Table of content

Iraqi Journal of Science

المجلة العراقية للعلوم

ISSN: 00672904
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Science
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Iraqi journal of science is a quarterly specified scientific journal issued by the Faculty of Science at the University of Baghdad. The members of the Editorial Board representing the Departments of Eight Scientific departments, college of science/ Baghdad University and its related units of research, all are professors, scientists with extensive experience and considerable skills in their field of science, as well as an advisory board in support composed of professors and scientists with great reputation in their field of science from other Colleges, universities, or research institutes. The specialty of publication includes the following fields:

1.Pure and Applied Physics.
2.Mathematical Sciences.
3.Computer Science and Information Technology.
4.Science of chemistry.
5.Bio-Science technologies.
6.Earth Sciences, geo-physics, and remote sensing.
7.Astronomy, Space Sciences, and Remote Sensing Unit.
8.Science and Research of tropical area

The visions, goals, and the mechanisms of the Iraqi Journal of Science is to publish scientific research sober in the areas of Applied and Pure Sciences and instructive Iraqi society, scientific research, scientific interest large to contribute to the development of various disciplines, which provides significant support to researchers in all scientific facilities to continue to support the development plans in Iraq.

Loading...
Contact info

Baghdad University
College of Science
Baghdad
Iraq
ijs@scbaghdad.edu.iq
07903375590
http://ijs.scbaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2014 volume:55 issue:3A

Article
New Approach for The Turbidimetric Determination of Iron(III) in Drug Samples of Different Origins Using Homemade Linear Array Ayah 5SX1-T-1D-CFI Analyser
نمط جديد لقياس التعكرية لتقدير الحديد(III) في مناشئ مختلفة من العينات الدوائية باستخدام المحلل الحقن الجرياني المستمر Linear Array Ayah 5SX1-T-1D-CFI Analyser المصنوع محلياً

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A new Turbidimetric method characterized by simplicity, accuracy and speed for determination of iron(III) in drug samples by continuous flow injection analysis. The method was based on the formation of complex for iron(III) with 8-hydroxyquinoline in presence of ammonium acetate as a medium for the formation of deep green precipitate and this precipitate was determined using homemade Linear Array Ayah-5SX1-T-1D continuous flow injection analyser. The optimum parameters were 2.6 mL.min-1 flow rate using H2O as a carrier, 1.9 mL.min-1 (14 mmol.L-1) ammonium acetate, 2.4 mL.min-1 (14 mmol.L-1) 8-hydroxyquinoline, 60 L sample volume and open valve for the purge of the sample segment. Data treatment shows that linear range 0.1-8.0 mmol.L-1 while L.O.D 4.8×10-9 M/sample equivalent to 16.1 pg/sample from the stepwise dilution for minimum concentration of lowest concentration in linear dynamic range of the calibration graph. The correlation coefficient (r) was 0.9911 while percentage linearity (%r2) C.O.D was 98.24%. R.S.D.% for the repeatability (n=6) was <1% for determination of iron(III) with concentration 4 and 8 mmol.L-1. The method was applied successfully for the determination of iron(III) in pharmaceutical preparations. Using paired t-test between the newly developed method and official method; shows that there were no significant differences between either methods. On this basis the new method can be accepted as an alternative analytical method for determination of iron(III) in pharmaceutical samples.


Article
Synthesis and Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activity of Some New Bis Cyclic Imides Linked to Nitrogen Heterocycles
تحضير وتقييم الفعالية المضادة للميكروبات لبعض من ثنائي الايمايدات الحلقية الجديدة المرتبطة بحلقات النتروجين غير المتجانسة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In the present work, a series of new bis cyclic imides (pyromellit imides) linked to different nitrogen heterocycles namely (pyridine, pyrimidine, phenazone and quinoline) was synthesized. Synthesis of the new imides was performed via two steps in the first one a series of bis amic acids (pyromellit amic acids) was synthesized via reaction of pyromellitic anhydride with variety of nitrogen heterocyclic primary amines while in the second step the prepared bis amic acids were dehydrated via treatment with acetic anhydride and anhydrous sodium acetate affording the desired imides. The prepared bis Imides were screened for their antimicrobial activity against many types of bacteria and fungi and the results indicated that they possess good inhibition effect against the tested organisms.


