Table of content

Adab AL Rafidayn

اداب الرافدين

ISSN: 03782867
Publisher: Mosul University
Faculty: Arts
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

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approved scientific periodical issued by college of arts /university of mosul . the research offered to periodical then will send expert to inspect it.

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EMAIL: adabarafidayn@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2013 volume: issue:65

Article
The Influence of Voice on Word Drawing: A Causal Perspective in the Llight of Holy Quran
أثر الصوت في رسم الكلمة نظرة تعليلية في ضوء رسم المصحف

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Abstract

Much have been written about the Holy Quran drawing. While endeavors for revealing what governs this drawing are still in persistence, scholars pay great attention to its causation. As it is difficult to comprehend this subject as a whole, some problems have been studied in order to make them as a guidance for this study in accordance to what the scholars referred to in drawing the word which is not in accordance with the standard writing.


Article
What is Conceivable in Other Than the Glorious Quran Syntactic study
مما يجوز في غير القران - دراسة نحوية

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Abstract

The focal point of the present paper is the phrase "it is conceivable in other than the glorious Qur'aan…," Which is one of the evaluative rules in Arabic syntax. The former phrase has been commonly repeated in Arabic linguistic literature, especially in reference to Meanings and Parsing of the Glorious Qur'aan. In such references, the scholars have analysed the Qur'aanic verses so as to choose their syntactic functions keeping the sacredness, meanings, and inimitability of the Glorious Qur'aan. The scholars have approved what is accepted and discarded what is not relying on some pretexts and evidences. If the scholars could not suggest aspect of the Qur'aanic verses, this might mean that such an aspect has no meaning, not available in Sharia, . as the present paper tackles.


Article
The Standard Faa Its semantic, Usages, Etymology, and Rules
الفاء الفصيحة دلالاتها واستعمالاتها وتاريخها وظوابطها

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Abstract

The current paper deals with the standard letter (Faa) . It is mentions in interpretation books, explanations of prophetic traditions, rhetoric and syntactic books. What has been mentioned here there seartered in there books is not enough as am attar for systemic study. This study tines to collect these information in a scientific way .


Article
The Rhetoric Law in Criticizing Prose and Poetry by Abu Taher Al –Baghdadi A Study in the Approach and content ""
قانون البلاغة في نقد النثر والشعر لابي طاهر البغدادي المتوفي (517) هــ

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This book is a critical study of the Arabic styles and its rhetorical arts in the prose and poetry The book consists of two parts .Parts one deals with the prose rhetoric and the author divided this part into thirty three terms. Part two studies poetry criticism and its rhetoric which is also divided into terms form comprising forty four eloquent words. Al-Baghdadi supported his study by giving poetic and prosaic examples to reinforce his speech and reveals his intention .The author proved his ideas throughout using these examples to support his points of view without preferring one to another


Article
Semantics of linguistic Pattermsin the opening Surah
دلالة الأنساق اللغوية في سورة الفاتحة

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Abstract

The paper which is entitled (The semantic of Linguistic system in surat al fatiha) deals with essential element structures of the sound،morphological ،syntactic ، semantic and pragmatic systems of surat al fatiha finding connections among these levels. The paper has concluded that high vibration sounds such as (n ،m) has more frequent uses than law vibration sounds ،also subordination has dominated in syntactic structure depending on coherence and cohesion among verses. The repetition systems also has been used for various purposes such as giving full meaning ،decorating its rhythm and showing controversial relations between events and verses of surah ،all these repetition surat al fatiha since its afrequent start in all the bowing of the prayers.


Article
The Impact of Diagrams and Tables in Teaching Prosody and Rhyme Scheme
أثر المخططات والجداول في تدريس مادة العروض والقافية

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Abstract

Diagrams and tables are considered as the easiest of teaching methods to convey the textual subjects to the mind of students. They do not need for a great deal of explaining and giving details. As far as I found the students always tend to reduce the amount of the study; I tried, skillfully, to do what they want without making any defect in the subject of study, so I found no way to achieve that by tables and diagrams. Because the personalities of the learners are variable; some of them depend on visual act, others resort to repetition of writing, and others rely on listening, therefore, and when we use the method of diagrams and tables, we can involve vision sense in teaching in addition to hearing during listening to the lecture. Undoubtedly this method teaches the student how to summarize the subject and concentrate on its basic pivots in addition to contributing to watch the differences between these pivots through examining the diagrams and tables.


