جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية العلوم الاسلامية

ISSN: 20578626
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: العلوم الاسلامية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر عن كلية العلوم الاسلامية جامعة بغداد، وقد صدر العدد الاول منها عام 1965.
الهدف: نشر البحوث المتعلقة بالدراسات الاسلامية واللغة العربية.
سنة الاصدار: 1965
الاعداد الصادرة 51 عدد

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معلومات الاتصال

07735985333

journal@cois.uobaghdad.edu.iq
fatmahussen9090@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: العدد: 37

Article
The Matrimony Care in the Shade of the Surah of Al-Nisa'a (Women)
الــرعايـة الزوجيــة في ظــلال سـورة النـساء

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الخلاصة

The will of Allah stipulates that this nation to be the concluding of all nations and that its message is the concluding of massage and the canon is the last of the canons. Therefore, Allah (Glory to Him) has chosen for the best of his creatures and prophets Mohammed ben Abdullah (Peace be upon him). The dignified life is the end which many patriarch aim to provide for their household. It means compassion in the apparent and suffering in the essence. Hence, Islam has paid a great attention to family and marital relations. It shows the responsibilities and duties of the couple for the family to be happy. The importance of the study comes from tackling the theme of ((The Matrimony Care in the Shade of the Surah of Al-Nisa'a (Women) -Thematic Study)); for the tight relationship with the Islamic social system and the seriousness of this and its role in the goodness of society. The study includes: an introduction, five inquiries preceded by a preface. The first about: dowry, the second about alimony , the third about the goodness, and the fourth about the recalcitrance and the fifth about the prohibition of women's.

الكلمات الدلالية

تفسير، علوم قران


Article
المَوَدَةُ في القُرْبى

المؤلفون: حمد عبد الكريم دواح
الصفحات: 10-48
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الخلاصة

Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be upon the Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. At the beginning of each year Hegira New overlooking us new memories, including memories of happy memory of the Prophet's migration, which was a good omen on religion set out, accompanied by those memories painful memories suggest to give a range of the nation for the commandment of the Messenger of God, and that the killing of his son Hussein and offending the great ugly to each house of the righteous. So I suggested that the state pick up the study of the holy book of God told the Prophet's affection should be valued (God bless them) form the top and told of it direct.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Variation of Punishments and the Effect of guilt in This
الإعجاز في تنوع العقوبات في القرآن الكريم وأثر المعاصي في ذلك

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الخلاصة

Instructor Dr. Hayfaa Razaq Nahi The theme of The Variation of Punishments is one of the important themes which reveal the occasion between guilt and punishment. God has made punishment for each nation for the type of their guilt so that the punishment is suitable to the sins committed. The researcher show that the torment of every nation is according to their sins like polytheism and disbelief. The known code of Allah Almighty about his creature without any hurt. Allah almighty is not concerned with the perish of nations alone without any harm. But, Allah showed for all creatures that the nations were punished for the squandering which led to the perishing which is a natural result for their insistence on disbelief and for not following the divine codes which help them for not falling victims to injustice and corruption.

الكلمات الدلالية

علوم قران واعجاز


Article
Curfew and its impact on worship
حـظر التجول وأثره في العبادات (العراق انموذجاً)

المؤلفون: .sajda taha mahmood ساجدة طه محمود
الصفحات: 49-84
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الخلاصة

The pass the country's Islamic exceptional circumstances internal or external forced the governor to enact these laws, and the issuance of some of the legislation, which include law curfew which prevents whereby people from marching in the streets and roads or being in public places, and this is what Iraq has passed through and it was still many years, the incumbent on the researcher and other statement impact of this law on worship and air conditioning Method him, was this research that came in two chapters : Chapter One: what curfew , types , causes , and the two topics Chapter II : the impact of the curfew in worship , and adapted Method , and contains three sections Hence the conclusion that the most important place on record its findings and recommendations , which reached her through this search