Article
Study of Interaction between Vitamin C and Nickel () Ion using a Polarographic Methods
دراسة التآثر بين فيتامين سي و آيون النيكل الثنائي باستخدام طرق البولاروغرافي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The Polarographic study of the interaction between ascorbic acid and Ni+2 was carried out at dropping mercury electrode [DME] . This study included the determination of the kinetic parameters (kfh ,n) and thermodynamic parameters such as enthalpy change (H), free energy change (G) and entropy change (S) of Ni+2 complexes with ascorbic acid in 0.1 M KCl solution over the temperature rang of (294-309)K. The electrode processes were irreversible and diffusion controlled.


Article
Decolorization of the aqueous Safranin O dye solution using Thuja orientalis as biosorbent
إزالة اللون لمحاليل صبغة السفرانين (O) المائية بإستخدام العفص الشرقي كمادة حيوية مازّة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The object of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of safranin O (SFO), dye removal with application of Thuja orientalis as a low-cost biosorbent. The biosorption equilibrium level was determined as a function of pH, adsorbent dose, contact time and temperature. Surface area and pore size distribution were measured for the adsorbent. Thuja has a good removal effeciency for SFO dye. The adsorption kinetics data were best fit for the pseudo-second order kinetic (the regression coefficient = 0.999). The experimental equilibrium adsorption data are tested for the Langmuir, freundlich,Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm modles. From the values of the regression coefficient the results indicate the following order to fit the isotherm Freundlich > Temkin > Dubinin-Radushkevich > Langmuir. A chemical adsorption process was indicated by the value of the mean free energy of adsorption obtained from the Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm. Standard free energy of adsorption (∆G°) and the change in the standard enthalpy (∆H°) and the standard entropy (∆S°) were calculated to predict the nature of adsorption.

Keywords

Isotherm --- Kinetic --- Removal --- Safranin O --- Thuja


Article
Modification of poly maleic anhydride by addition of different aldo mono saccharides
تحوير بولي انهدريد الماليك باضافة سكريات الدهايديه احاديه مختلفه

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This research includes new series of polymers were synthesized starting from polymerization of poly maleic anhydride (3), which were mono esterfication with absolute methanol to give polymer (4 ), then the acid side chlorination with thionyl chloride to give polymer (5) , which was subjected to esterfication with two different protected sugar moiety (1 and 2 ) to afford modified polymers (6 and 7). Furthermore the hydrazide polymers ( 8 and 9) were prepared through addition of hydrazine hydrate to polymers ( 6 and 7 ), which upon condensation with different free mono saccharides to give the target polymers( 10-13) respectively. The prepared polymers identified by physical properties and spectral methods (FT-IR ,1H-NMR,13C-NMR) .


Article
Synthesis & Characterization Of Poly [ N - acryl - N - sulfonic acid - N yL - 2 - substituted - 4 - oxo - thiazolidine ] Maleic and Succinic DiImide
تحضير وتشخيص بولي ] N- أكريل - N - حامض السلفونيك - N - يل - 2 - معوض - 4- اوكسو ثايازوليدين[سكسنك أو ماليك داي إيمايد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In the present investigation, new polymers of Poly [ N - acryl - N - sulfonic acid - N yL - 2 - substitute - 4 - oxo - thiazolidine ] Maleic and Succinic diimide were synthesized by seven steps; first step includes esterification of different cyclic anhydride, using one mole of absolute methanol in the presence few drops of conc. H2SO4, yielded mono group ester [I] , which was reaction with thionyl chloride to give ester acid chloride [II] .Then reacted with sulfanilic acid to product compound [III] , which was condensation with hydrazine hydrate to give acid hydrazide [IV] . The new different Schiff bases [V-VIII] were synthesized by reaction of acid hydraizide with different (aliphatic and aromatic) aldehyedes and ketones in the presence of glacial acetic acid. Thiazolidine-4-one derivatives [IX-XII] have been obtained from the addition of 2-mercapto acetic acid to Schiff bases and the final step was added poly acryloyl chloride to product polymers [XIII-XVI] . There chemical structures have been confirmed by melting points , FTIR,1HNMR and 13C-NMR (some of them). All the synthesized polymers were characterized by FT– IR spectra, softening points and TGA,DTG (some of them)


