جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 12 العدد: 1

Article
معوقات دراسة المناهج التـربــويـــة والنـفسـيـة فـي أقسام كلية التربية للعلوم الصرفة من وجهة نظـر الطلبـة

المؤلفون: سعد جميل رحيم
الصفحات: 1-19
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الخلاصة

Aims Current search to identify the problems faced by students in the study of educational material and psychological divisions College of Education Science Pure University of Karbala, and the sample is essential to research students the fourth stage in the study morning for the academic year (2011/2012) and numbered (615) students, who studied the educational material and psychological through grades four, either the final sample amounted to (133) male and female students, but in order to identify the problems faced by students in the study of educational material and psychological scientific departments in the College of Education Science Pure, the researcher questions to the sample reconnaissance, and the light of the answers to students researcher prepared a questionnaire consisting of five areas: (students, subject field, Technical Altdresen, teaching methods, evaluation methods and tests). Were analyzed responses of the sample on the resolution the final use of the means of statistical Pearson correlation coefficient and the weighted average and weight percentile, the results of the research, that most students do not feel the importance of educational material and psychological life or in public life, and that most of the students believe that the educational material and psychological materials does not affect the secondary level of education. The researcher recommended to reconsider the organization schedule of lectures in educational material, psychological, and holding seminars and educational conferences and psychological to know the students of the importance of educational material and psychological impact on the construction of the student's personality, as well as attention to creating classrooms appropriate in terms of size and prepare students where and providing school supplies, and work on find ways and modern educational technologies that facilitate the process of teaching these vital substances. The researcher has proposed a set of proposals to complement search.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A NEW CLASS OF BH-ALGEBRA
BH صنف جديد من جبر إل-

المؤلفون: Husein Hadi Abbass --- Laith Salah Mahdi
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we introduce the notion of a U-BG-BH-algebra as a new class of a BH-algebra. Also we introduce the notion of a U-BG-ideal of U-BG-BH-algebra we state and prove some theorems and examples which determine the relationships between these notions and some types of ideals of a BH-algebra.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of dietary supplementation of crushed seed of Apium graveolens on Some Physiological parameters in Broiler breeder (Hubbard flex).
تأثير الإضافة الغذائيـــة لمسحوق بذور الكرفس (Apium graveolens) في بعض المعايير الفسلجية لديكة سلالة فروج اللحم هبرد فلكس (Hubbard flex)

المؤلفون: سرى صافي عبيس
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

The present study has been aimed to determine the positive effects that can be detected by Apium graveolens seed on some physiological parameters in broiler breeder roosters (Hubbard flex). Thirty roosters, Twenty-sex weeks age, were randomly divided into three equal groups. First group (control) fed on the standard provender along the experimental period (7 weeks), second group (T1& T2) fed on standard provender supplemented with 2.5 & 5 Kg/Ton of fed, respectively. At the end of experiment, blood samples were obtained from wing vein for estimation of glucose, total cholesterol, total protein, LH, FSH, and Testosterone concentrations in blood serum. Then, roosters were sacrificed and the testes and Epididymis obtained for histological measurement. The result revealed that Apium graveolens seed supplementation in the two treated groups caused a significant increase (P<0.05) in body weight, weight, width & height of testes when compared with control group. On the other hand, serum concentration of glucose and cholesterol showed a significant decrease (P<0.05) in the two treated groups compared with control. The result of total protein showed a significant increase (P<0.05) in two treated groups compared with control. At the same time, the result of sex hormones, revealed a significant increase (P<0.05) in Luetinizing, Follicle stimulating & Testosterone hormones concentration in the both T1 and T2 groups compared with control.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of dietary supplementation of crushed seed of Apium graveolens on Some Physiological parameters in Broiler breeder (Hubbard flex).
تأثير الإضافة الغذائيـــة لمسحوق بذور الكرفس (Apium graveolens) في بعض المعايير الفسلجية لديكة سلالة فروج اللحم هبرد فلكس (Hubbard flex)

المؤلفون: سرى صافي عبيس
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

The present study has been aimed to determine the positive effects that can be detected by Apium graveolens seed on some physiological parameters in broiler breeder roosters (Hubbard flex). Thirty roosters, Twenty-sex weeks age, were randomly divided into three equal groups. First group (control) fed on the standard provender along the experimental period (7 weeks), second group (T1& T2) fed on standard provender supplemented with 2.5 & 5 Kg/Ton of fed, respectively. At the end of experiment, blood samples were obtained from wing vein for estimation of glucose, total cholesterol, total protein, LH, FSH, and Testosterone concentrations in blood serum. Then, roosters were sacrificed and the testes and Epididymis obtained for histological measurement. The result revealed that Apium graveolens seed supplementation in the two treated groups caused a significant increase (P<0.05) in body weight, weight, width & height of testes when compared with control group. On the other hand, serum concentration of glucose and cholesterol showed a significant decrease (P<0.05) in the two treated groups compared with control. The result of total protein showed a significant increase (P<0.05) in two treated groups compared with control. At the same time, the result of sex hormones, revealed a significant increase (P<0.05) in Luetinizing, Follicle stimulating & Testosterone hormones concentration in the both T1 and T2 groups compared with control.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير المستخلص الكحولي لإزهار نبات القرنفل (Eugenia caryophyllus) على بعض المعايير الكيموحيوية في ذكور الجرذ الأبيض المعاملة بعقار السايكلوفوسفامايد

المؤلفون: أحمد سرحان كاظم --- ستار جاسم حتروش
الصفحات: 10-15
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الخلاصة

This study was proceeded in order to know of effect alcoholic extract on some of the chemobiological on white male rats dealt with cyclophosphamide drug as two experiment were done , first one included injection for several rats by cyclophosphamide drug of 20 mg/kg concentration for 30 days and then withdrawing the blood from these rats that were injected with above mention drug to see the pathological effects occurred to the fore – come up with incorporeal increase by (P<0.05) in the chemo-biological standards urea, Total bilirubin , Total cholesterol . In second experiment, three concentration of alcoholic carnation are (300) mg/kg , (400) mg/kg, (500) mg/kg and each group of has been fed with one of these concentrations for 30 days, blood has been withdrawn, bodies of rat were slashed to know the effects of the extract on chemo-biological, it turns up that carnation extract for all used concentrations results in incorporeal decrease (P<0.05) in the level of the chemo-biological standard urea, Total bilirubin , Total cholesterol .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Removal of Azo Benzidine Reactive Dye From Aqueous Solution By Adsorption onto ZnO Surface

المؤلفون: Wafaa Naser Mohammed Saeed
الصفحات: 11-18
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الخلاصة

In this study, the adsorption of azo benzidine reactive dye was carried out by using ZnO surface. Various parameters such as pH, adsorbent weight, initial dye concentration and contact time were studied in terms of their effect on the adsorption process. Furthermore, Lagergren’s equation was used to determine adsorption kinetics. It is observed that high removal of dye was obtained at pH=5. Removal of dye was increased by increasing initial dye concentration and contact time. High removal of dye was at the time equivalent of 90 min and reached equilibrium. Increasing of adsorbent weight leads to decrease dye adsorption where 0.1gm was the best weight. For kinetics the reaction onto ZnO followed pseudo-second order Lagergren’s equation.

الكلمات الدلالية

Azo benzidine; Adsorption; Dye; Removal


Article
تحضير وتشخيص ليكاند حلقة كبيرة من نوع N2S2 ومعقداته الفلزية ثنائية النواة مع دراسة بعض الخصائص الفيزياوية للمركبات المحضرة

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الخلاصة

The macrocycle ligand type N2S2 have been prepared through two steps.the first Included the reaction between two equivalent of mercapto acetic acid and one eq- Univalent of hydrazine hydrate , the second included the reaction of first step pre- Cursor with penta erythritol tetra bromide,to obtainted the target ligand .the Co+2 ,with metal from there action of the ligandComplexes were prepared Ni+2 , Cu+2ions 1:2 ratio , the prepousd compounds were characterized by FT-IR , UV-Vis , NMR , C.H.N spectoscopies as well as the molar conductivity and magnetic successptibility, stability constant and mole ratio was corried out of prepared complexes these measurements shows the suggested geometry around the metal ions are distorted octahedral The effect of temperature on the stability constants were found to raising the Temperature .the thermodynamic function (ΔG, ΔH , ΔS) of the formed complexes were calculated at range of temperature that showed complexes reaction was undo thermic and spontaneous . formation

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study The Effect of Aqueous Extract of Piper nigrum on Some physiological parameters and Histopathological in Female Rabbit Induced Gastric Ulceration by Aspirin
دراسة تأثير المستخلص المائي لثمرة نبات الفلفل الأسود على المعايير الفسلجية والامراضية النسيجية في إناث الأرانب المستحدثة فيها القرحة المعدية بواسطة الأسبرين

المؤلفون: Muna H. AL-Saeed
الصفحات: 19-32
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out at the animal house of the College of Veterinary Medicine-Basrah University. An attempt was done to induce gastric ulceration by using oral administration of 400 mg/kg B.W. of aspirin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of Piper nigrum (500 mg/kg B.W.) on hematological and biochemical parameters and histopathological examination of liver, stomach in female rabbits induced gastric ulceration. Twenty four female rabbits weighted (1250-1500g) and ages (7m) were divided into 4 equal groups (6 rabbits/group). The aspirin and aqueous extract of Piper nigrum were administered daily for 30 days and blood samples were collected for analyses. Treatment of rabbits for 30 days with 400 mg/kg B.W. of aspirin caused significant (p<0.05) reductions in RBC,WBC, PCV, Hb, DWBC relative to their respective controls; but caused significant (p<0.05) increments in the activities of AST and ALT relative, creatinin and bilirubin to their respective controls. On the other side aspirin+Piper nigrum extract, Piper nigrum extract groups showed a significant increase in RBC,WBC, PCV, Hb but showed a significant decrease in the glucose, cholesterol and activities of AST and ALT relative. These observations showed that aqueous extract of Piper nigrum possess antiulcer potential. Aspirin was found to cause stomach erosion, mucosal injury, infiltration of inflammatory cells and an increase in gastric pits depth. In addition to degenerated parietal and chief cells which clearly seen near the muscularis mucosa. While the stomach sections related to animals treated with extract and aspirin (400mg/kg.dose) showed mild mucosal injury, little number of congested blood vessels, mild infiltration of leucocytes in submucosa and no haemorrhage. Also an increase in mucus layer thickness which covers the surface mucosal layer, compared with animals treated with aspirin only. These findings probably indicates that aspirin have deleterious effect on the blood chemistry of female rabbits. The results of the effect of aqueous extract of Piper nigrum (alone) revealed lack of any effect of treatment with aqueous extract of Piper nigrum(500 mg/kg) was found to inhibit the ulcers induced by aspirin. It prevented the increase of gastric acid secretions, depletion of stomach wall mucus and prevented the histological changes caused by aspirin. It might be related to the stimulation of bioenergetic processes in the gastric epithelium under the influence of Piper.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
فاعلية استراتيجية دورة التعلم الخماسية والاسئلة السابرة في تحصيل مادة التاريخ العربي الاسلامي لدى طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط

المؤلفون: حاكم موسى عبد الحسناوي
الصفحات: 20-57
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الخلاصة