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Revelation of Jesus Christ the son of Mary (peace be upon them) In terms of the Qur'an and Sunnah and news Sayings
نزول المسيح عيسى بن مريم(عليهما السلام) بدلالة القرآن والسنة والأخبار المأثورة

المؤلفون: M. D. Arkan Ali Hassan م. د. أركان علي حسن
الصفحات: 77-114
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الخلاصة

After praising God and trust in Him has wire researcher path chosen theme of the topics that was and still is the subject of filling the world, but a revelation of Christ Issa ibn Maryam ( peace be upon them ) have dealt with the researcher how and when the revelation of Jesus Christ and before eating how God raised as a quasi- enemies he was crucified and died , but God has lifted his body alive to heaven , has dealt with the researcher that a document and citing verses of the Koran and the hadith disinfectant which gave to this matter aspect of knowledge , has been linked to the researcher descent of Christ the exit of Imam Mahdi ( peace be upon him ) and in terms of chatter and news and Antiquities irrigated in the process , it also discussed the researcher the issue of the emergence of so-called ( Qadiani ) and his claim he was Jesus Christ has been responded his claim with evidence incisor and the agreement of the nation's scientists and Al him determination finally how Acyprh God, as discussed researcher suspicions raised about this issue and the responses to it with evidence unequivocal which does not accept the interpretation which can not be belied a man who was only ignorant or hypocrite Mrtad , and then keeping conclusion of his findings in his research note of the researcher that the researcher had a look at this thread on the bellies of mothers books even reach this output ..... Van failed .... where you hit it myself and that it is God and God is reconciling ........... Researcher

الكلمات الدلالية

علوم قران


Article
Divorce through modern means of communication in the light of Islamic jurisprudence
الطلاق عبر وسائل الاتصال الحديثة في ضوء الفقه الإسلامي

المؤلفون: Harith ali Ibrahim حارث علي إبراهيم
الصفحات: 85-120
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الخلاصة

This research is an important issue affecting the social reality of contemporary , a divorce by using modern means of communication and are intended to electronic means of communication such as telephone mobile , and fixed , and the use of international information network ( Internet ) by use e-mail, in the written , or voice , or visual. in custom, Divorce through modern means of communication is named: electronic Divorce. and this research has shed light on it in terms of their use in divorce، and a statement of Divorce by the terms and conditions linked to the public for divorce outlined by Islamic law and Islamic jurisprudence cited sources. This included research on the paving which we explained some of the foundations for the means of communication concerned with the study and statement types, then two sections represent the heart of the matter , taking the first section ( divorce through modern means of communication that rely writing) and talk about the sayings of scholars in divorce in writing , a statement of the terms of a divorce do with if the pair use modern means to him.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Weakening Tradition (Hadeeth) by differing with Quran form Fundamental and applicable study
تعليل الحديث بمخالفته ظاهر القرآن الكريم

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الخلاصة

Praise to Allah and Prayer & peace on passenger of Allah. The search is about the reply of some scientists of Tradition (Hadeeth) and jurists about Tradition (Hadeeth) which is differing with Quran form (outer meaning) or the thinking of differing with Quran form (outer meaning) as a type of criticizing the text of Hadeeth, we mean that is exist when the Hadeeth was correct (Saheeh) or good (Hasan) in the Hadeeth discipline. If the Hadeeth was weak (dhaeef) for any reasons or was lied (mawdhoe), the hadeeth was rejected originally and its differing for Quran form is a another indication of rejection. In this search, we want to reach for results in range of: must we offer hadeeth (Sunna) to Quran ? Is the differing is real or not? If the differing is real, is it suitable to be origin or rule in rejecting any hadeeth differing with Quran form? These are the reasons of choosing this subject. I followed the establishing the origin method firstly and then, applicable study for two samples of hadeeth to reach for results. The research was divided to introduction, three chapters and conclusion. The research reached to many results , the most important of them are: The weakening Tradition (Hadeeth) by differing with Quran form was a type of criticizing the text of hadeeth by scientists of Tradition (Hadeeth) and jurists and there is no correct hadeeth (Sunna) in narrating or in text differed with Quran in any face, the Sunna is an independent in legislating , it was established or creating rulings which are not exist in Quran. So Sunna must not offered to Quran in any