Article
Environmental Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Concentrations in Atmospheric Air at Daura Refinery
التقييم البيئي لتركيز الهيدروكربونات العطرية متعددة الحلقات في الهواء الجوي لمصفى الدورة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured in aerosol from air samples, which collected for the period from April 2012 to February 2013, in Baghdad city, at Daura Refinery. Aerosol samples were collected on cellulose fiber filters for 1.5 h in each site for the morning and evening time. These aerosol samples undergone soxhlet extraction. After the extraction, 49 samples were analyzed by GC-MS in order to determin 16 PAH compounds. The parameters temperature, relative humidity and wind speed were measured during the measurement period. The PAH concentrations were different for location inside and outside Daura refinery. Naphthalene was the most abundant PAH detected in all points at the site sampling for all seasons. There is strong correlation between total suspended particles (TSP) and total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (TPAH) (0.897, 0.966, 0.800) for spring, summer and autumn respectively. There was positive correlation between the total PAH concentrations and the relative humidity in the spring, autumn and winter seasons.


Article
Estimation of Some Genetic Parameters in Faba Beans (Vicia faba L.) Affected by Nitrous Acid Mutagen
تقدير بعض المعالم الوراثية للباقلاء (Vicia faba L.) بتأثير حامض النتروز المطفر

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

To estimate some of the genetic parameters and genotypic phenotypic coefficient of variation and to find the interaction between varieties and generations in the morphological traits and yield,yield components. Three varieties of Faba beans were treated by nitroso acid mutagen, field experiments were conducted during 2010-2013. The results showed that variances values were different among traits, and the values of genetic and phenotypic variance were greater than the environmental variance values for most of the traits. Heritability in the broad sense has reached the highest value in most of the studied traits for M1 and M2 generations. Heritability in the broad sense varied among the traits. Highest heritability in most of the traits in the M1 generation because of the high values of genetic variation and lower values in the protein percentage and yield protein. Also, in the M2 generation was the highest heritability in most of the studied traits due to the high genetic variation and low environmental variance ratio and less values in the traits, number of seeds/pod and protein percentage were 59.39 and 18.39, respectively. It also shows that the values of the coefficient of phenotypic variance and coefficient of genetic was convergent slightly for all the traits of the M1 generation and the M2. This leads to increase the coefficient of phenotypic variance over genetic in number of pods/plant and number of seeds/pod of two generations, protein percentage and protein yield in the M1 generation. it was shown that the coefficient of genotypic varaince and the coefficient of phenotypic varaince in M1 generation was low values in most studied traits except in number of branches per plant , yield seed and protein yield , wheares protein percentage reduced in coeffecient of phenotypic variance and coefficient of genotypic varaince in M2 generation. Zaina variety was superior in the M1 generation traits such as flowering early, plant height, leaf area index, number of branches/plant, number pods/plant, seed weight, seed yield and protein yield. It can be conclude that M1 generation was that best in heritability in the broad sense, coefficient of genetic variance and coefficient of phenotypic variance in most studied traits.


Article
Interaction between Parsley Petroselinum Crispum and Cadmium: Field Study on Some Agricultural Areas in Baghdad City and Experimental Study on Albino Mice Males
التداخل بين المعدنوس Petroselinum crispum والكادميوم: دراسة حقلية لبعض الأراضي الزراعية في مدينة بغداد ودراسة مختبرية على ذكور الفئران البيض

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study consists of two parts, field and experimental. In field part; cadmium concentrations were measured in soil and parsley Petroselinum crispum samples of five different agricultural areas in Baghdad city. These areas were located in Al-Rashdiah, Tounis quarter, Al-Shamasiah quarter, Al-Itaifiah and Al-Twaithah. Soil cadmium concentrations were (1.72, 1.25, 1.52, 3.45 and 3.33) mg/kg in Al- Rashdiya, Tunis quarter, Al- Shamasiya quarter, Al- Attaifiya and Al-Tuaithah respectively, while concentrations in parsley were (0.28, 0.26, 0.28, 0.39 and 0.38) mg/kg respectively. Experimentally, five groups of albino mice males (10 mice each) were administered with different concentrations of cadmium (0.0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 7.5) mg Cd/kg b.w. orally by using gavages needle for 60 days according to 5 days/week protocol, another five mice groups were administered with the same concentrations of cadmium mentioned above and 0.1 ml of parsley Petroselinum crispum juice. At the end of the experiment, mice liver and kidney were isolated to measure the bioaccumulation of cadmium


