جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: 11 العدد: 3

Article
السلطة التقديرية للإدارة في المناقصات في القانون العراقي (دراسة مقارنة

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الخلاصة

Administrative authority is estimated if law does not cover it. It can thus conduct in a particular subject in a certain manner. Law grants it the right to take convenient measures and select the suitable time for it and the way it decides. Pertaining to tenders, administration has an estimated authority which gives it the right not to complete a contract; the tender is cancelled and it may not contract any person if it so wills, for public behalf reasons. It can also in some cases deprive some persons or exclude some bids from participation in the tender or even refer the tender to another party. We have discerned, through the research, that deprival is a measure taken against a certain person. It falls on two kinds: penal and protective, whereas elimination concerns a certain bid in a tender. We have also observed that the comparative legislations specify the cases, when it can cancel a tender before it is settled, in two cases:a.If the tender is entirely dispensed with. b. If the public behalf requires the cancellation of the tender. Cancellation may be after it was settled in the following cases: a.It is the sole bid.b. All or most of the bids take precautions.c. When the least bid ascends the estimating value. But the Iraqi Legislature has not specified these cases. We end up to recommend that the Iraqi Legislature give their opinion as it is the case with the Comparative Law to determine the conditions in which administration can abolish tenders or refer them to another party and not to leave it to administration to decide in order to conserve the principle of freedom of discussion at tenders and to keep the integrity of tender procedures. I also recommend reactivating the role of administrative jurisdiction in Iraq so that the judicial surveillance may be the best guarantee against administrative totalism. And I may add my vote to those who have preceded me by recommending that Legislature pass a special act to organize tenders and outbidding

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study the effect of pulse repetition frequency of the shock waves on urinary stones fragmentation

المؤلفون: Ahmed Jumah Mhows --- Raed Mohammed Kadhim --- Zuher Hamadi Hussein
الصفحات: 1-4
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الخلاصة

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a noninvasive treatment option for urolithiasis. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of pulse repetition frequency of shock waves on ESWL efficiency in urinary stones fragmentation. Two hundred patients were included in this study. Their age ranging from 16 to 70 years. They divided into two groups. One of the groups was treated with shock waves at 60 pulse/min. and the other group was treated with shock waves at 90 pulse/min. We found that the shock waves with 60 pulse/min. produced better success rate than the shock waves with 90 pulse/min. With 60 pulse/min. about 69% of the patients were stone free after the first ESWL session and only 56% were stone free after the first session with 90 pulse/min. shock waves.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ LABORATORY STUDY FOR THE EVALUATION OF Azotobacter chroococcum EFFCIENCY IN CHITINASE PRODUCTION AND IT’S ABILITY IN CELL WALL DEGRIDATION OF Rhizoctonia solani THAT CAUSES BLACK ROOT ROT DISEASE OF STRAWBERRY PLANTS
دراسة مختبرية لتقييم كفاءة البكتريا Azotobacter chroococcum في انتاج انزيم الكايتنيز وقابليته في تحليل جدران خلايا الفطر Rhizoctonia solani المسبب لمرض التعفن الأسود لجذور نباتات الشليك

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الخلاصة

The objective of this research is to assess the efficiency of the bacteria Azotobacter chroococcum production of chitinase enzyme and its ability to analyze the cell walls of the fungus Rhizoctonia solani isolated from the roots of strawberry plants that causes black root rot disease of strawberry plants , this is consider as the first records of the fungus R. solani on strawberry in Iraq . The study showed the ability of the A. chroococcum to produce chitinase enzyme through of decomposition zone the colloidal chitin beneath bacterial colonies depth of 0.5 cm and were higher effectiveness of the enzyme in the fourth days of incubation at pH 8 and temperature 25 ˚C on the enzymatic production center when the concentration of the inoculum was5-10 . Studied the antagonism relationship between chitinase and R.solani which shows that the enzyme was able to inhibit the fungus on PDA with the rate of 85.14% compared to the treatment control

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye from Wastewater By Spent Tea Leaves
إمتزاز صبغة المثيلين الازرق من المياة الملوثة باستخدام ورق الشاي المستهلك

المؤلفون: Ihsan Habib Dakhil
الصفحات: 5-14
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الخلاصة

The aim of present work was to investigate the ability adsorption of methylene blue (MB) dye from wastewater using low-cost adsorbent, spent tea leaves (STL), in batch isotherm adsorption technique. The adsorption experiments were carried out under different conditions of initial dye concentration (50-500) mg/l, STL dose (0.05-1) g, pH solution (2-11), and contact time (10-180) min under constant temperature of 30 oC. The results were indicated that the optimum conditions were adsorbent dose was 0.43 g per 100 ml dye solution, pH=7. The equilibrium isotherms have been analyzed using the Langmuir and Freundlich models. The experimental results were best described by the Freundlich isotherm model with maximum monolayer adsorption capacities found to be 62.2 mg/g with the high value of correlation coefficient. The results suggested that STL has high potential 98% to be used as effective adsorbent for MB dye removal.

الكلمات الدلالية

Adsorption --- Spent tea leaves --- Removal --- Methylene blue dye --- Wastewater


Article
EFFECT OF SPRAYING IRON AND ZINC ON SOME YIELD COMPONENTS OF WHEAT (Buhooth 7)
تأثير رش الحديد والزنك في بعض مكونات الحاصل للحنطة بحوث 7

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الخلاصة

To study the effect of different concentrations of iron and zinc on yield component of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Buhooth 7, field experiment was conducted at Agronomy Dept. Field, College of Agric. Baghdad Univ. in a silty clay loam soil, crop requirement of N,P and K fertilizers were added . Iron sulfate and zinc sulfate were sprayed at concentrations of (0, 50, 100) mg.l-1 for both at three stages of plant growth (vegetative growth, Boating and flowering) stages. Randomized complete block design was used with three replicates. Results showed that all concentrations of Fe, Zn and their interactions significantly effect on all parameters of grain yield, the heightens of grains yield of interaction treatment (Fe2 x Zn2) which was (5.88) t.ha-1 as compared with control treatment which produce (4.30) t.ha-1.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Rational valued characters of the Group ( Q2m × C5 ) When m is prime number

المؤلفون: Naseer Rasool Mahmood --- Najah Abed Rahi
الصفحات: 15-28
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الخلاصة

The main purpose of this paper is to find the rational valued characters table of the group ( Q2m × C5 ) , When m is prime number , where Q2m is denoted to Quaternion group , and C5 is the cyclic group of order 5 . In this paper .we find the general form of t the rational valued characters table of the group ( Q2m × C5 ) is the tensor product of the rational valued characters of Q2m and C5

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of Sesbania Seeds partial replacement with Soybean meal on weight gain, microbial content of bowel and some of blood features as well as type of hybrid for broiler
تأثير احلال بذور السيسبان كبديل جزئي محل كسبة فول الصويا ونوع الهجين على الوزن الحي والمحتوى الميكروبي للأمعاء وبعض صفات الدم لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

An experiment has been carried out in broiler house belonging to Karbala Agriculture Directorate from April 2-22 in which 80 chicks (Cobb and Ross) at the age of one day were used distributed randomly on eight treatments (Two times for each treatment including 10 chicks).And according to complete random design C.R.D with an experiment (2×4) to study the effect of Sesbania(Sesbaniaexaltata) seeds partial replacement with soybean meal in a grown diet with percentage of ( 0% , 15%, 30%, 45%) for two hybrids to reveal weight gain , entire microbial content , colon cell bacteria in digestive duct, some blood features (number of red blood cells and white blood cells, P.C.V and H/L ratio are include) for hybrids and percentage of replacement as well as treatments. The results have shown that there were no significant differences regarding the weight gain at the age of 30, 40 days. In addition to the total number of bacteria and colon bacteria in the percentage of replacement, hybrids and treatments .As for blood features at the age of the 24 days. It has been noticed that there were significant differences (P˂ 0.05)in numbers of red blood cells particularly in the percentage of 30%, 45% comparison to 0% ,15% ,but such effect hasn't appeared in hybrids and treatments regarding white blood cells .The percentage (30%, 45%)have surpassed in significant difference (P˂ 0.01) compared with (0%,15%).AS for the hybrid (Ross), on the other hand , there was a significant difference (P˂ 0.05) compared with (Cobb). For the treatments, there weren't any significant differences. The results ,additionally, have shown that there were no significant differences particularly of H/L ration in the percentage of replacement , hybrids and treatments as well .The results have pointed out that P.C.V in the percentage of replacement 30%,45% has more significant (P˂ 0.01) than 0%,15% but there wasn't such a significant difference in hybrids and treatments. The blood feature have continued for being surpassed at the age of 35 days expect for white blood cells in which there was no significant difference in the hybrids and also for P.C.V as noticed that there was no significant differences in the percentage of replacement, hybrids and treatment.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Public prosecutor role infront of international criminal court.
دور الادعاء العام أمام المحكمة الجنائية الدولية

المؤلفون: هاني عبد الله عمران
الصفحات: 17-26
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الخلاصة

This study dealts with one of important equipments which consist of the international criminal court. It is the public prosecutor equipment. This study is divided into two main searches. The first one take the role of public prosecutor in the investigation stage. We saw in it, it is important to take organized form to public prosecutor equipement. Then, we search this equipment from establishment in first request – then, we search the role of public prosecutor in the investigation stage and evidences collect. The second search was specific to search the role of public prosecuitor in the trial stage. The study dealt in this search with public prosecutor role infront of the preliminary office from its role in issued warrant for arrest or prepare in first request and in the second request, we search the role of public prosecutor in front of preliminary office in the accused dependent stage, and the role of public prosecutor in front of primary office during the trial. Even the study cover the subject from all its faces (sides). The study takes the public prosecutor role in judgement rule opponent which was issued from the primary office through the appeal and return the trial .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of foliar nutrition using liberale and humus on growth and yield of Wheat
تأثير التغذية الورقية بالليبرال والهيومس في نمو وحاصل الحنطة

المؤلفون: باسمة عذار عسل
الصفحات: 21-25
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was carried out to study the effect of foliar application adding liberale as a source for ferrous and humus as a source for potassium on growth and yield of wheat variety SABAH. Plants were fertilized with 40 kg N + 40 kg P / ha as a top dressing. Plants were sprayed at fellering growth stage with the following treatment ( No spray ; 7% Fe ; 7% Fe + 8% K ; 14% Fe ; 14% Fe + 8% K ; 21% Fe ; 21% Fe + 8% K and 8% K ). Results showed that excluding leaf number growth traits stem length , flag leaf area and plant dry weight increased with the foliar application of ferrous and potassium ( i.e. 44.7 cm / plant , 51.62 cm2 / plant and 1.90 gm plant respectively ). Where as 7% Fe + 8% K gave the best results. Seed number and 100 seed weight were maximum at 7% Fe + 8% K (i. e. 57.8 grain / spike and 5.17 gm respectively). The application of 14% Fe gave the highest grain and biological yield ( 2.18 and 5.49 ton / ha respectively ). Fertilization with humus resulted in lowest biological yield compared with no foliar treatment.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير الإجهاد التأكسدي المستحث من فرط التدخين على بعض المعايير الكيموحيوية

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الخلاصة

The present study was aimed of studying the effect of oxidative stress induced by smoking overload between two groups in male in smokers on some biochemical parameters . Blood samples were collected from (10) smokers men,which age between (45-60) compared the result with compared control group(10)men,5 ml of veins Blood were obtained from patients and control individuals after 12 hours of fasting. The serum obtained from the blood was used for enzymatic spectrophotometric was estimated from part of the blood which is placed in tube. comprised study measuring the biochemical parameters :, Glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) Glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) , Urea, Uric acid ,Creatinine , Total cholesterol TC, Triglyceride TG ,High density lipoprotein- cholesterol HDL-C ,Low density lipoprotein- cholesterol LDL-C. The result revealed that, increase p<0.05 (GOT) ,(GPT) , activity was found in first group (smokers) Compared with control group. , and a significant increase p<0.05 in Urea level , Uric acid ,Creatinine , Total cholesterol TC, Triglyceride TG. While significant decrease p<0.05 in High density lipoprotein- cholesterol HDL-C in smokers compared control group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
مصطلح قـصيدة النـثـر

