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مجلة كلية الدراسات الانسانية الجامعة

ISSN: 22260714
الجامعة:   كلية الدراسات الإنسانية الجامعة
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة دورية علمية محكمة تصدر عن كلية الدراسات الانسانية الجامعة
جمهورية العراق - النجف الاشرف
ص . ب . (138)بريد الكوفة.

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معلومات الاتصال

www.alkafeeluc.edu.iq
info@ alkafeeluc.edu.iq
alkafeeluc@gmail.com
07601839901
07803880900

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: العدد: 3

Article
The Arabic Islamic Contribution in Developing the Use of Medical Plants and it’s Role in Progressing the Medical Sciences
الإسهام العربي الإسلامي في تطور استخدام النباتات الطبية وأثره في النهضة الطبية

المؤلفون: Abdul Ridha Taha Sarhan عبد الرضا طه سرحان
الصفحات: 1-14
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الخلاصة

Abstract The Scientific care with the plants began by way of the Moslems Arab with the Abasian era. They were able to study many medical plants that haven’t been studied before them. So they included it in the medical drugs and they were able to discover some plants that hasn’t been known before, like the black flower, and to enable some plants to have the drugs aspects in it’s medical effect. During the era of AL- Moqtader- Bellah ( 295- 320 H / 908 – 932 M) , the Arab Scientists of the plants were moved the plant ( AL- Atreh AL- Modaow ) from India and planted it in Oman than they transformed it to Basra and AL- Sham. Among the most famous Arab Scientists who were cared for the medical plants was Zakeria Ebn - Mohamed AL - Qizwini ( 505 – 628 H / 1204- 1283 m) who described hundreds of the plants and identified it’s medical characteristics. There is no doubt that the use of Moslems for plant drugs have a great effect in the medical revival in Arabic Islamic history. The Arabic inherit age in the plant science was hugged over abounded and wide, still it needs Arabic scientists endeavor, to study it, research it and infer scientific results from the preceding scientists endeavor. Also, the Arabic Scientist Ebn- AL- Baytar ( 646 H / 1248 M ) was considered as one of the famous Moslem scientist who was not satisfied with what they have acquired from the Greek book about the plant science, but he discovered a great number of plants that are medically very important and haven’t been discovered or refereed to it before. The Arabic contribution in developing the human culture and human civilization in this field have greatly participation and many of the western scientists and Orientals witnessed this great Arabic contribution in developing medical sciences as a result of using the medical plants.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الحظر في سورة البقرة ((ألفاظه؛ وصيغه غير الصريحة))

المؤلفون: Sadiq Fawzi Al-Nejadi صادق فوزي النجادي
الصفحات: 15-37
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الخلاصة

Abstract The researcher seeks in this research to identify the vocalizations that carry a sign of the prohibition, whether they are explicit or implicit inferred from the contextual clues. As we know that Holy Quran is the core language of Arab, and adopted by scholars and wise men in their judgments and rules. Thus Quran will certainly revive the language and instructive significance We choose the method of (prohibition) in Surat Al- Baqra, and depending on the appropriate hypothesis set forth, this research will track the original stylistic of prohibition in Qur'an text from one hand and monitoring the reasons beyond the stylistic outlet from the other hand. The research works on its investigation with questions about the lawsuit results by take the sacred expression to abandon the rules of Arab speech in the formulation of style expressing the sense. The research consists of two sections, the first deals with the prohibition’s phrases in the Qur'an, and the second deals with the implicit images of prohibition in the text, or so-called (the inexplicit methods) of prohibition in the Qur'an expression with the knowledge of significance spaces which calling for this rhetorical delinquency. The researcher found that a sign of the prohibition on the Quran was not restricted to the limitations of the original Arab stylistic discourse (explicit version), but the recipient may feel a sign of the prohibition in the sacred text, and so by editing this evidence from the grip of tradition rhetoric, then it comes out from the scope of the origin.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
General Perspective of Al-Ghazali's Critical Approach
الملامح العامة للمنهج النقدي عند الغزالي

المؤلفون: Tha'ar Abbas Hwedyi ثائر عباس هويدي
الصفحات: 38-60
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الخلاصة