Article
Seasonal Variations of Some Physio-Chemical Parameters of Al-Auda Marsh in Maysan Province
التغيرات الفصلية لبعض البراميترات الفيزيوكيميائية لهور العودة في محافظة ميسان

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Seasonally variations in Physio-chemical parameters of Al-Auda Marsh were investigated from November 2012 to July 2013. In this research examine pH, turbidity, EC, DO, BOD5 and Ca+2, Mg+2, NO2 , NO3 , PO4 , SiO3 ions. Six sites were randomly located and water samples. pH values varied from (7.3 ±0.0) in site 4 during autumn to (8.5±0.5) in site 6 during winter, EC values ranged from (2020±186) μ.s/cm in site 5 during autumn to (6390±875) μ.s/cm in site 6 during summer, mean turbidity data were found to vary from (6.5 ±1.8) NTU in site 4 in summer to (31.0 ±1.6) NTU in site 3 in autumn. DO highest mean value (10.9 ± 0.6) was for site 6 in autumn and the lowest value (6.5±0.9) mg/l for site3 in spring. In case of BOD5 highest and lowest mean values were (4.8 ±0.3) mg/l in site 3 during autumn and (1.2 ±0.3) mg/l in site 2 during winter. Mean Ca+2 ions ranging from (46±9.4) mg/l in site 4 during autumn to (361±19.6) mg/l in site 1 during summer, mean value of Mg+2 ion varied from (18 ±9.5) mg/l in site 5 in autumn to (274 ±44.2) mg/l in summer for site 1. Also, mean PO4-3 values of varying from (0.01±0.0) mg/l in sample of site 6 during winter to (0.3±0.08) mg/l in sample of site 6 during spring. The mean NO3 values was varied from (1.8±0.8) mg/l in site 6 during winter to (6.9 ±0.5) mg/l in site 5 during autumn while in case of NO2 were (0.1±0.0) mg/l in both sites 5 and 6 during spring to (0.35 ±0.01) mg/l in site 1 during autumn. SiO3 data found to vary from (1.0±0.5) mg/l in site 6 during autumn to (6.35 ±0.5) mg/l in site 2 during summer.


Article
Effect of Methotrexate Drug on Some Parameters of Kidney in Newborn mice
تأثير عقار الميثوتركسيت على بعض معايير الكلى في الفئران حديثي الولادة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Thirty pregnant albino mice with average body weight of 25-30gm and 8-14 weeks old were used to investigate the toxicity of the oral administration of anticancer methotrexate on kidneys after birth. Pregnant were received (single dose) of drug at different days of gestation and were divided into three groups (10mice / group), control groups were administered distilled water, the two remaining groups were administered by 2.5 and 7.5 mg/kg body weight of methotrexate. The changes in kidneys of newborns revealed significant (p<0.05) decrease in kidneys weights, kidneys lengths, pelvises

Keywords

Methotrexate --- Kidney --- Glomerulus --- Embryo --- Newborn --- Mice.


Article
Study the effect of different temperatures in the growth and development of Been Beette Acanthoselides obtectus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)
دراسة تأثير درجات حرارية مختلفة في نمو وتطور خنفساء الفاصوليا Acanthoselides obtectus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This research includes a study of the effect of four temperatures (25, 30, 35, 40m◦) with relative humidity 65% on some biological aspects of the Bean beetle Acanthoselides obtectus on the Bean seeds under laboratory conditions. The results showed that the effect of different temperatures is clear on biological of Bean beetle. Differed period necessary for the growth and development of each stage of the insect in different temperatures . The results of statically analysis showed a significant difference in the life cycle when all temperatures except the period between temperature 35 and 40m◦ , respectively. Where the average of those period, 60.75, 35.5, 20.34 and 19.27 days and also different temperatures significant effects is clear in the growth of eggs reaching the average growth of eggs 11.3 , 6.40 , 4.17 and 2.99 days. Whereas the mean adult longevity recorded were 15.5 , 12.2 , 6.3 and 3 days for males , and 13.7 , 7.2 , 5.55 and 4.3 days for females at temperatures of 25 , 30 , 35 and 40 , respectively .