Article
The hedging effect of the quranic sentence structure
أثر بناء الجملة القرانية في تحصين المعنى

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Abstract

The essence of communication between the addresser and the addresser relies on understanding the meaning of linguistic message . Meaning may be prone to ambiguity and misunderstanding . In this case , language has its own means to safeguard meaning against such phenomena. The research aims at investigating some aspects of this topic in order to reveal the close connectivity between syntax and semantics . So the research studies : the methods of ensuring meaning clarification , and their role in the structure of the Quranic sentenece Special attention is given to intonation , context , and intensification. The research then tackles some aspects of avoiding ambiguity in the Quranic sentence . These aspects include the shift from one mode to another , using noun in place of pronoun , foregrounding and back grounding , expanding without affecting the structure of the sentence and the structural and stylistic changes.


Article
Abdullah Bin AbbAas
عبدالله ابن عباس ( رضي الله عنه) دراسة في سيرته ودوره

Authors: Salem Abid Ali سالم عبد علي
Pages: 199-210
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Abstract

This paper tackles the character of the sahabi Abdullah bin Abbas and his military administrative and political acts It concentrates on his activity during th Umayyad era. It also deals with his growing up accompanying the prophet (PBUH) his relation with caliphs and role in the jihad in Morocco , Tabaristan, and Constantinople, The paper has also shown his stance towards the sedition during the era of the caliph Othman and role in the battle of Al-Jamal and Safyeen, as well as his relation with the caliph Muawiya and other caliphs who succeeded him in addition to Abdullah bin AL-Zubair and his followers , The paper come in a brief form , it is divided into paragraphs to be as complete as possible,


Article
Aspects of Relationship between the Living Quarter hood and the Mosque: The Old Mosuli Quarter hood as a Model: A Socio-Anthropological Study
مظاهر العلاقة بين المحلة السكنية والجامع المحلة الموصليةالقديمة انموذجا - دراسة جتماعية - أنثروبولوجية

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Abstract

Mosque is an important part of the morphology of old localty relations, and its relatively adorned makes it a hub for social interaction, as a center of spiritual and psychological values. The camp they in turn carry out the functions of several different and varied toward the mosque through the activities of its social and economic group, educational and psychological. Researcher felt doing this research to find out the aspects of the relationship between the mosque and the old localty relations. Reling on the constructivist theory perspectives in my career as an input to search. The curriculum is a case study approach. As well as Alsosauantropouluggi trend. The research tools to gather information, interview and simple observation, as well as participant observation as part of the reaearch community respondend. The search found a set of the most important results, that the mosque is a social institution multifunctioal and has a significant role in the social life of the old locality .


Article
Violence aborted pregnancy Social study in domestic violence and women's abortion
العنف المجهض للحمل - دراسة اجتماعية تحليلية في العنف الاسري وإجهاض المراءة

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Abstract

The problem of violence abortionist is one of the issues of interest to the international organizations and civil society bodies in the second millennium. Interest in them has become an issue of human rights and the balance to bring peoples, and rule to the eligibility of communities belonging to humanity. The violence abortionist of pregnancy is a dangerous phenomenon in human societies, and which is now very serious in our society, showing women subjected to physical violence, sexual violence, and health during pregnancy by a husband or a family member threatening the lives of many embryos to die and sometimes caused the mother also, death of the embryos. As a result of violence against the mother is one of the most important social and humanitarian problems rejected by religions and social norms. The research aims at identifying the phenomenon of violence aborted pregnancy, and detecting all types of violence leading to abortion. The results show that ( ) the spread (violence aborted pregnancy) in the community results from three basic axes, namely women, men and the nature of society), and that social and economic factors, cultural and political play a prominent role in the prevalence of violence against wives. ( ) Aborted pregnant women due to several types of violence against them (k violence health, physical violence, sexual violence), and aborted the pregnancy as a result of violence form a serious indication in the community. Also, two simultaneous problems, namely the problem of violence against the wife and the problem of aborting wife to get it). ( ) We notice from the research that Iraqi women are exposed to waves of violence and abortion, but it do not reveal them publicly for several reasons, the most important of which are the nature Iraqi law, the nature of society and its customs, shame, all of which have kept women under the practices of violence.