Abstract The fourth and fifth Hajri centuries are considered the most prosperous ages of the Islamic civilization on different levels, particularly the intellectual domain. Thus, researchers name that period (Renaissance in Islam). Many intellectual attempts try to establish different researches and approaches; Abou Hamid al-Ghazali tries to establish a critical approach based on principles and criteria which meet what has been established with regard to all sciences whether Shriya' or philosophical. The researcher, as such, tries to pinpoint the basic steps of Al-Gzali's critical approach and to find out whether or not his approach can be considered a critical one. The present paper is divided into three sections proceeded by an introduction in which I summarize the general description of the paper and its contents. The first section deals with the definition of "approach" linguistically and terminologically with an emphasis on the meaning of the critical approach. The second section is a continuation to the first one by examining the historical development of the critical approach in Greek and Islamic ages up to Abu Hamid al-Ghzali time. The third section deals with the general perspectives of al-Ghazali's critical approach by investigating the basics, references and the causes that led him to criticize his contemporary Islamic ideas and trends. Finally, the conclusion includes the research results.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أثر المقدمة الكلامية في الرسائل العملية

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الخلاصة

Abstract During the course of research in the presentation of matters of theology and to indicate how it relates to provisions of the process, made clear the following results: That there is a close link between science work - as many of the Quranic verses and prophetic traditions and sayings of the infallible them the peace that characterized the scholars and their work derived from him - so gather scientists among their provisions in their books the term mosque called the : (Sharia), did not differentiate between them in the term only in the third century AH, it became known to work with the provisions of (jurisprudence) and the provisions of the Science: (Jurisprudence larger). People disagree with each other in the degree of awareness of Investigation and issues of pedagogy of religion; because they vary in their mental abilities and their knowledge of mind, so some scholars have said it is enough for the in charge of the due knowledge to these issues on the whole, but for those who want detail shall be deemed that of Desirable which draw near by thinkers of the people of art and knowledge. Muslim scholars agreed on the necessity of faith in religion from thinking assets, may not be the tradition. However, they differed in understanding; the different evidentiary their origins, with the result that multiplied their sects, and thus reflected in the jurisprudence origins. Al than to the emergence of schools of Islamic jurisprudence, which varied in its development of the provisions of the legitimacy and thus different work by the charge, each according to counterfeit. Legislation of worship was to address the constant need of the mankind being that is created with him, and it is not specified a time on the other, or place on the others, or group on the others, so everyone is responsible of the legal of worship of the lawmaker, but out of them the child, or crazy or sick or distressed.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
علم المحكم والمتشابه دراسة في المعنى وفي قوله تعالى: (وَالرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ)

المؤلفون: Khawla Mahdi Shaker خولة مهدي شاكر
الصفحات: 89-111
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الخلاصة

Abstract Throughout studying the unequivocal and the equivocal verses, this research concludes the following:- 1- The traditional meaning or significance of the unequivocal and the equivocal is varied and multiple , though it is derived from their linguistic origin which is the clearness of meaning or being restricted for one meaning, for the unequivocal, and the ambiguity and indefinite meaning , for the equivocal. 2- There are some directions that gave a certain meaning or significance for the unequivocal and the equivocal but the research found out that there is no definite meaning for them rather for their example. 3- With the required examples, the research assured that the well-acquainted with interpretation (Al-Raskheen) have the full knowledge of the equivocal, if we follow the say of ( waw ) is a reopening one and (Al-Raskheen) is a subject , it does not differ from their knowing of the interpretation of the Holy Qura`n after His Almighty God who gifts His knowledge to any of His worshipers. 4- The verse No.( 7 )of (AlOmran= The Omrans) does not prevent following the equivocal, as some interpreters gad explained, but it prevents following it with evil intention.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The nature of independent bodies in the 2005 Iraqi constitution
طبيعة الهيئات المستقلة في ظل الدستور العراقي لسنة 2005

المؤلفون: Faris ِAbdul Rahim Hatim فارس عبد الرحيم حاتم
الصفحات: 112-132
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الخلاصة

Abstract The issue of independent bodies is one of the recently existing issues in the public law; it emerged firstly in France in the year 1941 through the ordinary legislation, subsequently the French legislature, in 1975, created other independent bodies which were named in France as the independent authorities which have been recurrently created in France. The main characteristic of these bodies is that they work independently from the executive authority, this characteristic did not exist elsewhere as the counterparts of these bodies was subject to the executive authority such as in United States. The Iraqi constitution of 2005 has applied the French approach with some slight differences do not touch the gist of the French model which has been adopted in Iraq. Despite that, there has been an amount of ambiguity in the legal treatment of these bodies in the constitutional wording which has arisen some questions about the nature of these bodies can be comparable to those which were discussed under the French jurisdiction such as whether these bodies are public authorities or they are mere advisory bodies or such as whether these bodies could be deemed as a four authority in addition to the classic three authorities. The current Iraqi constitution is based on the rule of law as it comprehensively states liberties and rights with guarantees to apply them by the public authorities which include judicial censorship on executive and legislative authorities, moreover, there is another guarantee which has been stated in the Iraqi constitution which is the independent bodies which can work to censor actions of government. In this article, the author tried to examine the nature of these bodies that the Iraqi constitution of 2005 stated, the article has been divided into two sections, in the first one the author will study the functions of the state whereas the second will demonstrate the independent bodies in Iraq.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دور مبدأ المواطنة في تعزيز المشاركة السياسية في العراق

المؤلفون: Saad Abdul Hussein Neama سعد عبد الحسين نعمة
الصفحات: 133-162
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الخلاصة

Abstract Become common at the present time to talk about democracy and the proportion of political participation by political regimes, whether democratic or non-democratic political parties, organizations and associations, trade unions and other institutions of civil society, even becoming ratios digital represent those reviews has become an impact between countries boast their political systems when compared with the ratios systems other countries, but that democracy is not based on the rate of participation in the elections, but to the content of these posts Is it due to the principle of citizenship or on the contrary, all to appear democratic systems after the genuine political participation resulting from the principle of citizenship represents the essence of democracy. That principle, which means equality before the law and beyond all other considerations ethnic, sectarian, tribal, religious and other considerations of a group that establishes and narrow to real participation in power and creates a citizen conscious of their rights and freedoms. As far as it comes to Iraq has become an urgent need to strengthen and Consolidation that principle in order to build a national identity and make loyalty it as identity inclusive of all Iraqis, on the grounds that accompanied the demise of the state in 9/4/2003, from acts of violence and looting of public property has pointed out frankly to the weak link citizen homeland, even after the establishment of institutions of the new state did not establish a state in the sense / / the nation, and the reason for this is the policy of the former regime which abolished all directions and trends and cultures to keep the orientation is the only obey the helm, and after the fall of this power is littered all those trends orientations and cultures to come back to affiliations and then stick to it at the expense of national identity, is added to the policies of the occupation, all of this is problematic for research. Either on the premise of search is to that there is a close correlation between citizenship and political participation (participation in elections, belonging to members of political parties, belonging to the institutions of civil society, trade unions, associations, etc.), is whenever I feel the citizens are equal before the law in their rights, freedoms and duties, the posts will be democracy, either if a Consider the relationship or association with, national, religious or ethnic or cultural, will be filled posts imposed and any consideration of these considerations.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير التنظيم الفندقي في تنمية الدافعية والحافز للموارد البشرية العاملة في صناعة الفنادق " دراسة تطبيقية في فندق عشتار شيراتون/ بغداد "

المؤلفون: Abdul Amir Abd Kadhim عبد الأمير عبد كاظم
الصفحات: 163-180
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
وسائل الحماية القانونية للمستهلك من الإغراق التجاري

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الخلاصة

Abstract In view of fast progress in the international commercial relation which have increased the size of exchange of the goods and services which , in its role have created a number of illegal business activities which have been following by some foreign business companies or followed by the exporters to compete the local companies or the producers of another country , especially that the conversion to the free market , the inflow in transporting the goods and services and eliminating the customs restrictions are prevailing in the world nowadays , accordingly the dumping ( glutting , flooding ) has appeared in business life which has created two unequal parties , the first party ( the exporter ) the industrial companies which have higher technology and the second party ( the importer ) which is usually described as being incapable for competition because of his being weak in his technological , technical and cognitive capabilities , thus the importance of the dumping subject has emerged alongside the economic , industrial and social conversions which are happening in Iraq in the present time In addition to that the Iraqi legislator has called to constitute the Iraqi economics upon modern economic grounds . Taking in his consideration the Iraqi actuality and the dumping activities whose effects include the consumer the producer and even they affect in the investment , accordingly the Iraqi legislator must intervene and find out the legal mechanisms which are requisite for facing illegal activities whether on the local level or on the level of international agreements thus for the importance of this Topic and due to the lack of the specialized studies in this connection especially the lack of local ones we have decided to search in this Topic (The Legal protection of the consumer from the commercial dumping).

الكلمات الدلالية

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