Article
The spread of Entamoeba histolytica infection among children attended the Central Child Hospital in Baghdad city.
انتشار الخمج بالاميبا الحالة للنسيج Entamoeba histolytica بين الاطفال المراجعين لمستشفى الطفل المركزي في مدينة بغداد.

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A total of 1712 samples of children feces were collected from the Central Child Hospital and examined by direct and concentration methods (zinc sulfate and sucrose) during the period from 01/10/2011 to 19/10/2012. The ages of children were ranging between one month and 15 years.The results of the current study showed that the rate of infection overall was 18.72% and there was a variation in the infection rate between the age groups, reaching the highest incidence in the age group (1- 5 years old). The study indicated also that the percentage of infected males is higher than females, which was 63% and 37% respectively. Also the percentage of infection among children living in the city was 70%, while it was 30% among children living in the rural areas.


Article
Genetic Diversity Among Some Aspergillus flavus Isolates by Using Inter simple sequence repeats (ISSR)
التغايرات الوراثيه بين بعض عزلات Aspergillus flavus بأستخدام تقنيه (ISSR)

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Aspergillus flavus isolates which are considered on conidial shape through microscopic examination and mycelial colour through cultural properties . Primary screening for the ability of A. flavus isolates for aflatoxin production was determined using A.flavus parasiticus agar medium (AFPA) as well , 7 isolates from 11 isolates give a positive result by the presence of bright yellow-orange pigments indicated the presence of aflatoxins. Molecular genetics techniques using DNA polymorphism have been increasingly used to characterize and identify genetic diversity and relationships among eleven A. flavus isolated from different source using the ISSR(inter simple sequence repeats) technique. Three universal primers designed at University of British Columbia (UBC 809 , UBC 810, UBC 811) were produced (18) main bands of these bands, 53 bands were polymorphic. The size of the amplified bands ranged between 100-1,500 bp. The genetic polymorphism value of each primer was ranged between 16.98-74.4%. In terms of unique banding patterns, determine the finger print for one isolate the most characteristic banding pattern was for the isolate number 5 with primer UBS primer No.809. Genetic distances ranged from 0.12599 to 0.93644 among A.flavus isolates. Cluster analyses were performed to construct a dendrogram placed most of the A. flavus was isolated from the different source at the same main group.


Article
Isolation and Identification of Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
عزل وتشخيص المكورات العنقودية الذهبية(Saphylococcus aureus) المقاومة للفانكومايسين

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Susceptibility of thirty seven clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus to various antibiotics was tested. 100 % of tested isolates were resistant to ampicillin, while the lowest resistance recorded to amikacin 8.10 %. Four of S. aureus isolates showed resistant to vancomycin. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of isolates 33 and 56 for vancomycin was ≥ 32 μg/ml.


Article
In vitro evaluation of inhibitory activity of enteric Bifidobacterium isolates against Shiga toxin producing E.coli (STEC)O157:H7
تقييم الفعالية التثبيطية لعزلات البفيدس المعوية تجاه بكتريا القولون البرازية الفارزه لسموم الشيكا E.coli(STEC)O157:H7 خارج الجسم الحي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Six Bifidobacterium isolates, isolated from breast – feed infant faces on reduced de Man Rogosa and Sharp medium (MRS - C). Isolates identified to species level on the basis of : microscopical properties, biochemical tests, fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase enzyme(F6PPK) activity and carbohydrates fermentation profile. Results showed that B. adolescentis was the predominant species (B4,B5and B6),the other species were B. breve(B3),B. longum (B1), B. dentium(B2). Strains were screened for their inhibitory effects against pathogenic bacteria shiga toxin producing E.coli(STEC)O157:H7 using agar – well diffusion method.B3 and B6 showed clear inhibitory actions toward STEC,22 mm and 15 mm diameter of inhibition zone srespectively. While the rest of isolates did not pronouncedany inhibitory activities. This indicate that the efficiency of probiotic bacterial strain specially Bifidobacterium spp. as antibacterial factor to treat or reduce bloody diarrhea and hemorrhagic urinary syndrome (HUS) as symptom of (STEC) infection .


