جدول المحتويات

مجلة البحوث التربوية والنفسية

ISSN: 18192068
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

1. أسم المجلة : مجلة البحوث التربوية و النفسية
2. اختصاص المجلة : علوم تربوية ونفسية
3. جهة الاصدار : مركز البحوث التربوية والنفسية
4. سنة الاصدار : 1979
5. نوع الاصدار : فصلي
6. انجازات المجلة : 53 عدد
7. الجوائز الحاصلة عليها المجلة : كتب شكر عديدة
8. الاهداف الموسومة من المجلة :
- تنشيط حركة البحث العلمي في مجالات العلوم التربوية والنفسية، من خلال نشر البحوث التي تتوفر فيها شروط البحث العلمي الرصين
- نشر الوعي في القضايا التربوية والنفسية في الوسط الجامعي ومؤسسات المجتمع الاخرى .
- متابعة ما يستجد من نتاج علمي في حقول التربية وعلم النفس وطنياً وعربياً .
9. لغة النشر : عربية – انكليزية
10. نطاق التوزيع : داخل وخارج العراق
11. طريقة التحكيم العلمي (تقييم البحوث ) : ترسل الى خبير علمي متخصص .
12. مصادر التمويل: تمويل ذاتي
13. سعر النسخة : 25.000 خمسة عشر الف دينار للنسخة
14. المستلات واعدادها : مستلان لكل بحث

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معلومات الاتصال

jouranlepr@yahoo.com
موقع المجلة
http://jperc.uobaghdad.edu.iq/

009647503725675 whatsApp / viber

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: العدد: 37

Article
مستويات البنية العاملية لمقياس كوستا وماكرا للعوامل الخمسة الكبرى للشخصية مطبقاً على البيئة العراقية

المؤلفون: طالب ناصر حسين
الصفحات: 1-19
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الخلاصة

Abstract Levels of the Factors structure of the scale Costa and McCrae applied to the Iraqi environment A previously_prepared Iraqi version of Costa & McCrae the big five factor has been adminstered to (200) students at University of Baghdad in order to investigate the hypothesized differences in factor structures between the original version of Costa & McCrae test and the Iraqi version. To verify the hypothesized differences , the minieigen value. Factors , maximum likelihood criteria of determining the number of factors , and varimax and promax as methods of rotation have been used. The results showed that there are many differences in both number and content of first and second order factors.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تشخيص الاطفال التوحديين في رياض الاطفال

المؤلفون: طارق عبد الوهاب القيسي
الصفحات: 20-40
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الخلاصة

Abstract Developing disorders or ingeneral disability considered one of infortant cases which socities faces as a case with several a spects that may lead to disability . the movement of growth anf developing in the society thus the gardiauship of abnormal individuals became insisting issue which has social and human necessity . The children of autism considered as special categories that guardian ship and care started of them inhoticeble image at the last time . Hence, the researcher interested in this problem that made her studying it the study aimed to educte the child of autism that exist in kindergarten .the resrarcher depended on (Adel Abdullah) test for child autism that consists of study of (54) childs. Who have been choosed from (9) kindergartens ,the teacher answered on each test to everu child . The researcher used the fercent to analyse data and she reached a group important of results . 1-There is (26) childs, 6 of them females, 20 males that 50% of the items of the test identify on them .thus , those children have been dignosed as a childs autism.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
skills and its relationship to the with concept of self in social The chidren kindergarten age (4-6) years
المهارات الإِجتماعية وعلاقتها بمفهوم الذات لدى أطفال الرياض (4-6) سنوات