The current research aims to identify the effectiveness of the learning cycle and Five Questions sounding in the collection of second-graders average in history of the Arab Muslim world. To investigate, the aim of the research scholar coined the following null hypothesis 1 - There is no statistically significant difference at the level ( 0.05 ) between the average score for students research groups of the three : the first experimental group , which will examine the material history of the Arab Muslim using the strategy of the learning cycle quintet , and the second experimental group , which will study the same material using the questions sounding , and Group control subjects to be studied using the same material in the usual way the final achievement test my father will apply them in the end of the experiment . Therefore, the researcher determined experimentally The tuning part where three groups of two experimental and control group , and achievement test after me , and then chose the way random drawing , one of the three divisions namely Division (c ) of the number of students (30 students) to represent the first experimental group and used with students strategic learning cycle quintet , and in the same manner chose Division (a ) to represent the second experimental group and used with students Questions sounding and of the number of students (29 students) , and chose Division (b ) in the same manner of the number of students (30 students) to represent the control group who has studied the path of traditional , and after Asptaad students repeaters 's (6) students became the final total for students ( sample ) ( 83 ) students , the reason for the exclusion of students who failed it possessing previous experience in the topics that will be examined during the experiment may affect the dependent variable ( achievement ) and then in the accuracy of the results , note that the researcher has ruled out students who failed the final results only keen researcher before the start of the experiment on a par three members of the research groups statistically in some of the variables that indicated literature and previous studies that it may affect the results of the experiment , and these variables are: Chronological age of the students measured in months , test scores above information in history , scores of history in the final exam grade average for the first academic year the previous 2011/2012,IQ test scores Was coined by a researcher ( 80 ) target behaviorally based on the overall objectives and content of the topics that will be examined during the duration of the experiment , spread over the first three levels of Bloom's Taxonomy ( knowledge , comprehension , and application) . In order to verify the validity and completeness of the content offered subject to a range of experts and specialists in history and methods taught in the measurement and evaluation , and the number of teachers of history and Madrsadtha at the secondary level . After analyzing the responses, the experts modified some of the goals and objectives that have not deleted the proportion of the agreement adopted by a researcher (80%) or more , bringing the number of behavioral objectives in its final form (67) target behaviorally . As the preparation of lesson plans is one of the requirements for successful teaching has a promising researcher plans teaching of subjects that will be taught during the duration of the experiment from the history book for Grade average scheduled for the academic year 2012/2013,in light of the content of the book and behavioral objectives formulated , and in accordance with the strategic learning cycle quintet, questions and sounding, and the traditional way.The display models of these plans on a group of experts and specialists in the history and methods of teaching to explore their views and comments and suggestions for the purpose of improving the formulation of those plans , and the requirements of current research and the existence of an achievement test to measure the effect of independent variables on the dependent variable and the lack of achievement test ready to have the researcher prepared achievement test objectively consists of (65) paragraph of the type of multiple-choice , and after the end of the experiment the researcher used a set of statistical methods for the analysis of the results of research and the study found the following results : No statistically significant differences animate when the level of significance ( 0.05 ) between the mean scores of the three research groups . The first experimental group that studied the history of the Arab Islamic material using the five-year strategy for the learning cycle and the second experimental group that studied the same material using sounding questions , and the control group , who studied the same material using the traditional way of the achievement test

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة وظيفية للمستخلص الكحولي لبذور نبات الحرمل Peganum harmala L. على بعض الأنزيمات والبروتينات لذكور الأرانب البيض

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الخلاصة

The study involved twelve healthy adult male rabbit white (Lepus arcticus), the average weight (1,530-1,495)k.g and (6-8) month old.The rabbits were divided to two group , the first group was involved (6) rabbit that treatement of the alcoholic extract of the peganum harmala seeds concentration (20)mg/k.g in subcutaneous,the second group was involved (6) rabbit was control treated with distteld water.The study aimed to determine the effect of peganum harmala extracts on the some level of enzymes GOT,GPT and level proteins such as total protein,albumin,globuline, in this study was found:- 1- significant increase(p<0.05) in mean levels of concentration enzymes GOT,GPT, compared with control group. 2- significant dicrease(p<0.05) in mean levels of total protein, albumin compared with control group. 3-No significant (p>0.05) in mean levels of globuline compared with control group.

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Article
Rock slope Stability Assessment for Rock Cliffs at Tar Al-Sayyed Area (Karbala Governorate Middle of Iraq)

المؤلفون: S. N. Al-Saadi --- R. M. AL-Hussainy --- J. H. A. Al-Zubaydi
الصفحات: 33-52
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الخلاصة

Tar Al-Sayyed area (a tourist area), locates in the west of Karbala Governorate- Middle of Iraq, it is characterized by a rock cliff with abundance of naturally-forming caves locally known as Al-Tar caves. Field studies revealed the abundance of rock slope failures, the dominant types are rock fall, secondary toppling, and local disintegration followed almost by rolling. Slope stability assessment was carried out by stereographic projection. Secondary toppling mechanisms (generally due to the effects of differential weathering and or erosion, and undercutting) include multidirectional toppling, tension crack toppling and toppling & slumping mechanisms. Some treatment measures are proposed to stabilize the slopes and protect the visitors in the area.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
S4 mono nuclear and thier complexes with some metal ions , synthesis and physical studies.
تحضير وتشخيص ليكاند من نوع S4 مع معقداته الفلزية الأحادية ودراسة الخصائص الفيزيائية لها.

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الخلاصة

The tetradentate (S4) ligand have been synthesized through the refluxed of 2-amino-1,3,4- thiadiazole -5- thiol with dibromoethane in presence anhydrous sodium carbonate. The metal complexes of this ligand was curried out by the direct reaction of metal salts with ligand . The prepared complexes and ligand were characterized by FT - IR ,UV-Vis ,NMR , Mass Spectroscopies and C.H.N.S elementary analysis. In addition to the motor conductivity and magnetic successpitibilty. Stability constant and mole ratio was carried out of prepared complexes. The thermodynamic parameters ΔH , ΔG , ΔS were measured. The spectroscopic studies and magnetic moments measurements showed the octahedral geometry around the Co, Cu and tetrahedrul geometry around Nickel ion.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The study of life and behavioral effect pheromone assembly in the Periplanet americana(L.)
دراسة حياتية وسلوكية عن تاثير فرمون التجمع في الصرصر الامريكي Periplanet americana (L.)

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الخلاصة

The work has been shown the distribution of three species of cockroachs in Karbalaa provience. They were Periplanet americana. Blattella germanica, and Supella supellectilum. Periplaneta americana is speared in Fariha , Hindia, center of Karbala, Al Husseiniya and AL-Horr as 68%,85% , 80% , 86%, 91% respectively.The results were that the effected adult and reconstruction old nymph was 2 g feces / 25 ml hexane, however, the optimum way to attract reconstruction of early nymph is by 2.5 g feces / 25 ml hexane. The percentage of attraction for adults and early and old stage of nymphs from the feces extract each as 93.3%, 63.3%, 86.6%, respectively. Additionally, the results were determined the effectiveness of pheromone material and found out that it can be effective without proper storage. The attractions rates did not differ between the first day and fifteenth, where it was 18.3, 16.6, respectively, and that the moral decline occurred after the fifteenth day. However, the effectiveness of pheromone extract with proper storage continued for 105 days.In addition, the results indicated that all the insect pheromone launches the roles effectively attracts all gathered whimsical at different rates and the proportions of the adult combination and reconstruction late nymph convergent where indicated no significant differences between them compared to the early ages nymph.Furthermore, the shelter test results demonstrated that the Periplanet americana prefers to gather in shelters made of wood (opposite) compared to other shelters made from wood (fiber), plastic, metal and cardboard.

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Article
DIAGNOSIS OF THYROID NODULES USING FNA
تشخيص عقد الغدة الدرقية عن طريق الرشف الخلوي بالإبر الدقيقة دراسة تطلعية تحليلية

المؤلفون: Ali Swailem
الصفحات: 54-61
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الخلاصة

BACKGROUND :- Thyroid gland differs from other endocrinal organs in it s heaviness and early working in embryonic period (1).The main reason for intense interest of thyroid research is the outbreak of thyroid cancer after disaster of Chernobel nuclear energy plant leaks in 1986(2). Most common clinical findings in the thyroid gland is different pictures of neck swellings which defined as :- Any disorders of growth of thyroid cells changes into a swelling in thyroid. Nodule—means knot or knob Benign nodules can be caused by 1-Adenomas 2-Colloid nodules 3-Cysts 4-Infectious nodules 5-Lymphocytic nodules 6-Hyperplastic nodules. 7-Thyroiditis . 8-Congenital anomalies. Malignant nodules are classified as 1-Differentiated tumors a-Papillary adenocarcinoma b-Follicular adenocarcinoma 2-Medullary carcinoma 3-Undifferentiated tumors like : anaplastic 4-Others a-Lymphoma b-sarcoma c-squamous cell carcinoma d-mucoepithelial carcinoma e-Metastatic tumors. (3) FNAC plays an important role in diagnosis of thyroid nodules. AIMS OF STUDY:- To test suitability of fine needle aspiration cytology & avoid morbidity and complications of unwise thyroid operative decisions. PATIENTS MATERIALS AND METHODS:- This study was carried out in Al-Hussein Teaching Hospital in Karbala city during the period from 1st January 2011 to 31st December 2012=2years. ( 120 ) patients were included in this study; designed as a prospective study. This is the first study carried out in IRAQ in this field. RESULTS:- The results studied were compared with pathological and importance of FNAC was checked by finding of Sensitivity(83.3%), Specificity(95.3), Positive Predictive Value=PPV(78.1%) and Negative Predictive Value=NPV(48.6%)Accuracy ratio=95% . Out of 120 patients FNAC showed 98 patients as benign and 22 patients as malignant while pathological examination revealed 96 patients had benign and 24 patients had malignant lesions . FNAC was able to correctly diagnose (94/98) as benign lesions while (4/98) cases of benign lesions appeared to be malignant on pathological examination (False negative) . Out of (24) cases which appeared to be malignant on pathological examination. FNAC confirmed 22 cases while (2/24) benign lesion was misdiagnosed as malignant (False positive). Conclusions:- This study showed a sensitivity of( 83.3 )%, specificity( 95.3%)and accuracy ratio=95% of FNAC in diagnosis of thyroid cancer in thyroid swelling lesions. Key words:- FNAC , Biopsy, Thyroid nodules .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
فاعلية التعليم الالكتروني في تنمية التفكير الإبداعي لدى طالبات الصّفِّ الأوَّلِ المتوسّطِ في مادة الجغرافية العامّة

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to find out(the effectiveness of e-learning in the development of creative thinking in the general geographic material with the average first -grade students). To achieve the goal of the research, the researcher has formulated the following hypotheses zero : 1 - There is no statistically significant difference at the level ( 0.05 ) between the average scores of the experimental group students taught using e-learning methods and the average score for the control group students taught the usual way to test creative thinking . 2 - There is no statistically significant difference at the level ( 0.05 ) between the average score for students in the experimental group pre-test for creative thinking before the experiment and the average scores of students in post test of creative thinking after the experiment . The researchers used an experimental design a disciple partial , and chose the medium family education for girls to represent the experimental group and medium Rihaneh for girls to represent the control group in a deliberate , then chose Division out of four people for the first row average random method in each school , the number of respondents (58 students) , and by (29 ), a student of the experimental group which studied according to the methods of e-learning and ( 29) a student of the control group who has studied in the usual way , has been equal two sets of research ( experimental and control ) in a number of variables ( degrees geography classes for the academic year ( 2011-2012 ) , and chronological age measured in months , and the IQ test , and the educational attainment of parents , and educational attainment for mothers , and creative thinking ) . After that , select the researchers of scientific material represented chapters four first book principles of geography public for the first row average, was drafted ( 131 ) target behaviorally chapters the first four , and prepared plans for teaching the subjects to be taught , by (20) daily plan for each group ( experimental and control ) . The researchers relied on the test ( Torrance ) to measure the capabilities ( fluency - flexibility - originality ) of creative thinking , where in accordance with the test before starting the experiment and after the end of the experiment, was sure of his sincerity and persistence . Thus, the researchers concluded that the document on the teaching methods of e-learning has been instrumental in raising the level of the students creative thinking and creative thinking abilities grow and develop by training and practice and the use of methods and techniques that will stimulate the brain to think and creativity