Article
Study the Impact of the waste which discharged from Al-Karama and Sharq- Dijla water treatment plants in water pollution of Tigris River water
دراسة تاثيرالمخلفات الناتجة من تصفية محطتي إسالة الكرامة وشرق دجلة في تلوث مياه نهر دجلة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of discharge of water purification plants ,on the purity of Tigris River water in Baghdad city. The two studied plants were involved in the study : Sharq –Dijla and Al-Karama water purification plants. The study was attempted to focus on probable pollutants. Chemical, physical tests were accomplished on water samples collected from four sites with fact of three replicates for each sample of each site of the river and the plant : before, after, inside the plants and at the pipe. This study started from October 2012 to September 2013. In case of heavy metals Results showed that the highest level of aluminum was 1.08 ppm during (December-January) at Sharq-Dijla plants, while the lowest level was 0.059 ppm during (August- September) at AL- Karama plants ,while results of iron which recorded the highest level 3.30 ppm during (December-January) at Sharq –Dijla plants, while the lowest level was 1.63 ppm during (August- September) at Sharq –Dijla plants. It was found that the highest level of turbidity was 119 N.T.U during (December-January) at Sharq- Dijla plants, while the lowest level was 33.0 N.T.U during ( June-July) at Sharq-Dijla plants. While the highest level of EC was 1068 µS/cm during (December-January) at Sharq-Dijla plants, while the lowest level was 693 µS/cm during ( June-July) at Sharq-Dijla plants .T.D.S recorded highest level during (December-January) at AL- Karama plants which was 687 ppm , while the lowest recorded level was 506 ppm during ( August- September) at Sharq-Dijla plants, also the highest level of T.S.S was 793 ppm during (December-January) at AL- Karama plants, while the lowest level was 410 ppm during ( August- September) at Sharq-Dijla plants .


Article
Optimum conditions of keratinase production from Bacillus licheniformis
الظروف المثلى لإنتاج إنزيم keratinase من بكتريا Bacillus licheniformis

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Forty isolates of Bacillus spp. were isolated from fifty samples including different source of soil to detect the ability to produce keratinase enzyme in liquid state fermentation, Bacillus (Bs13)was the highest keratinase producer , it was identified as a strain of Bacillus licheniformis. The optimum conditions for keratinase productions were in a media contains keratin 4% (hooves) as a carbon and nitrogen and energy sources, peptone 1% as a secondary nitrogen source with pH 8 , inculums size 1%, and incubated at 37Co for 24 hrs.


Article
Biodegradation of Crude Oil in Contaminated Water by Local Isolates of Enterobacter cloacae
التفكك الحيوي للنفط الخام في المياه الملوثة بواسطة عزلات محلية من Enterobacter cloacae

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper study the ability of Enterobacter cloacae for degrading crude oil in contaminated water. Six isolates of E. cloacae were isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated soil and water of different sites. The isolate E. cloacae E1 showed the highest emulsification index (E24%) reached 62% thus it was chosen for further study. Biosurfactant produced by E. cloacae E1 reduced the surface tension of the medium from 64 to 36 mN/m. pH range 6.5 – 7 and temperature range 30˚C - 35˚C were the optimal conditions for maximum degradation. After 30 days of incubation, E. cloacae E1 degraded 70.00 ± 0.40% of the crude oil. GC-MS analysis revealed that E. cloacae E1 was able to degrade aromatic compounds. This study proved that E. cloacae E1 consider being an efficient in crude oil degradation.


Article
Sero-prevalence of visceral leishmaniasis by using two diagnostic kits (rKE16 and rK39)
التقيم المصلي لللشمانيا الاحشائية باستخدام نوعين من عدد التشخيص(rKE16 and rK39)

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The dipstick test was evaluated for sero-diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis. We compared two types of dipstick (rKE16, rK39) tests . The sensitivity of both tests were determined using sera from fifty-two children suspected of having visceral leishmaniasis and thirty healthy children as a control group collected from Central Teaching Hospital of Pediatric in Baghdad. Fifty (96.15%) cases were confirmed to have infection by rKE16 dipstick test while, fourty-six (88.46%) cases were positive by rK39 dipstick test. Non of the sample taken from healthy control showed reactivity in any of these tests. The study indicated that rKE16 test had better sensitivity than rK39 in the diagnosis of VL(100%) ,(92 %) respectively.