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الخلاصة

Abstract The interest in Multi social skills and self-concept is extremely important for many of the scholars of education and psychology has taken a great deal in their writings and their interests as they see that social skills training is to make sure of the same, and that whenever enable the individual from acquiring social skills whenever asserted itself.The research aims know social skills and self-concept and their relationship to the children Riyadh age (4-6 years), and the research sample consisted of(200) boys and girls from kindergarten in the city of Baghdad Bjanbey Rusafa second and Karkh second.And to the objectives of the research realized the researcher has built two measures of social skills and self-concept, after informed on the literature and previous studies, and included a measure of social skills (72) and paragraph measure of self-concept (108) as the final drafted paragraph The researcher also made of standard characteristics of the two scales of truth and stability was verified honesty in two ways honesty and sincerity of virtual construction, was the extraction of consistency in two ways and retest Cronbach Alfa The search found the following results:1- Riyadh children enjoy social skills.2 - There are no statistically significant differences between children in social skills, according to a variable (sex).3 - There are no statistically significant differences between children in social skills, according to a variable (age).4 - Riyadh children enjoy the concept of self-5 - There are no statistically significant differences between children in social skills, according to a variable (sex).6 -There are no statistically significant differences between children in social skills, according to a variable (age). 7 - There is a positive correlation between social skills and self-concept.The researcher also put some of the recommendations and proposals.  

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Article
U.S. occupation of Iraq and its relationship to the psychological and political culture and social among university students
الاحتلال الأمريكي للعراق و علاقته بالثقافة النفسية و السياسية و الاجتماعية لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: .Sufian.S.Al_Maddidi سفيان صائب المعاضيدي
الصفحات: 83-107
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الخلاصة

Summary: The culture of the daily necessities of life of the individual in any society, whether advanced or simple, and the concept of multiple aspects of culture, including what is culture and education there holds that art is culture, and there are those who are classified according to human societies .. Some also go to it is not related to the study and learning .. And has been Iraq as a symbol of Arab culture, but they declined because of what passed by political crises and social in its modern history, and aims Current search to study culture psychological, political and social among the students of the university after the U.S. occupation of Iraq, the researcher prepared a questionnaire and after hold the appropriate statistical methods and presented to a number of experts has been applied to a representative sample of the community's original research and the researcher to a number of findings and conclusions .. And came out with a number of recommendations and proposals was the most important: Recommendations: 1. The need for scientific institutions to adopt teaching students on culture encyclopedic in its simplified form .. To teach students the basics of understanding and general knowledge. 2. Cooperation between the institutions of civil society, schools and Iraqi families to adopt a huge cultural project for Open or the so-called former school library and supplying them with all that is new. 3. Interest in university libraries and the importance of preparing day of the week, we could not .. Days per month on reading in university colleges and through reading theme by each student and discussed that day. Proposals: 1. . A similar study on the level of Iraq to see results and compliance with the current research. 2. Conduct scientific studies relating to culture and how their development more broadly at the level of the whole Iraq. 3. Studies on topics of socialization and how the development of Iraqi society in its proper form, and the students in particular. 4. Importance of guidance and education to students in schools and before entering the university in the field of the humanities in general, and political science in particular

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Article
Determinants of using experimental groups and choosing reasons in psychological researches
محددات استخدام المجموعات التجريبية ومبررات اختيارهافي البحوث النفسية

المؤلفون: مازن كامل غرب
الصفحات: 108-128
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الخلاصة

Until The Second Half Of Nineteenth Century , Psychology Depended On Philosophy In Its Experiences Which Means It Depend On Individuals Feelings Toward Psychological Experiences And Rapid Observation . As For The Scientific Organized Experimentation And Observation By Machines Have Been Used Later . The Experimentation Looking For The Cause Of Phenomena And How Is That Happened Also Reveal The Causal Relationship Between Among Phenomena . The Experiences In Psychology Field Include In Its Simplest Form Only One Variable ( Effective) Which Is Called Independent Variable As Well As Another Variable ( Affected ) That Called Dependent Variable . So To Conduct Any Experiment In Psychology We Need To A Sample And This Sample Should Be Represent The Studied Society That Mean We Can Generalize The Results Of The Study On Society As A Whole . Choosing Groups In Experimental Researches Is Considered The First Step In Experiences Success . So The Researcher Will Focus On Displaying The Types Of These Groups And How To Design The Psychological Experiences With Their Advantage And Disadvantage.

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Article
Role the media to limit from get games children instigator on the violence
دور الإعلام في الحد من اقتناء لعب الأطفال المحرضة على العنف

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الخلاصة

Abstract Violence is a very serious phenomenon affecting the upbringing and culture kids, are playing the most violent forms of development of these Phenomenon, the research aims to determine the role of the media in reducing violence, and conducted a field study on parents Children by 200 form, the results revealed the importance of the media in raising awareness of the risks of violence on the child Especially television, which hugely increased Show features, as well as the role of parents in guiding the child to buy Useful because the game to play negative impact of violence on children's health, and the media play an important role in raising awareness of these Risks through educational programs and television commercials, and others.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Clare's Plan on Female Students' Achievement in the History Subject in the Institute of Teachers' Preparation
اثر خطة كلير في تحصيل طالبات معهد اعداد المعلمات في مادة التاريخ

المؤلفون: Basha'ar Moulood Tawfeeq بشائر مولود توفيق
الصفحات: 154-181
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الخلاصة

Teaching through the system of personal learning, known as (Clare's plan) is amongst the most prominent plans which depend on self-education, as it received worldwide recognition. The plan lets the learner achieve learning by depending on himself after being familiar with the educational goals given to him, then he starts to solve the exercises and the drills accompanying the unit. After that, he checks his achievement by answering the self-evaluation tests. This method offers more opportunities for personal interaction than do the traditional systems, and individual leaning is a methodical expression aims at taking care of the learner and making him the locus of the processes of teaching and learning. Aims of the study: the effect of Clare's plan on the achievement of female students in the history subject in the institute of teachers' preparation. Hypothesis of the study: There is no significant statistical difference at 0.05 level of indication between the mean score of female students who study by using Clare's plan and those who study using the usual (traditional) method in achievement. Limits of the study: the current study is limited to female students in daytime institutes of teachers' preparation in Baghdad Province/the center. Terminology: Clare's Plan, achievement, history Chapter two: previous studies that dealt with (Clare's plan with achievement). Chapter three: First: experimental design: the researcher adopted an experimental design of two groups: experimental and control, and an achievement post-test. Second: female students of institute of teachers' preparation / daytime in Baghdad City, the center / the academic year 2011-2012 Third: class A represented the experimental group, while class B represented the control group. The researcher equalized the variables (scores in the history subject and intelligence test). The researcher formulated (30) behavioural goals depending on the general aims and the content of the history topics that were going to be taught during the experiment divided on the first three levels in the cognitive zone of Bloom's classification (knowledge, comprehension, application). The researcher prepared a test to measure achievement, consisting of (30) multiple-choice items. The researcher used a number of statistical tools among which (single variance analysis, item difficulty and item discrimination formula, person correlation coefficient, Spearman-Brown formula). Chapter four: the researcher presents in this chapter the results that she has reached in pursuant with the aim of the study (the hypothesis of the study was rejected and the results showed that there was statistically significant difference between the scores of the two groups). Conclusions In the light of the results that the current study has reached, the following can be concluded: 1- Female students of the institute of teachers' preparation are in need of using untraditional teaching techniques, including Clare's plan. 2- Using Clare's model leads to better learning achievement. Recommendations 1- History teachers should be familiar with Clare's plan and its steps in order to use it in teaching history. 2- Training elementary and secondary school teachers in the course of preparing them in the institutes of teachers' preparation. Suggestions In order to follow up the current study, the researcher suggests conducting the following studies: 1- Conducting a study to compare Clare's plan with other self-learning techniques (like programmed learning and educational case)

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Sources of psychological Stress with students living at dormitories in university of Baghdad.
مصادر الضغوط النفسية لدى طلبة الأقسام الداخلية في جـــامعة بغداد

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الخلاصة

Summary: Stress with all its kinds are the results of a nick development Leading to delinquency burdening the ability of people.. development gas its effect on self and body reflecting on health ( physically, Psychological. And mentally) and finally leading to death (Al emara,2001,2). Stress refers to he degree of response of the individual to events and environmental changes in his daily life with their physiological effects such as headaches , backaches, and gastric ulcer that have different effect depending on the personality of the person and his psychological characteristics differences airing individuals ( Al emirs, zool,2 ) The aims: 1- knowing the sources of psychological Stress with students living in dorvoitories in university of Baghdad . 2- Knowing the differences of the range of response to psychological stress according to sex variable (males- Females) The results: To achieve the first aim of this paper which is Knowing the Sources of psychological Stress with the Students living in dormitories, the researchers hare extracted the means and relative weights of each items of anestionnaire filling by sample which consists of (165) male and female students . The Sesutls show that the mean of relative Weight of all the items is higher than the theoretical one which is (50) which indicates that the sumple suffusing from different sources of stress and by noticing the arrangement of the items according to relative weights, the researchers find that the item (deporting from family and yearning then) obtaining the highest weight which is (83,76).  

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
مدى التزام مديري معاهد إعداد المعلمين بأخلاقيات المهنة من وجهة نظر المدرسين والمدرسات

المؤلفون: محمد عامر جميل
الصفحات: 209-225
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الخلاصة

Abstract What a nation seeking to occupy a prominent place among the nations not and attached the educational process of the great interest from which you can build a conscions generation represented in the culture first, then unable to adapt to modern technology data on the labor market second . So it was for the administration a major role in the educational process and that all the evaluation of texture development of education in his administration , it is through the development of administrative paper work can be judged or under developed society , evaluation of any system depends on the efficiency of his administration in dealing with the inputs of the education system. Administration is no longer in accordance with each individual performance can the required efficiency, it has become anote of his assets , rules and art needs to be exercised to the qualities and character traits and special mentality, they have a massage ethics and traditions derived from education . The most important findings of researcher : The professional ethics for managers of all kinds and fields are available and well realized , and that the availability of these ethics is a key factor for the success of managing director in his work and success in the management of the institute thus lead to higher their level of achievement. As the faculty members do not see to their manager on the basis of sex ,but on the basis of what have the efficiency and effectiveness of administration work ,as well as the managers have the ability to leadership and management to keep pace with scientific and technological developments on one hand ,and social and economic developments in the community in order to prepare a generation of teachers able to advance the teaching-learning process and adapt to the labor market on the other hand.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effectiveness of enrichment activities through using software program for second graders in Conversation article
فاعلية أنشطة اثرائية باستعمال برنامج حاسوبي عند تلاميذ الصف الثاني الابتدائي في مادة كتاب المحادثة

المؤلفون: : huda m-salman هدى محمد سلمان
الصفحات: 226-249
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الخلاصة

Abstract Today we are witnessing huge scientific and technical progress so we need more skills and methods of thinking that needs to be acquired by the teacher, as the importance of computers in education there are many teachers suffering of the difficulty in teaching for pupils . researchers tried to find a good suitable way with the technological interests for now which represent by computer design software and the introduction of enrichment activities in the curriculum because it is one of a contemporary trends for the development of the Arabic language with various levels of education and knowing if this program has negative or positive impact. So researchers presented the research Effectiveness of enrichment activities through using software program for second graders in Conversation article with null hypothesis which research sample reached to (60) students in a intentional way distributed into two groups ( experimental group and the control group ) and the researchers used anterior and posterior test , who prepared the appropriate statistical means for research, results showed that there are presence of statistically significant differences between anterior and posterior test in performance and achievement between the experimental group and the control group that went to experimental group which has studied the use of a software program.  

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of relaxation music in reducing symptoms of dental anxiety
اثر موسيقى الاسترخاء في تخفيف بعض اعراض القلق لدى مراجعي طبيب الاسنان