الكلمات الدلالية

حديث، قران


Article
THE Dealing with non-Muslims in donations
التعامل مع غير المسلمين في التبرعات

المؤلفون: . Qasim Nazim Ghaf قاسم ناظم غفوري
الصفحات: 121-178
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الخلاصة

The research aims to explain the ruling to deal with non-Muslims in donations accepted and give Islamic jurisprudence has given a clear vision for the entrances and output gain and acquisitions , and the provisions dealing with this vital element in life , taking and giving . The most important are summarized our findings in the following matters: A. Islam is a religion of work and diligence has urged people to gain and not to question people. B. Donations contracts are those contracts that have ownership in which one of the parties is against the other party. C. Donations of which is cash , Kalamoal , some of which is my eyes, Kalomtah , clothing and shelter materials , and others. D. Muslim may donate to a non-Muslim , but a Muslim charity first. E. Warrior anti-Islam and his family may not be given to a charity volunteer. F. Weighting the inadmissibility of giving a non-Muslim zakat , or alms due mushrooms or money Atonement. G. If you are not aware of the Sacred eye permissible for a person to accept. H. If mingled Halal haram money , do not take it deprives no man's land , although many , but the devout left. I. Money must be disposed of no man's land , and must repent before the cause of the first to get it. J. If he knows the Sacred eye syndrome and knew the owner must reply to it , but the owner knows about the incredible by its owner.K. A person that was a poor man's land that has spent the money on himself as much as he needs and adequacy , and do not exceed it. L. May accept the donation is recognized at all the money and food , while the carcasses are not accepted unless the people of the book. And ask God to guide our steps , and avoids the error , and that takes us away from the fault , and Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and blessings and peace be upon the Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
المبالغة في وصف الانسان في شعر اصحاب المعلقات

المؤلفون: محمود احمد شاكر
الصفحات: 179-197
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الخلاصة

the research have taken the responsibility to study the poetry of many of the poets of al- jahilli region , there were six poets (Emrou'o al-kais , taraffa ibn al –abd ,al-nabigha al-thubbiani,zuhair bin abi sulma al-mizni , antara bin shaddad al-a'absi and a'amrou bin kalthoum) and I have researched in the poetry of al- mo'alaqat owns ( another poets ) such as al-harith bin hilza al – yashkuri and labeed bin rabea'a al- a'amirri and I didn't find any over talkings in the actual poets the research have focused to the ancient scientists such as critics and the professionals of literature and they assured to the more using of the over – talking technique in their poems such as alnabigha al-thubbiani whom ibn rashiq al- qairawani had talked a bout him in his book . the best principles of poetry and it's literature and zuhair bin abi sulma whom ibn salam al – jumahi had talked a bout him in his book ( tabaqat al – shoara'a) the research had done to give clear image a bout many at mosphares of al – jahilli society exactly such as what ( poetic mitoun ) had imagined a bout the Christianity religioun to us and it's habits and prayers to the sun and what it had carried of bad jahillic symboles such as the women's habits ( for example , putting the shadow on the fants' girls lips ) as what many explainers had mentioned and this actually was represented the homeland's past and it's glory . we have studied many of rare images which many of literature artists had imagined such as similies , personifications and likens ) this is all and thanks god a lot and mohammad ( peace be upon him ) and all his followers.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Articulation of phonemes and their characteristic in AL-Wasiti (740hijra) in his book "Al-Kenz fi AL- Qiraat AL-Ashra" (Treasure of Ten Reading) in The Light of Modern Linguistic studies.
مخارج الأصوات وصفاتها عند الواسطي(ت740هـ) في كتابه الكنز في قراءات العشرة في ضوء علم اللغة الحديث