Article
Measurement of the Uranium Concentration in Different Types of Tea Used in Iraqi Kitchen
قياس تركيز اليورانيوم في انواع مختلفة من الشاي المستخدم في المطبخ العراقي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Tea is one of the important liquids that people drink. In Iraq, tea is the main beverage after water. The tea plant is known scientifically as Camellia sinensis, when planting and during growth needs to fertilizers, which contents remarkable amounts of Uranium. So it became important to study the concentrations of uranium found in tea. Eight samples of tea had been taking, which represent the most important species used in the Iraqi kitchen, and the Uranium concentrations were measured. The results showed that the average concentration of uranium for all samples were1.005 mg/L, while the average of the annual effective dose was 0.221 mSν/y. The results also indicated that green tea possesses small concentration of Uranium compared with other species.

Keywords

Uranium --- Tea


Article
Study of Crude Oil types in the Mishrif Formation within Noor oil field, Missan Governorate South Iraq
دراسة نوعيات النفط الخام في تكوين المشرف ضمن حقل نور النفطي,محافظة ميسان جنوب العراق

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Mishrif crude oil is characterized by low API˚ gravity, high sulfur content, and carbon isotope ratio of -27.59. The composition of Mishrif crude oil is mainly aromatic. The different relation between different biomarkers indicate that the source of Mishrif crude oil is an anoxic marine carbonate mature kerogen type II, with an age of Upper Jurassic – Lower Cretaceous. Accordingly, the most probable source for this crude oil may be the Sargelu and Sulaiy Formations. The studied crude oil is non- biodegraded evidenced from chromatograms and crude oil composition of ternary diagram.


Article
Morphotectonics of Shatt Al-Arab River Southern Iraq
مورفوتكتونية نهر شط العرب- جنوب العراق

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A morphotectonic analysis is conducted on Shatt Al-Arab drainage basin. This study aims to analysis of the river patterns of Shatt Al-Arab channel and their relationship with the development of subsurface geological structures and the neotectonic activity, as well as an attempt to determine the relative amount to this activity. Transverse river profile analysis is derived quantifiable and comparable parameters such as neotectonic index (Eh*Ln), Eh, Ch, and Bs. These parameters are useful to detect the morphotectonic indicators of Shatt Al-Arab basin. The analysis showed the role of the subsurface structures that affecting the river cross sections shape, through channel incision, as in (Dair and NuhrUmr) cross sections, while in the others the increasing in neotectonic index interpreted by the geomorphic features such as sudden changes or diversion in river course and river pattern changes.


Article
Estimating of groundwater age and quality of Al-Shanafiya Area Southwest Iraq
تحديد عمر ونوعية المياه الجوفيه في منطفة الشنافيه, جنوب غرب العراق

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The study area is located to the south of Iraq at Al-Shanafiya town, south west of Iraq. Groundwater is the main source for crops irrigation, household uses and livestock drinking. To determine the relative age of groundwater by measuring the tritium concentration in groundwater, four wells and four springs water samples were taken. Found that the mean tritium concentration in springs samples is 4.125 TU where in wells samples is 2 TU. Using Clark and Firtz (1997) classification found that the relative age is amix of sub modern and modern water. Through modern study was performed by Al-Paruany (2013) found that the tritium concentration in rainfall in Al-Diwaniyah Meteoric Station has reached the natural level (approximately 5TU). Through this , recent study can be applied by Mazor (2004) to determine the age of more accurate, found that the spring water effective age may be not more than 5 years. Eighteen representative groundwater samples were collected from wells and springs, were subjected to chemical analysis to measurement the major ions concentration. The water samples are alkaline in nature, they have high TDS and EC. Piper classification was applied and found that the groundwater samples are confined in the fields 2, 3 and 5 (Na-Cl, Ca-Mg-Cl and Ca-Cl water types). Chadha's diagram was applied for better understanding, water samples are confined in the fields 6, 4 and 7, nearly identical with Piper classification. The groundwater is unsuitable for human drinking, building and for all industries. But it is suitable for domestic uses and live stocks. The suitability of groundwater for irrigation, the samples (S1, S2, W1, W8, and W13) are fair water while the other samples were classified poor water.

Keywords

groundwater --- tritium --- TDS --- EC


Article
Quasi -Fully Cancellation Modules
المقاسات شبه الحذف التامة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Let M be an R-module. In this paper we introduce the concept of quasi-fully cancellation modules as a generalization of fully cancellation modules. We give the basic properties, several characterizations about this concept. Also, the direct sum and the localization of quasi-fully cancellation modules are studied.