Article
Western Attempts to Adapt The Islamic Culture
محاولات غربية لتدجين الثقافة الإسلامية

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Abstract

The present Work tackles the impact of Orientalism on the Islamic Culture and its reflection on society . it adopts certain mechanism for evaluation and mechanism. The Work also explains the styles followed by the Orientalists to leave their impact on the Islamic Culture


Article
Library Supervision Right on Illegal Information Resources
حق المكتبة في الرقابة على المعلومات غير المشروعة

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Abstract

The study is a critical review dealing with the nature of information resources that may contain objectionable or dangerous materials ، and may hurt the feelings of the library's readers. It also discusses the role of library managers in deciding what is to be prohibited of these materials and the ethical responsibility they must consider in defending the society against these materials . There are some procedures that the libraries must cases in which these rights are violated and how to resist this behavior . It finally provides some suggestions aiming at limiting the effects of these materials on the readers and restricting the free access to the harmful materials .


Article
Electronic Acquisition Processes by Using Internet With Reference to some Internet sites of Arabic and Foreign Publishers
إجراءات التزويد الالكتروني باستعمال الانترنيت مع اشارة الى بعض مواقع الناشرين العرب والأجانب

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Abstract

The study is aiming at displaying the fast developments of using the Internet in the field of acquisition in libraries. This subject is treated through discussing the process of electronic acquisition and identifying financial credits which are managed through the Internet to facilitate purchasing library materials .The study also covers the Internet cites of both the Arabic and foreign publishers which are used in purchasing library materials available on the Internet. A descriptive method is used to fulfill the study in addition to the direct connection with Internet cites of publishers and booksellers. The study comes out with the following conclusions: ١- Using the electronic methods in acquisition will save time efforts and money for libraries. ٢- The Internet will provide many facilitates to libraries، especially in the process of book selection and electronic marketing which is now provided by publishers and distributors via the internet. ٣-Using electronic money will save much time that is needed for purchasing library materials. ٤-The Gulf Arab states libraries seem to be a developed among the Arab countries in the field electronic acquisition. ٥- Libraries in Iraq are not qualified in the present time for using the electronic acquisition .


Article
Estimating the Extent of Applying the ٢١st or ٢٢nd Edition of Dewy Decimal Classification System on the Catalog Records of University of Mosul Central Library: An Analytical study
مدى تطبيق نظام تصنيف ديوي العشري في طبعته الحادية او الثانية والعشرين على قيود فهرس المكتبة المركزية بجامعة الموصل : دراسة تحليلية

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The study concentrates on the extend of applying the ٢١st and ٢٢nd new editions of Dewy decimal classification system to University of Mosul Central library catalog records to define the authenticated tools used in assigning classification numbers for the materials cataloged at the central library and their consequences represented in detecting mistakes and problems which hinder that application through selecting a random intentional sample These samples are mounted to (١٠٠) records chosen from the Arabic shelf list record . The researcher depends on the analytical descriptive method and the study concludes with a group of results the most important ones of which are: ١- The usage of different tools in classification may cause many cases of confusion and inconsistency. ٢- The malcommitment to the modification and reviews whether the comprehensive or the partial one which the ٢١st and ٢٢nd editions underwent. ٣- The mistakes in combining, building or selecting a classification number for the cataloged material where the study revealed that ٣٩٪ of the sample records were cataloged under wrong classification numbers which do not comply with the subject of the cataloged material. The most important recommendations the study presented is: ١- Reliance on a clear and definite policy to be complied by the catalogers pertaining to using the new editions of the system at the central library to cope with the amendments and modifications of the system .


Article
Population Growth Indices During Neolithic in Iraq
مؤشرات النمو السكاني خلال العصر الحجري الحديث في العراق

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Abstract

Population growth was one of the most important features of the Neolithic in Iraq. Agricultural Revolution led to several developments according to excavation as in the increase of population and transportations. Therefore, this growth is the outcome of long material and intellectual efforts caveing social change based on obviously on a human interaction with environment. Iraq witnessed extensive progress in all economical and social aspects of life which had a clear impact in population growth later. Food production was one of the basic factors in that era in Iraq and ancient near east as primary evidences proved that. Moreover, agricultural development, animal domestication, pottery, took invention, architecture and exchange concepts and the development social, intellectual and technical concepts represented the most important indices of the Neolithic i. e. in Iraq according to scientific evidence based on the archaeological excavations results of early agricultural inhabited villages.


