligands with some transition metals or essential metals of periodic table at optimized geometrical structures.


Article
CMC Determination and Thermodynamic Micellisation Of NPE Surfactant In Aqueous And CH3OH – H2O Solvents
ايجاد تركيز المسيل الحرج وثرموداينمك عملية تكوين المسيل للمادة الفعالة سطحيا Nonyl Phenol Ethoxylate في المذيب المائي ومزيج ماء وميثانول.

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Abstract

The critical micelle concentration (CMC) of nonylphenolethoxylate (NPE) surfactant has been determined by measuring the surface tension as a function of the molar concentration of the surfactant in aqueous and binary mixture of water + methanol solutions at a temperature range from 20˚C to 35˚C. The interfacial parameters Γmax, Amin, Πcmc and ΔG˚ads were calculated. The results indicate that the CMC increases as the temperature increases and that the addition of methanol the CMC decreases. The thermodynamic parameters such as standard Gibbs free energy (ΔG˚), enthalpy (ΔH˚), and entropy (ΔS˚) of micellization were estimated using the change of CMC with temperature. The enthalpy – entropy compensation behavior of the surfactant was evaluated and a good linearity in the compensation plot has been observed.


Article
Flammability action of tires material after adding flame inhibitor
فعل قابلية الإشتعال لمادة الإطارات بعد إضافة مثبط للهب

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Abstract

Magnesium hydroxide was used as flame inhibitor to increased flame resistance for tires .Magnesium hydroxide was adding with (5%,10%) weight percents to rubber master batch of tire and then exposed the resulting material to a flame generated from gas torch with (10 mm) exposure distance . Method of measuring the surface temperature opposite to the flame was used to determine the heat transferred through tire material. The results were obtained shows enhanced flame resistance for tire by added magnesium hydroxide and this resistance increased by increasing hydroxide Percentage .


Article
Kinetic Study of the Hydrolysis of synthesized Ibuprofen Ester and its Biological Activity
دراسة حركية التحلل المائي لاستر الايبوبروفين المحضر وفعاليته البايولوجية

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Abstract

It is known that the oral administration of ibuprofen caused an irritation of stomach as a side effect due to its carboxylic moiety. Ibuprofen ester was synthesized by linking the carboxylic moiety of ibuprofen and the hydroxylic group of paracetamol to reduce its side effect. Study the kinetic hydrolysis of prepared ester was examined at different values of physiological pH (1.0, 5.8, 6.4 and 7.4) at 37 ± 0.1 of 1 hour period. Measurements of absorbance were carried out by UV-Visible spectrophotometer to follow the stability of ester, it showed Pseudo first order hydrolysis. The pH- apparent rate profiles of ester was exhibited a good stability at pH 1.0 and pH 5.8. Pharmacological activity in vivo of prepared ester was evaluated in relation to analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity using the acetic acid method and the hind paw oedema inhibition, respectively. Acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin) was used as a reference drug for the above tests. The synthesized ester showed higher analgesic and anti-inflammatory action than aspirin.


Article
Theoretical Study of Thermal Cracking For Acenaphthylene Molecule
دراسة نظرية للتكسر الحراري لجزيئة الاسينفثلين

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Abstract

Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations were carried out to study the thermal cracking for acenaphthylene molecule to estimate the bond energies for breaking C8b-C5a , C5a-C5 , C5-C4 , and C5-H5 bonds as well as the activation energies. It was found that for C8b-C5a , C5-C4 , and C5-H5 reactions it is often possible to identify one pathway for bond breakage through the singlet or triplet states. The atomic charges , dipole moment and nuclear – nuclear repulsion energy supported the breakage bond .Also, it was found that the activation energy value for C5-H5 bond breakage is lower than that required for C8b-C5a , C5a-C5 , C5-C4 bonds which refer to C5-H5 bond in acenaphthylene molecule are weaker than C8b-C5a , C5a-C5 , C5-C4 bonds .It is reasonable to presume that C5-H5 bonds are broken first when a acenaphthylene molecule is exposed to thermal cracking. It seems that the characteristic planarity for the polyaromatic hydrocarbons is an important factor to acquire the molecule structure of the required stability along the reaction path . The trends in the bond energies and the configuration structures are discussed .

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