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الخلاصة

ملخص البحث المقدمة: اشار كثير من الباحثين السلوكيين على اهمية تقنيات الاسترخاء في علاج العديد من الامراض والاضطرابات النفسيةالمختلفة، حيث اكدوا على اهمية هذه التقنيات في خفض حدة القلق والتوتر وما ينشأعنهمامن سلوكيات وعادات، ومع تطور هذه التقنيات اصبحت تستعمل لاكتساب الصحة العامة سواء كانت صحة نفسية او جسدية او عقلية، وأحد هذه التقنيات هو العلاج بالموسيقىالذي يخفض حدة التوتر والقلق ويعمل حالة من الاسترخاء والذي بدأ يستعمل في علاج مراجعي طبيب الاسنان في العيادات. مشكلة البحث : تتجلى مشكلة البحث في ايجاد وسيلة علاجية تأخذ بالحسبان الجانب النفسي (القلق والتوتر) لمراجعي عيادة طب الاسنان وبالقدر الذي يتناسب وأهمية الجانب الجسمي, لأن تناول الجانب الجسمي والتركيز عليه في العلاج لوحده قد لا يكون كافياً ما دام العامل النفسي المسبب للاضطراب مستمراً في تأثيره. أهمية البحث والحاجة اليه : يمكن توضيح المؤشرات الآتية التي تدلل على أهمية هذا البحث والحاجة إليه : أ. هو محاولة لتسليط الضوء على أهمية موسيقى الاسترخاء في تخفيف القلق عند علاج الاسنان. ب. على الرغم من سعة وكبر الموضوع واهميته إلا أن البحوث والدراسات العربية والمحلية في هذا المجال قليلة إذا ما قورنت بالأهمية التي تحظى بها في العديد من دول العالم, لذا فان تناول هذا الموضوع من شأنه ان يزيد من المعرفة النظرية والعملية في الوقت الحاضر وأن يكون إضافة جديدة للمكتبة العراقية التي تفتقر إلى مثل هذه الدراسات أهـداف البحث: يتمثل البحث الحالي بانه لاتوجد فروق ذات دلالة احصائية عند مستوى 5.,. في(دقات القلب, ضغط الدم العالي(الانقباضي)Systolic وضغط الدم الواطئ ( الانبساطي)Diastolicللعينتان من المرضى الذين استمعوا الى موسيقى الاسترخاء اثناء العلاج والذين لم يستمعوا لها. حدود البحث: يقتصر البحث الحالي على مراجعي العيادات التخصصية لطب الاسنان في المركز الصحي التخصصي في العلوية/ جانب الرصافة في مدينة بغداد للمدة من 1032011 ولغاية 10 6 2011من كلا الجنسين. اجراءات البحث: أ. تتكون العينة من 200 مراجع ومراجعة (100 تخضع للاستماع للموسيقى و 100 بدون الاستماع لها). ب. تقسم العينة الى مجموعتين وسيقاس ضغط الدمBlood pressure ونبض القلبpulse rate لكلا المجموعتين. الاحصائيات: اعتمدت المعالجات الاحصائية جميعها في بناء المقياس وتحليل النتائج على برنامج (spss,1996) النتائج: لقد بينت النتائج وجود فروق ذات دلالة احصائية في ضغط الدم ودقات القلب بين المجموعة الاولى التي لم تستمع للموسيقى والمجموعة الثانية التي استمعت للموسيقى وكما موضحة بشكلتفصيلي في الفصل الرابع للبحث. ومن خلال النتائج استنتج الباحثان اهمية استعمال الموسيقى الهادئة لكي يسترخي المراجع والذي يقلل من شدة القلق والتوتر الموجود لدى الكثير من مراجعي عيادات طب الاسنان ,وعليه استنتج الباحثان ,اهمية تعاون النفسانيين السريريين واطباء الاسنان والمرضى, كذلك توعية اطباء الاسنان والمرضى للاستفادة من البرامج النفسية العلاجية مثل العلاج السلوكي والاسترخاء باستعمال الموسيقى الهادئة. وخلصت الدراسة بعدد من التوصيات والمقترحات. 