Article
Mirrors in the Ancient Iraq in the Light of Cuneiform Texts
المرايا في العراق القديم في ضوء النصوص المسمارية

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Abstract

The study of mirrors in the ancient Iraq in the light of cuneiform texts is one of the important Archeological studies. Due to lack of references , on this specific topic , researching in this matter is one of the difficult and rather sophisticated tasks. The study in this matter is very unique. Accordingly , that helps in revealing the importance of this subject as a topic of researching and inspection in order to submit an obvious aspect of such matter. Thus, it is found that it is necessary to present and analyze written and materialistic instances. This study involves the following axes: (the linguistic meaning of mirror , the names of mirror , the mirror according to the ancient written texts , types of mirror and the applied visions on it , the material from which the mirror was made). The purpose behind this study is to prove that it is a pure artistic innovation confined to the Ancient Iraqis only , and not found in the nations of other civilization (like Greece , Romans , Egyptians) as some may think. In addition , this study is important as an artistic aspect throughout its features , its technical manufacturing and the applied visions on it along the eras of the Ancient Iraq.


Article
Unpublished Cuneiform Texts From The Old Babylonian Period - Iraqi Museum
نصوص مسمارية غير منشورة من العهد البابلي القديم من المتحف العراقي

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Abstract

The cuneiform texts and particularly the economic ones are considered as one of the most important documents that reflect the reality of everyday life. In fact, among the periods of Mesopotamia the Old Babylonian Period (٢٠٠٦-١٥٩٥) was characterized by the economic prosperity and the development of economic activity which were reflected in the cuneiform economic texts as an ideal material to study the economic and social conditions of that period. The present research studies and gives an analysis of five unpublished cuneiform texts which are part of a set of texts in favor of the confiscation of the Iraqi Museum. Therefore, their location and reference are not known and they never bear historical versions except one text goes back to the reign of King Warad - Sin (١٨٣٤ - ١٨٢٣)B.C. ninth dynasty kings of Larsa. This complicated the situation and increased the difficulty of determining the length of time for the rest of the texts, but they generally belong to the Old Babylonian Period (Early Old Babylonian Period) or as it is called (the period of Isin-Larsa, based on personal names contained therein. These are common names as well as the way of writing that clearly marked and excelled large size supports the ownership of those texts to the beginnings of the Old Babylonian Period. As for the contents of these texts


Article
Expressing Relations of Being and Becoming in English and Arabic
التعبير عن الصيغ العلائقية في اللغتين الإنكليزية والعربية

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Abstract

يسلط البحث الضوء على نحو الصيغ العلائقية في اللغتين الإنكليزية والعربية، وتزود الدراسة سرداً مقارناً بتلك الصيغ، أي صيغ الكينونة والصيرورة ضمن إطار النحو الوظيفي النظامي الذي تبناه هاليداي (1985- 1994) ، إذ الغرض من البحث هو معرفة أن كان بالإمكان تطبيق منهج هاليداي على اللغة العربية أو لا، وتظهر النتائج بأنَّ أنواعاً من الصيغ العلائقية الثلاث يمكن أن تنطبق إلى حد ما على الجمل العربية، ويستنتج البحث بانَّ جميع الصيغ العلائقية حتى صيغ الكينونة العربية معكوسة، وهذه الحالة غير موجودة في الجمل الإنكليزية .


Article
A Socio-Pragmatic Approach to Bargaining in Mosuli Arabic with Reference to English
دراسة النهج الاجتماعي التداولي للمساومة في اللهجة الموصلية مع الإشارة إلى اللغة الإنكليزية

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يتضمن خطاب المساومة العديد من استراتيجيات البراغماطيقا الفعالة، والتي سلطنا الضوء عليها في دراستنا؛ الإستراتيجيات المستعملة من الناطقين باللهجة العربية الموصلية، ودورها الفعال في مساعدة الأفراد على تحقيق الهدف المنشود من وراء القيام بعملية المساومة، ومن اجل تحقيق الغاية المرجوة من الدراسة فقد تم تحليل العديد من عمليات المساومة وتقييمها، أمَّا بالنسبة للعينة المنتقاة فكان اختيارها عشوائيا، وجرى تحليل البيانات طبقاً لأنموذج صناعي وقع اقتراحه من الباحثينِ أنفسهم، وبالنسبة لنتائج التحليل فإنَّها تشير إلى وجود 12 إستراتيجية للمساومة مستعملة بكثرة في اللهجة العربية الموصلية، وان الاستراتيجيات المذكورة قابلة لإعادة الاستعمال والتطبيق وبصورة متكررة، فاستعمال هذه الاستراتيجيات سيكون متأثراً والى حد بعيد بالثقافة والتقاليد الإسلامية والموصلية، إذ تخلص الدراسة إلى التأكيد على أهمية الظروف المحيطة، والتي لها الدور المهم في استعمال، وتطبيق الاستراتيجيات المذكورة .