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Article
An Investigation on Body Condition Score and biochemical Profile in Crossbred Dairy Cows Suffering from milk fever
التحري عن مقايس حالة الجسم والاختبارات الكيموحيوية في ابقارالحليب الهجينة المصابة بحمى الحليب

المؤلفون: Amjed T. Mohsen --- Kadhim H. Abbas --- Mohammed A. A. Molaghi
الصفحات: 62-66
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الخلاصة

The knowledge of body condition score and biochemical profile are useful in diagnosing and prevention of various pathological and metabolic disorders and importance for animal health which can adversely affect on reproductive performance of cows. Healthy parturient cows (n=10) and 10 parturient cows with milk fever and no signs of other diseases were included in the present study at AL-Hamza quarter farms at a period lasted from November 2012 to March 2013,This study was conducted to estimate the though body condition score , biochemical profile in all animals of study such minerals ( Calcium, magnesium and Phosphors) some enzymes ( ALP , GPT and GOT) and some of metabolic indicators as ( Glucose , Cholestrol , Triglycerids and Creatinine phosphate ) . the results revealed that the values of body condition score in milk fever group showed no significant differences compared with normal calving group. biochemical profile which include Creatinine , triglyseide , uric acid , cholestrol and GPT also showed nonsignificant differences between normal groups . while Ca, P, Mg, ALP, urea, bilirubin , glucose , GOT in milk fever group showed significant differences if compared with normal group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of some biochemistry parameters for the smokers and non smokers patients of angina pectoris diseases
دراسة بعض الدلائل الكيموحيوية لدى مرضى الذبحة الصدرية من المدخنين وغير المدخنين

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الخلاصة

This study is carried out in AL- Hussainy general hospital/ Kerbala.(41) volunteers of angina pectoris classified into two groups according to age, the first includes (31- 60) year and the second (61- 89) year , from smokers and unsmokers. From the control groups (28) healthy persons were chosen. They divide into two groups according to the age: smokers and non- smokers.In there search the level of lipid profile is evaluated and it contains cholesterol, Lipoprotein (HDL, LDL), Triglycendes. The study comes up with the following results :- 1- A significant increase in the Level (p<0.01) in the active chemical evidence value chol., TG, LDL for the smoker patients and non- smokers that they have the illness with Ap. 2- A significant increase of (p<0.01) for the Level chol.-TG- LDL for the patients with (Ap)from smokers and non-smokers and in higher rate for the second age group from first age group. 3-A significant decrease of the Level( p<0.01) in the active chemical evidence value HDL for smokers and non smokers patients with Ap.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
On I-Ring Family(IR-F)

المؤلفون: Hussein Abed Al Hussein Abbas
الصفحات: 67-71
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الخلاصة

In this research we introduce at the first time (as we know), the concept of I-ring family. Also we introduce the concept of each of ( sub family of I-ring family, , principalI-ring family and quotient family of I-ring family),H-connected,H-Hausdorffas well as a homomorphism , open and continuous morphism of I-ring families with some properties and examples about these concepts.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Some integrated aspects in controlling early blight disease of Tomato plants
بعض اوجه التكامل في مكافحة مرض اللفحة المبكرة على نباتات الطماطة

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الخلاصة

The present this study was carried out in 2012 at the College of Agriculture ,Kerbala,Iraq to estimate tomato early blight disease and to test the efficacy of some methods for controlling it. Isolates of the pathogenic fungus Alternaria solani were obtained and their pathogenicity was tested. The effect of two isolates of plant – growth promoting bacteria, Enterobacter cloacae , Pseudomonas fluorescens, the biological fungicide EMI on the disease persentage and intensity was tested as well .The isolates of A. solani were collected from plants bearing disease symptoms in different regions of Baghdad,Kerbala and Babylon provinces . The pathogenesity of 12 isolates of A. solani showed different levels of infection on raddish seed . The germination rates of these seed infacted by these isolates varied from 15% to 80% compared with 90% in control treatment. According to this test , the most infective isolate was given the symbol As5 and then used later in all following experiments. The results of antagonism test showed high effect of P. fluorescens and E. cloacae isolates against A.solani in acultural medium of potato dextrose agar (PDA) . The rates of fungus growth inhibition caused by these isolates reached 83% and 56% , respectively these isolates were used at the concentration of 1x610 . The use of P. fluorescens , E. cloacae , EMI and Beltanol causded increase in tomato seed germination rates after two weeks under protetive culture condition . The use of P. fluorescens and E.cloacae caused significant reduction in percentage disease infection in tomato seedling after 45 days of planting . these percentages reached 13.33%and 6.66% in those treatments ,respectively compared with 93.33% in treatment of pathogenic fungus. The infection intensity rates of the disease reach 6.56%,4.42% and 39.21% in the aforementioned treatments , respectively . The use of the biological fungicide EMI reduced the disease infection percentage in tomato seedlings whereas the use of the synthetic fungicide Beltanol resulted in complete inhibition of the disease pathogen

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ESTIMATION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GENERATION RATE (CASE STUDY OF HILLA CITY)

المؤلفون: Nabaa Shakir Hadi
الصفحات: 72-80
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الخلاصة

This paper, estimated Hilla Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generation rate for five years period (from year 2012 to year 2016). This Period is estimated as a minimum duration of landfill site operation time. Geographic Information System (GIS) technique are used to prepare digital map of Hilla city to determine all of Hilla district areas and its geographic distribution. Population forecasting is interpolated to find urban population size of each district and its population density. Depending on economic studies of population wealth variation of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the individual waste generation in Hilla districts is 183923 ton /year. A value of 0.93 kg / capita /day is concluded for the year 2012 and may increase with a 4% per year to reach 1.06 kg / capita /day in year 2016. Comparison between the obtained estimation with other studies for other countries, puts Iraq in class of middle income countries.


Article
Poetry Language of Occasions by Eastern Arabs in the Second Half of the Seventh Century Hegira
لغــــــــة شعـــر المناسبات عند المشارقة في النصف الثاني من القرن السابع الهجري

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الخلاصة

Language is the means used by ahuman being in expressing himself and in communicating with others. In poetry , language has a different function as it is the language of emotions, feelings, and imagination; poets are as different in the schools as they are in the way they look at language – not only in this , but in the way they use the language because their work is influenced by a number of factors like the nature of the society in which they live . Poetry of occasions in the second half of Abbasiyed period is quite different from that of the pervious ages. This study has unfolded a number of comes out. Expression had a significant role in the making of the language of the poetry of festivals in this period ; and these expressions acquired their importance , connotation and their semantic function from the context . Expressions are recognized by both clarity and simplicity . In spite of this , we find some poets eager to use inherited vocals in some occasions and some of the colloquial and extraneous words were also used by other poets. The reason behind this was the great events represented by invasions that time witnessed . Structure had its role in the making of the language of this poetry and this structure is the result of accordance of pronunciations with each other ; structure was also characterized by methods of postponement and those were considered significant tools which helped the poets in their attempt to express their feeling and emotions .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
APPLICATION OF INTENSIVE PRODUCTION PROGRAM FOR COMMON CARP Cyprinus carpio FINGERLINGS IN FISH HATCHERIES A-stage of larvae production
تطبيق برنامج إنتاجي مكثف لاصبعيات اسماك الكارب الاعتيادي Cyprinus carpio في مفاقس الأسماك أ‌- مرحلة انتاج اليرقات

المؤلفون: خليل ابراهيم صالح --- علي رضا حسين
الصفحات: 75-84
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out fish common carp Cyprinus carpio at Al-Furat Fish Company to applied of intensive production program for product 12 million larvae of fish common carp during one production season with out using of temperature control system. The result of this study showed that each breeders batch need 6-10 days in the hatchery and259 female weighing 973kg. in 8 batch can give 184 kg. of eggs and at least 54 million of larvae , The production of eggs from these breeders attained 19.97% (by out of unresponder female) or 199.7gm eggs/1kg of female live weight, which need 245.17 Degree/hours to spawn after the second injection of hormones and the eggs of Common Carp need 59.43-72.28 degree/day for hatching .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Characterization of Borel Soft Lattices

المؤلفون: Zeinab Hassan Abood --- DhuhaAbdulameerKadhim
الصفحات: 81-85
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الخلاصة

Soft set theory was introduced by Molodtsov in 1999 as a general mathematical for dealing with problems that contain uncertainty. In this paper, we define the concept of a soft latticeσ-algebra, measurable soft lattice, open soft sub lattice, open soft lattice, product Borel soft lattice and study their related properties.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The infectivity of larval stage of sheep sarcocystis in final host in Karbala governate .
أمراضية الأكياس المجهرية لطفيلي Sarcocystis المستخرج من الاغنام المصابة في الكلاب في محافظة كربلاء .

المؤلفون: رياض حاتم حداوي --- هادي رسول حسن
الصفحات: 85-91
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الخلاصة

The samples of sarcocystis collected from esophagus sheepsof Karbalaa slaughterous. Through the period that extended from the first December to first September 2012 L 2013 . Diagnosis of the infection of micro cysts of sarcocystis by using pepsin digestion method in (384) slaughter sheep's. In this study the doges were used as a final host, the doges were infected with microcyst , and after 48 h the first groups are sacrified & diagnosis meal mate & female gametes in the intestinal section & after 14 day diagnoses of the sporocyst infesses of second groups was performed then finally were one the second group was sacrified and diagnosed gametocytes and sporocysts in the intestinal section.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Prevalence of Cytomegalovirus among pregnant women relation to congenital abnormalities in embryos and children in Wasit province
انتشارالاصابة بالفايروس المضخم للخلايا اللمفاوية في النساء الحوامل وعلاقته بالاجهاض والتشوهات الخلقية للاجنة والاطفال في محافظة واسط

المؤلفون: Rasha Noori Al-shammary
الصفحات: 86-91
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الخلاصة

Serological examination to detect CMV virus and ultrasound examination to known congenital anomalies in embryos among aborted and pregnant women blood sample of 750 and children blood sample of 36 was carried out in Al – karama hospital and AL-Zahra hospital of Wasit province from January to July 2012. Overall prevalence of CMV (positive cases) was 345 (43.9%). Prevalence of virus increased in age (23-29) and there were highly significantly (P

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluating the Final Tests of Department of History College of Education For Human Sciences in The Light of Bloom’s Taxonomy .
تقويم أسئلة الاختبارات النهائية لقسم التاريخ في كلية التربية للعلوم الإنسانية في ضوء مستويات بلوم المعرفية

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to ( calendar Questions final tests for grades ( the first ' second ' third ' fourth ) in the College of Education for Human Sciences - University of Karbala in the light of the levels of Bloom 's field of cognitive ' In order to stand over the inclusion of questions final tests of history to the levels of Bloom 's field of knowledge ' the sample included research on (95) Question of questions of history divided between the classroom four in the Department of History ' and the use of the percentage equation Scott They found out that the level of understanding received the highest frequencies of (49) again by ( 52%) and got the level of knowledge on (26) again by ( 27%) ' while the application level and the calendar on again and one each (1% ) for each level of ' the diversity of questions and did not find researchers any trace of her , except to repeat one was ' confined all of the essay questions ' In the light of the results researchers recommended the need to focus on the higher levels of Bloom's Taxonomy and give great importance and the need to diversify the questions between the objective and essay .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of adding(Rose marinusofficinalis)and(thymus vulgaris)to broilersdiet on immuneresponse and some physiological parameters of broilers
تاثير اضافة اكليل الجبل ونبات الزعتر الى عليقة فروج اللحم وتاثيره على الصفاة المناعية الفسلجية

المؤلفون: Mahdi Abdraba Al-Shuwaili
الصفحات: 92-97
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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted on 200 unsexed Hubbard Flex chicks of one day old for 42 days. Chicks were randomly divided into 5 groups (40 chick pergroup) and each group consists of two replicates (20 chick pergroup). A grinded leaf of Rosemary and Thyme was supplemented to the ration in different combinations and percentages to investigate their effect on some physiological and immunological characters. Group 1 fed with regulate ration without any supplementation as control group. Group 2, 3, 4 and 5 were fed with the supplementation of 0.25% mixture of Rosemary and Thyme, 0.50% mixture of Rosemary and Thyme, 0.25% of Thyme and 0.50% of Rosemary respectively. No significant effect was found for all groups in antibody titer against NDV and internal organ’sweight; No significant effect was found for all groups in blood pictures (WBCs, RBCs, Hb and PCV).