Article
Variational Iteration Method for Solving Multi-Fractional Integro Differential Equations
الطريقة التغايرية التكرارية لحل المعادلات التفاضلية-التكاملية ذات الرتب الكسورية المتعددة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In this paper, we present an approximate method for solving integro-differential equations of multi-fractional order by using the variational iteration method. First, we derive the variational iteration formula related to the considered problem, then prove its convergence to the exact solution. Also we give some illustrative examples of linear and nonlinear equations.


Article
A Hybrid Estimation System for Medical Diagnosis using Modified Full Bayesian Classifier and Artificial Bee Colony
نظام تخميني مهجن لأغراض التشخيص الطبي باستخدام مصنف Bayesian المطور وخوارزمية مستعمرة النحل الاصطناعية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper presents a hybrid approach called Modified Full Bayesian Classifier (M-FBC) and Artificial Bee Colony (MFBC-ABC) for using it to medical diagnosis support system. The datasets are taken from Iraqi hospitals, these are for the heart diseases and the nervous system diseases. The M-FBC is depended on common structure known as naïve Bayes. The structure for network is represented by D-separated for structure's variables. Each variable has Condition Probability Tables (CPTs) and each table for disease has Probability. The ABC is easy technique for implementation, has fewer control parameters and it could be easier than other swarm optimization algorithms, so that hybrid with other algorithms to reach the optimal structure. In the input stage, the symptoms and the medical history for the patient are processed through the BNs structures to obtain from Modified Full Bayesian Classifier- Artificial Bee Colony (MFBC-ABC). The proposed system inputs all medical dataset and it filters and extracts the dataset. After the evaluation of the structures, the system can select the best optimal structure by determining the accepted accuracy. The accuracy for M-FBC model is approximately (93%) for heart diseases and approximately (98%) for nervous system diseases. While in The MFBC-ABC model, the accuracy is approximately (100%) for heart diseases and is approximately (99%) for nervous model diseases. The experimental results shown that the results for MFBC-ABC is better than on M-FBC

Keywords


Article
Brain Tumor Detection of Skull Stripped MR Images Utilizing Clustering and Region Growing
الكشف عن أورام الدماغ في صور الرنين المغناطيسي منزوعة الجمجمة بأستخدام طرق العنقدة وانماء المناطق

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Brain tissues segmentation is usually concerned with the delineation of three types of brain matters Grey Matter (GM), White Matter (WM) and Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF). Because most brain structures are anatomically defined by boundaries of these tissue classes, accurate segmentation of brain tissues into one of these categories is an important step in quantitative morphological study of the brain. As well as the abnormalities regions like tumors are needed to be delineated. The extra-cortical voxels in MR brain images are often removed in order to facilitate accurate analysis of cortical structures. Brain extraction is necessary to avoid the misclassifications of surrounding tissues, skull and scalp as WM, GM or tumor when implementing segmentation algorithms. In this work, two techniques have been implemented to extract the brain tissues as elementary step. The next step was utilizing the resultant skull stripped images as input of four segmentation algorithms to extract the tumor region and calculate the area value of it. The resultant skull stripped images for complete set of T2-weighted images and the adaptive K-Means clustering techniques proved the robust performance of these proposed algorithms.


Article
Characteristics of Electrical Power Generation by Wind for Al-Tweitha Location Using Weibull Distribution Function
خصائص توليد الطاقة الكهربائية من الرياح لموقع التويثة باستخدام دالة توزيع ويبل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In this paper, the 5 minutes measured wind speed data for year 2012 at 10 meter height for Tweitha have been statically analyzed to assess the time of wind turbine electrical power generation. After collection Tweitha wind data and calculation of mean wind speed the cumulative Weibull diagram and probability density function was ploted, then each of cumulative Weibull distribution, cut-in and furling turbine wind speed could be used as a mathematical input parameters in order to estimate the hours of electrical power generation for wind turbine during one day or one year. In Tweitha site, found that the average wind speed was (v= 1.76 m/s), so five different wind turbines were be selected to calculate hours of electrical generation for Al-Tweitha site, the best of them was SWG 20 kW wind turbine.

Table of content: volume: issue: