جدول المحتويات

مجلة العميد

ISSN: 22270345 23119152
الجامعة: ديوان الوقف الشيعي
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة



مجلة فصلية محكمة
تعنى بالأبحاث والدراسات الانسانية
تصدر عن العتبة العباسية المقدسة
صدر العدد الاول مطلع عام 2012 .

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معلومات الاتصال

Mob :+9647719487257
mob :+9647602355555
http://alameedcenter.iq
Email: alameed@alameedcenter.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: 2 العدد: 5

Article
Generalized Conversational Implicature in English and Arabic Religious Texts: A Contrastive Study

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الخلاصة

A generalized conversational implicature (GCI) is an inference generated by a violation of a maxim, a failure to perform a maxim, particularly the first maxim of Quantity on the one hand, and by indirectness conditions, especially those indicative conditionals or disjunctives with non-truth functional grounds on the other (Grice, 1989: 38, 61). As for the generalized conversational implicature, two models, Grice›s and that of الجرجاني , are to be considered for the purpose of comparison between English and Arabic religious texts in the present study. GCI in Arabic is mainly embodied in « المجاز المرسل » (transformational allegory) which الجرجاني propounds under « اللفظ و النظم » (utterance and syntagm). This research aims at: 1. Tracing similarities and differences between English and Arabic as far as the notion of GCI is concerned. 2. Finding a common criterion for the pragmatic analysis of GCI in English and Arabic religious texts. 3. Identifying the indication of GCI in selected religious texts in English and Arabic. It is hypothesized that: 1. Points of accord can be observed between Grice and الجرجاني in their propounding of the generalized conversational implicature. 2. Religious texts carrying generalized conversational implicatures are exposed to be more economic and more effective. 3. Generalized conversational implicatures can lead to purposes of either faviourable or unfaviourable implications. The following are the steps to be followed in the study: 1. Surveying the notion of GCI in English and Arabic. 2. Describing English and Arabic data of generalized conversational implicature, using the models which yield descriptions of either language. 3. Applying the notion of GCI to English and Arabic religious texts selected from The New Testament and the Glorious Qur›an. 4. Investigating the aspects of similarity and difference of this notion in both English and Arabic. The findings of the investigation validate the above hypotheses.


Article
Why Are the Qualifications of the Prophet? Peace be upon him and his progeny
إختصاصات النبي (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) لماذا؟

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الخلاصة

Having reviewed the sacred prophetic chronicle the wise coined in the past or the present day and observed the history of the great prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny) through the rhythm of existence, one takes cognizance of the fact that Mohammed (Peace be upon him and his progeny) comes as the greatest reformer worldwide and takes seizure of the fact that the more time proceeds, the more such a portrait emerges. When mentioning the scientists, he is to be the greatest; when mentioning the messengers and prophets , he is to be the vanguard and the seal. In each niche of his honest life are there morality and sapience, guidance and mercy. So it is time for us to rectify our nation and salvage our people in light of his guidance and reformation: Has not the time arrived For the believers that Their hearts in all humility Should engage in the remembrance Of Allah and the Truth What has been revealed to them. (Hadid Sura, [Iron], Iyat ,16). In the present paper, we do endeavour to reconnoiter all the distinguished qualifications of the prophet to highlight the morality of such traits to be light for us and a minaret people adheres at day and night.


Article
Ethics of the Scientist and Savant in the Speeches of the essenger Peace be upon him and his progeny
آداب العالم والمتعلم في أحاديث الرسول صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم

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الخلاصة

Delving into the speeches of the blessed messenger (Peace be upon him and his progeny) is of sublimity; a believing Muslim , who adores Allah and His messenger and follows suit of his companions ( May Allah be pleased with them) , exerts himself to have such a target. Chiefly, the speeches manipulate science and learning : it is the messenger of Allah who erects the cornerstones of science, strikes the conditions of learning and sets bounds to both the teacher and disciple at many sacred texts of his speeches. It is to declare that we, without measure, exploit the acts of reading the speeches of our benevolent prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny) in science and learning to the extent each ploughs a path in line with his near future process of learning at the will of Him. The study is bifurcated into two chapters ; the first is entitled as Importance of Learning and Education in Islam in which we tackle the ideology of Islam, the niche of Mohammed (Peace be upon him and his progeny), the importance of the sacred speeches [Hadeeth], the rung of science and scientists in Islam and deduction methodology of the Islamic pioneers. Also briefly we do take hold of the most important institutes of education in Islam. Finally we come across both ethics and function of the teacher and the disciple. The second chapter , entitled as Prophetic Speeches about Science and Learning, consists of two sections; the first deals with the advantages of science and learning, the second focuses upon the speeches concerning with the blight of science and scientists of evil. Last but not least , the research paper terminates in a conclusion and recommendation.