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الخلاصة

Term Alntherlas Arab poem, but with origins in the primary to the eighteenth century in France. But since its beginnings mingled other literary terms, that rode alone with the beginning of the twentieth century shows another form of multi hair. And that it reached the Arabs after the translation of the book Susan Bernard (prose poem by Baudelaire to today) at the ends of the fifth decade of the century the same in Lebanon, Egypt, Palestine, and then go to Iraq and other Arab countries accounting for privacy after he was under the influence of the key pillars to him in Europe. Then become open to the terms subordinate to him known as the (text) and (Open Text) and (record) and the other at the end of the seventies and early eighties of the twentieth century in Iraq

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Vinegar Production from Low Cost Iraqi Dates

المؤلفون: Mohammed Hashim Matloob --- Mohammed Basim Hamza
الصفحات: 29-35
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الخلاصة

Low cost 'Khastawi' dates was fermented at 30 ºC for 48 days through spontaneous (without artificial inoculation) and simultaneous unique cycle process according to the overall traditional procedure used in Iraq. The levels of ethanol, acetic acid and total sugar during the production of vinegar were determined by chromatographic, titrimetric and refractometric methods, respectively. The spontaneous fermentation of the clarified juice produced 4.02% (w/v) of acetic acid and 0.176% (w/v) ethanol after 33 days of fermentation. The total soluble sugar of the juice was reduced from 17.80 to 6.44 (w/v), which means that only 63.28% of the total sugars present at the medium were utilized by the spontaneous fermentation processes. These results indicate that 2 kg of low quality dates can yield 5 L of 4% (w/v) acid, which is economically valuable. The industrially manufactured vinegars (except Al Badawi from Iraq) presented minimum acidity of 4.00%, value that is demanded by most international legislation, whereas all artisanally manufactured vinegars, showed lower acid percentage (0.90-3.24% w/v). On the other hand, the majority of both types had alcohol contents between 0.001 and 2.877%. Based on the concept of Al Istihlak (assimilation or consumption) most halal certifying bodies accept small amounts of inherent alcohol.


Article
Studies on hormonal changes after mating in synchronized Awassi ewes
دراسة التغيرات الهرمونية بعد التسفيد في النعاج العواسية موحدة الشبق

المؤلفون: هديل علوان عبد --- هاشم مهدي الربيعي
الصفحات: 35-41
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الخلاصة

The study was conducted in animals farm / department of animal technical production -Al-Musaib Technical College from 1-10-2012 to 1-3-2013. 10 Awassi ewes aged 2-4 years old. Estrus synchronization was done by intravaginal progesterone sponges containing 20 mg of fluorogestone acetate (FGA) for a period of 14 days. The ewes were intramuscular injected with 750 IU of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) at the sponges removal. The ewes were naturally mated with fertile rams (1 ram / 5ewes) . Blood samples were collected weekly from mating day until 10th week through jagular vein puncture. Blood serum separated and stored at -4Cْ until assayed for hormones. The hormones were measured by Enzyme–linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). The results showed the progesterone concentration increased by the first week after mating and remained at high levels until 10th week. The concentration of estrogen were high at mating and then decreased to basal levels during the first 4 weeks and increase gradually from the 5th to the 10th week. The concentration of LH hormone were showed significantly increase during mating day and subsequently decrease to its basal level. The FSH concentration was high during estrus and decreased there after and remained low near the basal levels. The prolactin concentration was showed significantly decreased during first 4 weeks and increase from 5th week .

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Article
Measurement of radium content and radon exhalation rates in soil samples of Al- Hindiyah City
قياس محتوى الراديوم ومعدل انبعاث الرادون في عينات تربة مدينة الهندية

المؤلفون: Abdalsattar Kareem Hashim
الصفحات: 36-43
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الخلاصة

In this work, Effective radium content and radon exhalation rates in soil samples have been measured by using long-term technique for alpha particles emission with solid state nuclear track detectors type CR-39. The soil samples were collected from twenty different places of Al-Hindiyah city of Karbala government, Iraq. The values of effective radium content were found to vary from (0.383 to 2.696) Bq/kg with a mean value of 1.420 Bq/kg and a standard deviation of 0.668. The values of mass exhalation rates of radon vary from (0.308 ×〖10〗^(-7) to 2.168×〖10〗^(-7) ) Bq/kg.day with a mean value 1.141×〖10〗^(-7) Bq/kg.day and standard deviation 0.537×〖10〗^(-7), while the surface exhalation rates of radon vary from (0.961×〖10〗^(-6) to 6.760×〖10〗^(-6)) Bq /m^2.day with a mean value of 3.561×〖10〗^(-6) Bq/m^2.day and standard deviation 1.675×〖10〗^(-6). All the values of radium content in soil samples of study area were found to be quite lower than the permissible value of 370 Bq/kg recommended by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

الكلمات الدلالية

Radium content --- Radon exhalation rates --- CR-39 detectors --- Can technique --- Soil


Article
المعاني المجازية للحروف غيرالعاملة

المؤلفون: سهيلة خطاف عبد الكريم
الصفحات: 38-65
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الخلاصة

The reason not active grammar enriches Arab The passport grammar enriches Arab that many terms used of the word which has no work,including: - (cancellation)) and ((neglect)) and (idle) and (idle) and (Prevention of work) and (padding) (not business). The increase in term of stability may be a specific meaning in the sentence can not be achieved without this meaning (increase), but may be reversed if you do not understand the existence of this excess. - Show that the grammatical rule that the character does not work unless singled out by name, or base verb is inaccurate. The specialist may not work. - Recourse to the letters to the Arabs is working deliberately to the shortcut and here came the letters of inquiry and denial and appeal and compassion on behalf of the Group and said it does not recur. - Arrival of non-factor on the meaning of the apparent such Questions or appeal or other carrying a significant other does not know, but from the context of the sentence after sentence scrutiny has come on the image question is not intended as the real question We learn several things, including a number of meanings or reprehension, nobody or alert listener. The exact time of the act has shown what does not work difference the exact time between two actions (go) and (go) back to a (will) are not working came two searches a Introduction and pave abstract the most important results of the search mechanism and a list of sources and references.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Sesame Oil in some Biochemical test of Liver and some blood Samples in Rabbits male
تأثير زيت السمسم على بعض المعايير الكيموحيوية للكبـد وبعض المعايير الدمية في ذكور الأرانب

المؤلفون: دينا سعدون ذياب
الصفحات: 42-47
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الخلاصة

This study was designed to known the effect of sesame oil in the function of the liver and some blood parameters. Twenty two adult male of Rabbits were divided randomly into two equal groups and treatment for 8 weeks: Control group was given normal drinking and food.While group was treated with sesame oil(1 ml/ kg) by mouth dialy for 8 weeks. Blood samples were taken after 1,3 , 6 , 8 week from experimental period to measure total serum billirubin TSB , alanineaminotransferase ALT , aspartateaminotransferase AST, Alkaline phosphataseALP ,and some blood parameters such as packed cell volumePCV , hemoglobin Hb, take samples from the liver were taken to study histological changes in this organ . The results have shown prominent increase in the TSB , ALP, PCV,Hb,and decrease in ALT, AST and no histological changes were seen in liver cells in the group that was given Sesame oil compared with control group .Conclusion of this study sesame oil played arole to keep good function of liver and some blood elements.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study effects of some parameters on antifungal activity for Streptomyces spp.

المؤلفون: Samer M, Al-Hulu
الصفحات: 44-50
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الخلاصة

Twenty –two soil samples were collected from different places in Hilla city. Four isolates of Streptomyces spp. were isolated. These isolates were tested for antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger . The results showed that Streptomyces2 with high antifungal activity against A. niger with 22 inhibition zone. Streptomyces .2 was selected for study to the parameters which effect on antifungal activity such as( pH, temperature, nitrogen source and carbon source). The results showed that high inhibition zone against test pathogen by using glucose as carbon source and praline as nitrogen source .The optimal pH for antifungal activity was 7.5. Antifungal activity was observed at 30 oC

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Brucite Interlayer Deposition on Mineral Properties of Gypsic Soil at Salah Aldeen Province
أثر ترسيب طبقة البروسايت في الخصائص المعدنية لتربة جبسية في محافظة صلاح الدين

المؤلفون: عباس صبر سروان الوطيفي
الصفحات: 48-60
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الخلاصة

The effect of brucite precipitation on mineral properties,(2:1) clay minerals were investigated. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) indicates that a swelling chlorite mineral is a result of deposit Mg- hydroxyl interlayer (brucite) in montmorillonite along with vermiculite clay minerals. Release Mg ions from different minerals such as dolomite and gypsum, addition to common clay minerals in the study soil such as palygorskite play an important role on it is deposit of the interlayer. Probably the type of the salts in the soil will charge the soil pH to alkaline reaction and the precipitation will be increased. Brucite affected on exchangeable properties, and that is probably due to increasing of soil surface area in association with a decreasing in the CEC. The soil fertility probably will be effected by all these changings

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Artin's characters table of the group (Q2m C2) when m=2h , h ∈ Z+

المؤلفون: Naseer Rasool Mahmood --- Rajaa Hassan Abass
الصفحات: 51-62
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الخلاصة

The main purpose of this paper is to find the general form of Artin's characters table of the group (Q2m C2 ) When m=2h ,h Z+ where Q2m is the Quaternion group of order 4m and C2 is the Cyclic group of order 2 this table depends on Artin's characters table of a quaternion group of order 4m when m=2h , h∈Z+. which is denoted by Ar(Q2h+1 C2 ).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT SELENIUM AND VITAMIN E IN SOME PRODUCTIVE AND BLOOD TRAITS OF BROILER FED ON RANCID OIL DIET
تأثير السيلينيوم وفيتامين E في بعض الصفات الأنتاجية والدمّية لفروج اللحم المغذى على عليقة متزنخة الزيت*

المؤلفون: رياض وناس عناد --- قصي موسى جعفر
الصفحات: 61-73
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الخلاصة

This experiment was carried out at poultry farm which belongs to the animal production technique department, Technical college /Al-Musaiab during the period from 1st April till 12th May 2012, to investigate the effect of addition selenium and vitamin E in some productive and blood traits of broiler fed on rancid oil diet during the period which extended from the 1st to 6th week. A total of 350 one day old chicks were used of unsexed Ross-308 strain, chicks were allocated randomly on 7 equal treatments, 50 chicks for each treatment, each treatment was included two equal replicates, 25 chicks for each one. The treatments were allocated as the following: 1. Control treatment contains onan ordinary oil (non rancid) without any addition on it. 2. Control treatmentadded to itthe selenium at ratio 30 mg/100 kg food. 3.Control treatmentadded to it vitamin E at ratio 3 g/100 kg food. 4.Control treatment contains on a rancid oil instead of the ordinary oil. 5.Control treatment with rancid oil added to itthe selenium at ratio 30 mg/100 kg food. 6.Control treatmentwith rancid oil added to it vitamin E at ratio 3 g/100 kg food. 7.Control treatmentwith rancid oil added to itthe selenium at ratio 30 mg/100 kg food and vitamin E at ratio 3 g/100 kg food. The results were showed highly significant superiority (p<0.01) of all treatments in the current experiment on fourth treatment (rancid oil) in average of live body weight, weight gain, food consumption, food conversion coefficient and percentage ratio for mortality in age 6 weeks. Also the results were showed appearing significant elevation (p<0.05) of all treatments in paked cell volume as compared with treatment of the rancid oil (fourth) on the other hand recorded all of cholesterol concentrate, triglyceride and activity of GOT and GPT enzymes significant declining (p<0.05) in itsvalues in all treatments as compared with fourth treatment(rancid oil).The histologicaldissecting was showed for liver and kidney׳s birds happening severe necrosis in liver cells and consenees with shrinkage of renal glomerulus in fourth treatment, no observed this situation in remain treatments in current study.

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Article
Hybrid Image Segmentation Method Based on Global Thresholding Method and Edge Detection using Canny Operator

المؤلفون: Asia Mahdi Naser Alzubaidi
الصفحات: 63-74
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الخلاصة

This paper presents a hybrid image segmentation technique based on edge detection and global thresholding methods. The segmentation process is simplified and becomes very fast due to applying the proposed method to discontinuous relationship between image pixels called edge pixels instead of whole pixels. Also, Our method is robust for selecting the initial estimate of threshold value depends on the similar relationship between pixels. The proposed method begins by applying edge-based segmentation by splitting the object using canny operator and merging the lines or edge linking using Hough transform. The resulted image will be binary image and represent the object that was separated from its background. Then intensity-based segmentation method is applied by partitioning the image histogram using global thresholding technique. The performance of the proposed method is illustrated using acquired images from a range of different shapes and compared with proposed methods.


Article
الاحتلال المغولي لبغداد (656هـ /1258م) قراءة تحليلية لعوامل انهيار الدولة العباسية

المؤلفون: داود سلمان خلف الزبيدي
الصفحات: 66-77
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الخلاصة

The aim of the study that named ((The occupation of Baghdad by the Mongols year (656AH1258AD) and rewrite analysis the incidents end of the state Abbasid )) as it referred in the head line reading the analysis of the accidents incidents referred to the historical sources according to research Methodology and under the reading light philosophers of history of the events and the facts of those visions that allows the researcher to read the previous events on the reading light for an attempt to know the facts and we saw the history is created blocks comics on human influential place across time and influenced by many factors external self sometimes at other times surroundings by standard of sunan with cosmic situation in Muslims book (The Holy Koran) are many. And the studies end that is the talk as if in many of historian about the direct reason of one factor for the collapse of the state isn't accurate and it needs to re-read .

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Article
Effect ofchemicalfertilizerand foliar spray ofgibberellicacidon mineral element andgibberellin- likesubstances content on someolivecultivars
تأثير التسميد الكيميائي والرش بحامض الجبرليك في محتوى اوراق الزيتون من العناصر المعدنية والمواد الشبيهة بالجبرلينات لصنفين من الزيتون

المؤلفون: مؤيد رجب عبود --- عذراء خيري عبد عون
الصفحات: 74-86
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in olive orchard of Horticulture Department / College of Agriculture / University of Baghdad during two growing seasons of 2011 – 2012 to study effect of spraing with GA3and of compound fertilizer on young trees of two olive cultivars (Nepali and Khudairi) , one handred and eight uniform trees in age and growth were used . Levels of fertilizer (18:18:18) at three levels (0.75,1.25,1.75 Kg/trees) spraingwith GA3(0,250,500 Mg/l) . Treatments at 1.75 hg/tree fertilizer caused significant increase in cocentration of N,P,K and gibberellin-like-substances in leaves . Leaf spry with GA3(500Mg/l)increased significantly of above parameters .Nepali cultivar was significantly superior to Khudairi cultivars in all above parameters.All statistical interactions were significants regarding cultivar, treatment ,and seasons.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Pb(II) REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING ZERO-VALENT IRON AND NANO ZERO-VALENT IRON : COMPARATIVE STUDY
ازالة ايونات الرصاص من المحاليل المائية باستخدام برادة الحديد بحجميها المايكروي والنانوي . دراسة مقارنة

المؤلفون: Salim Hrez Jassam --- Mohsin Jasim Nasir
الصفحات: 75-84
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الخلاصة

This research aim to remove the Pb(II) which is one of the poisonous heavy metal from wastewater by macro zero-valent Iron (mZVI) and nano zero-valent iron (nZVI). Batch experiments were performed to investigate the effect of Pb(II) concentration, mZVI and nZVI weight, pH of solution and reaction time on the removal efficiency of Pb(II) by Fe0 particles. The results showed that up to 98% removal efficiency of Pb(II) obtained by I gm of nZVI at time of 10 min and pH=5. Also, the maximum removal efficiency of Pb(II) was found to be 94% obtained at initial Lead concentration of 10 mg/L and 10 gm of mZVI after 120 min and pH=5. Removal efficiency was enhanced with increasing the weight of macro zero valent-iron and nano zero valent-iron and reaction time, but decreased with increasing of Lead concentration and pH for both nano and micro sized ZVI. Also, the column experiment for removal Pb(II) onto mZVI was used after fixing the best conditions for the removal which that obtained from batch experiments .It was found the removal efficiency using column to be 96% . The ability of nano ZVI to remove Pb(II) is due to a higher surface area and inherent activity.

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Article
Bilateral God / Devil In Shammaofiun poem by the poet Joseph Sayegh An analytical study
ثنائية الإله / الشيطان في قصيدة شمة أفيون للشاعر يوسف الصائغ دراسة تحليلية

المؤلفون: سليمة سلطان نور
الصفحات: 78-95
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الخلاصة

- (Shammaafiun ) poem prose long by ( Joseph Sayegh ) in 1956in Mosul, has been referred to the Group of poems unfit for publication (it has a long poem ( basqaafiun ) in press), published in 1962 in theJournal of hair, after he is Adonis title of , And published in theOffice of the poems, which included the work of ( Joseph Sayegh ) poetic, part of a group left up to the Mount of Olives, pp. 451 - 474. The precursor to the prose poem that is no longer the first thing thatwas said in Arabic prose poem. -Associated with the ideaof God since the hair - and his presence for the first time and did notprejudice the idea of the devil, and associated theme god devil hairsince its existence for the first time in human history, but incontemporary poetry and received symbols and substantive equivalent maskin the text. if( Joseph Sayegh ) had to dealwith thisbased on projections of bilateral practiced on this or thatgod or a demon and according to his Previous knowledge of the poetvisions being a Christian religion with its own beliefs in ChristReflected of this duality in the same creator and left a deep impact. - If the creator has reversed and its impact on bilateral self, he also reverse the position ofbilateral self; as it was his positionin the text of this bilateral varies through a change in position ofthe same, so it was a reflection of put this under the influence ofopium. - The poem is full of contradictory feelings ofdisappointment, anger, disbelief faith and ethics decadence and otherbinaries but mostly revolved within this duality. What draws attentionthat at the end of the text and the proximity of awareness to get rid ofthese bilateral completely prevents the text removed existential purelyIn the last section choose life and reject death imposed on him when hewakes up from slumber that looked like death to end the text liberallymain character in the text of mania and restrictions that had Restrictherand thus emancipation and continue life and insist on them.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study Of Histopathological Effect Of Staphylococcus aureus In Female Albino Mice
دراسة التاثيرات النسيجية المرضية لجرثومة المكورات العنقودية الذهبية Staph aureus في اناث الفئران.

المؤلفون: Zainab.R.Z --- Salema.L.H --- Hana.A.K.
الصفحات: 85-94
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الخلاصة

This experiment was designed to study histopathological changes in internal organs: liver,spleen,heart,lung,kidney,intestine,stomach,pancreas,ovary,uterus,and oviduct of white female mice after ingectable with Staphylococcus aureus dose 1x106 ..Thirty white female mice aged from (one month-two months), and weighted from (25-30) grams, and this study was worked in Pthology departmentcollege of Veterinary MedicineBaghdad University/.The mice were randomely divided into 6equal groups. Group1 ingected intra mammary gland with 1x106 S.aureus & killed after 24 hr.Group2 injected intra mammary with 1x106. S.aureus & killed after48hr. Group 3 injected intra mammary with 1x106. S.aureus & killed after 72 hr. Group 4 injected intra mammary with 1x106 S.aureus & killed after one week. Group 5 injected intra mammary with 1x106. S.aureus & killed after two weeks. Group 6 injected with normal saline along the period of experiment and considered as control group. The histopathological findings for liver, kidney, spleen, stomach, intestine, pancrease, ovary, uterus, mammary gland and oviduct showed infiltration of mononuclear cell with the liver paranchyma &portal area and pancreas interstitial tissue of the kidney with perivascular lymphocytic cuffing &mild degeneration changes represented by acute cellular swelling of hepatocytes and epithelial cell lining .The cortical renal tubules.In addition to sever congestion &dilatation of central vein and sinusoid. In addition to coagulation material in the in the lumen and small abscess in the parenchyma & thrombus. Necrosis of the hepatocyte. Spleen showed lymphoid hyperplasia of white pulp with sever congestion of blood vessels with infiltration of neutrophil in the blood sinus and proliferation of megacarocyte. Lung showed edema with congestion of blood vessels & haemorrhge and infiltration of mononuclear cell in the alveoli wall and thickening of the alveoli septa. Heart showed sever congestion with heamorrhe &infiltration of poly morphonuclear cells (PMN, S) between muscle fibers and losse of muscle straight .Intestine &stomach showed sloughing of epithelial lining the mucosal layer with congestion of blood vessels & infiltration of (PMNS) diagnostic as chronic suppurative enteritis and gastritis. Ovary showed congestion of blood vessels with tiny aggregated abscess consist of dead and live neutrophil &tissue debris diagnosis as oophilitis. Uterus showed congestion of blood vessels with infiltration of neutrophl in wall of uterus &proliferation of endometritis layer diagnositic as endometrosis. Oviduct showed congestion of blood vessels with infiltration of neutrophil in the epithelial lining & proliferation of epithelial lead to stenosis. Mammary gland showed congestion of blood vessels, with infiltration of neutrophil between smooth muscle fiber &present of portentous material pink cooler in the lumen.

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Article
Derivation of numerically method for evaluating triple integrals and its error formnla by using trapeoidal method and Simpson’s method
اشتقاق طريقة عددية لحساب التكاملات الثلاثية ذات المكاملات المستمرة وصيغة الخطأ لها

المؤلفون: علي حسن محمد --- رحاب رحيم كاظم
الصفحات: 87-95
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الخلاصة

Our main aim of this search is to derivation new rule for evaluating of triple integrals with continuous integronds by using trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules and to derive correction terms (error formula) and to improve the results by using Romberg accelration. We showed that the composit method from Romberg accelration and the values yielded from Simpson’s method at the interior dimension (x) and trapezoidal method at the middle and exterior dimension (y and z) when the number of subintervals of exterior dimension equal to the number of subintervals of middle dimension and equal to the number of subintervals of interior dimension, that is such that is the distances between the coordinates on the - axis , is the distances between the coordinates on the - axis and is the distances between the coordinates on the - axis ) , which we called it we can depend on it to evalute triple integrals when the integrands are Continuous and it give high accuarcy with little periods.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of Toxicity, Immunological and some Cytopathic Effects of Vibrio cholerae supernatant
دراسة التأثيرات السمية والمناعية وبعض التأثيرات المرضية في عالق بكتريا Vibrio cholerae

المؤلفون: Yasir Basim Abdulwahhab Qaddoori
الصفحات: 95-100
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الخلاصة

Crude Vibrio cholerae extract was produced by centrifugation and filtration then the amount of protein was estimated by Folin- lowry method and was found equal to 550 microgram/ml. Extract activity was set by infant suckling mouse method. Toxicity was determined by measuring LD50 and was found equals to 57microgram/ml. Rabbit Anti-bacterial extract antibodies was titrated by precipitation method and the result showed that the titer is 40. Ouchterlony double immunodifussion test between several dilutions of the crude bacterial extract and rabbit antiserum showed positive results in 1/40 and 1/80 of the extract dilutions. The cytopathic effect of extract on mice hearts was also studied by injecting number of mice with 55 and 27.5 microgram/ml concentration of the crude extract and it showed that it has no certain effect on this organ.

الكلمات الدلالية

Vibrio cholerae --- bacterial extraction --- cytopathic effects


Article
Annasrghyr Arab Egyptian society in the book of sermons and mind mentioning plans and effects Mqrizi (T: 845 AH / 1441 AD)
العناصرغير العربية للمجتمع المصري في كتاب المواعظ والاعتبار بذكر الخطط والآثار للمقريزي (ت:845هـ /1441م)

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الخلاصة

Suffered most of the studies and historical research their attention on the study of the political aspects of Ghalib hurry, without paying attention to and heed to social life, despite the importance of being part of the aspects of life other political, administrative, religious, intellectual and economic are women reflective of the nature of society and the classes and groups and organized and civilization on the one hand, and the extent of the progress of society and reached stability and prosperity on the other.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Linear and Nonlinear optical properties of dichromate gelatin
تأثير كربيد السليكون وأكسيد الكادميوم على الخواص الميكانيكية للبولي سلفون أمايد

المؤلفون: كاظم خيون كحلول
الصفحات: 96-105
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الخلاصة

In this work , the adding of silicon carbide particles as well as cadmium oxide or the mixture to poly sulfon amides to form a composite material is studied . The influence of adding different particles weight (in percent) on the material mechanical properties is investigated by performing several experiments to test the hardness , compression strength , impact strength and bending strength . The results have show that the values of hardness are higher when the particles of silicon carbide are added to poly sulfon amides in comparison with the addition of cadmium oxide or the mixture adding of (silicon carbide + cadmium oxide) . The results reaches the highest values when 8% is added as a particles weight of [(285 , 270 and 255 ) Shore D] respectively . While the results for compression strength are of (180 MPa , 175 MPa and 170 MPa) respectively for silicon carbide, cadmium oxide and the mixture of (silicon carbide + cadmium oxide) . In terms of the impact strength, higher strength is observed when the silicon carbide is added to poly sulfon Amide from cadmium oxide or the mixture of (silicon carbide +cadmium oxide) particles and up to 2% of the weight in the correct order (99 KJ/m² , 95 KJ/m² , 90 KJ/m² ) respectively . Also , the bending strength is higher when the mixture of (carbide silicon + cadmium oxide) particles is added to poly sulfon Amide from carbide silicon and cadmium oxide mixture and would reach the highest when 2% is added as a particles weight in the following order (400MPa , 350MPa and 335MPa) respectively. From the results obtained , both carbide silicon and cadmium oxide, have ability to improve the mechanical properties of poly Sulfon Amide such as hardness , comparison strength , impact strength and bending strength , this mechanical properties which is the highly demanded property in the polymer applications.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Normed S*-Vector Lattice and Some Properties
الحزم المتجهة المعيارية - S* وبعض خصائصها

المؤلفون: Ali Hussain Battor --- Shatha Abdul-Hussain Kadhum
الصفحات: 101-108
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we will discuss some order and topological properties of normed S*-vector lattices which are analogous to the corresponding properties of usual normed lattices, we established assertions contained on (o) and (no)-convergence remain valid for the (t) and (nt)-convergence and investigate the fundamental concepts used for understanding this work.


Article
Effect of chemical fertilization and gibberellic acid on the contentofsomechemical compounds of Nepali and Khudairi cultivars of olive
تأثير التسميد الكيميائي والرش بحامض الجبرليك في المحتوى من المركبات الكيميائية في بعض اصناف الزيتون

المؤلفون: مؤيد رجب عبود --- عذراء خيري عبد عون
الصفحات: 106-117
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in olive orchard of Horticulture Department / College of Agriculture / University of Baghdad during two growing seasons of 2011 – 2012 to study effect of spraing with GA3and of compound fertilizer on young trees of two olive cultivars (Nepali and Khudairi) , one handred and eight uniform trees in age and growth were used . Levels of fertilizer (18:18:18) at three levels (0.75,1.25,1.75 Kg/trees) spraingwith GA3 (0,250,500 Mg/l) . Treatments at 1.75 Kg/tree fertilizer caused significant increase in cocentrations of protein , carbohydrates , chlorophlla,b and total chlorophll in leaves . Leaf spry with GA3(500Mg/l)increased significantly of above parameters , Nepali cultivar was significanty superior to Khudairi cultivars in all above parameters. All statistical interactions were significant regarding cultivar, treatment, and seasons.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Theoretical Investigation and Quantum Chemical QSPR Study of The Best Parameters Influences on Glass Transition Temperatures of polymer Compounds.
دراسة نظرية وكمية بتقنيات QSPR لأفضل تأثير للمتغيرات على درجة الانتقال الزجاجي للمركبات البوليمرية

المؤلفون: Kawkab Ali Hussain
الصفحات: 109-118
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الخلاصة

The glass transition temperatures (Tgoc) of polymer understudy are described by a quantitative structure- property relationship QSPR. The QSPR model has been derived from a set of 6 polymer compounds to correlate and predict their glass transition temperatures (Tgoc). It consists of seven equations with six descriptors calculated from the molecular structures with quantum chemical methods. The best results are obtained seven equations with a group of QSPR models with three and four structural descriptors, with the best a correlation coefficient (three descriptor) R2=0.994 (eq 7), (four descriptor) R2=0.998(eq 5) respectively. For all results the best QSPR models show excellent model by Eq 5. Which depends on four descriptors with highs of R2, F, and minimum S by using four descriptors [ nC, nO, VOLUME and S. A], was found and indicate that these parameters have an important role in determining the properties of glass Transition Temperatures (Tgoc). This result of quantum-chemical descriptors show the applicability of molecular orbital calculations in deriving useful descriptors, by obtaining highly significant correlations described quantitatively by equations with just three or four solely theoretical molecular descriptors. Finally, the most promising of a computational modeling approach can significantly reduce the costs and labor associated with identifying high-performance for specific applications

الكلمات الدلالية

Polymer --- Glass Transition Temperature --- QSPR Model


Article
Effect of Water and alcohol extract from Nerium oleander L. in control nematode larvae̛ s Meloidogyne incognita and some non-target organisms
تأثير المستخلص المائي والكحولي لنبات الدفلة L. Nerium oleander في مقاومة يرقات ديدان العقد الجذرية Meloidogyne incognita وبعض الأحياء غير المستهدفة

المؤلفون: آلاء عدنان الجنابي --- . رافد عباس العيسى
الصفحات: 118-123
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الخلاصة

TargetedthecurrentstudytheeffectofaqueouscrudeextractandalcoholleavesoftheoleanderplantNerium oleander L.The deaths oflarvaesecond phaseofwormsroot knotMeloidogyne incognita (kofoid and white) chitwoodandtheir impacton somenon targetorganisms . as the results indicatedthatfor bothextracts impactinloss oflarvaesecond phaseofwormsroot knot in concentrations1000 , 2000, 3000, 4000and 5000 mg /L andthatthis effect isadirectcorrelationwiththeconcentrationsused, on the other handit has been shownthataqueousextractsimpactin thelossofmore thanlarvaealcoholic extractasvalueLc50 3228.6and4312 mg/L of aqueous extractsandalcoholrespectively.Inthestudyoftheeffectofhigherconcentrations oftheseextracts are3000, 4000 and5000mg /Linnitrogen fixingbacteriaRhizobium sp.Theresults showednoeffectofthese concentrationsextractorsas well ascommercialpesticideuserCadusafos. In terms ofimpactto the deaths ofearthwormsLambricusrubellus, the results indicate that the sameconcentrations have not impact deadlytoearthwormsasthe percentage ofmurder0%comparedwith100%when usingconcentration 1000 mg/L of the pesticidechemicalCadusafos.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
PREDICTION OF DAMAGE ENERGY UNDER CREEP-FATIGUE INTERACTION IN POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITES
تخمين طاقة الدمار الناتجة من تداخل تأثير الزحف-الكلال في المواد المركبة ذات الأساس اللدائني

المؤلفون: Mahir H. Majeed
الصفحات: 119-126
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الخلاصة

In this investigation, the effect of creep-fatigue interaction on the carbon fiber reinforced polymer, UT500/135 material, was studied, using resulted damage energy and its relation to the hysteresis loop energy. By testing many of specimens under fatigue test with different hold times at 50oC. The results showed that the occupation ratio of the damaging energy is very small compare to that for other materials as ferrous materials, and that most of the dissipated energy is transformed into heat. On the other hand, the relation between cracked area per cycle with the damage energy was determined, so the results showed that this relation can be used as a useful tool to estimate the life of the material


Article
The role of sex chromatin in some blood parameters and prolificacy in Damascus goats
دور الصبغين الجنسي في بعض صفات الدم والخصب لدى إناث المعز الشامي

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الخلاصة

Astudy was conducted at private herd at Al-Musaib province (50 km north of Babil), over to study of relationship between sex chromatin traits and performance of 20 female from Damascus goats. The percentage of drum stick (D), sessile nodule (SN), teardrop (T) and small club (SM) figures were 25.75, 30.60, 14.30 and 29.35 % respectively, these percentage showed that T figures was in high percentage. The overall means of horizontal axes, vertical axes and area of sex chromatin were 1.02 ± 0.004 µm, 0.761 ± 0.015 µm and 2.50 ± 0.14 µm2, while its value for area of sex chromatin to area of nucleus and number of lobe were 4.36 ± 0.63 and 3.43 ± 0.06 respectively (this results according to 2000 observation). Significant variance in total protein and cholesterol with variation of figures of sex chromatin. Increased (P<0.05) of prolificacy in Damascus goats at (T) (2.77 kids).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Hydro-chemical inter-relationship between surface and shallow groundwater within the eastern side of shatt Al-Hilla, Iraq
العلاقه الهيدروكيميائيه المتداخله بين المياه السطحيه والمياه الجوفيه الضحله في الجانب الشرقي من شط الحله / العراق

المؤلفون: Mukdad H. A. Al-Jabbari --- Arshad Wahab Abdul Rheem Al-Enezy
الصفحات: 127-139
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الخلاصة

The investigated area suffers from the shallow groundwater conditions which causes serious damage to the soil and consequantley to the agricultural and civil construction activities. To examine this problem, five different tracks perpendicular on the Shatt Al-Hilla channel were selected hand dug wells within the area to collect and analysis water samples over low and high of water level conditions. Water levels of both water bodies and their inter-relationships totally controlled by the nature of operation of the Dora regulator which located at kilometer 51 from source of Shatt Al-Hilla. Water samples collected during April, both high and low water levels. The nature of these inter-relationship were varying along the selected tracks due to many local conditions such as, elevations of lands, operation of irrigational regulators, depth of water within the channel cross section, seasons of the water year, high and low water level conditions, climatic changes, soil conditions and the present status of the sewage system within the City of Hilla. According to the adopted international standards to evaluate the suitability of the surface and shallow groundwater for different uses (drinking, industrial, building and irrigation) indicate that all surface water samples are suitable as drinking water, in state of high water level, while in state of low water level some of hang dug wells are not suitable for drinking water. All water samples are not suitable for industrial purposes. All surface water samples can be used for building and most of the sallow groundwater samples cannot be used for building except some of hand dug wells. All water samples are good for livestock. Surface water is good for agricultural purposes, while the hand dug water samples are suitable for growing most types of crops

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Temperatures distribution calculation for PWR fuel rod at steady state
حساب توزيع درجات الحرارة لقضيب وقود مفاعل الماء المضغوط للحالة المستقرة

المؤلفون: نجم عبد عسكوري --- حيدر جاسم موسى
الصفحات: 131-138
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الخلاصة

Energy released in ceramic fuel (UO2) by nuclear fission transferred from fuel to the clad surface (Zircaloy-4) through gas gap (filled in He) by conduction then transferred by convection to the coolant (water). Heat generation in fuel was obtained , and temperatures distribution in radial direction at steady state was found by using analytical solution relations for thermal conduction equation of cylindrical fuel rod. The maximum temperature was found at fuel center, which was produced from low thermal conductivity of UO2 . Thermal conductivity coefficients for UO2 , He , and clad were calculated as a function of temperature . Thermal conductivity coefficient of UO2 was decreasing at increased temperature while increased for He and clad.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Biological control of Fusarium nelsonii causing Root Rot disease of pear using the bacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens and Azotobacter chroococcum
استحثاث الأجنة الجسمية غير المباشر لهجينين من الطماطةLycopersicon esculentum Mill. خارج الجسم الحي

المؤلفون: ابراهيم خليل حسون
الصفحات: 139-148
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الخلاصة

The presence isolation results resets of isolation from roots of pear trees and diagnosing indicated of the fungi Fusarium nelsonii from 10 orchard in the province of Babylon. This was considered as the first records of the Fungi F.nelsonii on pear trees in Iraq .The preliminary tests of pathogenicity for isolates were pathogenic showed as maintested by percentage of seed germination 2%-30%. Lathhouse conditions Pathogenicity test of 8 isloates of F.nelsonii (F.n8, F.n1, F.n4, F.n3, F.n7, F.n6, F.n5 and F.n2) . Using 90 days old pear seedling as host plant showed that all isolated significant increased increment in disease severity which ranged between 40% t0 86% . Under lathhouse conditions pathogenicity test of three isolates of F.nelsonii (F.n2 , F.n5 and F.n6) using one year old pear seedling showed that all isolated increased significantly in disease severity which ranged between 80% , 78.5% and 75% compared to control non-contaminated though the disease severity was zero% . Under the lathhouse condition the result of test for the effect of two biocontrol agent Azotobacter chroococcum 5×108 and Pseudomonas fluorescens 5×107 colonies forming unit/ml using pear seedling 90 days and one year old and presence of isolate pathogen (F.n2,F.n5) showed that all treatment caused significant reduction in percentage of infection severity on 90 days and one year old pear seedling . As it ranged 15%, 14%, 22.5% , 20% and 16%,18% , 18% , 20% respectively compared to the control treatment pathogen(fungus alone ) which ranged in severity of disease86.5%, 80.75%, 82% and 75.25% . All elements caused significant increased in the criteria such as pear seedling height and fresh and dry weights of shoots and roots

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Article
Interference of Infectious Bronchitis Virus Vaccine with Immune Response induced by Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Vaccine in Broiler Chicks
تداخل فايرس لقاح التهاب القصبات المعدي مع الاستجابة المناعية لفايرس لقاح التهاب جراب فابريشيا المعدي في فروج اللحم.

المؤلفون: Nazar Ali Ameen --- Heero Hussein Raoof
الصفحات: 140-146
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الخلاصة

The study was designed to investigate the immunological interference or impact of live attenuated infectious bronchitis disease vaccine with live attenuated infectious bursal disease vaccine in broiler chicks. One hundred and seventy commercial broiler chicks were selected at one day of age, the maternal antibody titer was measured, then chicks divided randomly in to four equal groups; G1 vaccinated with IB and IBD, G2 vaccinated with IB, G3 vaccinated by IBD and G4 (Control group). The results of indirect ELISA revealed significant differences that G1 gave mean values of antibody titer of IBDV lower than G3, no significantly differences of bursa of Fabricius index, the result of lymphocytes count showed a significant differences which was high in G3 and a significant lower in G1, also the heterophils count showed a significant differences, which was high in G1 and significant lower in G3, the microscopically examination of Harderian Gland of G1 and G2 showed few plasma cells infiltration, and severe congestion of the blood vessels with inflammatory cells infiltration and few fibrous connective tissue proliferation, while harderian gland of G3 showed marked lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltration. It is concluded that the (IB) vaccine interfere or has impact on immune response of (IBD) vaccine.

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Article
ON Q-SMARANDACHE COMPLETELY CLOSED IDEAL WITH RESPECT TO AN ELEMENT OF A SMARANDACHE BH-ALGEBRA
BH-- سمرندش المغلقة تماماً بالنسبة الى عنصر في جبر سمرندش Qالمثالية

المؤلفون: Husein Hadi Abbass --- Shahrezad Jasim Mohammed
الصفحات: 147-157
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we define the concepts of a Q-Smarandache completely closed ideal of a Smarandache BH- algebra and a Q-Smarandache completely closed ideal with respect to an element of a Smarandache BH-algebra.We stated and proved some theorems which determine the relationships between these notions and some types of Q-Smarandache ideals of a Smarandache BH-algebra

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Article
The Predict Of The Productional and Physiological Performance of Trukish Awassi Ewes Depending on Heat Tolerance Coefficient and Temperature Humidity Index
التنبؤ بالأداء الإنتاجي والفسلجي لنعاج العواسية التركية اعتمادا على معامل التحمل الحراري ودليل الحرارة والرطوبة

المؤلفون: دعاء سعدي كريم --- جميل سرحان لازم
الصفحات: 149-155
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الخلاصة

The research was this study in the sheep farm which belong to department of animal production resources- College of agriculture –Abugraib during the period 1st June until 1st September 2012. For a sample of 50 ewes aiming to predict the production performance of Turkish Awassi ewes through heat tolerance Coefficient as well as heat and humidity indices. Results illustrated a high significant regression of daily milk production at optimum heat temperature, There was a negative significant regression (p<0.05) of daily milk production on mean optimum and minimum temperature. Mean while that of the total milk production regression at the optimum temperature was negative (p<0.01). Results of present study revealed that regression of fat percent of milk at the optimum temperature was highly significant. Regression of milk protein at optimum degree was highly significant, as well. A significant regression of lactose at optimum degree. Concerning regression of birth weight at optimum degree was negative significant, and it was recorded a significant. Regression of the two traits which included weight during weaning and daily weigh gain at optimum degree. Regression of daily and total milk production on heat tolerance coefficient was negative and highly significant and significant on heat and humidity indices. Regression of milk fat and protein on heat tolerance coefficient with heat and humidity indices positive and significant. Regression of weight at birth , weaning and daily gain it have been seen highly significant on heat and humidity indices.

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Article
توزيع انواع الجنس Citrobacter ما بين العينات السريرية والعينات البيئية للمستشفى التعليمي في جامعة النهرين

المؤلفون: ذكرى عدنان جواد
الصفحات: 156-164
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الخلاصة

Four hundred and thirty eight specimens were collected from educational hospital in Al-Nahrain University, including 250 clinical specimens from patients such as (stool, rectal swabs, urine, blood, sputum, cerebrospinal fluid and wounds ,ear ,nasal and throat swabs) and 188 environmental specimens from patient halls and operation rooms in the hospital . The control specimens included 50 stool specimens from healthy adults and 20 stool specimens and rectal swabs from healthy neonates. Eight isolates of the genus Citrobacter were obtained from both clinical and environmental specimens and one isolate were obtained from control specimens. These isolates were identified according to morphological and biochemical tests, furthermore, the identification was confirmed using the Api 20 E systems. Three species belonging to the genus Citrobacter have been obtained, these are C. freundii, C. farmeri and C.braakii, the former was the most frequent species with isolation percentage about 75% from clinical isolates and 50% from environmental isolates. The sensitivity of C. freundii against antibiotics was tested and the results showed that naldixic acid, nitrofurantoin and neomycin were found to be the most effective against local isolates of C. freundii with percentage of sensitivity 100% and their sensitivity to gentamicin was about 60%, while all isolates were resistant to -lactams, tetracycline and chloremphenicol.

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Article
The effect of fertilizer N. P and spraying leaves (Vejamino) on growth Parameters and the chemical content of the leaves for the grape seedlings (Kamali CV.)
تأثير سماد الـ N. P والرش الورقي بالفيجامينو في مؤشرات النمو والمحتوى الكيميائي لأوراق شتلات العنب ( صنف كمالي)

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted in the experimented field of Technical Collage / Musaib , during the growing season of 2011- 2012 on grape seedlings . Fertilized by NPcompound (18:18) , used in four levels ( 0, 2, 4. 6 gm /seedling ) and sprayed with Vegemino ( 0 , 25, 50 cm3/ L ) . In the second season the fertilizer levels were ( 0 , 8 ,10, 12 , 14 gm /seedling ) , while the vegemino levels . remained as the same , in a Factorial experimented in CRD with 3 replications . Results showed that : -1in the first season the level of 6 g / seedlings caused the death of the seedlings . The beast level is 4 gm / seedling is four installs . -2In the second season the seedlings received 14 gm/ seedlings died , and the best level was 12 gm / seedling in four installs . 3-Vegemino in 50 cm3/ L gave the highest means . 4 –Interaction treatment between the NP compound ( 4gm / seedling in first year and 12 gm / seedling in second year) and spraying with 50 cm3/L was gave the beast means of all studied traits .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effects of Pre-and Postnatal Exposure to Bisphenol- A on the Reproductive Efficacy in Male Albino Rats

المؤلفون: Ayyed Hameed Hassan --- Abdulameer Auda Ismail --- Abdulrazzak Naeem Khudir
الصفحات: 158-172
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out at the college of Veterinary Medicine, Kerbala University to determine the effect of pre- and postnatal exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA) on serum reproductive hormones levels (Testosterone" T",Luteinizing Hormone "LH" and follicle- stimulating Hormone" FSH"), relative organ weight and histopathology of (Liver, Kidney, Testis and Prostate) , as well as semen analysis( sperm concentration, viability and abnormality) . Thirty six pregnant female rats (F0) were gavage three doses of BPA suspended in corn oil (50 µg, 50 mg, 250 mg/kg/BW) or only corn oil as control from gestational day (GD) 6 through postnatal day (PND) 21. The weanlings (F1) from all dose groups(6 of each group) were still administered postnatally (after weaning) with the samedoses that given for their dams daily till maturity, then were subjected to necropsy 3 months of age. The results of statistical analysis showed significant decreased (P<0.05) in serum testosterone levels, and (LH), but not FSH in all treated groups compared with control group. The results also revealed significant increase in relative weight of prostate in all treated groups, of liver at doses (50 mg and 250 mg/kg/BW) and of kidney at highest dose only, while the relative weight of testis was significantly reduced in all treated group compared with control. Sperm concentration and viability were significantly decreased and abnormality was increased due to BPA treatment.Histopathologic effectsof Bisphenol A on liver of male rats showed that thetreatment with all doses of BPA resultedin deleterious effects in liver and kidney. Histology of rat's testes pre and postnatal exposed to all doses of BPA showed disarrangement and sever sloughing of the germinal epithelium and destruction the wall of some seminiferous tubules. There is little number of spermatids in the lumen of seminiferous tubules, necrosis the some germinal epithelia was present in high dose group only, on the other hand prostate histology indicate to presence of hyperplasia cell lining acini and decrease of prostatic secretions.From the present study it has been revealed that thexenoestrogen BPA adversely affect animal reproduction thereby itsaction on gonadal steroidogenesis

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of fertilizer N. P and spraying leaves (Vejamino) on growth Parameters and the chemical content of the leaves for the grape seedlings (Kamali CV.)
تأثير سماد الـ N. P والرش الورقي بالفيجامينو في مؤشرات النمو والمحتوى الكيميائي لأوراق شتلات العنب ( صنف كمالي)

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted in the experimented field of Technical Collage / Musaib , during the growing season of 2011- 2012 on grape seedlings . Fertilized by NPcompound (18:18) , used in four levels ( 0, 2, 4. 6 gm /seedling ) and sprayed with Vegemino ( 0 , 25, 50 cm3/ L ) . In the second season the fertilizer levels were ( 0 , 8 ,10, 12 , 14 gm /seedling ) , while the vegemino levels . remained as the same , in a Factorial experimented in CRD with 3 replications . Results showed that : -1in the first season the level of 6 g / seedlings caused the death of the seedlings . The beast level is 4 gm / seedling is four installs . -2In the second season the seedlings received 14 gm/ seedlings died , and the best level was 12 gm / seedling in four installs . 3-Vegemino in 50 cm3/ L gave the highest means . 4 –Interaction treatment between the NP compound ( 4gm / seedling in first year and 12 gm / seedling in second year) and spraying with 50 cm3/L was gave the beast means of all studied traits .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة الوصف المظهري والتركيب النسجي للكلية في الخفاش الكحلي (Pipistrella kuhlii)

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الخلاصة

The present study aimed to investigate the morphological description and histological structure of the kidney in(Pipistrella Kuhlii) ,The comparative anatomical study revealed that kidney in Pipistrella kuhlii represented by a small solid structure bean like with dark red color. It is situated within the anterior half of the body cavity under the diaphragm, rested on the adipose connective tissue and surrounded by clear connective tissue capsule. The results of histological study revealed that kidney tissue in bat differentiated into cortex and medulla, and the cortex occupied small area incomparison with medulla area. The cortex contains glomeruli distributed in high numbers at the regions near the medulla while they were less in their number at the peripheral region. On the other hand the medulla contains sections of thick and thin segments of Henle's loop in addition to the sections of collecting tubules which forms the medullary rays. The histological examination showed that the nephron of kidneys in bat consist of urinary corpuscle (Glomerulus and Bowman's capsule) connected with the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) which lead to Henle's loop. Henle's loop represented by thin and thick segment and lead at its posterior end to distal convoluted tubule (DCT). It is important to note that Henle's loop not represented in turtle and frog nephrons.Results of the present study revealed that kidney tubules of bat have the epithelial lining represented by simple cuboidal epithelium rested on basement membrane. The free surface of the lining epithelial cells in (PCT) had brush border while such border not appeared in (DCT). Histological examination also showed that collecting tubules of bat's kidney lined by simple cuboidal epithelium

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A study the effect of trigger circuit on flash lamp life
إلغاء التداخل الأعمى للأنظمة متعددة المداخل متعددة المخارج اللاسلكية بالاعتماد على خوارزمية التحليل المستقل للعناصر

المؤلفون: Wafaa Mohammed R --- Shakir AL-Dahan
الصفحات: 173-183
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الخلاصة

In this paper, a new method for blind interference cancellation of Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) wireless communication systems based on Independent Component Analysis (ICA) is proposed. A proposed ICA algorithm exploits the Higher Order Statistical (HOS) of the observation signals for blindly interference cancellation and signals estimation processes is presented. In contrast to other methods, the proposed method does not require any modification in transmission side or using the training sequences that usually costs a bandwidth. Simulation results show the ability of the proposed algorithm to cancel the interference effects of the multipath fading channel comparing with other ICA algorithms and conventional method.


Article
Some Results on Fuzzy SubKS-semigroups
بعض النتائج حول شبه الزمرة الجزئية الضبابية KS

المؤلفون: Sundus Najah --- kadhum Mohammed
الصفحات: 184-191
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الخلاصة

In this paper we study a fuzzy subKS-semigroups, Cartesian product of fuzzy sets in KS-semigroups and strong fuzzy relation in KS-semigroups , and prove some results about this .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Laboratory study of Microcerotermes diversus Silv. (Isoptera: Termitidae) for different types of wood imported and used in the furniture industry
دراسة مختبريةللتفضيل الغذائي لحشرةالأرضةMicrocerotermes diversus Silv. (Isoptera: Termitidae)لأنواع مختلفة من الأخشابالمستوردة والمستعملة في صناعة الأثاث

المؤلفون: معن عبد العزيز شفيق
الصفحات: 186-193
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to evaluate the sensitivity and palatability 8 types of commercial timber imported a beech wood, cardboard Block MDF, Block Board opposite (pressed wood), opposite plain, Jam, sheets Burmese, plywood sheets and Jawi, and it's infection by termite Microcerotermes diversus Silv.. Tests were compulsory and optional feeding by termites on the above different types of wood.The results found that the lowest rate of the amount of losing wood was aNormal wood opposite reached to 2.036 g, and the highest rate was for beech and reached 7.210 g. And the lowest rate of the proportion of the losing wood was wood cardboard Block MDF reached 5.683%, the highest rate was 24.715% for an ordinary wood opposite. The highest rate of death ratio insect termites was in the wood sheets Burmese reached 45.333%, and the lowest rate of death ratiowas 6.000% for beech. The all of sheets Burmese wood and plywood sheets were resistance to termite M. diversus, while the beech wood sensitive (susceptible dramatically).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Semi d-idealin d-algebra
شبه مثالي الـ( d ) في جبر الـ( d)

المؤلفون: Habeeb k. Abdullah --- Ali khaled Hassan
الصفحات: 192-197
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الخلاصة

in this paper we introduce the notion of semi d-ideal of d-algebra, and investigate many theorems and examples for this notion, Furthermore we investigate many relations and theorem between semi d-ideal and each of d-ideal and BCK-ideal.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of dietary supplementation of crushed seed of Coriander Coriandrum sativum on Some Physiological & Immunological parameters of broiler Hubbard flex.
تأثير الإضافة الغذائيـــة لمسحوق بذور الكزبرة Coriandrum sativum في بعض المعايير الفسلجية والمناعية لفروج اللحم (هبرد فلكسHubbard flex ).

المؤلفون: سرى صافي عبيس
الصفحات: 194-201
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الخلاصة

The present study has been aimed to determine the positive effect that can be detected by crushed seed of Coriander Coriandrum sativum addition to the broilers diet on some physiological & immunological parameters. One hundred and fifty broiler chicks of one day age, were randomly divided into three equal groups. First group (control) fed on the standard provender along the experimental period (42 days), second group (T1) fed on standard provender supplemented with 2.5%, third group (T2) fed on standard provender supplemented with 5%. At the end of experiment, body weight was recorded and blood samples were obtained from wing vein for estimation of white blood cells counts, differential leukocytes counts, Phagocytosis activity for neutrophil and monocytes. Total protein, globulin, glucose, total cholesterol, IgG, IgA & IgM concentrations in blood serum were calculated. Then, birds were sacrificed and the liver, kidneys and spleen obtained for histological measurement. The result revealed that crushed seed of Coriander Coriandrum sativum supplementation in the two treated groups caused a significant increase (P<0.05) in body weight & weight of liver when compared with control group. The result revealed that the second and third groups were significantly (P<0.05) recorded higher values in their white blood cells counts, Lymphocytes, Monocytes counts & Phagocytosis activity. At the same time, the result of total protein & globulin showed a significant increase (P<0.05) in two treated groups compared with control. On the other hand, serum concentration of glucose and cholesterol showed a significant decrease (P<0.05) in the two treated groups compared with control. At the same time, the result of IgG & IgA concentrations, revealed a significant increase (P<0.05) in IgG & IgA concentrations in the both T1 and T2 groups compared with control.


Article
Study the effects of Spearmint Mentha Spicata Extracts on Mammary Gland in Female Rats
دراسة بعض التغيرات النسجية والكيموحيوية والقياسات النسجية لتأثير المستخلص المائي لأوراق النعناع Mentha spicata على الغدد اللبنية لإناث الجرذ

المؤلفون: Sinaa Jaboori Al-Bazii --- Fadhil Jawad Al-Tu’ma --- Salim Rasheed Al-Obaidi
الصفحات: 198-206
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out to investigate the effect that result from taking of the 5.25 ml of aqueous extract of spearmint Mentha spicata leaves in the growth and development of mammary glands during virgin , pregnancy and lactating stages for 14 days. Forty five (45) rats were used in this experiment divided into nine groups, three groups at maturity stages, three groups at pregnancy stages and three groups at lactating stages (5 ratsgroups). The following studies were decided: histological, biochemical and morphometrical studies for each group. Microscopic examination of mammary gland in the virgin rats that treated with spearmint showed more growth in the size of lobules and alveoli. In pregnant, the treated groups showed more branching of alveoli with more flattened epithelium. In lactating treated group showed the lobules were expanded and contained more branching alveoli with discontinuous flattened epithelium. The biochemical studies showed a significant increase (p<0.05) in the serum reduced glutathione concentration with decrease in the malondialdehyde concentration in the three physiological statges that treated with spearmint compared with control. The morphometrical study indicated a noticeable increase in the alveolar diameters and numbers in all groups of animals for the three physiological stages (virgin, pregnant and lactating).

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Article
تأثير السايتوكاينينBA والاوكسين NAA والجبرلين وعرق السوس في تضاعف افرع الورد الشجيري خارج الجسم الحي

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الخلاصة

The present research was conducted at Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory/ Department of plant production techniques / AL-Musaib Technical College during of 2007-2008 . The aim was studying the effect of different concentrations of plant growth regulators Banzyl adenin (BA), 1-Naphthalen Acetic Acid (NAA), Cibberellic Acid (GA3) and also studying the effect of liquorice extract on shoot multiplication and elongation of two cultivars of hydrid rose " Eugen and Eugen " . The addition of BA to the medium significantly increased number of shoots/explant as compared with control and the best concentration was 3mg/L which gave the largest number. Inclusion of NAA in proliferation medium MS + 3 mg /L BA significantly increased shoots number and length, and the best concentration was 0.2 mg/ L NAA + 3 mg / L BA compared with the other concentrations. Addition of GA3 to the proliferation medium MS +3 mg/L BA + 0.2 mg/L NAA showed a significant effect on shoots length and the concentration 0.01 mg/l gave the highest shoot length "15 mm" compared with the others.Inclusion of liquorice extract in proliferation medium MS +3 mg / L BA + 0.2 mg / L NAA significantly increased shoots number and length, especially at the concentration of 2 ml/l, compared with the other concentrations

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Article
Theoretical Study on Bromofulvene isomers ( 3-Bromofulvene , 4-Bromofulvene and 6-Bromofulvene) and their positive and negative radical ions . Part A

المؤلفون: Jaafar. H. Ali --- Khulood. O. Kazar
الصفحات: 207-215
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الخلاصة

Gaussian 03 calculations have been done after complete optimization of geometry on bromofulvene isomers (3-Bromofulvene, 4-Bromofulvene and 6-Bromofulvene) and their positive (+1,+2) and negative (-1,-2) radical ions . It was found that only the radical anions of these isomers are stabilizing . Also, both charges, positive and negative, increase the dipole moment. Geometric parameters, ionization potential, orbital energies (Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital "HOMO'' and Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital " LUMO "), electron densities of atoms are reported for all these isomers and their charged corresponding states.

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Article
Economic Return of Wheat Production Al- Hindia District / Karbala Province For the Season (2010-2011) *
العائد الاقتصادي لإنتاج محصول القمح قضاء الهندية / محافظة كربلاء للموسم الزراعي ( 2011 - 2010 )

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الخلاصة

Wheat crop considered as the most important Crop which has an important role in Iraqi agriculture . As a consequence of Iraqi agricultural sector and the increasing demand for the strategic. Crop made it necessary to study the economic efficiency for there crop. The aim of this research is to estimate the economic feasibility for wheat production in Karbala province .A question naira was designed to collect data from a random sample of (113) farmers in Al- Hindia district reflect ( 13%) ,from the guestivnear research . The result showed positive sing of the used criteria and the second item of property was the best item as it fulfilled the majority of economic criteria . The research recommend to increase the management efficiency of the farms and the development of the use of advanced technology in the Wheat production and the cantinas spurt for the Farmers

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Isolation of bacterial causes of abortion from cows in Karbala province
عزل المسببات البكتيرية للإجهاض من الأبقار في محافظة كربلاء

المؤلفون: Al-Jawad Hussain Jawad Kadim
الصفحات: 216-221
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الخلاصة

This study was aimed to investigate the bacterial species that responsible for abortion in the caws at Kerbala city .This performed by testing 120 of aborted caws from different regions of Kerbala city through period of 8 months started from May till December 2012. Clinical signs & clinical examination were used as a parameters in our study that performed on the aborted caws and fetus through last day of gestation , as well as using of blood samples and vaginal discharge for bacterial examination and isolation . Results showed that Brucella spp was the main bacterial cause of abortion in the tested aborted caws and the percentage of infection reach to 13.33% , while other bacterial spp were detection in the present study but in lower percent as Staphylococcus aureus (5.83%) , E. coli (4.16%) , Salmonilla spp (1.66%) ,Campylobacter fetus (1.66%) and Listeria monocytogenes (0.83%).

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Article
دراسة طيفية جديدة لتقدير الفضة الاحادي باستخدام الكاشف [HPAI] (2-[4-hydroxy phenyl)azo]-4,5-diphenyl imidazole )

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الخلاصة

The organic reagent 2-[4-hydroxy phenyl)azo] 4,5-diphenyl imidazole form an orange complex with silver (I) in aqueous media at pH=4 the complex was found to be stable for 24 hour at the given pH. Beers low is obeyed in the concentrations range (0.372×10ˉ⁵- 4.09×10ˉ⁵)M with molar absorptivity of (0.22×10⁴ L.molˉ¹.cmˉ¹). The stoichiometry of complex was studied using mole ratio, Jobs and molard. The results indicated the confirmed ratio of reagent to metal is (2:1). Various parameters such as effect of cations , anions , masking agent ,concentration of ligand , time, sequences of addition and effect of temperature were studied. The precision and accuracy for determination of Ag (I) ion by [HPAI] were RSD% (2.18%-1.129%) and DL (2.6×10ˉ⁶)µg/ml.

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Article
Morphological and pigmentary variation of pityriasisversicolor in Erbil city
الاختلاف اتاللونية والشكلية للفطريات المتعددة الالوان في مدينة اربيل.

المؤلفون: AbduljabbarMohammad Abdullah --- Alaa Abdulrahman Sulaiman
الصفحات: 222-229
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الخلاصة

Background and objectives: Pityriasis versicolor is a common superficial fungal infection of the skin causing scaly discolored lesions involving mainly the trunk. The aim of this study is to assess the morphological and pigmentary variation of pityriasis versicolor in Erbil city. Patients and Methods: The study sample consists of 120 patients with pityriasisversicolor attending the department of dermatology and venereology at Rizgary teaching hospital in Erbil city. A thorough history was taken and clinical examination was done. The evoked scale sign, Wood’s light examination and skin scraping with potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparation was done for all patients. Results: Out of the120 patients with pityriasisversicolor, 62 were females and 58 were males with a mean age of 26.1 years ±10.8 (SD). The trunk was the most commonly involved site. Duration was variable from one week to 20 years and recurrence was present in 51.7% of the patients. Hyperpigmented lesions were present in 41.7%, 12.5% had hypopigmented lesions and 35.8% had combinations of both. Erythematous lesions were present in10%. No significant association was found between skin type and colour of the lesions. Evoked scale sign was positive in 93.3%, wood’s light examination was positive in 90.8% and KOH examination was positive in 71.7% of patients. Conclusion: Pityriasis versicolor is one of the most common disorders of pigmentation, and it is a disease of the young adults;all types of pigmentary variations in pityriasis versicolor are present.

الكلمات الدلالية

Arabic language --- Instructional package --- ADDIE Model --- Arabic school


Article
A Comparative Study Between Co2 Laser And Mechanical Rotary System Abrasion Of Hyperpigmentation Of The Gingiva
دراسة مقارنة بين استخدام ليزرثاني اوكسيد الكاربون والقشط المكانيكي بواسطة الة الحفر السريعة لرفع تصبغ اللثة

المؤلفون: • Mahdi A.S.AL-Faraaon
الصفحات: 230-237
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الخلاصة

Gingival pigmentation is one of most difficult cosmetic problems to treat through conventional ways. Although physiological and ethnic melanin pigmentation is not a medical problem. The black pigmentation was removed with Er-YAG laser and Nd-YAG laser. CO2 laser is revealed an easy, safe, short operation time, and not discomfort to the patient post operatively. This way of removing unwanted pigmentation relieved a good result clinically. Eighty patients were submitted in comparative study between CO2and mechanical bur abrasion. CO2 laser is revealed an easy, safe, short operation time, and not discomfort to the patient post operatively. The results were evaluated in histological lab in al-sadar teaching hospital.

الكلمات الدلالية

CO2 Laser --- Depigmentation --- gum --- Mahdi A.S.Al-Faraaon


Article
دراسة وظيفية مقارنة لبعض المعاير المرتبطة بالكلية في نوعين من الفقاريات العراقية

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الخلاصة

The present study aimed to comparative studies of some physiological parameters related by kidney in som of Iraqi vertebrates( Mauremys caspica caspica) and (Rana ridibunda ridibunda) represented by blood urea, blood creatinine and blood electrolytes (Sodium, potassium and calcium),The physiological study revealed that there were some differences in concentration is means of the studied blood parameters in turtle and frog. There were represented by (107.80±2.74mg/dl) and (29.73±1.40mg/dl) for of blood urea frog and the turtle respectively with significance difference (p<0.05),The mean of blood creatinine level were (0.33±0.01mg/dl) in frog and (0.25±0.01mg/dl) in turtle with significance differences (p<0.05). The results also declear that the mean concentrations (sodium, potassium and calcium) of blood were (7.77±0.11mg/dl, 3.89±0.10mmol/l; 104.87±0.99mmol/l) in turtle and (8.85±0.10mg/dl, 5.14±0.12mmol/l; 96.40±0.84mmol/l) in frog with significance difference (P<0.05).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Perfobond Shear Connectors

المؤلفون: Haider M. Alsaeq
الصفحات: 238-250
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الخلاصة

This study investigates the structural behavior of the perfobond shear connectors used in composite bridges. The software ANSYS 12.1 is used to handle the nonlinear finite element analysis. The difference between experimental and theoretical results for concrete is good for ± 20%. In the present research, it was noticed that the failure of this composite system initiates in the concrete slab, rather than the steel perfobond connector, in which the stresses remain relatively small. The most important factor affecting the strength of the system was found to be the perfobond connector thickness. Increasing the thickness by 80% nearly doubles the strength. Other important factor is the compressive strength of the concrete slab. When increasing the compressive strength from 30 MPa to 70 MPa, the strength of the system increases by about 80%.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Spectrophotometric-Continuous Flow Injection Analysis(S-CFIA) For The Determination of Cobalt(Π) Ion in River&Alloy Samples Via The Use of 10,10-Dimethyl 9,9-Diacridinium Dinitrate Salt-Hydrogen Peroxide in Alkaline Medium
التحليل الطيفي بالحقن الجرياني المستمر لتقدير ايون الكوبلت(Π) في نماذج من مياه النهر والسبائك بوساطة : ملح 10,10- ثنائي مثيل9,9- ثنائي اكردينيوم ثنائي النترات- بيرو كسيد الهيدروجين في الوسط القاعدي

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الخلاصة

A newly spectrophotometric analytical method characterized by it is speed and sensitivity was developed for the determination of Cobalt ions in pure, river water and alloys, using homemade continuous flow injection. The method is based on the oxidation of Lucigenin by hydrogen peroxide in alkaline medium to produced N-methyl acridine which gives with Co(Π) a red-brown color complex(λmax=405nm). Linear dynamic range for the absorbance versus Cobalt(Π) concentration was 0.0-100µg.ml-1, the percentage linearity (r2%) was 99.39%, while the L.O.D (S/N=3) was 1.2ng/sample from the step wise dilution for the minimum concentration of lowest concentration in the linear dynamic ranged of the calibration graph with L.O.Q was 6ng/sample. R.S.D% for the repeatability (n=8) was 0.6% for the determination of Cobalt(Π) with concentration of 10µg.ml-1, through put 40 sample.hr-1, sample volume 150µl. The method was applied successfully for the determination of Cobalt(Π) in different samples. A comparison was made between the newly developed method of analysis(S-CFIA) with classical of analysis using the standard addition method via the use of paired t-test. It shows that there was no significant difference at α=0.05(95% confidence interval) between the two methods. Therefore, the newly developed method can be adopted as an alternative method for the analysis of Cobalt(Π).


Article
On fuzzy Laplace transforms for fuzzy differential equations of the third order
حول تحويلات لابلاس الضبابية لمعادلات تفاضلية ضبابية من الرتبة الثالثة

المؤلفون: Hawrra Fadel Muhammad Ali --- Amal khalaf Haydar
الصفحات: 251-256
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we introduce a result for fuzzy derivative of the third-order in the sense of H- differentiability, and we find fuzzy Laplace transform for third-order derivative. In addition, we present examples of fuzzy initial value problems of the third-order .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
BOD and DO modeling for Tigris River at Baghdad city portion using QUAL2K model
نمذجة المطلب الحيوي للأوكسجين والأوكسجين المذاب لمياه نهر دجلة في مدينة بغداد باستخدام QUAL2K موديل

المؤلفون: Alhassan H. Ismail --- Ghassan A. Abed
الصفحات: 257-273
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted within Baghdad portion of Tigris River, which is significant due to the presence of various drains joining the river. Water samples have been collected from Tigris River along different points between Alfahama to Al-Zafarania and were analyzed for various water quality parameters during low flow season (November). The study involves application of QUAL2K model to simulate and predict the dissolved oxygen (DO) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) profiles of Tigris River in a stretch of 49.97 kilometer. Remote sensing &GIS technique (ERDAS 9.2 & Global Mapper 11) used in this study as supported software to provide some QUAL2K input data related to the river geometric parameter. The simulation results were verified and showed that the predicted values were in agreement with the measured values. Model output showed that DO in the entire river was within limit of not less than 4 mg/L. For CBOD, the entire river may be divided into three reaches; first one is extended from AlFahama (0 km) to Alkadhmiah (9 km) and have CBOD concentration of 2 mg/L and the second reach has CBOD range (2–4) mg/L in which begins from Alkadhmiah and extend to near Aldora refinery. The third reach extends from Aldora refinery to Al-Zafaraniah (49.97) in the south before river confluence with Diyala River which has CBOD concentrations of more than 4 mg/L. The most polluted zone in the river located downstream of Aldora refinery and extend to the last segment due to the industrial discharge of pollutants to the river. Two strategies were suggested to control the level of CBOD in the river. First strategy suggest that the CBOD of the discharged effluent from industries should not exceed at least 50 mg/L to keep the CBOD of the entire river within limits of not more than 4 mg/L. While the second strategy does not give significant results in which the level of CBOD increase even with reduction in the pollution load (point source).


Article
Effect of spraying with GA3 and nutrient solution on some vegetative and flowering growth characters of (Verbena hybrid)
تأثير الرش بالجبرلين GA3 والسماد الورقي في بعض صفات النمو الخضري والزهري لنبات المينا Verbena hybrida.

المؤلفون: زينب حسن ثجيل الخزاعي
الصفحات: 259-266
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at Agriculture College/ University of Kufa on 2012-2013 seasons to evaluate the effect of growth regulator GA3 and nutrient solution on some growth and flowering characteristics of Verbena hybrida. A factorial experiment (3x3) was designed, first factor included three concentrations of Gibberilic acid (0,150, and 250) mg.L-1 and second factor included three concentrations of nutrient solution (0,1 and 2) g.L-1 according to Randomized Completely Block Design (R.C.B.D) . Results showed that, spraying with gibbrellin, liquid organic acid and the interaction between them illustrated significant effect on vegetative, root and flower growth characteristics, the interaction treatment 250 mg.L-1 of gibberellins with 2 g.L-1 of nutrient solution of plant height , number of side branches , number of leaves , dry weight of shoots , leaf content of total chlorophyll , leaf content of total dissolved carbohydrates, dry weight of root, length of flower stem, number of flower and Anthocyanin contents compared with control treatment (without fertilizer) that gave the lowest values of the same characteristics.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Different doses of insecticide " Bifenthrin " on some physiological and biochemical blood standards in the females of rats during pregnancy period
تأثير جرع مختلفة من مبيد Bifenthrin على بعض معايير الدم الفسلجية والكيمو حيوية في إناث الجرذ الأبيض اثناء الحمل

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الخلاصة

The current study has been made in the dept. of Biology / College of Education Science / University of Karbala for seven months started from January 2012 till June 2013 . This study aimed to figuring out the effect of Effect of insecticide " Bifenthrin " on some physiological and biochemical blood standards in the females of pregnant white rats during pregnancy period , where 96 females and 32 males white rats been used , the females been divided into four treatments in 24 females for eah treatment , the pregnant females been given doses for the first treatment (Control Group) with filtrated water starting from the sixth till the eighteenth day of pregnancy , the second treatment been given doses of bifenthrininsecticide with allowed dose which is 0.02 mg/kg of body weight starting from the sixth till the eighteenth day of pregnancy , the third treatment been given doses of bifenthrin insecticide above the allowed dose which is 0.03 mg/kg of body weight starting from the sixth till the eighteenth day of pregnancy, while the fourth and the last treatment been given doses of bifenthrin insecticide with double allowed dose which is 0.04 mg/kg of body weight starting from the sixth till the eighteenth day of pregnancy , So the results have shown the following :- Giving of doses to the pregnant females with bifenthrin insecticidewith allowed dose T3 , Double allowed dose T4 has led to a meaningful in the average of Red blood corpuscles (RBC ) numbers and Leucocytes Count in comparison with control group , besides , a meaningful increase been notified P<0.05 in the levels of Alanine transaminase (ALT), Aspartate transaminase (AST) , Alkaline Phosphates (ALP ) in comparison with control group .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Co (II), Ni (II) and Cu (II) Complexes via Schiff Base Derived from Dithiooxamide and Salicylaldehyde

المؤلفون: Hayder H. AL-Hmedawi --- Rawaa Abdulkhaleq
الصفحات: 274-285
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الخلاصة

The first part of this work was to optimize the synthesis of a Schiff base( N,N'-bis (2-hydroxybenzlidene) dithiooxamide (LH)) derived from the reaction between the dithiooxamide with salicyldehyde. The reaction was reflexed for 6 hours at 70 ºC. Three types of complexes were synthesized using metal of ions cobalt (II), nickel (II) and copper (II).The second part was to characterization of prepared compounds and study the properties of these compounds. Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) ,NMR-spectroscopy, UV- Visible spectroscopy and Atomic absorbtion were used to identify the structure of the compounds. The magnetic susceptibility was measured; magnetic moment of cobalt (II) complex was 2.82 B.M, magnetic moment of nickel (II) complex was dimagnatic and copper (II) complex was 1.67 B.M. Conductivity of complexes were measured using DMSO as a solvent where conductivities of complexes were ionic in ratio (1:1) of Co(II) complex while non-ionic of Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes. Lastly, CHNS elemental analysis technique was used to identify and determine the amount of elements that are present in a ligand.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Detect the ability of bacteria isolated from gingivitis to form biofilm
الكشف عن قدرة البكتيريا المعزولة من التهابات اللثة على تكوين Biofilm

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الخلاصة

In this study , it had been collected 28 swab from patient suffering a gingivitis , then a biochemical test for identification these isolates were performed according to Bergy's manual, 1994. The results showed appearance of two groups of microorganisms which were bacteria and yeast. The five samples of yeast were neglected in this study and depend just on bacteria, which appear two groups according to Gram's stain. A gram negative bacteria( 2 isolates of Campylobacter and 4 isolates of Nisserosis) and gram positive bacteria( 10 isolates of Lactobacillus , 2 isolates of Streptococcus and 5 isolates Staphylococcus). Also it had been performed an antibiotic sensitivity test of a local antibiotic used to treat the patient suffering from gingivitis ,these were ( tetracycline, vancomycin, clindamycin, ampicillin and chloramphenicol) by following spread on agar method . The result showed that gram positive bacteria were more sensitive ( Lactobacillus , Streptococcus and Staphylococcus) than gram egative bacteria ( Campylobacter and Nisserosis) also it had been showed often isolates were resistance to ampicilline except the isolates no.(A5,A6,A8,A12,A13 and A20). Finally it had been detect the ability of these bacteria to form a biofilm according to tube method , which the results were 4 isolates out of 23 showed the ability to produce a strong biofilm, 11 isolates were moderate production of biofilm , 1 isolate was weak for production of biofilm while the rest did not have the ability to produce the biofilm.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
التحري عن طفيلي اميبا الحالة للنسيج Entameoba histolytica من المرضى الوافدين إلى مستشفى مرجان التعليمي في محافظة بابل .

المؤلفون: إيناس عباس خيرا لله المعموري
الصفحات: 283-287
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الخلاصة

The study included of trophozoite and cyst stages of Ameoba in the Entameoba histolytica in the samples of stoole. As it has been examinated 150 patients who suffer from diarrhea (from both sexes),and they came to the Al- marjan teaching hospital in Babylon Province, the samples of the stoole are examined by directly method in order to find the parasite of Ameoba . The results are showed that the high percentage is in the age (1-10) year which declare (23.3)%, followed by the age of lower than one yeare where recorded rat of infection is (14.6)% and were The lowest rate is in the age of (31-40) year by 15% ,and in males is higher than the females , either in terms of housing aears were the urban and the rural the percentage of infection (66.6 ,33.3)% respectively .Were also more the stages which is appeared through the examination of the samples is cyst if the record highest appearance rate (63.3)%from the trophozoite for Entameoba histolytica

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
SOME RESULTS OF MULTIVLUED CONTRACTIONS MAPPINGS
بعض النتائج للتطبيقات الانكماشية المتعددة القيم

المؤلفون: Ansam Ghazi Nsaif
الصفحات: 286-292
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الخلاصة

In this paper, there are some results about fixed point theory for multivalued mappings. The reliable idea to get these results including some multivalued mappings which admit selections satisfying the assumptions of Carist's theorem, through they need not have continuous selections. Note that some results in above will be known and present here to complete the idea.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة تأثير المبيدات العشبية (Igran ,Down-up ,Oxyfluofen) في نمو طحلب Senedesmus quadricuda بوجود بعض المركبات العضوية.

المؤلفون: عذراء خليل حسين
الصفحات: 288-297
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الخلاصة

The study was conducted to explore the relative sensitivities of Senedesmus quadricuda to three commonly used herbicide( Igran ,Oxyflufen 24% , dawn -up 48% )in different concentrations separated and in combination with three organic compounds ( ethanol 0.05% ,vitaminB2 .01mg/l and arginine 0.2mg/l ) . The toxicity of these herbicides was measured as a change in the cell count ( growth rate ) and in chlorophyll (a) content in cultures of the test organism. The results showed that, the toxicities of these three herbicides increased with exposure time as bellow (Oxyflufen 24% > Igran > dawn -up 48% ) in tested cultures while the density and chlorophyll (a) content of S. quadricuda was decreased. An addition of organic compound reversed the toxic effects of tested herbicides with arginin or vitaminB2 while an addition of ethanol didn't exhibit significantly any change in the toxicity of these herbicides.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Electronic Patient Record Management System (EPRMS)
نظام إدارة ملف المريض الالكتروني

المؤلفون: Elham Mohammed Thabit Abd Alameer --- Zaid Hasan Nasralla
الصفحات: 293-303
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الخلاصة

Recent research states that using new and emerging technologies in the areas of telecommunications are widely used in healthcare sector. In this research we will design and implement the Electornic Patient Record Management System (EPRMS). It is a centralized database contains the in-patient record which contains the patient personal info, department lies-in, physician, tours, ,treatment and lab results. Since the patient enters the hospital the workflow starts as the reception user creates new record by entering the personal info and sends the record to assigned department; at this stage the nurse starts update the record by entering the physician comments, required treatment, and sends lab test when it is required. The procedure continues as long as the patient still in the hospital. At last when the patient recovered or died the International Classsification of Diseases (ICD) inserted to the record and out or died date. In addition there are many supported tables that can be updated manually through independent pages by IT administrator. Also the system consists of different users and different user permissions. In addition there are advance search that can help to make statistical reports and researches for the physicians. This system is considered time and cost effective to healthcare

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Study of some Physical and Chemical properties of Drinking Water locally canned in some Reverse Osmosis (R.O.) Water factories of holy Kabala City/IRAQ
دراسة بعض الخصائص الفيزيائية والكيميائية لمياه الشرب المعبأة محليا في بعض معامل انتاج المياه Reverse Osmosis (R.O. ) في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة / العراق

المؤلفون: حسن جميل جواد الفتلاوي
الصفحات: 298-302
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الخلاصة

The physical and chemical properties of R.O. water was study in 15 factories of R.O.water treatment. The result of study show that there is temperature variation among the R.O factories & which restricted between (13.8-23),(11-22)Cfor air & water respectively. Whereas the pH value ranged between (5.3-6.8) .EC & Salinity value ranged (20-190) µsm/cm & (0.003-0.91) ppt. respectively. Whereas the TDS ,total hardness ,Ca, Mg ion were ranged between ( 10-180),(60-280),(7.2-104),(0.11-33.8) mg/l respectively .The D.O. & (BOD5) value (4.5-15),(0.1-7.2) mg/l respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Specific Activity and Effective Dose Measurements for Different Potassium Salts Which Used by Iraqi Costumers

المؤلفون: Shafik S. Shafik
الصفحات: 304-308
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الخلاصة

The specific activity (S.A.) of Potassium – 40 (40K) and its effective dose for three types of salts; Sodium salt, Liver and sea salts, and Potassium salt, were measured. The results of S.A. for these groups are 41.78, 285.5, and 427.84 Bq/kg respectively, whereas for effective dose are 0.315, 2.130 and 3.195 µSv/y respectively. These results strongly suggested that for persons with forty years old, the intake of Potassium salt must be lower than 2 g per day comparing with naturally intake 3.3 g for good health.

الكلمات الدلالية

Potassium – 40 --- Healthy Salts --- Specific Activity --- Effective Dose


Article
Qualitative and Quantitative screening of alkaline protease production from some pathogenic bacteria
الغربلة النوعية والكمية لانتاج اتزيم الببروتييز القاعدي من بعض انواع البكتيريا المسببة للامراض

المؤلفون: Sind Shamel Omer --- Hamid Gehad Humadi
الصفحات: 309-314
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الخلاصة

Four different isolates were isolated from different sites of infection, these include 2 isolates of G +ve bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus from urine and Bacillus cereus from tooth) and G-ve bacteria ( Pseudomonas aeruginosa from burns and Klebsiella pneumoniae from sputum).To detect the ability of these bacteria to produce alkaline protease enzyme in one hand and to correlate the production yield to site of infection from other side, it had been performed the qualitative screening on solid media by using skim milk agar and quantitative screening by measuring the specific activity of each isolates.The results of qualitative screening showed the inhibition zone of Staph aureusand Bacillus cereus were higher than Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae (2.8 , 2.1 , 1.3 and 0.5 cm respectively). When these results compared with quantitative results , it had nearly same, in which specific activity of Staph aureus and Bacillus cereus were higher than Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae (1955.7 ,1902.8 , 100.8 and 65.4)U/mg respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Ab-initio-rhf methods calculation to study the fundamental vibrational frequency of Acetophenone (C6H5COCH3)

المؤلفون: Nagham M.AL.Tememee
الصفحات: 315-324
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الخلاصة

The electronic distribution and energy level as well as modes of vibration of acetophenone molecule are studied theortically using ab-initio methods . The geometry optimization of the acetophenone was obtained depending on the restricted Hartree- Fock (rhf) equation for the restricted system by using STO - 3G basis sets. The modes of vibrationes were calculated under the steady state geometry condition and presented in graphically with frequency,intensity and symmetry for each mode. The molecular orbital calculation and energy level diagram appears that paired electron . The ionization potential is equal to = 7.628904 eV, while the low electron affinity is equal to =5.897452 eV. The total energy of acetophenone equal to (-10277.43266 eV) where calculated by Ab-initio method compared with different semi-empirical methods, indicate that Ab-initio method is very high accurate method to give the geometry more stable , because it takes into a ccount all electrons internal and external orbital but need a long time for calculation with a large process capacity .

الكلمات الدلالية

Ab-initio rhf methods for acetone modes .


Article
Connecting The Database With The Web Page By Using Java Database Connectivity (JDBC)

المؤلفون: Wissam Ali Hussain
الصفحات: 325-337
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الخلاصة

We can design internet pages for the companies, foundations and the government offices to spreading the information & details for the offices & foundations to facilitation connecting with it by using the internet in any time, and any place. When we design this pages the customer needs to circulate some information which his needed, and store it at a data base form, for example data base contains at the tools submitted to sales, or a data base contains at the information related of the employs for the specific foundation….ect. In this case we needs to connect the data base with the internet page, this research talked about connect the data base with the internet page by using the java data base connectivity (JDBC) technique.

الكلمات الدلالية

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