الكلمات الدلالية

Medicinal plant --- Rosemary --- Thyme --- blood and immunity.


Article
Evaluation the effect of Conmix (SP1B) Superplasticizer on Physical Properties performance of Cement Paste and Mortar
تقييم تأثير الملدن الفائق(Conmix SP1B)على اداء الخواص الفيزيائية لعجينة ومونة السمنت

المؤلفون: جاسم عطية علوان
الصفحات: 92-103
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الخلاصة

The research aim is to study effect of Conmix (SP1B) SuperPlasticizer at its addition to cement mortar with ratios of 1%, 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 3% and 3.5% of cement weight on its properties like compressive and tensile strength, workability and study the ability of cement decreasing in mortar. There are (202) samples have been tested, (16) samples for reference cement paste standard consistency and reference mortar compressive and tensile strength. (6) Samples for the mixed cement paste setting time, (72) samples for the mixed mortar compressive & tensile strengths as per the above addition ratios. The rest are (108) mixed mortar samples for the above compressive and tensile samples as per the above addition ratios but with reducing cement by ratios of 5%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%, 10% of its weight in mortar. Results showed that the best SuperPlasticizer addition ratio in mortar is(2.5%) of cement weight for the compressive strength increasing by (45.51%) and tensile by (15.71%) more than their reference mortar strength, decreasing water weight of reference mortar by(0.5%) for each (1%) addition and the setting time is not affected. The best decreasing cement ratio in cement mortar is(35%)of its weight in reference mortar with addition ratio (2.5%) and gave acceptable compressive& tensile strength by the specifications with good workability and less total cost by (11.29%) of reference mortar according to economic feasibility study for it.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of using Detery Isolate as a separating medium on the transverse strength of cold–cure acrylic resin under different curing pressure

المؤلفون: Raja’a Mahdi Al-Musawi
الصفحات: 98-103
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الخلاصة

Objectives :The present investigation was undertaken to determine the effect of using Detery Isolate (homemade cold mold seal) as a separating medium on the transverse strength of cold –cure acrylic resin material under different curing pressure. Methodology : One hundred identical cold–cure acrylic resin specimen were made and grouped according to curing process, type of separating medium and the amount of pressure applied during processing (30psi, 50psi, 70psi and 90psi). Results: The differences in curing process and pressure applied had considerably different effect on the transverse strength of cold-cure acrylic resin. And there was a significant improvement in transverse strength at high pressure (70psi and 90psi). While there was no significant differences between Detery Isolate and cold mold seal separating media among the tested group. Conclusion: The result suggested that the transverse strength of cold-cure acrylic resin improved by polymerization type and pressure applied and there is no side effect of using Detery Isolate as a separating medium on the transverse strength of cold cure acrylic resin

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of using Olive Oil as a separating medium on the tensile strength of processed cold and heat –cure acrylic Denture base materials (A comparative study)

المؤلفون: Zena Jehad Wally
الصفحات: 104-107
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الخلاصة

Objective :study the effect of olive oil separating medium on the tensile strength of cold and heat processed acrylic denture base materials and compared with those processed with cold mold seal separating medium. Materials and methods:Fourty sample were prepared from heat-cure acrylic resin and cold-cure acrylic resin denture base. The study includes 4 groups of samples depending on the type of processing and type of separating medium that are used in curing process. Each group of them contains 10 samples (3-3). Results: The results showed that there is no significant differences have been observed between olive oil and cold mold seal samples in respect to tensile strength of heat or cold cure acrylic denture base materials, while there is a significant difference between heat and cold- cure specimens regarding tensile strength.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Increasing sulphate content in sand on concrete compressive strength
تأثير زيادة محتوى الاملاح الكبريتية في الرمل على مقاومة انضغاط الخرسانة

المؤلفون: خالد حسن حاوي
الصفحات: 104-115
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الخلاصة

The research is studied the increasing of sulphate problem in fine aggregate of concrete and trying to create the solution for some of high sulphate content out of Iraqi standard specification No. 45 – 1984 through study behavior the two concrete mixes 1:1.5:3 & 1:2:4 by vol. with different proportion additions( 0.5,1,1.5,2)% for sulphate in sand for two mixes to know the negative effect for these additions. The two mixes were produced Concrete with lower ( -15.4,-21.7 )% compression consequently by increasing 2% sulphate in 28 days age in comparison with same referential mixes without sulphate . Adding different proportion additions ( 3 – 26 )% cement and( 1,1.5,2,3)% plasticizer from weight of cement to both of mixes to cure this reduction in compressive strength and to know the effect of each them on compression of high sulphate content concrete . The results shows that the large positive effect was happening in compressive strength with high sulphate content up to 2% which is approach to compression of referential mixture 1:1.5:3 and that effect is less in mix 1:2:4 . The different proportion additions of ( 1,1.5,2,3)% plasticizer from weight of cement to both of mixes gave slightly positive effect on reduction of compressive strength particularly in mix1:2:4 for the compressive strength percent is (-12.3,-17.3) % less than referential mixes in comparison with 1:1.5:3 & 1:2:4 consequently with 2% sulphate and 3% plasticizer content .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Lead acetate on the mycelial growth of some fungi isolated from the soil of Thi- Qar governorate fields – Iraq
تأثير خلات الرصاص على نمو الغزل الفطري لبعض فطريات التربة المعزولة من حقول محافظة ذي قار – العراق

المؤلفون: Ihsan , F.H.AL-Jawhary
الصفحات: 108-116
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الخلاصة

Four fungi were isolated from the rhizosphere of Viccia faba located in the fields of Thi- Qar governorate for estimated their variable resistance to toxic Lead acetate at the different concentration( 50,100 , 250 , 500 ) ppm . These fungi were Aspergillus niger , Rhizopus stolinifer , Trichoderma harzianum and Fusarium solani . The results were showed that the Lead acetate was inhibited the growth of these fungi with all concentrations of Lead acetate on solid media compared with control , but in the broth media the results revealed that Lead acetate act to decrease the dry weight of R.stolinifer T. harzianum and F.solani at all concentrations except R. stolinifer which increase in 250 ppm as compared with control . At the same time the results showed that the dry weight of A. niger was increased with all concentrations of Lead acetate addition .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
AL – Mutazila School and Its Role in Defending The Islamic Creed during Abbasid Era ( Unsheathed Research )
مدرسة المعتزلة ودورها في الدفاع عن العقيدة الاسلامية خلال العصر العباسي

المؤلفون: حيدر خضير مراد
الصفحات: 111-121
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الخلاصة

The main topic of this research is about AL – Mutazila school . This school is considered as one of the main verbal thought in the history of Islam . It has a great role in defending the Islamic creed and facing the foreign thought peacefully during the Abbasid era . Whate is concluded during this research is that AL– Mutazila school has a great role in developing the religious and philosophical thought in Islam. It finds the intellectual origins to the Islamic creed . In addition, Those who belong to AL– Mutazila school contribute actively in transporting the Greek heritage and culture in its philosophical and mental side to the Islamic civilization , and this is done by their acquaintance to this culture and representing its mental and philosophical datum .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Production of antibiotic penicillin from local isolate fungi Penicillium chrysogenum
أنتاج المضاد الحيوي البنسلين من عزلة محلية للفطر Penicillium chrysogenum

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الخلاصة

We can collect isolate of fungus Penicillium chrysogenum from air an able to produce antibiotic the activity of these compound were examined against two kinds bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Escherchia coli , Results revealed that the activity of this antibiotic appeared highly inhibition against S.aureus but its appearance low effect of E.coli growth where the average diameter of inhibitory areas reached 1mm . Many techniques were used in this study for purifird compound diagnosis , Results revealed that antibiotic was completely similar to the penicillin

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Ion-Pair Formation of Tetramethylammonium bromid in Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose-WaterMixtures from Conductivity Measurements
دراسة تكوين مزدوجات ايونية لرباعي مثيل امونيوم بروميد في امزجة هيدروكسي بروبيل مثيل سليلوز مع الماء من قياسات التوصيلية

المؤلفون: Hamieda Edan Salmanand --- Hameed Rida Abed
الصفحات: 117-124
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الخلاصة

The equivalent conductivity (Λ) at different concentrations of (CH3)4NBr Tetrametylammonium bromide (TMAB) solution in hdroxypropylmethylcellulose(HP MC)-water mixtures at 25˚C has been determined from direct conductance measurements. The association constant (Ka) for ion-pair formation and the equivalent conductivity of the electrolyte at infinite dilution (Λە) in the different mixtures component by a least square method with an appropriate computer programme using Shedlovsky method. Density, viscosity and dielectric constant, have been measured for all the solvent mixtures at 25˚C.Walden products (W) have been calculated from the (Λە) and the viscosities (ηᵒ) of the HPMC-water mixtures.

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Article
القبيلة والدولة والشيخ المرابط الأوضاع العامة في إقليم برقة منذ احتلاله من قبل القوات العثمانية في منتصف القرن السابع عشر حتى منتصف القرن التاسع عشر

المؤلفون: جاسم محمد شطب
الصفحات: 122-145
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الخلاصة

This research is around the general conditions of Barqa since the Modern ages until the mid of nineteenth century At the beginning ,however ,to say something about the origin of the name of Barqa and its geography in brief and the influence of this on economic circumstances, the cultivation and greasing in particular the relation of these to crafts to the trade in pastoral and agricultural ,goods then to commerce through Sahara and domestic industry .The research will also shed lights and social side of wilderness as tribal formulations their origins, alliances, immigration, economies and the civil gatherings in Benghazi Darna and Jaghboob will include in summary, the religious side and the role played by the religious mam (Al Murabit),in addition the political situations will be studied of the last series of conflict in side of the Qaramanlic dynasty, and its declination.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Measurment of Radon concentration in the ceramics samples using SSNTD(LR115 II )
قياس تركيزغاز الرادون في نماذج السيراميك بأستخدام كاشف الأثر النووي(LR115 II)

المؤلفون: HASSAN MAKTUFF JABER --- ZAMAN SAHB MAHDI
الصفحات: 125-128
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الخلاصة

In this work,we have measured the concentration of radon gas in nine ceramics samples from different origins by using of long-term measurement of radon decay products with solid state nuclear track detectors which alpha particles that emitted from radon gas was detected using (LR115II) nuclear track detector. The obtained results show that, the highest average radon gas concentration in ceramics samples was found in Chinese (Porclain )sample, which was (16.88 Bq/m3) ,while the lowest one was found in (U.M.A) (Porclain) sample, and found to be ( 6.732 Bq/m3) .