Article
Quranic Text between Written and Unwritten Acts
النص القرآني بين المشافهة والكتابة

المؤلفون: Zuheir Ghazi Zahid زهير غازي زاهد
الصفحات: 87-122
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الخلاصة

Though having brilliant vantage points in the personality of the Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him and his progeny), yet it is to find some past and modern recommendation endeavouring, intentionally or unintentionally, to expose some vantage points inequitable to his blessing personality, so the paper takes hold of an important issue in the Mohammedan chronicle ; illiteracy of the blessed messenger Mohammed (Peace be upon him and his progeny) and its reflections on some syndromes of the Quranic text as memorization, recording and orality [unwritten acts] and the way of its delineation. It is to delve into the chronicles , history and some studies for the orientalists to meet the requirements of the study.


Article
Speeches of Knowledge Stylistic Reading
حديث المعرفة قراءة اسلوبية

المؤلفون: Rahman Gharkan رحمن غركان
الصفحات: 123-144
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الخلاصة

The research paper has presented a reading in the speeches of knowledge based on six components; encyclopedia, rhythm, composition, imagery, construction and content. The reading mechanisms are to present the characteristics of the stylistic performance in revealing the prophetic content and its expressions. The reading exerts itself in exposing deductive fields the dictionaries used, the speech mechanisms transpire the content depending mainly upon the imagery. The importance of the construction in the language of communication is related to the expressive prophetic content and the acts of resemblance to have the content without referring explicitly to it. Speech erecting, vertically and horizontally, appertains to the content , a heap of intellectual, emotional and spiritual results coined at a prophetic declaration promulgating universal prophetic content in a poetic poem not delimited to time or place, being universally humanitarian, not addressing a denomination or a nationality, expressing life and how to develop it as it is regarded as more permanent prosperous facts, so the present study takes hold of both the speech policy and how to perform the expressive content.


Article
Analytic Study on the Viewpoints of Orientalists Concerning the Sacred Prophetic Chronicle
دراسة تحليلية لبعض آراء المستشرقين عن السيرة النبوية المطهرة

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الخلاصة

The study is based on the study of the views of some orientalists and their standpoints about the sacred prophetic chronicle via their writings that scrutinize the Glorious Quran and the prophetic chronicle. As a result, the Islamic library grows richer in research papers, workbooks and dictionaries, since there is widespread orientalism paying heed to Arabics and the Islamic studies. Such an act touches the forte points and weak ones in their opinions begetting an unbalanced, sometimes, amalgam that casts dissention among their targets, religiously missionary, devoid of doctrines and concepts. In time , such acts of disparity lead to artworks tantamount to their competence, the competent and the incompetent, or the obstinate and the feeble and the fair objective one.


Article
Globality of the Messenger and the Message as a Substitute for Globalization of the Western Civilization
عالميّة الرسول صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم والرسالة بديل عن عولمة الحضارة الغربية

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الخلاصة

The term "globality" results from the last technological development; nowadays it is defined as the age of globalization presaging a new era of information that gives people a database not available in the past. So a bit of information has been not monopolized to a certain front. Man, with the simplest means, could obtain information about any field at the least time one might expect. The term of globality has been employed to designate certain senses; it surpasses the frontier of locality; the borders of the country and nationality, religion, internationality, as observed by other countries with their evident political parts in the most universal orbit; the world. So globality is a trait one who incarnates becomes a source of benefit to humanity in all respects. The paper exerts itself to pinpoint such great humanitarian aspects our prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him and his progeny) comes through. Consequently, it is of possibility for such globality of the meant personality altogether with the globality of Islam to be a substitute for the American one, as they both incarnate all the sublime doctrines in dealing with all Islamic and non-Islamic nations in respect of all peculiarities and identifications. Such an age renders man into being omnipresent, as it provides him and others with information, so a bit of information tends to be as an industry more than as a product. Such an industry lurks in the American mind whose ambitions are not buried in terms of the fact that America desires to merge culturally, intellectually and principally the whole world into one community emulating the model of such a community and administration with its capitalist strategy and ideology calling for repression, terrorism and violation to the international law and antishemism. Being erected as substitute for globalization, the globality of the messenger (Peace be upon him and his progeny) should receive magnificent efforts, it is to market such a personality to the extremes of the world; in time there should be foundations stemming from the Islamic Mohammedan ideology to buttress such a personality in manifesting all the multidimensional advantages mankind gains when adopting such an ideology and in making it obtainable. Furthermore, it is not to yoke such a personality that takes the brunt of the pains of the miserable and shepherd them to freedom incarnated in utter worship to Allah the Greatest with what circumstances we do endure substantiated the state of deficiency of the adherents in striking a global portrait for the great prophet. In time, they determine to praise such globality devoid of a significant effect on the parts of the world with its trends. Perhaps we do find that they could not confront a violent salvo of the Western accusations and the acts of distortion to the humanitarian niche of the Messenger (Peace be upon him and his progeny).


Article
The Role of Belief and Thought Leaders in Influencing, Changing and Defining the Values of Mohammedan Message through the New Means of Media (Internet as a Nonpareil)
قادة الرأي والفكر ودورهم في التأثير والتغيير والتعريف بقيم الرسالة المحمدية من خلال وسائل الإعلام الجديدة )شبكة الإنترنيت أنموذجا(

المؤلفون: Tariq Thabit طارق ثابت
الصفحات: 201-225
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الخلاصة

The belief and thought leaders take a great part in influencing other to have certain ideas and to guide them to the meant targets. Such leaders, usually, take the initiative in accepting or inclining the new ideas before the adherents do. Essentially, the process of thoughts and principles promulgating depends mainly upon the belief and thought leaders. The masses, by some means or other , are more influenced by them than other knowledge sources and the means of republic communication, they are coordinators between such sources and people. They participate in having, directing and dominating the public opinion in their local community. In part, they vary in the levels intellectual, social and influential , they are as clergymen, orators , preachers , media men, imams, writers and so forth . Yet the leaders of the Islamic thought invade spiritual priority in the heart of the masses and represent a sacred state in their heart. The power of the influence for such leaders depends mainly upon certain factors the paper is to tackle in light of the important role of them. As they are considered as a media duty in our present day to define the doctrines of the Mohammedan message in terms of internet and social communication as a model. The research paper consists of certain viewpoints; first , a general introduction, second, historical background to the phenomena of belief leadership, third, the factors of influencing the Islamic belief leaders, in particular, for the procedures the belief and thought leaders take in dealing with Mohammedan announcement, five, the role of Internet in defining the Mohammedan doctrines, six, the conclusion, the results, bibliography and references.


Article
Sapience Language in Convincing the Listener in the Style of the Prophetic Discourse
لغة الحكمة وإقناع المخاطب في أسلوب الخطاب النبوي

المؤلفون: Janan M. M. Al-`Aqeedi, جنان محمد مهدي العقيدي
الصفحات: 227-255
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الخلاصة

The current paper stems from the fact that the style of the prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny) oration gives much shrifts to the level of intellectuality ranging from a personality with propensity for logics, another for emotion and other for argument and sophistry. In part, the study takes hold of the impact of the variety of the linguistic style on convincing the mind of the listener, and changing his satisfaction in light of the sapience of the Prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny) in his oration and how he convinces the listener. Accordingly, the paper is divided into three sections: the first is entitled as sapience and its evidences between language and the Quranic context to manifest the meaning of the utterance "sapience" in the linguistic dictionaries, and then in the Quranic context. The second is entitled as styles and sapience of the Prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny) in convincing the listener of tracing the styles the prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny) employs to deal with the listeners as they vary and differ from one to another; dialogue style, lenience style, style of the mitigating circumstances of the listener. The last section comes as variety of oration styles and taking care of the listeners in the language of the Prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny) to clarify the style of oration, mindful, emotional, psychological, argumentative and remonstrative and how the variety of the styles influences the listener in matter of satisfaction. Ultimately, the conclusion terminates in the results and there come the bibliography and the references the paper exploits.


Article
Attitude of the Orientalists to the Prophetic Chronicle (Concordant in Form Incongruous in Content)
موقف المستشرقين من السيرة النبوية (تطابق المظهر واختلاف المضمون)

المؤلفون: Qasim Jawad Al-Jezani قاسم جواد الجيزاني
الصفحات: 257-291
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الخلاصة

Orientalism has been a part of civilization conflict between two worlds; the Islamic world in the orbit of religion, values and civilization, and the western world in the orbit of secularity, materiality and modernity. In light of the great impact of Orientalism on the acts of shaping the European standpoints concerning Islam, the western viewpoints come into fore. The personality of the prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him and his progeny) has been considered as rich soil for orientalist writings since the rise of orientalism in European Medieval age. Thus the current paper intends to pinpoint such a vantage point of their artworks depending upon a scientific objective procedure and focusing upon the honest prophetic chronicle viewed in thoughts , opinions and sayings of the orientalists. So it is divided into three sections with an introduction and a preface. In the preface there are famous sayings of the orientalists concerning the early years of the life of the prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny). Then it tackles the sayings of the Orientalists concerning the foster–mother, Haleema Al-Sa`adeia, of the prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny) and the incident of the chest cleavage of the prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny). The third section manipulates the impression of the orientalists concerning the fact that the prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him and his progeny) and his uncle repair to Al-Sham and the fact that Baheiri, a priest, leaks his presence. Ultimately, the conclusion reckons the most important results, bibliography and the references.

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