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الخلاصة

The paper tackles the phonetic efforts undertaken by AL-Wasiti (740Hijra). AL Wasiti was one of the scientists who investigated the appropriate methods of readings and reciting. The paper is divided into two sections preceded by an introduction and followed by a conclusion and bibliography. The introduction is dedicated to the importance of phonemes of human being, illustrating through a preface the birth and development of phonemic studies undertaken by the ancient Arabs up till ALwasiti in the 8th century after Hijra. Section one tackles the articulation of phonemes in ALwasiti book after defining them linguistically and terminologically .this section illustrates the phonetic theories as detected in his book through which investigated to which extent he agreed or disagreed with his forerunner scientists in reciting, asserting the similarities he shared with modern phonetic studies. Section two tackles the phonetic characteristics as appeared in his book. It highlights his agreement with his forerunner scientists in readings, not overlooking the Unique and individual opinions he had about some of the illustrated characteristics as referred to in the paper. The paper ends with a brief conclusion followed by a bibliography

الكلمات الدلالية

قراءات ،لغة


Article
Hospitals in Iraq and the treatment methods Abbasid era
البيمارستانات في العراق وطرق العلاج فيها بالعصر العباسي

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الخلاصة

Hospitals in Iraq and the treatment methods Abbasid era Is a word that means a hospital Persian origin meaning "place of the patient", the hospitals in the Abbasid role for treatment and institutes For the teaching of medicine. These hospitals General addressed the internal medicine and Alrmdah and mental exercise where a surgical procedure, treatment is done where by medical staff specialist. doctors were Muslims are the first difference between the general hospital, nursing homes and clinics which isolates the lunatics and owners of serious diseases such as leprosy-in. Hospital is the real basis for contemporary in hospitals. Thanks to establish psychiatric hospitals and general hospitals and medical schools and universities of the Muslim doctors in the Abbasid in Ages. That their conditions deteriorated, neglected and abandoned what patients returned only be used to isolate the lunatics, and the word of the Marstan mean insane shelter

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Muslim Women Liberation - Allegations and Suspicions: A Reading of The Book “Tanweer El-Muminat”
تحرير المرأة المسلمة دعاوى وشبهات قراءة في كتاب "تنوير المؤمنات"

المؤلفون: سميرة عبدالله الرفاعي
الصفحات: 241-277
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الخلاصة

This study aimed at showing the Islamic Educational Ideology of Abdel-Salam Yassin, in women issues through his book "Tanweer EL-Muminat". In order to achieve the study purpose, the researcher used both; the analytical description method and the inferences method, which are mainly based on following and analyzing the reasoning of Abdel-Salam Yassin through his book "Tanweer El-muminat", conducing the major ideas of the investigated issue. In the light of what has been mentioned, the study reached to several conclusions, one of them is that the issue of women liberation is only a mean of the different means of on the Muslim world which aims at attacking Islam under the claim of women liberation. One of the main suspections addressed by those who want liberation of women are inhertance, pollygamy, and guardiance, and that the researcher uses the realistic analyitical method to reply to those suspections in addition to some mental evidence such as:narrowing the domain of suspection, the war of termonologies and the western model in this issue. Within the light of those conclusions, the study suggests more attention and research, like: the animalized postulate, the woman is worshiped doll or a tired exhausted women, in order to show an original genuine ideology that perfectly and truely express the contents of the book and its meaning.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Engagement in Prayer with rules
المشغلات في الصلاة وأحكامها

المؤلفون: Dr. Chassan Salman Ali الدكتور غسان سلمان علي
الصفحات: 261-312
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الخلاصة

Triggers in prayer and provisions I tried to discuss some issues related to engaging in prayer and lack of reverence , and the presence of heart failure , and ponder the meanings , and docile , and complete submission in prayer . So we discussed five issues divided Investigation , came first section prayers Injector across two demands first to identify the injector and phrases related , and the second to indicate the views of scientists in the health of prayer Injector , and the second section of the statement of the views of scientists in whichever is the best estimate of the food on the prayer or prayer for the food , the third topic: the rule of prayer in Oatan camels across two demands : first, to define Oatan camels and the illness for which they came prohibition , and the second : to explain the ruling on prayer in Oatan camels is hateful or void , and the fourth topic : the statement of the views of the scientists in the rule of prayer in the church , and section V: to demonstrate the views of scientists in the governance of the picture if the kiss is praying , and the finale was the most important results that came out of this research, and most important: an emphasis on the study of some of the molecules important for the prayer, because they still need to be completed statement , and clarify and simplify ; even be close to the minds of people .

الكلمات الدلالية

فقة،اصول


Article
Woman’s grant in Islamic Fiqh (Jurisprudence) Comparative and jurisprudence study
هبة المرأة في الفقه الاسلامي دراسة مقارنة

المؤلفون: Ph.D. Ismael Ali Taha د. إسماعيل علي طه
الصفحات: 313-366
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الخلاصة

The research contains of two searches and under each search there are limited demands, and it came in the introduction the place of the woman in Islam and how did the Islam free her from the injustice and rank her in high place, and granted her with all her rights in all fields, but also prescribed laws that kept these rights from being surpassed by anyone . The research then took the woman’s grant her money issue intensively without her legal guardian and her husband’s permission, the research mentioned some clerk’s sayings and their doctrines, and their proofs and discussed it in such scientific and solemn way to stand on the right opinion of it. The research ended with a topic that the woman is like the man, Islam permitted for both to own all kinds of money with all ways of properties, and everyone is dependent from the other and permitted for them in equal way to invest these properties in all legal ways, she can do these ways by herself or the one who represent her, the woman is like the man, she got eligibility with adultery or maturity ,and therefore she gets the eligibility to accomplish all the financial deals to gain and do her rights without any authority on her or her financial behavior ,whether this was her husband or others ,and she can grant her property without inquiry ,charge or avoid her .

الكلمات الدلالية

فقه، المرأة


Article
The juristic rule of imposing a financial penalty on the rich's procrastination in repaying the debts in Islamic jurisprudence
حكم الغرامة المالية على الغني المماطل في الفقه الاسلامي

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الخلاصة

Money has been considered the most preoccupying problem for humans. It is the ‘backbone of life’ - so called - and as a result, the Islamic Shar'a legal system law took into account the financial aspects of human life, noting individual income and expenditure and that sharing economic benefits with others was one of the most important human needs. However, one of the consequences of economic exchange is the development of debt. This has been a reality in the lives of people from ancient times, but in the present day is becoming more prominent and pervasive. Few people today are free from being either a creditor or debtor. In modern times, of course, there are institutions such as banks and other financial companies which deal extensively with the holding and trading of debt. This expansion in dealing in debt has resulted in new issues which require an updating and clarification of the juristic rule. Procrastination in the repayment of debt by the rich, whether these are individuals or corporations, has become very common and it is rare to find someone who deals with debt (financial or moral), who has not suffered from procrastination by some debtors. Many new sanctions regarding debt are available today which were not previously in place, but this problem remains . The research included the main axes of the topic as the concept of the money according to the the jurists' point of view their disagreemnts on it and its influences on the juristic rules.

الكلمات الدلالية

فقة، اموال


Article
Hearing and Linguistic Usage A viewpoint between Rejection and Acceptance
في السّماع والاستعمال اللغوي نظرةٌ بين الرّفض والقبول

المؤلفون: Basim Mohammed Husein باسم محمد حسين
الصفحات: 371-403
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الخلاصة

After explain the brevet of sources of Arabic language that depend on them of the hearers ,that mean evidence translating that put the Arabic grammar and rules in Arabic speech "poets & prose" . The linguistics research was find "recently & modern" when they are hastate between refusing and excepting for these . Some Arabic speech in Holy-Quran reading and Holy words from the prophet Mohammed . The research stop with who see that readings all of them are completely . Some other call to review by researching and studying very carefully for hearing case . If that mean in evidence because that take in language items in principle of language . these follow with Arabic clear and development manner

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Book Begin into Mufti Poller (Agency, sponsorship, and transfer, and bare, and the depository
كتاب بعين المفتي بغين المستفتي (الوكالة، الكفالة، والحوالة، والعارية، والوديعة)

المؤلفون: حيزومه شاكر رشيد
الصفحات: 404-474
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الخلاصة

The book I'm the cook, who we are going to study and achieve the level of Imam Ibrahim bin Mohammed bin Mohieddin Aladdin bin Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Ali bin Siraj al-Din ibn Saifuddin bin Omar bin Abdul Rahman of Damascus. Title son of the cook, and also the son of al- Halabi, his father continued to the town of Hebron, was born the son of the cook in Damascus and grew up. He died in the second Shaban from year six thousand. The book (appointed Mufti again Poller) fully with all doors Hanafi - a new book to appear for readers new look, where he was his method in his book is completely different from the rest of the books entirely from the rest of the books jurisprudence where he addressed matters of doctrine for all doors on the question and answer format, this approach himself alone for the rest of the scientists of his time. Limited to achieving their own books for the following transactions: The beginning of the Book of the agency, and warranty book, and the book assignment, and bare book, and the book depository, then the conclusion, and its response to the list of sources and references.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of poetry readings in the Abbasid Technical study
أثر القراءات القرآنية في الشعر العباسي

المؤلفون: D. Arkan Rahim Jabr د. أركان رحيم جبر
الصفحات: 428-470
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الخلاصة

The impact monitoring Quranic Arabic poetry such a large area for researchers has stood with him since the first century to the present day , and thus no dispute that the subject of readings is a manifestation of the good effect , but that seemed to be the impact of those readings emerged evident in studies of grammatical and linguistic . Did not receive the technical side in Arabic poetry as enjoyed by those studies ( grammatical and linguistic ) only fragments probably appeared in some of the technical studies , so I suggested to make my pitch in this section , and type in search of an independent , after mentioning gems of Astaztna virtuous Dr. Nadia Ghazi al-Azzawi when raised the idea during a discussion of my proposal in the PhD , I stayed with the idea stuck in my mind that the Astute search based on its market . I have tried in this research to detect the culture of the poets in the Abbasid period and the extent of their association with readings of Quranic after a survey of their hair lasted more than a year of research and monitoring and the extent of their impact on Mndzhm literature during that era , which saw the height of the scientific movement of the readings , as it has emerged in which readers adults. Has undergone search to approach included preparation for the definition of the sense of the readings and the origin and conditions briefly is immoral , then distributed research article on according to the readings , as it made reading the landing with the poet orbit to touch the citizen artistic creativity , good employment , taking into account the global time and place of the poet , and then came the results Find concluded God ; In all taken from sources and references that are relevant to the subject matter. God is reconciling .

الكلمات الدلالية

قراءات ،ادب


Article
رُبَّ في العربية

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الخلاصة

There is no letter of the Arabic won of research and attention also earned the character ( Lord ) , there is disagreement about I call or professionalism and the dispute over F. Lord Is dragging herself or b ( Lord ) implied some waw and there are different languages for ( employer ) delivers them to the seventy languages and this not find him in another character and this character different meanings of reducing the multiplication or two all the context is which indicates few or abundance then stated provisions different grammatical 's ( Lord ) , including the lead in the speech and the increase in expression and he did not drag him often , but the name apparently indefinite article and if the income on the conscience must be interpreted by the name of late Mansob expresses discrimination and there Alnhoyen description of the condition of the cloaca ( the boss ) and some do not require this condition and there are other provisions found during the search . The systematic research writing I spoke to start their languages and controversy in some languages and then spoke on meanings of the few or the abundance and simplified different opinions on this issue, then spoke afterwards on the provisions of different grammatical about this character , and do not pretend to take this subject , however, Arabic is not surrounded by a However, the Prophet , as Imam Shafi'i ( may Allah have mercy on him ) , and thank God or not , and another .

الكلمات الدلالية

فقة

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