الكلمات الدلالية

Radon --- LR115II --- Ceramics --- Density track --- Activity. الملخص :-


Article
Detection of Neisseria meningitidis in blood samples by PCR technique and bacterial Culture
الكشف عن بكتريا Neisseria meningitidis في عينات الدم باستخدام تقنية الـPCR والزرع البكتيري

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الخلاصة

The Meningitis of important disease and controversial attention as it gives some conditions as a result of culture negative in spite of the presence of symptoms and clinical inflammatory response was due to the treatment pre- antibiotic , so it was chosen this study to shed light on identifying diagnostic accuracy and clinical benefit of the methods used to detect for Neisseria meningitidis bacteria in samples of blood . Included the current study, 50 cases of suspicious infected with meningitis or septicemia from both sex and by age from 40 day to 14 year outpatient hospital Karbala education for children and Hussein Hospital of education and who have been diagnosed clinically by specialist doctors at the hospital since collected samples of blood were withdrawn for the same people under study and admitted to the emergency unit or intensive care unit (ICU) or transitional diseases unit. blood samples were cultured in traditional media, as well as the DNA was extracted from bacterial samples of blood for the purpose of detecting the presence of the ctrA gene using a technique the PCR. The study results showed that the routine culture method gave the bacteriological test result negative rate of 0.0% for blood samples while when using the PCR technique was the number of cases diagnosed to the presence of bacterial gene 15 cases ( 30.0 % ) of the total blood samples . well as the results showed high incidence of bacterial meningitis disease caused by N. meningitidis among males than females , with total cases of the presence in the blood sample of male patients by the way of PCR were nine cases ( 16.1% ) and females six cases ( 13.6% ), In light of the presented results of the study conclude that the PCR technique is the way to the most useful in the detection of bacteria in blood samples of patients with meningitis cases questionable.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Numerical Analysis of MHD Mixed Convection and Fluid Flow in an Enclosure including a Heat Conducting Horizontal semi Circular Cylinders.

المؤلفون: Esam M. Mohamed
الصفحات: 129-148
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الخلاصة

In the present work a numerical study for the effect of magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) mixed convection flow in a vertical lid-driven square enclosure including a horizontal heat conducting semi circular cylinders on the upper and lower surfaces with Joule heating has been performed. The horizontal walls are partially insulated. The right vertical wall was maintained at uniform temperature higher than the left moving wall. The transport equations along with appropriate boundary conditions are first transformed into non-dimensional form. The resulting non-linear system of partial differential equations are solved numerically employing the finite element formulation based on the Galerkin's method. The computation is carried out for a wide range of relevant parameters. Parametric studies of the fluid flow and heat transfer are performed for the effects of variation of magnetic parameter (Hartmann number Ha), Joule heating parameter (J), Richardson number (Ri) and Reynolds number (Re). Results are presented for the above parameters effects on the contours of streamlines and isotherms. Besides, the heat transfer rate in terms of the local and average Nusselt number (Nu & Nuav.) at the hot wall and average temperature of the fluid in the enclosure are offered for the mentioned parametric values. A two-dimensional laminar viscous non-compressible fluid flow was considered. The results indicated that the Hartmann number (Ha), Richardson number (Ri) and Reynolds number (Re) have strong influence on the streamlines and isotherms. On the other hand, Joule heating parameter (J) has little effect on the streamlines patterns, but a significant effect on isotherms is observed. Finally, the obtained results demonstrate that the mentioned parameters have significant effect on the local and average Nusselt number at the hot wall and the average temperature of the fluid in the enclosure. The validity of the current numerical code used is ascertained by comparing the results with previously published results under the same conditions.

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Article
دراسة التعدد المظهري لجين Angiotensin Converting enzyme (ACE) gene Polymorphism مع متلازمة تكيس المبيض المتعددPolycystic ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

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الخلاصة

The Present study was determined Correlation between polymorphism of Angiotensin converting enzyme gene (ACE) and Pathological the PCOS, A significant difference (P≤ 0.001) in percentages for the three alleles frequency (II, ID , DD) and between allele D and I between the two groups, that percentages Reached 20 % , 73.85 % , 6.15 % Compared to 17 % , 78% , 5% Respectively and also found A significant difference between frequency of allele (D) and allele (I) that percentage of Reached 56.92 % , 56 % to frequency allele (D) , As percentage frequency to allele (I) Reached 43.08 % , 44% Respectively, A same significant difference found in the frequency of alleles within each group (PCOS and control); in addition the DI allele increased significantly in both groups; and .with decreased II frequency in two groups compare with frequency others Alleles .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة نسجية للمستخلص الكحولي لبذور نبات الحرمل Peganum harmala L. على طبقات قشرة المخيخ لذكور الأرانب البيض

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الخلاصة

The study involved twelve healthy adult male rabbit white(Lepus arcticus), the average weight (1,530-1,495)k.g and (6-8) month old.The rabbits were divided to two group , the first group was involved (6) rabbit that treatement of the alcoholic extract of the peganum harmala seeds concentration (30)mg/k.g,the second group was involved (6) rabbit was control treated with distteld water.The study aimed to determine the effect of peganum harmala extracts on the thickness layers in cerebrallum cortex and mean diameter in the cells of one each layer,in this study was found:- 1- Significant dicrease(p<0.05) in thickness of purkinje layer and mean diameter of purkinje cells compared with control group. 2- Significant dicrease(p<0.05) in thickness of inner granulous layer and mean diameter of cells in the same layer compared with control group. 3-No significant (p>0.05) in thickness of molecular layer and mean diameter of cells in the same layer compared with control group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
المكتبات العامة ودورها في تنمية رأس المال الاجتماعي : المكتبة المركزية العامة في محافظة كربلاء أنموذجا

المؤلفون: فيصل علوان الطائي
الصفحات: 146-165
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الخلاصة

The research aims to define the role of the Central Library public in the city of Karbala , in the development of social capital , as it is the social capital one indicators of prosperity and growth of the community on a global level , adopted Find the survey method , and use the questionnaire as a tool to collect research data , depending on the scale (SOCAT), It was the drafting of paragraphs within five axes , namely, ( the values and ethics of working in the library / development of relations with the beneficiaries / confidence building / public relations and promotion of library services / investment potential of the library to better serve the community) and the research community (21) of workers in the library out of ( 28) , and use both the center- premise and weight percentile as methods in statistical data analysis , research has come to a number of conclusions, including : - Contributed to community activities carried out by the library in achieving significant growth in its relations with the community through interaction with the departments , schools and civil society organizations. The research found a number of recommendations, including : - Take advantage of the large number of civil society organizations and charities that rely volunteer work for the purpose of supporting the efforts of the library service in the community.

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Article
Morphology and molecular by RT-PCR Identification of local isolate fungi Penicillium chrysogenum
التشخيص المظهري والجزيئي بتقانة متعدد البوليمريز المتسلسل نوع الحقيقي ( PCR-RT ) لعزلة محلية للفطرchrysogenum Penicillium.

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الخلاصة

We can be isolated alocal fungus was Penicillium , the morphological diagnosis by used PDA ,CZA , YEA and molecular diagnosis by RT-PCR results proved that the isolate was belonging to the fungus P.chrysogenum.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
DIAGNOSTICS OF POLISACCHARIDE EPR PYROLYSIS

المؤلفون: Hussen Ali Noor
الصفحات: 149-157
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الخلاصة

The electron paramagnetic resonance(EPR) method is successfully used for diagnostics of the material properties and of the processes involving unpaired electrons. The paper presents an analysis of new potentialities in the development of the EPR method, as applied to the pyrolytic decomposition processes of carbon-containing materials, and of peculiarities in the paramagnetic properties formation of a pyrolysis product. A considerable widening of the scope of EPR spectroscopy both in research and in the applied problems solving has been observed since the development of compact specialized EPR analyzers, characterized by high metrological potentialities due to the abandoned functional redundancy of the conventional multi-purpose EPR spectrometers and owing to the use of modern microwave elements, microwave engineering as a whole, and a new structure of the basic analyzer units.

الكلمات الدلالية

method EPR --- carbon --- Pyrolysis --- spectroscopy methods --- carbon-containing materials --- microwave.


Article
Extrication and Identification of some flavonid compounds from grape seeds Shada Sodda, Bedha Vitis vinifera L. and waste of grape juice by chromatographic liquid high-performance (HPLC)
اســــتخلاص وتشخيص بعض المركبات الفلافونويدية مــن بــذور العنب شــــدة سوداء وبيضاء . Vitis vinifera L ومخلفات عصير العنب بكروماتوكرافي السائل عالي الأداء

المؤلفون: اشراق منير محمد
الصفحات: 156-162
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الخلاصة

Four Flavonid compound have been extracted from the seeds of two different species of grapes named( Shadaa Sodda and Bedha) and waste of grape juice, the leaves were hydrolyzed to break the glycosides linking of the Flavonid glycosides by Soxhelt (Petroleum ether) at temperatures from 60 to 80 m for a period of 6 hours, followed by extracting the powder to the device for 8 hours by a mixture of solvents consisting of methanol: water: acetic acid (0.5:9.5:90), and diagnosed in the extracts as Catechin and λ- procatechin in black grape seed, and Epicatechin in white grape seed,and Catechol in the waste of grape juice, using the technique chromatographic liquid high-performance, (HPLC) , used a column separate from the type of O.D.S and the volume of minutes 10 mm (Mm) (250 mm x 2 mm) , Mobile phase is bytanol: acetic acid: water (374:1:11) h / h , a Flow rote1.5 ml / min, Temperature 30 m, and the wave length) the user is 280 nano-meter of the detector.

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Article
The interaction of heigh frequency electromagnetic field with the electrons of atom using relativistic quantum mechanics.
تفاعل مجال كهرمغناطيسي ذو تردد عالي مع الكترونات الذرة بأستخدام ميكانيك الكم النسبي

المؤلفون: Abbas Ahmed Ali
الصفحات: 158-174
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الخلاصة

when electromagnetic wave interact with electron of an atom the electron can be translat between two discrete levels The initial and final state belongs to discrete eigin values. But if the frequency of the incident wave is large enough to free the electron, the final state will be belongs to continuous spectrum. There are two cases. If the frequency is very high in such a way that the free electron emit's from the atom have very high speed and can be compared with the velocity of light in this case we must use Dirac equation and we must find the cross-section of interaction of the electromagnetic wave with the electron and use Dirac-eq to find the final wave function of electron .i.e we must use relativistic quantum –mechanics to do that. In the case that the frequency of the electromagnetic wave is small we can use classical quantum mechanics where many scientist's did that and find result's agree with experiment's

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
INDIVIDUAL AND COMBINED EFFECT OF DIFFERENT HERBICIDES IN WEED CONTROL, GROWTH AND YIELD OF WHEAT
التأثير المنفرد والمشترك لبعض المبيدات الكيميائية في مكافحة الأدغال و نمو وحاصل الحنطة

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الخلاصة

A field study was conducted during2010-2011at Sheak Saad region/Wasit governorate, Iraq,to evaluate the individual and combined effect of different herbicides in weed control in wheat cultivar IPA99.The experiment was laid out in RCBD with 3 replicates.The experiment comprised of9treatments with herbicides and a weedy check.The herbicidal treatments were applied at post emergence the herbicide were the post-emergence application of2.4-D(1L per ha) , Granstar 75 DF ( 10 and 15g per ha ) , Topik ( 400ml per ha) alone or combine as mixed or sequently . Data were recorded on weed density m- 2 at physiological maturity, weed control percentage, plant height, number of tiller ,number of spikes , number of seed per spike , length of spike, biological yield (Kg ha- 1) and grain yield (Kg ha-1 ). Result showed that all herbicide treatments had significant effect in weed density and weed control percentage compared with control. High effect in weed density were recorded in combined treatments herbicides by percentage control 87 to 95 %, compared with herbicides alone applied which were recorded less effect in weed density by percentage control 56 to 75% . Weed control by using Granstar 75 DF 15gha-1+ Topik 400mlha-1 was a recorded best number of tillers, number of spikes and high grains yield( 1147 Kgha) and the percentage increasing was 52% to grains yield. However, not significant effect in yield and yield component were observed when using herbicide alone does not to Topik treatment alone, compared with control. Therefore it can be concluded that the application of Granstar 75 DF 15gha-1 + Topik 400mlha-1 was the most efficient herbicide in term of weed control and the positive consequences on grain yield and yield components of wheat compared with other treatments.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Habeeb Bin Muthahir Al-Aside and his Role in the Tiff Battle
حبيب بن مظاهر الأسدي ودوره في معركة الطف

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الخلاصة

An examiner of Habeeb Bin Muthahir Al-Assadi 's attitudes during the Taff Battle, finds a lot of situations and exemplars where one can benefit from in this life for they give us much humane attitudes like altruism, sacrifice, and patience. Such traits are typical of Al-Imam Al-Hussain's companions. Hence, we should study such attitudes and compare them to our attitudes in life to see how far we have departed from God' path and the our true religion and our Prophet and his Household (PBUT). Our study of such attitudes reflect to us a number of lessons which we direly need and through them we add to our heritage a number of lessons and examples where the reader finds pleasure in reading them.