Article
Translation Quality Assessment of Foregrounding and Deferment in the Glorious Qurän
تقويم ترجمة التقديم والتأخير لبعض آيات القرآن الكريم

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Abstract

يعد التقديم والتأخير أسلوباً بلاغياً يستعمل بشكل خاص في النصوص الأدبية والدينية، بطريقة تساعد القارئ على اقتفاء سيل المعلومات في النص بشكل مؤثر، وتهدف الدراسة إلى اعتماد أنموذج هاوس المعدل (1997) لتقييم الترجمة الإنكليزية لعدد من الآيات القرآنية لبيان أوجه الشبه والاختلاف بين الجملة العربية والإنكليزية في ما يخص التقديم والتأخير وذلك بمقارنتها بطريقة موضوعية لبيان تحقيق نوع الترجمة كبينة أو تفسير باستقصاء الأخطاء في التراجم الإنكليزية، ولتحقيق الأهداف المذكورة أعلاه يفترض البحث بأن ترجمة التقديم والتأخير في القرآن الكريم لا تتطابق مع النص الأصلي والذي ينتج عنه ترجمة غير ملائمة، كذلك يمكن إعطاء ترجمة معاني القرآن ترجمة تفسيرية بوصفها تلامس المعنى الدلالي .


Article
The Problems of Translating Verb-Preposition-Collocation from Arabic into English (A Didactic Study)
المشاكل الترجمان في ترجمة المصاحبة اللغوية الموجودة في الأفعال المتبوعة بحروف جر من العربية إلى الانكليزية (دراسة تعليمية)

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هذا البحث دراسة تعليمية لترجمة المصاحبة اللغوية الموجودة في الأفعال المتبوعة بحروف جر من العربية إلى الانكليزية، إذ يؤثر الاستعمال الدقيق للأفعال المتبوعة بحروف جر والتي تتضمن حالة مصاحبة مفرداتية لأفعال معينة مع بعض حروف الجر في الاستعمال الفعال للغة، كما و يعكس الكفاءة والأداء الأمثل لمستعملي اللغة.. وهكذا فان أي خروج عن المألوف قد يؤدي إلى تعبير لغوي شاذ أو حتى غير مفهوم، علاوة على ذلك يميز هذا الخروج عن المألوف بين المستعمل الأجنبي ومتحدثي لغة معينة . وتهدف هذه الدراسة إلى تطبيق نموذج نايدا في ما يخص المكافئ الشكلي والمكافئ الوظيفي (1964) على نصوص لغة الأصل (العربية) ولغة الهدف (الانكليزية) بغية التحقق من التكافؤ الترجمي، وتقترح الدراسة حلولاً لمشكلات الترجمة في الموضوع قيد البحث، وتضمنت معطيات البحث عشرة نماذج من طلبة المرحلة الرابعة في قسم الترجمة ترجموا عشر جمل تحتوي على أفعال مختلفة متبوعة بحروف جر إلى الانكليزية، وبعد ذلك تم استعمال نموذج نايدا في تحليل نصوص لغة الأصل (العربية) ولغة الهدف (الانكليزية) لبيان الجوانب السلبية والايجابية لطرائق الترجمة المختلفة التي اتبعتها العينة . تشير نتائج الدراسة إلى أن المكافئ الشكلي ينجح في إيجاد التركيب المكافئ للمصاحبة اللغوية الموجودة في الأفعال المتبوعة بحروف جر، إذ يوجد تماثل لغوي عرضي بين العربية والانكليزية


Article
The Transference of the jussive particles “لم” “lam” and “لما” “lammaa” in the Glorious Qur’aan into English
ترجمة أداتي الجزم"لم" و "لما" في القرآن الكريم إلى اللغة ألإنكليزية

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Abstract

تستعمل أدوات الجزم (لم ، لمَّا) كما يبين النحويون العرب للإشارة إلى النفي والجزم والقلب، أي: قلب دلالة الصيغة إلى المضي، فلكلتا الأداتين وظيفة الإشارة إلى الزمن، إلا أنَّ كل أداة تشير إلى الزمن بطريقة تختلف عن الأخرى، فالأداة (لمَّا) تمتاز بإضافة معنى (بعدُ) إلى معنى النفي الذي تعبر عن الأداة (لم). وتظهر هذه الدراسة كيفية استعمال الأداتين مع الفعل المضارع في الآيات القرآنية الكريمة، وكيفية ترجمة هذه التراكيب إلى الإنكليزية، فالهدف من هذا البحث هو تحديد المشكلات التي ترافق عملية نقل هذه التراكيب إلى الإنكليزية ، ونتيجة لذلك تفترض هذه الدراسة خلو اللغة الإنكليزية من أدوات الجزم النافية ، حينئذٍ ستظهر معضلة للمترجم.. وبناءً على هذا فإن المترجم في محاولته للتغلب على هذه المشكلات سيلجأ إلى العديد من الإجراءات بغية نقل معاني تلك التراكيب في الآيات القرآنية إلى الإنكليزية .