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Psychophysiological Control in Behavior
السيطرة السيكوفسيولوجية في السلوك"منظومة( البيوفيدباك Biofeedback ) أنموذج

المؤلفون: Mohammed Abbas Mohammed محمد عباس محمد
الصفحات: 271-294
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الخلاصة

abstract The Feedback Concept has been spread as an organized trend for scientific research since it has a significant importance for human behavior and how it has been directed and controlled by the individual, feedback has numerous definitions but the simplest definition is; feedback is the information received by the individual from the output of his behavior, In addition to the mutual relationship between the individual and the stimulation that provide him with the basic information by the biological control of his behavior, Since feedback cannot be accomplished without receiving information from the inner and outer environment, the biological and physiological information become the main source for controlling the individual behavior which leads to the concept of (Bio-feedback). The bio-feedback is one of the concepts of the modern feedback and the most important in Applied physiological psychology Moreover, the biofeedback is considered a modern trend which has been developed in the beginning of the sixties of the last century, In spite of its recent development, it has been proved that it is a modern flexible therapeutically training process based on scientific significant principles, furthermore the programmed education is one of the most modern training and educating methods which is based on self control and discipline behavior performed on the basis of feedback and resulted from the individual's activities without having any side effects, the biofeedback systems is one of the expert systems specialized in examining, diagnosing, psycho therapy, neurological, psycho neurological, muscular, physiological and its use of knowledge training and physiotherapy, biofeedback is considered one of the modern discoveries in the computer and technological treatment based on supplementary and non-allopathic medicine, Different neurological, psychological, and physical diseases can be treated by this system, In addition to psychosomatic physical diseases, postwar psychological disorders, physiotherapy and rehabilitation for the disabled, addicted treatment, breathing training, relaxation, and decreasing stress and anger….etc.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
مهارات الحكمة الاختبارية وعلاقتها بالتحصيل الدراسي لدى

المؤلفون: عفاف زياد وادي
الصفحات: 295-322
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الخلاصة

Abstract The aim of the stude is to identify the skills wiseness test when the students of the College of Education / Ibn al-Haytham Science Pure, And to compare and identify the differences in the skills of wiseness test according to sex when the students of the College of Education / Ibn al-Haytham Science Pure., As well as the comparison and identification of differences in the skills of wiseness test different scientific departments of the five among the students of the College of Education / Ibn al-Haytham / Science Pure. Finding correlation and the extent of the contribution of skills wiseness to test the collection of study. To investigate these goals has been building a measure of skills wiseness test be one of the seven components and (60) item test after checking characteristics psychometric scale (validity, reliability) measure applied to a sample of students from the College of Education Ibn al-Haytham Pure Sciences consisted of 400 male and female students and after obtaining the final grades to achieve the objectives of the research was reached the following conclusions : 1-There are no statistically significant differences between the average male and female in the use of the skills test wiseness. 2-Students of the college of Education Ibn al-Haytham possess the skills test and wisdom equal similar free resource. 3-There are statistically significant differences between the students of the scientific departments in their use of the skills test wisdom. 4-A contribution to a positive and statistically significant at the level (0.05) to test skills of wisdom on academic achievement at the student sample. Find reached some conclusions and recommendations and proposals.

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Article
Two Types of Personality and Achievement Motivation among University Teaching Staff Members
نمطا الشخصية (أ،ب) ودافعية الإنجاز لدى أعضاء هيئة التدريس الجامعي

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الخلاصة

Two Types of Personality and Achievement Motivation among University Teaching Staff Members Abstract : Research aimed to:1- Be acquainted to the two types of personality A,B with the members of the teaching staff of Anbar university 2- The level of the motivational achievement among the teaching staff 3- The level of motivational achievement of the teaching staff of( A,B). 4- Differences of the abstract implications of A,B type 5- The relationship between A and B and the motivational achievement. Research Tools: the researchers followed measure A, B type of Howard Glaser 1978,and measure of Achievement Motivation for Mansoorm1986. The Result showed: 1. A tendency of the teaching staff of Anbar university to type A .2. A high tendency of motivational attitude among the teaching staff. 3. A high motivational achievement of the teaching staff of A,B .4. There are no differences of abstract implications among the teaching staff of A,B. 5. There is a positive co-referncial relationship between A and the motivational achievement and a negative one among B as far as the teaching staff are concerned.

الكلمات الدلالية

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