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Article
دراسة وظيفية ووراثية عن بعض تأثير ازالة المبايض على الدماغ والحبل الشوكي في اناث الارانب المحلية

المؤلفون: همام علي هادي --- وفاق جبوري البازي
الصفحات: 173-183
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الخلاصة

The present study was conducted to determine the impact ovarectomy in rabbits on the nervous tissue of the brain and spinal cord and some changes to the standards physiological and molecular genetic of the gene Gadd 153. 16 animals were divided at randomuy from the adult rabbits into two groups rabbits( 8 / group ) were considered the control group G1 ) ( while the second group was treated to remove the ovaries and considered G2 for six months )Samples collected by direct cardiac puncture (heart puncture)and drag Alambashrell-CSF on order to the following criteria:- High density lipoprotine-cholesterol HDL-c, Low density lipoprotine-cholesterol LDL-c, Very low density lipoprotine-cholesterol VLDL-c, Total cholesterol TC, TriacylglycerolTG, Estrogen hormone E2, glucose and total protein of CSF and serum Blood in the brain and spinal cord in addition to study changes in the molecular genetic of GADD153 gene in ovarictomized female rabbits ovaries removed using local technology. Real time PCR The results of the current study : - - Showed significant decrease E2andprotein andHDL-c (P>0.05) in G2. also there ware significant increase (P>0.05)glucose andLDL-c and ,TC,TG, VLDL-c in G2 compared with the control group G1. The result also - Showed significant decrease(P>0.05) the level of glucose and a significant increase (P>0.05)glucose in the cerebrospinal fluid of G2 group compared with the control group G1. - the molecular Genetic study results indicated higher gene expression to gene Gadd 153 compared with the control group G1.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Design device to measure the speed of objects

المؤلفون: Khawla J.Tahir --- alaa mohammed
الصفحات: 175-183
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الخلاصة

Speed measurements are very important in many applications, Speed objects measuring device measure the quicken moving objects by using two lasers transit with 60 cm distance and give the time of objects passing through the two lasers and then calculate the speed by use the equation(3), wide diffusion in very different fields is due not only to the high sensitivity and reliability of laser techniques, but also to availability expenditure optical components, high quality and low-cost laser. Laser sources have been already successfully applied.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The feminist Production of the Arab East Verse Drama1960 - 2000
المنتج النسوي في مسرح المشرق العربي الشعري من 1960 – 2000

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الخلاصة

Since woman has been one of the forces that shaped the features of the Twentieth Century , her literary production became of great significance . It is noted that woman has not been actively engaged with verse drama if we exclude three attempts by female poets who did not receive their due critical merit like Attiqa Al – Khazraji , Jaleela Ridha , and Wafaa Wajdi let alone that the interest in verse drama after it has settled during the 60s and the 70s of the preceding century , witnessed a recession during the following decades whether in terms of production or criticism versus the other dramatic arts like the novel and the short story . Therefore , the few texts in this domain constituted an important field of study because they reflect a concentrated aspect of one of the genres which shaped the human civilization since the times of the Greeks until the Renaissance. This laconism of production urged the researcher to delve deep into whys and wherefores of the absence of woman writing within this genre . Woman has encountered many impediments when she wanted to embark on a literary writing mission and particularly the writing for the theater and more specifically verse drama .The paper tried to dig deep into how the image of woman was depicted through two dimensions ; the first is the feminist voices in the play " Baisan and the Seven Doors" by Wafaa Wajdi . The second is feminine representation of ( Baisan) and to be balanced with the patriarchal portrayal of (Ameera) in Salah Abdul – Sabour play (the Princess is waiting) . The paper concluded that the feminine experience conveys feminine experience conveys feminist features of writing distinguishing her from men

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
WATER VAPOR EFFECT ON 3-5 μm Band THERMAL IMAGING IN KARBALA CITY
تاثير بخار الماء على التصوير الحراري في المدى (3-5 مايكرومتر) في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة

المؤلفون: FADHIL K. FULIFUL
الصفحات: 184-191
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الخلاصة

This paper analyzes the effect of water vapor on the accuracy of thermal images in blessed Karbala city. The distribution of water in the atmosphere varies strongly with time, location and height, which makes it difficult to model. The amounts of water vapor which are used in this research depending on the experimental data from Iraq Meteorological Organization and Seismology. The IR transmission is considered a very important parameter that has to be taken in account in thermal imaging. FORTRAN Program of an empirical expression for atmospheric attenuation as a function of wavelength and visible range in case of dust is used in this work .The IR transmissions at different extents(100,200,300,400,500,600,700,800,900m) and different concentrations of water vapor (59.1, 97 .4,167, 222.7, 310.7, 395.4, 432.9, 388.7, 300.2 mm at months JAN., FEB., MAR., APR.,MAY., JUN., JUL., AUG., SEP., respectively for 2013 year) on 3-5 μm bands are calculated .The results show that at high concentration of water vapor and long distance the thermal images vanish, also at low concentration and long distance the image does not recognized.

الكلمات الدلالية

thermal imaging --- IR Bands --- IR transmissions --- Atmosphere Attenuation.


Article
تأثير ضوء الشمس على سمية مبيد الدلابون الحادة والمزمنة باستخدام برغوث الماء Daphnia longispina كمؤشر حيوي

المؤلفون: أمنة كاظم مراد
الصفحات: 184-189
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الخلاصة

The effect of sun light on acute and chronic toxicity of dalapon herbicide using Daphnia longispina as a bioindicater had been studied by determination the median lethal concentration (LC50) in(48h) by using series concentrations ranged from(30 - 5)mgl. It was found that the LC50 was (12.5)mgl, and the results showed asignificant effect of sun light on the acute and chronic toxicity of dalapon herbicide .It was found that exposure of herbicide concentration to sun light lead to a significant decrease in Dalapon toxicity ,this means that the toxicity of photolysis products of Dalapon was less than original form and the photolysis decreased the bioavailability of various concentration of Dalapon on the toxic effect on D. longispina.

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Article
Bioassay of the Beauveria bassiana(Bals.)Vuill fungi on the Fig moth Ephestia Cautella (Walk. ((Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in vitro
التقييم الحيوي مختبريا للفطرBals.)Vuill ) Beauveria bassiana على الاطوار المختلفة لعثة التين (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Ephestia Cautella (Walk.)

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الخلاصة

A bioassay for three different concentrations (1X102, 1X104, 1X106) spore/ml. of the water suspension of the Beauveria bassiana (Bals.)Vuill fungi spores on the eggs, 1st. and last instars, pupas and the adults of fig moth Ephestia Cautella (Walk.) in vitro. Monitoring the treated eggs and the hatching larvae lasted 5 days and showed that he least hatching percentage was 29.8% at 1X106 spore/ml. and the mortality of larvae peaked to 21.5% with the concentration 1X106 spore/ml. after 3 days. The rest of larvae were monitored till pupation and adult. Mortality of the 1st. instar peaked at 73.14% after 7 days of the 1X106) spore/ml. treatment but it's minimum was 2.4% one day after the 1X102 spore/ml. treatment application. 1X106 spore/ml. Treatment showed the highest effect on the 4th. Instar after 3 days of treatment so mortality was 76.5% , least pupation percentage 69.8% and the least emerge of adults was 64.2%. For pupa treatments, also the concentration 1X106 spore/ml. treatment showed the least emerge of adults 7 days after treatment with 16.22% and the highest effect in the adults mortality was 68.22% 7 days later too. Maximum mortality for adults was 68.22 seven days post treatment with 1X106 spore/ml.. Minimum adult mortality was 4.33 for the treatment with 1X104 spore/ml. one day after treatment.

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Article
On Near Complex Hadamard Matrices
حول المصفوفات المعقدة المقتربة من مصفوفة هادمرد

المؤلفون: Rasha Najah Mirzah
الصفحات: 192-198
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الخلاصة

In this paper we have introduced a matrix with special condition, and called it "near complex Hadamard matrix" and we have studied some basic properties of this matrix, also we have found two types of this matrix and conclude some relationships between them.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Using agricultural waste residue (Rice Bran) as a efficient surface in removing colorful water polluters with Fast Green and comparing its adsorption to pure cellulose surface
أستخدام بقايا الفضلات الزراعية (نخالة الرز ) كسطح كفؤ في ازالة ملو ثات المياه الملونه بـ ((Fast Green ومقارنة امتزازها مع سطح السليلوز النقي.

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الخلاصة

This woke include used simple behaviors to remove organic colors which has low –cost locally available by coreless agriculture remains (Rice bran) and comparative with adsorption on (pure cellulose). In my previous research, two colors of basic dyes (Methylene Blue) (M.B),(Neutral Red) (N.R) were removed from aqueous solution on rice bran surface. In another work we comparing adsorption of( Safranine O) (S.O) in (Rice bran) and (pure cellulose). In this work, comparative study was accrued about colors removal of (Fast Green) dye on rice bran and pure cellulose surface. adsorption process were occurred at different temperatures (25 ,35 ,45 ,55 ) Cº in order to measure the thermodynamic parametersΔ) H,º ΔGº,ΔSº). The Adsorption were repeated at different acidity of solution PH= (3, 7, 10) at constant temperature (25) Cº. Study results showed good adsorption capacity for rice bran against fast green compare pure cellulose . Adsorption isotherms of fast green dye obeyed ( Frindlish) adsorption isotherms indicating the homogeneity of pure cellulose and rice bran. From the thermodynamic parameter values showed adsorption of pure cellulose and rice bran is exothermic process the adsorption enhanced decrees by increasing Temperature. It can be concluded from the results of the present study that the process of adsorption of fast green dye on pure cellulose and rice bran may be used effectively to remove the dye from aqueous medium.

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Article
المنظومة الفكرية عند الإباضية في الدولة الرستمية قراءة في تلاقي الفرق وافتراقها

المؤلفون: هاشم ناصر حسين الكعبي
الصفحات: 198-211
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الخلاصة

This paper tackles the secrets the Ibadhia faction which is a unified Islamic faction and then the paper discusses its disbandment into groups and movement which diverged from the original intended path and whether the from of government is based on inheritance or choice . The paper observed such issues according to two basic demands . The first : The phases of the presence of the Ibadhia faction were observed and also its religious affiliation between the East and the West . The second : The disbandment of this faction and its groups that deviated from the path of the heir to the rule of the Imam , all were studied

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Article
Synthesis of new 1,3- oxazepine - 4,7- dione derivatives containing azo group and 1,3,4- thiadiazole moiety and preliminary evaluation of their antibacterial activity
تحضير مشتقات 1,3- أوكسازبين 4-,7- دايون جديدة حاوية على مجموعة الأزو و وحدة 1,3,4- ثاياديازول وتقييم أولي لفعاليتها ضد البكتريا

المؤلفون: Zeid Hassan Abood --- Murtadha Mohammed Hussein
الصفحات: 199-227
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الخلاصة

In this work new 1,3-oxazepine-4,7-dione derivatives containing azo group and 1,3,4-thiadiazole moiety have been synthesized. At first, the primary aromatic amine 2-Amino-5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole was converted to the corresponding azoaldehyde derivative containing 1,3,4-thiadiazole moiety 1 via coupling reaction between its diazonium salt and alkaline solution of 2-hydroxybenzaldehyde as coupling reagent. Next , the resulting azoaldehyde derivative 1 was respectively introduced in acid-catalyzed condensation reactions with the primary aromatic amines (3-nitroaniline, 4-methoxyaniline, 2,4- dimethylaniline, 4- hydroxyaniline) in absolute ethanol to give four new azoimine derivatives containing1,3,4-thiadiazole moiety 2a-d respectively . Later , treatment of the resulting azoimine derivatives 2a-d with each maleic and Phthalic anhydrides under the same cycloaddition reaction conditions afforded eight new 1,2-disubstituted-1,3-oxazepine -4,7-dione derivatives 3a-d and 4a-d respectively. The structures of all synthesized oxazepine derivatives 3a-d and 4a-d were confirmed by (C.H.N.S.) elementary micro analysis and the spectral methods including FT-IR and 1H NMR for most derivatives (3a, 3b, 3d, 4a, 4c and 4d) . The synthesized oxazepine compounds (3a, 3b, 3c and 4b) were tested for their antibacterial activity against two pathogenic strains of bacteria, Staphylococcus aureous (Gram - positive) and Escherichia coli (Gram - negative). The results revealed that the tested oxazepine derivatives showed inhibition activity against Gram - positive bacteria is relatively higher than that of Gram - negative.


Article
Screening of local fungal isolates and optimization environmental conditions for kojic acid production from Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus flavus
غربلة العزلات الفطرية و تحديد الظروف البيئية المثلى لانتاج حامض الكوجيك من الفطرين A.fumigatus و A. flavus

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الخلاصة

Thirty one fungal isolates belong to the two genera Aspergillus and Penicillium. The two local fungal isolates Aspergillus fumigatus24 and A.flavus29 were chosen as the most efficient two isolates for kojic acid(KA) producrion. The environmental conditions for kojic acid production from Aspergillus fumigatus24 and A.flavus29 were studied and the results showed that incubation in static conditions at (35 and 30)̊C for (18 and 20)days gave the highest production of (KA), respectively

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Article
دراسة التعدد المظهري لجين مستقبل البروجستيرون progesterone receptor gene Polymorphism (PGR) في النساء المصابات بمتلازمة تكيس المبيض المتعدد (PCOS)

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to demonstrate the relationship between the polymorphism of the progesterone receptor gene with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the result showed Reduction the Percentage of Allelic form T1T1 in women that Injury with PCOS and With differences In comparison with control women (P≤ 0.001)., where the Percentage was amounted 57.69% and 92% respectively , and the allelic frequency for T1T2 was High in PCOS women at 38.64% In comparison with control women that was at 6 % , While the Percentage of allelic frequency of T2T2 was didn't differences in both Samples ( control & PCOS) , where were low in both groups at 3.85 % in POS and 2 % in control. This result was showed the Correlation of mutant allelic type T2T2 and differential type T1T2 and the Percentage of all T2 allele with PCOS and that may be the cause of injury the high proportion of women PCOS disease with various cancers women's.

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Article
The effect of using different feeding period on broiler performance
تأثير استخدام فترات مختلفة للتغذية على الأداء الإنتاجي لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to compaire the effect of different periodical feeding on broiler performance. 1746 of Ross broiler chicks were randomly distributed in the treatment with three replicates per treatment, using the complete randomized design (CRD) as follows: 1-The first treatment (control) divided periodically as fallowing; (1-10)day (11-24)day (25-32)day 2-The second treatment (control) divided periodically as fallowing; (1-13)day (14-23)day (24-32)day 3- The third treatment (control) divided periodically as fallowing; (1-15)day (16-28)day (29-32)day The chicks were fed for the three period and the first period and all treatment as the fallowing; 1-The first period22.2 % protein,2921 kcal/kg 2- The second period20.4 % protein,3021 kcal/kg 3- The third period19 % protein,3074 kcal/kg Results showed that the periodical feeding system for treat 3 significantly improved the body weight , weight gain , conversion efficiency, feed intact, index production , maturity ratio ,percentage of carcass cuts, and carcass yield in all treatment (P<0.05).

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Article
دراسة الفعالية التثبيطية للزايليتول في الحركي الخلوي IL-1β المستحث بعديد السكريد الشحمي المستخلص من بكتريا A. actinomycetecomitans

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الخلاصة

Isolated 22 isolation from Aggregatibacter actinomycetecomitans of (70) people from patients with Periodontitis for the period between the February2013 to June 2013 and infection rate was ( 31.4% ) and bacteria diagnosed by conducting tests of morpholo -gical and biochemical. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was extracted from bacteria using (LPS Extraction Kit) .The effect LPS was tested to induce cytokines , including cytokine IL-1β by estimating the levels of technology (ELISA). Study aimed to the inhibitory effectiveness of xylitol on LPS inducement by local injection for LPS two doses in gingivalis male rats which were divided into three groups injected first with LPS ,injected Other xylitol with LPS, either was injected with normal saline promised as a control. The results showed sig nificant differences the groups , and increased levels of cytokines in the serum of rats after 24 and 48 h of injection, the highest value recorded in the group treated with LPS and two doses was(33359.50 &31477.83)Pico g/ml for interleukin IL-1β first dose after24 -48 h respectively,compared to control(18810.33&21110.00 ) Pico g / ml for the first dose , while the second was ( 31727.83 & 33842.83) Pico g / ml sequentially as well and compared to control for the second dose was ( 19043.66 & 21276.66 ) Pico g / ml respectively , the study also showed that xylitol may inhibited LPS induced IL-1β in second group and decrease significant when compared to the group LPS and control , which were ( 25634.66 & 26234.66 ) Picot g / ml , respectively, for the first dose , while the second was (26340.38& 26801.94 ) Pico g / ml sequentially as well, and thus conclude that the xylitol inhibition effectiveness of against LPS induced to produce inflammatory cytokines

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Article
Histological and physiological study about effect of chronic x-ray exposure on male rabbit brain
دراسة نسجية ووظيفية عن تاثير التعرض المزمن للاشعة السينية في دماغ ذكور الارانب

المؤلفون: AL-Bazii, W,J --- AL-Bazii , S.J
الصفحات: 228-234
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الخلاصة

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of x-ray exposure on some physiological parameters and pathological lesions in the brain on male rabbits . Twenty male rabbits were randomly divided into two groups (10/group) control(C) and group exposed to 100kilorad (Cx) .After three months was showed there was a significant increase(p<0.05) in the Malondialdehyde (MDA)level and Ach esterase activity , significant decrease (p<0.05) in reduced glutathione (GSH) level in brain tissue and a significant increase (p<0.05) in MDA , glucose ,total cholesterol(TC) ,triacyglyserol (TAG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) in the serum and a significant decrease (p<0.05) in high density lipoprotein (HDL) and protein concentration in the serum group which exposed to x-ray compare with the control group . The microscopical examination was shown in the Cx group brain tissue characterized by necrosis and congestion compare with control group . In conclusion , the 100kilorad x-ray exposure in male rabbits showed increase in the oxidative stress markers and Ach esterase activity in brain tissue and serum ,pathological lesions in the brain tissue of male rabbits .

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Article
RESPONCE OF WHEAT TO MAGNETIZER WATER AND FOLIAR APPLICATION OF IRON
استجابة الحنطة للرش بالماء الممغنط والحديد

المؤلفون: حميد عبد خشان الفرطوسي
الصفحات: 232-237
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الخلاصة

A field study was conducted during winter season in 2011-2012 at Field Crop Department - Agriculture College - Kerbala University , to evaluate the response of wheat to application of iron and magnetized wateron wheat plant (var.Tahadi). Theexperiment was laid out in R.C.B.D with split plot arrangement with 3 replicates.The main plots included three levels of magnetize water strength( 0( normal water), 1500, and 3000) Gauss while the subplots included three levels of iron concentration (0, 50 and 100) mg.L-1. Datarecorded were plant height, number of tillers ,number of spikes , number of seeds per spike , length of spike, weight of 1000 grain and grain yield (Kg. ha-1 ). Results showed a significanteffect ofmagnetized water at 1500 GS gave the highest number of tillers,number of spikes, and grain yield (Kg ha-1 )and its recorded 677 tillers,654 spikes, 12.83 cm, 63.62 grain and 7451 Kg ha-1 compared with 544 tillers, 531spikes,11.94 cm, 60.38grain and 5223 Kg ha-1 with normal water respectively, while magnetized water at 3000 GS gave significantly affected in weight of 1000 grain only. Iron concentration applied at 50 mg was significant on number of tillers, number of spikes, length of spike and number of grains per spike, while the concentration at 100 mg was significant in plant height only. Interaction was significant in plant height, number of grainsweight of 1000 grains and grain yield (Kg ha-1 ).

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Article
Effect of using Abate (temephose) in some Bological characters on water flea Daphnia magna
تأثير استعمال مبيد Abate (Temephose) في بعض الصفات الحياتية لبرغوث الماء Daphnia magna

المؤلفون: سوسن درويش جاري --- رافد عباس العيسى
الصفحات: 238-247
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to determine the effect of the insecticide Abate in some Biological characters on water flea Daphnia magna. Using a series of concentrations namely (0.25 – 0.5 – 0.75 – 1- 1.25) µg/L the experiments carried on different environmental conditions (absent of oxygen , present of oxygen , addition of some suspension particles),in order to study the effect of these particles on the studying characters . The results indicated that the mortality percentage has a positive relationship with the utilizing concentrations , the LC50 for Abate on Daphnia magna was 0.99 µg/L but when the suspension particles were used this value raised to (1.19 – 1.16) for bentonite and clay as sequence at a period of continuous exposure. The results of Abate treatment at a period of chronic exposure on some reproduction indicators ( number of broods for each female and the juveniles number rate for each brood). And the results showed that using of this insecticide leaded to significant reduce in both parameters on all cases of treatments (absent of oxygen , present of oxygen , addition of some suspension particles) . as well as these results effected on life tables of Daphnia magna because it cased reduced in the values of net replacement rate (RO) and the intrinsic rate of increase (rm).