Article
Exploring The Ability of Iraqi University Learners of English to Recognize and Use –ly Adjectives and Adverbs
تقصي قدرة الطلبة العراقيين على التمييز بين استخدام الصفات والظروف المنتهية بالمقطع –ly ضمن المستوى الجامعي

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Abstract

يركز البحث على التمييز بين الصفات (-ly adjectives) والظروف (-ly adverbs) المنتهية بالمقطع (-ly)، فعلى الرغم من تشابه الشكل بين الاثنين كونهما منتهيين بـ (-ly) فإنهما مختلفان اختلافا كبيرا من ناحية الأداء أو التركيب في الجمل. فالـ (-ly adjective) تصف الاسم أو الضمير بينما الـ (-ly adverbs) أو ما يسمى بـ (ظرف الحال) يصف الفعل، الصفة أو ظرفا آخر. ويفترض أن معظم متعلمي اللغة الانكليزية ملمون بـ (-ly adverbs) أكثر من (-ly adjectives) ويعود ذلك للاستخدام المتكرر والمعتاد للأول أكثر من الثاني. ولهذا السبب فإن هؤلاء الطلبة يواجهون مشكلة حقيقية عندما يصادفون الـ (-ly adjectives) أثناء قراءتهم أو كتابتهم للنصوص الانكليزية ذلك أنهم يظنون أنها (-ly adverbs). وتم تصميم اختبار ذي قسمين، ففي القسم الأول فيه تم اختيار قطعة جاهزة لمعرفة قدرة الطلبة على التمييز بين الاستخدامات النحوية المختلفة لـ -ly adjectives والـ -ly adverbs أما في القسم الثاني، فقد تم تحليل عشر جمل إحصائيا لغرض قياس إمكانات الطلبة على أدراك وتفريق التراكيب الأساسية المختلفة بين هذين النوعين (i.e. –ly adjectives and –ly adverbs)


Article
The Classification of Verbs in English Some Criteria
معاييرتصنيف الافعال في اللغة الانكليزية

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Abstract

يهدف هذا البحث إلى اعتماد بعض المعايير لتصنيف الأفعال في اللغة الانكليزية إذ يعتمد على مجموعة من التصنيفات المعتمدة في تعليم وتدريس الأفعال في اللغة الانكليزية، وبالتالي تمكين الباحث والمتعلم والدارس من بناء جمل اللغة الانكليزية بشكل صحيح، ولعل ابرز التصنيفات هي الأفعال الرئيسية والأفعال المساعدة. أضف إلى ذلك الأفعال الجامدة والحركية، والأفعال القياسية والأفعال الشاذة من ناحية أخرى، فيتناول البحث الأفعال ذات الكلمتين والتي تعرف بـ Multi – Word والتي تشكل عقبة أمام المتعلم العراقي للغة الانكليزية في المرحلة الثانوية، والجامعية، ويعدَّ البحث مسحاً بنيوياً للفعل في اللغة الانكليزية بالاعتماد على بعض المعايير الشائعة في تصنيف الأفعال .


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La musique et la beauté dans "Chanson" d'Alfred de Musset
الموسيقى والجمال في قصيدة (أَغنية) للشاعر الفرنسي ألفريد دي موسي

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Abstract

إنَّ قصيدة "أُغنية" للشاعر الفرنسي الفريد دي موسيه ترتكز على ثلاثة محاور: الموسيقى، والجمال، والماضي، ويتخذ منها الشاعر دواءً للإنسان الذي فقد أَمله في موافقة زمانية غير مستقرة، فالجمال و الموسيقى غناء روحي و نفسي، أَمَّا الماضي فهو الماضي الذي يُغذي روح الشاعر مثل لحنٌ ينساب من الماضي الجميل المثقل بالقيم الشفافة، والحكمة، والمعرفة، والعذاب بكل المعاني الميتافيزيقية، والإلهية، والدينية وحتى الأسطورية .

Table of content: volume: issue:65