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Article
Effect of adding seed black (Nigella sativa) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris( powders on the microbial content in the alimentary canal and some of carcass features for two hybrids of broiler chicks
تأثير اضافة مسحوقي الحبة السوداء(Nigella sativa) و الزعتر (Thymus vulgaris) على المحتوى المايكروبي في القناة الهضمية وبعض صفات الذبيحة لهجينين من فروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted at poultry research station of karbala Agricultural foundation during the period of 03/04/2014-22/05/2014 to identify the effect of adding black seeds (Nigella sativa) and thyme (Vulgaris vulgaris) on the microbial content and some of carcass features , for two different hybrids (Ross and Cobb) of broiler chicks. This experiment was carried out, using completely randomized design and as a factorial experiment, on 120 broiler chicks of each of the un-sexed hybrids mentioned above,distributed to 24 cages (1×1.5 m2/ cag).Six nutrition treatments each containing two replicates (10) were used. For each hybrid, black seed and thyme powders were added individually or mixed with the main diet to obtain the final ratio of 10 g./ kg. Results showed that no significant differences were found between the nutrition treatments and the studied features as well as the interaction between the boiler chick species and the nutrition treatments

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Article
القواعد القانونية في شروط المقاولة ذات العلاقة بعملية إدارة وتخطيط كلفة مشاريع التشييد

المؤلفون: سوسن رشيد محمد --- محمد نعمة أحمد
الصفحات: 253-276
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الخلاصة

The commitment of the governments of the world to its citizens in terms of providing basic services, each of which makes her biggest patron of the construction projects, and therefore more will suffer from the complexity of the relationship between the parties involved in those projects. Therefore, the government has always been keen to coordinate and organize and regulate these relations within the appropriate legal rules, and to ensure updated to suit the requirements of reconstruction needed by their countries and the state of the economy and its potential physical and in line with the changes in the construction industry. Iraq has benefited of course from the experiences of other countries in this area when you put those legal rules, with modifications to suit the conditions in Iraq, and the nature of the political and economic system in it. This research legal rules in terms of conditions of contract trying to investigate the impact of direct and indirect in the process control of the management and planning of construction projects cost, is also trying researcher tracking the impact of great transformation experienced by Iraq in the effectiveness of those legal rules, as well as determine the suitability of the application clauses terms of conditions of contract and how to completeness of what problems may appear to result from the implementation of the project, in addition to the possibility of mind enough to cover the necessary solutions or there is an urgent need for diligence in the text by the authorities concerned, because the efficiency of the legislation may not be clear or the required level. This version requires modifications to avoid or to reduce the jurisprudence when issuing decisions that may be contradictory to the same subject of controversy for various projects this study .Has adopted a model would provide the conditions contract in a different way to some extent in order to solve disputes and enrich the Terms of conditions of contract itself expertise developed and answer questions about the reasons for the differences pertaining to claims for compensation (the cost and / or duration) from the legal point of view, which singled out the Iraqi conditions of contract and FIDIC conditions of contract. In conclusion ensures find a set of conclusions that have been reached, and the most important of the conditions of contract for civil engineering works that have been developed by more than thirty years have not been under any amendments or revisions to suit the current development in the construction sector construction, so it was to make some adjustments were recommended for adoption and has also been included in the form of administrative proposed to represent some of the legal rules contained in the general conditions of the contract.

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Article
The Effect of the Foliar Fertilizer''Algidex''on Vegetative Growth of Some Wheat Cultivars Triticum aestivum L.
تأثير السماد الورقي في صفات النمو الخضري لبعض أصناف الحنطة

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted at Al – Bargah district ( 30 Km ) North East Kerbala city during 2012-2013 from October, 30th 2012 till April ,5th 2013. The aim was to study the effect of the foliar fertilizer ''Algidex '' Wheat cultivars and their.Interaction on vegetive and reproductive stages. Factorial experiement within Completely Rondomized Design(C.R.D) was adopted . the 1st facter was four cultivars of Wheat nomely: Iraq, IPA- 95, Al –Fateh and Sham 6,and the 2nd facter was four concentrations of the foliar fertilizer '' Algidex '' at ( 0 , 2 , 4 and 6) m l . l-1 with 6 replicates. Seeds were sown on 30-11-2012 in a plastic pots filled with 7 kg soil in a rate of 20 seeds thinned to 10 seedlings per pot after the germination . The tolal experimental units were 96 . The foliar application was carried out twice the first time was at the tillering stage on 12-1-2013 and the second time was at the flowering stage. Data were statistically analyzed, means were compared by using L.S.D at 0.05 probalility level . Results revealed that, Al-Fateh cultivar gave the highest values of plant's height, no.of tillers , leaves no. leaf area , dry weight of shoots during the vegetative growth stage, values were 61.7 cm, 3.3 tillers,9.5 leaves , 385.6 cm2 ,1.73 g , respectively. Whereas, the cultivar Sham 6 gave 52.5 cm, 2.4 tillers,8.6 leaves, 212.1 cm2, 1.42 g, for plant's height, no .of tillers, no . of leaves , leaf area , shoot dry weight respectively. While the other cultivars came in between .During the reproductive stage , the cultivar Al –Fateh was also the best giving the heighest values of no. of tillers, leaf area , shoot's dry weight, their corresponding values were 4.8 tillers, 361.2 cm2, 3.98g.Sham 6 cultivar gave lower values of plant's height, no.of tillers ,no. of leaves.The values were 68.2 cm , 3.7 tillers, 14.1 leaves, respectively. Foliar fertilization showed significant effect on the studied traits where 4 ml . l-1 gave the heighest values - during the vegetative stag e . of no . of tillers , shoot dry weight , giving 3.1 tillers , 1.69 g , respectively . Meanwhile , 0 ml .l-1 , treatment gave lower values of plant's height , no.of tillers , no.of leaves , leaf area , , shoot dry weight , giving 55.5cm, 2.5 tillers,7.6 leaves, 175.1 cm 2, 1.37 g respectively, other two cultivars came in between. The same trened was found during the reproductive stage where 4 ml . l-1 of Algidex gave the heighest values of plant's height ,, shoot dry weight , : 74.6 cm, 3.73 g , respectively. On the other hand ,the concentration (0 ml .l -1) gave the lowest values of the following characteristics ; plant's height , no.of tillers , no. of leaves , shoot's dry weight, giving 67.8 cm , 3.3 tillers , 13.8 leaves , 2.48 g respectively . Other two concentrations i.e. 2 and 6 ml .l -1 came in between . However, 6 ml .l-1 treatment was more effective than o and 2 ml.l-1 , treatment. The interaction between the cultivar and Algidex concentration significantly affected studied characteristics during vegetative and reproductive stages.

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Article
The role of zinc and boron in growth of chickpea plant Cicer arietinum L.
دور الزنك والبورون في نمو نبات الحمص Cicer arietinum L.

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الخلاصة

Pots experiment was conducted in the wooden canopy in the botanical garden of Biology Department , College of Education for pure Science, Baghdad University during the growing season 2013 to evaluate the effect of foliar spraying with zinc 0,50,75 mg. L-¹ and boron 0, 25, 50, 75 mg. L-¹ and their interactions on some growth parameters of chickpea plant as relative growth rate, No. of flowers.pot-¹, concentration of nitrogen, phosphrous and calcium. Means were compared by using (LSD) least significant difference test according to the design of the experiment, Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications . Results revealed that foliar spraying with zinc and boron gave a significant effect on the growth parameters of the plant, The interaction between them was significant and the treatment 75 mg . L -¹ zinc and 75 mg .L-¹ boron gave the best values for the relative growth rate and No. of flowers. pot-¹ , but the treatment of 75 mg .L -¹ zinc and 50 mg 1.L-¹ boron gave the best values for the macronutrients.

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Article
Effect of Levels of Phosphors and Zinc on Vegetative Growth of Wheat plant (Triticum aestivum L.)
تاثير مستويات من الفسفور والزنك في النمو الخضري لنبات الحنطة ( Triticum aestivum L.)

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الخلاصة

Plastic pots experiment was performed in greenhouse with Random Complete Block Design(RCBD) with three replications by using wheat plant (Triticum aestivum L.). Increase levels of phosphors fertilizer at a level of (0,150,300kg/ha.) as di-ammonium phosphate and zinc fertilizer at a level of (0,5,10kg/ha.) as zinc sulfate were added. Plant samples(vegetative part) were collected after 46days of germination. Plant height, leaf area, dry weight, concentration of organic materials (chlorophyll, protein and carbohydrate) and concentration of some elements (N,P,K) were determined. Results showed that the application of phosphors fertilizer caused a significant increase in all parameters mentioned above, but zinc sulfate application caused a significant increase in some of them. The interaction between two fertilizers was significant and the highest value of all studied parameters were found at treatment (300kgP/ha.+5kgZn/ha.). Key words : Wheat , Phosphor , Zinc .

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Article
Preparation and Study of Some Optical Properties for the Polystyrene before and after the Addition of the Methyl Blue Material with Various Rates
تحضير و دراسة بعض الخصائص البصرية للبولي ستايرين قبل وبعد إضافة مادة المثيل الزرقاء بنسب مختلفة

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الخلاصة

In this paper, samples of the polystyrene material have been prepared in the form of discs with a diameter of (3cm) and its thickness of (0.384 cm) and added blue material with various weight rates and they are (pure, 10%, 15%). some optical properties of the polystyrene were studied which was prepared before and after adding the Methyl blue material. Through the checking of samples by the absorption and transmission in the range of wave lengths (250-1000)nm by using (UV- Spectrophotometer) and results the absorption coefficient and the optical energy gap were calculated to indirectly transfer the allowed, the forbidden, and the extinct coefficient . Thus ,we come to the conclusion that the values of the absorption Coefficient and the extinction Coefficient for the prepared samples hare increased with the increase of the added rate of the methyl blue whereas the values of the optical energy gap regarding the allowed and prevented indirect transfer hare decreased with the increase of the added rate of the methyl blue .

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Article
RESPONSE OF TWO RICE VARIETIES UNDER SPRAY OF FOUR LIQUID VEGETAL ORGANIC MATTER
استجابة صنفين من الرز لرش أربع مواد عضوية نباتية سائلة

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in the Al-Mishkhab Rice Research Station at Najaf governorate during two rice seasons 2009 and 2010 to study the response of two rice varieties(Anber33 and Jasmine) for certain foliar organic fertilizers (Agriful Antisal, Agriful, Tecamin Raiz, Tecno Kel) and its effect on yield and yield components in comparison with recommended chemical fertilizer. These fertilizers were added by spread method onto plant and soil used the different amounts and time for each fertilizer. The experiment designed used RCBD. The results revealed asignificant superiority of Agriful fertilizer in vegetative growth(Plant high, sterility percentage, weight of dry matter), and yield and yield components(Panicle number, spikelet number per panicle, 1000 grain weight, grain yield) of two rice varieties and seasons.

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Article
Knowledge of Sheep Breeders in Veterinary Care Field in Karbala Province
معرفة مربي الأغنام في مجال الرعاية البيطرية في محافظة كربلاء المقدسة

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الخلاصة

Targeted search was conducted to determine the level of knowledge for educators in the field of veterinary care for sheep in the province of Karbala , and to determine the level of knowledge of educators in each axis of the axes of veterinary care for sheep , as well as to identify the relationship cognitive level of educators in all of the independent variables namely ,age, educational attainment, experience, and participate in the training courses related to veterinary care for sheep . To achieve the objectives of the research, a test was prepared t and consisting of two parts included the first part of the factors independent of the aforementioned , the second part included a measure of knowledge for educators in each axis of the axes of veterinary care for sheep and consisting of thirty-six paragraph which were distributed among five axes: 1.axis culling disease - carrier animals 2. axis Disposal of dead animals 3. axis control of internal parasites ( Deworming ) 4.axis control of external parasites (Dipping) 5.axis of cleansing and disinfection. Higher degree reached 32 and the minimum degree of 15 .Data were collected in July and August of 2013 by resolution and in a way a personal interview with a stratified random sample proportional breeders of sheep by 10% and by 50 respondents. The average degrees of cognitive level pan respondents in the field of veterinary care for sheep was 24.26 degrees, and 74% of the respondents were degrees of knowledge within the cognitive level average, results also showed the presence of cognitive level average of the respondents in each axis of the axes of veterinary care for sheep , as accounted for as follows : Axis culling animals carrying the disease 54% , the hub of Disposing of dead animals 54% , hub control of internal parasites of 62%, axis control of external parasites ( Dipping ) 52 %, disinfection and sterilization axis 62%. It was found a correlation significant at the level of 0.05 between the cognitive level of respondents and each of the independent variables (age, experience) and the relationship of non- correlation between the level of knowledge and all of the independent variables ( achievement , participation in training courses related to the care of veterinary sheep ) So researcher recommends that the role of agricultural extension should be activated this role in the rural areas , as well as increased support of the Ministry of Agriculture for educators through the provision of animal feed and veterinary medicines and vaccines to support them from losing their flocks because of the drought years that get repeated in the last decade.

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